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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"

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REYNULUi Ml.- • I um^nu 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01742 4562 



GENEALOGY 

974.2 

G7659 

1923 

JUL-DEC 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav55p2conc 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

Contents r * 

JULY 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire //. C. P 301 

As the Road Unrolls .FL F. M 303 

Future Policies of the Republican Party 

I. A Revival of Party Loyalty Wanted George II. Moses. 313 

II. A Party Program Frank Knox 314 

III. A For ward-Looking Party Frank Musgrove 315 

Polar Cave? < 318 

The Da^ Old Chick Industry in New Hampshire... A. IV, Richardson/. 320 

The Road to Lariat , Grant Carpenter Manson 322 

Three Women Who Lead New Hampshire Cli b Work 326 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets 33:) 

Gould Hill Farm G. F. Potter 332 

A Gold Mine in Jerseys H. Styles Bridges 337 

Books of New Hampshire Interest 342 

The Editor Stops to Talk 3-13 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 345 

Our Editori al Board 347 

New Hampshire Necrology 34- 



NEXT MONTH 
The Magazine Will Contain 

Articles and Pictures especially appropriate for the Tercentenary Year in 

Neve Hampshire 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 



Entered a? second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postofnee. 



■; 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY ^^Oj 



Contents 

AUGUST 1923 
I 

The Month jn New Hampshire 353 

What Shall We Do With Our Railroads? II. F. M 355 

How Doves Grew 361 

The Savings Bank Centenniai James O. Lyford 365 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets 370 

An Orchard and a College Education G. F. Potter 372 

■ 

Where the Past Lives Stili 376 

Farmers' and Home-Makers' Week Henry Bailey Stevens. . .. 380 

A New Hampshire Crusader A". //. C 3>±3 

The High School Essay Contest Erwin F. Keene , 384 

A Kttghen of 1825 in a Thriving New England Town 390 

What Qualities Ma k e eor Success ? 394 

Books of New Hampshire Interest 396 

The Editor Stops to Talk 397 

Current Opinion s in New Hampshire 399 

New Hampshire Necrology 401 



IN COMING ISSUES 

The Magazine Will Contain 

What New Hampshire Thinks of Prohibition \ symposium 

The League of Women Voters 

An account of its work and its President. 

The Story of a Kensington Warrior and Legislator 

By Samuel Copp Wprthen 

Some valuable New Hampshire history by an authority on the subject. 

Communism and the American Labor Movement Samuel Gompers 

A vital problem for New Hampshire and the entire nation. 

If you are nut a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 
one year beginning 



Name 
Address 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord. N. H. postoffice. 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
i By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 



Contents 
SEPTEMBER 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire N. II. C 405 

The Legion at the Whirs 408 

School Time Grace Blanchard 410 

Future Policies oe the Democratic Party: 

I. Forty-eight Hours, Taxation, and Water Power Raymond B. Stevens.. 413 

II. The Democratic Party of the Future Eaton D. Sargent... 412 

III. For the Rights oi the Average Man George E. Farrand.. 413 

"Three Sentinels or the North" and the Durham Meeting .. John G. Winaixt 414 

New Hampshire Looks Back Over Her Splendid Past 416 

•Are You A Hiker? H. Reynolds Goodwin 418 

A Forest Fire . . E. E. H r oodbury .... All 

The Bristol Dam \.H. M. Nabstcdt 424 

The Story of a Kensington Warrior Samuel Copp IVorthen 429 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets 434 

New Hampshire Apples at Their Best G. F. Poller 436 

The New Hampshire League of Women Voters 4-41 

Marsh King — Producer , Harry C. IVoodworth 445 

Prohibition : ' 446 

Books of New Hampshire Interest 447 

The Editor Stops to Talk 449 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 451 

New Ha mps hire Necrology 453 



COMING ISSUES 
Of The "Magazine Will Contain 
What New Hampshire Thinks of Prohibition A Symposium 

Our Playgrounds and their Influence Theresa Schmidt, H. E. Young 

Two articles by Playground workers on their work in this state. 

Log Driving on the Connecticut H. D. Gibson 

The story of an industry of the past. 

II you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concoid, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address • 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postoffice 



• T 

I rltL . I^KAINI i E IVlUiN I rlJL i 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

| ~" "" 

Contents 
OCTOBER 1923 

A Small Tribute to One of New Hampshire's Own . .' 459 

The MokTH in New Hampshire H. C. P 460 

At the Sign or the Lucky Dog Helen F. McMillin 462 

Th e Town Pi. a vground II. E. ) 'oung 465 

May Yoke , 466 

The Next Generation . Theresa E. Schmidt 46S 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets 4/6 

I 

Manchester's Mayoralty Primaries 478 

Culling Campaign jn New Hampshire i. W. Richardson 482 

The Story of a Kensington Warrior Samuel Copp Worthen . . 484 

Why a Traveling Dental Clinic? Daisy D. Williamson... 490 

The Wo'thless Feller Wm. M. Stuart 492 

Log-Driving on the Connecticut Alexander D. Gibson 497 

Books of Yew Hampshire Interest 502 

The Editor Stops to Talk 503 

Our Contributors 504 

Current Opinion in Yew Hampshire 505 

New Hampsh ire Necrology 509 



ANNOUNCEMENT 

The symposium, "What New Hampshire Thinks of Prohibition" which 

was forecasted in the issue for September will appear in an early number. 
The cover portrait of this number entitled "Our Summer Guests'' is a 
typical scene at the Shirley Hill House near Manchester. 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find S2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 

Entered as second elate matter at the Concord, N. H. postofrice 



THE GRANITE MO] . A 



A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Pubjished Monthly at Concord, N. M. 



By THE GRANITE MONTHLY CQMPANY 



T HE ( i R A N 1 T K A 1 ( ) N T H LY 

Norris H. Cotton', Managing Editor 

Associate Editors 
Ralph D. Hetzel, Durham Harlan C. Pearson, Concord 

Ernest M. Hopkins, Hanover George M. Putnam, Contoocook 

John K. MgLane, Manchester William S. Rossiter, Concord 

Elwin L, Page, Concord Eaton D. Sargent, Nashua 

John G. Winant, Concord , Raymond B. Stevens, Landaff 



Contents 

NOVEMBER 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire H. C. P 513 

1 s New Ha mpshire Completed ? William S. Rossiter 515 

A Controversy on Vaccination : 

Why I Voted Against the Anti-Compulsory Bill Dr. E. C. Chase 522 

Why I Oppose Compulsory Vaccination Arthur B. Green 523 

How One Com munity Turned i he Tide Earl P. Robinson 525 

The Farm Bureau Movement H. Styles Bridges 529 

Making Needles at Hill Helen F. McMillin 533 

A Fraction of a Second Philip Dodd 536 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets Arthur Johnson 540 

Building for the Future James M. Langley 542 

The Kitchen as a Workshop Daisy D. Williamson 544 

Romance in the Life of Whittter Lillian M. Ainsworth .... 54/ 

The Worthless Feller William M. Stuart 550 

Books of New Hampshire Interest 5^4 

The Editor Stops to Talk 556 

Our Contributors 557 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 558 

New Hampshire Necrology 560 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY. 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name • 

Address ■ • 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H., post-office. 



TH 



a:, vljIVjrllNl I 1L lYrlJiN 1 Jl1JL/I 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
By TH F. GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 



The Granite Monthly 



Norris H. Cotton, 
Associate 

Ralph D. Hetzel, Durham 
Ernest M. Hopkins, Hanover 
John R. McLane, Manchester 
Elwin L. Page. Concord 
John G. Winant, Concord 



Ji atiayii 

Editors 



Editor 



Harlan C. Peak-on. Concord 
George M. Putnam. Contoocook 
William S. Rossiter, Concord 
Eaton D. Sargent, Nashua 
Raymond B. Stevens, Landaft 



Contents 

DECEMBER 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire H. C. P 

The Lincoln Memoriai Elmer E. Woodbury,, 

Progressive New Hampshire Robert P. Bass , 

Buy Christmas Seals John G. Winant 

Rural Depopulation in New Hampshire E. W. Butter field 

J ustice John H. Clarke in Manchester N. H. C 

Shall "The Little White Schoolhouse" Go; 7 

The Reasons for Consolidation William H. Bukcr. . . . 

Plea for the District School Rose Barker 

Pubi ic Education Huntley X. Spauld'mg. 

Own Your Home Charles Sumner Bird. . 

The County Farm Bureau and Its Work If. Styles Bridges. . . . 

An Afternoon with Forgotten Things Helen F. McMillin .... 

An Anthology of Oxe Poem Poets irthur Johnson 

Candidates to Republican National Convention James F. O'Xei! 

The Editor Stops to Talk 

Books of New Ha m p; hire Interest 614 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 616 

New H amfsho ; \;< rology 618' 



r-Co 
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570 
578 
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587 
589 
$9s 
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606 
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613 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY. 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for ray subscription to the 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 



GRANITE MONTHLY for 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H., postoffice. 



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IK CONNECTICUT RIVER An HANOVER 

In This Issue-AS THE ROAD UNROLLS 



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The Upper Falls of the Ammonoosuc 
Bretton Woods, N. H. 



THE 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 



3c) 



Vol. 55 




No. 7 



JULY 



1923 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

The Canaan Fire 



s event of the month 
. in New Hampshire, 



THE chief • 
■*- of June. '. 
was the conflagration which, on Satur- 
day, the 2nd. devastated the village of 
Canaan. Children playing with matches 



kindled the blaze and a 
:': with almost incredible 
the business section of 
:era!ly burning it flat. 
loned and came with all 



in a day barn 
high wind took 
speed through 
the village, i 
Help was sum 
speed from points as distant as Concord, 
but to little avail because of the lack of 
an effective water supply and other ad- 
verse conditions. The scene of black- 
ened desolation created by the fire has 
been a point of attraction for thousands 
of motorists throughout the month. 

Inspiring was the spirit of resolute 
courage with which the people of 
Canaan fared the disaster and heart- 
wanning was the manner in which sym- 
pathy and substantial aid poured in on 
them from ah directions. The New 
England Red Cress at once made an 
appropriation f 
and sent its age 
istration ~* 

came by the thousands of dollars from 
the cities and towns of Xew Hampshire. 

Arrangements were made for the im- 
mediate payment of insurance losses; 
banks made liberal . provisions for aid in 
rebuilding the turned section and in re- 
suming business there: the town authori- 
ties took action to Lay out the new vil- 
lage on better lines than the old. 



he relief of suffering 
t : assist in the admin- 

oi that and other funds which 

the thousands of 



All in all the manner 
Canaan disaster was met 
overcome increases one's 



in which the 

and is being 
faith in the 



survival among us of the old New Eng- 



land virtues. 

The Burroughs 



Memorial Fund 



MOTHER good deed of the month 
was the raising of $50,000 as a 
permanent fund for the work of the 
New Hampshire Children's Aid and 
Protective Society. By securing this 
amount from its friends the Society re- 
ceives an additional $50,000 from Hon. 
Charles H. Greenleaf of Franconia and 
thus assures the continuance and per- 
petuation of its indispensable social, 
moral and physical service to the un- 
fortunates among the children of the 
state. 

Aii Important Meeting 

A MOTHER agency which is accom- 
■**■ plishing much good was called to 
the public attention during the month 
by a meeting in the state Hall of Repre- 
sentatives of the New England Con- 
gress on diseases of cattle. Commis- 
sioner Andrew L. Felker of the depart- 
ment of agriculture and Dr. Robinson 
W. Smith, state veterinarian, arranged 
a splendid program, with the co-opera- 
tion of the other New England states 
and of the federal government, and all 
phases of the work of the congress were 
ably and fully presented. It was good 



302 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



to hear that the work of eradicating 
bovine tuberculosis is making excellent 
progress and the public health thereby 
guarded and benefitted to an extent not 
generally realized. 

Commencement and Flag Day 

AS usual in the sixth month of the 
year brides and bachelors (of Arts, 
Letters and Science) held the public eye 
in New Hampshire, as elsewhere. The 
first degrees given by the University of 
New Hampshire at Durham were re- 
ceived by a larger class than ever gradu- 
ated from its predecessor, the New Hamp- 
shire College of Agriculture and the Me- 
chanic Arts. Dartmouth College at Han- 
over at the close of its 154th academic 
year also graduated the largest class in 
its history. Dartmouth's list of recipients 
of honorary degrees this year included 
Governor Fred H. Brown, Master of 
Arts; Rev. ChaUncy C. Adams of Bur- 
lington, Vt., and President Myron W. 
Adams of Atlanta University, Doctor 
of Divinity; John Drew, distinguished 
actor, Prof. Fred L. Pattee and Prof. 
Nathaniel W. Stephenson, Doctor of 
Letters; Louis Bell (posthumously) and 
William Hood, Doctor of Science; Gov- 
ernor Channing H. Cox of Massachu- 
setts, John W. Davis, former ambas- 
sador to -Great Britain, and Secretary of 
State Charles E. Hughes, Doctor of 
Laws. 

At the" alumni luncheon on Com- 
mencement Day Secretary Hughes was 
at his best in an address upon the sub- 
ject of the World Court and the partici- 
pation therein of this nation. 

Some notable addresses were given at 
various places in the state, on Flag Day, 
June 14, the local lodges of Elks being 
in most cases entitled to the credit for 
arranging the observance. In the 
proclamation of Governor Brown call- 
ing for the celebration of the day he 
said : 

"Love of country is a virtue, lacking 
which nations perish and civilizations 
decay. The Hag of our country is the 
symbol of its authority and its achieve^ 



ments, its protective might and its 
helpful aspirations. As the Star Span- 
gled Banner passes by we should stand 
at attention, respectful to its (digtnity; 
and power. We should thrill with emo- 
tion at its beauty and meaning as it 
flies in the breeze. To foster in our 
state these feelings and manifestations 
of patriotism I hereby proclaim Thurs- 
day, the 14th of June, as Flag Day in 
New Hampshire. Let the National Ban- 
ner be widely displayed among us on 
that day ; and let us all, as we give it 
due reverence, renew therewith our ac- 
tive allegiance to our beloved country 
and to its great and good ideals/' 

Appointments to State Offices 

jURING the month the governor and 
council accepted with regret the 
resignation of Rev. Harold H. Niles, 
because of his removal from the state, 
as a member of the board of trustees of 
the state prison. Mr. Niles, who has 
built up the Universalist church in Con- 
cord wonderfully during a five year pas- 
torate, goes to Denver, Colorado, to take 
charge of the work of his denomination 
there. Twice chaplain of the legisla- 
ture, in 1919 and 1921, Mr. Niles has 
an unusually wide acquaintance through- 
out the state and his departure is uni- 
versally regretted. 

In his place on the state prison board 
Levin J. Chase of Concord, well known 
publicist, has been appointed. Rev. Fr. 
John J. Brophy of Penacook has been 
continued by the same appointing power 
for another term on the state board of 
charities and corrections, . 

Figures made public by Secretary of 
State Enos K. Sawyer during the month 
showed that legislative agents engaged 
to promote and oppose various measures 
in the 1923 session of the New Hamp- 
shire General Court received a total 
compensation of $32,522, the largest 
amount since the law was enacted re- 
quiring the filing of such agents and 
their fees. The contest over the pro- 
posed 48-hour law caused the heaviest 
expenditure, — H. C. P. 



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Mt. Washington from the Intervale: It is this part 
which Whittier especially loved. 



of the White Mountains 



AS THE ROAD UNROLLS 

Some Impressions of an Early Summer Motor Trip 



(j£ f I iHE summer boarder is our best 
and biggest crop in these parts." 
The remark is quoted from a 
magazine published before the begin- 
ning of the century and the shrewd old 
countryman who spoke did not live long 
enough to see much more than the be- 
ginnings of the influx of summer tour- 
ists which has been brought about by the 
coming of the automobile and the devel- 
opment of New Hampshire's roads. If 
the summer boarder was a big crop in 
those days, how are we to describe it 
now, when the records of each year are 
consistently smashed by each new har- 
vesting ? 

We started on our trip throng!: the 
mountains early this year, the first week 
of June. Spring comes slowly in New 



Hampshire, and along the road farmers 
were busy with their planting. From 
all indications the summer tourist crop 
was also in the plowing and planting 
stage. The great hotels, especially those 
which are really up in the hills, were 
shattered and barred. Some showed signs 
of preparation — lawns being trimmed, 
painters and carpenters at work, — 
but most of them proclaimed with elo- 
quent silence that the time of the harvest 
was not yet. We stopped one night at 
the Hotel Monadnock in Colebrook, a 
well equipped, newly remodeled hotel 
which normally accommodates many trav- 
elers, and we were the only guests. The 
experience was a pleasant one, especial- 
ly because of the real hospitality shown 
bv "mine host," but it showed us one 



304 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



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Hundreds of Miles of Almost Perfect Roads Make Touring in New Hampshire 

An Unalloyed Joy. 

reason why we had passed so many For many years a summer resort. 

closed hotels. The tourist invasion does New Hampshire's winter possibilities 
not begin until July. are a recent discovery ; and it is pos- 



AS THE ROAD UKfcOLLS 



305 



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The Moosilauke Valley seen from Hawk CHtt at Rumney, showing 

Lake Stinson. 



sible that at some not too distant date 
some one will proclaim with persuasive 
eloquence the beauties of the mountains 
in the early months of the summer so 
that the state will become also a ''spring 
resort." For assuredly there is no more 
beautiful time of year to see the New 
Hampshire hills. 

You who go motoring in midsummer 
will miss many of the things which made 
our trip particularly lovely: — the frag- 
rance of apple-blossom and the snowy 
whiteness of wild cherry, the pastel 
colorings of the new green trees, the 
patches, of snow on the northern slopes 
of the presidential range and along the 
southern roadside in the Dixville Notch. 
You will miss also the interesting ex- 
perience of being; at Hanover when the 
college is in session. If you go that 
way now, you'll find much to interest 
you; records of Dartmouth's tradition 
«n the old landmarks : the Howe Library 
which used to be the home of Eleazar 
Wheelock, the old cemetery where the 
founders of the college lie buried, the 
house where Daniel Webster lived when 
he was in college; indications also of the 



grow 



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I future of the college in the un- 
: buildings which are rising here 
ere about the campus. But the 
in midsummer is a deserted vil- 
a.r different from the scene we 
i from the high window of the 
:r Inn on the first evening of our 

ss the road a knot of boys clad 
f jackets and knickers leaned 
the senior fence, occupied in the 
:n r 4" task of carving each other's 
canes. Other groups, in which 
rshmen were always distinguish- 
• their absurd green caps, gather- 
dispersed. As dusk came the 
took greater definiteness and 
ly from the four sides of the 
: : n turn came the vigorous sound 
age songs and the Indian war- 
which strikes terror to the hearts 
rtnxmth's enemies. The singing 
drew nearer together, forming 
w square at the center of the 
. ?s:d the Alma Mater brought 
: "hum" of the season to its close. 
might to a close also the first day 
ponrnev, a day in which we had 



306 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



1 



Boston & Mairu 

'We swung inland along the Moosilauke Trail"- 
Mt. Moosilauke from Warren, N. II . 



pines and evergreen?, along 
brown little brooks, and finally 
out to the broader country of 
the Connecticut valley with the 
river winding slowly at our feet 
and the Green Mountains of 
Vermont just across the way. 
The highway passes within a 
few miles of Sunapee and al- 
most touches the Shaker Vil- 
lage of Enfield, by Lake Mas- 
coma. Both places are worth 
making a detour to visit. 

We followed main roads 
throughout the trip, for back 
roads are uncertain early in the 
year. To sketch the trip briefly : 
— From Hanover we followed 
north along the River through 
Lyme and Or ford, then swung 
inland along the Mousilauke 
Trail through Glencliff and 
Warren and Went worth to Ply- 
mouth, a short day's trip, but a 
beautiful one. Then we headed 
our automobile north and, fol- 
lowing an almost straight line 
through the mountains, climbed 
through Franconia Notch, into 



traveled over 
smooth roads 
up along the 
Dartmo u t h 
College H igh- 
way through 
Keene and 
Newport and 
Lebanon, past 
little villages 
\v i t h their 
clean white 

churches and 
e 1 m-s haded 
homes, between 
wooded hill- 
sides where 
the you n g 
green of new 
leaves was con- 
trasted against 
the dark of 



■ 



ft 



i 



Photo by Phil M. Riley Courtesy Photo Era Magazine 

A Glimpse of Newfound Lake. 



AS THE ROAD UNROLLS 



the rolling country of the upper 
Connecticut Valley, Colebrook 
was the end of that day's jour- 
ney, and from there we crossed 
through the jagged Dixville 
Notch to Errol. took a side trip 
up past U.mbagog Lake to the 
Aziscoos Darn which, although 
in Maine is an important water- 
power development affecting the 
industry of Berlin. Through 
the thirty-mile woods along the 
log-filled Androscoggin. we 
made our way to Berlin and 
Gorham, the tnd of another 
day's trip. 

We might have gone directly 
south from Gorham. and had we 
done so we should have passed 
through one of the very beauti- 
ful notches of the White Moun- 
tain country. Pinkham's Notch ; 
hut we felt reluctant to forego 
the two cross roads, one north 
and one south of Washington, 
which include some of the best 
loved scenery of the mountains. 
We doubled on our tracks, 
therefore, and went northwest. 
through Randolph and Jefferson 
to Lancaster, then southeast 
through Crawford's Notch, Bret- 



■ 





[ , 

Photo by W 

The little 



i. S. Davis Courtesj 
white church in 
Hampshire villa; 



-^r— "-^•TK-<^r 



Phc 

typi 




& : 



- 3k* 







Wooded Shores, th 



Courtesy Photi 

Weirs, X. H. 



:al of New 

ton Woods, 
Bartlett, North 
C o n w ay. In- 
tervale, the 
con n t r y s 
much loved by 
Whittier. Our 
destination 
that day was 
Wolf bo ro and 
we reached 
there at just 
the time of day 
when Whittier 
wrote — 

"The sunset with 
its bars of pur- 
ple cloud, 
L ike a ne \v 
heaven, shines 
upward from t he- 
lake 

Of Winnepesau- 
kee." 



308 



THE GRANITE MONTH 






«s* ■* % 



'*>. 



M 



■ ' ■ 



I I .._.:"■._' . ... ./.. . ■ r ...-:i,-...r. .„..:< %££■£& :•-- fc-S 

Boston & Maine 

Dixvilie is the Northern Notch of th? White Mountains, narrow, ragged, with an in- 
comparable wild beauty. We found snow here in June on a day when Boston 
was sweltering in the first heat of the season. 



It is only a short trip from Wolfboro to 
Concord. the end of our journey, 
whether one takes the direct route or 
goes more leisurely along the Lake to 
Lakeport and the Weirs and then 
through Laconia and Franklin. Time 
pressed us and we took the shorter road 
through Barnstead and Pittsfield, but 
the other route is probably more full of 
interest. 

We took a little more than five days 
to the trip. That is a comfortable pace 
of perhaps an average of one hundred 
miles a day. But it does not give much 
time to go off the traveled path, to know 
the country, to learn its stories, to see 
the beauty which is hidden away for 
those who love the hills enough to search 
for it. At most one can visit only the 
places made accessible through the en- 
terprise and in-senility of man: the 
Polar Caves at Rumney, four miles out 



of Plymouth, are the most recently open- 
ed of these natural curiosity spots, and 
the fact that overalls and searchlights 
and sneakers are ready at call for the 
tourist makes that trip easy even for 
the motorist running on an exacting 
schedule of mileage. The Flume, in 
Franconia Notch, is another such spot. 
One does not even have to slow down 
the car to see the Old Man of the 
Mountains; and Lost River is a favor- 
ite haunt of touring parties. Part of 
the technique of cultivating the summer 
tourist crop consists in simplifying his 
sight-seeing, in making it possible for 
him to see the maximum variety of won- 
ders in the minimum space of time. It 
is a legitimate part of the summer busi- 
ness, and a valuable part, for the places 
exploited are places of unusual beauty 
which the speeding tourist would other- 
wise pass by. But one would be fool- 



. 



AS THE ROAD UNROLLS 



309 



Crawford's Notch is gentler scenery than 
loved part of the 

ish beyond reason to claim that in a 
five-day trip one could even begin to 
know the mountain country. For that 
one must live with the hills. 

Yet there is a value in the short trip : 
it heightens contrasts. It gives one, bet- 
ter than any long study could do. a 
sense of the variety of this New Hamp- 
shire country. A day's trip takes one 
from the broad fertile valley ■of the 
Connecticut to the foot of the Presi- 
dential range. In the space of a hun- 
dred miles one may compass the logging 
country of the upper Androscoggin, 
with the corduroy roads leading into 
the forests and the cabins of lumber 
camps; the Country of mountain passes, 
beautiful beyond belief with its sharp 
peaks and wooded ravines ; and the lake 
country with its small farms and busy 
towns. In a single day one can stand 
looking up at the jagged peaks in Dix- 



Boston & Maine 

Dixville. To many tourists it is the best 
Mountain Country. 

ville Notch and be charmed by the soft- 
er, but no less majestic beauty of Craw- 
fords. It is only a day's journey from 
a busy manufacturing town like Frank- 
lin to the fisherman's country about the 
Connecticut Lakes. 

To recall some of the towns we pass- 
ed through in our five day's journey is 
to record something of this variety. 
Keene, first, a busy city with a metro- 
politan air, the shire city of a wealthy 
county ; Hanover, a quiet academic 
village, unhurried and thoughtful; Ply- 
mouth. Gateway to the White Moun- 
tains, alert and hospitable to the tourist 
throng; Thornton and Woodstock and 
Franconia, flourishing centers for the 
summer boarder crop; Bethlehem, city 
of hotels, the only place, so they say, 
from which the presidential range is to 
be seen in perfect perspective, and also 
the only place where hay fever is abso- 



31€ 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



From Bethlehem and Whitefreld one sees the. 

lutely non-existent; G'roveton with its 
piles of lumber being transformed into 
wood pulp ; North Stratford, an ugly 
machine-made town in a beautiful en- 
vironment ; Berlin, the newest city in 
the state, the industrial city of the north, 
whose development is a thrilling story 
of alertness and enterprise; Intervale 
and Conway and Choconta, villages 
more rich in legend than any other sec- 
tion of the state: — the list is too long to 
give in full. 



Boston »t Main* 

Presidential range in its true perspective. 



It is worth a 



good 



deal to get 



back and 
stay long 
so that the 
ent becomes 



Mt. Tecumseh from Watervill 

but it makes i 



is a Dit or 
rewarding • 



this 

sense of the scope of New Hampshire's 
interests in a quick impressionistic tour 
of the state. And then one should go 
really get acquainted, 
enough in each place 
past as well as the pres- 
real. There are stories in 
the hills, but the swift purr of the auto- 
mobile engine drowns them out. They 
will tell you at Lancaster how a dare- 
devil member of the Rogers Rangers, 

a bov who had 

— j j 

i been a bound 
servant in Con- 
necticut until 
released by this 
service to his 
king, passing 
--* ' ! ' "-..> that way on an 

■J Indian raid. 
took a fancy to 
the location 
and picked out 

1 the site where 

I the busy little 
t o w n n o w 

I stands. At Jef- 
ferson, you 
will hear of 

J Granny Stal- 

I bird, servant 

'^m^X^\T^A P ie > who back 

:de trip. 



AS THE ROAD UNROLLS 



311 



..... 



.■'. ..^ v. ../". ' '., '■■•■, ••-. - .. . - : \- 

Lake Winnepesaukee is the largest of New 



Boston & Maine 

Hampshire's many beautiful lakes. 



in 1763 won for herself the love and 
gratitude of the people of the countryside 
by her knowledge of healing herbs. The 
country around Conway and Chocorua 
will vield a hundred tales of the old days, 



among them the 
Indian chieftain 
height of Cho- 
corua, hurled 
his curse upon 
the land of his 
white enemy 
and then leaped 
to his death 
rather than die 
at the hands 
of his pursuer. 
One should 

take a volume 
of Whittier in 
his pocket when 
he goes into 
this section, for 
there are beau- 
tiful passages 
descriptive of 
lake and river 
and mountain 
which breathe 



familiar story 
who, standing 



of the 
on the 



a real understanding of the spirit of 
the place. 

As one learns to know the hills one 
thinks with sympathy of Molly Ockei. 
Molly was a squaw of the Pequawket 
tribe who saved the life of Colonel 
Clark by warning him of an Indian plot 






l&m. .-■ 



■ 



n 



'hotu by Ph 



Mad River and Cone 



Courtesy Ph 

Thornton. 



Era Magazine 



to kill him. In gratitude the Colonel 
took Molly to his luxurious city home 
in Boston and planned to give her every 
possible advantage that his own daugh- 
ter might have. But Molly grew home- 
sick and her hen factor was wise enough 
to guess the trouble. He brought her 
back to her woodland and built for her 
a wigwam in the wood, and there, the 
story goes, she lived happily ever after. 
City-dwellers though we are. . we all 
experience something of Molly Ocket's 
sense of release when we get out into 
the open country of Xew Hampshire. 



"Doubtless/" said wise old Isaac Wal- 
ton. "God could have made a better 
berry than the strawberry, but doubtless 
also God never did." The same senti- 
ment applies to Xew Hampshire's vaca- 
tion country. We will not assert that 
a bountiful Providence exhausted its re- 
sources to build it, but the fact remains 
that there is no spot on earth more 
favored. And in these days of evolu- 
tion theories, it is well to state that, how- 
ever the rest of the world may have 



V 698869 

evolved from chaos by slow stages. Xew 
Hampshire was formed by special act 
of the Great Spirit. 

Ages and ages ago, before the mem- 
ory of the paleface, a lonely redman 
wandered the snowly wastes of the 
north country and cried aloud to die 
Great Spirit to pity his hunger and his 
coldness. The Great Spirit heard. And 
suddenly the Indian was deafened by 
the noise of an earthquake and saw with 
astonished eyes, great piles of jagged 
rocks rise up out of the earth. Then 
as he watched he saw also, from the 
cloud which hung over the newly form- 
ed mountains, streams of ice-cold spark- 
ling water come flowing down through 
the rocky slopes. And a voice out of 
the cloud said, "Here the Great Spirit will 
dwell forever with his chosen children.' 

The red hunter and his kinsmen, who 
named so many of the Mountains with 
the Snowy Foreheads have disappeared ; 
but surely those whose fortunes lead 
them even for a brief holiday to the 
Waumbek Methna are more than other 
men chosen of the gods. — H. F. M. 



^1 



A r% 



\ 






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;':....V; -V;-' ~ : " . v- *'- . •- -J 

' ' ' ' '■ -1 

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■ ■•■'■ ' Sr £.£&&£& ... .. - ,.• . :. .._■__. . : . .. . Eg ....'..-. _ . '£t : , - . ■■_ ......J 

Courtesy Photo Era Magazine 

The road leads past comfortable farm houses, 



313 

FUTURE POLICIES OF THE 
REPUBLICAN PARTY 

Three New Hampshire Leaders Analyze the Situation 

I 
A Revival of Party Loyalty Wanted 

By Senator George H. Moses 



OL1T1CAL parties do not forecast 
their policies in advance with ac- 
curacy. They cannot— any more 
than a man, by taking thought, can add 
a cubit to his stature. Political policies 
are shaped by events; and so much water 
will run down the Merrimack between 
now and the next election that no one 
can foretell the ebb or flow of the tide 
which will lead to Republican fortune 
in 1924. 

My personal hope is that the issues 
will be so clearly drawn that the un- 
mistakable difference between our party 
and our opponents will be undubitably 
set forth in our platform to the end that 
there can be no question regarding the 
interpretation of the mandate which I 
am sure we shall take from the voters. 
The fundamentals of Republicanism 
are fully established ; and while these 
are unchanged, and as I think, unchang- 
ing, there .has never been the slightest 
hesitation, among New Hampshire Re- 
publicans, at least, to meet the new issues 
which an advancing age insists upon 
pressing for solution. There have been 
great reforms in New Hampshire, for 
instance, in the last twenty years- -and 
I choose this period because, at its be- 
ginning, the old regime was at the 
height of its power. These reforms 
have been secured through the agency 
of the Republican party ; and not reluc- 
tantly. Every man, every woman, every 
child in New Hampshire who has a 
sense of betterment arising from the 
long series of legislation which has 
maintained our state in the front rank 
of progressive commonwealths knows 
that it is due to the enlightened judg- 
ment and action of the long-dominant 



party which has moved forward, in an 
orderly fashion, to provide all that rea- 
soned public opinion has required. I 
doubt, in fact, if any state in the Union 
has proportionately, when one thinks in 
terms of population and wealth, gone 
forward as far or as fast as New Hamp- 
shire. 

Therefore, future Republican policies 
in Xew Hampshire connote merelv a 
continuance of Republicanism. 

Republicanism, not only in New 
Hampshire but through the country 
generally, has fallen from its high estate 
of the yester-years chiefly because the 
party ties have slackened. My views on 
the causes of this are too well known to 
require re-stating here; but it is wholly 
pertinent for me to say in this connection 
that there can be no continuance of Re- 
publicanism, and that there can especial- 
ly be none of the renascence of Repub- 
licanism such as New Hampshire so 
sorely needs, if we are not to have a re- 
vival of the party spirit. It is thirty- 
four years since I first began to have 
any direct connection with public affairs 
in this state. At that time the voters 
were either Democrats or Republicans — 
and there was no doubt about it, either. 
In those days a conscientious town com- 
mittee could make a canvass which would 
reveal within the narrowest of limits 
exactly how the vote would be cast on 
election day. Now, such a thing is im- 
possible. In those days a party nomi- 
nation was made and all members of the 
party felt bound . to support it. They 
had had their day in the caucus and in 
the convention; they had conducted their 
fight within the party lines; if they had 
lost, it was their party business to pick 



314 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



their flints and wait for the next chance. 
Today, and dating back for a good 
many years even before the adoption of 

the direct primary — which has failed so 
signally to meet the expectations of its 
proponents, to say nothing of its gen- 
eral failure to realize their personal am- 
bitions — 1 have seen voters take part in 
every preliminary to the making of a 
party ticket and then feel themselves at 
perfect liberty to support it at the polls 
or not as they saw fit. This is not Re- 
publicanism. It may fit an absurd and 
strained construction of the spirit of the 
times, but it is subversive of party gov- 
ernment — and party government is a 
necessary adjunct of the constitutional 
form of government to which the United 
States still r.dheres, though it must be 
confessed that its substance has become 
much diluted. 

Unless we are to have a larger sense 
of party responsibility, not only among 
those who bold office in a party name 



but among those who lay claim to a 
party membership, it will make no dif- 
ference after a few years what the poli- 
cies of the Republican party are. There 
will be no Republican Party. Xor will 
there be any other party as we now know 
parties. There will be a congeries of 
groups, such as I have lately seen in 
some European Parliamentary Cham- 
bers, where a Right, and a Left, and a 
Center, and an Extreme Right, and an 
Extreme Left, and a dozen other less 
distinguishable blocs will hold the stage ; 
and our Constitution will be a complete 
failure. 

New Hampshire put the Constitution 
into force. I hope New Hampshire will 
have no part in putting the Constitution 
out of business. And I can think of no 
more effective means for giving the Con- 
stitution renewed vigor than to have a 
revival of party spirit. Why not start 
the movement here by having a revival 
o I Republ icanism ! 



II 

A Party Program 

By Major Frank Knox 



HE future of the Republican party 

as the dominant political factor in 
New Hampshire is essentially 
bound tip with the problem of re-estab- 
lishing the interest in the party and its 
welfare of the young manhood and 
womanhood of the state. Unless this 
is speedily accomplished the Republican 
party in New hi ampshire faces a long 
and deserved period of minority activ- 
ity. Almost universally throughout the 
state one find- the active leaders of the 
party to be men on the shady side of 
fifty, with many of them over sixty years 
of age. It is the exception when a 
young man or woman in a position of 
party leadership and authority is found. 
This statement should not, however, 
be presumed to mean that tins is wholly 
the fault of the older men. There may 
be instances where age is jealous of 
youth and refuses to yield authority, but 



in most cases old men remain on guard 
solely because of the failure of the 
younger generation to take any active 
interest in the party and its success. 

This condition of impending senility 
in party organization cannot be corrected 
by merely scolding about it. We can- 
not bring the young men and women in- 
to political activities by preaching duty 
at, and to, them. It may only be ac- 
complished by providing the Republican 
party of this state with a program that 
appeals to the young man and the young 
woman. Always, everywhere, there is a 
natural and inevitable tendency, where 
control rests upon the shoulders almost 
exclusively of those who are long past 
their youthful enthusiams and interests, 
to gravitate into a posture of satisfac- 
tion with things as they are, with reluc- 
tance to undertake new methods, with 
timidity toward proposals designed to 






FUTURE POLICIES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



315 



meet new needs. The Republican party 
in this st^te stands in grave peril of be- 
coming a static instead of an energizing 

force. It suffers from a disposition to 
over-emphasize the preservation of the 
good things achieved, and to neglect the 
vigorous treatment of new problems as 
they arise. 

Thus, in the evolution and enuncia- 
tion of the sort of program which will 
invite the interest and active co-operation 
of the younger generations, praise and 
adulation for past achievements, and 
former leadership which made achieve- 
ment possible, may well be subordinated 
to recognition of pressing present prob- 
lems and the meatls of their solution. 
We need less to "recall with satisfaction" 
than we do to "view with alarm," and 
well may our recent political experiences 
incline us to the latter ! For unless we 
do feel "alarm" and coin that sense of 
alarm into aggressive and determined 
energy, our party's future in this state 
is precarious. 

Merely for the purpose of inviting 
discussion and trying to arouse a general 
interest in the party's immediate future, 
I submit the following suggested pro- 
gram as possibly one which would in- 
vite interest and co-operation from the 
young men and women of the state: 

1. Complete separation of state and 
local taxes. 

2. Immediate enactment of the need- 
ful legislation to procure the prompt 
development of every horsepower in 
our streams. 

3. Creation of a state commission to 



stud\" and recommend useful state action 
designed to promote better relations be- 
tween employer and employee, this sur- 
vey to include the various methods suc- 
cessfully employed in industry else- 
where to bring about co-operation be- 
tween capital and labor. 

4. A careful survey of food produc- 
tion in this state, the broadening and en- 
larging ot the functions of the state 
marketing bureau with the utmost of 
state encouragement to soundly or- 
ganized co-operative enterprise among 
the food producers both for buying farm 
necessities, and selling farm products. 

5. The creation of a bureau of pub- 
licity in some existing department of 
the state govenment which will supple- 
ment and co-ordinate all private enter- 
prise designed to repopulate our farms 
and increase food production, to adver- 
tise our attractions as a summer and 
winter resort, and to present attractive- 
ly to the business world the advantages 
of New Hampshire as a manufacturing 
region. This bureau's work should in- 
clude concrete effort to get on the land 
as productive units some of the thous- 
ands of former soldiers in the World 
War which the vocational training bu- 
reau of the United States Veterans' 
Bureau is now training for agricultural 



pursuits. 

This pr 
regarded ; 



ram by no means is to be 
complete, nor in final ac- 
ceptable form. It is .put forth, as I 
have said, to precipitate that needful and 
essential discussion which must precede 
constructive and helpful part)' action. 



Ill 



i Forward Looking Party 
By Hox. Frank MusGRoVk 



LL that one might wish for the 
Republican party in the approach- 
ing campaign in New Hampshire 
could be expressed in one terse sen- 
tence: "It should be a foward looking 
party." 

There are three fundamentals for 



party success. Issues, Candidates, Or- 
ganization. These three fundamentals 
should be so thoroughly co-ordinated as 
to produce complete "team-work;" they 
should be responsive to popular nee* is 
and demands. 

First as to Issues: We must avoid the 



316 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



danger of living upon our record of past 
achievement, glorious as that record is. 
In politics, as in business^ a past is of 

value only as a basis tor further pro- 
gress. It has been demonstrated over 
and over again (was demonstrated in 
the election of 1922) that the issues of 
any particular campaign mean more to 
those who have votes to bestow than 
past accomplishments mean. In the 
present state of political unrest it es- 
pecially behooves us to give intelligent 
thought to issues before we enter the 
next campaign. 

The most important issues seem 
naturally to group themselves under 
three heads, (1) Equalization and allevi- 
ation of the tax burden; (2) Utilization 
and development of our natural re- 
sources; (3) Labor legislation. 

The people are clamoring for taxa- 
tion relief. Specific means for sub- 
stantial relief are difficult to find under 
the barriers imposed by our Constitu- 
tion, especially while high costs prevail. 
but there are some sources of legitimate 
revenue which have not yet been utilized 
and always economies may be effected. 
Republicans should go into the next 
campaign with a carefully thought out 
program for such utilization of new 
sources of revenue as will more equita- 
bly distribute the tax burden ; should 
give assurance that such new revenue 
will not mean increased appropriations ; 
should present a definite program for re- 
trenchment. We should oppose the crea- 
tion of further commissions, oppose the 
undertaking of new, expensive enter-i 
prises, should urge the elimination of 
certain commissions now existing and 
the consolidation of others. 

Utilization and Development of Our 
Natural Resources : We should con- 
template generous encouragement of ag- 
griculture and the greater utilization of 
that wealth inherent to us in the water 
systems of the state. 

We are only beginning to realize the 
importance of agriculture. The farmer, 
if you please, should receive every possi- 



ble legislative aid. He is our only real 
producer. It is obvious that as year by 
year we see a decrease in the number of 
such producers the effect upon the costs 
of the necessities of life is definite. The 
Republican party should offer a definite 
program of aid to agriculture. 

New Hampshire should take her 
place by the side of those states which 
have come to recognize the importance 
of their natural water system, the pos- 
sibilities of creating storage basins to 
save the supply which annually runs to 
waste. It is unfortunate that the last 
legislature did not do something with 
the project which was then presented. 
It would he good strategy for the Re- 
publican party to get behind such an 
issue in the next campaign, presenting 
it in a manner to convince that the pro- 
ject ma\ be carried out without adding 
materially to present state charges and 
pointing out. the economies which would 
ensue by reduction in fuel costs. 

Labor Issues : We should advocate 
further improvement in liability and 
compensation statutes. But of course 
the big labor issue will center around 
the question of hours of labor. The 
Republican party should get squarely 
behind the 48-hour proposition. But. 
the answer will be, the Democrats will 
again espouse that issue. So much the 
better. J f both parties endorse it Re- 
publicans who believe in it will vote 
with their party in the next campaign, 
while those who do not so believe can 
do nothing else as there will be no anti- 
party to which they can go. There is 
no need for further investigation. The 
politician knows how he stands on this 
important question, the voters know 
what they want. The 48-hour week is 
coming, and it is right. 

Speaking of issues, New Hampshire 
Republicans should remember that' the 
next campaign will he a presidential 
campaign, and they should stand square- 
ly {oehind the national administration. 
Examine the state platform of the party 
during any presidential campaign and it 



FUTURE POLICIES OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



317 



ill be noted that this endorsement has 



w 

alwavs T r, 
Presides 
the full 

tatever 



given. 
Hardini 



is corn mil ted to 



\Y 



we 



"orcement of prohibition, 
may think of prohibition 



should cc 
to be ce^ 
under p 
political : 
upholding 



lever our belief as to what 
nitrite the alcoholic content 
:d in actual operation of law 
hibition, the fundamental 
ue in prohibition is that of 
he Constitution. Upon this 



question the Republican party should 
stand foursquare. 

Then we must back up the President 
in his advocacy of the World Court. 
The party cannot be divided upon this 
question and win. Otir participation in 
this World Court as a possible war de- 
terrent is the least we can reasonably do 
and still avoid entangling ourselves as 
seriously as we would by actual member- 
ship in the League of Nations as such. 
Opponents of the World Court talk 
much about the "mandates" of the last 
presidential election ; but President 
Harding was elected quite as much by 
the votes of those who expected him to 
give us some reasonable participation in 
world obligations, minus the Wilson ob- 
jections, as by those who wanted no 
participation at all. 

Only a word as to Candidates and Or- 
ganization: Both should typify a sane 
progressivism. It should be remem- 
bered that in recent years the most suc- 
cessful campaigns from la Republican 
standpoint have been waged around pro- 
gressive issues and with candidates of 
progressive thought. Most of the legis- 
lation in which we take pride as a party 
was enacted by liberal legislatures. One 
would-be gubernatorial canchate openly 



declares that before we enter another 

campaign we must divorce the indepen- 
dent from the party. But grass widows 
and grass widowers seldom come back- 
to their first love. It is better strategy 
to put some one at the head of the politi- 
cal family who will hold the family to- 
gether. The independent vote will con- 
trol the next election. The Republican 
party can hold that vote if it presents 
proper issues and candidates. 

As to Organization : One may thor- 
oughly approve of the real life which 
the party has recently shown in this re- 
gard. Now let us take in a sufficient 
number of liberal thinking men and 
women, a sufficient number from among 
the new voters, to become thoroughly 
representative. Do not remove those 
who have done previously effective party 
service, but liberalize without such re- 
movals. 

Finally, to build for the future it 
should be stated that that party which 
will drop politics with an election, and 
in the halls of legislation vote upon 
measures according to their merits and 
without political considerations, will at 
once become secure in the affections of 
the electorate. It may sound paradoxi- 
cal, but the best way to build politically 
is to forget politics — at the proper time. 

New Hampshire is naturally a Re- 
publican state. Given liberal issues, 
liberal candidates, and a representative 
organization in the next campaign, the 
Republican party in this state will re- 
sume its rightful position. Then, if it 
will drop politics with the convening of 
the next General Court, Republican 
supremacy will be secure for years to 
come. 



A GROWING BUSINESS 



It is only a few years since a rep- 
resentative in the legislature from 
Berlin passed around at the State 
House some of the first cans man- 
ufactured by the Brown Company of 



lli: 



CitV 



a vegetable oil substitute 



for lard. To-day the news comes 
that the Browns are buying 60,000 
acres of the Florida Everglades for 
the raising of peanuts to furnish oil 
for this one branch of their business. 

— Concord Monitor 



318 



HE GRANITE MONTHLY 






'ii 



POLAR 







•«-•.- 

fc 









■ 

■>T: 






Because rain spoiled a man's fish- 
ing tn'n, tourists this vear along the 
Mousilatike trail will find four miles 
from Plymouth a new landmark and 
a new adventure prepared for them. 
The approach to the adventure is 
ouiet enough : a nlain frame pavii- 
lion by the road, in which Mr. Col- 
lishaw, quiet, courteous, enthusias- 
tic over his discovery, is waiting 
with a cordial welcome ; a short 
walk through the woods where red 
snuirrels scold from the trees; a 
winding walk over rustic hridges ; so 
one comes to the Polar Caves. 

Tn a sense they are not caves: 
they are formed bv the tumbling 
together of a huge ma^s of boulders. 
around which, and over which, and 
under wrnVh the human insect can 
crawl with imnum'tv. There are 
rork chambers as laree as a room 
and smah narrow passages through 
which one crawls on hands and 
knees. And the weirdnr-ss and mvs- 
terv of the place i = enhanced bv the 
s'-rpno-e shanes of the rocks. A 
sold'or. wearing - a Confederate can. 
stands guard on ton of the cliff, a 
nrofle. small hut nearly ^ distinct 
as the CMd Man of the Mountains: 
another cliff discloses the -face of a 
sleeping giant : strange animals con- 
front ore at the ooenings of caves. 
On the hot davs of the summer the 
raises will undoubtedly he the refuse 
of many dn^ty tourists, for the 
name. Polar Caves, is well taken, one 



POLAR CAVES 319 



/' 



£ I 



i," 



C A V E S 



'* 


% 


1 




* l " 


■ 






1 



finds ice there the year round. In 
June the snow in some of the cham- 
bers is knee deep. . . 

• 1 

There is nothing new about the C - ...... i 

caves of course. They have been '■■,,:■ ' * 

there for centuries. The story is . , ' ■'• < *J$ 

that they were the haunt of Indians \ ' 

and the refuge of smugglers in the - 

early days. And in the more recent •«....',.,„ A 

pa^t. the villagers used to send the ; 



-i 



small boys of the neighborhood to 

the ice caves for the ice needed in 
freezing ihe Fourth of July ice 
cream. But the stranger in the lo- 
cality, driving along the road, would 
never have guessed the existence of 
the caves ; he sees only a rocky cliff 
with scrubby growth on its sides and 
young trees below it— a pleasant bit 

of landscape, but not such as to ' . •■ • ] 

cause one to stop to explore. In { ' ; 

fact, as we have already said, it 
took an interruption in a fishing trip, 
a rainy day with nothing to do. to 

bring these caves to the attention of ' . 

their present owner. „ 



Mr. Collishaw has a business in , ■ '. '„,-., 

Exeter, and he has spent vacations n* -'- " . - - 

in Rumney for many years. Last \', ./ .. 

year he discovered the caves. They ' . V£» - 

fascinated him and he had imagi- ; .» v . • i 

nation enough to see that they v.ould --^ _- . ' '> .; ; 

interest others. So he promptly '."• " * f _.. t * 

bought the land and set about inak- \ I / ....■* 

ing the approach to the caves easy j ," : " . ' , ' 

for the tourists That is the story; \ ' . 

stop and see for yourself next time 

you pass that way. $_? '^^S- - -^ 




Chicks from an Accredited Flock. 



THE DAY-OLD CHICK INDUSTRY 
IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Meeting the Increasing Demand for New Hampshire Chicks 

By A. \Y. Richardson 



A 

ITHIX the last three years 
there has been developed in 
the state of New Hampshire 
a specialized branch of the poultry 
industry — the day-old chick. Prior 
to this time comparatively few- 
such chickens were sold by the New 
Hampshire poultrymen either within 
or outside the stale. The one thing 
which probably has most to do with 
the development of this day-old chick 



business is the fact that several 
flocks of poultry tested for white- 
diarrhea have been found absolutely 
free. This disease has been, the curse 
of . the chicken industry, probably 
causing fifty per cent of the mortality, 
and has been widely spread through- 
out New England. Scientists have 
found the only practical method of 
controlling the plague is by raising 
uncontarninated stock. The object, 
therefore, of the Poultry Department 
of the University of New Hampshire 
in its campaign against white di- 



arrhea has been to get healthy chicks 
into the hands of as many people as 
possible, or, in other words, chickens 
which will live and grow. Those men 
who possess the flocks found free 
from white diarrhea infection have 
been able to sell chickens because the 
chickens which they have sold lived 
and thrived. 

In the season of 1922 there were 
sold from these flocks known to be 
free from white diarrhea, over 250,- 
COO day-old chicks. While the fig- 
ures for the present season are not 
all in, there is every indication that 
there will have been sold over 300,- 
000 day-old chicks. These chicks 
have gone as far south as Virginia 
and as far west as Iowa, and the state 
is establishing a reputation for Rhode 
Island Reds which live well and 
grow well and, when mature, 
lay well. There is every indica- 
tion that this reputation and mar- 
ket will steadily increase and those 



THE DAY-OLD CHICK INDUSTRY 



321 



poultrymen who have foresight 
enough to see the possibilities are 
certain to make money even though 
there comes a time when the compe- 
tition becomes keen, because, previous 
to that time they will have estab- 
lished a reputation in many localities 
for their chicks. 

This phase of the poultry business 
is a very profitable one, and those 
men who have increased their incuba- 
tion capacity and are in a position 
to sell chicks report the best financial 
year they have ever had. 

An example of a successful man in 
the day-old chick phase of the busi- 
ness is Oiver Hubbard of Walpole. 
This young man graduated from New 
Hampshire. College in June, 1921. 
Previous to this time his father had 
carried from 600 to 1000 laying hens 
each season. Young Mr. Hubbard 
went directly home from college to 
assist in the development of the poul- 
try business. The Hubbards have 
now increased the number of their 
laying hens to 1800 per year. They 
have an incubation capacity of 20,- 
000 eggs, and will in all probability 
sell this season over 40,000 chicks. 

Another example is Dr. J. L. Piper 
of Northwood. Up to four years ago 
he was a country dentist. He started 
in the chicken business with approx- 
imately 100 hens, and has developed 
his plant to 1500 laying hens. This 
season he will sell approximately 
25,000 day-old chicks. 

Lewis Hoyt of GofTstown, one of 
the most successful chicken men in 
the state, has been in the poultry 
game for thirty years; he lias kept 
from 1200 to 1800 laying hens, but has 
developed the chick end of his busi- 
ness within the last three years. Pie 
will hatch and sell at least 40,000 
chicks this season. 

Almore Burns, a young man who 
was in the service from the first 
to the last of the war, returned 
to his fafther's farm in Goffstown, 
after being discharged. His father 
had. been keeping about 800 hens; but 



the two, working together, have in- 
creased the business to approximately 
1800 laying hens and will sell this 
season about .300,000 chicks. 

Among others who have developed 
the day-old chick phase of the poul- 
try business are: Samuel Bickford, 
Epsom; William Cole, Fremont; 
David Atwood, Franklin; Frank 
Webster, Farmington ; James Towle, 
Fremont ; Ernest Paige, North 
W'eare; Marion C. Purington, North 
Weare; Russell Hilliard, East Kings- 
ton; T. J. Brackett, Greenland, and 
C. R. Hayes, Dover. 

The average mortality of the chicks 
which were sold from the accredited 
New Hampshire farms during the .sea- 
son of 1922 was less than six per cent. 
Compare this with the mortality of 
fort}' per cent from shipments of 
40,000 chicks into this state from out- 
side hatcheries, and it is plain to see 
that the poultrymen and farmers are 
going to buy more and more chicks 
each season nearer home. There are 
many advantages in such purchases: 
first, we have an opportunity to know 
personally the man who produces the 
the chicks; second, we have an op- 
portunity to see his growing chicks 
and his laying hens several times dur- 
ing the season and to know under 
what conditions his stock is grown; 
third, the shorter the distance that the 
chicks must be carried, especially 
early in the season, the better will 
be the chance that they will live; for 
if the chicks are a long time in trans- 
it and pass through several junction 
points, they are very likely to become 
chilled and once chilled are almost 
certain to die. If the people of the 
state who buy chicks can be per- 
suaded to purchase nearer home, 
everybody — both the producer and the 
purchaser — will be benefited. 

It is significant that orders for next 
season's chicks are already being 
placed. In fact, the men who are 
producing white diarrhea-free chicks 
were unable during the past season to 
hatch enough to supply the demand. 



3X1 



THE ROAD TO LARIAT 

The Story of a Disappointment 
By Grant Carpenter Manson 



EBRA Butte is a roughly conical 
eminence of that striped clay, or 
"gumbo," so peculiar to the semi- 
arid regions of our West. Its so evi- 
dent name was undoubtedly the product 
of an imagination wearied, by overwork 
in the art of giving cognomens. Its 
more gentle or westerly slope looks over 
the hazy distances of the Mizpah Valley. 
At its foot Mizpah Creek, a torrent in 
March, a dry, sun-baked ditch in Au- 
gust, picks its crazy course through the 
valley. There are no trees, with the ex- 
ception of some very old and gnarled 
pitch pines on the crests of the long line 
of hills forming the western boundary 
of the valley, their whimsical shapes out- 
lined against the sky, and some patriar- 
chal cottonwoods growing at intervals 
along the banks of the creek. Every- 
where is the long grass and the brittle, 
blue-green ^age brush of the Cattle 
Country. Over all, broods the intense 
peace of a vast and sparsely populated 
region. 

One summer evening Ben Sharp came 
trudging across the path that leads over 
the summit of Zebra Butte. The valley 
before him lay in the tremendous glory 
of a Montana sunset, the sunset that 
brings with its flaming presence the wel- 
come cool of evening. Twice he stop- 
ped to remove and replace laboriously 
the barbed wires of a fence. There 
were no gate-. He was nearing has 
home. 

Ben surveyed the familiar scene. He 
always did. His homestead appeared 
its best from a distance. There were 
the cornfields and the plot of oats 
(which, by the way, was doing very 
poorly this year), the well-worn path to 
the little spring at the base of a gumbo 
cliff, the vegetable garden, the corral, 
the indifferent barn, and the one-room 
loghoiihe on a rise just above the creek, 
dominating everything. 

A wisp of thin blue smoke rose 



straight into the freshening air from 
t he tin chimney. "Be glad for supper," 
thought Ben. Then : "Awful like to git 
that extry room built on this year. It'd 
shore tickle the old woman to pieces," 
he said briskly. He talked about a re- 
splendent new addition every year, but 
the house still remained a one-room af- 
fair. 

Ben descended the hill and entered 
the barn, whence he fetched a three-leer- 
^itd stool and a pail. He went toward 
the home cow, Bess, who was waiting 
by a fence near the creek. Bess was 
hnicky, and had to be approached in a 
certain gentle manner. Ben was not al- 
ways successful in managing the cow; 
this evening, as usual, it was only after 
much manoeuvering and swearing that 
the sharp, pleasant sound of milk flow- 
ing into a tin pail could be heard. Soon 
Ben's son, Johnny, came dashing from 
the house and watched the milking ab- 
sorbedly, as though he had never seen 
it before. 

When Ben reached the house, with 
his pail of warm milk, he found his wife 
bending over the stove. As they had 
nothing to burn but pitch pine, this stove 
was a miniature kiln, and a constant 
source of distress to Rose Sharp. The 
Stirling heat of the early afternoon still 
lingered in the room. 

Ben took a stoneware basin from a 
nail and washed perfunctorily on the 
damp wooden bench outside the door. 
Two large hens came clucking cautious- 
ly near his feet, ever searching the stray 
morsel. The odour of the supper in 
preparation assailed his nostrils. He 
said: ''Better have some onions fer sup- 
per." 

His wife's voice responded from the 
dim interior of the cabin: "They won't 
be none left, if you don't git to waterin' 
the garden soon. My peas is dryin' up, 
too." 

lien went to the garden and plucked 



THE ROAD TO THE LARIAT 



323 



a handful of young onions from the 
dry,, powdery soil. He placed them in 
a glass on the center of the tahle. Fresh 
vegetables were a luxury to be given 
the place of honour. 

The air grew rapidly cooler, and the 
heat from the stove became less obnox- 
ious. During supper, Rose divided her 
time between trips to the stove and lit- 
tle services to the baby. Dorothy. Rose 
was blond, and one could easily imagine 
that she had been pretty, though a life 
so far from other people had caused her 
to become careless of herself. She was 
the daughter of a farmer who lived in the 
wooded Paradise of the western part of 
the state, in a snug little valley near the 
city of Billings. Her mother came from 
Iowa, and kept house superbly with an 
ice-box and an oil range. As a conse- 
quence Rose felt bitterly toward her 
adopted environment. 

The heavy meal finished, she washed 
the dishes, and busied herself with 
mending, meanwhile indulging her latent 
passion for fashion magazines. They 
were all very old issues, which she had 
collected from time to time. To her 
mind gowns and hats were a rare form 
of beauty — a beauty for which she 
starved. 

Presently an unexpected visitor rode 
up. Rose was pleasantly agitated. It 
was Mrs. Ott, a large, mannish Swede. 
who homesteaded in an energetic man- 
ner a few miles up the valley. She 
greeted them in her harsh, charming 
voice : 

"Hi ! Well, I thought I'd drop in." 
"Yes, do come right in and set down, 
Miz Ott." 

Preliminaries were exchanged, the 
baby admired, and the weather discussed. 
Then Mrs. Ott said: 

"D'you remember Ed Kanzer's wife 
up to Lariat, Miz Sharp? She run the 
Parus Millin'ry Store." 

"Oh ! shore," exclaimed Rose. Mrs. 
Kanzer's store made an irresistible ap- 
peal to her nature. She often dreamed 
of running a millinery establishment. 
"Well, what d'you think?" continued 



Mrs. Ott, "she wants to. sell the store, 
and she wrote me a letter only yester- 
day to buy it. She's a second cousin 
to me by my husband's side. She 
knows I got some money by, eh? Well, 
what with my new hired man an' all, 1 
ain't got the time to run it myself. But 
I been thinkin' it over, an' it's a awful 
good buy. Money in it. Now I got a 
scheme. What if you should go up to 
Lariat and run it, eh, Miz Sharp? You 
all could move to town. I'll buy the 
store, and you don't do nothin' but let 
my brother run yore place, eh?"' 

Rose Hushed. "D'you mean fer me 
to run the Parus Store in Lariat? Mv! 



ain't that grand ! 



■they're kinda 



that 
Ben ?' 



way 



But 1 don't know zT 
could do it, .Miz Ott. But " 

Ben .interrupted: "Why, Miz Ott! 
How did you know we'd ever even think 
of leavin' the ranch an' all?" 

"Well, maybe I shouldn't ask you all. 
But somehow I didn't reckon you'd 
think meanly of it. 'Course there's the 
Linders farther on- — 
restless." 

; "T'ain't that we mind 
spoke Rose quickly, "is it, 

"Course 't'ain't, Miz Ott. It's a good 
proposition fer the woman here. An' 
I ain't been up to town myself fer a 
consider 'ble space." 

Mrs. Ott beamed. "Well, it's got 
good points, shore. You'd be able to see 
yore folks more often, an' I hear z'ow 
they got a fine noo grammar school fer 
the kids, an', what's more, Miz Sharp 
would be makin' good money." 

"Jest how did you say we'd run the 
store, Miz Ott," asked Rose. "I'd like 
to git an idee." 

Ben said : "Got to close up the barn. 
You ladies kin jabber about it." He 
put on an old sweater and ran to the 
barn dancing about awkwardly, as one 
unresponsive to the rhythm of life, his 
joy welling up in this clandestine 
moment. He gazed long and steadily at 
the sky. Clear and opaque, it was 
transfixed with the bright stab of 
myriad stars. 

"Rain, darn you, and water that gar- 



>24 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



den!" lie threatened, waving his arm 
aloft. "In Lariat, you don't need no 
rain, though*" he added. 

When he returned, the women were 
still talking and planning— to Mrs. Ott, 
business arrangements', to Rose, ar- 
rangements about the gates of Heaven. 
Soon Mrs. Ott took her departure, re- 
marking: "I'm shore you'll mid a good 
business with the ladies in Lariat, Miz 
Sharp; and it's a nice, genteel business, 
too. If you decide to go, all will be 
right pleased." 

She rode off into the inscrutable 
night, and the sound of the hoof beats 
of her horse grew faint and were heard 
not at all 

Her proposition was ingenious. She 
had suddenly been burdened with 
an indolent brother. He had want- 
ed a ranch. Mrs. Ott had wanted to 
extend hers. By establishing her 

brother on the Sharp ranch, he would 
not have to begin with virgin soil 
(though the Sharp's ranch was in poor 
condition), and she herself would be 
well on her way to acquiring an adjoin- 
ing piece of land lor next to nothing. 
In fact, it would cost her only the hun- 
dred dollars which Mrs. Kanzer had 
asked for her emporium. 

Rose blew out the lamp, being in 
spite of her excitement, extremely care- 
ful to see that the wick was well extin- 
guished. She and Ben discussed the 
subject volubly and rather aimlessly, as 
do people whom change habitually 
catches unprepared. The plan was a 
direct challenge to the fundamental 
weakness of the head of the Sharp fam- 
ily. Ben was a nomad in spirit. Rose 
breathlessly saw her dream coming true. 
The plan was a challenge to her unhap- 
piness. Eagerly, the two Mizpah Val- 
ley homesteaders reached for the pros- 
trate gauntlet. 

"Ben, all you got to do," said Rose 
finally, "is to go to Miz Ott an' say 
'yes.' Then you mosy up to Lariat and 
see Lem Hullmer; he'll give you back 
that job on the X. P. you had when we 
was married. I kin remember jest as 



plain as day when he fired you. He 
says, 'Ben, I like you first rate. If you 
kin ever come back to me an" prove that 
you been dead sober fer a year, the job 
is yore's again.' We came right out on 
this ranch then, an' you been almost al- 
ways all right ever since ; an' that's more 
than eight year ago come next May. 
You jest tell Lem Hullmer that, Ben 
Sharp, an' everything'll work out grand." 

Thus it was settled. 

Rose got up long before the rising 
sun had burnt away the damp chill of 
the night. She combed her hair in a 
large wave and scrubbed her hands to 
see if the rough, red appearance could 
be done away with. She posed before 
the mirror and imagined herself the 
suave proprietress of the Paris Milli- 
nery Store, lisping affected sentences 
and over-delicately mincing her words. 
Suddenly her husband stirred and she 
hurried about the business of getting 
her little household in order for the 
coming day. Once more the stove 
roared. A kettle of water began to 
bubble and give off little wisps of steam. 

Dawn burst upon the valley, and with 
it came the first waves of the heat which 
was to last throughout the day. Rose 
heard her chickens stirring in the little 
enclosure beside the door, and the soft, 
incessant call of some turtle doves in a 
neighboring cottonwood. In Lariat, 
thought Rose, there was already pleas- 
ant activity and colorful bustle. 

After breakfast, Ben saddled the gray 
mare, Trixie, and rode to Mrs. Ott's 
ranch-house. On his return, he had 
fifty dollars in cash with him, which 
Mrs. Ott had given him (not, indeed, 
without grave misgivings) to close the 
bargain with the widow Kanzer. He 
then left for Lariat, to see Mrs. Kanzer 
and Lem Hullmer. He felt free and 
elated. Rose hovered about him with 
a new injunction for each minute. She 
watched him till his figure grew minute 
and disappeared altogether.... In the 
evening he would return, brimming with 
news, once more a citizen of Lariat 

Dinner over, the cabin was bathed in 



THE ROAD TO THE LARIAT 



32; 



the fierce heat of the noonday sun. At 
this hour, Rose usually rested as far as 
possible from the blistering stove. To- 
day she made some brown sugar can- 
dies. She ate them with an absurd ele- 
gance of gesture. She planned. She 
felt nervous and luxurious, and read and 
reread her fashion magazines. She got 
out a small wicker basket decorated with 
a bow of faded pink ribbon, and gazed 
at the well-thumbed post-cards within. 

She was thus occupied when Mrs. 
Ott appeared. Rose chatted gayly. She 
proposed tea. 

"That'd be right nice if Yain't too 
much trouble," assented Mrs. Ott, taken 
a bit by surprise. 

" "f 'ain't no bother, I'm shore, Miz 
Ott. Tea is sech a refreshin' drink 
of an afternoon, don't you think?" 

Over their tea (which was black as 
coffee) the two women talked of the 
future of the store. Mrs. Ott exclaim 
ed: 

"You jest bet Ed. Kanzer's wife made 
ten dollars in some weeks ! I know her. 
The only reason why she's sellin' it fer 
a hunder dollars is because she's got to 
leave fer Ioway; and she's only got a 
few hats left, anyways, the ladies was 
all so crazy after 'em." 

"1*11 get a few real stylish hats from 
Billings an' copy 'em myself," proposed 
Rose. 

"Yes. 'Course you got to be real 
clever an' smooth an' all.' " She lean- 
ed toward Rose confidentially. "Some 
ladies has told me that you got to call 
'em 'chapoze' to git the real trade !" 

When Mrs. Ott left, Rose lay down. 
She bad been dismayed at Mrs. Ott's 
disclosure. "W'eii, they ain't no cause 
to worry," she decided. "'Guess 1 kin 
be jest as stylish as anybody." 

The long day wore on. The heat 
danced on the parched ground, and re- 
jected in shimmering waves from every 
object. The silence of the afternoon 
was intense, its calm was majestic. 
( bice a far distant bellow drifted across 
the open grange. 

With the coming of the first faint 



coolness of evening. Rose set about pre- 
paring the supper. She descended into 
the cavernous cellar, dug into the side 
of a small hill, whence she brought forth 
some moist bacon and potatoes. She 
opened a fresh jar of choke-cherry jam 
as a welcome to Ben. 

Fifteen minutes, a half hour passed. 
Ben did not come. Stabs of uneasiness- 
struck her in rapid succession. She ran 
the whole sickening gamut from an- 
noyance to worry— to despair. "S'pose 
1 better feed the kids," she said, and 
laid the meal, by now quite cold, upon 
the table. 

Suddenly, as if by intuition, she knew 
distinctly what had happened in Lariat. 
A wave of emotion passed over her and 
left her benumbed. 

The cow, Bess, was lowing. Rose 
threw a shawl oxer tier shoulders and 
went to do the milking. When she re- 
turned to the cabin she found herself 
expecting to see Ben there. Of course 
she knew he wouldn't be. She put the 
children to bed, and walked to a little 
rise behind the house. She was dress- 
ed warmly against the approaching chill 
of twilight. From the rise she could 
see the Lariat road winding, dipping, 
twisting down the valley. On its whole 
length there was no traveler. 

She looked at the glittering side of 
Zebra Butte, its crimson hues paling in 
the fading light. Instinctively, in her 
bitter disillusionment, her first thought 
was of her children. Oh irony, oh im- 
mutability of Fate! LJer boy might 
have enjoyed the advantages of school- 
ing. He might have grown up a fine 
intelligent man. Dorothy might have 
come to maturity in Lariat! Eventually 
she might have gone to parties; Rose 
would have sat up late working on her 
filmy dresses, taking pains that every 
stitch ^vas perfect. Rose was merely 
called upon for one of the sacrifices of 
life. She bowed in submission. 

"J don't know," she spoke aloud, "but 
that it ain't a good deal better this way. 
We tried Lariat once. It ain't no place 
fer us. We've been temptin' Frovi- 



326 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



dence. I wanted that store so bad I 
fergot Ben's failin's. 'Course we got 
some bad troubles to git out of, now the 
money's gone. Ben kin hire out free to 
Miz Ott, an' I kin do somethin'. Any- 
how we still got our ranch. Maybe, 
when we settle up with Miz Ott Ben kin 
build on that bedroom we've wanted so 

long I could uv run that Parus 

Store grand, though ! Some red hangm's 
in the Front Street winders would have 
helped. I kin git nice red repp fer 
twenty cents a yard." 

She shivered a little. Night was com- 
ing on fast. Far down the Lariat Road 
she could distinguish a figure on horse- 



back, moving slowly. As it approached, 
she could hear that the rider was sins-- 
ing in a high, unsteady voice. She 
waited patiently. " 

Ben rode up, smiling vacuously. 1 fc 
gazed at the bright, full moon, just mak- 
ing its appearance behind the butte, and 
sang loudly in an exaggerated falsetto : 

"Give me an angel fer a foe, 
Fix now the place an' ti-i-i-me.'' 

He wore a flaming red silk shirt, its full, 
new folds fluttering in the gentle breeze. 
With difficulty, Rose assisted her hus- 
band from his horse, and led the weary 
animal to the barn. 



THREE WOMEN WHO LEAD 
NEW HAMPSHIRE CLUB WORK. 

The New Federation Officers 



FTER a hard-fought battle, the 
% Sheppard-Towner bill passed the 
New Hampshire Legislature. A 
bill calling for the removal of the state 
supervision system in connection with 
public schools in the state was killed: 
two facts which are very simple in 
themselves, but significant because they 
mean that for the first time in New 
Hampshire's history the organized power 
of the women's opinion has been suc- 
cessfully marshalled and their voice has 
been heard with no uncertain accents in 
the halls of the lawmakers. The first 
time — but not the last, for as the wo- 
men's clubs through the state are tend- 
ing more and more to become civic clubs 
instead of literary or culture clubs 
they naturally take more active part in- 
state affairs. According to some, the 
task of steering an even course between 
patisanship on the one hand and inef- 
fectualness on the other is a very grave 
problem. But when one meets the of- 
ficers recently elected to guide the State 
Federation of Women's Clubs, one feels 
that here are women who, by sheer 
force of common sense and good judg- 



ment, can meet that problem and dis- 
solve the difficulties. The officers of 
the Federation, representing as they do 
14,000 club women of the state— 14,000 
of the most intelligent, most public 
spirited women in New Hampshire — 
are more than ever before important 
public officials in the state. The entire 
board is worthy of notice, but space- 
here allows for the introduction of 
three only, the President, and the first 
and second Vice Presidents. 

Mrs. Clara Fellows 

President 

^HP HE Federation is going to do just 
-"- what it has always done: carry 
on -legislative work for measures 
benefitting women and children. We 
have always stood for education and we 
are going to continue to stand for it 
even if it means fighting for the educa- 
tional system we have helped to build. 
We are solidly behind any measure 
which benefits women and children. If 
the Federation relinquishes its practice 
of working for legislation along these 



THREE WOMEN WHO LEAD NEW HAMPSHIRE CLUB WORK 



327 



lines, it becomes 
a bee without a 

sting." 

Mrs. Fellows, 
President of the 
New Hampshire 
Feci era lion of 
Women's Clubs, 
spoke with di- 
rectness and 
conviction, two 
qualities which 
are characteris- 
tic and which 
have undoubted- 
ly contributed to 
her success, not 
only in women's 
club work, but 
also as the head 
of a successful 
insurance busi- 
ness in Tilton, 
and even, per- 
haps with that 
Sunday School 
class of boys of 
whom she is so 
proud, and who 
evidently hold her also in affectionate 
regard. "If one of them gets a new 
bicycle, he has to come up right away 
before breakfast and show it to me," 
she says. 

But Mrs. Fellows is not mainly con- 
cerned with the problem of the place of 
the Federation in political matters. That 
is only one phase of the work. 

"Last year the clubs of the state spent 
$25,000 for charities and welfare work. 
There is scarcely a movement in Xew 
Hampshire which touches education or 
state development or public health which 
does not owe a large debt to the Xew 
Hampshire Federated Clubs. The Chil- 
dren's Aid and Protective Society re- 
ceived much .help from the Federation 
early in its history. Now we hope that 
the Sherman Burroughs Fund will pro- 
vide for that work so that the clubs can 
go forward to other pioneer fields of 



Mrs. 



Clara Fellows of 
Federation of 



service. The 
Scholarship 
Fund of the 
Federation, ably 

managed by 
Mrs. ' Hill of 
Concord, touches 
another state 
problem. It 

helps Xew 

Hampshire girls 
to get an educa- 
tion, with the 
stipulation that 
the service ren- 
dered by the 
Federation to 
the girls, be 
passed along by 
the girls in ser- 
vice to the state. 
Forestry, the 
Audubon So- 
c i e t y. Tuber- 
culosis preven- 
tion work, Hos- 
p i t a 1 s, Red 
Cross, Near 
Fast Relief— 
these are a few of the things the clubs 
are interested in." 

For the future. Airs. Fellows has 
many interesting plans. She hopes to 
work out some educational conferences 
for club women, conferences in which 
club members can receive instruction, in 
concentrated form, in the many matters 
pertaining to club work. She hopes also 
to organize junior clubs which will in- 
terest young girls in the work of the 
Federation. 

" 'There are too many gray heads and 
too few brown' — That's a criticism 
which is frequently made," she said, 
"and we are going to try and build into 
the Federation the enthusiasm of young 
people. We n^cd it." 

We predict that this enthusiasm will 
be forthcoming in large measure, and 
that, under Mrs. Fellows' guidance, the 
Federation, already a factor in Xew 



Tilton 

Womer 



President 
s Clubs. 



State 



328 



THt Granite monthly 



»,*■;»-;,•«-'- "~ ;T' 



Mrs. G. E. Speare of Plymouth, 
First Vice President. 

Hampshire affairs, will go forward to 
even broader fields of usefulness. 

Mrs. G. E. Speare 
First Vice President 

'ODESTV is a rare virtue. Con- 
sequently the very evident reluc- 
tance of Mrs. G. E. Speare of 
Plymouth carried a rather refreshing 
sensation to her interviewer. The 
memory of a prominent legislator who 
protested vigorously against having his 
picture appear in a certain publication 
while he sidled eagerly toward the door 
to pose for said picture, came back in 
marked contrast to the sincere objection 
of Mrs. Speare which revealed itself in 
her manner rather than her words. 

Extreme caution seemed to govern 
Mrs. Speare's statements concerning the 
New Hampshire Federation of Women's 
Clubs of which she is first vice-president. 
That caution is evidently characteristic, 
for she declared her opinion very firm- 



ly against too much participation in 
political issues by her organization. "I 
should prefer," said she, "that we en- 
dorse only a few measures and do so 
effectually because we are united, than 
to participate in many political struggles 
and run the risk of sacrificing the har- 
mony which now exists among us." 

As an illustration of this point, Mrs. 
Speare mentioned the active efforts of 
the Federation for the child welfare 
measures of the last legislature as well 
as their opposition to the repeal of the 
present system of education. ''We 
could support them unitedly," she said, 
"for they were measures which really 
affected the welfare of children." 

The vice-president's greatest anxiety 
seemed to be the task of keeping the 
Federation away from partisanship. "I 
am connected with no party," she said, 
"and I do not wish to be, for I feel I 
can do my work more impartially by 
keeping clear of partisanship." In re- 
ply to a question concerning the possi- 
bility of keeping the organization non- 
partisan Mrs. Speare predicted very con- 
fidently that it could be done. "We 
have strong Republicans and equally 
strong Democrats," she said, "but they 
unite on real issues for which women 
should strive." 

Those opponents of women's partici- 
pation in political life on the ground that 
it injures the home should visit Mrs. 
Speare in hers. They would find a 
woman in whom a keen intellect and a 
penetrating glance detract nothing from 
a quiet charm and grace. They would 
doubtless meet her husband, Plymouth's 
popular superintendent of schools, who 
would make a few jocose remarks about 
his wife's work in the club — but the 
pride in his lace belies his words. They 
would read the "New Hampshire Fed- 
eration Bulletin" of which she is the 
founder and editor, feel the stimulation 
of her lively interest, and come away 
wondering whether they had interview- 
ed her or she had interviewed them. 



THREE WOMEN WHO LEAD NEW HAMPSHIRE CLUB WORK 



329 



Mrs. George F. Morris 

Second Vice President 

OUR first meeting with Mrs. Morris, 
Second Vice President of the Fed- 
eration, was it] the narrow dark passage 
which goes down under the Aziscoos 
Dam. The second time we saw her, 
she welcomed us into the refreshing 
coolness of her home in Lancaster and 
introduced us to her cat and dog. And 
on hoth occasions our impression was 
of a capable and gracious personality, 
informal and genuine. She seemed to 
us a woman who accomplishes much be- 
cause she is careful of detail but never 
so meticulous that the drudgery of a 
task obscures its larger phases. That 
is a good quality for the officer of any 
organization. 

We spoke a little of the question of 
the Federation's stand in regard to 
political affairs and found Mrs. Morris 
in entire agreement with the other of- 
ficers of ihe Federation. 

"The representation of the clubs on 
the executive board is very widely dis- 
tributed. We have also the district con- 
ferences and the president's conference 
which takes in the presidents of the 
clubs throughout the state. It is not dif- 
ficult to get a very exact consensus of 
opinion on any issue without actually 
taking a vote of each club." 

Like the other members of the board, 
Mrs. Morris recognized the dangers of 
too much participation in political af- 
fairs on the part of the Federation, but 
she felt that these were slight compared 
with the advantages which come from 
making it possible for the Federation 
to accomplish needed reforms and to 
work for the welfare of women and chil- 
dren through the channels of legislation. 

Mrs. Morris is particularly interested 
in the possibilities of the Women's clubs 
as agencies for civic betterment. 

"If Lancaster wants anything done, 
the town calls on us," she said. "The 



■ 







' 



Mrs. George H. Morris of Lancaster. 
Second Vice President 



last thing we accomplished was to se- 
cure the lighting of our park. The 
things a club can do for a small com- 
munity are numberless, and the ten- 
dency seems to be for clubs to realize 
this and turn their attention more and 
more to civic affairs. The old literary 
study club is being replaced by the civic 
club." 



The officers of the New Hampshire 
Federation of Women's Clubs elected at 
its annual meeting in May were : — 
President, Mrs. William B. Fellows, 
Tilton; First Vice President, Mrs. Guy 
S. Speare, Plymouth; Second Vice Ply- 



reside 



nt, Mrs. Georgr F. Morris, Lan- 



caster; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Grace 
W. Hoskins of Lisbon; Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. C. M. Ingalls of Tilton; 
Treasurer, Mrs. James H. Weston of 
Derry; Auditor, Airs. Harry -W. Car- 
penter of Mi! ford. 



33c 
AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS 

Co M PI LED BY A RTH UR ]o II N SO X 



Ralph Waldo Emerson once said. 
as suddenly as die thought struck 
him, when he and a friend of his. 
who long ago described it to me, 
were hunting for a lost poem to- 



have been selected, though it is not 

presumed their authors have not. in 
some cases, written other poems 
which to some tastes are of equal 
cr perhaps even greater merit. It is 



getlier: "I should like to have an probable that some, at least of the 

ant'hologv of the one-poem poets!" — poems here published will be collected 

in sympathy with which fugitive later in hook form. Suggestions will 

wish the poems to be published im- he welcome. 
der this heading from month to month A. ]. 



*k 



i 



<o -■-^-h% 



^K 



^5 









. -J 




WITH FLOWERS 

By Emily Dickinson 

If recollecting were forgetting, 
Then I remember not ; 

And if forgetting, recollecting, 
Plow near I had forgot ! 

And if to miss were merry, 
And if to mourn were gay, 

How very blithe the lingers 
That gathered these to-day. 



RENOUNCEMENT 

By Alice Meynell 

I must not think of thee; and, tired yet strong, 
I shun the thought that lurks in all delight — 
The thought of thee — and in the blue heaven's height, 

And in the sweetest passage of a song. 

Oil, just beyond the fairest thoughts that throng 

This breast, the thought of thee waits hidden yet bright; 
But it must never, never come in sight; 

I must stop short of thee the whole day long. 

But when sleep comes to close each difficult day. 

When night gives pause to the long watch I keep, 
And nil my bonds I needs must loose apart, 

Must doff my will as raiment laid away, 
With the first dream that comes with the first sleep 

1 run, I run, I am gather'd to thy heart 



POEMS 



331 



TOE WHARF RAT 

B Y F I TZ -J A Ik ! E S ' B K 1 E N 

The wharf is silent and black', and motionless lie the ships; 
The ebb-tide sucks at the piles with its cold and slimy lips; 
And down through the tortuous lane a sailor comes singing along, 
And a girl in the Gallipagos isles is the burden of his song-. 

Behind the white cotton bales a figure is crouching low; 

It listens with eager ears, as the straggling footsteps go. 

It follows the singing sailor, stealing upon his track, 

And when he reaches the riverside, the wharf rat's at his back. 



A man is missing next day, and a paragraph tells the fact; 
But the way he went, or the road he took, will never, never be tracked! 
For the lips of the tide are dumb, and it keeps such secrets well. 
And the fate of the singing sailor boy the wharf rat alone can tell. 








^£5-: 



-..^s:.: :^mr^ 



~^X <: 



^-yss 







■\vv 






3X 



> I 



' 



L. 



. c ..i r& : 



-4 



Air. Gould in a promising block of Mcintosh. 



GOULD HILL FARM 

How a Fine Apple Orchard Grew from Small Beginnings 

By G. F. Potter 



GOULD Hill Farm lies at the 
summit of the great bluff east 
of Contoocook, N. H. Through 
the rows of fruit trees one may look 
down into the valley with its winding 
river and the white houses of the neat 
New England village. Beyond, the 
hills roll upward to the distant blue 
summit of Mount Kearsarge. 

One day in the summer of 1379 a 
man drove his horse slowly up the 
steep hill road and into the dooryard 
of the farm. It was no other than 
Charles II. Pettee, now Dean of the 
University of Xew Hampshire, then 
a young man just beginning his long 
term of service with the institution. 
His errand that afternoon was to gar- 
ner one or two more students for the 
little school then at Hanover. It was 
before the days when agricultural 
colleges were popular. 



"I remember it as distinctly as if 
it were yesterday," says Robert T. 
Gould, the 18-year-old lad, whom 
that afternoon the Dean sought to in- 
terest in his school. But the boy was 
not to go. Although he was fifth in 
a family of seven, the older boys had 
left the hillside farm. They had gone 
as members of that army of the "Iron 
Breed" which for years has flowed 
from the hill farms of New England 
into the ranks of business and pro- 
fessional men of the cities. The 
father, for forty years an old-fash- 
ioned schoolmaster, was failing in 
health and unable to take care of the 
farm which had occupied his atten- 
tion during the summers. Three 
years later, at the age of twenty-one, 
Robert took charge of the farm, and 
when he was twenty-seven it became 
his by agreement. This does not 



GOULD HILL FARM 



333 



mean that he paid off the other heirs. 
The care of the old folks went with 
the farm and the responsibility was 
greater than the value of the eighty 
acres on the hill. The others simply 
signed off without compensation. 

in those days beef production had 
been one of the leading lines of in- 
dustry throughout the country, but 
it had been overdone and become un- 
profitable. The young man there- 
fore turned to dairying as a most 
promising line of business to make 
the old farm pay. From small be- 
ginnings a herd of thirty to thirty - 
hve Guernsey cows was built up. 
With his own hands he made butter,, 
which was delivered to a private 
trade in Concord for a period of fif- 
teen years. Two things bespeak the 
quality of the work which was put 
into the industry. At the end of the 
fifteen years the original customers 
were still upon the list and Mr. 
Gould still shows a bronze medal of 
the World's Columbian Exposition. 
His product stood, third among all 
samples of dairy butter exhibited at 
this world's fair. 

Good, but not exceptional- returns 
from the dairy business paid the way 
and made it possible to build a new 
home on the hill, a home constructed 
with all the substantial honesty which 
characterizes New England houses of 
that period. When the responsibility 
of the parents was no longer upon his 
shoulders, he brought his bride to 
this new home. 

It was in 1901, that an almost ac- 
cidental occurrence changed the 
course of progress at Gould Hill 
Farm. Here and there beside the 
stone walls and in rocky places unfit 
for other purposes, seedling apples 
had sprung up and, with typical New 
England thrift and skill, had been 
grafted over to Baldwins. Mr. Gould 
is still a master of the art of top- 
working. Each year uncared for and 
without encouragement these old 
trees contributed a small amount to 



the income of the farm, 



generally 



enough to pay the taxes. But in the 
spring of 1901 it happened that there 
came a period when the other work 
of the farm was done and Mr. Gould 
and his hired man spent a day or two 
in pruning these old veterans. Then 
they hauled out a few loads of stable 
manure and scattered it about the 
roots. A year later, responding to 
the first encouragement that they had 
ever known, the old trees produced 
400 barrels of good Baldwin apples, 
which returned an income of $800. 
In 1903 they bore again and pro- 
duced 300 barrels which sold for $700. 
The sum of $1500 was not to be de- 
spised and it seemed to have come al- 
most as a gift- 
Robert Gould was then more than 
forty years of age. Many a man 
would have hesitated to turn his hand 
to the planting of a large orchard, 
knowing that it would be many years 
before his trees would reach their 
prime. But one hundred Baldwins 
were set out that year and the follow- 
ing year one hundred Ben Davis. 
The Ben Davis trees for one reason 
or another failed to thrive and soon 
were replaced with more Baldwins. 
Two years later the borers came and 
well-nigh nipped the new project in 
the bud. They were discovered just 
in time, the trees properly cared for 
and the orchard continued to thrive. 
Having set his hand to the plow Mr, 
Gould never looked back. Steadily 
year by year, the plantings were in- 
creased, never by large amounts, fre- 
quently two hundred trees a season, 
until today 2200 trees crown the 
crest of the bluff. 

Approximately one-half of these are 
of the old standard Baldwin variety 
which reaches perfection in this re- 
gion. About 500 are of the newer 
favorite, Mcintosh; and 400 of the 
earlier variety, Wealthy. Approxi- 
mately 150 Gravensteins, 50 Williams 
Early and 30 Spy complete the list 
of the varieties which are planted in 



534 



TlIE GRAHITE MONTHLY 



m 



1 i ...:. j 










"i -~> 












The Gould homestead: A home constructe 
characterizes New 

quantity, although there are repre- 
sentatives of many others. At a re- 
cent fair Gould Hill Farm was repre- 
sented by a collection of twenty- 
seven different kinds of fruit. "If 1 
were planting today," said Mr. Gould, 
"I would plant Williams Early, 
Gravenstein, Wealthy, Mcintosh and 
Baldwin. This gives a succession of 
varieties with which one may utilize 
his picking and packing crew from 
August until the first of November."" 
As the orchard has grown, the at- 
tention given to the dairy necessarily 
decreased. Still Mr. Gould dues not 
believe in having all his interests in 
one line of farming and a smr.ller herd 
is still kept upon the farm. Today it 
consists of sixteen pure-bred or high- 
grade Guernsey cows all tested and 
certified to be free from tuberculo- 
sis. Within a short period it is 
probable that this herd will be upon 
the government accredited list. The 
butter route was long since discon- 
tinued and for many years the pro- 
duct of the herd lias been .sold as 
whole milk. There are times when 



d with all the substantial honesty which 
England houses. 

the rush of orchard work makes it 
impossible to do justice to the cows, 
but most of the time the two in- 
dustries go well together. 

Practically all of the orchards are 
now in sod, the .system of culture 
which appears best adapted to the 
rolling hillside orchards of Ne»v 
Hampshire. Most of the trees were 
cultivated during the first three to 
four years after they were set out. 
At the present time most authorities 
recommend that trees in .sod be fer- 
tilized generously with nitrogen either 
in the form of stable manure or as ar- 
tificial fertilizer and this practice Mr. 
Gould is following conscientiously 
with the result that his trees are 
thrifty and promising. 

Although at the outset there were 
relatively few insects and diseases to 
affect the fruit, spraying soon became 
an essential part of the fruit-growing 
operations. The lad who was denied 
a college course came to his state 
institution and there gathered the es- 
sentials of preparation and applica- 
tion of sprays. For a number of 



GOULD HILL FARM 



335 



1 V 






-v,-4. 



• v;t 



si 






H£f& are some of the original trees which started Mr. Gould in the fruit business. 



years be was a regular attendant at 
the ©esfi^week farmers' courses at the 
coh££&. His first sprayer was a bar- 
rel Map, a small machine but effi- 
cient in the hands of one who is not 
afraidi •: : work. When this had be- 
come inadequate, there followed the 



for 



am 



I..? 



ot 
greater 



nd-lever pump af- 
ressure and more 



As 
1 1 



be 

used and at 

GouLJ has a large 4 H. P. machine 



came into 
sprayer was 



more trees 
H. P. 

present time Mr. 



the 



or tnve most mod' 



a type. 



As me orchard on Gould Hill Farm 
increased in size and importance it 
came -to the attention of the horti- 
culmiisis at the State College, wdio 
begaaa 4© make a practice of visiting 
h "freest time to time. Thus Mr. 
Oould has had at his disposal the 
I eit i<Jv:ee upon the various- problems 
tvhicfs He has had to meet. He, him- 
— h\ is a frequent visitor at the Uni- 
versity- campus at Durham and the 
contact between the institution and 
the -firm has become closer as the 
Tears to by. 

Is pzfUry'r.g- Mr. Gould has always 
r} ^:t tpnservative and it is of 



inter- 



est to note that the best authorities 
of the country now hold views very 
similar to those to which he has con- 
stantly adhered. To prune a tree un- 
til the bearing area is very much re- 
duced and to remove from it the fo- 
liage which is essential to growth 
and vigor is not now considered to be 
the best practice. Careful, conscien- 
tious thinning of those branches 
which are so thick that they exclude 
light from the bearing spurs has been 
the policy pursued at Gould Hill 
Farm. 

From the beginning much of the 
fruit from this farm has found its way 
to the foreign markets. "R-T-G" is 
a brand well and favorably known in 
the markets of England. "Notwith- 
standing that~ 25,000 barrels of apples 
of foreign and domestic production 
were on sale, y r ours brought the high- 
est price of the day," wrote a promi- 
nent Liverpool firm who have handled 
the apples season after season. War 
and post-war conditions have made it 
impracticable to ship in recent years, 
but still the buyers ask when they 
will again see the "R-T-G" Brand. 
Practically all the fruit has gone 



rob 



iHE GRANITE MONTHLY 



a&rrels honestly 
At the p res- 
much interest 
England, es- 
erxitory which 
: ::: agencies, ha 
: 5:0:1 box which 
:y as the oblong 
:h Pacific Coast 
„ acked. Many 
at the better 
*w England, if 



from the '"arm : 
and skilfully p^c 
ent time the: 3 
thronghi out X-ei 
pecially in the 
markets through 
the use of the ne? 
is of the same cai 
western box in \ 
fruit is regular- 
growers believe 
flavored fruit of 
packed in a distinctive box with the 
skill and care equal to that used by 
western growers, will find an almost 
unlimited market. This is especially 
true for the earlier arid dessert varie- 
ties such as Wealthy and Mcintosh. 
This package will probably be tried 
for the first time this season on Gould 
Hill Farm and the results will be of 
interest, 

Mr. Gould is very modest regarding 
the returns from his orchard project; 
but it need not be doubted that the 
apple trees have paid and paid well. 
Most of them are only now coming 
into the prime of bearing and the best 
days for this orchard are just ahead. 
Production has readied 1500 barrels 
per season, and much larger crops 
will undoubtedly be harvested in the 
immediate future. 

The story of Gould Hill Farm is 
of tremendous importance. The in- 
come which this orchard has yielded 
thus far is a small matter compared 
to the value of t lie farm today. What 
heir would now sign off, without 
compensation, an interest in the mag- 
nificent orchard on the bluffs above 
Contoocook? J 1. is at interest too 
because it tells how little the trees 
did until the}- were cared for and il- 
lustrates what they may do on many 
another Xew England farm if given a 
chance. When given proper atten- 
tion they instantly responded and 
created a new industry more profita- 
ble than any other which could be 



pursued upon the hill top. 

Generous, kind hearted, and modest 
to the extreme, Mr. Gould has never 
been a man to push himself forward. 
Various, organizations, however, have 
recognized the value of the service 
which he could render. For several 
years he has been active in the Farm 
Bureau movement, both in the local 
organization of his own county and in 
the State Federation. As occasion 
has demanded he has traveled to va- 
rious meetings of this organization, 
even outside of New Hampshire. In 
1922 when the office of President 
of the State Horticultural Society be- 
came vacant through the resignation 
of Stanley K. Lovell of Goffstown, 
Mr. Gould was chosen to head this 
organization. About the same time 
the State Department of Fisheries and 
Game was in need of a man of ma- 
ture judgment to estimate the damage 
to the orchards of Xew Hampshire, 
which had been done through dis- 
budding by partridges in the winter 
of 1921-22. Mr. Gould was engaged 
for this work and gave his services 
to it throughout the summer of 1922. 
His position was one in which no man 
could satisfy all parties concerned, 
but the estimates which he made are 
an example of extreme honesty and 
fairness. The necessity of remaining 
at home on account of a large apple 
crop during the present season makes 
it impractical for Mr. Gould to con- 
tinue the work of last season. How- 
ever, as head of the State Horticul- 
tural Society he has given his labors 
unstintedly during the winter to make 
certain that the fruit growers of the 
state will have a just adjustment of 
their claims for losses which have 
been serious during this past season. 

We must honor Robert T. Gould 
as a fruit grower, a generous friend 
and as a man whose achievements 
have demonstrated the possibilities 
of New Hampshire hills. 



337 



\ 



■ 






Five champions of the Putnam herd. These five cows lead any five cows 
in any herd in the state in butter fat production. 

A GOLD MINE IN JERSEYS 

George M. Putnam's Herd of Champions 

By H. Styles Bridges 



A 



1l 



BOUT two miles from the village 
of Contoocook on the main road 
to Concord, is located the Mt. 
Putney Farms, the home of as fine a 
herd of purebred Jersey cattle as can be 
founjd in the s'ate of New Hampshire. 
and without question one of the leading 
herds in the New England states. 
George M. Putnam the proprietor of 
these farms, is a man well known 
throughout the country. The farms are 
made ud of what were formerly three 
farms, the original farm has been in the 
Putnam family s : nce 1863. being pur- 
chased at that time by Mr. Putnam's 
father. This farm is a historic spot. 
being on the site of the old Putney 
Tavern on the stage route between Ver- 
mont and Boston, in the days before 
railroads came into fashion. The farms 
comprise over two hundred and fifty 
acres of which seventy-five acres are 
tillage. The buildings are typical of 
whad 



liar: 



may be found on many New 



w, 



upshire iarms. 



The history of purebred livestock on 
Mt. Putney farms dates back some 
twenty-five or thirty years to a time 
when the dairy cattle on this farm were 
grades and were not producing and re- 
turning the revenue they should. Mr. 
Putnam realized this fact and decided 
to start anew with purebreds. He made 
a start with Pevons. but in a few years 
disposed of them, and, after some de- 
liberation and .thought, chose jerseys** 
because to his mind they were the most 
economical producers of butter fat. His 
record in late years has amply justified 
this earlv judgment. 

Mr. Putnam began the breeding of 
purebred Jerseys in 1904, at that time 
purchasing four heifer calves from one 
of the best Jersey herds in New Eng- 
land, following this the next year, with 
a purchase of a purebred bull, strong in 
St. Lambert blood, from one of the lead- 
ing herds in New York. His second sire 
was from the famous Dreamwold herd 
of Thomas W. Lawson. This bull was 



338 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



P 



1 s 



i 



"Colonel Lee's Janet" state champion Jersey cow for 
Taken after finishing year's test. Held by George 



all 
M. 



ages in milk production. 
Putnam, Proprietor. 



a double grandson of Flying Fox, and 
a grandson of Fygis, the first prize cow 
at the St. Louis World Fair. The blood 
of this bull nicked finely with that of 
the daughters of the first sire, and it is 
the result of this cross that is largely 
responsible for the many enviable re- 

by animals in the Mt. 

His third sire used in 



cords now held 
Putney herd. 



f 



• ■ 



the development of the present herd was 
one that combined the blood of the pre- 
vious herd sires, and that of the now 
famous Owl Interest family. The pres- 
ent herd, built up from the foundation 
females, purchased in 1904 and 1905, 
and three herd sires purchased at later 
intervals, is one of the very best in the 
country. The herd comprises about 
ninety animals, and holds the 
< majority of the state cham- 
! pionship for the Jersey breed. 



Cows 



11! 



this herd hold the 



- 



"*'■&* 



\\ y* 






"Pretty Ala id's Inez" 



I Jersey cow butter fat champ- 
ionships of all ages, the 
i mature Jersey cow butter fat 
■ championship, the mature Jer- 
| sey cow milk championship, 
i and also the Jersey cow milk 
J championship for all ages, the 
j senior four-year old Jersey 
I cow butter fat championship, 
t, the Jersey cow senior two-year 
old butter fat championship. 
| Members of this herd won the 
first- two gold medals ever 
awarded New Hampshire Jer- 



mgm*T -i^^gm^m 



A GOLD MINE OF JERSEYS 

....... - 



XV.) 






f 



J 



'^^A&,..-J^^'^^-^^> u ^^:^' : ^.k^:J^'A.- 



...... j...- - ._, . .•_ 



"Clever Little Lady" — state Champion Jersey cow for all ages in butterfat production. 
Taken after finishing test. Held by Edward Clay, herdsman. 



i *■ 



seys, and at present the herd is 
credited with two gold medal? and an- 
other gold medal already qualified 
for, and one silver medal. The herd 
herd also has the distinct honor 
of having the only cow in the state, 
Dream's Miss Jane, that holds both 
a gold and silver medal. Clever Litttle 
Lady, one of the greatest cows 
of the breed and the first gold 
medal cow in New Hampshire. 
is holder of the Jersey state 
championship in butter fat pro- 
duction for all ages. She is 
the only cow of any breed in 
New Hampshire ever to pro- 
duce over seven hundred 
pounds fat in two consecutive 
years; her records were 767.99 
and 728.89 pounds of butter 
fat. She was also the leader 
in butterfat production of all 
breeds in cow test work in the 
state for year ending 1923. 
She has the distinct honor of 
being the only state champion 
cow that has a daughter who 






is holder of a state championship. 
Colonel Lee's Janet, another very re- 
markable cow has just finished a record 
of 14,412 pounds milk and 704.27 
pounds butterfat, taking the Jersey 
State championship in milk production 
from one of the cows in the herd 
of Ex-Governor Robert P. Bass. She 



*3££?r ' -~ %% " 






i 



:.■: ::'•■ M 



-■■--■•«« w m 



"Oxford 



: :*3 



Owl's Clever Lucy" — State Champion 
Jersey Senior two year-old. 



340 



HE GRAN 



ITh MONTHLY 



has qualified for a gold medal. 
Oxford Owl's Clever Lucy, a daugh- 
ter of Clever Little Lady, is one of the 
most promising' younger members of the 
herd holding the state butter fat champ- 






ionship as a senior two-yeai 
a record of 7,312 pounds of 
472.66 pounds 
of butter fat 
and whose 
average tost 
for the year 
was 6.46^- . 

Five cows in 
this herd : 
Clever Little 
Lady, Dream's 
Jane. 
Maid's 
Colonel 
Janet, 
I u n e 



old. with 



^^Mlf^i^ M ^ : ' : '^ r 






"pi or CIS 



I 

*....- ... • 



- 



"Dream's Miss Jane." The only Jersey cow in New 
Hampshire to have won both a gold and a silver medal. 



11,404 


545.16 


10,401 


576 


14,412 


704.27 


12,456 


767.99 


12,752 


718.76 



Miss 
Prett\ 
Inez, 
Lee's 
a n d 
Molly 

hold the state 
record for but- 
ter fat produc- 
tion for any five cows in any herd in the 
state. Their records are as follows : 

Milk Butterfat 
Tune Molly Figgis 
Pretty Maid's Inez 
Colonel Lee's Janet 
Clever Little Lady 
Dream's Miss Jane 

Mr. Putnam states that he has always 
borne three things in mind in building 
up this truly wonderful herd. They are 
production, size, and dairy conforma- 
tion, and no one who views this herd 
and sees the records made can doubt 
this, for practically every animal is a 
living proof of the principle he has fol- 
lowed. 

Mr. Putnam, besides his farm duties, 
takes a great interest in public affairs, 
and is considered one of the most prom- 
inent agricultural leaders of the coun- 
try. He is rendering a great service to 
the agricultural world, and holds many 
positions of trust and honor, serving as 
president of the New Hampshire Farm 
Bureau Federation, member of the exe- 






-•-'.' >. • -: . ' S.* ± $*.■.>.' Z 'J. 



cntive committee of the American Farm 
Bureau Federation, member of sub-com- 
mittee American Farm Bureau Federa- 
tion in charge of its principal project. 
co-operative marketing, president Mer- 
rimack Farmers' Exchange, president 
of the Concord Dairy Company, direc- 
tor of the New 
England Milk 
Producers, As- 
~ , ■ . - s '" \i sociation, and 

treasurer of 
the Granite 
State Dairy- 
men's Associa- 
tion. 

Mr. Putnam 
has been for- 
tunate during 
the past few 
years in hav- 
ing as a herds- 
man, a very 
competent 
man in Ed- 
ward H. Clay. 
Mr. Clay's skill as a feeder and care- 
taker has much to do with the fine 
record of the Putnam herd. 

One of the things that has helped Mr. 
Putnam in the selection of his stock and 
in the building up of his present herd, 
is, that since 1904. each milking from 
every cow has been weighed as regular 
as clock-work, tests made for butter fat 
monthly, and feed records computed. 

The present herd is a combination of 
Owl Interest, St. Lambert, Oxford Lad. 
and Flying Fox blood and to which Mr. 
Putnam will introduce still more OwJ 
Interest blood, because he feels that the 
ordinary farmer, dependent upon pro- 
duction for profits, can best secure it in 
the blood of this famous family. To 
carry out this idea, he recently purchas- 
ed, at the Sibley Farms, the foundation 
head of Owl Interest Jerseys, a young 
bull to be the future herd sire 
of Mt. Putney Farms. This young 
sire is an excellent individual show- 
ing fine conformation, being backed 



A GOLD MINE OF JERSEYS 



341 



by animals of gre^t production. 

Very few herds in this country, have 
records that rank better as far as butter- 
fat tests are concerned than the Putnam 
herd. The average test runs around 
5.5; many of the individual animals 
testing between 6 and 7 per cent as a 
yearly average, and often individuals 
run up as high as 8 or 9 per cent at vari- 
ous times ill their lactation period. 

One thing that appeals to every farm- 
er familiar with this herd, is the fact 
that all records have been produced un- 
der ordinary farm conditions, such as 
can be duplicated on practically all New 
Hampshire farms, and still another 
point of interest is the fact that every 
individual in this herd that holds a re- 
cord or championship h?s been bred and 
reared on Mt. Putney Farms. 

All the roughage fed is produced on 
the farm. This consists chiefly of clover 
and mixed hay, corn silage and some 
root crops. Potatoes and other cash 
crops are raised as r side line. 

The dairy products are marketed in 
the near-by city of Concord, and are 
sold to the Concord Dairy Company, the 
Farmers' co-operative dairy that has 
recently been formed in that city, and 
of which Mr. Putnam is president. 

The surplus young stock is readily 
disposed of, for out-of-state as well as 
New Hampshire Jersey breeders look 
with favor on this herd, and are eager 
to introduce this blood into their own 
herds. Young bulls from this herd 



head man}- of the best Jersev herds of 
the state, and everywhere Mt. Putney 
Jerseys reside will be found records in 
the economical production of butter fat. 

The Putnam herd is a fine example of 
how a farmer of ordinary means can 
develop a purebred herd at compara- 
tively small cost. This can be attribut- 
ed to Mr.. Putnam's excellent judgment 
in the breeding of Jerseys; and by the in- 
troduction of new blood through the pur- 
chase of purebred sires backed bv hieh 
production, and not by purchasing high- 
priced females as is the plan followed 
on many farms ; keeping careful records 
of the production of each individual 
animal and eliminating all except the 
most profitable producers. One of the 
best proofs of the standard reached at 
these farms can be gained from one of 
the pictures in connection with this arti- 
cle, showing the five cows who have 
produced, under ordinary farm condi- 
tions, 61,425 pounds of tnilkj, and 
3,312.18 pounds of butterfat in one year. 
The animals of the herd all show ex- 
cellent dairy conformation and quality 
and are exceptionally large for animals 
of this breed, and to go with this, they 
are all producers. 

Every lover of good stock, and es- 
pecially Jersey enthusiasts, should make 
a trip to Mt. Putney farms, for right 
here in New Hampshire on this hillside 
farm, we find one of New England's 
finest herds of dairy cattle and a real 
gold mine in Jerseys. 



"THREE SENTINELS OF THE NORTH" 



Mr. William Sidney Rossiter presi- 
dent of the Rumford Press and Asso- 
ciate Editor of the Granite Monthly, 
has an article in the July Atlantic 
Monthly, which should be widely read 
in New Plampshire. Its title, "Three 
Sentinels of the North." refers to the 
three North New England states. Mr. 
Rossiter points out the decadence of these 
states and its reasons. Then, with busi- 
nesslike precision he outlines a con- 



structive remedy. The foundation of 
this remedy is in the love of hill folk 
for their hills. 

"There's no escaping the fact that the 
man born in a land where he looks off 
at the sunrise or sunset across wide- 
sweeping hills and valleys, or watches 
the clouds break on the mountain-tops, 
is different from the dweller on the 
plains ; and wherever you place him, he 
never forgets the old place." 



3</£ 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Conducted by Vivian Savacool 

Old Crow 

By Alice Brown 
The Macmillari Co. 



ERHAPS the first thing to say 
about "Old Crow" is that it is a 
thoughtful book. It deals with 
characters who by the depth and quality 
of their thinking force us to face their 
problems and think too. The author 
presents to us John Raven, a man about 
forty-five years old, home again in Bos- 
ton after service overseas with the Am- 
bulance Corps. Raven expected to find 
the high ideals, the visions, and the 
dreams of the World War made per- 
manent through the supreme sacrifice of 
millions. We all know what he did 
find and have felt with him regret for 
the lost idealism, but his disappointment 
was more destructive to his peace of 
mind than ours because of his unusual 
sensitiveness to the suffering of others, 
which all his life has dominated his ac- 
tions. ]n the case of Anne for instance, 
who, although she is dead before the 
story begins, continues to influence the 
lives of those who knew her as force- 
fully as when living, Raven, since he 
could not return her love, did all in his 
power to please her and save her further 
suffering. 

Raven's reaction to the war takes the 
form of a complete dissolution of his 
religious beliefs. The world seems to 
him a cruel place filled with fear. Every- 
thing is an indictment against God who 
allows suffering, who made men un- 
merciful to one another, and with men 
and animals alike pitted the strong 
against the weak. Only Nan, Anne's 
niece, who served with Raven in France, 
who loved him as a child and continues 
to love him as a woman, can understand 
his mental turmoil and his decision to 
retire from life by going to Wake Hill 
his childhood home. One of the gleams 
of fun in the book is the way in which 



Raven's decision is interpreted bv 
Amelia his sister and her son, Dick, 
They believe him to be suffering from 
shell shock and assume a patient watch- 
fulness and forbearance which is as 
amusing to the reader as it is exasper- 
ating to Raven. Another smile, with 
which however admiration is mingled, 
comes when we meet Charlotte and 
Jerry, the caretakers of Raven's farm, 
who through their stability and love help 
Raven out of his painful maze. 

But Raven, retiring from life to es- 
cape its suffering, found what he consid- 
ered the most awful of all indictments 
against God, Tira. Tira was a woman 
so beautiful that she must always be the 
prey of men, so good that she could only 
find suffering in her beauty and in the 
insane jealousy it incited in her husband. 
Our horror for Tenney is mingled with 
pity for a man whose self-control is in- 
adequate to restrain his emotions, in 
whom understanding and trust form no 
part in the love he bears his wife. From 
his over-powering jealousy Tira des- 
perately tries to protect her baby, far 
dearer to her than her own life. 

On a nearby hilltop is a hut built fur 
a home by Raven's uncle, who was 
thought crazy and called Old Crow, 
partly in ridicule, partly in love, by the 
people he devoted his life to helping. 
The climax and greatest strength of 
the book lie in the journal of Old Crow 
which he wrote for ''the boy," little 
Raven, to explain to him when he grew 
up why he had left the world, what he 
had found out about God and eternal 
life,— in short, to pass on to Raven the 
asurance he had found that "God is. 
He lives, and is sorry." Raven finds 
that, just as Old Crow, through drunk- 
en Billy Jones, found the truth, so he 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



343 



in the hut through service to Tira, Ten- 
ney, and Eugene Martin can at last- 
reconcile the world and God. 

Through all the story of Raven's dif- 
ficulties the lives of the other characters 
are skillfully .woven contributing to his 
life and developing individually until 
they all emphasize the point made by 
Old Crow that God is found through 
service to others. 

If the complications of post-war con- 
ditions, the restless uncertainty and 



doubt with which the world seethes, has 
stirred you, you will be helped as Raven 
was by Old Crow's sweet philosophy. 
If your faith has remained firm, you 
will find in "Old Crow" new courage 
and inspiration to answer those who 
constantly attack your beliefs, disturb- 
ing your peace because of your inability 
to answer their doubts satisfactorily to 
yourself and to the inner feelings we 
have which are very much stronger 
than reason. 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About the Best Mountains 



ff*% 7"ES, it's a good mountain," said 
| the north-country man, as he 
looked appraisingly at the rough 
old mountain giant who is the leading- 
social lion of the summer coteries at 
Marlboro, Jaffrey, Dublin and vicinity. 
"Yes, it's a good mountain. But we've 
got a Monadnock up our way — just over 
the Vermont line it is — that's a sight 
better mountain." 

"You mean higher?" we asked. 

"No, better." 

"More beautifully shaped?" 

"Just better." 

And, although we smiled at the in- 
defmiteness of his comparison, we un- 
derstood. Who dues not know that 
some mountains are better than others? 



their mountain was the one which 
brought luck to the U. S. navy. Which 
county was right? The controversy 
smouldered for a long time, but came 
to debate at last on the floor of the New 
Hampshire Legislature. A proposition 
to change the name of the Carroll Coun- 
ty Kearsarge brought a protest on the 
ground that the battleship had been 
named for the mountain and the people 
were proud of the fact. At this Mer- 
rimack County arose and disputed the. 
claim. Not Carroll but Merrimack had 
the right to glory in that victory. 

The upshot of the matter was that the 
Hon. Gideon Welles, ex-secretary of the 
Navy, was called upon to settle the dis- 
pute. He recalled that the naming of 



And their relative value doesn't depend the sloop-of-war Kearsarge had been in 
on height or contour, either. It's a sub- the hands of his assistant secretary. Mr. 
tie thing, to 'be sensed, not explained. G. Y. Fox. Mr. Fox was approached 

and his opinion, handed down with 

judicial pomp, definitely supported the 
claims of the Carroll County, Kearsarge. 
"Taking everything into considera- 
tion," he said, "it is unquestionably the 



It took the solemn statements of a 
Secretary of the United States Navy 
and his Assistant Secretary to settle one 
question of the relative claims of two finest mountain in New Hampshire.' 



New Hampshire mountains. 

Back in 1864, the rebel crusier Ala- 
bama was sunk by the Union ship Kear- 
sarge. The victor ship was named for 
a New Hampshire mountain. But there 
are two Kearsarges and both Merrimack 
County and Carroll County claimed that 



Why? When Mr. Fox was a small 
boy his father took him to North Con- 
way for a visit of several days. They 
climbed Mount Kearsarge together, and 
that was the boy's first mountain ex- 
perience. Of course there could be no 
"better mountain" for him after that, 



344 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



To our knowledge that's the only 
time two New Hampshire mountains 
have figured in politics. But we see no 
reason why the political parties should 
not make more use than they do of the 
natural partisanship engendered by the 
relative merits of mountains. Once in 
a while one meets indifference similar to 
that of the farmer who refused to get 
excited over the beauty of the sunset— 

"That's just one o' them red 'n' yaller 
sunsets. We have 'em right along up 
here." 

But for the most part you touch a 
responsive chord when you praise a 
man's pet mount: in 
a resident of JatTrey votin 
party whose platform declared that 
Mcnadnock was the best mountain in 
the state? Does it not fire your imagi- 
nation to think of the Republican co- 
horts marching to the polls cheering, 
"Cardigan, Cardigan, Rah. Rah, Rah," 



Can you imagine 



to be niet by the Democrats vigorously 
shouting for "Cho — Cho— Cho-Cho-co- 

rn-a?" 

In some quarters of one party at 
least the hope is being expressed thai 
the issues of the next campaign shall 
deal with internal rather than interna- 
tional affairs. An issue based on the 
relative merits of mountains ought to 
fill the requirements. — H. F. M. 



Announcements 

The Granite Monthly takes pleas- 
ure in announcing that Mr. X orris H. 
Cotton of Warren has joined the staff 
of the magazine as circulation and ad- 
vertising manager. Mr. Cotton was a 
member of the Legislature this winter 
and, although one of the youngest mem- 
bers of the House, his work created 
much favorable comment. 



How shall we win the next election? 
is a question which is exercising the 
minds of both parties already. Three 
Republicans answer the question for the 
Republican party. "More party loyal- 
ty," says George H. Moses, Senior Sen- 
ator from New Hampshire ; "Young 
blood," says Major Frank Knox, Edi- 
tor of the Manchester Union; "A for- 
ward looking policy," says Hon. Frank 
Musgrove, proprietor of the Dartmouth 
Press and publisher of the Hanover 
Gazette. Which one is right? 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 

the Boston Art Museum 



Grant Carpenter Manson is a Wil- 
liams College man who knows at first 
hand the country about which he writes 
in "The Road to Lariat," his home 
being in Michigan. 



Miss Elizabeth Shurtleff, of Con- 
cord, whose drawings are to be a regular 
feature of the pages devoted to the "One 
Poem Poet Anthology." studied art at 



School and at 
After com- 
ber course she worked for some 



The New York Art League. 



pletin 

time in a costuming studio in New York. 



Teaching classes and managing the 
University poultry farm have not kept 
Prof. A. W. Richardson from making 
a definite personal contact with hun- 
dreds of poultrymen throughout the 
state. Most of them know him fondly 
as "Red" — partly because of his par- 
tiality to the Rhode Island breed and 
partly because of the color of his hair. 



Coming to New Hampshire three 
years ago from Wisconsin, Prof. G. F. 
Potter, head of the University Horti- 
cultural Department, at once stepped in- 
to a .position of leadership in the or- 
chard industry of the state. Although 
a young man, he is already winning 
national recognition for important re- 
search work in this field. 



3.¥S 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

A Page of Clippings 



The Value of a Straw 7 Vote 

Straw votes for President are How 
on. A straw vote is as easy and just as 
reliable' as is a guess what weather con- 
ditions will be a year hence. A person 
can bring about a straw vote in favor of 
any individual or policy if he only sends 
his questionnaires to the right parties. 
As a rule the result of straw votes is 
pretty sure to indicate the state of mind 
of the promoter. 

■ — Somersivorth Free Press 



Who Against Hardins;? 

A Boston newspaper man, in town 
this week, wanted to know who was 
New Hampshire's candidate for the 
Democratic presidential nomination ; 
what was thought here of the Henry 
Ford candidacy ; how many friends 
besides Gordon Woodbury has Wil- 
liam G. McAdoo in Xew Hampshire; 
does the strong commendation of 
Governor Al Smith's course by Na- 
tional Committeeman Murchie offset 
the very "dry" position taken by 
State Chairman Jackson? 

A Concord man recently returned 
from a trip to the Pacific Coast, who 
made it a point to read as many 
local newspapers as possible along 
the way, found some reference to 
the Henry Ford candidacy in every 
one of them; most of the comments 
unfavorable to the candidacy, but 
giving it free advertising nevertheless. 

Democrats say that the interest 
taken in the matter of the presi- 
dential nominee of their party indi- 
cates a general belief that whoever he 
may be he will be successful at 
the polls in November, 1924. Re- 
publicans, most of them, reply that 
the reason why less talk is heard 
as to their candidate is because it is 
practically certain that President Hard- 



ing will be renominated and re-elected. 

But when New Hampshire holds 
the first presidential primary of 1924 
we look for a large amount of inter- 
est in it all over the country on the 
part of both Democrats and Repub- 
licans. At any rate it will give us 
a chance to see whether or no as 
New Hampshire goes, so goes the 
nation. - — Concord Monitor 

The Canaan Fire 

Canaan has general sympathy in the 
grievous loss it sustained last Saturday 
by a fire which swept its main village, 
consuming railroad station, the town's 
chief manufactory, hotel, churches, and 
scores of other buildings. Generous aid 
was quickly forthcoming. To the direct 
property loss, approximately half a 
million, must be added that from sus- 
pended business and the expected profits 
from summer visitors. Another loss of 
no slight magnitude is that of the beau- 
tiful trees which lined the streets. They 
cannot soon be replaced. The Canaan 
fire has its lesson for every community, 
and that is that every precaution should 
be taken against the outbreak of fire. 
— Exeter News Letter 



Those who are of the opinion that 
with the close of the war the Red 
Cross became an unnecessary organi- 
zation should take notice of the relief 
it gave to stricken Canaan. The 
New England division, American Red 
Cross, has presented Canaan with a 
check for $5,000; and the rehabilita- 
tion committee will assist the families 
to re-establish themselves. The check 
was payable to the Lebanon chapter, 
as the first installment of such sum as 
may be necessary to carry out the 
relief work. Mrs. R. W. Husband of 
Hanover, division field representative 
and chairman of the Hanover branch 



346 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



of the Red Cn 



Arthur H. H 



ough, 



treasurer of the Lebanon chapter, and 
Mrs. J. H. Wallace of the Canaan 
branch, have been appointed a com- 
mittee to have charge of administrat- 



ing the fund, 



Canaan 



receives 



over a thousand dollars from Concord. 
It is expected that the $10,000 will be 
available through the Red Cross by 
the end of this week. 

— Bristol Enterprise 

The Gypsy Moths 

Now here comes a correspondent in 
the Xews and Critic and stirs us all 
up with the prediction of a poor blue- 
berry crop this summer. The gypsy 
mpths, he says, are playing havoc with 
the blueberry bushes, as well as with 
the apple trees. Darn the gypsy moths. 
This is the worst blow they've dealt 
us vet. — Rochester Courier 



Who Pays the Fine? 

Some rather queer things are being 
told about the few laws passed at the 
last session of the state legislature. 
It looks as if some one put something 
over on the members. For instance 
the lav.* against changing time was 
supposed to be strengthened by add- 
ing a fine of $500 for every clock pub- 
licly exposed which was set according 
to daylight saving. The fine is to be 
assessed against the city, and when 
paid, goes back to the city. There- 
fore, if the city employs its own offi- 
cers to serve the papers, its own 
solicitor to prosecute the case, and 
tries it in its own municipal court, 
we fail to see how the city is greatly 
punished, whether there be one or a 
hundred clocks exposed. Another 
law, which no one this way appears 
to know anything about, will greatly 
increase the number of town poor and 
decrease the number that can be 
charged to the county. The printed 
laws have not yet been announced, 
but it is rumored that other inter- 



esting things will be found when they 
are published. 

Franklin Journal Transcriht 



Hours of Labor 

The ever-existent question of 
hours of labor has attained fresh 
prominence throughout the country 
by the declaration of Elbert H. Gary 
that the employment of steel mill 
workers in twelve hour shifts will 
continue. Against this decision im- 
mediate and vigorous protest is 
made by the Federation of Churches 
on the gound of the moral and 
spiritual degradation, as well as the 
cruel physical exhaustion, which such 
hours of labor entail. 

Charles Rum ford Walker of Con- 
cord stated the issue in the most suc- 
cinct manner possible when, in his book. 
"Steel."' he quoted one of his fellow- 
workers as declaring in regard to this 
twelve hour shift and its accompanying 
high wages, "To hell with the money. 
No can live." 

The steel industry in America is of 
very great importance. It is a large 
factor in the industry and prosperity of 
our nation. But no industry is great 
enough or important enough or essential 
enough to justify murder. And that 
is what the twelve hour shift in the steel 
mills amounts to. 

Judge Gary is an able man. Perhaps 
if he knew both sides of this question 
as thoroughly as he knows one side he 
might change his decision as to the 
necessity and advisability of the twelve 
hour shift. He is too old a man to try 
the twelve hour shift himself. But pos- 
sibly there is some young man in whom 
he is deeply and personally interested 
who would go through it as Charles 
Walker did. If such an experiment 
could be conducted we believe that at 
its end Judge Gary would say in regard 
to his profits and his workers "To hell 
with the money. Let them live." 

— Concord Monitor 



M7 



OUR EDITORIAL BOARD 

Prominent Men Who Will Help Shape the Policy 
of the Granite Monthly 



TO make the * 
G R A N I T E 

Month l y 
a magazine truly 
representative of 

the varied life of 
New Hampshire is 
the single aim of its 
publishers. In work- 
ing out this policy 
the small group up- 
on whom falls the 
task of planning 
and preparing the 
magazine have felt 
the need of counsel 
from the men and 
women who stand 
out as leaders of New Hampshire af- 
fairs. This counsel we have asked, 
and the response to our request has been 
generous beyond our hopes. We are 
very glad to introduce our new hoard 
of Associate Editors, who will help us 
determine the policy of the magazine 
and work with us in making the Gran- 
ite Monthly an increasing power for 
the best good of New Hampshire. The 
names of all the Associate Editors are 
too familiar to need more than a brief 
word of introduction. 

Two college presidents head the list : 
President Ralph D. Hetzel of New 
Hampshire University, and President 
Ernest M. Hopkins of Dartmouth. 
Then come two lawyers of prominence: 
John McLane of Manchester, son of ex- 
Governor McLane, and one of New 
Hampshire's Rhodes Scholars, and El- 
win L. Page of Concord, who dur- 
ing some months of last year acted as 
editor of this magazine. Harlan Pear- 
son of the Concord Monitor, is known 
to all Granite Monthly readers as 



r r- 














The 






G 


RAN IT;. 


Monti- ly 




Edith 


Bird Bass . 


Publisher 


Helen 


F. 


McMillin Managb 


ig Editor 


Norris 


H. 


Cotton 


Advertising 
c illation 


and Cir- 
Manager 




Associaft 


1 Editors 




Ralph 


D. 


Hetzel 


Harlan I 


'ear SON 


Ernest M 


Hopkins George M. 


Putnam 


John 


McLane 


Wm. S. R 


ossiter 


Elwin 


L. 


Page 


Eaton Sargent 






John G 


Win ant 





one-time editor of 
the magazine ; we 
count ourselves for- 
tunate that his ad- 
vice is still to be a 
factor in shaping its 
policy. 

The President of 
the Farm Bureau, 
George M. Putnam, 
who is introduced at 
length on another 
page in this issue, 
stands out as a 
leader in N e w 
Hampshire agricul- 
tural affairs. William 
S. Rossiter, Presi- 
dent of the Rum ford Press, has been 
instrumental in making Concord, N. II., 
the largest center of magazine publishing 
in New England; he is also president of 
the American Statistical Association and 
has this month contributed to the At- 
lantic Monthly a study of Northern 
New England, which is scholarly and 
penetrating. Eaton Sargent of Nashua 
is president of the New Hampshire 
Manufacturers Association; his own 
business in the White Mountain Freezer 
Company, situated in Nashua. John G. 
Winant, formerly Vice Rector of St. 
Paul's School and member of several 
Legislative sessions in both House and 
Senate, is a young man whose influence 
is making itself felt throughout the 
state. 

With the help of these men, repre- 
senting New Hampshire's industry and 
farming, her professional and academic 
life, we feel sure that the Granite 
Monthly is going forward to a very 
bright and promising future. 

— The Editor 



303 



A PREFACE FOR ANY ROOK 

By Carl Holliday 

A thousand times these tilings were said 

Ere they were written here. 
When slaves to Cleopatra read 
From tablets baked, she doubtless heard 
Old tales of lovers, or some word 
Of battles gory and their dead. 
But what of that? Think you she'd sneer, 
"A thousand times these things were said 
Ere they were written here?" 

A thousand times these tilings were said 
Ere they were written here. 

When Plato sat with bowed head 

In columned Athens long ago 

And, with his finger lifted — so, 

Explained the parchment as he read, 

Did he remark with cynic leer, 

"A thousand times these things were said 
Ere they were written here?" 

A thousand times these things were said 
Ere they were written here. 

Aye, so they were, and ere time's sped 

Will oft be told by other bards. 

But what of that ? The playing cards 

Of this old game called Life, when spread, 

Show forms unchanged — yet how we peer ! 

A thousand times these things were said 
Ere thev were written here. 



■jy-Y 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



OLIVER J. PELREN 

Probably no man in New Hampshire 
had a wider acquaintance among the trav- 
eling public in New Hampshire than Oliver 
J. Pelren, manager of the Eagle and Phe- 
nix Hotels in Concord,' who died June A, 
after an illness of some months. 

Born in Concord in 1856, Mr. Pelren be- 
gan his hotel career very early, starting as 
bell-boy in the Phenix hotel when he was 
fourteen years of age. In 1890 he became 
manager of the Eagle and Phenix hotels. 
Daring those days made famous by Win- 
ston Churchill's books, when the politics 
of New Hampshire were managed from a 
room in the Eagle, Mr. Pelren naturally 
became a prominent figure in state affairs 
and the stories which heboid of those old 
campaigns were many and fascinating. For 
the most part he preferred his position, on 
the sidelines to any active part in political 
affairs, but he did serve as a representative 
in the legislature of 1899. 

For many years Mr. Pelren served as 
president of the New Hampshire Hotel- 
man's Association. He was a member of 
the Wonolancet and Snowshoe Clubs in 
Concord, the Derryfield Club in Manches- 
ter and of the Co uncord Council, Knights 
of Columbus, and a charter member of the 
local lodge of Elks. 

He is survived by a son, Harry J. Pelren, 
and a grandson. 



EDWARD E. BROWN 
Edward E. Brown, for many years man- 
ager of the Durgin Silver Company, died 
June 3 at his home in Concord. Mr. Brown 
was born in Concord and educated in the 
Concord schools and in Colin' Academy. 
He was employed for a few years by the 
Boston and Maine, but began his work for 
the William B. Durgin Company in 1898. 
When he was forced to retire because of 
failing health two years ago he held the 
position of manager and member of the 
board of directors. 

Mr. Brown is survived by his second 
wife, Mrs. Josephine Shine Brown, and by 
the two sons of his first wife, Robert Web- 
ster Brown and Richard Webster Brown. 

DR. HARRY W. ORR 
On the eve of his 69th birthday anni- 
versary, Dr. Harry \Y. Orr, a member of 
the Old Time Telegraphers, and for twenty- 
five years connected with the Associated 
Press and International News Service, died 
May 21 at his farm in Marlow. Before Dr. 
Orr took up newspaper telegraph work, 
he practiced dentistry -in western Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a graduate of the Philadel- 
phia Dental College. His widow and one 
son survive him. 



resident for thirty-five years. She was one 
of the earliest graduates of Robinson Fe- 
male -Seminary of Exeter. She is survived 
by one brother, S. S. Dudley of Brent- 
wood. 



JOHN W. SPINNEY 
John Wallace Spinney, who has con- 
ducted a blacksmith shop in Dover for 
more than thirty years, died at his home 
on June first at the age of sixty-three years. 
He was born in Nova Scotia and came to 
Dover forty years ago. He was a mem- 
ber oi Dover Lodge of Elks; Mt. Pleasant 
Lodge of Odd Fellows; Wonolancet Tribe- 
Red Men; Dover Grange and Purity Lodge 
Rebekahs. He leaves a wife, one son and 
two daughters. 



GEORGE S. LOCKE 
On June 1, George Sheldon Locke, a life- 
long resident of Penacook, died in that town 
at the age of 61 years. Mr. Locke or- 
ganized the Fisherville Saw Company. He 
was a member of Horace Chase Lodge A. 
F. & A. M., Trinity Royal Arch Chapter, 
and Alt. Horeb Command ery, K. T. His 
widow and a sister survive him. 



GEORGE McDUFFEE 

On June 3, Rochester lost by death one 
of her most valued citizens, a man who 
had been for many years prominent in 
business and public affairs, George 
McDuffee. 

Air. McDuffee was born in Rochester, 
January 9, 1845, the eighth son of John 
and Joanna Hanson McDuffee. He was 
educated in the Rochester schools and New 
Hampton Literary Institute. In 1879 he 
formed a partnership with John Hanscom 
and for many years they conducted a grain, 
lumber and grocery business. This busi- 
ness was the oldest in Rochester and con- 
tinued for over fifty years. 

Mr. McDuffee was prominent in Masonic 
affairs; a member of Humane Lodge, A. F. 
and A. M.; Temple Chapter, R. A. M.; 
Orient Council Royal and Select Masters; 
James Farrington Chapter, O. E. S.; and 
Palestine Commandery, K. T. He was 
first treasurer of the Knights Templar. 

For many years he was director of the 
Rochester National Bank, an institution 
founded by his father. He was affiliated 
with the Congregational Church. 

He leaves a widow and one son. 



MISS ARIAN'A S. DUDLEY 
Miss Ariana S. Dudley died in Concord 
May 31 at the age of 72 years. She was 
born in Brentwood and had been a Concord 



CLINTON S. MASSECK 
Clinton S. Masseck died at his summer 
residence at the Weirs, June 2, at the age 
of sixty years. Although a native of 
Lowell, Mass., most of Mr. Masseck's life 
was spent in New Hampshire and for more 
than thirty years he was interested in the 
Weirs. For the last seventeen years he 
has conducted the Weirs Gift Shop. He was 
fond of travel and had traveled widely. He 
leaves a widow, one son, and three sisters. 



L ZL;x%J A \jr&\ M. 



of lie Tows of Spllivan, New Hampshire 



The exhaustive work entitled, "History of the Town of Sullivan, New 
Hampshire," two volumes of over eight hundred pages each, from the set- 
tlement of the town in 1777 to 1917, by the Rev. Josiah Lafayette Seward, 
D. D.; and nearly completed at the time of his death, has been published 
by his estate and is now on sale, price $16.00 for two volumes, post paid. 

The work has been in preparation for more than thirty years. It gives 
comprehensive genealogies and family histories of all who have lived in 
Sullivan and descendents since the settlement of the town; vital statistics, 
educational, cemetery, church and town records, transfers of real estate and 
a. map delineating ranges and old roads, with residents carefully numbered, 
taken from actual surveys made for this work, its accuracy being un- 
usual in a history. 

At the time of the author's death in 1917, there were 1388 pages al- 
ready in print and much of the manuscript for its completion already care- 
fully prepared. The finishing and indexing has been done by Mrs. Frank 
B. Kingsbury, a lady of much experience in genealogical work; the print- 
ing by the Sentinel Publishing Company of Keene, the binding by Robert 
Burlen & Son, Boston, Mass., and the work copyrighted (Sept. 22, 1921) 
by the estate of Dr. Seward by J. Fred Whitcomb, executor of his will. 

The History is bound in dark green, full record buckram, No. 42, 
stamped title, in gold, on shelf back and cover with blind line on front- 
cover. The size of the volumes are 6 by 9 inches, 2 inches thick, and they 
contain 6 illustrations and 40 plates. 

Volume I is historical and devoted to family histories, telling in an en- 
tertaining manner from whence each settler carne to Sullivan and their 
abodes and other facts concerning them and valuable records in minute 
detail. 

Volume II is entirely devoted to family histories, carefully prepared 
and containing a vast amount of useful information for the historian, 
genealogist and Sullivan's sons and daughters and their descendents, now 
living in all parts of the country, the genealogies, in many instances, tracing 
the family back to the emigrant ancestor. 

The index to the second volume alone comprises 110 pages of three 
columns each, containing over twenty thousand names. Reviewed by the 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Pvecord and the Boston Tran- 
script. 

Sales to State Libraries, Genealogical Societies and individuals have 
brought to Mr. Whitcomb, the executor, unsolicited letters of appreciation 
of this great work. Send orders to 

J. FRED WHITCOMB, Ex'r. 
45 Central Square, Keene, N H. 



plea*? mention thb granite monthly in Writing AQuer -titers, 









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PORTSMOUTH'S TERCENTENARY POSTEJ 



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n This Issue-WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH OUR RAILROADS: 



20 cents per 



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The Observatory on Garrison Hill. 
Near this spot, the highest point in Dover, the first event of the celebration 

Will take place. 



THE 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 



Vol. SS 




No. 8 



AUGUST 1923 

THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

The Vacation Season Begins 



JULY in New Hampshire means cer- 
tain well defined things : invading 
tourists who swarm up over our borders 
in automobiles, railroad trains, and even 
this year by airplane, which, according 
to the first airplane passenger to arrive 
at the Balsams, is the best means of 
locomotion of all ; summer camps, rang- 
ing all the way from the sophisticated 
art colonies of Peterborough and vicinity 
to the rough and tumble of a camp of 
Boy Scouts ; summer schools, at Keene, 
Exeter, University of New Hampshire, 
etc., where lost time of last winter may 
be recaptured or spare credits piled up 
against the coming year. These things, 
against a background of. fragrant hay 
fields and accompanied by the crackle 
of fireworks and the tramp of military 
feet en route to the summer encamp- 
ment at Devens, mark the month. 

There have been a goodly number of 
meetings and conventions, too. Every 
month is convention month up here. In 
the past few weeks we have had the 
Episcopalians at St. Paul's, the Under- 
takers at Concord, the Pharmacists at 
Lake Sunapee, the Automobile Manu- 
facturers at Dixville Notch, and the 
Unitarians at the Isle of Shoals. The 
Sons of Veterans and the Merrimack 
County Farmers' Exchange have held 
state meetings. The New Hampshire 
Bar Association has entertained a dis- 
tinguished visitor, Ex-Senator Beveridge, 



Bristol, in the closing days of June, was 
organized a State Chamber of Com- 
merce which will undoubtedly do much 
in furthering the progress of New 
Hampshire. 

The Craig Controversy 



CUMMER i« 

O onrl ft) a "P, 



is the season for hornets 
and the Rev. Ora W. Craig, State 
Prohibition Commissioner, discovered a 
most lively nest when he issued his re- 
port of conditions in the state. The re- 
port called attention to some "wet" 
places, with particular emphasis on 
Hillsboro County, and accused some 
local enforcement officers with "unwill- 
ingness to co-operate." The local of- 
ficers, particularly those in Manchester 
and Nashua, were inclined to resent the 
implication and for a time the air was 
filled with recrimination, some of it of a 
personal and undignified character. Mr. 
Craig finally modified his statements and 
the storm passed. But close observers 
of the political situation believe that the 
end is not yet. Mr. Craig is reported 
as saying, "I know that I'm done politi- 
cally because of this. I wanted to arouse 
the citizens of my native state to a sense 
of their obligations toward law enforce- 
ment—but I guess it didn't work out 
quite right." To complain of a discrep- 
ancy in logic between the two parts of 
this statement would be quibbling. How- 
ever, the fact that a new candidate for 



who spoke also in Manchester. And at the mayoralty of Manchester has just 



354 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



announced himself gives force to the 
opinion that the Commissioner lias lost 
out there, Meanwhile the survey of 
New Hampshire made by the federal 
officers reports that the state is the dry- 
est in the country, with one exception. 

Keyes to Try for Re-election 

"JVTOT much of political importance 
-*- ^ transpires in the hot weather, hut 
Senator Keyes' announcement that he 
will be a candidate for re-election an- 
swered the questionings of many curious 
ones. Whether the Senator would have 
chosen this time to make his candidacy 
known if the disturbing Mrs. Poin- 
dexter had not taken it upon herself to 
announce that Mrs. Keyes was to run 
in his place is not certain. 

"The Gypsy Moth" 

A new method of fighting gypsy moths 
-*-*- was tried our at Henniker early in 
the month and the results of the ex- 
periment are awaited with interest. A 
government dirigible, flying over the in- 
fested areas of that vicinity in the early 
mornings, sprayed the trees with a 
poison powder. Although engine trouble 
and holes in the gas hag forced an early 
end to the experiment, sufficient work 
was done so that it may be ascertained 
whether the new method of fighting the 
pest is to be successful. 

Code Commission Appointed 

TpHE Governor and Council have been 
■*■ busy in spite of the hot weather. 
Their most important action, undoubted- 
ly, was the appointment of a commis- 
sion to revise and codify the New 
Hampshire laws. This commission con- 
sists of judge Robert J. Peaslee of the 
supreme court. Judge Christopher H. 
Wells of Somersworth, and Clerk Ar- 
thur E. Kenison of the Carroll County 
superior court. Major Arthur H. Chase 
will act as Secretary of the Commission, 
and in order to accept this position he 
has resigned from his office as State 
Librarian, Miss Alice Pray, for many 
years his assistant, succeeding him. The 



Council has also made a number of other 
appointments, awarded contracts for the 
new buildings at the State Hospital, and 
turned over to E. Wyatt Kimball of 
Concord the job of restoring the por- 
traits in the State House. 



Business Developments 

HP HE Rum ford Press of Concord an- 
*■ nounced this month that they have 
been awarded the printing contract for 
the Youth's Companion. In Laconia, the 
proposal to consolidate five hosiery 
mills is creating much interest. 
It is underwood that a New York syn- 
dicate is behind the proposition. At 
East Mil ford, the new plant of the 
White Mountain Ereezer Company, re- 
placing the one burned last fall, is com- 
plete. Claremont is to have a new in- 
dustry, to be known as the New Plamp- 
s.hire Mop Wringer Corporation. Work- 
on the dam at Bristol is progressing 
rapidly, and at Marlboro authority has 
just been granted to the Ashueloi 
Gas and Electric Company to build a 
dam on the Minnewawa brook. These 
are a few of the month's business de- 
velopments. 

The new hospital at Peterborough 
opened on the last day of June, the ap- 
propriation by the town of Claremont of 
$60,000 for a new school building, the 
proposed building in Rochester of a new 
Episcopal church, these also speak of an 
alert and progressive New Hampshire. 







The 




Granjte 


Monthly 


Helen 


F. 


aIcMillin Managing Editor 


NoRRIS 


H 


Cotton 


Advertising and Cir- 




- 




culation Manager 






Associate Editors 


Ralph 


D. 


Hetzel 


Harlan C. Pearson 


Ernest 


M 


Hopkins 


George M. Putnam 


John R. 


McLane 


Wm, S. Rossiter 


El win 


L. 


Page 


Eaton D. Sargent 


John G. 


Winant 


Raymond B. Stevens 


\^ 






^ 



35* 



WHAT SHALL WE DO \\ 

Shall We Consul 

P at Poland Springs last month 
the Governors of the New Eng- 
land States, with the exception 
of Governor Brown of New Hamp- 
shire, 'listened to the report of the 
joint commission which, under their 
direction, has. during the past twelve 
months, been studying and analyzing 
the New England Railroad problem. 
That report has already created an 
enormous amount of discussion, both 
in the newspapers and among business 
men throughout New England. An- 
other meeting of the Governors in 
August will further consider the re- 
port. The Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission will hold hearing's upon it 
during the week of Sept. 24. And out 
of it all will come, it is hoped, a con- 
structive plan which will put an end 
to our present outstanding transpor- 
tation difficulties. 

Much of the. Storrow report is too 
technical for the lay reader. But the 
main problem of the New England 
railroads comes so close to each citi- 
zen of New England that it is well 
worth while to study the broad prin- 
ciples which underlie the report. 
New England is, of all the sections 
of the United States, the most de- 
pendent upon railroads, the most 
completely at the mercy of freight 
rates. Into these states comes raw 
material brought over the railroads 
from all points of the country ; out 
of these stales go quantities of manu- 
factured articles which must, in turn, 
be distributed over the railroads to 
all parts of the country. Business 
prosperity and effective railroads go 
hand in hand up here. And, sadly 
enough, there are few portions of the 
country where the railroads are less 
stable, less effectual, less adequate. 
New England has four railroads of 
her own. Only one, the Bangor and 
Aroostook, is operating at a profit. 
The Maine Central and the Boston 
and Maine are going along prcca- 



ITH OUR RAILROADS? 

idate or Sell Out? 

riously. The New York, New 
Haven and Hartford, is practically 
bankrupt. How can these roads 
be put on their feet? How can they 
be made assets to New England, in- 
stead of liabilities and heavy weights 
around the. neck of her business pros- 
perity? These are in the main the 
problems confronting the Storrow 
Commission. 

But one must go back a little to 
understand how the Storrow Com- 
mission happened to come into ex- 
istence, and to know why their re- 
port recommending the grouping of 
New England lines under one man- 
agement is more than just Utopian 
theorizing. One must go back, in 
fact- to the Transportation Act of 



1920. To a public accustomed to leg- 
islation restraining large combina- 
tions of capital and to strong opposi- 
tion to many railroad mergers pro- 
posed in past years, the Transporta- 
tion Act of 1920 is avowedly a rever- 
sal of policy. It directed that the In- 
terstate Commerce Commission "pre- 
pare and adopt a plan for the consoli- 
dation of the railway properties of 
the continental United States into a 
limited number of systems." The 
significance of the Act is that- for 
the first time Congress realized that 
it is possible, in pursuing its policy of 
protecting the public from exorbi- 
tant freight rates, to impose such 
onerous conditions on certain branch- 
es of the United States railroad ser- 
vice that they could not possibly 
render the adequate service which the 
public rightly demands. Next came 
the perception that so long as the 
railroads of the country were of such 
differing lengths and strengths the 
determination of fair rates was im- 
possible. A rate on winch a large, 
well-equipped road could operate at 
a profit would not even meet the ex- 
penses of a poorer and weaker road. 
And the solution of this dilemma is 



356 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




The New England Roads 

The importance of New England's railroads in her industrial welfare cannot be 

over-estimated. Here are ■ shown her roads and their connections, the routes over 

which raw material comes to us and our finished products are delivered to their con- 
sumers. 

Reprinted by permission from The Report of the Interstate Commerce 

Commission. 



WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH OUR RAILROADS? 



357 



being sought through consolidation 
of weak roads with strong ones until 
the steam carriers of the United States 
shall be, not 200 roads of varying 
lengths, some rich and some poor, 
but a small number — a score more or 
or less — with a reasonable equality of 
opportunity for service and for profit. 

Having received instructions from 
Congress, the Interstate Commerce 
Commission set about its task. It 
enlisted the services of Professor 
William Z. Ripley of Harvard Uni- 
versity, who is probably the most 
eminent authority on railroads in this 
country. And in August, 1921, the 
Commission made its report, which, 
under the terms of the law was sub- 
mitted to the Governors of the States. 
And here is where the New England 
problem begins to get more compli- 
cated. The Commission report, 
recommending the consolidation into 
nineteen roads, presented three possi- 
ble solutions for Xew England. One 
of these, called the "New England 
and Great Lakes System.'" has not 
received serious consideration. But 
around the other two strenuous 
fighting has been going on ; and the 
end is not yet. Briefly, the problem 
is this: Shall Xew England combine 
her four rather weak roads into an 
all-New England system/ on trie 
theory that in union there is strength 
and with the hope that concentration 
of management can untangle the 
knots in the present systems; or shall 
we give up the struggle, sell out to 
the big trunk lines — the Boston and 
Maine to the New York Central and 
the New Haven to the Pennsylvania — 
and let them 'straighten things out 
and put the roads on their feet? 

Among the chief proponents of the 
New England system is Professor 
William Z. Ripley. This fact is es- 
pecially significant in view of Pro- 
fessor Ripley's connection with the 
Interstate Commerce Commission. It- 
is his opinion that this plan is not only 
better for New England, but that it 



hts in better with plans for the coun- 
try as a whole. As to its ad- 
vantages for this territory, he savs : 

"Every consideration from an operating 
viewpoint favors the Xew England idea. 
Erst and foremost, is the interest of the 
shipper in 'a free choice of routes bevond the 
Xew England gateway. This they have en- 
joyed for many years. But any trunk line 
which assumes the liability of supporting a 
New England . unit will naturally exact cs a 
price that the business of that ' unit, in and 
out. shall, so far as possible, be diverted to 
its own rails. Of this there can be no possi- 
ble question. And unless these outside 
trunk lines thought they could get this busi- 
ness, despite all shippers' rights as to routing, 
to the contrary, they would not consider 
•he proposition for a moment. The same 
objection to the trunk line plan concerns the 
development of the coastwise traffic. Any 
trunk line getting a good foot-hold in New 
England would use every effort to draw that 
traffic to the Southwest or to the Pacific 
Coast, all rail. By every known means they 
would discourage a short haul to the neares't 
seaport, giving up the business thereafter to 
a s'e-'mship line down the coast, or through 
the Panama Canal. Many other considera- 
•-inns. soecial and political, support the New 
England proposition." 

Equally prominent on the other 
side of the question is a colleague of 
Professor Ripley's, Professor William 
T. Cunningham. Professor of Trans- 
portation of Harvard University. 
Professor Cunningham has been re- 
tained as adviser by the Boston and 
Maine and he very naturally looks at 
the situation first in its relations to 
that road. He says: 

_ "It is in the financial factor that the de- 
s : rabi'ity of Trunk Line consolidation is com- 
pelling. With their reserve financial strength, 
funds would be available to make the much- 
needed improvements, particularly on the 
Boston and Maine, in which New Hamp- 
shire has a great interest. A consolidation 
of the Boston and Maine with the Xew York 
Centra! would solve the financial problem 
and should nlace the Boston and Maine in a 
nosition to handle a greater volume of traf- 
fic and give better service." 

There is similar divergence of 
opinion among the railroad heads, as 
shown in their testimony before the 
hearings of the Interstate Commerce 
Commission. As we have already in- 
dicated, the Boston and Maine favors 
the trunk line merger. In taking this 
position, President Hustis makes it 



3bS 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



clear that he takes into consideration 
his cluty to his stock-holders.- A very 
potent argument in his mind is his 
belief that he can bring to the stock- 
holders better returns by selling his 
road to the. New York Central. The 
president of the New Haven road was 
not so sure he wanted to be inter- 
fered with at all. But if some sort 
of combination must come lie believed 
that the only feasible plan was the 
all-New England system. At a meet- 
ing of the New England Bankers As- 
sociation in June, the Vice-President 
of the road declared that there is 
money enough in the New England 
states to support New England's 
transportation systems and ability 
enough to run them : the only ques- 
tion is — Will money bet on brains? 
The fact that the opinion of the New 
Haven was increasingly in favor of 
the all-New England system is mani- 
fested by the formal vote of its di- 
rectors favoring this plan soon 
after the Storrow report. It should 
be borne in mind that the New 
Haven road is in the most precarious 
position of all the New England- 
roads and the most in need of im- 
mediate assistance. The president of 
the Maine Central took no position, 
declaring himself willing to cooperate 
in whatever plan the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission might select. And 
President Todd of the Bangor and 
Aroostoock, while expressing a very 
natural preference for being let alone 
— a preference natural because his is 
the only New England road which is 
earning its way at present — favors 
the New England plan. President 
Todd.- formerly second in command 
in the New Haven road, is in many 
ways the ablest of our New England 
railroad presidents and his support 
of the all-New England plan carries 
much weight. 

It was this divergence of opinion 
brought about by the report of the 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
which led to th? appointment of the 



Storrow Commission, by the Gov- 
ernors of the New England states in 
the summer of 1922. This commis- 
sion was composed of five members 
from each state and was headed by 
James J. Storrow of Massachusetts. 
The New Hampshire members were: 
Lester F. Thurber, chairman; Ben- 
jamin W. Couch, Clarence E. Carr. 
Arthur It. Hale, and Professor 
James P. Richardson. The scope and 
thoroughness of the' Commission's 
investigations cannot readily be grasp- 
ed by one unacquainted with the 
technicalities of the subject and the 
manner in which a study of railroads 
involves, before it is completed, an 
industrial survey of the business of 
the district. For ten months the 
committee has been at work ; and at 
the end of that time made its contri- 
bution to the solution of the railroad 
problem of New England in a 300 
page report copiously illustrated 
with maps and diagrams. 

And the gist of that report is "New- 
England should be allowed to run its 
own railroads." The 'Commission 
sums up the matter as follows : 

''The Committee is satisfied that such a 
compact railroad system as that represented 
in the proposed New England consolidation 
would involve a minimum of the evils, and, 
with conditions as they are in New England, 
would produce a maximum of the benefits 
possible to result from consolidation under 
the nrovisions of the Transportation Act of 
1920. 

''But the Committee believes that such con- 
solidation is neither advisable not equitably 
^^sible until each of the two major New 
England systems shall first have been re- 
habilitated and shall have shown the financial 
2nd operating results it is capable of pro- 
ducing under normal conditions and with re- 
stored credit." 

''New England would like to wear its own 
breeches." says the report : ''We submit that 
it should be allowed to do so. unless a clear 
^a<=e can be made out why one leg should be 
handed over to the Pennsylvania road or the 
Baltimore and Ohio, and the other to the 
New York Central." "It is in the interest of 
eve r v one in New England, whether a shipper. 
^ traveler or a security holder in one of 
th^se roads, that we should get together and 
set our two major systems in order at once." 

One verv significant sentence reads: 

"If New England industries are ever forced 



WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH OUR RAILROADS? 



359 



into a position where they chiefly defend on 
standard trunk line rates, they are bound to 
suffer, but if New England can hold its own 
knife and fork and feed herself to a bal- 
anced ration of standard rates, differentia! 
rates and water rates, we see no reason why 
we should not maintain full bodily vigor and 
continue to meet changing conditions by 
new adjustments of our industries and en- 
terprises." 

The arguments which have already 
been touched upon in Professor "Rip- 
ley's statement are all set forth at 
length in the report. The preserva- 
tion of existing" gateways; the insur- 
ing of continuation of competition in 
through traffic into and out of New 
England ; the continuance of favorable 
differential rates via of the Canadian 
roads; the avoidance of absentee-land- 
lordism — all these would be better 
served by the New England system. 
The report lays .special stress, too, on 
the possibilities of port development. 
According to the findings of the com- 
mission, by using water transportation 
New England can lay down shoes, 
automobile tires, pianos and cotton 
piece goods on the Pacific coast at a 
lower rate than Chicago can by rail. 
That is good news to a territory de- 
pendent on its manufacturing and in- 
clined of late to pessimism about it. 
New England should certainly pause 
before making any arrangement which 
would probably turn her face from 
the sea. As an appendage to the 
trunk lines, New England roads are 
handicapped by distance from her 
markets and her sources of supply. 
As a compact unit, having the added 
advantage of easy access to water 
routes and to Canadian lines, these 
same roads have an enviable position 
for bargaining with the trunk lines. 

But the Joint New England Com- 
mission realized that the crux of the 
argument lies in the financial phases 
of the matter; that the opponents of 
the New England plan willingly ad- 
mit most of the foregoing arguments 
and bob up smilingly with the state- 
ment — "All very fine in theory, but 
it can't be done. Combining four 
weak roads will never make a strong 



one." They aie hard headed business 
men, these opponents. The Commis- 
sion's report, therefore, presents, with 
its recommendation that New Eng- 
land run its own roads, a plan for so 
rehabilitating' these roads that they 
can be made to bring in a reasonable 
return to their stockholders and pro- 
vide adequate service to the public. 
The plan involves aid from the federal 
government in the shape of reduced 
interest rates on loans; aid from the 
bond-holders through the extension 
of the date of maturity on certain 
bonds falling due before 1935 ; and aid 
from the respective states by a re- 
mission of taxes, to be made if the 
earnings of the roads fall below a cer- 
tain point in a given year. In ex- 
change for the aid from the states, 
the commission proposes to give the 
state predominance in railroad con- 
trol, by providing for a trusteeship 
of ten years during which time the 
affairs of the roads shall be under the 
control of representati\ T es of the six 
New England States, appointed by 
the several Governors. 

It is of course this part of the Com- 
mission's report which is drawing 
most fire just at present. The trus- 
teeship is assailed at once as savoring 
of state socialism, and the other pro- 
visions are also being received with 
a storm of criticism. The Manchester 
Union is shocked by the whole idea: 

"This newspaper is unreservedly opposed 
to those recommendations of the committee 
dealing- with rehabilitation which involve 
remission of taxes by states, counties and 
towns where interest on fixed charges is not 
ear<T'd. the guarantee of interest on new se- 
curities by the respective stages, and the sub- 
stitution of state-controlled for privately 
embroiled management. All this carrier the 
$,*-miipr. and to us utterlv distasteful, flavor 
of state socialism, and is damned by the 
enrry results of every nther essay into that 
fieM made in the past." 

but this is by no means the only point 
of view expressed. In fact it is 
worthy of note that the New Hamp- 
shire committee, while not wholly 
assenting to the Commission's report, 
did not base their dissent on the re- 



360 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



habilitation plans. In fact their state- 
ment reads : 

"We believe that the two major New 
England railroads can obtain .substantial re- 
habilitation by the plan described in the re- 
port, but we believe that, if consolidation 
must then follow, they should be with the 
trunk lines." 

And there are many New Hampshire 
business men, harassed by freight delays 
and ineffective service, who will echo 
the sentiment of a very prominent Bos- 
Ion business man who says : 

"If it is wise for Massachusetts to ex- 
pend $25,000,000 per year on the highways, 
which atitos and trucks use with inadequate 
returns to the state, why is it unreasonable 
for the state to extend credit to the railroads, 
which every one admits are absolutely essen- 
tial to the industrial prosperity of the com- 
munity ?" 

This, then, is the situation: The 
Storrow commission has made its re- 
port, and out of the report and the 
discussion created by it will come 
eventually a consolidation plan. What 
will happen, then? As matters stand 
now it is tip to the railroads; they 
may or may not accept the plan of- 
fered. It is probable, however, that 
before the plan is formulated Con- 
gress will have "put teeth into the 
transportation act" by making adop- 
tion of the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission's final plan compulsory. The 
President of the United States favors 
such action. In his Kansas City 
speech he said in this connection: 

"It is being seriously proposed that the next 
step be to further amplify the provisions for 
consolidation so as to stimulate the consum- 
mation. It is my expectation that legislation 
to this end will be brought before Congress 
at the next session. Through its adoption 
we should take the longest step which, is now 
feasible on the way to a solution of our dif- 
ficult problems of railroad transportation. 

One word more. New Hampshire's 
railroad experiences have not always 
been pleasant. It is perhaps only 
human nature that the much-abused 
public should adopt a "burned child" 
attitude of suspicious dissent from 
any plan for railroad consolidation 
which may r cost anything. And yet, 
when Mr. Ilobart Pillsbury writes in 
the Boston Herald : 

"The Storrow report did not fjrouge any 



excitement in New Hampshire General 

public opinion favors sitting tight for a while. 
Schemes for consolidation are not favored, 
nor is the plan to have the state lend its 
credit to rehabilitate." 

one cannot believe that he voices 
the best and most enlightened opinion 
of the state. One's thoughts go to 
the closing words of the committe's 
report : 

"At least we hope what we have done will 
spur New England on to save herself, and 
will prevent her from sitting quiescently en 
her doorstep waiting for chance aid from 
the outside." 

According to Mr. Pillsbury, New- 
Hampshire's attitude is well described 
in those words. If he is right in his 
statements, then those critics who 
accuse New Hampshire of fatalistic 
inertia, are also right. 

The Storrow Commission has put 
the discussion of the New England 
Railroad problem on a very high 
plane. "Rehabilitation through co- 
operation" is the keynote of all their 
recommendations. Common sacrifice 
for the common good is the principle 
back of the plan which they have 
formulated. On such fundamentals 
however widely we may differ on the 
details of reconstruction, we can all 
agree. Here is the common ground 
on which we may meet and come to 
a final solution of our problem. It is 
essential that this be kept firmly in 
mind through all discussions of the 
problem. New England must solve 
her railroad problem or she faces in- 
dustrial death. Indifference, selfish- 
ness, "knocking" — these can never re- 
sult in a constructive policy. But, if, 
following the lead of the Storrow 
Commission, the energies and re- 
sources of the New England public 
are bent toward the discovering of 
the solution which will bring the 
greatest good to the greatest number 
— the problem is as good as solved 
already. 

"New England has shown courage and re- 
sourcefulness in the past. We believe New 
England is ready to do so again." 

This is the challenge of the Stor- 
row Commission. 



3W 




The Development 

f^rjflHE commerce of Dover con- 
sists chiefly of lumber. The 
material is daily diminishing, 
and in a short time will probably fail. 
Whether a substitute can be found by 
the inhabitants, I am ignorant." Thus, 
with a trace of pessimism as to the 
future progress of the town, Dr. 
Dwight presents his analysis of Dover 
in 1796, — a town which has prospered 
but whose prosperity, if one may 
judge from plainly written signs, is a 
thing of the past. 

It is quite evident that the Rev- 
erend gentleman had never examined 
the town records to find a significant 
item under the date of 1643: "George 
Webb was presented by the Court 'for 
living idle like a swine.' ,: Such in- 
tolerance of idleness is a guarantee of 
enterprise whether or not the forests 
become exhausted. And indeed, the 



An Invitation to a Birthday Party: Dover's 
Tercentenary Poster. 

HOW DOVER GREW 

of her Factories 



Doctor had scarcely turned his back 
upon the town when portentous events 
began to transpire. 

In 1798, a young man by name 
Jeremiah Stickney began a new enter- 
prise in Dover, the manufacture of 
cotton and woolen hand cards. Until 
the manufacture of cards by ma- 
chinery superseded the old process of 
setting in the teeth by hand, he kept 
his little factory running, largely 
through the employment of children. 
He gave up his business in 1822, but 
lived to see the cotton and woolen 
business in Dover, to which his mill 
contributed, reach surprising pro- 
portions. 

The cotton industry started first. 
In 1813, with a capital of $50,000 the 
"Dover Cotton Factory" was incor- 
porated. At five o'clock on January 
19 in that year the proprietors of the 



36: 



THi: GRANITE MONTHLY 



L 



fci»js», I 



On this spot in 1623 was founded the first permanent settlement in New Hampshire, 



factory met at Mrs. Lydia Tibbetts' 
house and laid the foundations of the 
organization which in later years was 
to develop into the Cocheco Dept. of 
the Pacific Mills. Mrs. Tibbetts ap- 
pears to have been a guardian spirit 
of the infant industry, for when in 
1821, with an increased capital of 
$500,000, the Dover Cotton Factory 
laid the foundation stone of Mill No. 2 
at the Lower Falls, it is recorded that 
"the brethren afterwards partook of a 
collation at the house of Mrs. Tib- 
betts, and spent the evening in 
characteristic harmony/' 

It was ten years before the woolen 
business began. In 1824, "Mr. Alfred 
I. Sawyer commenced the business of 
cloth dressing at the place formerly 



known as Libby's mills, which was 
the foundation of and has since grown 
into the Sawyer Woolen Company/' 
So read the old records. The Sawyer 
Woolen Company in its turn has be- 
come a part of the American Woolen 
Company and still turns out large 
quantities of fine woolen and worsted 
goods. 

In 1823 the Dover Cotton Factory 
changed its name to Dover Manu- 
facturing Company, once more in- 
creased its capital to $1,000,000 and 
built Mill No. 3. Five years later, 
in a time of business depression, the 
business changed both name and 



management, 
Company. 
That this 



\ 




fv 










Two warlike Dover citizens met at this \ 

thought better of the idea and went ho 

their swords, hut the place is ca]lec] 



)oint to fight a duel, 
me without drawing 
Bloody Point. 



becoming the Cocheco 

business prospered is 
evidenced by a 
note from a Bos- 
ton paper of 1829: 
"the last weekly 
Dover Packet from 
New Hampshire, 
brought nearly as 
many cotton and 
woolen goods to 
this market as 
were brought by 
the packet ship 
Dover, and more 
than were brought 
by the packet New- 
England from Liv- 



erpool. Cotton 
goods which were 



HOW DOVER GREW 



563 



m 



• 








3 








-A 


. 




i 


: 




• • - 












• I 



This spot will figure largely in Dover's celebration. It is Guppey Park and on August 
22 a great Community Picnic will take place here. 



once purchased in England for 38 cents, 
and thought remarkably cheap, were not 
better cottons than can now be pur- 
chased here at 20 cents." 

That the business was not without 
the troubles and vexations which mod- 
ern mills are heir to is indicated by a 
brief note in the town records of 1834: 
"March 4. — Mills of Cocheo Manu- 
facturing Company stopped for three 
days in consequence of a turn out of 
the female operatives, occasioned by 
a reduction of their pay." 

Perhaps the most interesting chap- 
ter of Dover's mill history is the visit 
of Lafayette. The General came to 
Dover in June, 1825. was received 
with all manner of honor and cele- 
bration, and in his sight-seeing was 
taken to the mills of the Dover 
Manufacturing Company. The ac- 
count of his reception gives a picture 
of the cotton mill of 100 years ago. 
We quote from a newspaper report: 

"On arriving opposite the Cotton 
Factories the carriages were halted, 



the Great Gate of the Factory yard 
was thrown open, discovering a dou- 
ble line of females employed in the 
Factory, to the number of nearly 200, 
tastefully and handsomely dressed in 
white with blue sashes. The Gen- 
eral, on entering the Factory yard, 
was repeatedly cheered with the huz- 
zas of hundreds from the tops of the 
buildings surrounding the Factory 
yard; he was conducted by Messrs. 
Williams and Bridge into the Factory, 
the porch of which was tastefully 
decorated with wreaths of evergreen 
and roses. The Factory was still for 
a moment, but as if by magic it was 
instantly in full operation, attended 
throughout by the girls who had re- 
ceived the company on entering the 
yard, each at her proper place and 
busy in her proper employment. On 
leaving the Factory, the General was 
conducted to his carriage and es- 
corted by the committee of arrange- 
ments and marshalls of Dover to 
the line of the state of Maine." 



0O4 



HE GRANITE MONTHLY 



. 



: 






i.'-iC-'-'.: lj < 



-: •_- £:•* £ -- ' . •■■> ■--..-.• ■ - "- ■'■•'-'■ ■•■- ■ '• - ■* ■ ? * ■ ■ 

Pomerov's Cove, where the early settlers landed. 



: ! 



The account goes on to tell of the 
appreciatiyeness of the distinguished 

visitor. Evidently tlie tastefulness 
of attire and decorations made its 
impression on the General. He de- 
clared that the mills were ''much 
more perfect than any he had wit- 
nessed" and that the quality of goods 
was "far superior to any he had seen 
in the country." 

And the account closes with a 
paragraph which, though having lit- 
tle bearing on Lafayette and his visit, 
is nevertheless interesting as a bit of 
Dover mill history : 

"It was a subject of regret that he 
could not have examined more par- 
ticularly the machine shop, where 
nearly all the parts of the whole ma- 
chinery for the establishment are 
manufactured from the raw material, 
where some valuable improvements 
have been made in the mode of pre- 
paring the important parts of the 
machinery, as well as highly valuable 
alterations made upon those generally 
in use in the larger manufacturing 
concerns." 

Three hundred years ago. a tiny 
settlement of English merchants. 
Two hundred years ago, a village 
struggling in the midst of Indian 



wars, in days of such danger that 
schools had to be closed for fear of 
Indian raids, yet a village going 
pluckily forward in enterprises of 
bridge building and the laying out of 
roads. One hundred years ago, a 
town standing at the very beginning 
of a business enterprise which was to 
change its whole, life and character. 
Today, one of the most important 
manufacturing towns in New Hamp- 
shire. That is Dover. And her cel- 
ebration of her three hundredth birth- 
day brings from all parts of New 
Hampshire and from the world out- 
side the hearty congratulations one 
gives for work well done. 



NOTE 

It is with great pleasure that we add 
this month to our editorial board, an- 
nounced in the July issue, the name of 
Raymond B. Stevens of LandafT. Mr. 
Stevens is a prominent figure in public 
life, a member of the national House of 
Representatives not many years ago. a 
member of the New Hampshire Legis- 
lature at the last session, and a man 
whose name figures largely in con- 
jectures and prophecies of the coming 
campaign. 



3<e$ 



s : I • r 

i ■■■ -' ' - ilrt 








r •-: 



I 



One hundr 
The Strafford Sav 



TEE SAVINGS 

The One Hundredth Birthday 

. . By James O. Lvford 



ed years old: 

ings Bank of Dgver. 

T K CENTENNIAL 

of Two New Hampshire Bank; 



fTFlHIS year is the Centennial of 
I New Hampshire Savings Banks. 
The legislature of 1823 granted 
two savings bank eharters, one for the 
Portsmouth Savings Bank, at Ports- 
mouth, and the other for the Strafford 
Saving's Bank, at Dover. This was 
seven years after the first savings 
bank was chartered in this country. 
Four years earlier, in 1819, an attempt 
was made by the citizens of Ports- 
mouth to obtain a charter. A bill was 
introduced in the house and passed 
that body, but it was defeated in the 
senate. There is nothing in the rec- 
ords of the legislature or in the news- 
papers of that year that shows why 
the bill failed to receive the approval 
of the senate; but in 1823, when the 
charter for the Portsmouth Savings 
Bank was passing through its various 
stages in the house, a leading mem- 
ber remarked that as the principles 
of the bill were new and required 
some consideration he would move 
that it be referred to the judiciary 
committee. That committee prompt- 



ly made a favorable report. It was 
probably conservatism in dealing 
with a novel proposition that post- 
poned for four years the starting of 
savings banks in New Hampshire. 
The charter for the Portsmouth 
Savings Bank was signed by the gov- 
ernor June 26, 1823, and that for the 
Strafford Savings Bank, July 1, 1823, 
The Portsmouth Savings Bank re- 
ceived its first deposit August 20, 
1823, and the Strafford Savings Bank, 
February 28, 1824. These savings? 
banks have had an uninterrupted ex- 
istence ever since they opened their 
doors. 

From 1823 to 1838 six additional 
savings banks were chartered, only 
two of which are now in operation^— 
the New Hampshire Savings Bank 
at Concord, which opened in IBM) 
and the Laconia Savings Bank si 
Laconia, which began business In 
1831. The third savings bank char- 
tered failed in 1841, and for a it 
years the legislature refused to gr& ' 
applications for charters. It was v&L. 



366 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



until 1846 that the Manchester Sav- 
ings Bank was chartered, and six 
years later before the Amoskeag 
of Manchester was authorized to 
begin business. These two Manches- 
ter savings banks are now the largest 
in the state. 

Philanthropic motives were the 
basis of the inception of savings 
banks in this state. In tiie first 
quarter of the nineteenth century 
manufacturing establishments were 
multiplying. The employes were 
drawn from the rural communities of 
the state because of larger wages than 
could be obtained on the farms, and 
because wages were paid in cash by 
the mills, whereas employment in the 
rural communities was largely a mat- 
ter of barter, or payment in the pro- 
ducts of the farm. There were 
periods of adversity in manufacturing 
which threw the mill operatives out 
of employment. Improvidence in 
spending during the prosperity of the 
mills brought as a sequel suffering 
to the operatives in times of indus- 
trial depression. This is set forth in 
the petition for the charter of the 
Strafford Savings Bank, in which it 
was alleged that nearly one-fifth of 
the population of Dover and the sur- 
rounding manufacturing towns were 
likely to become public charges. The 
establishment of savings banks was 
the means used to teach the people 
habits of thrift and to make them in- 
dependent when adversity came. 
Well have they served the purpose of 
their creation. 

The savings bank was an institu- 
tion of slow growth for many years. 
It had to win the confidence of the 
people. There was no experience 
elsewhere for its officers to draw 
upon. The fundamental principle of 
the savings bank was that it should 
be a safe depository for the savings 
of the wage earner, and that the sav- 
ings should be so invested that there 
would be no loss of deposits and a 
reasonable interest gain. What are 
.safe investments is always a question 



of human judgment, and this judg- 
ment varied with individuals. Many 
things were done and other things 
were left undone which in the early 
years continually impaired the confi- 
dence of the public. If there were 
space in this article, an interest- 
ing story might be written of the 
trials and vicissitudes of savings 
banks through a long period of their 
history. It required many object 
lessons to teach .savings bank officers 
and trustees, and even the public, the 
plain, homely truths regarding the 
care of trust funds. In the first hun- 
dred years of their existence the 
losses through the dishonesty of 
savings bank employes were com- 
paratively small, and the instances 
infrequent; but mistakes were made 
which were incident to experimenting 
in an untried field. Yet the fact that 
the first two savings banks have stood 
the test for a century, that two others 
are approaching ono. hundred years 
of uninterrupted existence, and that 
over half of the whole number have 
an age exceeding fifty years, speaks 
well for the integrity and business 
sagacity of a large majority of sav- 
ings bank officials. 

For the first half century of their 
existence the management of savings 
banks was almost wholly philan- 
thropic. The treasurer was the only 
paid official ; and the trustees, who 
.served without pay, were generally 
parsimonious in the compensation 
they allowed him. The treasurer 
was not only responsible for the funds 
of the institution, but in numerous 
cases in the early years he supplied 
the bank with quarters at his home or 
place of business. As late as my first 
service as bank commissioner, be- 
ginning in 1887, there were several 
savings banks that were adjuncts to 
country stores, and in two cases were 
located in the houses in which the 
treasurers resided. The store safe, 
possibly fire proof but not burglar 
proof, was the only security vault for 
the books and assets of the bank. 



the savings bank centennial 



367 



Sisch bank treasurers received for 
their services and responsibility and 
the quarters they furnished a munifi- 
cent stipend running- from one hun- 
dred to three hundred dollars a year. 

The trustees were usually success- 
ixil business men whose names gave 
the bank credit in the community. 
Very few of them gave much attention 
to the affairs of the bank they were 
chosen to supervise. If the treasurer 
were an enterprising man, he very 
soon dictated the policy of the bank. 
Fhe responsibility that goes with an 
election as trustee or director of a 
bank was not brought home to these 
officials until near the close of the 
nineteenth century. It was compar- 
atively late in their history before the 
legislature awoke to the importance 
of savings banks and the marvelous 
growth of their deposits. It re- 
quired the panic of 1893, with its 
numerous closing of savings banks to 
arouse the law makers to the neces- 
sity for legislation regulating their 
management and prescribing their 
investments. Trior to that time, little 
savings bank legislation was enacted 
except to provide severe penalties for 
acts of dishonesty by bank officials. 

There were commercial banks, or 
banks of discount, in this state long 
before savings banks were started. 
As early as 1814 these banks were 
required to make returns of their 
condition to the Governor and Coun- 
cil, who submitted these reports to 
the legislature. A few years later a 
committee of the legislature was 
required to visit the banks and ex- 
amine them. In 1837 the first act 
creating the office of bank commis- 
sioner was passed and approved by 
Governor Isaac Hill. The bank 
commissioners were not required to 
examine savings banks until 1841. 
This was the year when the first 
savings bank failed. There were then 
eight .savings banks in the state, but 
their aggregate deposits were less 
than one million dollars. Yet a 
million dollars in the early forties 



was a very large sum of money. 
Three bank commissioners were 
provided for by the act of 1837, .with 
terms of one year. 
term of service con:: 
when the number o 
was reduced to twe 
pointments were mad 



his abbreviated 

ued until 1881, 

commissioners 

and their ap- 

f >r two years. 



Until 1881 the coutrttbsioners were 
paid for their examinations by the 
banks, at the rate at first of two 
dollars per day and ten cents a mile 
for travel. Subsequently the per 
diem was increased to three dollars, 
and in. 1885 to five dollars. Salaries 
were first established in 1889. There 
was little continuity of service of the 
bank commissioners until after 1889. 
Several served but one year, a num- 
ber had but two years' service or the 
one re-appointment that came from the 
governor who originally selected 
them, a limited few three years, and 
only one reached five years of service 
during the first fifty years of the ex- 
istence of the bank commission. 
Some resigned after a year or two 
of service, and three men declined the 
appointment. The subsequent career 
of some of the bank commissioners 
is evidence, however, that the gov- 
ernor and council endeavored to select 
men of ability. 

Jonathan Harvey, of Sutton, one 
of the first appointees to this posi- 
tion, was afterwards a congressman 
from New Hampshire for three 
terms. Amos Tuck of Exeter, one of 
the pioneers in the promotion of the 
Free Soil and the Republican parties, 
was in congress from 1847 to 18o3, 
and afterwards Naval Officer of Cus- 
toms at ' Boston. Titus Brown of 
Francestown, represented the state 
in Congress two terms. John S'. 
Wells, John G. Sinclair, and Henry 
O. Kent, were candidates of the 
Democratic party for governor ' in 
later years; and a number of others 
were subsequently active and prom- 
inent in state affairs. 

That these commissioners for the 
first half century of the bank com- 



3<SS 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



mission did not accomplish more was 
not their fault. Successive legisla- 
tures were indifferent to their recom- 
mendations. They were improperly 
paid by requiring them to collect for 
their services from the banks they 
examined ; and their compensation 
was inadequate for the service ren- 
dered. When I tirst came to the 
commission, in 1887 \ it was fifty years 
after the bank commission was 
created. During all that time the 
commission never had an office in the 
state house or elsewhere, nor was 
provision made for one until 1885. 
There was not a scrap of paper on 
file anywhere to show what the com- 
missioners had done during that 
period outside of the published 
reports; and the bank commission 
had not even a set of these reports. 
The examination papers ox the com- 
missioners had been regarded as the 
personal property of the commis- 
sioners, and were either lost or 
destroyed. Yet there were 66 sav- 
ings banks at that time, with aggre- 
gate deposits of $50,000,000. My 
hrst work after my appointment was 
to hire and furnish an office and se- 
cure a hand-press with which to copy 
letters. For four years I was my 
own amanuensis, wrote in long-hand 
all letters of the commissioners and 
copied them by the use of this press. 
Then for two years the commission- 
ers paid the salary of a stenographer 
before one was provided by the state. 
At the time of my hrst appoint- 
ment in 1887, officers of savings banks 
looked upon the bank commissioners 
as a necessary evil to be patiently 
endured during the time that they 
were making examinations. Nor is 
this strange when it is considered 
that the commissioners were practi- 
cally without authority, except to 
close a bank that could not meet its 
obligations. Having little continuity 
of service, they could establish no 
policy in their examinations. Invest- 
ments were practically unrestricted. 



There was no law to regulate the 
management of savings banks. Bank 
officials looked askance at the sug- 
gestions of the commissioners, and 
their recommendations to the legis- 
lature were unheeded. 

in 1889 a bank commission of three 
members, appointed so that the term 
of only one member expired during 
a. given state administration, was 
cieated. From this time dates the 
effective work of this commis- 
sion. The legislature began to 
give heed to their recommendations. 
Bank officials saw the value of their 
co-operation and soon welcomed their 
examinations. The public realized 
that the .savings institutions of the 
state are New Hampshire's greatest 
asset, and that their supervision 
exceeded in importance that of any 
other slate activity. Since 1915, 
the savings institutions of the state 
have had an association, meeting 
semi-annually for the consideration 
and discussion of subjects pertaining 
to the management and investments 
of these institutions. It is an open 
forum to which the bank commis- 
sioners and experts from other states 
are invited. Trustees and directors 
of the savings institutions now com- 
prehend the responsibility resting up- 
on them, and in the main have per- 
sonal knowledge of the work of the 
treasurer and his subordinates. All 
this change in the relations of the 
commissioners with bank officials 
and with the legislature is not solely 
the work of the commission. It has 
been promoted by the progressive 
bankers of the state, who came to 
realize that any weakness of one 
savings bank was a peril to others; 
and that in so large an industry 
there must be legislation and super- 
vision to regulate the management 
and the investments of these institu- 
tions. 

To the close of the Civil War, the 
savings deposits were not a large 
factor in the interests of the state. In 



: B \KK CENTENNIAL 



369 



■?<< 



ther 



were 



70 



with 42,572 depositor; 
population of 326,000 
$8,000,000 deposits. 1 
42 years of growth, 
the next decade there 
hanks. 96±)jS deposi 
000,000 deposits. Add 
years and we find the 
banks, with 121,216 
$43,066,000 deposits, 
years were years of go 



U toe end. 
ere 63 savii 



the number of sav 



saline numb er [ 

Hie next eigl' 
ntkiued growtl 
:gs icstitu-txos 
having increased to 83, the oomi>€ 
of depositors to 184.210, and th 
volume of deposits to neatly S78,QCX 
000. Then occurred the panic c 
1S93. It was especially disastrous t 
New Hampshire savings banks, &u 
to the fact that the banks were wiir 
out restrictions as to their invesi 
ments and management until tw 
years later. The next six years wei 
years of recovery, and the deposit 
dropped to less than $62,000,000. an 
this amount included the iej :>sils c 
several banks in liquidati n. 

Then the tide turned as confideec 
was restored; and with the ex _ 
of one year during the world wa: 
every year has shown an increase c 
deposits. From 1900 to the preses 
year the deposits have grown :z .: 
§62.000,000 to $162,000,000. 10 1 
a period of 23 years, which is in z'r. 
recollection of the greater part o£ 0~ 
people nuw living, is j henosnena 
The depositors in our savings irisv 
tutions include more than half th 
population of the state. If the to-ts 
deposits were divided among the is 
habitants of the state, each r;:a: 
woman and child would receive h , " 
A few comparisons will empha^z 
this growth. 

This volume of deposits is ia& r 
than three times the taxable valv- . 
the railroads of the state., more ~daa 
twice the value of all its manuiO. v: 
ing plants, half the value of all r0 
lands and buildings of the state a.a 



one-forth of the value of all the prop- 
erty of New Hampshire as assessed 

for taxation. 

These .deposits are for the most 
part the accumulations of wage 
earners, clerks, farmers and people 
of small income, the average deposit 
being about $500. 

Such, in brief, is the story of the 
savings institutions of New J lamp-. 
shire and their growth in one hundred 
years. For the last twenty years no 
savings bank of the state has failed. 
In fact, only one .savings institution 
lias suspended payments for thirty 
years that was not primarily involved 
in the panic of 1893; and this insti- 
tution in liquidation paid its deposi- 
tors one hundred cents on the dollar. 
No other state has so clean a record. 
Perhaps nothing has contributed so 
much to this situation as the co- 
operation of bank officials with the 
bank commissioners, a co-operation 
that has been constantly growing 
more sympathetic and cordial for 
thirty years. Another factor which 
has been contributory to the success 
of all has been the absence for the 
most part of unfriendly rivalry of 
savings bank's covering the same 
field of depositors. With very few 
exceptions the- savings banks of the 
state have united for two years in 
joint advertising of the benefits de- 
rived from their use by the people. 
In the two instances that have oc- 
curred in the last two decades of un- 
founded alarm of savings bank de- 
positors of any one institution, neigh- 
boring banks have come promptly to 
the rescue by taking over securities 
of the imperilled bank and furnish- 
ing it with cash. With such a spirit 
prevailing among the officers of the 
savings institutions, and between them 
and the officials who are supervising 
them, there is much to be expected 
of their future usefulness to their 
depositors and to the business welfare 
of the state. 



- '."•-'..,.■■ : : _ _ -^ 

gTrsfANiiiOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS ^ 

Compiled by Arthur Johnson 
Wff%h&*ft£p ^ Illustrated by Elizabeth Shurtleff ^^V^v^T^'? 



i**&££s£=~&m®35i*£h£2i 



"WL 



LIGHT 

By Francis W. Bourdillon 



The night has a thousand eyes. 

The day but one ; 
Yet the light of the bright world dies 

With the dvitt.fi: sun. 



The mind has a thousand eyes. 

And the heart but one ;' 
Yet the light of a whole life dies 

When its loYe is done. 









^-^r-=* 






J3& 



f 




fM NOT UNTO THE FOREST jm 



By Margaret Widdemer 
( Rem embrance ) 






v$& 







Not unto the forest — not unto the forest, O my lover ! 

Why do you lead me to the forest? 
Joy is where the temples are 
Lines of dancers swinging far 

Drums and lyres and viols in the town 
(It is dark in the forest) 
And the flapping leaves will blind me 
And the clinging vines will bind mc 

And the thorny rose-boughs tear my saffron gown- 

And I fear the forest. 

Not unto the forest — not unto the forest, O my lover ! 

Long since one led me to the forest .... 
Hand in hand we wandered mute 
Where was neither lyre nor flute 

Little stars were bright above the dusk 
And the thickets of wild rose 

Breathed across our lips locked close 

Perfumings of spikenard and musk .... 

1 am tired of the forest. 

Not unto the forest — not unto the forest, O my lover ! 

Take me from the silence of the forest! 

I will love you by the light 
And the beat of drums at night 
And the echoing of laughter in my ears, 

But here in the forest 
I am still, remembering 
A forgotten, useless thing, 

And my eyelids are locked down for fear of tears . 
There is memory in the forest. 



POEMS 



371 



PANDORA'S SONG 

By William Vaughn Moody 



Of "wounds and 'so: 
I made my battle s 
Winged sandals £o: 
I wove of my dela; 
Of weariness and 
I made my shoutirj 
Of loss, and doul : 
A nd ' swi ft on comi : i 
I made a helmel f 
And a floating pltui 



•e oeieat 



reel 



dread, 

head 



From the shutting mist of death. 
From the failure of the breath, 
I made a battle-horn to blow, 
Across the vales of overthrow. 
O hearken, love, the battle-horn ! 
The triumph clear, the silver scorn S 
O hearken where the echoes bring, 
Down the gray, disastrous morn, 
Laughter and rallying ! 








ON A FAN THAT BELONGED TO 'J%%g& b 
TEE MARQUISE DE POMPADOUR 4'W 

By Austin Dorsox 

Chicken-ski::, delicate, white, 

Painted 1 y Carlo Vanloo, 
Lows in a riot of light, 

Roses and vaporous blue ; 

Hark to the dainty frou-frou! 
Picture above, if you can, 

Fyes that could melt as the dew, — 
This was the Pompadour's fan! 







See how they rise a: the sight. 

Thro:.,;:-:." the Oeil de Boeuf thru, 

Courtiers as butterflies bright, 

beauties that 1 * jonard drew, 
Talon-:-' >nge, baibala, queue, 

Cardinal. D;:ke. — to a man, 

Eager to sigh or to sue, — 

This was trie Pcnr :. n ur's fan! 







^ k m^ 






Ah, but thing's n 



polite 



l^w. 



nang oi: tras t y. ,-yez-vous! 
Matters of state and of mjfht, 

-Idlings that gre^t ministers do; 

Things that maybe overthrew 
Those in whose brains tkty began ; 

Here was the s:g:, arte the cue,— 
This was the Pompadour's fan! 



Iff ks^ 






*f^lwv^ 



jr* 





Envoy 
fe_-, . Where are the secrets it knew? i ;j $ 'f*p< 

Weaves of plots and of plans m^T^^' tj 
— But where is the Pompadour, too? <JJ "l^g^F^O 
This was the Pompadour's FdH ! 



373s 



. 






l> -. 



- 






I 



. . . 



■ 



.. ;$ 



The small boy picks the first apple from the 
orchard which is to educate him. 

AN ORCHARD AM) A COLLEGE EDUCATION 

How They Helped Each Other 

By G. F. Potter 

A few weeks ago in the College 
f~\ Gymnasium in Durham, 140 young 



men ana women passed over the 
platform before their admiring parents 
and friends and received their diplomas 
from President Hetzel. Among these 
graduates was one whose college course 



was made passible through 
endowment by his parents. 
training of this young mam i 



unusual 
:e college 
dedicated 

to the development of New Hampshire's 
resources and the story is so interesting 
that I think it is worth telling. 

The story of how this man came to 
college traces back to a hill farm in 
West Hopkinton, settled inure than 150 
years ago, and one of the first farms in 
that section of New Hampshire to enter 
the commercial fruit industry. There 



the original owner planted trees princi- 
pally of the Russet variety. These ap- 
ples stored through most of the long 
winter in the farm cellar were drawn 
by ox team to Concord to be sold or 
shipped to Lowell and Lawrence. One 
old tree still stands on the farm, a relic 
of this early venture in the apple busi- 
ness. 

When the grandfather of our college 
lad purchased this farm some fifty odd 
years ago, the chief business was beef 
production. Nevertheless, he was 

aware of the profits in apples and, like 
many another New England farmer, he 
thriftily grafted with Baldwin cions 
every seedling tree which sprang up in 
the corners of the stone walls and other 
odd places about the farm. He went 



AN ORCHARD AND A COLLEGE EDUCATION 



373 



farther than this and farther than most 
of his neighbors, in that lie made a 
practice of fertilizing some piece of 
ground heavily to make it into a produc- 
tive garden and then planting fruit trees 
in the garden. As the trees grew and 
required all the space, the process was 
repeated on another piece of ground. 
Thus when the farm passed into the 
hands of his son, and his son in turn 
looked down upon a one-year-old baby 
boy, there were possibly two hundred 
trees on the farm in fence corners and 
in little lots where the gardens had been. 
It was with the resolve that this newest 
son might go to college if he chose that 
Levi French set one hundred and fifty 
apple trees on a piece of what might be 
called worn out pasture land. They 
were of the Baldwin variety. When 
with Iris father Levi French had engaged 
in the business of buying fruit, — often 
purchasing a neighbor's crop on the 
tree, picking and packing it and sending 
it to market, — the best fruit and the 
greatest profits had always come from 
orchards in which the Baldwin pre- 
dominated. Hence when he came to 
make a planting for his boy, the trees 
were all of this variety upon which he 
could count for high class fruit. 

It may be said with literal accuracy 
that the boy and the trees grew up to- 
gether and that each helped the other to 
develop. There were times when the 
sod around the trunks had to be dug 
away with a large old-fashioned grub 
hoe, and "Al" remembers still how heavy 
that tool could get at the end of a day. 
He rememhers, too, how sacks were 
placed around some of the trees which 
were backward in order to hold mois- 
ture and keep down the grass around 
the trunks, and how as he cultivated 
those trees the teeth of the cultivator 
sometimes stuck in the burlap with dis- 
astrous results. 

The orchard was started in the days 
when there were relatively few orchard 
pests, and spraying was practically an 
unknown art. But before the project 
had gone very far, it was threatened by 



an attack of plant lice. A journey was 
made to a distant neighbor from whom 
a formula could be obtained for the old- 
fashioned kerosene emulsion. Before 
the clays of commercial tobacco extracts, 
this material was the standard control 
for sucking insects. Carefully mixed ac- 
cording to the formula and applied with 
a cattle sprayer, it did the work and 
the trees were freed of their pests. The 
business of spraying could not long be 
conducted upon this scale, however, and 
it was not long before father and son 
found themselves in attendance at a 
demonstration at the village of Hopkin- 
ton where one of the professors from 
the college at Durham was teaching the 
use of spraying machinery. At first 
the demonstration did not bid fair to be 
a success. The man on the pump handle 
struggled violently while the college man 
holding the nozzle constantly exhorted 
him to give "more pressure." The long- 
whiskered pessimist on the edge, of the 
crowd grumbled that this was what you 
would expect from a college "perfesser" 
but on investigation it was found that a 
part of the pump had been lost in ship- 
ment. After a hurried visit to the near- 
est plumber, a new valve was improvised 
and soon the mist like spray was cover- 
ing the trees in the proper way. The 
apple worm, or codling moth, was then 
the most important pest, and the sprays 
applied consisted principally of poisons 
such as lead arsenate. The demonstra- 
tion proved successful ; for a consider- 
able amount of spraying with this ma- 
terial was done in the vicinity that year. 
The following season Mr. French and 
one of his neighbors purchased a similar 
barrel pump, which was used to keep the 
apples in the new orchard clean until re- 
placed by a power sprayer. 

While the orchard and "Al" French 
grew together, progress on the college 
career was going forward at the same 
time. Some of my friends tell me of 
meeting a small boy with a dinner pail 
almost as large as himself, trudging 
down from the hills to school. In due 
season he passed to the Hopkinton High 



374 



THE GRANITE 



3NT1IL' 



L_: _i- 



Grafted trees in the corners of the stone walls at the French farm. 



School at Contoocook, journeying there 
by train, getting home on some winter 
nights when the snow was deep, as late 
as midnight, but always keeping the goal 
of college in sight. 

In 1917, on the occasion of a football 
game between New Hampshire State 
and the boys from the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College. "Al" came down 
with a number of his schoolmates and 
caught his first glimpse of the institu- 
tion. In 1919 he came to stay. 

The orchard too was ready to do its 
share. The fruit which had previously 
sold to local buyers was now marketed 
to better advantage, sometimes on the 
foreign markets and sometimes on the 
late winter market of Boston after cold 
storage for a considerable period. It was 
good fruit, as the returns from the com- 
mission firms of Liverpool and Boston 
attest. The checks which came back 
were sufficient to accomplish the ob- 
ject for which the trees were set. Funds 
from other sources were necessary, it 
is true, — for instance the proceeds from 
college news items written up for 
the newspapers of the state, — but in the 



main it has been the orchard that has 
borne the burden. 

In college his record is one which few 
students will surpass. Alfred French 
was elected to the agricultural honorary 
fraternity for scholastic merit at the first 
election after he had been long enough in 
college to meet the standards of the or- 
ganization. When the fraternity of Phi 
Kappa Phi was organized to admit from 
the entire institution a dozen or four- 
teen of the most talented students, Al- 
fred French's name again was in the 
first li^t of initiates from his class. 

Now the college course is over and 
the work for which it has been a prepara- 
tion has commenced. To a man with a 
record of this sort more than one oppor- 
tunity is sure to present itself. A few 
weeks ago there came to my desk a re- 
quest from a great university of the far 
west calling for talented students to take 
up positions as assistants while continu- 
ing their college training with a view to 
entering the professional field in agricul- 
ture. There were not many whom I 
could recommend for work of this type 
but "Al" French was one and I called 



AN ORCHARD AND A COLLEGE EDUCATION 



375 






"AT* French and his father in the orchard which provided his education. 



him in. During his junior year he had 
made an analysis of the net returns on 
the farm. It had revealed an income 
which a young man in professional work 
could hardly hope to equal. I think, too, 
that the task of bringing a productive 
and paying industry to New Hampshire's 
hills seems worth while to him. At any 
rate there was scarcely a moment's hesi- 
tation before he answered: "I guess 
that the job of raising apples in New 
Hampshire is good enough for me." 
Thus, when the ceremonies of Com- 



mencement were over, "Al" French 
turned home to take back the best that 
science can give him for the care of the 
four or five hundred trees now on the 
old home farm. We expect that before 
long more promising orchard land m his 
neighborhood will be planted to trees. 
We may be glad that the opportunity 
which New Hampshire presents in this 
industry is one which will attract edu- 
cated and trained young men of more 
than usual ability. 



Program for Portsmouth's 300th Anniversary 

Sunday, August 19- — Morning: Appropriate services hi all churches; Afternoon: Sac 
Concert at The Pines; Evening: Historical Address at the Portsmouth Theater. 

Monday, August 20 — Morning: Historical address and band concert at the playgroEur 
Afternoon: Grand Tercentenary Parade; livening: Military Band Concert at 
Pines. Grand illumination of The Pines for first time. Fireworks display at PI 
showing episodes of state's history. 

Tuesday, August 21 — Morning and Afternoon: Baseball, Marathon races, golf and r; 
races, band concerts; Evening', Grand opening of the pageant at The Pines. 

Wednesday, August 22 — Morning: Drill and dress parade by United States Maria £3 
the playgrounds. Music by massed bands. Afternoon: Afternoon performance 
the pageant; Evening: Second evening performance of the pageant. 

Thursday, August 23 — Morning: Final morning hand concert; Afternoon: Dedi -v 
of Memorial Bridge; Evening'; Final appearance of pageant with gra:: r : I it 
features. Finale fireworks display. 



red 






*t- * U *f. J 



■ "' 



tV~- 



L-W, 



Portsmouth's New Memorial Bridge: a modern note in a city 
of the past. 

WHERE THE PAST LIVES STILL 



HP C 

I own OI 



TTTVERY 

upon them 
of a brand new district sitting 



New England town has 

landmarks. One comes 

usually in the heart 

aloof 

from the life about them with the air 
of an old grandmother placidly 
watching the young life of the house- 
hold in which she is a loved but in- 
active member. 

But Portsmouth is not like that. 
In the long elm-shaded streets the 
spirit of the past walks with familiar 
tread ; it is the present which intrudes 
upon the attention as something not 
quite in keeping with the whole. 
It is the new Memorial Bridge which 
is an anachronism, not the old pack- 



doorways, carved with the artistry of 
a bygone day. Even the people who 
throng the streets, and the motorists 
who come in such numbers each 
summer day, are less real, less vividly 
alive than the personalities who, in 
days past, came and went along the 
Portsmouth ways. The Wentworths, 
proud aristocrats representing the 
royal control of New Hampshire ; 
Governor John Langdon, first Presi- 
dent of the United States Senate, who 
administered; to Washington and 



Memories 

Adams the oath of office as President 
and Vice-President of the new re- 
public; Tobias Lear, private secretary 



to Washington 



in 



those early days ; 
John Paul Jones, gallant adventurer, 
who waited in Portsmouth while they 
fitted out the Ranger; Daniel Webster, 
as he was when, a young lawyer, he 
brought his bride to the house on 
Vaughn Street: all these have left 
their impress upon the town as 
though they were its leading citizens 
of the present. 

Xow and then one reads of a be- 
reaved family which keeps for the one 
who has gone a place at table always 
set, a room in readiness, as though 
some day the lost one might come 
back. Had Victoria's Prince Consort 
happened back to earth, he would have 
found his dinner clothes in readiness 
and the water for his bath all drawn. 
Portsmouth keeps similar vigil. Into 
the house on State Street which he 
left when the Ranger sailed, John Paul 
Jones might step today without feel- 
ing of strangeness. The canny Scot, 
Macpheadris, after nearly two hund- 
red years might cross the threshold 
of the fine house he built at the cor- 
ner of Chapel and Daniel Streets, and 



WHERE THE PAST LIVES STILL 



377 









1 



"into the bouse which lie left when the Ranger sailed John Paul Jones might step 

without a feeling of strangeness." 



find still on the walls those portraits 
of Indians with whom he traded and 
those other mural decorations repre- 
senting historical and Biblical scenes 
which, covered by several coatings of 
paper, had been lost until a chance 
.scraping of the walls disclosed them 
again. Or that later owner, by whose 
name the house is familiarly known 
today, Hon. Jonathan Warner, should 
he revisit his old home, would find 
old scenes vividly recalled : that stain 
on the carpet — Lafayette spilled his 
wine there ; that lightning rod — it re- 
calls a visit from Franklin himself, a 
visit in which the scientist complained 
that he had difficulty in persuading 
people to use his new invention on 
their houses. "You can put one on 
mine if you like," said his host; and 
the rod is there today. 

Standing in the beautiful hallway 
of the Colonial Dames House on 
Market Street, one has an irresistible 
feeling that the English gentleman 
and ship-master, Captain John Moffat, 
stands at one's shoulder, pointing out 



the wood carvings of Grinling Gib- 
bons, telling with just a touch of 
homesickness of the old English home 
of which the American house is a re- 
production, leading one through the 
terraced garden with its glory of phlox 
and larkspur into the counting house 
from which, looking out across the 
water, one almost expects' to see Cap- 
tain Moffat's ship starting on its 
journey with masts from Kittery 
Point for England. 

But it is not only the great ones 
who.se presence one feels in Ports- 
mouth, not only Governors of Pro- 
vinces, and statesmen and soldiers 
whose names are known far beyond 
the limits of Portsmouth and even 
of New Hampshire. There is more 
humanness perhaps in the traditions 
which have to do with Portsmouth's 
plain people. 

Yet it is very difficult to say, in con- 
nection with this town, just who may 
be classified as plain citizens. It is 
recorded, for instance, that a negro 
steward, engaged by Captain Charles 



378 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 






-. P 



•■i*-SBC-^.J 









fey 



| 



&ti* I 



? ** 



... ... .■ . 



,1; ,': 

J .- 



E £j 



The Marvin House: The doorway and the window above are of 
exceptional grace and beauty. 

Coffin for a voyage to Russia, so at- 
tracted the attention and the admira- 
tion of the Russian emperor that he 
became a royal butler and when he re- 
turned to Portsmouth some years 
later he came resplendent in gold lace 
for the p* pose of taking his dusky 
wife back to Russia to enjoy with him 



the glory of court life. Even the 
humblest in Portsmouth appear 
to possess an aristocracy which 
marks them. 

There arc two quiet human 
stories which are eloquent of the 
atmosphere of Portsmouth. One 
is of two old-school gentlemen. 
Captain Thomas Manning was 
a gentleman of some wealth and 
to accommodate a friend, he 
loaned to Abel Harris a sum of ; .: 

money. The time agreed upon 
for payment was a few days 
past when Captain Manning met 
Mr. Harris on the street. 

"Harris," said Manning: 



\ abruptly, "come 
! down and settle 
j your note." 

Angered by 
\ the tone of the 
] remark, Harris 
answered with 
j eqtial abruptness. 
j The Captain 
grew red and 
1 furious and 
threatened to 
bring suit. The 
t w o f r i e n d s 
stalked a w a v 
from each other 
each with an air 
of deeply wound- 
ed dignity. A 
few rods and 
the edge had 
»« gone off their 
i injury. Harris 
I turned and call- 
ed tO Manning, 
"I'll come 
half way," was 
the reply; and with measured step the 
friends approached each other again. 
They met and Harris promised to pay 
his debt within the day. He appeared 
punctually with the money. He 
found Manning waiting. He pre- 
sented the payment and his creditor 
solemnly handed it back again: 
"Mr. 



J ;*_ln <• 



. ..... -f'i-__ :**:'*^.: — r ■ 



Harris, I don't want tin": 



The Lang-don House 
rod 



Benjamin Franklin's lightning 
.till protects it. 



WHERE THE PAST LIVES STILL 



379 



1 *' " 



money — you can 
have it .as long 
as you wish — 
only be punctual 
when the pay 
day arrives." 

T he o t h e r 
story is a grace- 
ful love story, 
full of the 
quaintness and 
charm of an- 
other day. 

X i c h o 1 a s 
Rousselet, so the 
story goes, loved 
Miss Catharine 
Moffat, but not 
until one Sun- 
day morning as 
they sat together 
in her father's 
pew did he gain 

courage to bring matters to a head. He 
handed the lady a Bible in which he had 
makecl the first and fifth verses of the 
second epistle of John: "Unto the elect 
lady.... -And now I beseech thee, lady, 
not as though 1 wrote a new com- 
mandment unto thee, but that which 
we had from the beginning, that we 
love one another." And Miss Catha- 
rine, sitting demurely at his side, 
fluttered the leaves of the book, 
marked another passage and handed 



i u u 

" y 






M 



m 









j 



Th 



Moffatt Ladd House: Now in 
of the Colonial Dame 



Winslow Pierce House in Haymarket Square. A beautiful 
old mansion^ 

it back. It was the first chapter of 
Ruth, beginning with verse 16 — 
"Whither thou goest, I will go; and 
where thou Iodgest, I will lodge; thy 
people shall be my people, and tin- 
God my God. Where thou diest I 
will die, and there will I be buried : 
the Lord do so to me, and more also 
if aught but death part thee and me." 
Such are the personalities from out 
the three hundred years of Ports- 
mouth's history which dominate 

her life even today. And in 

mentioning them one must not 
forget the one to whom in part 
they owe their immortality, 
that entertaining gossip, with 
boundless interest in his fel- 
low men, Charles Warren 
; j Brewster, author of Brewster's 
§| Rambles. This brief sketch 
owes much to him; and we 
,j; earnestly recommend him as 
I guide to those of you, who will 
-.:-! make a pilgrimage in this ter- 
3 centenary summer to the town 
; J; which was his home. He is a 
ready guide and a genial com- 
panion. 



^■-,£3$ 



v ■; 



le possession 






j 

- 





- 



../■•■ 



m 



'Here are benches under cool maples. A group of men are listening to an 

expert point out the characteristics of a good horse. 

FAKMERS 5 AND HOME-MAKERS' WEEK 

A Vacation at School 

By Hexry Bailey Stevens 



VACATIONS, like nearly every- 
thing else, depend upon your 
point of view. If you are a 
student, for example, you may take 
your recreation by sojourning- on a 
farm ; but if you are a farmer, you 
may find it in going back to school. 
For several - summers it has 
been possible to watch this 
process at Xew Hampshire 
University, nee College- 
one group leaving for new 
pastures, another coming in 
hilariously to take their 
places. It is a sort of Box 
and Cox arrangement, 
which keeps the buildings around the 
campus perennially busy, and helps to de- 
prive the janitor of a historic summer 
rest. 

Education today no longer stops 
with a college diploma, and mature 
people are not ashamed to admit that 
it is still possible and profitable for 



them to learn. This is the signifi- 
cance of the Alumni Lectures at Dart- 
mouth and of the new Summer School 
at Durham. It is a point that has 
long been recognized by farmers, who 
have such a variety of occupations to 
master that they have no difficulty in 
keeping an attentive mind. 
Farmers' and Home- 
makers' Week at Durham 
J has become an annual in- 
stitution during the third 
week of August. It is 
unique in combining many 
| of the advantages of a col- 
lege lecture course, a 
country fair, an efficiency exhibition and 
a village picnic, and in aiming at instruc- 
tion without formality and without in- 
terfering with the joy of life. 

Here, to illustrate, are cool benches 
underneath tall maples. A group of 
men, some in shirt sleeves, some 
without hats, are listening to an ex- 



FARMERS' AND HOME-MAKERS' WEEK 



381 



pert point out the characteris- 
tics of a good horse. When 
lie has finished, one of them 
: .vks him a question. The 
others lean forward. You 
can read in the eyes of the 
questioner eagerness . for 
knowledge, respect for ex- 
perience and that indepen- 
dence of judgment which 
characterizes the true scholar. 
The specialist answers his 
question. The answer raises 
another. You begin to realize 
that this is the sort of class 
where the students conduct 
the examination. The pro- 
fessor elaborates the point at 
issue; Meanwhile, the horse 
lazily switches his tail, and 
you can sit hack, half dream- 
ily and feel green things 
growing. Apparently the 
questioners are statisfied. For 
some time after the close of 
the more formal discussion 
they talk with each other. 
The man from East Swan- 
zey gets acquainted with the 
man from Xew Boston. That 
is one of the best features of 
meetings like these ; they 
make you feel that your 
neighborhood is larger than 
you had supposed, that it in- 
cludes the whole state of New 
Hampshire. 

Over there several people 
have started out to the poul- 
try plant. Another group 
who missed the special horti- 
cultural meetings of the day 
before are on their way to 
ihe University orchards. The 
experimental work comes in 
for close consideration— the 
series of soil rejuvenation 
plots, the corn variety test, the 
potato disease investigations, 
the orchard showing various 
types of pruning, the garden 



■ 

■ 



e largest load of hay ever seen in New H 
Over four tons of the state's biggest hay 



, 



mipshire. 

crop. 






Merrimack County girls in parade. 



A relic of ancient days — the oris 
Webster plow. 



ial Daniel 



T H E G R A N IT E M O N T H L Y 



The week is not all wor 
engaged in pit 



fertility experiment, the nutrition labora- 
tory, and the other projects, many of 
which have attracted national interest. 
At the dairy barn is a herd that has been 
built up under ordinary farm condi- 
tions to a point where it includes sev- 
eral state 

champions. The r — .. - • . ••-.., 

stock barn 
shows promts- P . 
ing beef cattle, ; 
sheep a n d j 
horses. There 
are the pig- 
gery, with its 
e n o r m ous 
Berkshires, and 
the sheep barn, 
where breeding 
experiments, 
conducted 
along Men- [ 
d e 1 i a n lines, 
are said to be 
the best de- 
vised of any of their kind in the world. 

White these attractions are inter- 
esting most of the men and a few of 
the women, another group, composed 
entirely of women, is holding a meet- 
ing in a lecture room at Thompson 
Hall. A public health nurse is tell- 
ing how a change in diet has over- 
come malnutrition in several of the 
families in her community. All of 
the various agencies working for bet- 
ter health — the State Board of Health, 
the Red Cross, the Tuberculosis As- 
sociation, the State Board of Chari- 
ties and Corrections — are represented. 
You feel the concentrated effort of 
organized groups to solve a great and 
intangible problem, and — what is 
better — you feel that they are making 
tangible headway. 

It is the desire of the administra- 
tion of the University to make the 
campus a meeting-place for all organ- 
izations interested in the state better- 
ment; and while the interests repre- 
sented at Farmers' and Home-Mak- 
ers' Week are for the most part 






W 



Ic. Here are students busily 
ching horseshoes. 



rural, they are not inevitably so. 
Women citizens, parent-teachers, min- 
isters, librarians, injured soldiers, 
these are some of the groups that 
have taken the opportunity to join in 
the general forum at this time. The 

dormitories are 
thrown open, 
and more and 
more people 
seize the op- 
portunity to 
come for the 
whole week. 
The main ses- 
sions have 
u s u a 1 1 y been 
held by poul- 
t r y growers, 
livestock own- 
ers, orchardists, 
beekeepers, po- 
tato growers, 
women's club 
m e m b e r s, 
health agencies and home demonstration 
workers. 

Perhaps the most picturesque 
group has not been composed of 
adults at all, however, but of boys' 
and girls' club members. Last year 
150 youngsters came as delegates 
from clubs all over the state to the 
annual Junior [Extension Camp and 
Short Course, which is held through- 
out the week- This number swelled 
on the final day to nearly 500. The 
Busy Bees of Alstead, Hasty Pudding 
of Loudon, Hoecanoonuc of Milford, 
Pequawket and Chataque of Conway, 
Sunshine, Jolly Eight, Sugar Valley 
and nearly four score other clubs 
had performed in original circuses, 
sold popcorn, contrived booths at 
fairs, given lawn parties, held neigh- 
bors up for soap orders, picked ber- 
ries, or in some other way raised the 
necessary funds to pay the expenses 
of their delegates. These fortunate 
ones now slept in College dormi- 
tories, ate in the College Commons, 
walked in the College woods, and 



FARMERS" AND HOME-MAKERS' WEEK 



383 



held a track meet on the College ath- 
letic field. This was the sauce, while 
the main fare consisted of talks by 
specialists and leaders on phases of 
garden work, canning, clothing, po- 
tatoes, and other club projects, and 
demonstration contests to determine 
the teams to be sent to the Eastern 
States Exposition. 

The first three days of the sessions 
are more or less specialized ones; but 
the final day is a free-for-all. Then 
it is that the state moves into Dur- 
ham and swamps it. Whole clubs 
come in on trucks gaily decorated, 
singing their club songs. As far as 
the eye can see, the street is lined 
with the noses of parked cars. 
Groups picnic on the campus and 
swarm into the exhibition halls, 
where new points on farm and home 
practices, electric and gas ma- 
chines, specimens of pests and dis- 
eases, hand)" implements and other 
attractions hang or revolve. At one 
o'clock in the afternoon comes the 
roll of a drum. A band appears and 
heads the annual Farm and Home 
Parade. Behind it decorated floats, 



contrived by Farm Bureaus, Granges, 
die Marketing Association, the fruit 
growers, poultrymen and others, long 
lines of club members that occasion- 
ally overflow with a cheer, novelty 
features such as huge crawling bugs 
that represent the Enemy, proud and 
sometimes unruly animals, pass in 
review before the. Governor. For 
over a -mile the column extends, ef- 
fectually refuting the idea that only 
a big city can stage a real parade. 
Hie procession ends at the new 
grandstand at the Memorial Field, 
where the audience tastes the more 
solid fare of addresses by national 
farm leaders. By five o'clock the 
trucks are chugging homeward ; the 
campus is deserted ; and Farmers' 
and Home-Makers' Week is over till 
another year. 

In such manner do the farm people 
of the state play the part of the stu- 
dent for a week each August. W T ho 
shall say that — considering the amount 
of time involved — this is not as real 
and vital a part of the educational 
program as though a college degree 
were at stake ? 



A NEW HAMPSHIRE CRUSADER 



EW Hampshire has never failed to 
be in the forefront of every move- 
ment for the moral uplift of man. 
We can turn back the pages of her his- 
tory with pride and read of her sturdy 
sons who were preaching abolition while 
Win, Lloyd Garrison was being dragged 
through the streets of Boston, and con- 
demning intoxicating beverages before 
the W. C. T. U. was known. Those 
who heard Representative Sibley's fervid 
pleas for his eight-hour-sleep bill and 
the later pronouncements of Ora Craig 
regarding enforcement of the liquor law, 
have no fear that our glorious record 
will not be maintained. It is doubtful, 
however, if any one realizes that a new 
movement is being launched in this state 
which may soon be of nation-wide sig- 
nificance. 



The movement referred to is Commis- 
sioner John F, Griffin's crusade against 
the practice of promiscuous osculation 
upon the public highways. 

Prior to the opening of the present 
motoring season Mr. Griffin gave no in- 
dication of being more romantic than 
-my other Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles. He resided in state in his huge 
apartment at the State House, wallow- 
ing in number plates and statistics. 
Perhaps last winter the reek and pow- 
der of battle-scarred Manchester, where 
his home is situated, stirred a martial 
note in his soul, for it is said, lie came 
to Concord a changed man. The first 
evidences of the change manifested 
themselves in certain week end tours 
which he took to various parts of the 
state, — notably Portsmouth and the sea- 



384 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



shore. His march to the sea resembled 
Sherman's in that lie left terror and 
destruction in his wake. The wails of 
the #ouhded filled the newspapers. No 
lovelorn youth who allowed his languish- 
ing gaze to wander toward the fair one 
at his side, or worse yet, tried driving 
with one hand, escaped the Commis- 
sioner's eagle eve. It is rumored that 
even parked cars whose occupants fell 
that the love "light within made up for 
the lack of dimmers without, found 
themselves in the iron grip of the law. 
Having heard this crusade discussed 
in various parts of the state and having 
listened to some of the groans of the 
maimed, a representative of the Gran- 
ite Monthly hastened to interview Mr. 
Griffin in his office. The interview was 
rather disappointing, as he seemed to 
have become the prosaic man of affairs 
once more. However, a glint in his eye 
and a certain tightening of his square 
jaw as he spoke of the necessity of law 
enforcement and referred somewhat 
maliciously to "bobbed haired flappers" 
gave one a little thrill and proved that 
here was a Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, 
who, though calm in his office, might be 



an avenging tornado upon the road. 

The state of New Hampshire may 
rest assured that its highways will be 
made safe if Mr. Griffin can do it. The 
possibilities of the situation are most in- 
teresting. Doubless the issue involved 
will figure in the next campaign. Those 
accustomed, to political phraseology will 
not he surprised to read in the platform 
of the Republican party under whose 
regime Mr. Griffin was appointed. ''We 
view with grave concern the increase of 
promiscuous osculation and petting and 
point with pride to the fearless efforts 
of Commissioner Griffin to suppress this 
menace to the prosperity of our great 
state." Jt would surely not be strange 
if the Democrats upheld the "personal 
liberty" of young people. 

But, joking aside, the Commissioner 
is doing a good work and deserves the 
co-operation of every Xew Hampshire 
citizen. When each day's newspaper 
carries headlines of fatal accidents on 
our highways, the office of Highway 
Commissioner takes on added impor- 
tance among public offices. It is gratify- 
ing to find a man who takes his duties 
seriously as does Mr. Griffin. — N. H. C. 



THE HIGH SCHOOL ESSAY CONTEST 



Prize Announcement! 

By Erwin F. Keene 



AS I understand it, the object of this 
contest was two-fold : first, to 
demonstrate the development of 
the faculty of observation; second to 
show New Hampshire people that their 
sons and daughters could record their 
observations with accuracy, simplicity, 
and in good readable English. 

Mrs. Harriman, Mr. Pearson, and Mr. 
May most kindly consented to read and 
judge the manuscripts, and their selec- 
tion of prize winners and of two more 
for honorable mention is a credit to the 
students and to the magazine, and a vin- 
dication of the faith which prompted 
the offer of the prizes. 



The very titles of most of the manu- 
scripts are alluring, but only the very 
best could be regarded as prize material 
by the committee of expert writers and 
teachers. Judging from the few essays 
I have seen, it is a foregone conclusion 
that some of these young people will in 
time distinguish themselves in one or 
more branches of the noble art of writ- 
ing. 



Winston Emery of Keene High 
School, who won chief prize with his 
nature study, "An Hour in the Woods," 
shows those remarkable powers of ob- 
servation which are most highly devel- 



THE HIGH SCHOOL ESSAY CONTEST 



3S5 



oped hi lovers of nature, Mr. Emery 
will astonish no one if he elects to be- 
come a poet, forester, biologist, or 
naturalist. Some one said that "five 
out of seven of us are wasted in un- 
suitable occupations," and it is mainly 
because' the so-called failures do not 
take up a life work into which they can 
throw themselves with enthusiasm. 

If Mr. Emery has not already read 
these authors, we suggest a study of the 
writings of W. H. {Hudson, William 
Beebe, Thoreau. John Muir and 
Burroughs ; they will talk to him in the 
language of his own heart, for his world 
is their world, and they and he worship 
at the same shrine. 



Second prize : "What High School 
lias Done For Me," by Catherine E. 
Paige of Weare High School. 

In these days we rightly lay great 
stress on the human document, as diary 
or autobiography, or as revealed in let- 
ters and 'fugitive' writings. Cellini, 
Pepys, and Evelyn are now familiar to 
many high school students and to 
thousands of men and women at col- 
leges; Amiel and 'Barbellion' (as Bruce 
F. Cumnr'ugs styled himself). Marie 
Bashkirtseft, the letters of Shelley and 
R. L. S. are quarried for the garnets or 
diamonds of self- revelation which form- 
er commentators may have overlooked. 
XV. H. Hudson, in his last book, while 
confessing his debt to Shakespeare, 
records his love for Chaucer: "But 
where is Shakespeare all this time ?" he 
says, after looking in vain through the 
Bard's works for a hint of his own 

personality ; "1 find him not 

Chaucer revealed himself in every one 
of his creations, in every line he wrote 

the sense of brotherhood is, 

however, more to me than artistry, even 
of the godlike aloofness of Shakes- 
peare." 

Miss Paige reveals herself with a sat- 
isfaction to the reader that is pleasing 
and wholesome. The life on a farm, 
the burgeoning intellect at grammar 
school, the healthy growth at high 



school under wise guidance and invalu- 
able tuition, and now the sure promise 
of full flowering at college and in later 
life. If we often wonder why devoted 
teachers give their lives for the ad- 
vancement of the race, and at a salary 
which hand-workers would scorn — the 
answer is here. 



In "The Feeling of an Immigrant" 
by Louise Mantegani of Robinson Semi- 
nary, we read with reverence another 
tribute to the noble women and men 
who teach our youth. A little Italian 
girl, speaking no English, on her first 
day at school she felt the hostility of 
race for race, and worshipped her 
teachers with the love "of the moth for 
the star," and was rewarded by receiv- 
ing all those teachers had to give, then 
and later, through school and in the 
seminary. Her essay exhibits a correct 
feeling for punctuation and for para- 
graphing, and the choice of words and 
arrangement of ideas is admirable. 
Knowing as I do several Italian immi- 
grants in various parts of the United 
States, their fine citizenship, industry, 
and the respect in which their Ameri- 
can-born friends hold them, I can as- 
sure Miss Mantegani that she will not 
be alone in her class when she goes out 
into the world. One of the silliest 
catchwords of this century is "The Melt- 
ing Pot." With such teachers as New 
Hampshire' has in gracious abundance, 
the melting pot may be dropped down 
the nearest quarry — to crack or cool or 
rust in decent forgetfulness. 



Miss Muriel L. Seymour wrote on 
"Our Trip to 'The Old Man of the 
Mountain/ " Her article is timely, the 
subject is attractively treated, and she 
writes with discernment and that lack 
of self-consciousness which is so pleas- 
ing among our modern young people. 
A certain artlessness enhances the art of 
the best writers — as anyone can find out 
for himself if he tries to write like John 
Bunyan, for example—and Miss Sey- 



386 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



mour takes us up and over Profile 
Mountain with her simple and imposed 
descriptions, then plants us where 
we can regard the profile of The 
Old Man, and quotes about it one of the 
finest thing's which Daniel Webster — 

that other giant- ever said, and which 

we hope the Granite Monthly will re- 
print. 

First Prize 

x\n Hour in the Woods 

By Winston Emery 
Keene High School 

r PHE brown dust sifted lazily between 
-*- his bare toes as he walked along the 
narrow country road, now and then whistl- 
ing a snatch of an old time song. He was 
too lifeless to whistle a song that would 
require more energy for it was a spring 
afternoon. He wasn't more than 'fifteen 
years of age. He had a thatch oi brown 
hair, large expressive eyes of the same 
color and a face thickly populated with 
freckles. He was average build lor a boy 
his age. but his tattered grey shirt and his 
khaki pants were a little shy of being large 
enough. 

He neared a thickly wooded area and as 
he came up to it his step grew more. 
springy and his face lit up with anticipa- 
tion. He turned into an old patch that led 
into the woods. No twigs snapped under 
his feet. Surely he seemed a part of the 
forest as he glided along through the trees. 
The countless insects set up a humming as 
he entered the woods. the very trees 

seemed to bow before him. Here was a 
boy who was a part of nature. 

He stopped 'and looked undecidedly at a 
small plant with deeply cut leaves and a 
blossom that resembled a round ball of 
fuzz. Quickly he sank to his knees and 
his lung fingers expertly followed the one- 
root of the so-called "ground nut plant." 
The root extended into the ground for some 
half a foot and then his fingers found the 
sought-for prize and brought it forth. It 
was a small brown nut about the size of a 
marble. He dug several of these and put 
them in his pocket after which he con- 
tinued cm his way. 

A whir-r-r-r-r-r-r of wings greeted him 
as Mrs. Partridge flew a way.; and then 
lit and ran invitingly in front of him. He 
smiled wisely and went . to the spot where 
the bird flew up. There came two sharp 
clucks from Mother Partridge and numer- 
ous greyish brown balls of fuzz were hid- 
den from view in the leaves and ferns. He 
smiled again; this time an affectionate- 
smile that only one of the woods can un- 
derstand. He stooped and reached under 
a leaf that stirred slightly and pulled forth 
a baby partridge. It was like a baby turkey 
only many times smaller. He pressed it 



against Ids cheek and the chick seemed to 
understand for he peeped a little. Re- 
grettingly he released it and watched it 
scamper away. A baby partridge a day 
old is impossible to catch. Another thing 
is, the male partridge is not allowed near 
the nest by the Mother Partridge. He 
started back to the path. A late may- 
flower looked, longingly up at him as much 
as to say, "Where are all my brother and 
sister may flowers?" It looked lonely and 
perhaps a little wistful there alone. A 
bluejay shrieked at him, — the. pirate of the 
woods! A beautiful grey squirrel sauced 
the jay immediately and frisked down the 
trunk of the old oak, chattering all of the 
while at nothing. Th.cn he scampered over 
to the boy who stooped and picked him 
up. The}* were great companions, were 
these two. As soon as the squirrel was 
loosed he dove into the boy's pocket and 
brought forth a nut, chattering triumphant- 
ly and daring any other woodfolk to do 
the same. 

Two pine siskins sat side by side on an 
old branch cooing to each other lovingly 
for it was the mating season for the wood- 
folk. A hermit thrush trilled out a clear, 
mellow and tremulous song. It sounded 
as though he was afraid that some other 
bird would find how to make such a beauti- 
ful sound. A song sparrow took up the 
cry and poured forth one nearly as beauti- 
ful. He sat high on a branch and his 
dusky throat trembled a bit as he sang his 
happy frightened song 'of love and joy. 

The boy started forward again but he 
had not gone far when a handsome female 
goldfinch coated with feathers of soft yel- 
low and brown, hesitatingly sang a sobbing, 
broken cry of despair. Its little throat 
quivered with emotion for beside it on the 
ground lay its gorgeously colored mate. 
Never again would the woods hear its joy- 
ful cry! Never again would it croon songs 
of love to its mate, and never again would 
it feed insects into the hungry, waiting 
mouths of the clamoring young ones! The 
female bird put her head close to the male's 
and then with a catching sobbing cry de- 
parted. The boy cried softly and then 
buried it in the leaves. He noticed beside 
it a large blood red trillium. Even the 
flower seemed sad for it drooped towards 
the dead body of the bird. An evening 
breeze stole whisperingly through the pine, 
crooning a soft cheer up song to the mother 
bird. Even the bluejay and the squirrel 
were still during that moment of rever- 
ence that the woodfolk give in respect of 
the dead. A cotton tail rabbit broke the 
silence by thumping along under the small 
pine. Before the boy knew it dusk fell 
and the dark leaved evergreen trees made 
the woods shadowy and still. Nothing 
stirred. It was the point where the day 
woodfolk had gone to sleep and before the 
nightfolk have wakened. A lone white 
birch stood out against the hemlocks like 
a white rose on the dress of a nun. The 
insects of the night were waking. There 



THE HIGH SCHOOL ESSAY CONTEST 



387 



came a patter o: te* 

A whippoorwill st 
All of this any or. 
one little hour in 
vors none and wha 
she will show aaat 



istle in the leave?. 
its rythmic song-, 
sec by spending 
oods. Nature fa- 
will show to one 



What High School Has Done 

For Me 
By Catherine E. Paige 



W 



eare 1 



Ikli School 



M A T U R A L L Y . yc a - 
•*-^ "Me" is a girl in :.-- 
School, who realizes. 
what the high school fc 

The first year of the 
there were twenty '_:;:. 
them was "me." This h 
the bare necessities re- 
flourished, because of i 
the teachers and pupils, 

I, as well as the may 
live on a farm, i coul 
was bashful, and \ vas, 
country girl, just gradu 
school. 

At Weare High , c : 
make my own dresses. 
Iy, and to make myseli 
home. The budget kec 
Household Management 
to keep a budget or* .: ; 
help my father in his - 

Grammar school p :z : 
habit of depending up 
to high school. I was 
often felt abused when 
me use my brains" and 
myself. One of the st 
year was geometry. I 
cause I thought that r.) 
hard. One day, a the 
me to prove, but I n 
lesson and completely 
I took my geometry h 
the next day's les:or._ 
terested in working ,:: 
was then that I real: 
were made to use in 
inventing ways to get 
me. 

In Weare High Send 
people, from my n 
students. The debate 
part, no doubt, will be 
in my future life, for it 
talk easily and to say 
without "going all ar< 
Barn." The course in 
to think and talk ccrr 
important as one go- 

The incidents of im- 
pressed on my mind ti 
esty, truthfulness, erflo: 
not least, the meaning 



;ndcr who "me" is. 

last year of High 

>aftially, at least, 

s done for her. 
Veare High School 
enrolled. One of 

gh school had only 
start with, but it 
re perseverance of 

■ rity of the pupils, 

not sew or cook, 

in fact, a typical 

ted from grammar 

ool, I learned to 

j plan meals \\ ise- 

generally useful at 

a: school in the 

Course taught me 

own and, also, to 

: usually carry the 
a the teacher, on 

no exception and 
the teachers made 
bink things out for 
-lies in the second 
airked at first, be- 
er lessens were too 
rem was given to 
i not studied the 
"ailed. That night, 
me and studied on 
Soon I became in- 

z'r.t problems. It 
:i that my brains 
Li-dying, instead of 
-.f. teaciiers to help 



r e_;nir 



learned to meet 
- :.:: the other 

which I took 
-eat importance 
ill teach me to 
it is necessary 

? obin Hood's 
ash taught me 
This is most 
:gh life. ■ p 
T>.r- have im- 
z&ssity of hon- 
. -.:: i last, but 

': ;•: S spirit. 



School spirit should be in the heart of 
every pupil. It is not always called "school 
spirit," but whatever name it goes under, 
whether ioyalty or patriotism, it means 
the same. 

After much thought on the subject, I 
have decided that college is my aim. There 
are many chances to work in the different 
shops near my home, but by the time I 
was ready to decide, something made me 
want a higher education. College became 
the inevitable and Xew Hampshire State 
was the place. 

The Home Economics Course showed 
me how to do housework properly so that 
soon it became a pleasure instead of a hated 
task. I took great delight in doing work 
as it ought to be done, learning that, "Do 
what you do, well," is a most reliable motto. 

Another important thing which 1 have 
learned is to look for the more serious 
things in life, and to develop a liking for 
the deeper thoughts of great men and 
women. Literature has opened before me 
a new world; and all books are now a 
source of inspiration to me. Even novels 
are read for the style of the author instead 
of the mere story part of it. Literature 
has taken me to foreign countries and in- 
troduced me so that I do not feel like a 
stranger. 

The fundamentals of education are laid 
in grammar school, but they are expanded 
and firmly rooted in high school. There 
the pupil forms habits which last the rest 
of his life. The firmer the foundation, the 
stronger the building. It is for all of us to 
do our best and take advantage of the 
man)' opportunities which high school of- 
fers. 



Honorable Mention 
The Feelina* of An Immigrant 

Louise Mantegani 
Robinson Seminary 

TT is now nearly eleven years since I first 
-*■ saw the Custom House at Boston. I was 
then only a little immigrant of about eight 
years of age. When I walked down the 
gang-plank, and set foot on American soil, 
a thrill of joy elated my whole being. At 
last, after much preparation and a seeming- 
ly eternal voyage, I had arrived in the 
wonderful land which Lather had written 
of. We went to a department store to buy 
our first American clothes. I was filled 
with pride and happiness, but even then 
my keen senses perceived that some people 
were not over-joyed at seeing us. One 
may ask how a child of eight could ever 
have noticed such little things, but one 
must remember that an Italian child of 
eight is much older than an American 
child of the same. Even as I noticed the 
chilling glances that passers-by gave us, 1 
attributed them to our strange appearance 
in foreign garb, to our non-acquaintance 



388 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



with American ways and to the indiffer- 
ence of city people. 

We came to Exeter, and made our home 
here. When I had learned but a. lew words 
I entered the public schools. I shall al- 
ways remember my first day at school. 
As I entered the room, all the children 
turned around and regarded me as a very 
queer chihi. I was introduced to the 
teacher, and she assigned me to a seat in 
the front row. I watched the teacher's 
every movement, audi I am afraid the chil- 
dren watched me most of the time, as they 
seemed very absent-minded when they were 
called on to recite. At. recess the children 
forgot me. Only one little girl edged tim- 
idly up to me and made signs that she was 
friendly. I was very shy. therefore, for a 
long time I made but few acquaintances. 
My real friends were my teachers whom I 
worshipped from afar. I was eager to learn, 
and they did all they could to teach me 
both the language and the customs of my 
adopted country. 

As I passed from one grade to another, 
I began to realize that those first chilling- 
glances which I had felt, were the by- 
waters of the strong current of national 
feeling which exists in America. To gain 
practice in my new language, I read the 
papers. There 1 found many evidences of 
that strong current of national feeling. 
Sometimes I heard that even court cases 
were decided on nationality. This fact 
grieved me; but whenever any one spoke 
of it, I would always find excuses for it. 
I do not want people to be embittered by 
that strong under current, for 1 began to 
feel that such a feeling exists all over the 
earth, wherever two nationalities mix. 

From the public schools I entered the 
Seminary. Here again I was thrown 
among strangers. I was awe stricken as 
1 marched up stairs "for the first morning 
exercises, and watched all the other girls 
march in. I never had thought there were 
so many girls in the town. As I also 
watched the teachers take their places on 
the platform, I wondered if I should have 
to have all of them in one day. As I lis- 
tened to Mr. Bisbee's speech, one sentence 
of it remained in my mind. "It makes no 
difference to me who your parents are. 
what they do, or what you wear. It's 
what you do and make of yourselves that I 
am interested in." 1 breathed a great sigh 
of relief; for, here, at last, I had found a 
place where hated current of national 
feeling is almost exempt. As he finished 
his short but impressive speech, I was sure 
that I should like the school. I made up 
my mind to do my best and to be graduated 
from it, no matter how hard the work 
proved to be. 

I have advanced from one class to an- 
other, and at the beginning of each year 
the same impressive speech has been made 
by Mr. Bisbee. Each time a thrill of joy 
has passed through me; and I have won- 
dered how many of these fir^t graders 
have been impressed as I was. At last I 
have reached the Senior Class, the goal I 



have set my heart on. To be sure I have 
not gone through the ordeal without dif- 
ficulty; for many a stumbling block has 
stood in my way, and often 1 have been al- 
most discouraged. 

During my five years at the Seminary, 
1 have come to know that the feeling be- 
tween nationalties has always existed, but 
only the thoughtless and ignorant would 
iiarp on such a delicate subject. This 
wonderful land cannot be blamed for the 
conditions which exist within it. It is the 
duly ot each individual to do his bit to 
rectify them. 

I am sure that with my training and edu- 
cation, 1 can help foreigners to become 
good citizens. In what better way can I 
show my gratitude to America? 



Honorable Mention 

Our Trip to the 

"Old Man of the Mountain" 

By Muriel Lydia Seymour 

Whitefielci High School 

TT was earl)" dawn when we started on our 
•*• trip to visit "The Old Man of the 
Mountain." Our party consisted of four 
girls and three boys, with Rev. Guy Rob- 
eits of Whitefield as our guide. 

Arriving at the. Profile House, we parked 
our cars and after a short rest, made ready 
for our climb up Profile Mountain. 

The day was warm, but a cooling breeze 
made the first part of the climb very en- 
joyable. At the base of the mountain, we 
noticed that the trees were extra tall and 
as the foliage was exceedingly dense, the 
sun did not shine directly on us, for which 
we were truly grateful. 

As. we slowly made our way up the wind- 
ing path, which led to the summit of the 
mountain, we found that the ascent was 
gradually becoming steeper and steeper. 
In these steeper places small streams of 
water trickled over the rocks, making them 
so slippery that it was almost impossible 
for anyone to pass without help. 

At last we came to a less steep path, 
where the sun burst forth upon us warm- 
ing our bones, which had, in spite of the 
difficult climb, become chilled by the damp- 
ness of the woods. 

In answer to our inquiries. Mr. Roberts 
told us that we were near the top of the 
mountain and drew our attention to the 
fact, that the trees were becoming scarce 
and stunted in growth. He explained that 
the severe winters and the heavy wind? 
tended to check the growth of the trees 
and made them very brittle, .which we 
found to be true when we tried to break 
the branches. 

After another climb we reached a flat 
rock, the summit of the mountain, from 
which we could see the surrounding coun- 
try. On the north, and south of us, valley 
after valley and hill after hill stretched out, 
and on the east of us Lafayette mountain 



THE HIGH SCHOOL ESSAY CONTEST 



389 



overshadowed the valley beneath, re- 
vealing it's deep ravines and gulches. Be- 
hind lis we saw the dense woods, through 
which we had just come. The beauty of 
the scenery was truly a wonder in itself. 

Leaving this rock, we started down the 
opposite side of the mountain toward the 
top of the head. The guide proceeded, and 
we followed him closely, as there were no 
paths or landmarks of any kind to show u< 
the way. The trees and small scrubs had 
now entirely disappeared, and only bare 
rock faced us. 1 hese rocks were very 

steep and sloping, so we slid rather than 
walked for about one hundred icet. until 
we came to smoother ground, where we 
once more gained our feet. 

When the guide had hunted over a vast 
area of land, he found a large pointed rock, 
which directed the way to the exact rock 
forming the head of "the Old Man." He 
allowed us for the first time a real rest from 
our climb. 

During our rest Mr. Roberts told us the 
story of the Profile. These are the facts 
he told us as we sat there: 

The Profile was first discovered by 
white men in 1805. For quite a few years 
it was not visited except by those who lived 
near, but since the highway and the rail- 
road have been built through Franconia, 
multitudes have viewed with admiration 
"the Great Stone Face" and have gone 
their way satisfied to see it in its sublime 
grandeur as outlined against the sky, and 
have carried away a never-to-be-forgotten 
picture of it. 

The Profile is formed on a shoulder of 
what was called Cannon Mountain, and 
juts out into space some twelve hundred 
feet above Profile Lake. It is made up of 
five layers of granite, one exactly above the 
other. Of these, one forms the chin, an- 
other the upper lip, a third the nose, and 
the remaining two form the forehead. In 
height, the Profile is ninety feet from the 
bottom of the chin to the top of the fore- 
head. 

Some forty years ago certain members 
of the Appalachian Mountain Club located 
these Profile forming ledges; and in doing 
so discovered that one of the large rocks, 
which forms the prominent part of the 
forehead was in danger of falling off. The 
discovery was written up and printed in 
several publications at the time, and a fur- 
ther examination was made by the proprie- 
tor of the Profile House, with the decision 
that owing to the size of the rock, nothing 
could be done to 'save the face' of "The 
Old Man of The Mountain." Here the 
matter was dropped and in the main for- 
gotten. 

At this time, Mr. Roberts was interrupted 
by a hungry one of our group, who felt it 
his duty to suggest that we should eat our 
lunch. While eating our guide continued 
his story as follows:— 

"When for the first time, I gazed spell- 
bound upon this marvel I wondered how, 
when the Profile was slowly moving toward 
its doom, men could stand calmly by and 



let such a disaster go on. 

"1 investigated the matter and a little later 
mentioned it to the Proprietor of the Pro- 
file House, who again reviewed and investi- 
gated the former discovery. But the mat- 
ter was left as before, in spite of the ex- 
pressed conviction that 'it was only a 
question of time before the Profile would . 
face its destruction.' 

"Several years came and passed before 
the possibility of carrying out the plan of 
saving the Profile presented itself. But 
finally it came. 

"Mr. E. H. Geddes, manager of the C. H. 
Hardwick Company's granite quarries in 
Quincy, Mass.; being a personal acquaint- 
ance of mine, examined the head with me, 
and after we had taken measurements and 
made models in brass, a means was found 
by which the Profile could be saved. 

"With the help of the state, the slipping 
rock making up the forehead was fastened 
to the ledge from which it had been pushed 
by the melting of snow and ice, by means 
of Lewis-blocks and turn-buckles. These 
were so fastened that they formed a kind 
of hinge for the rock to swing on, as it often 
does in a heavy storm. In this way New 
Hampshire's most wonderful attraction has 
been saved to posterity." 

By this time, we had finished our lunch, 
and Mr. Roberts made ready to paint the 
rods and buckles which held the rock to 
the ledge. He explained that the buckles 
had to be painted every year to prevent 
them from rusting. Each one in the party 
helped to paint portions of the rods and we 
were elated by the fact, that we had had 
the honor of painting the "hairpins" of 
"The Old Man" as Mr. Roberts called them. 

After taking several snapshots of the 
various views, we reluctantly turned out- 
backs and retraced our steps back over the 
route we had come. It took us but a few 
minutes to go down the mountain, and soon 
after reaching our cars, we were on our 
way to see the wonder we had been told 
about while on the summit. 

We arrived at the site where we could 
view the features of "The Old Man," and 
while looking for the first time upon Na- 
ture's curiosity. The Profile, this passage 
which Daniel Webster once said, and which 
I had once learned, came to my mind. 

"Men hang out their signs indicative of 
their respective trades; shoe-makers hang 
out a gigantic shoe, jewelers a monster 
watch, and the dentist hangs out a gold 
tooth; but up in the Mountains of New 
Hampshire, God Almighty has hung out a 
sign to show that there He makes men." 

We hurried our departure as it was be- 
coming late afternoon, and were soon on 
our way home. Our party was very quiet 
during the trip back, first maybe because 
we were tired and secondly because our 
minds may have been questioning the same 
as Laura S. Grey did in her verse: — 
"Is he watching for the morning 
When these hills shall pass away? 
Is he waiting for the dawning 
Of the Grand Eternal Day?" 



3 c lo 






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Beam Scales — Weighing the Thanksgiving Gifts 

A KITCHEN OF 1825 IN A THRIVING 

NEW ENGLAND TOWN 

The Heart of Our Ancestors' House 

By Elinor Stearns 

Reprinted by Permission from Old-Time Neiv England. 



IN the basement of one of those old 
brick houses built nearly a century 
ago in one of out fast -growing sea- 
port towns was the old kitchen, as I 
remember it, low studded and dark ex- 
cept in days of bright sunshine. The 
vast kitchen of colonial days, with its 
broad beams fringed with pendant ears 
of corn and dried meat, its spinning- 
wheel, loom and reels, still held the 
place of home- factory in the country, 
but in the city it was no longer possible 
to be independent and self-sustaining. 
There the kitchen ceilings were plaster- 
ed to hide the beams, walls were painted, 
the breadth of the fireplace reduced and 
no longer could city children see the 
stars through the wide mouth of the 
chimney. While coal had not replaced 
wood, nor gas and petroleum succeeded 
lard and whale-oil lamps, in my younger 
days, still our kitchen would have been 
considered a model of progress to the 
country cousin of that period. The 
pendant hams had been relegated to a 
smoke-room connected with the chim- 



ney in one of the attic chambers, where 
inside a brick and soapstone closet, with 
a door opening like an oven, meat was 
hung on rows of hooks to be cured or 
smoked in preparation for the long New 
England winter. But "such was the 
stride of progress that by 1850 many 
of our neighbors had dispensed with 
fireplace cooking and considered our 
methods of a previous generation primi- 
tive and clumsy. In truth, our practice 
was something between that of eighteenth 
century days and the beginnings of 
an ingenious saving of labor of the mid- 
dle of the nineteenth century. 

In my youthful days the well-equip- 
ped, comfortable kitchen was the heart 
of the house and when the lamps were 
lighted and the barred shutters closed 
and a great wood fire sent out its flick- 
ering glow, the room became irresisti- 
ble to every member of a generous- 
sized family. The kitchen was some 
twenty feet square with windows re- 
cessed in the deep walls of the house 
and secured against cold and intrusion 



A KITCHEN OF 1825 



391 



by folding panelled shutters which were 
held firmly in place by wooden hars fit- 
ted into sockets half way up the ease- 
mem. One of these same bars I re- 
member was often placed across the 
hacks of two square-topped Windsor 
chairs and" from it was suspended the 
flannel bag containing the viscid com- 
position of real calves-foot jelly that 
must be strained while warm into a 
great yellow - ware 
howl set below it. 
And this same bar 
or one of its mates 
served in similar 
position to hold the 
scales with their 
three- foot beam, the 
scoop on one end and 
the leaden 






weight- 
holder on the other, 
set up the day he- 
fore Thanksgiving to 



f. - 



sugar 



the Vinegar Barrel 
to 



and flour 
the 



weigh out the butte 

for some of the poor families of 

town. 

The fireplace, the glowing eye of the 
room, of course, was the center of at- 
traction. Although not of the gener- 
ous dimensions of its colonial forerun- 
ners, it easily held the hickory logs 
''once cut," ten cords of which were an- 
nually piled in the great barn adjoining 
the house after being sawed and split 
at the sidewalk edge by some itinerant 
wood-sawyer. In a leathern, apron-like 
strap, which when folded over the wood 
was lifted by its handles, one at each 
end, after the manner of a carpet bag, 
supplies were brought in daily to fill 
the kitchen woodbox. And the kind- 
lings! None of the motley, machine-cut 
odds "and ends of wood, the refuse of 
mills and box factories, but the deli- 
cious smelling, old-time, hand-made 
''cooper's chips" flaked off in great 
curving pieces from country oak at the 
coopers' shops "down town" by the 
wharves where barrels and casks were 
made to hold New England rum and 
New Bedford whale oil. And to make 
certain that the lire would burn 



the Barn 
handle. 



nnickly, there was the bark pile in the 
barn, a good supply of which was al- 
ways kept on hand. 

On the crane in the fireplace was 
hung, besides the smaller kettle and the 
pot for boiling potatoes and the like, a 
great three-gallon water kettle with a 
long spout and faucet from which hot 
water could always be drawn without 
tipping it. Heavy wrought-iron fire- 

______ dogs or andirons 

1 stood beneath the 

j crane with hook-like 

brackets on the 

I back, toward the fire. 

j on which to place 
i 

a temporary spit, 

not, as in modern 
. ■ ornamental imita- 
■ H tions, absurdly hold- 
ing a poker, which, 
~~~ in this position, 
would be too hot 
In the fireplace, too, 
was the comparatively newfangled in- 
troduction, the "copper back log," which 
contained a coil of piping and sup- 
plied hot water to a tank and to 
the bathroon above. These came in 
about 1840 and disappeared with the 
introduction of coal fires and ranges 
with water-fronts. But the iron "fore- 
stick" must not be forgotten,— it held 
the heaping firewood in place and kept 
the fire within prescribed limits and 
served, too, as the basis of the thrifty 
housekeeper's joke, "Oh! yes! we 
save a great deal of wood by having a 
copper hack-log and iron forestick." 

And then there was the water sup- 
ply, of which our town was proud to 
be in advance of some of its bigger 
neighbors in the date of installing. All 
the way from the "fountains," some 
miles beyond the town, were laid wood- 
en logs bored with a three-inch hole 
end fitted into one another. These logs 
were connected at right angles with the 
house I07 which stood beside our sink. 



Th 



ere was, of course, no upstairs sup- 



ply until a force-pump was set up later, 
but many a kettle- full of water was 



392 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



---,: '-'V: 






I 



. M 



■ 



.. 



The house log and wooden sink. 



drawn from the wooden fatmcet which 
had a curious way of popping out un- 
expectedly so that it must be forced 
back and pounded into | place with a 
hammer. 

Before the fireplace was set the "tin- 
kitchen" in which were roasted the tur- 
keys, chickens, cuts of beef, and legs of 
mutton. Spitted and skewered in place, 
these were every now and then given a 
half -turn by the crank at the end in 
order to bring the other side of the 
roast to the fire, for the clockwork 
"jack," a survival of colonial days, 
was then not much used in city houses. 
Frequently, too, the door at the back 
of the tin-kitchen was opened and with 
a long-handled spoon the roast was 
basted from the drip pan below. And 
the delightful bed of coals that evolved 
in the old fireplace ! And such succu- 
lent beefsteaks and mutton chops as 
were cooked over them on the heavy 
gridiron, the small grooves of which 
leading to a large groove near 
the handle, conducted the juices 



to a tempt- 

i n g pool 
thence to be 
poured over 
the b r o i 1 
when dished 
for the tabic. 
Xo such de- 
licious cook- 
ery can be 
secured by 
any other 
process. 

But the 
pride of the 
old kitchen 
was the bat- 
tery of boil- 
ers a n d 
ovens with 
fi r e-b o xes 
b eneath 
the m o n 
either side 
of the fire- 
place. First 
came the 
copper wash-boiler, with its individual 
fire-box, ready for Monday observances; 
next it was the ham boiler, a two-story 
affair of thick tin, constricted above and 
topped by a smaller detachable steamer 
for plum puddings and the like, but 
being seldom used, it served to hold the 
stock of sulphurous friction matches; 
this, too, had its own fire-box below. Be- 
yond the large, open fire-place, again with 
an individual fire-box, was the Rum ford 
oven, always in great demand just be- 
fore Thanksgiving and Christmas. This 
invention of the famous Count Rum- 
ford may still be found in old kitchens 
and possibly still may be used in some 
of them, but it is a curiosity to most 
persons of the present generation. Made 
of iron, deep set in the brickwork, its 
door opened by a brass handle, while 
two small ventilators below and another 
above leading to the chimney fine regu- 
lated the temperature. When the door 
was thrown open a cavern some three 
feet deep was disclosed with a slatted 
iron shelf in the middle, which could be 



A KITCHEN OF 1825 



393 



pulled forward by means f~ 
ui rods with brass knobs [ 
outside the frame of the j 
oven. in-.it, not only 
the daily bread, or de- 
lectable cake and the 
"Molly Saunders" gin- 
gerbread, but a full 
dozen pies could be 
baked at one time. 

Beyond the oven was 
the closet for the family 
of pots and kettles of 
iron, brass, and copper 
scoured fresh and bright. 
with curious skillets and 
frying pans and the 
long-handled breadtoast- 
er hinged at the junction 
of the handle and rack- 
so that, by an easy 
swinging of the aft air. 
the slices of toasting 
bread could be turned 
without reaching in 
where the fire was too 
hot for comfort. The 
kitchen had a more dis- 
tant closet where larger III 
things were kept and 
big roomy store closets 
for groceries and the usual kitchen sup- 
plies. The tongs, poker, and fire shovel 
were always standing near the fireplace 
in an angle of the brickwork; the turkev 






« 



< 



;< ■ 









i 







The smoke room in the attic. 

ton to pack tempting baskets for fami- 
lies less fortunate than our own in 
worldly goods for their Thanksgiving 



celebration. It was a busy day and the 
wings, saved to sweep up the hearth, kitchen was the centre of activity, 
hung on the oven knobs; the bunch of Bundles and cloth bags— for paper ones 
iron meat skewers was swinging from had not then appeared— were carefully 
a nail higher up; and on the soapstone stuffed with good things. It is easy 
frame of the ham boiler was kept the to recall our sturdy old darky, who for 



friendly bellows ever ready to assist in 
putting new life into a pile of dying 
embers. 

With this elaborate and tenderly 
cared for outfit for th- roasting and 
toasting, the baking and broiling of 
good things, it is a wonder that the day 
of days for the children of the family 
was the day before Thanksgiving? It 
was the custom in that homogeneous age 
to weigh out and measure out flour, 
sugar, tea, potatoes, butter, etc., and with 



that day was pressed into the service as 
express man, with his huge market- 
basket, a head of celery protruding from 
one of its double covers and the yellow 
legs of a pair of chickens from the other. 
The Rum ford oven was in full blast, 
the matches were taken out of the 
boiler top, the fire-lighted beneath; even 
the wash-boiler was called into service 
and the whole battery was engaged. 
While real pies were being made at a 
great table, we children made our tov 



small turkeys, chickens, and legs of mut- ones; that is, we had a piece of dough 



394 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



to keep us quiet nncl that dough re- 
sembled brown-bread dough before our 
pie was moulded to our taste. 

Only previous to a dinner party or 
Thanksgiving were these wholesale 
preparations for feasting undertaken, so 
that it is not strange that the Xew Eng- 
land feast day brings easily to mind,— 
not the ordering of a few baskets of 



fruit by telephone — but a cosy twilight 
room, littered with heavy, curious im- 
plements, reeking with good smells, 
noisy and cheerful consultations and 
laughter, and at last, out of chaos, an 
orderly pile of interesting packages ap- 
pearing to have spilled out of a full 
larder no corner of which was left 
empty. 




WHAT QUALITIES M. 

Some Prominent Women and 

HAT qualities or characteristics 
are most necessary to the attain- 
ment of success in this world ? 
We asked the question of a group of 
successful and prominent women in the 
state. We asked it also of some girls 
in high school. The answers need no 
editorial comment, but perhaps the key- 
note of the replies may be summed up 
in the words of Hugh Walpole : " 'Tisn't 
life that matters ; it 
brings to it." 



& 



KE FOR SUCCESS? 



the courage one 



DR. ANNA B. PARKER 

New Hampton, N. H. 

President of the N. H. 

League of Women Voters 

Success is, first of all. a vision of 

achievement so well worthwhile that it. 

fires the spirit with enthusiasm and 

courage to undertake its fulfilment. 

The second lequisite is faith in the 
power and intelligence of the hidden 
self to turn all circumstances and events 
of life toward the final goal. 

The final demand is for hard and per- 
sistent work that refuses to admit defeat 
or allow any discouragement to paralyze 
or lessen effort. 

It is also a great help to feel there 
is no urgent need of hurry. 

EMMA L. BARTLETT 

Raymond, N. H. 

Member of the New Hampshire 

Legislature 

Be yourself — and forget yourself. 

Cultivate the "human touch.'' Be sym- 



Girls Answer the Question 

pathetic alike with beggars and kings. 
Help all in every way you can. Be es- 
pecially considerate of the cast down in 
spirit, the weak who have fallen, and 
charitable to the self-righteous — who 
need to fall. Radiate courage and good 
cheer and keep alive a fine faith in God 
and your fellow men. 



FRANCES PARKINSON KEYES 

Washington, D. C. 

Wife of Senator Henry W. Keyes 

It seems to me that, first of all, a girl 

must have a tiny spark of that flame 

we call talent .... Given that little spark 

the rest of the formula is simple. I 

heard a great sculptor say once that it 

could be expessed in three words — 

"Work— work — work." I should alter 

that a little and say, "Work — fight — 

pray." 



DAISY DEANE WILLIAMSON 
State Home Demonstration Leader 

New HampsJiirc College 
A real vision of life's work, stability 
of character, energy, good judgment, 
reliability, leadership, promptness in ac- 
tion, "stick-to-it-iveness" and a pleasing 
personality. 

LILIAN S. EDWARDS 
Many years ago I heard a fine lecture 
by Professor Drummond on the re- 
quirements of a complete life as shown 
in the picture, The 
worship, love or companionship, 
work. 



Angelus, namely, 
md 



WHAT QUALITIES MAKE FOR SUCCESS 



395 



EFFIE E. YAXT1S 
Manchester, X. H. 
Member Nctv Hampshire Legislature 
I happen to know two girls who both 
made failures of their first lemon pies. 
One said, "I will never make another 
lemon pie ;'' the other. "I shall never 
give up till 1 learn row to make the 
best lemon pie anyone ever tasted." 

To carry on no matter what happens 
is the onlv road to success. 



LYD1A ELEANOR BLOD.GETT 

Woods ville High School 

Class of 1°25 

Three characteristics of an individual 
which of themselves must bring forth 
success are Character. Reputation, and 
Personality. Character is like an in- 
ward or spiritual grace. Reputation 
should be the outward or visible sign. 
Personality is that which distinguishes 
a person and is made up of conscien- 
tious, character and will. 



ROSAMOND FOSTER 
Stevens High School 
Claremont, N. II. 
1 have always thought that if any- 
one is determined enough to be success- 
ful, he can certainly carry out his de- 
>ire. He must have will power and am- 
bition. Then, too, he must be con- 
scientious and honest and willing to 
work hard. 



girl's 



VERNA B. FRIEND 

Eaco ma High S c hool 
Laconia, X. H. 
No mailer what a "•"-!'< 
may be, no matter what natural talent 
and mental ability she may have, it is 
the steady work, day by day, that 
counts. A girl must also be able to 
think clearly, to understand human na- 
ture, to be sympathetic and free from 
narrow-mindedness. 



IVLA K. TRACY 

Concord High School 
Class of 1023 

I believe there are two things neces- 
sary to the attainment of success in this 
world — vision and concentration. 

Before a painter can put one stroke 
of the wet brush on the canvas, he must 
have in mind a perfectly clear vision of 
how that canvas is to look when com- 
pleted. Then, with this vision always 
before him, he must concentrate all his 
mind and energy on making every 
stroke tell of some progress made 
toward the final perfection of Iris pic- 
ture. 

So it is that when we begin to plan 
our lives, we must first gain an objec- 
tive toward which to direct our efforts 
and then by concentration make every 
day contribute something to the attain- 
ing of that end. 



Program for Dover's 300tli Anniversary 



orks and grand illumination. 

Union Service at City Hall, including' an historical ad- 
ice on the site of the old meeting house with 300th An 



Saturday, August 18 — Evening: Bon fire, firew 

Sunday, August 19— M 
dress; Sunset: Ves;; 
niversary chorus m colonial costume 

Monday, August 20— Open House and Band Concerts. 

Tuesday, August 21 ^-Governors Day — Morning: Historical pageant at Dover Point to 
include water features: Afternoon: Reception to distinguished guests. Historical 
address. Drill by Strafford Guards. (Oldest Military organization in the city.) 
Evening : Band concerts. 

Wednesday, August 22 — Morning: Firemen's Parade; Noon: Community Picnic at Gup- 
pey* Park. Program of -ports during the afternoon; Evening: Street dancing to 
the music of the band. 

Thursday, August 23- — Morning: Annual Meeting of Society of Colonial Wars. Civic, 
historical and industrial parade; Evening: Mardi Gras Carnival Night. 



w 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Conducted by Vivian Savacool. 

Comrades of the Rollins; Ocean 

By Rat. i 1 ii D. Paine 
Houghton Mifflm Co. 



(•riQ!OMRADES of the Rolling 

I , Ocean" is another of the adven- 
turesome, salty sea tales which 
Ralph Paine has written. This one, like 
the others, is fascinating because the 
facts stated seem to be fiction but are 
indeed facts stranger than fiction, as 
many of the incidents in the hook are 
taken from his own experiences at sea. 
It is needless to tell the people of New 
Hampshire about Ralph D. Paine. He 
is a New Hampshire man, and those 
who do not know him may learn about 
his interesting life in his autobiography 
-Roach 
This 

after the war when the construction 
of a splendid merchant marine for 
usages of war presents to young men an 
opportunity for a career which will not 
only be a source of happiness and suc- 
cess to them but a chance to help their 
country by aiding the United States in 
maintaining her fine fleet and establish- 
ing permanently her return to the sea. 
For at the present time many of our 
boats are not only manned by a foreign 
crew but the officers are also foreigners 

salaries 
under the 



of Adventure." 

sea yarn deals with the period 



large 



who are attracted f 
and better conditions to sail 
American flag, although they have no 
respect for our service or desire to make 
it stand for all that is best in the life of 
the sea. The danger which Mr. Paine 
perceives is that this country will lose 
the place she has regained among the 
most powerful nations on the ocean. 

In answer to this need young Judson 
Wyman leaves North Dakota and jour- 
neys to Virginia to begin his life as a 
sailor. "Kid" Briscoe, "the hard-boiled 
guy," is also one of the group traveling 
to Newport News. From dislike, sus- 
picion, and fighting evolves a true friend- 
ship between the two boys which makes 
them forever loyal to each other and 



true comrades of the sea. Their pact 
is sealed by the heroic grit and strength 
of Judson which saves "Kid's" life. 
"Kid" becomes an ardent ally in helping 
Judson maintain the ship's record with- 
out a smirch. A most valuable ally he 
proves himself to be in bringing to light 
the plans for smuggling rum entertained 
by Maddigan, one of the group of stu- 
dents, and later in watching the myster- 
ious, dangerous Mendoza. A third is 
admitted to their pact, however, after 
their return from their first trip on a 
steamer of the Shipping Board fleet to 
learn the sailor's trade. The third of 
the three Musketeers of Blue Water, as 
.Mr. Paine calls his heroes, is Spencer 
Torrance, a scholar and professor in the 
college in North Dakota which Judson 
attended. He begins his career as a 
super cargo, but he finds himself doing 
many things outside his official duties. 

The}- are all thrilled and. inspired by 
hardship and dangers, inspired to "carry 
through" always and to maintain past 
-traditions. They have a chance to 
prove their spirit, courage, and in- 
genuity first when, left alone in a shat- 
tered half of a boat in the perilous 
North Sea, they try to navigate her back- 
to port. Again, in the Pacific, it is only 
by nimble wits as well as courage that 
they are able to save a comrade and 
to preserve their own lives until 
rescued. 

If the author's purpose is to make 
his readers feel the lure of the sea be- 
cause of its mystery and ever-changing 
surface, to see the fascination which lies 
in the adventures it offers, in the chance 
it gives to see the world, Air. Paine has 
succeeded. His own love of the sea, 
his wealth of detailed knowledge about 
sea customs, sea men, and sea life, and 
his enjoyment of spinning a yarn make 
success inevitable. 



- 



o -' r 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About Unofficial Pageants 



X17THEN the impending epidemic of 
\y pageants has swept over New 
Hampshire, leaving its victims 
nursing mosquito bites and vaguely be- 
wildered in an effort to distinguish be- 
tween history and symbolism in the spec- 
tacles they have witnessed, it will un- 
doubted! v seem that the whole gamut of 
pageant possibilities has been run. that 
all material suitable for pageant use has 
been exhausted. But this is not the 
case. On every side, in the every-day 
experience of every one of us. is pageant 
material which will never in all proba- 
bility be dressed up in costume for an 
audience to pay box-office prices to wit- 
ness. 



The very preparation of a pageant 
is an unofficial Pageant of Pageants. 
Cast in regulation form, it would have 
great possibilities. There are two ver- 
sions : first, the professional pageant, in 
which the spot lights focus on a directing 
personality, around whom are grouped 
in attitudes of reverent adoration, bevies 
of committees, functioning solely as 
background; and second, the amateur 
pageant, with a spotlight for each per- 
former, a self-appointed central figure, 
usually the author, engaging in a per- 
petual whirling dervish act, committee 
groups which mingle in confused mazes 
of dance or tugs of war, and in the back- 
ground, Legend and History tangled up 
in a boxing bout. The first version is 
more correct and expensive ; the second 
affords more thrills. In one or other of 
these pageants, nearly all of us have, at 
some time in our lives, played at least 
a minor role. 



Another unofficial pageant, very sea- 
sonable just now, might be called the 
Pageant of Relatives. Its prologue 
shows the weary housewife, standing at 
daybreak at her door and scanning the 
horizon for approaching cars. Like all 
real pageants it plays up surprise at- 



tacks, not by Indians, but by cousins and 
nephews who arrive in seven-passenger 
motor ears on Saturday night after the 
stores close, expecting to spend the week- 
end. It is divided conventionally into 
Episodes, one of the most thrilling being 
when your Uncle Henry and your wife's 
Uncle James, sworn enemies and busi- 
ness rivals, arrive, both unexpectedly, 
one from the north and one from the 
south, on a night when you have only 
one guest room left. 

It is said on good authority that every 
citizen of New Hampshire, during the 
months of July and August, plays either 
an offensive or a defensive part in this 
pageant. 



And for historical pageants — what a 
wealth of material is afforded each clay! 
Tt is interesting to speculate upon the 
sort of performance which wiil be staged 
along about 2223, when a grateful pos- 
terity celebrates the Tecentenary of Us. 

Our "Fred the Silent" at the State 
House — what a grand figure he may cut in 
a pageant procession wben three hundred 
years have cast about hisbasefall uniform 
and bat the glamor of romance ! Think 
of the thrill which may pass through an 
audience confronted by the man whom 
many believe destined to next occupy 
the Governor's chair, as gun on shoulder 
and followed by hordes of hounds, he 
emerges from his mountains to enter the 
thick of the fight ! How heroic an epi- 
sode may be woven about our Senior 
Senator, standing with a finger in the 
hole in the dike and holding back, by his 
unaided efforts the floods of radicalism 
which threatens to drown out the Re- 
publican party ! For knightly figures, 
with crusader spirit, who could be more 
worthy to be celebrated in pageant and 
song than those two brave souls, Com- 
missioners of Prohibition and Motor 
Vehicles, riding forth to do battle with 
the twin vices of "booze" and "mush." 
And for the chorus, the rnob, so essen- 



398 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



tial in any pageant production, what 
could be more effective than the host of 
those who, at the next election are to 



become — if their own guess is correct — 
either Governor of New Hampshire or 
United States Senator? — H. F. M. 



ANNOUNCEMENTS 



FROM various sources it has come 
to our attention that many readers 
of the Granite Monthly have a 
mistaken impression that personality 
write-ups which appear in these pages 
are, in one way or another, paid for by 
the persons written about. In justice 
to ourselves as well as to those whose 
photographs have been used in the maga- 
zine during the past few months, we 
wish to take this opportunity of correct- 
ing this impression. There are many 
people in New Hampshire who, because 
of the work which they are doing or the 
positions which they hold, are of unusual 
interest to their neighbors. The Gran- 
ite Monthly wants, so far as space 
will permit, to bring such p>eople to the 
attention of its readers, but it does this 
without asking any return whatever. 
We do not even ask that the person writ- 
ten up buy the cut used with the article, 
and in some cases, the photogaph from 
which the cut is made is itself, paid for 
by the monthly. 



The Kearsarge controversy ■ referred 
to in the July issue is evidently not yet a 
thing of the past. Hardly was the 
magazine off the press when we received 
a visit from a staunch defender of the 
Merrimack County Kearsarge, who gave 
us to understand in no uncertain terms 
that investigation by the Historical- So- 
ciety had established beyond question 
the fact that that mountain is the one, 
only, original Kearsarge. We pointed 
out the fact that our claims had nothing 
to do with disputes about priority, but 
were based on the single assertion, back- 
ed by the highest authority in the coun- 
try, that a battleship had been named for 
the Carroll County mountain. If this 
was the wrong mountain, that was the 
battleship's misfortune. 



Our cover design is the drawing used 
on the posters of the Portsmouth Ter- 
centenary celebration. It was drawn by 
the famous artist, E. C. Tarbell, espec- 
ially for the occasion. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



Henry Bailey Stevens of New 
Hampshire University is familiar by this 
time to all Granite Monthly readers. 
In his capacity of publicity director of 
the University, he has done much to ex- 
tend its influence and to spread the 
knowledge of its good work, so that men 
and women and boys and girls from all 
over the state are eager to take advantage 
of the Farmers' and Home-makers' 
week of which he writes in this issue. 



in which he is tremendously interested 
and a record of progress for which he 
has himself been partly responsible. 



Erwin F. Keene is a writer who 
makes his home in Concord, and who is 
much interested in the work done by 
high school boys and girls in English 
Composition. 



James O. Lyford has been Bank Com- 
missioner for many years. His story 
of the Savings Banks of the state, there- 
fore, is both an account of an enterprise 



Professor G. F. Potter is head or 
the Horticultural Department at New 
Hampshire University. This is his sec- 
ond article which has to do with suc- 
cessful orchards in New Hampshire. 



' 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

A Page of Clippings 



Our Summer Visitors 

Automobile gicknickers should re- 
member to take care of the rubbish 
created by them. A person's character 
and real worth are indicated by the 
amount of "clutter'' he leaves undisposed 
of behind him. 

— Samcrsivorth Free Press. 



Automobiles have increased so rapid- 
ly this year in New Hampshire that 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles John 
F. Griffin says that "an automobile for 
every family" will soon be the satura- 
tion point to be reached. 

While the commissioner of motor ve- 
hicles is highly gratified at the rapid 
increase, because each automobile brings 
in revenue to his department, one of his 
fellow-commissioners, Andrew L. Fel- 
ker of the department of agriculture- 
is somewhat put out because many of 
the cars are used by city folks to make 
raids on farmers' market gardens. An 
increasing number of motorists feel 
that possession of an automobile makes 
it superfluous on their part to have 
gardens of their own. They can use 
their cars to go to the farmer's garden, 
eliminate the middleman and solve the 
transportation problem by an applica- 
tion of the cafeteria system to farm 
products. Self-service is all right in 
some lines, but the commissioner of ag- 
riculture says that the farmers will 
never get rich nn the patronage of mo- 
torists who help themselves but neglect 
to notify the farmer that they are tak- 
ing away his crops. 

— Hobart Pillsbury in tlic Boston 
Herald. 



For years there has been a steady 
campaign educating the American people 
in the preservation of their woods and 
forests. Still there are fires, for the 
hardest thing in the world to teach the 
human race is self -protection and the 



most difficult defect of character to 
remedy is carelessness. 

Those who enjoy Nature should be 
the first to care for her and the last to 
destroy her. 

— Laconia Democrat. 



The Coming Campaign 

The Monitor-Patriot makes the inter- 
esting announcement that those who 
are close to Huntley N. Spaulding 
understand that Mr. Spaulding will 
soon announce that he will be a candi- 
date against Senator Keyes in the 
forthcoming primaries for the Repub- 
lican United States Senatorial nomin- 
ation. The same paper states that Ma- 
jor Frank Knox and former Governor 
are possible candidates. If Sen- 
Keyes is to experience opposition 



Bass 
a tor 



he probably would prefer to have all 
three enter the field that he might the 
more easily carry off the nomination 
with the opposition divided. Mr. 
Spaulding is probably as strong an op- 
ponent as the present Senator could ex- 
pect to meet and a contest between the 
two would be most spirited. It is re- 
called, however, that Mr. Spaulding 
ran against Moses once upon a time 
and lost by a considerable margin. A 
defeat is never a valuable asset for an- 
other campaign, and Mr, Spaulding 
will have that record to overcome, al- 
though as an offset he can bank upon 
the fact that Moses was a bigger vote 
getter than Keyes will be. But it must 
not be forgotten that Mr. Keyes him- 
self will be stronger to-day than when 
he was first nominated. 

—Hanover Gazette. 



Congressman-elect Rogers has de- 
clared himself unequivocally in favor 
of the enforcement and strengthening of 
the prohibition law. Despite all the 
chaos and confusion on this subject, 
we believe that Mr. Rogers will gain, 



400 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



rather than lose, votes in the first dis- 
trict by this stand. The late Sherman 
Burroughs proved that. 

— Rochester Courier. 



■ The voters of New Hampshire will 
have .an opportunity to return Henry 
\Y. Keyes to the senate for another 
term, and we anticipate a ready ac- 
ceptance of the oportunity. Mr. 
Keyes has proven himself of great 
value in Washington not only to the 
country as a whole but especially to 
the citizens of this state. He deserves 
an easy election. 

— Franklin Journal Transcript. 



According to the Boston Globe, the 
latest joke in Washington is as fol- 
lows : Question — "How many members 
of Congress are there now?'' Answer — 
"Too." This joke can also be used 
with splendid success in discussing (or 
cussing) die New Hampshire Legisla- 
ture. - — Exchange. 



Ford for President 

Henry Ford is one of the dozen in- 
dividuals in this country who pay- 
income taxes on over a million dol- 
lars each. What other qualification 
has he that you can name for the Presi- 
dency? — Rochester Courier. 



Current discussions of Henry Ford 
for president leave some doubt as to 
whether he's expected to run as a 
flivver or a Lincoln. 

■ — Kecne Sentinel. 



Liquor on Foreign Ships 

There is no wet or dry issue in 
more than five or six states. There 
is no danger of either party adopting 
a wet plank. That danger is past. 
But we are not surprised that it is 
found difficult to force ships sailing 
to and from foreign ports to stay 
dry all the round trip. It takes two 
nations to determine that. And there 



is no other nation that wants dry ships. 
Let us. do what we can in that line; 
wait patiently till other nations come, 
as they will, to realize that dry ships 
are safest and best. The world was 
not made in a day; it will not be made 
dry in a day. It is nearer to it now 
than we expected to live to see it. 

— Granite State Free Press. 

The breaking of the seals of foreign 
vessels in American ports in order to 
seize liquors under the Volstead act is 
serious business, but it would be much 
more serious for prohibition if foreign 
ships were allowed to bring loads of 
booze to this country on the pretence 
that they were intended for use on the 
return trip. There would be no return 
trip for ninety-nine hundredths of the 
liquor so brought here. 

— Somersworth Free Press. 



We all come in contact with citi- 
zens of repute who talk as though 
prohibition is the hugest joke of the 
times. Perhaps in most cases their 
open attitude of opposition is 
thoughtlessness but the question is 
becoming of great enough moment 
to place a stigma of un-Americanism 
upon all persons so heedless they 
are not by this time acquainted with 
the (seriousness of this national men- 
ace of growing disrespect for law. 

Various police and county officials 
of Hillsborough county take Com- 
missioner Craig to task for ques- 
tioning their spirit of co-operation 
in stamping out the rum evil. Their 
self defense is petty and such char-. 
ges as those that the commissioner 
is not a big enough man for his 
job are undignified and lay those 
officials making them open to simi- 
lar accusations. All this harangu- 
ing is getting New Hampshire no- 
where for the officials in question 
are only proving what Mr. Craig 
said; they show a lack of willing- 
ness to co-operate. — Concord Monitor. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



4<A 



DR. LORIN WEBSTER 

A cablegram was received in 
Concord on July 6th, telling- of 
the death, in Peki'h, China, of 
Kev. Dt\ I ©rjn Webster, tor 

many years headmaster oi 
Holdertaess school. The doctor 
died suddenly of heart trouble. 

Doctor Webster went to 
China last August to become 
professor of English at Pekiu 
Medical college, an institution 
maintained by the Rockefeller 
Foundation. He was horn in 
Claremont, July 29, 1857, was 
educated at St. Paul's School, 
Concord, and Trinity College. 

Doctor Webster was ordained 
in the Protestant Episcopal 
church in 1883. He was rector 
of St. Mark's church, Ashland, 
eight years. 1884-92, and then 
he became headmaster at Hot- 
el ern ess school. He was also 
proprietor and director of Camp 
Walchusett for boys at Asqtiam 
Lake. He was a well known 
writer of sacred musical com- 
positions, was a member of Phi 
I'psilon, Phi Beta Kappa and 
was a Mason. 

He had been president of the 
Xew Hampshire Educational 
council, Xew Hampshire School- 
masters' club, the Xew Hamp- 
shire Music Teachers' associa- 
tion and was prominent in other 
state, societies. His wife, who 
survives him, was Jennie Jose- 
phine Adams, of Springfield, 
prominent in women's clubs of Xew Hamp- 
shire at the time she went to China. 

There are three children, Harold Adams 
V\ ebstcr, state commissioner of weights and 
measures; Dr. Jerome Pierce Webster, who 
is assistant surgeon of the Rockefeller 
Foundation hospital of Pekin, and Mrs. 
William Starr, Jr., of Hope House, Easton, 
Maryland. 



WILLIAM JOXES LADD 

William Jones Ladd. a Portsmouth boy 
of many years ago and a descendant of 
Captain John Mason, grantee of Xew Hamp- 
shire, son of Alexander H. Ladd and grand- 
son of Alexander Ladd and William Jones, 
all three in their time prominent citizens of 
Portsmouth, died at his home at Milton, 
Mass., June 25th, at the age of 79 years. 

Captain Ladd was an officer lof the 13th 
Regiment. Xew Hampshire Volunteer In- 
fantry in the Civil War and was on the staff 
of General Devens when the Union army 
entered Richmond Va., in April, 1865. A 
recent editorial in the Boston Herald tells 
the story: 

April 2, 1865 was a day of tense watch- 



.- 



She 



was 



. _ . • w . . ■ .=;.■( 



Dr. Lorin Webster 



ing and expectation to the federal troops 
about Petersburg and Richmond. Soon 
after midnight of that day the lurid light 
of fires in the direction of Richmond and 
along the line of the James below the city 
indicated that the rebels were burning and 
abandoning their fleet and their capital, so 
long the object of the federal arms. A lit- 
tle later a wide awake officer of Gen. Devens' 
staff saw unmistakable signs of the evacua- 
tion of the rebel lines about Richmond and 
sent word to his tent-mate, Major William 
J. Ladd, also of Gen. Devens' staff, that the 
fall of Richmond was imminent and that he 
must come on if lie would be "in at the 
killing." 

Major Ladd. having a fleet horse, was soon 
on the spot and about 5 a. m., started, with 
a Vermont officer who was compelled to 
turn back, on the road into Richmond and 
within an hour Maj. Ladd rode alone into 
Capitol Square, was attacked by a rebel 
sailor whom he had no difficulty in re- 
pelling, made a brief circuit through two or 
three streets and returned to his command. 
Tin: whole story is vividly told in Lt.-Col. 
George A. Bruce's "Capture and Occupation 
of Richmond," the most graphic account of 
this dramatic episode of the war, and 



402 



-3 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



while other claimants 
to this achievement 
have appeared from 
time to time Col. Bruce 
declares, upon the per- 
sonal knowledge of one 
who was in a position 
to know, that "What- 
ever ot honor or dis- 
tinction attaches to the 
man who first entered 
the Confederate capital 
belongs, without a 
doubt, to Maj, La.dd." 

At Cant. Ladd's fun- 
eral, eight grandsons, 
three sons-in law and a 
nephew were hunorar\ 
bearers. 



JUDGE PARKER 

Judge E d w a r d 
Everett Parker, one of 
the best known resi- 
dents of Nashua and 
Brookline, died at St. 
Joseph's hospital, June 
24th, following an ill- 
ness of nine weeks. He- 
was born in Brookline, 
Jan. 7, 1842. the son of 
James and Devereci 
(Corey) Parker, des- 
cendants of English 
families who came to 
this country about 1660 
and settled in Tyngs- 
boro and Groton, Mass. 
His great grandmother, 
Prudence Cummings 

Wright, wife of David 
Wright of Pepperell. 
Mass., commanded tin- 
patriotic band of wo- 
men that arrested the 
famousm Tory, Col. 
Lenoard Whiting, at 

Jewett's Bridge in April. 1775, on the 
morning after the fight on Lexing- 
ton Green, as he was on his way from Cana- 
da with dispatches for the British in Boston. 

Judge Parker attended the district school 
in Brookline and then became a student at 
Phillips-Exeter. In 1863 he left Exeter and 
entered Appleton Academy, where he gradu- 
ated in 1863. He enlisted in the U. S. 
navy, Aug. 20, 1863, and served on the brig 
Perry, the last sailing brig admitted to the 
service. He was appointed yeoman, which 
position he held until he was discharged in 
1865. He entered Colby Academy in the 
spring of 1865 and graduated in the summer 
and, entered Dartmouth in the autumn 
where he graduated in the class of 1869, 
being the centennial poet at the commence- 
ment exercises held that year. Following 
graduation Judge Parker accepted a posi- 
tion as principal of Warrcnsburg Academy, 
at Warrensburg N. Y., and a year later he 
became principal at Wareham, Mass., High 



Judge Edward Everett Parker 

School. He later decided to make law his 
profession, so he entered the office of 
Thomas Cummings, at Warrensburg, N. Y. ( 
later returning to New England to become 
principal of Middleboro, Mass., high school. 

In August, 1871, he entered the office of 
General Aaron E. Stevens and while study- 
ing law was principal of a Nashua evening 
school. He was admitted to the Hills- 
borough bar at Amherst in 1873 and imme- 
diately afterwards formed a partnership with 
General Stevens, under the firm name of 
Stevens and Parker, which continued until 
1880. He was city solicitor in 1876 and 
1877 and in 1879 he was appointed judge o! 
probate by Governor Cheney, a position he 
held until he reached the age limit in- 1912 
and retired. He served as a member ot the 
Board of Education for *six years. 

He was well known as a historian and 
writer and he edited the History of Nashua, 
published in 1897, and the History of 
Brookline, published in 1913. 



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Vol 55 



TH 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 




.--«,?" 



SEPTEMBER 1923 



% 



No. 9 



THE MONTH IN NET HAMPSHIRE 



Fire ! 



AUGUST has been a month of fires. 
The extended drought has caused 
our lowland rivers to dwindle into 
mere brooklets, winding across a sandy 
waste, and has robbed us of our high- 
land streams, leaving beds of jagged 
rock stretching along the green moun- 
tain sides like gaping scars under the 
blistering sun. Tins same drought has 
seeped the moisture from every object 
and left forest, held and roof the easy 
prey for the first spark of fire. 

The fire was not long in making its 
appearance. As a people dwelling in a 
peaceful valley hears the first rumors of 
an approaching enemy and see reflected 
along the horizon the red glare of 
burning villages, so the people of north- 
ern New Hampshire awoke to find clouds 
of smoke forming a haze over their vil- 
lages and heard with growing alarm of 
the forest fires raging in different parts 
of the state. For six days the people 
of Waterville and Sandwich battled with 
a devastating conflagration, while the 
whole Pemigewasset valley lay smoth- 
ered in smoke. No sooner had this out- 
break been checked, leaving thousands 
of acres of charred mountain-side and 
having caused the loss of one life, than 
the attention of the state was turned to 
Belmont where mill buildings as well as 
woodland were destroved. Meamvhile 

inning- 



evidences of activities of the fire demon 
in the north country beyond Dixville and 
over the Canada line, while thousands of 
dollar- worth of sawed lumber was 
wiped out in a fire near Orfordville. 

Then, to employ the simile further, the 
warfare was carried into the heart of 
the state and the people were stabbed 
into a terrified awakening by swift and 
dreadful raids. On August 2, dur- 
ing the lunch hour, fire suddenly broke 
out around the eaves of the beautiful 
Profile House in Franconia Notch and 
within four hours the entire hotel, as 
well as the colony of cottages about it, 
was burned to the ground. Three hun- 
dred guests including Gov. Channing 
Cox of Massachusetts and several other 
people of note, were obliged to seize 
their personal effects and escape. Three 
hundred other people, the employees of 
-his beautiful mountain establishment, 
were thrust out of employment. Prop- 
erty of untold value was burned and 
still more stolen. All of which is in- 
significant compared with the fact that 
an institution which has been a pride of 
New Hampshire since 1852 was lost. 
With lightning rapidity the marauder 
struck again, for during the early hours 
of the next morning the Mount Liver- 
more House at Squam Lake was burned 



the north wind was constantly br 



l % 



with a loss 
dollars, 



of one hundred thousand 



406 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



The Weirs Encampment 

njJ'HE actual physical fires, however, 

•*- are not the only ones which have 

been burning within New Hampshire in 

the month that has past. The fires of 
patriotism which, according to Congress- 
man Wason, "smoulder latent in the 
hearts of New Hampshire's stalwart 
sons," have been flaming up with renew- 
ed brightness. The cause for this new 
birth of public sentiment is the annual 
convention of the New Hampshire Vet- 
eran's Association at the Weirs, August 
13 to 16, Here the veterans of three 
wars gathered for the forty-seventh en- 
campment since the association was first 
founded by the G. A. R. The activities 
at Camp Joseph II. Killourhy reached 
their climax on Thursday afternoon 
when a huge gathering of citizens, both 
soldier and civilian, gathered to hear a 
distinguished list of speakers. The guest 
of honor from, outside the state was 
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., veteran of the 
World War and Assistant Secretary of 
the Navy. It was an item of interest 
that Mr." Roosevelt's distinguished father 
spoke from the same platform twenty 
years before. Secretary Roosevelt de- 
livered a forceful speech upon the 
American izing and democratizing effects 
of the war, and upon the necessity for 
a continuation of this work by the 
American Legion. The speaker's per- 
sonality and mannerisms which re- 
minded many of the late President 
Roosevelt were very attractive and 
secured for him a hearty and enthusias- 
tic reception. Governor Fred H. Brown 
in a brief address pled for a more gen- 
eral Americanism. Ex-governor John 
H. Bartlett, with tears in his eyes, called 
for a rebirth of devotion to New Hamp- 
shire, while Senator George H. Moses, 
casting rather contemptuous glances at 
Gov. Bartlett's white flannel trousers, 
took issue with him and declared himself 
to be optimistic regarding the future of 
our state. Congressmen Wason and 
Rogers spoke at the end of the program. 



A niiiversari es and 

Old Home Day Celebrations 

HIS is the Old Home season and 
during the week of August 10 to 26 
local patriotism, love of home, tender 
memories, and fond reminiscences have 
been the fires which, have warmed the 
cockles of New Hampshire hearts. The 
most important celebrations of course- 
were the Tercentenary Anniversaries at 
Portsmouth and Dover. F'or one en- 
tire week these two cities were replete 
with pageants, concerts, historical ad- 
dresses, band music and soft drinks. 
We are told by those who witnessed the 
pageantry of the celebration that their 
portrayal of the scenes of early settle- 
ments was very impressive indeed. 
The whole state has pictorial proof of 
the beauty of the costumes and the 
realism of the characters. Undoubtedly 
their presentation of the early scenes 
and struggles of the founders of our 
state was very genuine, but we suspect 
that if the two cities had seen fit to stage 
for the public even one incident of the 
long battle which has been waged be- 
tween them to determine which was the 
re3l "First Settlement of New Hamp- 
shire." it would have surpassed all the 
rest of the program. Seriously, how- 
ever, the gathering of able men at these 
celebrations, the wealth of sentiment 
stirred by them, and the faithful toil of 
those who have prepared and directed 
them must be a source of helpful in- 
spiration. This week marked the open- 
ing of the Portsmouth bridge by a simple 
hut impressive ceremony in which Gov. 
Brown of New Hampshire and Gov. 
Baxter of Maine clasped hands at its 
center. 

JafTrey. Whitefield and Mil ford cele- 
brated their sesqui-centennial anniver- 
sary and sixty-eight other New Hamp- 
shire towns have welcomed back their 
old friends and former inhabitants at 
Old Home Day celebrations. It is for- 
tunate, perhaps, that iht radio lias not 
yet been sufficiently developed to make 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



407 



broadcasting stations common, For if 

It had been so developed the old Granite 
Sfife would have been a perfect Babel 
,";' voices. Outcries tor and against 
prohibition, League of Nations, partisan- 
ship, government ownership of public 
utilities, the state development of water 
power and the bounty on hedge-hogs 
would have resounded from one end of 
the state to the other, forming one con- 
fused uproar. Imagine "listening in" on 
George H. Moses, the irreconcilable, at 
Whitefield, Rev. Raymond H. Huse, the 
•.Vorld Court proponent, at Concord, and 
Raymond Stevens, the League of Nations 
orator of LandafT, at the same time, hav- 
ing your ear saluted by interruptions 
from Andrew Felker preaching prohibi- 
tion and Robert P. Bass urging develop- 
ment of the state's water power. Un- 
questionably the squeakings and wailings 
of the receiver would be a relief. It is 
well to remember that under cover of 
the cannonade of oratory these Old 
Rome Days have been marked by the 
warm handclasp of old friends and the 
re-awakening of public interest. 

President Harding's Death 

TN the early part of the month amid 
* the excitement and hurry of prepara- 
tion and the lighthearted buoyancy of 
the vacationist, there came a note of 
sadness which caused the people of New 
Hampshire to pause and reflect sadly up- 
on the serious things of life. This was 
occasioned by the death of our late Presi- 
dent, Warren G. Harding. In response 
to the request of President Coolidge, al- 
most every city and town in the state 
held fitting memorial services. The 
Governor issued a proclamation ex- 
pressing the love and appreciation 
oi the people, and the Mayor 
of every city prescribed various forms 
of public mourning. All these things, 
however, constituted only the official ex- 
pression appropriate to the solemn oc- 
casion. Far more important and more 
significant were the little incidents and 
words upon the streets and in the pub- 
lic places of our cities and towns. It 



was there that the people themselves re- 
vealed the depth of their grief, and the 
fact that they seemed to feel they had 
lost one of their own kindred proves 
that the good old American stock of our 
Gnmite State are as closely linked to 
their country and its visible head as ever 
their fathers were. 

Calvin Coolidge 

Vermont was once known as the "New 
Hampshire Grants" and the boundaries 
of colonial Massachusetts extended to 
Winnipesaukee. Therefore, New Hamp- 
shire shares with these states a sense of 
proprietorship over our new president. 

If a reversal of the old saying "that 
the rats forsake a sinking ship'' is true, 
his future is indeed bright for our politi- 
cal stages from the highest to the lowest 
are vicing with each other in endors- 
ing him and are already, according to 
the Concord Monitor accusing each other 
of being "band-wagon jumpers." With- 
out intending any reflection upon them 
we feel that New Hampshire's real feel- 
ing for the president is not political but 
patriotic. His quiet strength appeals to 
the people who are all expressing their 
confidence in him. With the sad mem- 
ory of our last two presidents who were 
broken by the responsibilities of the posi- 
tion and its constant storm of criticism, 
we are all "band-wagon jumpers" in that 
New Hampshire citizens of all parties 
pledge their loyal support to President 
Calvin Coolidge. — N. H. C. 



/>■ 




The 


=^N 




Granite 


Monthly 


Helen 


F. 


McMlLLiN Managing Editor 


Norris 


H 


Cotton 


Advert i 
cula 


sing and Cir- 
ion Manager 






Associate Edit 


nrs 


Ralph 


D. 


Hetzel 


Harla 


s- C. Pearson 


Ernest 


M 


Hopkins 


George 


M. Putnam 


John K. 


McLane 


Wm. S 


. ROSS ITER 


El. WIN 


L. 


Page 


Eaton 


D. Sargent 


I John C. 


WiNANT 


Ray mo 


nd B.Stevens 


i 

J 








JJ 



I THE LEGION 
{ AT THE WEIRS f 
I AUG. 13-16 



Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. 

| "There are no class distinctions 
1 in America." 



Governor Fred H. Brown 
1 "Let us strive for a rebirth of 
i Americanism.'' 



./^ J y::^^Uw.^:».^.^*;wi.^vJ^k-^-^«VJ^.'-i*i- 



A Group of Prominent Legionnaires: (Left to right) 
Past Commander, Charles S. Walker of Keene; Department 
Commander William E. Sullivan of Nashua; Senior Vice 
Commander. Harold K. Davidson of Woodsville ; Depart- 
ment Chaplain, Rev. William H. Sweeney of Tilton. On 
the step behind these men are Junior Vice Commander, 
Frank N. Sawyer of North Weare and Department Adjutant, 
George W. Morrill of Concord. 



Ex-Governor John H. Bartlett 

"We must stand by New Hampshire. She deserves our 
support.' - ' 



i 



401 



Sr r - 












j 














; 
















i 

i 












1 


f 




r ™- ::;,;;;. 








i 

: 3 


1 












' 



At Camp Killourhy, named in honor of Major Joseph Killourhy, gathered notable New Hamp- 
men and women from all parts of the .state. In the picture above are (left to right) Ex- 

W. Bean of the 5th New Hampshire Volunteers, of Attle- 



shire 

Governor John H. Bartlett; Major J 



vj^-vt-iiiwi UUUil ji. J.)(M UfU , *\i.tlJ^Jl .1 . V*. X-->CJ<1 U Ui tile OL1J i\e» X-L--.. 

boro, Mass.; Major Frank Knox, past Commander of the Department; Governor Fred H. Brown. 
Councillor Thomas J. Conway; and Judge Advocate of the Depr~* 



- Department, Maurice Devine of Man 
Chester. Behind the Governor one can see two other councillors, Col. Cole and Mr. A. F. Morrill. 

At the lower right of the page are seme of the women most prominent in the work of the 
American Legion Auxiliary. They art : (Front row, left to right) Mrs. George W. Morrill of Con- 
cord; Second Vice President; Mrs. Flora 1,. Spaulding of Manchester, State President; Dr. Zatae 
L. Straw of Manchester, Nation- 
al Committee Woman; (second 
row) Miss Charlotte Wright of 
Portsmouth. Historian; Mrs. H. 
K. Davidson of Woodsville, Pub- 
licity manager; Mrs. Alma D. 
Jackson of Woodsville, Treasurer. 



■ 



Congress max 
Edwin H. Wason 
"The ladies are here to greet 
Senator Moses." 



• 






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€. 



SCHOOL TIME 

By Grace Blanc hard 
Illustrated by Elizabeth Shurtlefr" 



I live opposite a schoolhouse ; 

And 

Some days 

The children troop by 

Cherubic, playful, 

"Hope of the world," ay, truly. 

In this one's hand a nosegay; 

Another has for "teacher" 

A cherished orange; 

Their merry laughs and gambols 

Put youth into ray world. 

Shout while ye may, 

Dear kiddies. 
I am glad I live where I do. 



And 

Some days 

The self-same boys and girls 

Pass by and seem young cyclones 

Each with a whack for t'other, 

All with a ready fist and taunt, 

Hateful as they can be ; 

Their howls and jeers 

Afflict me. 
I will advertise my house for sale. 

Of course this means that 
Some days 
I am cross. 



..--.■.- - .■-■"■ '•' 




FUTURE POLICIES OF THE 

'DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

1 

Forty-eight Hours, Taxation, and Water Power 



Hi 



By Raymond 

[HE Democratic program on state 
issues in the coming campaign will 
be substantially the same as out- 
lined in its platform the last election. 

There are three questions of major 
importance to the welfare of the state 
which require immediate action. First, 
the fixing by law of an eight-hour day 
or forty-eight hour week for women 
and children employed in the industries 
of the state. The election of 19.22 
turned more on. this one issue than any 
other. The refusal by the Republican 
Senate in the last legislature to concur 
with the House in the passage of such 
an act will male this question the chief 
issue in the next campaign unless in the 
meantime the employers grant the de- 
imnd for an eight-hour day. 

The only objection raised against such 
a law was the fear of Southern competi- 
tion because longer hours are allowed in 
the South. The thorough investigation 
by the Labor Committee of the house 
clearly proved that this fear is unground- 
ed. While it is highly desirable that there 
should be a national standard for ah in- 
dustrial states, there is no compelling 
reason why New Hampshire should wait 
for Federal action. Moreover, the move- 
ment for an eight-hour day for all in- 
dustries in the United States has been 
gaining great strength, due chief 1 }- to the 
force of public opinion. The steel com- 
panies are now committed to abolishing 
the twelve-hour day in the steel industry 
and substituting therefor three shifts of 
eight hours each. When this is ac- 
complished, by far the greater part of 
the industrial workers of the United 
States will be on the eight-hour schedule. 

Taxation will also be an important 
issue in the next campaign. The tax bur- 
den in New Hampshire is not only 



Stevens 

heavy but most unfairly distributed. A 
mo r e just distribution cannot be secured 
without amendments to our Constitution. 
The last legislature did practically all 
that can be done under the present Con- 
stitution, and while the changes made 
were undoubtedly an improvement in our 
tax system, the chief inequalities still 
exist. Over 80% of the tax burden is 
laid upon the holders of real estate, and 
other classes of wealth, which equal or 
even exceed the value of real estate, es- 
cape with little or no contribution. 
This not only creates injustice as be- 
tween different tax payers, but lias 
serious results upon the general pros- 
perity of the state. The industry of 
farming, which already labors under 
serious difficulties which are nation-wide 
in their scope and beyond the power of 
the state of New Hampshire to modify, 
suffers severely from an unjust burden 
of taxation. 

Also our present tax system is having 
a most injurious effect upon our lumber 
industry. The taxation of partially 
matured timber at its full market value 
compels the owners to cut as soon as 
possible since the increase in growth will 
not meet the carrying charges of taxation 
and interest. No reasonable system of 
taxing timber lands is possible without 
an amendment to the Constitution. The 
amendment as submitted last year was 
criticised on the ground that it was too 
broad. The form of the amendment is 
not of essential importance. Whatever 
that form may be, the effect of it must 
be to eliminate the effect of the word 
''proportional" in our Constitution as 
construed by the Court. This was most 
conclusively shown by the decision of the 
judges on the questions presented to 
them by the House of Representatives 



41 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



in the last session of the legislature. 

The state of New Hampshire possesses 
two natural resources, water powers and 
timber lands. So far the state has done 
practically nothing towards the develop- 
ment of these, resources. In fact, its sys- 
tem of taxation is tending to seriously 
injure our timber lauds. The water 
powers of the state have been developed 
to the fullest extort possible b\ private 
capital; that is, the available water pow- 
er sites have been developed to a maxi- 
mum capacity with the natural flow of 
our streams. The creation of storage 
reservoirs at the headwaters of our 
streams would probably nearly double 
the water power of the state. The 
creation of such reservoirs cannot be 
done by private capital. An increase in 
the How of the stream is a benefit to 



every water power on that stream, and 
as these powers are held by a great 
variety of owners it is impossible to 
secure voluntarily proper distribution 
of the cost of the development of the 
reservoirs. The state seems to be the 
only agency which can, therefore, make 
this development. 

An attempt to start a comprehensive 
policy of water power development was 
made in the last session of the legisla- 
ture. The bill introduced by Ex-gover- 
nor Bass, providing for the use of the 
credit of the state in the development of 
storage reservoirs, was passed by the 
House and defeated in the Senate. A 
more comprehensive plan along the same 
lines should be worked out and made an 
essential part of the Democratic pro- 
gram. 



II. 

The Democratic Party of the Future 

By Eaton D. Sargent 



TN point of service, the Democratic 
I Tarty of the future will be the Demo- 
cratic Party of the past reshaped only 
in the policies necessary to meet the ex- 
igencies of post-war conditions. 

Its origin is traced in the grey dawn 
of the country's birth. Its inception 
dates from the dark days following this 
Republic's first lusty struggles. When 
Thomas Jefferson dickered with Na- 
poleon Bonaparte for the famous Louis- 
iana Purchase— a vast empire far flung 
from the Mississippi to the Pacific — the 
Democratic Party was. even then, de- 
livering master strokes in the destiny 
of the so-called American government 
experiment. 

Down through eventful decades it has 
been always the safety valve of the na- 
tion's stability and honor at home and 
abroad. Beginning with Andrew Jack- 
son's time, the Democratic Party has 
had. a continually recurring renascence 
of fervent belief in a higher civilization 



and the cause of human progress. For 
one bunded and forty-two years it has 
kept burning brightly the unquenchable 
fires of government by the majority, 
civic righteousness, and faith of the 
fathers. 

When the problems of the present 
become dusty with the years and the 
history of generations yet unborn shall 
have been written, the Democratic Party 
will still remain a powerful factor in the 
political life of this nation — an unfading 
tribute to the survival of the fittest. It 
has stood the acid test of time and 
changing conditions because it was con- 
ceived in the cardinal principles of the 
greatest good for the greatest number. 

It has weathered the storms of calum- 
ny and detraction because, like a faith- 
ful servant, it has never dissembled but 
has stood four-square to the best inter- 
ests of the country, both at home and 
overseas. Through brief periods, its 
steadying and hopeful influences have 



FUTURE POLICIES OF THE DEMOCRATIC POLICY 



413 



been curtained. Its progressive leader- 
ship in state and federal affairs has, at 
times, been reduced to a minority posi- 
tion but its purpose to combat the foes 
of forward legislation and effective 
party service has never wavered. At 
recurring intervals, misguided adherents 
have followed after strange gods, only 
and always to return to the party fold 
after their pilgrimage of delusion bad 
ended. 



Through the 



ot 



some 



thirty-three presidential campaigns the 
star of the Democratic Party has alter- 
nately ascended and descended, but has 
never set. Flaming aloft in the political 
firmament, in the dawn of another great 
presidential election, it is right now 
lighting the way back to tried and proven 
paths of good government — to sane and 
sensible democratic principles. 

The Democratic Party has never been 
the torch-bearer of class-consciousness, 
it is the party of the everyday American 
citizen — it is still the party of the plain 
man Jefferson, who rude to his inaugura- 
tion ceremony on horseback. 

It is not within one party member's 
vision or ability to be able to forecast, 
at this early day, the issues that will be 
incorporated into the party's platform 
next June. But standing as it has al- 
ways stood upon a record of signal 
achievements for the welfare of the ma- 
jority, rather than for favors extended 



to any class, clique or clan, 1 am certain 
that the Democratic Party of the future 
will remain true to the ideals of the past, 
and therefore, will champion only those 
reforms and policies calculated to en- 
hance the happiness and prosperity of 
the country as a whole. 



It 
call 



is not likely that its agenda 



wresthm 



with 



reparations. 



tor 
World Courts, Leagues, and other 
ternational imbroglios until the house of 
Uncle Sam, and our own business, has 
been put in order. We do not require 
any political savant to tell us what ought 
to be done. The people know. We do 
not need any political prophet to for- 
ecast the problems the next administration 
will be called upon to solve. The 
economic and reconstruction mistakes 
of the past few years are all too evi- 
dent. Every thinking man and woman 
can determine for himself or herself 
what will happen if our good sense 
does not lead us out of the wilderness 
of industrial unrest, hectic business con- 
ditions, and general dissatisfaction pre- 
valent everywhere. 

But when things go wrong, the Amer- 
ican people have a happy habit of com- 
ing back to their great redresser of 
grievances, to the party that, through the 
years, has' espoused the cause of justice 
to all, and special privileges to none — 
to the old, yet ever new, standard of the 
Democratic Partv. 



III. 

For the Rights of the Average Man 
By George E. Farraxd 



T is difficult in these days of political 
unrest, with the continual shifting of 
political winds, to determine in ad- 
vance the lines upon which the next cam- 
paign will be conducted with regard to 
national issues. 

Conditions of life may bring forward 
new issues in addition to the tariff, the 
international problem and the needs of 



labor and Western agriculture. I be- 
lieve the Democratic party will adopt a 
liberal attitude with regard to platform 
and candidates. The Republican parts- 
appears more likely to represent the 
conservative forces at the present time. 
In tlie state campaign of 1922 the 
Democratic party adopted a platform de- 
claring unequivocally for such policies 



414 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



as the eight-hour day for women and 
children in industry, the re-adjustment 

of our system of taxation, genuine home 
rule for cities, the abolition of the poll 
tax for women, etc. With forward 
looking aggressive candidates it entered 
the contest and won the victory, al- 
though the party had no group of 
wealthy men to appeal to for financial 
support and the usual campaign adver- 
tising was entirely eliminated. 

Then the legislature met, a "body com- 
posed of earnest intelligent men from all 
walks of lite that will compare favor- 
ably with any legislature of recent years 
in leadership and membership, and an 
honest endeavor was made by the Gov- 
ernor and the legislative leaders of the 
majority party to carry out its election 
promises, assisted by some of the more 
progressive Republicans. The platform 
measures were passed by the House, but 
were killed in the Senate by the Repub- 
licans. These issues still remain unset- 
tled through no fault of the Democratic 
party or its leaders. They will again be 
a part of the state issues to be fought 
over in the next campaign. 

Democrats may well look for success 
at the next election if their party con- 
tinues to take a forward position toward 
solving the perplexing troubles of the 
average man. The recent session of 
Congress, Republican controlled, was a 



disappointment to the country. The 
next session bids fair to be more so. 

The action of the Republican majority 
in the State Senate was a disappoint- 
ment to a majority of the voters of New 
Hampshire. 

Senator Moses appeals for a revival 
of party loyalty as a solution of the 
troubles of his party and states that in 
the old days "a conscientious town com- 
mittee could make a canvass which 
would reveal within the narrowest limits 
exactly how the votes would be cast on 
election day/' Those were the good old 
days, but in the language of the car- 
toonist, "Them days are gone forever." 
The votes can no longer be counted be- 
fore they are cast. The people are doing 
their own thinking and realize that the 
men whom they support with their votes 
are only their instruments through whom 
they hope to improve their political con- 
dition of life. They are not pawns 
owned by a political party to bring vic- 
tory or defeat to this or that group of 
political leaders. 

It behooves the Democratic party to 
continue to sail a direct course, take a 
definite position on all public questions, 
fight for the rights of the "average man" 
and win the right to the support of all 
liberal minded men and women, be they 
Democrats,' Republicans or Indepen- 
dents. 



"THREE SENTINELS OF THE NORTH" 
'AND THE DURHAM MEETING 

By John G. Win ant 



irtf-LLIAM S. Rossiter of Concord 
A/ contibuted to the July issue of 
the Atlantic Monthly an article 
entitled "Three Sentinels of the North" 
which ably represented the economic 
crisis through which the northern New 
England states are now passing. ' Air. 
Rossiter. formerly a high official of 
the United States Census Bureau, is the 
head of the National Association of 



Statisticians and has a wide and well 
earned reputation for ability to make im- 
portant, valuable and truthful deduc- 
tions from carefully obtained and as- 
sembled figures. His deep and sincere 
interest, in Northern New England made 
his article in the Atlantic Monthly a 
forceful appeal as well as a convincing 
argument ; it is encouraging to find that 
it is receiving the thoughtful attention 



THREE SENTINELS OF THE NORTH 



415 



it deserves in this section of the coun- 
try. 

We need people, of a- strong resource- 
ful type, and yet we are told that 500,000 
of our native men and women have left 
our north country and are living out 
their lives and earning their living else- 
where. 

There is no co-operative effort made 
to-day cither to persuade our boys and 
girls to remain in New Hampshire or 
to encourage young men and young 
women to come East and settle in old 
New England. 

As Mr. Rossiter pointed out. our 
first step is "organization." An eco- 
nomic survey should be made and a pro- 
gram formulated; and yet before we can 
successfully turn migration northward 
and eastward, we must find a livelihood 
for those people who now make up the 
citizenry of our state. For although it 
is true that man cannot live by bread 
alone, yet it is equally true that men 
cannot live without bread. Sentiment 
may encourage us but it cannot feed us. 
State loyalty is a fundamental virtue, yet 
state prosperity is equally essential. 

The most representative gathering 
thus far held to discuss a program of 
action was at Durham, Thursday, Aug- 
ust 23. This meeting was called by Dr. 
Ralph D. Hetzel, President of the Uni- 
versity of New Hampshire. Dr. Het- 
zel acted as Chairman and. all the lead- 
ing organizations of the state were rep- 
resented. The chief feature of the 
meeting was an address by Mr. Rossi- 
ter in elaboration, explanation and fur- 
ther emphasis of his magazine article. 
Former Governor Robert P. Bass, 
Major Frank Knox, President George 
M. Putnam of the State Farm Bureau 
Federation, President Hetzel and 
others ably discussed the subject and 
object of the meeting. 

A committee of three was appointed 
to draft resolutions from which the pub- 
lic could gain an accurate understanding 
of the position and aims of this gather- 
ing- 



and 
prod- 



d d< 



The report of this committee as unan- 
imously adopted was as follows: 

It is apparent from statistics that have 
been presented to this meeting that new 

economic and social conditions call for a 
readjustment of many of those activities 
which have in the past maintained the 
people of our state. 

"This fact is well illustrated by the 
stationary population of the entire state, 
the steady and continuous decline both in 
rural population and . production, and the 
intensified pressure of industrial competi- 
tion. 

"To meet this situation, a full knowledge 
of the facts is the first essential. We rec- 
ommend that an accurate survey be made 
covering the following: 

"A. Agriculture, including timber. 
"1. State production; increase 
decrease in products — by 
nets. 
"2. Analysis by towns. 
"3. Markets. 
"B. Manufactures. 

"1. State production: increase ar 
crease in value of products. 
"2. Analysis by towns and cities. 
"3. Markets. 
"C. Mineral and other products. 

"1. State production: increase and 

decrease by unit or value. 
"2. Analysis by towns and cities. 
"3. _ Markets. 
"D. Population. 

"1. Changes since 1870. 
"a. Communities having less popula- 
tion in 1920 than in 1870; those 
showing maximum at some cen- 
sus prior to 1920; those having 
less than in 1910. 
"b. Nationality changes since 1900. 
"la. Where the}- occurred. 
"2a. Relationship. if any, between 
population and nationality changes 
and agriculture and manufacture 
and increase or decrease of 
population. 
"E. Water Power. 
"F. Transportation. 
"G. Education." . 

It was voted that a committee of five 
be named with authority to employ a 
trained investigator to make an exact 
economic survey of this state. The 
necessary funds were contributed by 
those present. The committee will make 
a report based upon the findings of the 
survey at a future conference to be call- 
ed by the Chairman. 

Before adjournment the thanks of 
those in attendance were voted to Mr. 
Rossiter and Dr. Hetzel for bringing 
about and making of value this meeting. 



I : - 1 NEW HAMPSHIRE LOOKS BACK 

■ ' : 4 i 

:■'." Some Scenes from This 

I . , i 

TVFEW Hampshire has been looking backward this month! 

'■ <~ The famous men and women of history have walked 

'v>'" our streets again. At Portsmouth and Dover, the earliest 

| I settlement of the state, the splendid days of the Royal 

Governors have lived again. In the cities and towns 
r; jj J throughout the state centennials and scsqui-ceniennials 

and Old Home Days have turned people's thoughts toward 

1 days that are gone. And out of it has come, not a passive 

".. . pre-occupation with glories that are past, but a detevmi- 

| nation, significantly exhibited by that meeting at Durham, 

* ' '• ■; to make the days to come of equal brightness with the past. 

With the exception of the picture of Adonijah Howe, 
I Jarfrey's beloved physician of the old days, these pictures 

: are of the Portsmouth pageant. But they might be match- 

"■■'-■• : :-.-.- i . ■-•..,-: e j ^y hundreds of others from the celebrations of the 

Etheldreda Seaburv as sixty-eight towns participating in New Hampshire's Old 

Martha Hilton. Home Week. 



I 






U *=* 



David Thompson reading to his wife a list of provisions recently received. Men in 
advance of Miles Standish of the Plymouth Colony are also in the group, anxiously wait- 
ing to learn if Portsmouth can send provisions from their supply just received to the 
starving people of Plymouth. 



OVER HER SPLENDID PAST 
Month's Celebration? 



I 



m 









.. - ; 



Photo by George P. Duncan 
Dr. Adonijah Howe returns to Jaftrey in the sleigh in 
which lie used to go about among the sick of the town, 



t. ...... . . , .. . Q-Mi .. -.- mm 

Dorothy Adams, whose tire- 
less work and pleasing personal- 
ity permeated the whole pageant. 



An interpretative dance interlude. The group includes, (left to right) Vivian 
Goldsmith, Lucille Jacques, Bertha -Cohen, and Virginia Fournier. 



fix 

"ARE YOU A HIKER?" 

Some Suggestions for Campers 

By I!. R ey n olds Good v.- 1 n 

Diagrams used zt£th permission of the National Council from the Handbook for 

Boys, Box Scouts of America. 



"|"T has long- been a 
I American man is 



truism that the 
what hs is be- 
cause his ancestors were compelled 
to wrest their living from a hostile 
wilderness. The connection between 
the harsh conditions of the old days 
and the present sturdiriess of char- 
acter for which the typical American 
is noted is a real 
one, and in this 
fact there lies a 
serious lesson for 
us of softer days. 
We no longer must 
fight the wilder- 
ness for life, but 
we shall loose 
something very 
precious from our 
national life if we 
do not find a sub- 
stitute for that 
struggle. Our Pio- 
neer Days, winter 
carnivals and camp- 
ing trips show that 
we recognize this 
fact. More and 
more every year 
the love of the 
trail and the moun- 
tain stream makes 
its converts. 

The American 
Order of Hikers 
and Campers is growing, by leaps and 
bounds. It has no officers, no head- 
quarters, no .membership fees, no 
anything except members and a gen- 
uine spirit of fraternity. This last is 
very real, as every hiker knows. On 
the trail men and women of all classes 
meet and mingle with the utmost 
good fellowship, swapping grub, 
cooking over the same fires, laughing 
at each other's jokes. You can join 




Fig. 1. 

(below) 



The 
how 



rectangle tent, showing 
rings are arranged and 

The corners are pegged 
and the peak supported by being secured 
to an overhead branch. 



cloth stitched. 




this order this year. Just shoulder 
your pack and strike for the woods. 
One night in the open, lulled by the 
whispering breeze and exasperated by 
the humming- mosquito, and you are 
a member. You will be a member 
for life, too, for once a man gets the 
smell of balsam and the sound of a 
brook by night in- 



to his system, noth- 
ing can eliminate 
it. Once a hiker, 
always a hiker. 

The first thing 
to do is to gather 
your outfit, and 
there are few 
things so absorb- 
ingly interesting as 
to assemble a kit 
which shall be 
ideal, that is, very 
light and very in- 
expensive. The ab- 
solute essentials are 
a pack for the grub 
and blankets to roll 
up in at night. To 
these yon add as 
much as you think 
will be necessary 
for comfort. The 
ideal is to carrry 
not an ounce of 
superfluous weight, 
and yet to leave behind nothing which 
is really needed to make the trip en- 
joyable. You do not want to be a 
traveling sporting-goods store, but 
neither do you want to eat halt- 
cooked food or loose sleep at night 
from being cold. And the best fun of 
all is to see how many articles of 
equipment you can make for yourself. 
Take the match-safe for example. 
You can buy a very good one at any 



ARE YOU A HIKER? 



419 



store which handles sporting goods, 
but you do not need to. Take a metal 
box such as shaving soap used to 
come in before the new holder-top 
was invented, and glue a disk of 
sandpaper into -the inside of 
the cover. This makes a very 

convenient and reasonably water- 
proof container for your matches 
at no expense, and the sandpaper af- 
fords a g',K>d place to scratch matches 
in wet weather. 

You will probably want a tent 
Personally 1 prefer to sleep under the 
stais. but I always plan to have the 
tent near at hand in case of rain. A 
pup tent is good, but the manual 
used by the Boy Scouts shows how to 
make several styles of tent from one 
piece of cloth, and by following this 
plan you can save the money which 
would otherwise pay for the stitch- 
ing and other work in a ready-made 
tent and to invest in a better grade 
of cloth. 

To prepare the tent cloth, first hem 
it to prevent fraying and tearing. 
Then sew rings to the edges as fol- 
lows : Supposing that your cloth, 
when hemmed, measures 7 by 14, sew 
a ring in the upper right-hand cor- 






Fig. 2. The plain lean-to with back to 
the wind and open side to the fire, makes 
a very practical and comfortable shelter. 
Note that the top is .supported by four or 
five suspensions which may be tied to an 
overhead rope or to a convenient branch. 



Fig. 3. The lean-to with triangular front. 

ner, and another in the upper left- 
hand corner. Measure in 3J^ feet 
from each of these rings and sew on 
two more. Between these two, sew 
three rings at intervals of 1^4 feet. 
The upper edge of your cloth will now 
resemble that of Fig. 2. On the op- 
posite edge, pJace two rings, Zy' 2 feet 
from each corner. Any one of the 
three tents here shown can now be 
easily (made. When setting up the 
tents, drive stakes or pegs for the 
corners, and then tie the rings to the 
pegs, rather than driving pegs down 
through the rings themsevles. 

The cloth should be waterproofed, 
and .clear directions for that process 
can be found in almost any book on 
camping. 

A better idea of the different tents 
than any sketch can convey, may be 
obtained by making paper models of 
them. Simply cut your paper twice 
as long as it is wide, and fold on the 
dotted lines. Incidentally, this will 
help a lot when you come to erect 
the real tent. 



420 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Another item which can be Home- 
made is a camp cook-book. Get a 
vest-pocket memorandum book and 
write "Camp Recipes" on the cover. 
Tli en every time you see a recipe for 
anything winch sounds as though it 
could be prepared over a campfire, 
jot it clown; <ind every time you invent 
a camp dish of your own, as you will 
in time, write down the directions for 
making it. When completed this 
book will mean far more to you than 
any that you can buy, and its pages 
will fairly smell of the trail. 

The pack may be made at home, 
although it is perhaps more satisfac- 
tory to buy it. In either case see that 
it is large enough, that the shoulder 
straps are strong and broad, and that 
they are stitched so strongly to the 
bag that no yank, however vigorous, 
feels one of the straps give way. The 
one knows the importance of this un- 
til, miles from any settlement, with 
twenty pounds in his pack, he jumps 
down from a rock or fallen tree and 
feels one of the straps give way. The 
pack should have a cover to shut out 
rain, and of course should be water- 
proof. 

Army blankets are best for night 
covering, being both light and warm. 
If you feel that a rubber blanket is 
necessary, get a poncho, as it will 
serve not only as a blanket on wet 
ground but as a raincoat on a rainy 
day. 

Any of the good books on camping 
will furnish detailed descriptions of 
the proper clothing to be worn. It 
should be light, warm and comfort- 
able. Woolen underclothing is best 
for all seasons. Be very sure to. have 
comfortable shoes, for nothing will so 
surely take the fun out of a tramp as 
shoes that hurt the feet. A sweater 
is a good thing to have along, but 
not the best thing to wear through 
woods unless you wear something 
over it, as it catches very easily on 



twigs and bushes to its own great 
detriment. 

Another fascinating indoor sport is 
laying out the route. If the territory 
through which you are to hike has 
been mapped by the Geological Sur- 
vey, get one of their maps from Wash- 
ington. These are contour maps, and 
show the exact character of the land, 
every ravine, ridge, swamp, brook, 
trail, everything. After a little ex- 
perience you can almost see the land- 
scape by studying the map. 

Lay out the route according to your 
tastes. If you want to fish or hunt 
or climb mountains or see points of 
special interest, plan accordingly. 
See that the route provides good 
camping places for every night. As 
for the length of the trip, that depends 
on your age and experience as a hiker. 

If possible, plan to cover the ground 
wherever there is a roadway by auto 
rather than on foot, saving your 
strength for the trail. To tramp miles 
along a good road with a heavy pack 
is not as much fun as one might 
think. If you can leave the car in 
a convenient place and use it as a 
base of supplies while you make short 
all-day or over-night hikes into the 
woods, that is a good arrangement. 

When the time for the trip draws 
near, make up the grub list. Select 
food that is light, compact, nutritious 
and easy to prepare over a camp-fire. 
These rules are especially important 
if you intend to pack all the food on 
your back. Such things as soup are 
taboo entirely, being very heavy in 
comparison with food value. Raisins 
stand at the other end of the list. If 
you are inexperienced, do not plan to 
. do any elaborate cooking on the trip, 
for it much harder to bake bread or 
pies on the trail than it sounds in 
the books. Do not rely on your abili- 
ty to get sufficient food from the 
woods and streams, or you will cer- 
tainly go hungry. 

When the day arrives, put into 



ARE iGIJ A HIKER? 



421 



your pockets the small articles you 
expect to use most frequently, and 
the rest into the pack. Roll the 
blankets and tent into a long slender 
hnndle to be slung over one shoulder, 
c: :n::* a short compact bundle to be 
-.-. :" on top of the pack. Then leave 
dull care behind and start off. 

You will be eaten alive by mos- 
quitoes, stung to desperation by 
Biidges, tired out by hard tramping. 
Yon ": : Al start at the weird squeal of 
the porcupine at midnight and per- 
:.',' s have to chase him away from 
the provisions. Bugs will get into 
your food and so will ashes. The 
•:. :::Je ot fly dope will break and spoil 



half the grub. The rain — but find 
out for yourself. The more agreeable 
features have been so well advertised 
that they need no reiteration here. 
As for the other things mentioned 
above, you must learn to enjoy your- 
self in spite of them if you would be 
a genuine hiker. 

Stay out long enough to get broken 
in to trail life. That is the only way 
really to develop the rugged self-re- 
liance which is the birthright of every 
American. It is the only way to 
bring back the old pioneer blood. 
And it is the best way, you will agree 
when you have tried it, to have a 
glorious £-ood time. 



A FOREST FIRE 

When Destruction Sweeps Our Woodlands 
By E. E. Woodbury 



12 T one of cur most beautiful towns a 
forest fire was raging. Smoke rolled 
up from the valleys and down from 
the mountain tops, smoke that could he 
seen in twenty-five townships. At night 
the heavens were illuminated by the 
glare of the fire demon as it swept from 
'-■':':] to dale, from mountaintop to valley. 
Pe;- !e watched the s^ene with awe. An 
atom of fire — a match or a discarded 
c:r'.re::e stub — had been jcarelessly 
turned loose; heses this great conflagra- 
tion was sweeping over thousands of 
acre- of for-.-: lands recently logged, 
and hundreds of acres of growing tim- 
ber lands, destroying all in its path: log- 



sent, log pile: 



.no 



:■.: g am] . . eqt 
logging tnn>:.,. 

A mountain v.^:chrnan in the employ 
of the New Hampshire Forestry De- 
partment discov-ered a small fire at 1.10 
K M. July 12th :r- the south slope of 
Flat Mountain :r: the town of Water- 
ville. The ore >wke out in or near a 
deserted lumber wmp and, having every- 
thing possible aw its encouragement, it 
destroyed part - : the buildings before 



th 



it. aiarm 



the watchman could 



bring help. The ground about was 
parched because of protracted dry 
weather, and the evergreen slashings 
caused the fire to spread in all directions 
with such rapidity that it was soon be- 
yond control. Up over the mountain 
one mile away was Camp 10. Around 
this unused camp the belated fire fight- 
ers battled all night and, finally, saved 
the buildings. When the morning sun 
of July 13th appeared above the crest of 
Whiteface Mountain it looked like an 
orb of fire so dense was the smoke. Dur- 
ing the forenoon the fire swept across 
the plain north of Flat Mountain pond 
and around the south on the mountain 
towards Sandwich. One mile east of 
Camp 10 was Camp 11 and one and one 
half miles further was Camp 12. Both 
these were being used and the crews 
were on the fire line one-half mile to 
the west preparing to meet and stop the 
fire and save the camps. From iO A. 
M. to 12 M a light breeze from the east 
retarded the flames; from 12 M to 1 P. 
M. a dead calm prevailed which gave 
strong hopes of stopping further dis- 
tinction. But alas, down from the top 



422 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



[ 1 






Mere was a log pile which the fire devoured hungrily. 



of Sandwich Dome swept a strong west- 
ern gale, flames along the whole fire 
front leaped into the air, embers from 
the burning slash leaped the fire line and 
within ten minutes the whole area ap- 
proaching camps 11 and 12 was a seeth- 
ing, roaring hell of destruction. 
Twenty-five men on the fire line near 
camp 11 found themselves surrounded 
by fire, the only avenue of escape being 
a bog hole into which thirteen of them 
plunged while the others rushed for the 
shore of a pond close by where they 
were obliged to remain close to the 
ground until the flames had swept by. 
For two hours we lay listening to the 
roar of this messenger from hell while 
it rushed on to the east destroying Camps 
11 and 12 and licking up everything that 
could possibly burn. Deer, rabbits, 
squirrels and other fleet-footed animals 
were able to keep out of the way but 
forty hogs and several pigs at the camps 



perished in the flames and probably hun- 
dreds of hedgehogs saved the state the 
possibility of paying bounties for their 
noses. 

The men detailed to clear a fire line 
for the protection of camps 11 and 12 
contentedly ate their dinners, the cooks 
were laying plans for supper little ex- 
pecting that inside of two hours their 
woods home would be a smoking mass 
of ruins. From the west came the hiss- 
ing roar of the flames as they leaped 
from one tree top to another driven by 
the gale that carried the fire over the 
center line. The camp foremen, being 
experienced woodcraftsmen, knew in an 
instant that the camps were doomed. 
Retreat via the roads and log railroad 
was cut off ; every instant the fire was 
getting nearer and nearer until its hot 
breath was the signal for the foremen 
to give the order; "Men, save your- 
selves." 



A FOREST FIRE 



423 



' ■;■ ..... - 



Not only the trees and all vegetation are 
soil itself is impaired and it will be long 

The men at Camp 11 "bleat it" over 

the mountain and on clown into the 
Waterville Valley to the north while the 
men at Camp 12 "hit the trail" down the 
valley to the south into Sandwich. Right 
here is a sad result to record. One of 
the Tire fighters, an elderly man, became 
exhausted and could not keep up with 
the younger men. He sat down to rest. 
On came the fire fiend ; the man saw 
his fate. Hastily he wrote on a scrap 
of paper and pinned to his coat, "John 
Gray died July 13th." The following 
day the body was found. The man evi- 
dently fell upon his face where he died 
from smoke suffocation. 

July 13th was a day long to be re- 
membered by the beautiful hill town of 
Sandwich. The forethought of the 
woods foreman caused the large number 
of horses to be harnessed and driven to 
safety through the woods clown the 
valley into the town. Later came men 



destroyed by the on-reaching flames. The 
before it can support timber growth again. 

from all quarters fleeing from the fires 
on the mountain. It reminds us of the 
lines of Whittier in one of his popular, 
poems which we will here quote by 
changing one word. "Over the moun- 
tain winding down horse and foot into 
Sandwich town." "All day [long in 
Sandwich street sounded the tread of 
marching feet" while the fires swept the 
beautiful south slope of the Waterville 
mountains. 

The fire, sweeping over the fire line, 
divided the men into four groups : the 
men surrounded by tire, the two camp 
crews driven from the woods and the 
men at camp 10. For two hours the 
former and the latter did not know the 
fate of either group and it was not un- 
til in the evening that the fate of the 
crews from 11 and 12 was known. 
Then reports from different towns came 
in stating that men were coming out of 
the woods in several places. The full 



424 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



truth was not known until the following" 
day when all were accounted for except 
one man who was found exhausted in 
the town of Sandwich and cared for 
later. 

Saturday morniHg July 14th the sun 
looked down on a blackened area of 
3500 acres. That beautiful wooded area 
that environed one of the most attrac- 
tive lakelets in the Waterville mountains 
was denuded of its products of forest 
cover that had been several generations 
in the making. While the fury of the 
fire had spent itself, much of it still 
lurked on the mountain tops to the north 
and was not finally squelched until the 
welcome rain of Sunday, Jul}' 15th. 

This forest fire, one of the most des- 
tructive fires of which we have a record, 
caused an enormous loss not only to the 
owners of the timber lands but a loss 
beyond computation to coming genera- 
tions, for no valuable growth will follow 
on this burned area while any of us, re- 
gardless of how young some of us may 
be, are living. Reforestation such as 
future wants will demand was set back 
one hundred years. Not only has the 
commercial value of this area been wiped 
out but the beaut)' of the wooded growth 
is gone. From the beautiful wooded 
slope of the majestic Sandwich Dome 
to the peak of White face Mountain 
will extend a scar that our great-grand- 
children can look upon when they are 
old people. 

Notwithstanding this great commer- 
cial loss of the present, this loss to the 
future, this loss to trie scenic beauty, 
and the damage caused to the watershed, 
let us hope that much good will yet 
come from it after all. Let this fire 
be a warning to people who are too op- 
timistic about our forests ; let it be a 
warning to people who are careless with 
fire ; let it be a warning to cigarette 
smokers and all other smokers who are 
not decent and sane about it. 

As a rule we are not disposed to meas- 
ure the full value of our forests. We 
do not show proper respect for the 



woods from which come our homes. 
Our intent greed for wealth regardless 
of what the future may need drives us 
to destroy rather than conserve. From 
our forests come the homes of the na- 
tion, the fuel to warm its people, the 
furniture that is necessary to equip a 
home. We cannot open our eyes in the 
morning without having revealed to our 
vision some product of the forest. 
Wherever we are, on land or sea, some 
part of the forest" is there to aid and 
protect us. 

When our country was young there 
were forests everywhere and it is small 
wonder that people of that time did not 
foresee the need of conservation but, 
as the cities and towns grew larger and 
lands were cleared for farms, the for- 
ests grew smaller. In other words the 
rapid growth of population demanded 
homes faster than the forests could 
furnish the material, hence the great 
need of strenuous conservation of grow- 
ing timber. Timber is a crop and should 
be harvested in such a way as to en- 
courage another crop to follow. The 
greatest enemy to -conservation of for- 
ests is fire. Why should we not use 
due care to keep this greatest enemy 
away from the chief asset of our pres- 
ent civilization? 

Ours is a literary nation and literature 
depends on the forests. Our forests 
make possible all our books and libraries, 
all our daily and weekly papers and, in 
fact, the news and doings of the world 
are broadcasted by printers' ink on the 
product of the forests. We might go 
on enumerating the uses to which the 
products of our forests, are put but it is 
not necessary. The one great thing 
that should be made a paramount issue 
from now on is, to use fire as a servant 
not as a master. Let us hew close to 
the line of conserving for ourselves and 
. our descendants this most important 
natural asset. Let this unsightly scar 
high up on the southern slopes of the 
Waterville mountains warn us to be 
cautious. 



^5~ 



! 



,-yt ■:, 



: 



' " " ; 



1 



9 W 



^Ct> 



-.A 



At the very beginning of the work. This picture was taken on March 13. 

THE BRISTOL DAM 

All Important AVaiei 
By H. M 



Power Development 



THERE is being constructed near 
Bristol, N. H., by the Ambursen 
Construction Company of New 
York City, and for the Utilities Power 
Company the initial installation of a 
rather extended power development 
which should be of great interest to the 
people of New Hampshire who are in- 
terested in conservation and in the de- 
velopment of the natural resources of the 
state. 

The dam now being constructed is the 
lower 52 feet of what is finally to be an 
82 foot dam. The type of construction 
is known as the Ambursen Reinforced 
Concrete Dam. The spillway will be 
300 feet long and is designed to take 
care of a fourteen- foot overflow of 
water, this being considerably more than 
the largest known flood. Provision has 
been made in the construction for the 
extension of the buttresses or piers 
downstream and upward when it is de- 
cided to increase the height of the dam. 
The entire structure will be about 550 
.feet in length. Besides the spillway of 



Nabstedt 

300 feet there will be about 100 feet de- 
voted to the intake and powerhouse, the 
remainder being used for abutments, 
log sluice, etc. In order to store water 
to the maximum to take care of the dry 
spells the dam will be provided with 
flash-boards live feet in height, thus very 
decidedly increasing the available stor- 
age. 

The dam itself being of the hollow re- 
inforced concrete type, of which about 
150 have been constructed throughout 
the United States, Cuba, Porto Rico and 
Canada, is particularly adapted to this 
particular site. The piers or buttresses 
are triangular in shape and provide for 
a very large base thereby increasing the 
stability of the dam and making it im- 
possible for the structure to slide out or 
turn over. The upstream face of the 
dam is at an angle of 45 degrees so that 
each additional foot of water held back 
by the darn also means an added, ten- 
dency of holding the dam in place. The 
piers support a reinforced concrete, deck 
or water 'barrier and this concrete slab 



■126 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 






v -» 

R 



* 



E, -i 



• 



j 
I 



. > 



taker, April 25 from the river bank toward the west. This shows the westerly 
end of the dam, concrete mixer, storage bins, and unloading platform. 



is carried over the top and down over 
the downstream end of the buttresses 
for the purpose of carrying off the over- 
flow of water. The structure is an im- 
provement over the mass type of dam 
which has been in use for centuries in 
that the upstream face, which is com- 
monly practically perpendicular in the 
mass dam and consequently is subjected 
to the maximum destructive tendencies, 
is replaced with a sloping face which 
permits of the added load of water hav- 
ing a tendency toward stability. 

The construction forces Erst appeared 
at the site about January 1st. Since 
then the forces have been increased un- 
til now about 150 men are engaged on 
the work. The past winter was a very 
unfavorable one and while an attempt 
was made at excavation the efforts were 
largely directed toward the construction 
of a camp to house the construction 
forces, the construction of cottages for 
the administrative forces and the in- 
stallation of construction plant and 
equipment. The first concrete was 



placed in the latter part of April and 
since that time concrete has been flow- 
ing rapidly so that at the date of writing 
the dam looms up as a rather formidable 
structure. 

The spring floods and ice conditions 
were rather severe during the winter and 
spring and no attempt was made toward 
coffer damming. Immediately after the 
freshets work was commenced and the 
north portion of the river was dammed 
off. At the date of this article that 
foundation work through the greater 
}yort ion of the river bed has been com- 
pleted and with favorable weather it is 
merely a matter of a few days when 
the water will be turned through the 
present work and the remainder of the 
river bed will be coffer-dammed and 
construction will proceed toward the 
south embankment, at which place con- 
siderable work has already been done in 
the intake and power house section. The 
favorable weather conditions of the 
past two months have aided greatly in 
advancing this construction. 



THE BRISTOL DAM 



427 



-J 



View taken from the unloading platform showing buttresses on June 13. 



The present power installation is to 
consist of three units of 3351 horse- 
power each. This will later be changed 
to three units of 5808 horsepower each 
when the height of the dam is increased. 
Already the four transformers are at 
the site of the work. The water wheels, 
electrical generators, governors, pen- 
stocks, etc., are on the way to Bristol. 
This massive machinery is being taken 
to the work by means of a specially con- 
structed vehicle. At the work an in- 
clined railway is being constructed to 
take the machinery down the high em- 
bankment and a trestle for taking the 
machinery across the river is being con- 
structed. 

There will be constructed in connec- 
tion with this work several interesting 
appurtenances such as sluiceways to 
lower the water whenever necessary, a 
log sluice to take logs through the dam, 
flashboards for temporarily storing an 
additional amount of water and intake 
provisions for conveying water to the 
power house equipment and the con- 
trolling of this Row. 



While Xew Hampshire has taken ad- 
vantage of its waterpower since its 
earliest days in a small way, a study of 
the trend of waterpower development 
will indicate that its value has always 
been appreciated but a comprehensive 
manner of taking advantage of this in- 
valuable resource lias never been care- 
fully carried out. Many states have 
made this feature of development an 
issue, and the development of water 
power is under its control to a limited 
extent. While this control lias its dis- 
advantages nevertheless there are ad- 
vantages which ultimately will mean 
much more than a haphazard develop- 
ment at this time. An increasing num- 
ber of states are appointing Commissions 
to give the development of water storage 
and power careful attention. Plans 
must be submitted to these Commissions 
before work can be commenced. New 
Hampshire just recently has done this 
and the structure at Bristol is under 
constant state supervision. 

The town of Bristol has a splendid il- 
lustration of wasteful development of 



428 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



• 



., 






i s2 ^s — «- 

On July 4, the work had progressed to this point. The picture was taken from the 

coffer dam. 



I 



water resources. There is a consider- 
able fall between Newfound Lake 
and Pemigewassett River but since there 
are numerous owners of power rights 
on this small stream only a portion of 
the power available is being utilized 
The waste is variously estimated at 60% 
to 90%. Ultimately such conditions 
cannot exist. Yet the Bristol illustra- 
tion is only one of many existing in the 
state. Further the state formerly had 
numerous small developments which 
have gone out of use. The modern 
trend is to assemble many of these small 
developments into larger ones thereby 
reviving the power developments to a 
more efficient degree and by the use of 
transmission lines provide for an outlet 
where the power is required. 

Each new development on any stream 
and its tributaries is an advantage in 
that each serves as a regulator of the 
flow of water. "Excess water is 
stored in large bodies and \vhen the 
rainfall is least this storage is drawn 
upon and if the power developments are 
in use only a portion of the day water 



is stored during the remainder of the 
day. The situation develops itself to 
the point where every person interested 
in any one development is benefitted by 
following all developments, those at the 
lower portions of the stream can well 
afford to co-operate with those above 
and still more decidedly the state can 
well lend its co-operation toward this 
development of the water powers as a 
live help in the conservation of other 
natural resources. 

The Ambursen Construction Com- 
pany has made a specialty of the design 
and construction of water storage and 
power darns for many years. Among 
those on which the writer has worked 
are the one for Oklahoma City which re- 
cently withstood a very severe test in 
taking care of extreme floods, another at 
Tulsa, Oklahoma which is 80 feet in 
height and 1000' feet in length, another 
at Ardmore, Oklahoma. The power de- 
velopment at Bristol is the largest now 
under construction in New Hampshire 
and when it is finally raised will be the 
largest in the state. 



m 



THE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 
AND LEGISLATOR 

By Samuel Copp Worthen 



Pa.ht I. 

■"TfUJE writer contributed to the May- 
June issue of The Granite 
Monthly for the year 1917 a very 
brief account of Major Ezekiel Worthen 
of Kensington, — chiefly with a view to 
clearing away certain errors which had 
gathered about the name of that sterling 
New Hampshire patriot. The object of 
this article is to present somewhat in 
detail the facts of his life and to give an 
outline of the principal events in which 
he participated. 

Ezekiel, son of Ezekiel and Abigail 
(Carter) Worthen was born at Ames- 
bury, Mass., on Mar. 18, 1710. He 
married about the year 1732 Hannah, 
daughter of William and Rachel (Sar- 
gent) Currier, who was born at Ames- 
bury on June 26, 1711. A few years 
after his marriage he removed to Ken- 
sington. He became a leading citizen 
of Rockingham County, and had the ex- 
ceptional privilege of serving his coun- 
try well in three important wars. He 
played a creditable part in some of the 
most stirring scenes of our early history. 

In 1744 the conflict in Europe called 
the War of the Austrian Succession, 1 
plunged Great Britain's North Ameri- 
can colonies into one of those periodical 
struggles in which their frontiers were 
ravaged by the French and their border 
settlements became a prey to the mur- 
derous scalping knife of the savage. As 
a measure of retaliation Gov. Shirley of 
Massachusetts adopted the bold plan of 
striking with a force of farmers and 
fishermen, unaided by regular troops, at 
Louisburg on Cape Breton Island, the 
•strongest French fortress in America. 
It had been twenty years in building and 
had cost $6,000,000. It was surrounded 
by walls of solid masonry from twenty 

1. Usually known on this side of the sea ; 

2. Afterwards Sir William PepperelL 

3. A large proportion of the men were re 
Massachusetts. 

4. Sketch of the Town of Kensington l>y the 
ham and Strafford Counties, .V. }{. % Sf>0. 



to thirty feet high and was regarded by 
the French as- impregnable. 

On the first of May, 1743, this strong- 
hold was besieged by Gen. William Pep- 
perell. a merchant of Kittery, Maine, 2 
with 3,000 New England militia, 3 in- 
cluding a regiment of about 350 New 
Hampshire men, besides 150 others from 
that Colony in the pay of Massachu- 
setts. The Xew Hampshire troops were 
conspicuous in the operations. At the 
outset they spent fourteen nights in 
dragging cannon over a deep morass 
between the landing place and the camp, 
under the guns of the enemy. This is 
described as "a labor beyond the power 
of oxen" and without which the ex- 
pedition would have been a failure. 
They took part in all the important 
movements, including the erection of the 
"Lighthouse battery" which aided ma- 
terially in the reduction of the fortress. 
The commandant, Duchambon, was 
compelled to surrender on June 17, 
1745. 

Ezekiel Worthen served in this ex- 
pedition as ensign and lieutenant in a 
company commanded by Capt. Jonathan 
Prescott of Kensington, and is general- 
ly believed to have taken a prominent 
part in the siege. The Rev. George Os- 
good states in his history of the town 
of Kensington that he was present at 
the siege and "is said to have done good 
service as an engineer, building works 
against the enemy, probably the bat- 
tery on Lighthouse Cliff." 4 However, it 
appears from the records that Capt. 
Prescott's company was recruited in 
Xew Hampshire as a reinforcement, 
and that Ezekiel Worthen was not en- 
rolled until the very day of the surren- 
der. No favorable news had reached 
New England, and these volunteers 

s "King George's War." 

;ruiu.d'in the District of Maine, then a part of 
Rev. George Osgood, in Kurd's History of Rocking- 



430 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



doubtless believed they were embarking 
upon a venture which involved much 
hard fighting - , as well as great danger. 
They proceeded at once to the scene of 

action, and did garrison duty at Louis- 
burg for 'about ** year before they were 
relieved by the British regulars. 

During this time the little garrison 
was in a most perilous position. Far 
from their base of supplies, in the midst 
of a hostile country, exposed to attack by 
land and sea. their leaders were under 
constant apprehension of a combined 
assault by a French fleet and an army 
of Canadians and Indians. The forti- 
fications had been wrecked by the bom- 
bardment, and were hastily repaired and 
rebuilt. Perhaps the tradition concern- 
ing Ezekiel's engineering feats at Louis- 
burg is based upon the part taken by 
him in these defensive works. 

After the surrender sickness pre- 
vailed to an alarming extent, and Pep- 
perell's force was at one time reduced 
to less than 1,000 effective men. As 
winter approached serious apprehensions 
were felt, and Capt. Prescott and Capt. 
Waldron were sent to Xew Hampshire 
to appeal to the Governor and Legisla- 
ture for relief. 

On Sept, 24th Prescott and Waldron 
presented a petition of the officers of the 
New Hampshire Regiment ?t Louis- 
burg 5 together with a long supplemen- 
tary memorial drawn up and signed by 
themselves, and on Oct. 5th the House 
voted : 

"That there be paid out of ye Treas- 
ury, of ye money for ye Expedition, to 
ye officers & soldiers or their order that 
last went on ye Expedition to Louisbourg 
as a Reinforcement provided they have 
been so long in ye Service, two months 
wages. And that Capt. Jonathan Pres- 
cott who is from Louisbourg to provide 
necessary stores for his company now 
at Louisbourg have Liberty to draw out 
of ye Treasury for each of his officers 
& soldiers belonging to his company 



uvo months wages as above, to provide 
private stores. &c. for his men/' 

This resolution was approved by the 
Governor and Council, and the Captain 
returned with the much needed supplies. 
Soon afterwards he was taken ill with 
typhus fever, of which he died at Louis- 
burg on Jan. 19, 1746. 7 On October 
1st, 1745, Ensign Ezekiel Worthed was 
promoted to the rank of First Lieuten- 
ant. 8 Owing to the absence of Capt. 
Prescott and his subsequent illness and 
death. Lieut. Worthen was in active 
command of the company for a con- 
siderable portion of the term of its ser- 
vice. He returned home and was dis- 
charged on June 20, 1746. 

In 1754 the French and English 
colonists began their final tremendous 
struggle for supremacy, in which as 
usual the most efficient weapon employed 
by the French was the tomahawk of the 
savage aborigines. With their hordes 
of painted warriors, evoked from the 
dark forests of the interior, the distant 
western prairies and the -.bleak wood- 
lands of the North, they fell upon the 
thin line of British settlements fringing 
the Atlantic, in a whirlwind of ferocity 
which for a time theatened to sweep 
them into the sea. The conflict raged 
with especial fury along the Northern 
border, and none bore the brunt of it 
more bravely than the hardy woodsmen 
of New Hampshire. 

]n this momentous struggle Ezekiel 
Worthen of Kensington took an active 
part. For the "Crown Point Expedi- 
tion" of 1756 the Province of New 
Hampshire raised a regiment of 700 
men under Col. Nathaniel Meserve of 
Portsmouth. It consisted of twelve 
companies, the 8th of which was com- 
manded by Capt. Ezekiel Worthen. 
The original muster-roll of his company 
and the receipt for its first month's pay, 
dated May 25, 1756, and written out in 
the Captain's bold, clear handwriting, 
are now in the possession of one of his 



5. Prr.rincxzl and Ftate Paters of Xtic Hampshire, Vol. V, p 

6. Provincial and vt>ite Papers of 2Uv; Hampshire, Vol. V, p. 

7. Prrscolt Afaiioiial (Tim. Prescott, $1. D. 1870) y. 235. 

8. Roll of the Kew Hampshire Men at Lcuislur.g, Cai.e Breton, 



370. 

use. 



(Geo. C. Gilmore, 1S96) p. 45. 



THE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 



431 



The Old Worthen House at "Eastn 

descendants. Miss Josephine P. Dow of 
Exeter. The object and proposed dura- 
tion of its service are thus described in 
the muster-roll : "To remove French en- 
croachments to the North of Albany or 
Eastward of Schenectada : to serve nine 
Months if the Expedition is not sooner 
over." 

Mo important battle was fought on 
that front during the season, though 
some sharp skirmishes took place. 9 The 
woods were full of savages ready to 
strike down any soldier who became 
separated from his comrades even for a 
short time and to ambush small detach- 
ments or scouting parties; but Mont- 
calm, on account of the large force of 
American militia confronting him, did 
not venture to attack Fort William 
Henry, as he is said to have intended, 
and the Earl of Loudon, who superseded 
Gov. Shirley in the command of our 
army, hesitated to bring on a decisive 
engagement. M'eserve-s regiment was 
not idle, however, being employed in 
building forts and batteaux and in other 

9. History of QueevaVury, Xrv York (A. W. If" 

10. Hi, lory of Xtir Hampshin (Jeremy Belknap) 
trayed in Parkman's poem, "The New Hampshir 
Magazine for August, 1S45. 



Photo by Mrs. Wendell P.. Folsorn of Exeter 

tan's Corner," Kensington, N. H. 

useful works. These operations were 
conducted on a line extending from 
Fort Albany to Fort George. Loudon 
was so impressed with the qualifications 
of the New Hampshire men for this 
border warfare (their agility, skill and 
endurance as well as woodcraft) that 
he gave orders for the organization of 
three companies of "rangers''' from that 
Province, which, under Robert Rogers, 
John Stark and William Stark, did ex- 
cellent service during the war and were 
afterwards allowed half pay on the Brit- 
ish establishment. 10 

Capt. Worthen" acquitted himself 
creditably during this campaign and re- 
turned home when the regulars went 
into winter quarters and the militia 
regiments were discharged. It is prob- 
able that his engineering skill proved 
useful in. the erection of the fortifications 
above mentioned. On Jan. 1st, 1757, 
the House of Representatives voted an 
allowance to meet the expenses of the 
expedition, including the pay-roll of 
Capt. Worthen's company. 

Men) 1874 pp. S0S-1,. 

Vol. 1, !>. 316. This type of soldier is aptly por- 
ta Ranger,** which appeared in the Knickerbocker 



432 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



A regiment of 500 men under Col. 
Nathaniel Meserve and Lieut. Col. John 
Goffe went to the front from New 
Hampshire in 1757. Most of the rec- 
ords of this regiment have been lost, 
and the captains of the 1st, 3rd and 
6th 11 companies are the only ones men- 
tioned in any official document known 
to the writer, though there must have 
been at least eight companies, judging 
from the number of enlisted men. 12 
There is convincing oral or traditionary 
evidence that one of tliese companies 
was commanded by Capt. Ezekiel Wor- 
then of Kensington. Col. Meserve with 
100 carpenters and three companies of 
rangers went to join the forces under 
the immediate command of the Earl of 
Loudon at Halifax and the remainder 
of the regiment, including Capt. Vv'or- 
then's Company (between 200 and 250 
men in all) under Lieut. -Col. Goffe, 
marched to Number-Four and thence to 
Albany. Gen. Webb then posted them 
at Fort William Henry, at the head of 
Lake George, as part of the garrison un- 
der the command of Col. Monroe. 

Meanwhile, Gen. Montcalm had as- 
sembled a large force, including a mot- 
ley horde of savages in which forty-one 
tribes and sub-tribes, Christian and 
heathen, were represented. They had 
flocked in from regions as remote and 
widely separated as Acadia on the East, 
and the valley of the Ohio and the 
shores of Lake Superior on the West. 
There were present cannibals "from the 
Western Sea" never until then beheld 
in that country. The warriors were 
painted with vermilion, white, green, 
yellow and black, had rings of brass 
wire in their ears, and were "adorned 
with every ornament most suited to dis- 
figure them in European' eyes." Their 
hideous aspect and bestial habits ren- 
dered them objects of dread and dis- 
gust to the more humane, of their French 
allies, several of whom have left records 
of the manner in which they devoured 

11. Potter's "Military" History" in Report of 
ending July l, JVCG, Vol. II, p. 179. 

12. The rolis and other records were probably 



the Mesh and drank the blood of then- 
victims. One states that "sometimes 
when .mad with brandy they grappled 
and tore each other with their teeth like 
wolves." 

Such was the demoniac crew with 
which on August 3rd, 1757, the Marquis 
of Montcalm descended upon and sur- 
rounded Fort William Henry. Fie also 
had with him 6000 Canadian and French 
troops and a train of artillery. Col. 
Monroe made a gallant defence, but on 
August 9th, his ammunition being ex- 
hausted, his fortifications battered, 
smallpox 'raging amcing his men and 
many having been killed and wounded 
by the bombardment, he was compelled 
to surrender. The terms agreed upon 
with Montcalm were most honorable, 
providing for the retention of personal 
baggage and a safe escort to Fort Ed- 
ward, fourteen miles distant. No 
sooner were the gates opened, however, 
when the Indians rushed in and toma- 
hawked the sick and wounded. A 
rather feeble attempt was made by the 
Fench officers to protect their prisoners 
and carry out the terms of the capitula- 
tion, but many were robbed and mur- 
dered, and the attitude of the savages 
continued to grow- more menacing. The 
attempt of the survivors to march to 
Fort Edward under French escort is 
thus graphically described by Parkman : 

"When after much difficulty the 
column at last got out of the camp and 
began to move ' along the road that 
crossed the rough plain between the en- 
campment and the forest the Indians 
crowded upon them, impeded their 
march, snatched caps, coats and weapons 
from men and officers, tomahawked 
those that resisted and seizing upon 
shrieking women and children dragged 
them off or murdered them upon the 
spot. It is said that some of the inter- 
preters fomented the disorder. Sud- 
denly there rose the screech of the war- 
whoop. At this signal of butchery, 

the Adjutant General of 2<tv: Honpuhire for tic year 
t at the time of the massacre beicv/ described. 



THi^ STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 



433 



a mob of savages rushed upon the New 
Hampshire men at the rear of the 
column." 

Then ensued the most dreadful scenes 
of slaughter. The English were with- 
out ammunition and totally defenseless. 
The Indians stripped them to the skin 
and ruthlessly plied the tomahawk and 
scalping knife. 

In the midst of this fiendish orgy of 
hlood arid terror Capt. Worthen did not 
lose his presence of mind. A number 
of savages rushed upon him, but while 
they were quarreling over the posses- 
sion of his red waistcoat he made a bold 
dash for freedom. Seizing one of their 
guns he ran down a steep hill through 
the woods at top speed and when out of 
sight flung himself at full length on the 
ground beside a fallen tree. lie 

pressed his body close up under the edge 
of the log and covered himself with 
pieces of bark. So cleverly was he con- 
cealed that the Indians following in hot 
pursuit leaped over the log and passed 
on without discovering his hiding place. 
At nightfall he resumed his flight under 
the cover of darkness and after incredible 
perils and hardships reached a place of 
safety — probably Fort Edward. He 
was completely exhausted and so nearly 
famished that it was deemed prudent to 
give him nothing but parched corn and 
water until his gradually returning 
strength enabled him with safety to take 
more substantial nourishment. 

The Massacre of Fort William Henry 
aroused horror and hatred throughout 
tiie English speaking world and con- 
tributed materially to the speedy down- 
fall of the French power in America. 
Its tales of terror were long repeated 
at New England firesides, and the 
memory of Ezekiel's miraculous escape 
is still preserved among many scattered 
branches of his posterity. 

A musket of French, manufacture 
brought home by Capt. Ezekiel from the 



Wars long remained in the possession 
of his descendants. It was known as 
"The Indian gun" and was no doubt 
the same one carried away by him as 
above described from the massacre of 
Fort William Henry. It probably 

passed to his youngest son, Enoch, who 
remained on the home place. At all 
events it was subsequently in the pos- 
session of Enoch's daughter, Sarah 
(Worthen) Perkins, who died at Ken- 
sington in 1863 aged 92 years. Not 
long before her death she gave it to 
Ezekiel Worthen James of Boston, a 
great grandson of Hannah (Worthen) 
James, one of the daughters of Capt. 
Ezekiel Worthen, requesting him to 
transmit it to his son as an heirloom. 
Unfortunately, however, the son died in 
youth and Mr. James wishing to pre- 
serve the historic relic for the benefit of 
future generations, presented it to the 
Bunker Hill Monument Association. 13 

Though known chiefly to later genera- 
tions as a military man, Ezekiel Wor- 
then was not inactive in civil matters 
or in the affairs of the church. He set- 
tled in Kensington about the year 1738 
soon after it had been incorporated as a 
parish. From the first he seems to have 
been considered a leading citizen, for he 
was called "Gentleman" in a deed dated 
as early as July 20, 1740. He was 
generally so designated in all the public 
records, but was occasionally described 
as "joynef" or "house carpenter." The 
town books 14 show that he was elected 
a selectman in 1748 not long after his 
return from Louisburg. Thereafter 
his name appears from time to time as 
surveyor of highways, constable, select- 
man' and moderator at town meetings. 
He was a man of substance and had 
attained an honorable position in the 
region where he lived when disputes 
with the mother country culminated in 
armed conflict. 

To be continued 



13. The writer was Informed of the circumstances under which Mr. James acquired the jrun 
and donated it to the society above mentioned, by Miss Cornelia A. James of Manchester, N. H., 
a granddaughter of Hannah (Worthen) James of DeerneSd. The facts are very clearly and fully 
stated in a Utter written by Miss .lames after she had passed her 9.0th birthday. She is now 

deceased. 

14. Examined for the writer by Mr. George Osgood of Kensington. 



AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM 




Compiled bv Arthur Johnson 
Illustrated by Elizabeth Shurtleff 



S^bs^z^sg 



*^^£>^<z?m5^*^££&^ 






to 

/-■: . .- -. 



UPHILL 
By Christina Georgina Rossetti 

Does the road wind uphill all the way? 

Yes, to the very end. 
Will the journey take the whole long day? 

From mora to night, my friend. 

But is there for the night a resting-place? 
A roof for when the slow, dark hours begin, 
May not the darkness hide it from my face! 
You cannot miss that Inn. 

Shall I meet other wayfarers at night? 
• Those who have gone before. 
Then must I knock, or call when just' in sight? 
They will not keep you waiting at that door, 

Shall I find comfort, travel-sore and weak? 
j Of labour you shall find the sum. 
'.Will there be beds for me and all who seek ? 
Yea, beds for all who come. 



THE NILE 

By -Leigh Hunt 




It flows through old hush'd Egypt and its sands, 
Like some grave mighty thought threading a dream, 
And times and things-, as in that vision, seem 

Keeping along it their eternal stands, — 

Caves, pillars, pyramids, the shepherd bands 

That roamed through the young world, the glory exteme 
Of high Sessostris, and that southern beam, 
he laughing queen that caught the world's great hands. 







Then comes a mightier silence, stern and strong, 
As of a world left empty of its throng, 

And the void weighs on us ; and then we wake 
And hear the fruitful stream lapsing along 

Twixt villages, and think how we shall take 

Our own calm journey on for human sake. 








^.35 



THE BALLAD OF KEITH OF RAVELSTON 



By Sidney Do bell 



m j P\. 




The murmur of the mourning ghost 

That keeps the shadowy kine, 
'O Keith of Ravelston. 

The sorrows oi thy line!' 

Ravelston, Ravelston, 

The merry path that leads 
Down the golden morning hill. 

And thro' the silver meads; 

Ravelston, Ravelston, 

The stile beneath the tree, 
The maid that kept her mother's kine. 

The $ong that sang she! 

She sang her song, she kept her kine. 

She sat beneath the thorn. 
When Andrew Keith of Ravelston 

Rode thro, the Monday morn. 

1 1 is henchmen sing, his hawk-bells ring. 

His belted jewels shine; 
O Keith of Ravelston, 

The sorrows of thy line! 

Year after year, where Andrew came. 

Comes evening down the glade, 
And still there sits a moonshine ghost 

Where sat the sunshine maid. { lav my hand , ipon the stile 







Her misty hair is faint and fair, 
She keeps the shadow)' kine ; 

O Keith of Ravelston, 
The sorrows of thy line! 







The stile is lone and cold 
The burnie that goes babbling by 
Says naught that can be told. 

Yet, stranger! here, from year to year, 

She keeps her shadow}- kine ; 
O Keith of Ravelston, 

The sorrows of thy line! 

Step out three steps, where Andrew stood- 
W hy b la tic h 1 1 1 y c he e k s f o r ' f e a r ? 

The ancient stile is not alone, 
'Tis not the burn I hear! 

She .makes her immemorial moan. 

She keeps her shadowy kine; 
O Keith of Ravelston, 

The sorrows of thy line! 









£3^ 

_ i — r vv: » 











>,~^ 


£*• 








- :m 


■ • • 




v 


• 

-V-; 





&w> 



Harold Hardy (left) and C. E. Hardy (right). These men have built up the splendid 

orchards described in this article. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE APPLES AT THEIR BEST 

The Orchard of Hardy and Son 
By G. F. Potter. 




HEN EVER there is an occasion 
to exhibit New Hampshire's 

fruit farms, — possibly to some 
national authority on fruit or to visitors 
from other states — there is one farm 
which is always included in the list to 
be seen, the farm pf C. E. Hardy & 
Son at Hollis, X. H. There are larger 
orchards in New Hampshire and many 
of them splendid ones; there are or- 
chards on more promising sites; there 
may be orchards which pay nearly or 
quite as well, but there is none where 
one can rely upon finding a higher 
quality of product or better demonstra- 
tion of modern scientific orchard man- 
agement. It is a fruit farm which has 
been built up through close co-opera- 
tion of the father, C. E. Hardy, and his 
son Harold, a farm which has paid its 
own way along every step in its pro- 
gress. Moreover, the notable success 
of this farm has led the way in making 
Hollis the largest fruit producing com- 



munity in New Hampshire. Through the 
rows of trees of the Hardy orchard one 
may look out across the fields of neigh- 
bors, dotted with orchard planting. 

The farm has been occupied by Mr. 
Hardy's people since 1849. Mr. 
Hardy's father, who was a cooper, plied 
his trade in a small shop near the pres- 
ent Hardy homestead. Fifty-seven 
years ago he purchased the field which 
is now the site of New Hampshire's 
most promising orchards and started 
farming. The land at that time looked 
little as it does to-day. The field was 
full of brush and stone and a portion of 
it was poorly drained. It was used as 
a cow pasture but here and there were 
seedling apple trees some of which had 
been grafted with scions, which, it is of 
interest to note, came almost directly 
from the original Baldwin tree on the 
farm of John Ball at Wilmington, Mass. 
A barrier of boards had been placed 
around each grafted tree in order to 



N'EW HAMPSHIRE APPLES AT THEIR BEST 



437 



. 



The storage and packing plant. 1200 bushels of fruit were handled here 



1922. 



keep the cows away. The cooper in em- 
barking in the field of farming made 
his chief industry that of producing mar- 
ket hay and dairy products, but he con- 
tinued to graft and protect each seedling 
tree. Year by year, the brush and 
stones were cleared away, tile was laid 
under the low ground until there evolved 
a beautiful held of shale soil, which in 
New Hampshire almost invariably de- 
notes a good orchard location. 

In 190S the elder Mr. Hardy passed 
away and the farm came into the pos- 
session of his sou, Charles, who indeed 
had been actively managing it for some 
years previous. At that time Harold 
Hardy was at New Hampshire College 
where, from 1905 until 1910, he took the 
long course in Agriculture, majoring in 
fruit-growng under Professors Hall and 
Rane. During his senior year the Chair 
of Horticulture passed to B. S. Pickett, 
who took a considerable interest in the 
farm at Hollis and, after Harold's grad- 
uation, visited the place frequently and 
assisted in planning for its development. 

Harold Hardy came home with his 
college education in 1910, and it was in 
the following spring that he and his 
father definitely started a fruit planting 
program. There were at that time about 



500 to 600 trees on the farm. About 
one-half of these were the grafted seed- 
lings which have previously been refer- 
red to, and the remainder were in a 
planting of Baldwin and Mcintosh 
which had been made upon one of the 
higher fields. In 1911 an additional 6'00 
trees were set, and in 1912 between 1300 
and 1400 trees were put out. These 
were the two largest plantings, but in 
succeeding years plantings of from 100 
to nearly 500 trees had been made until 
there is to-day a total of about 3800 
trees upon the farm. 

As compared to many other fruit 
farms in New Hampshire the propor- 
tion of early varieties is high. Graven- 
btein, an early market variety which 
succeeds well in some sections and often 
fails in others, has been found to be very 
well adapted to this locality. It forms 
a considerable proportion of the Hardy 
orchards. Wealthy, another early fall 
variety, has been used to a large extent. 
There are extensive plantings of the 
well known Mcintosh Red. There are 
a large number of Wagener, a late 
variety, but one which bears at a rela- 
tively early age and for this reason is 
adapted to planting between the perma- 
nent trees of an orchard which are too 



4c'S 



THE GRANITE .MONTHLY 



}• -•::: ™ .-■••.-"•■■.■• -..••_. ■'•'■'^S;- 



< 



Hollis is developing into an apple center, 
one may glimpse young or 

far apart to need all the space at first. 
The Wagener variety has proven itself 
especially well adapted to use as a 
"filler" because it is of upright habit and 
can remain a lung time without crowd- 
ing the permanent trees. In the early 
plantings of the Hard}' orchard a good 
many Jonathan were used; but if plant- 
ing to-day it is probable that this variety 
would not be included at all. Ir is not 
well adapted climatically to the condi- 
tions of southern Xcw Hampshire and 
has given a great deal of difficulty on 
account of its characteristic disease 
known as Jonathan Spot. As in all 
other New Hampshire orchards the 
Baldwin is the main late variety. 

The Hardy farm is one which is well 
adapted to the system of clean cultiva- 
tion in the orchards, the plan which is 
followed in mobt of the largest produc- 
ing orchards in this country although it 
is not the plan best adapted to many of 
the New Hampshire hills. The ground 
is tilled early in the spring and is kept 
thoroughly worked until about the first 
of July, when a crop is planted to be 
plowed under the following spring. 
Crimson clover is used to a consider- 



Through rows of mature Baldwin trees 
chards on adjoining fields. 

able extent for planting these so-called 
"cover crops," and through its ability to 
fix nitrogen adds considerably to the 
fertility of the soil. In many orchards 
where the cultivation system is practiced 
there are grass and weeds next the 
trees, but a visit to a young orchard on 
the Hardy plantation discloses the trees 
cultivated as cleanly as a crop of corn. 
The most modern equipment for getting 
under the branches close to the trees is 
used. For the most part the motive 
power is furnished by horses. The 
tractor is tried, and where it proves 
more economical it is used to a certain 
extent ; but in general the best results 
have been obtained by cultivating with 
teams. 

\\ nen the first large plantings on the 
Hardy farm were made, the horticultur- 
ists over the entire country were recom- 
mending the type of tree which is known 
as the open-centered or vase- form tree, 
and this is the type which predominates 
in these early plantings. Experience 
here and elsewhere has shown that this 
type of tree is structurally weak; that it 
tends to break down under stress of 
storm and crop. In the later plantings, 



MEW HAMPSHIRE APPLES AT THEIR BEST 






their third season 



A young orchard interplanted with shell beans. The trees are in 

of growth. 

therefore the Hardy's have adopted the utmost thoroughness, they have obtained 
more modern "semi-leader" tree, in results which have made other growers 
which a strong trunk is induced to grow take heart and follow this example. 

Sometimes as much as six or eight gal- 
lons of spray mixture have been applied 
to a single Mcintosh tree at one spray- 
ing, and these applications have been 
put on not less than six times a season. 
Thousands of bushels of perfectly clean 
fruit have rewarded them for the trouble 
and expense. 

In 1912 the Hardys constructed the 
large storage and packing house, which 
is shown in one of the accompanying il- 
lustrations. In building a central pack- 
ing house and transporting the apples 
from the orchard to the storage to be 
graded and packed indoors by the aid of 
sizing machinery and other special equip- 
ment, the Hardys marked a distinct ad- 
vance over the method of packing in the 



through the center of the head and a 
larger number of well spaced side 
branches produced along this trunk to 
carry the bearing area of the tree. 

In the production of the high class ap- 
ples perhaps the most important single 
operation is that of spraying. There 
have been years in New Hampshire when 
some of the growers were disheartened 
by the prevalence of disease, particularly 
the apple scab disease on the Mcintosh. 
This variety, which is of highest quality 
and most profitable when clean from 
disease, is very difficult to protect against 
the fungus. The Hardy Farm, equipped 
with the most modern high power spray- 
ers, has led the way in New Hampshire 
in demonstrating what can be done in 

the production of clean high-class held which was then practiced in most 
Mcintosh apples, even under most un- other New Hampshire orchards. The 
favorable weather conditions such as storage cellar is air cooled. It is prob- 
were experienced in 1922. Following able that within a few years there may 
accurately the recommendations of the he added units with mechanical r.efriger- 
college and applying each spray with the ation, which will he of service in hand- 



440 



THE GRANH E MONTHLY 



ling some ox the mo 
ties. The house i: 
fruit, may be brought 



e perishable varie- 

so arranged that 

on the wagon into 



one compartment and, after the outside 



doors have been do* 



tload'e< 



nd 

transferred into the main storage. In 
this way the fruit is brought in without 
allowing the cool air to escape and with 
the least possible changing of the tem- 



perature. 



In 1922 more than 12,000 



bushels of fruit were stored and packed 
in this way. 

In packing and marketing methods the 
Hardy farm has reached very high de- 
velopment. Harold Hardy is known as 
the most skillful fruit packer in New 
Hampshire, and there is no question as 
to his right to the title. Practically the 
entire crop of early varieties is marketed 
in the Boston Market Box, a relatively 
shallow square box, which when skil- 
fully packed makes an exhibit package 
superior to the oblong box packs which 
come from the Pacific Northwest. Each 
apple is placed in position, layer on layer, 
row on row, with the result that the ap- 
pearance of the completed box is most 
attractive. Buyers and sellers of New 
England early fruit agree in commend- 
ing this package. The Hardy trucks 
carry these boxes by the thousand to the 
markets of southern New Hampshire 
and eastern Massachusetts. 

Farm Management studies have shown 
that the seasons at which orchard work 
may be carried on are relatively limited. 
There are many times of year .when 
there is little work to be done on the 
trees, and therefore it is usually most 
profitable to combine the orchard indus- 
try with other types o"f farming. At 
the Hard}- farm there is a variety of by- 
products which without exaggeration 
keep the men busy every day in the year. 
In a small way the farm is still in dairy 
production, there being a herd of twelve 
head of cattle, — seven milking cows, all 
of them high producers. Between the 



rows of the young cultivated orchards 
various truck and farm crops are pro- 
duced. Thus, there is a full acre of 
strawberries and more than six acres of 
horticultural beans. The beans are 
grown from seed selected each year from 
the most perfect and best colored plants, 
for the public pays best for the dark 
red pods. It is forty- four miles by 
road from the Hardy farm to North 
Market Street in Boston, and on many 
an early morning in late summer the 
Hardy truck pulls up at the Boston 
market with its load of shell beans to 
be sold at an excellent profit. In sea- 
son there are raspberries and again crops 
of sweet corn and cabbage. There are 
fields of field corn interplanted with 
pumpkins and plantings of tomatoes as 
large as on many another farm in which 
truck gardening is the chief industry. 
In another field one may find a planting 
of squash, mostly of the Blue Hubbard 
variety, and, like the beans, grown from 
seed carefully selected year by year. 
Thus, while the fruit crop is the main 
stay, the income from this source is ably 
abetted by returns from these other 
crops. 

The record of achievement at the 
Hardy Farm is one of which its owner 
may be justly proud. When the fruit 
is exhibited at New England shows, a 
goodly share of the blue ribbons go 
home to Hollis ; and the guest in the 
Hardy home may be shown an amaz- 
ing collection of cups and trophies. It 
has not all been easy. There have been 
losses and discouragements. Mr. Hardy 
smiles a slow smile at the mention of 
hail. There was once when it was not 
a smiling matter. But the farm to-day 
is a splendid paying proposition, and it 
has been built from the ground up 
through the energy, skill and foresight 
of C. E. liardy and Son. It answers 
the question as to what others can do 
with New Hampshire farms. 



w 



■ 4 
\ f 



/ 



Dr. Anna B. Parker who heads the New- 
Hampshire League of Women Voters. 

THE NEW HAMPSHIRE LEAGUE OF 
WOMEN VOTERS 

A Growing Power in State Affairs 



1T1HE New Hampshire League of 
Women Voters enters upon its 
fourth season of activity inspired 
by a constantly increasing interest among 
the women of the state and a spirit of 
co-operation which promises high 
achievement of its purposes, One year 
ago it was decided that the ever-in- 
creasing need and demand for more in- 
telligent and interested voters called ur- 
gently upon the League to push with 
energy a program of education in citi- 
zenship in this state. Such a program 
with outline of special activities was 
adopted and Dr. Anna B. Parker was 
elected to start the work during the last 
session of legislature when the minds 
of the .people would be turned to politi- 
cal matters and it would be possible to 
secure a larger measure of success than 
at any other time. This campaign was 



carried on from an office in the Patriot 
Building, Concord, for four months, 
starting January first. The results 
were most gratifying and at the annual 
meeting in May, Dr. Parker was elected 
State President of the League. Plans 
were made looking toward continued in- 
tensive effort during the coming year. 
The organization was strengthened by 
the election of active directors in every 
county and the enlargement of the board 
of general diectors which is representa- 
tive of every part of New Hampshire. 
The National League of Women 
Voters came into existence a fully equip- 
ped and organized association, repre- 
senting about two million women, by 
the transformation of the National Equal 
Suffrage Association into the League. 
Its purpose was to educate and equip 
women for intelligent participation in 



442 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



public affairs. Women knew nothing 
about the management of public busi- 
ness up to that time excepting what a 
male electorate had failed to accomplish. 
They resolved to pur the party system 
to the test of actual personal participa- 
tion before they tried to change any- 
thing or improve upon it in any way. 
The purposes of the League, originally 
declared and since adopted by every 
state in the union, are simple and funda- 
mental : 

To arouse women to their civic responsi- 
bility, 

To supply unbiased information on public 
questions, 

To urge women to become active members 
of existing- political parties, 

To support needed legislation. 

With these purposes the New Hamp- 
shire League is in full sympathy but it 
has decided that the need of education 
in citizenship should be met first of all 
and it believes that when women are 
awakened to their public responsibilites 
and learn to keep informed upon public 
questions they may be left to themselves 
to decide how their votes can be made 
to count most for efficiency in govern- 
ment. The work for the coming sea- 
son will be continued on the strictly 
non-partisan lines of the past years. 
Local Leagues will be formed wherever 
called for in larger towns and cities. 
Study groups will be fostered in small 
towns for which the League will fur- 
nish teachers or material as desired. 
Work through civic and legislative de- 
partments of clubs and societies will be 
continued. Full co-operation in all ef- 
forts for the civic and political educa- 
tion of women, the answering of every 
demand made upon it by the women of 
the state, is the aim of the New Hamp- 
shire League of Women Voters. The 
year's plan includes two schools of citi- 
zenship, one in the late Autumn and one 
in the Spring, both to be north of Con- 
cord. The work will begin the middle 
of September in Carroll county. 

During the season just ended two 
very successful schools of citizenship 



have been held. The first at Keene, the. 
home of the retiring President, Mrs. 
Lula F. LesUre at which candidates for 
Governor, United States Congressman 
and other offices addressed the women. 
Several notable men and women from 
New • Hampshire and Massachusetts 
took part in discussing laws and public 
policies the women need to know, and 
Mrs. Maude Wood Park, President of 
the National League of Women Voters, 
gave an inspiring address on the work 
and aims of the organization nationally. 
Just before the local city election in 
the Spring another school of citizenship 
was held by the Laconia League, one of 
the finest working leagues in the state 
under the leadership of Mrs. Minnie E. 
Thompson. Candidates for mayor and 
other offices appeared and outlined city 
conditions and their policies if elected. 
Able speakers discussed such questions 
' as the direct primary, uniform laws for 
all states, the machinery of government 
and the County budget. In the evening 
a debate was held discussing the pro- 
posed taxation amendment to the state 
constitution. This was broadcasted by 
radio and attracted a great deal of at- 
tention. 

Dr. Anna B. Parker, the new Presi- 
dent of the New Hampshire League of 
Women Voters is a native of the state, 
though she lived for twenty-five years 
in Boston. Pier father was William D. 
Dimick of Lyme, her mother was Anne 
M. Folsom of Gilmanton and on both 
sides her ancestry is of pure New Eng- 
land Stock. Pier forefathers took part 
in every struggle in the early history of 
the colonies and she is eligible to every 
society of colonial descendents in New 
England. She was educated at Gilman- 
ton Academy, the New England Con- 
servatory of Music, Boston University 
and the New York Post Graduate Medi- 
cal School. She practiced medicine in 
Boston twelve years and holds licenses 
to practice in New York and New 
Hampshire as well. She is also an or- 
dained minister and preached six years 



NEW HAMPSHIRE LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS 



443 






I — ' 



The Laconia L 

election last spring 

which was broadcasted by r 

(Standing, left to right) Mrs. Charles 

Ha v ward 



Achber Studio, Laconia 
School of Citizenship just before citv 



gue held a most interesting 

Among the features was a debate on the taxation amendment 

adio. These ladies helped to make it a success. They are: 

Minzner, Mrs. Ada F. Roberts, Mrs. L. E. 

Miss Sarah L. Merrill, Mrs. George B. Cox. (Sitting) Mrs. Emma S. 



McGloughim, Mrs. Wilbur W. YVoodridge, Mrs. Edwin P. Thompson 



in Massachusetts. She has been twice 
married, the first marriage was with a 
physician in Boston and was very short. 
After a widowhood of ten years she 
was married again in 1910 to William 
H. Parker, and with him came to Gil- 
manton two years later for a summer 
vacation from which they never re- 
turned. They bought a fine old home 
in the pine woods one mile from New 
Hampton village and there Dr. Parker 
devoted four years to her mother until 
her death. Before that time Mr. Par- 
ker became a partial invalid and return 
to the city was forbidden him. 

Thus removed from her busy active 
life Dr. Parker sought and found in- 
teresting things to do in her immediate 
environment. She was not confined to 



home duties very closely as Mr. Parker's 
sister, who had never been separated 
from her brother, was devoted to his 
interests and had remained at the head 
of his house after his marriage. So 
Dr. Parker worked in all the local ac- 
tivities, woman's club, church, schools, 
farm extension, and finally in all the ac- 
tivities incident to the world war. She 
worked for food conservation under 
Mrs. Mary I. Wood, who was the wo- 
men's war leader for the state and also 
the first League President. Later Dr. 
Parker became a member of the citizen- 
ship organization of the women of the 
state and a Director of the State League 
of Women Voters. Last year she was 
its Executive Secretary and now is 
elected to the Presidency. 



*H4 



The King farm from the road. 



MARSH KING-PRODUCER 

A Two-Man Farm ^vVilh a Wonderful Record 
By Harry C. Woodworth 



f | THE man who specializes in feeding 
cows for individual records may 
become widely known as a success- 
ful dairyman. The success of such a 
man is deserving of our attention and 
admiration as his work not only lifts 
the standards of the community, but 
provides the foundation stock for the 
ultimate betterment of the dairy indus- 
try of the state. But there is another 
type of dairyman who accomplishes much 
and yet may not be widely known. The 
man who produces large quantities of 
milk efficiently for a wholesale market 
must have marked ability, and certainly 
outstanding examples of success in this 
are deserving of our study and com- 
mendation. 

Marsh King of Lisbon is one of the 
most efficient wholesale milk producers 
of the state. He makes no attempt to 
select a few high producers and force 
these for a record ; but the whole herd 
is managed as a unit to secure as much 
milk as possible at a low cost. 

Mr. King has developed a two-man 
farm. He and a year man do all the 



work 



greater part of the year; extra 
help is hired during haying and silo 
filling. The two men milk and care for 
thirty-three cows and about twenty head 
of young stock, and in addition work 
in producing roughage, work in the 
woods and do considerable teaming. In 
previous years the receipts from teaming 
and road work, etc., have just about 
balanced the total labor bill. 

The most important factor about the 
business is the accomplishment per man. 
Last year 234,642 pounds of milk were 
sold from the farm. Can you picture 
2,726 ten-gallon cans of milk in a row 
side by side, one half a mile long? Or 
can you imagine a row of 109,040 quart 
milk bottles in a row about seven miles 
long? Including the milk used on the 
farm each man produced over 120,000 
pounds of milk. This achievement 
stands as a splendid record, especially 
when contrasted with the output of 
many small dairymen who are able to 
produce only 20,000 pounds per man. 
In these times we are beginning to as- 
sign definite values to denote ability. 



MARSH IvING— PRODUCER 



445 



li a man is able to 
build lip an organiza- 
tion that turns out 
30.000 pounds of 3.7 
per cent milk per 
man, could we not 
think, of htm as a 
30,000 pound man. 
and in contrast with 
this a man of marked 
ability as a producer 
like Mr. King - could 
be thought of as a 
120,000 pound man? 
He has the ability, 
the energy and vision 
to surround himself 
with an efficient or- 
ganization that can accomplish much. 
While good production per man is a 
very important factor toward success in 
wholesale dairying, yet this production 
must be secured by a low feed cost if 
the labor income is to be large. Valuing 
bay at $18 a ton. silage at $6 per ton and 
purchased feed at purchase price. Mr. 
King used $3800 worth of feed in pro- 
ducing milk selling for $5604.87 and 
stock selling for $1006. In oth rj r words, 






M. 



of the hav 



Mr. King hires extra help for haying an 
so that hay is put up at the r 



is taken from a permanent meadow in the 
river bottom. 

be secured $174 in sales from each $100 
worth of feed fed to cattle. For a large 
nerd, including cows and young stock, 
this is a very good record, especially 
when milk prices were so low. Fur- 
thermore, Mr. King does not have the 
advantage of large amounts of legume 
roughage, as most of the hay is taken 
from a permanent meadow in the river 
bottom. The hay is fine in quality, 
yields well, but is not rich in protein. 

The thirty-three 
Holstein cows aver- 
aged over 7,003 
pounds of milk and 
Mr. King is confident 
that he will secure 
8,000 pounds average 
in the present year. 
He compares each 
year's production 
with that of the prev- 
ious year and is eager 
to do better each 
I time. This compari- 
son of one year with 
v ,;-'; another is like a great 

game to him, and the 
| attempt to beat the 
J previous year's record 
fascinates him and 
. .: holds his interest 

throughout the twelve 
d gi pushes e _ the work ^^ ^ 0ne 



446 



THE G R A N ! T E h I ONT H L Y 



wonders if all this intense interest in his 

work ma) not be the biggest factor in 
his success,. We may, in studying the 
cold figures of the year's business, point 
out that good production per man. good 
production per cow, etc.. are the chief 
factors. But these cannot be maintained 
without the tireless energy which inter- 
est and faith alone create. 

And yet tin's intense interest in his 
cows does not overbalance him in the 
management of his farm. lie uses a 
milking machine, observes the cows with 
a critical eye while feeding, and then 
turns his energy toward other produc- 
tive work. Several years ago Mr. King 
kept records of the time used in caring 
for the cows and at the end of the year 
the labor required per cow was estimated 
at 107 hours. This shows very efficient 



use of time when compared to the aver- 
age labor requirement of 150 hours per 
cow. 

As one enters the cow barn and looks 
down the row of cows, the large size 
of the animals impresses one; and then 
later when the young stock is inspected, 
one is convinced that Mr. King believes 
in ''growing out" the young heifers. 
The herd is maintained by raising the 
heifers from the best cows. In fact the 
herd has been brought up to its present 
efficiency by a program of breeding and 
selection rather than by purchasing high 
priced cows. 

As a producer, Marsh King is doing 
a man's work. With a good farm, high 
producing cows and efficient use of labor 
he is making a splendid record of ac- 
complishment 



PROHIBITION 

A Test of Statesmanship 



WIT S he a real statesman or merely a 
I politician?'' is a question which 
people ask of themselves as 
they regard the various figures in public 
life. The answer to that question is 
not to be found amid the "tumult and 
the shouting." of a campaign, for a can- 
didate for office is always an archangel 
and an archfiend, an honest man and a 
grafter, a law-abiding citizen and a wife- 
beater, if one is to believe all that is 
said about him. Public utterances are a 
poor indication of the real man behind 
them, foi a carefully prepared speech 
usually sidesteps delicate or dangerous 
subjects by substituting thrilling pass- 
ages on Democracy, Americanism, and 
the Star Spangled Banner. A public 
servant cannot always be measured by 
his official acts for there is usually some 
underling upon whose shoulders the 
blame can be shifted. 

How then can we measure our pub- 
lic men ? A former recruiting officer 
tells of a draft dodger who attempted 
to deceive the examiners into the belief 



that he was hopelessly 



near sighted. 



After undergoing several tests and con- 
sistently proving that "none are so blind 
as those who will not see" he was in- 
formed that his sight was defective and 
that he was released. Thankfully seiz- 
ing his hat he hastened from the office 
but as he went out he instinctively moved 
his head to avoid a thread which was 
suspended in the doorway. "Come 
back," said the Doctor, "that little thread 
is there for fellows like you." 

Fortunately for our country there are 
and always have been little threads which 
measure the sincerity and manhood of 
our public figures. These threads are 
certain vital moral issues upon which 
feeling is bitter. Issues in which the 
politician can see little chance of glory 
for himself and which he will avoid if 
possible to escape the enmity involved. 
His "dodge" however usually proves his 
undoing. Slavery was such an issue. 
Henry Clay wrote a letter compromising 
himself upon it and lost the presidency. 
Our own Webster made a speech for 
the fugitive slave law to gain the friend- 
ship of the South and for years after 



PROHIBITION 



447 



was despised by both Xorih and South 
as a trimmer. Stephen A. Douglass ans- 
wered a question at Freeport in such a 

wav as to win Illinois and thereby lost 
the "Solid South." 

To-day we have another issue upon 
which feeling is exceedingly bitter and 
which is about as attractive to politicians 
as a hangman's noose. The country 
watched the Governor of New ;York 
sweat blood lor a week before he signed 
his name to a bill and declared himself 
for all time despite his desperate at- 
tempt to put h's action on a basis of 
"states rights." 

A prominent New Hampshire politi- 
cian of a few years ago who began life 
as a clergyman was a:>ked why he left 
the ministry. "Because I got tired of 
being such a damned hypocrite," lie re- 
sponded. If he were alive to-day we 
fear that he would return to the minis- 
try, for it is the politicians who seem 
to be the hypocrites. They appear to 
resolve themselves into three classes: 

First, the politicians who talk on both 
sides of the question. We have in mind 
a self-announced candidate for the next 
New Hampshire Senate who told us that 
he believed the 18th Amendment should 
be repealed, modified, or enforced. We 



venture to predict that he will make a 
good senator. 

Second, the politicians who talk on 
neither side of the question. We mean 
talk in public. Some of them are will- 
ing to speak quite heatedly in private 
conversation but are singularly loath to 
reiterate their statements where they 
may go on record. 

Third, the politicians who talk one 
way and act another. It is rather amus- 
ing at times to see who our prohibition- 
ists are. We almost sympathize with a 
veteran politician who made, the remark 
to us, "I like a drink myself. I have 
every respect for the prohibitionist who 
is sincere but I hope that every man who 
voted for prohibition for political rea- 
sons may choke to death within sight of 
a beer barrel." 

The Granite Monthly is interested 
in knowing who are the politicians in 
New Hampshire, and who are the 
statesmen. For that reason we propose 
to interview the leaders of both parties 
in this state in regard to their attitude 
on the 18th Amendment, give the results 
of our interviews to the people of New 
Hampshire in our October issue and let 
them determine the answer for them- 
selves. 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Conducted by Vivian Savacool 

The Soldiers' Memorial 

Portsmouth, New Hampshire 
Tercentenary Edition 



A book has just been published 
by Rear Admiral Joseph Foster, 
Supply Corps, U. S. Navy, who 
during the last thirty years has gath- 
ered information about the lives and 
services of the Portsmouth soldiers 
and sailors serving the United States 
since that day when one of New 
Hampshire's citizens, William Whip- 
ple, numbered among the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. 



The publication of the volume 
comes at a most appropriate time, just 
now when Portsmouth is in the midst 
of a tercentenary celebration, which 
makes all citizens of New Hampshire 
turn toward the past to view with 
pride the part their State has always 
played in the life of the Nation. This 
book will preserve for us and for com- 
ing generations a record of those 
who died to defend the free 



448 



THE GK \NITE MONTHLY 



institutions of America, will help 
to bridge the vast space of 
time between the present day and 
the Continental Congress of 76. It 
will help us to remember that the men 
of '61 were the sons of the patriots of 
76 and that the pages of New Hamp- 
shire's history made memorable by 
Lar.gdon, Whipple, Stark, Sullivan, 
and a host of heroes were again illu- 
minated in the World War by the 
brave deeds of New Hampshire men. 
In this volume a detailed table of 
contents and an "Indexed Reeord oi 
the Graves we Decorate" enables the 
reader to find quickly information 
concerning the service of the men 
whose graves in Portsmouth and four 
adjoining towns are annually deco- 
rated. Interesting information about 
men of especial prominence is given 
in the reproduction of speeches de- 
livered on historical and public oc- 
casions, as in the case of General "Wil- 
liam Whipple (1730-1785) and Ad- 
miral David Glasgow Farragut, U. S. 
Navy, America's great admiral who 
died in the Portsmouth Navy yard 
August 4, 1870. These two men 
stand for the things of which New 
Hampshire may be justly proud, her 
part in the defense of the flag on land 
and sea, and her voluntary response 
to her country's call to send her citi- 
zens out io fight and die for the tra- 
ditions and ideals of America. 



The Missing Man 

Bv Mary R. P. Hatch 

Four Seas Co. 

CenPHE .Missing Man" as may be 
-*- surmised from the title is a de- 
tective story and one of more than 
usual interest. Even the most experi- 
enced lover of mystery stories will 
find here new material to stimulate 
his imagination in the ingenious, in- 
tricate plot which Mrs. Hatch carries 
through smoothly from start to finish 
with many surprising pitfalls for the 



reader, an interesting climax, and with 
well- sustained suspense. 

The story is based on the mys- 
terious trips, lasting for two weeks.. 
taken by Vane Hamilton every May 
to a place and for a purpose unknown 
even to his wife, Constance Hamilton. 
From one of these journeys he does 
not return and all clues lead to the 
belief that he has been murdered or 
that he is a scoundrel, a forger and 
bank robber, as well as a deserter of 
his wife and children in the company 
of Lenora, the beautiful woman with 
whom he was last seen. 

A Vane Hamilton finally returns. 
Is he the respected bank president of 
the first half of the story? Is the mys- 
terious Premier Edes the real Vane 
Hamilton or is he Henry Ashley, a 
scoundrel sought for by the police? 
A confusion of four identities arises 
based on memory lapses, mind read- 
ing, and hypnotism, thereby intro- 
ducing the reader to a new atmos- 
phere in the usual mysterious adven- 
tures of detective fiction. The psychic 
element in the book is thrilling and 
fascinating, although- at times it is 
difficult to know whether the psycho- 
logical incidents are based on the re- 
sult of scientific investigation or are 
..suppositions on the part of the author. 
Except for uncertainty on some of 
•these points, the story, although 
crowded, is well told, and a fine piece 
of characterization created in the case 
of Constance, torn between the man 
who looks like her husband and the 
one who seemed like him, but who 
did not look like him. 

And now, impossible as all this may 
seem, it is really true. Mrs. Hatch is 
a New Hampshire woman and she as- 
sures us that the Grovedalc, New 
Hampshire, of the story is Littleton, 
New Hampshire, and that the plot ot 
the story is drawn from the case of a 
resident of Littleton, who due to over- 
work, suffered from a lapse of mem- 
ory and disappeared from his commu- 
nity*. 



? : ' 



W E 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About (jroifig Back to School 

that's over 



VV coming; nine months 



ELL. that's over! For the 

we need 

not have our food salted with 

wood a.shes and sweetened with bits 

of green twigs and wandering- insects. 

We can sleep in comfortable beds and 

wash in the hot water that emanates 

from shining lancets. Mosquitoes, 

like have 
t 



ants, and then 



black flie 

had their last succulent meal ot our 
flesh for another year. No more will 
the Blue Book lead us. all unsuspecting, 
into quagmires of detours or face- 
tiously land us, by meticulous direc- 
tions, in the backyard of an irate 
householder. No more will we sit in 
the tortured boredom of hotel . veran- 
das. We have done our duty. We 
have taken our vacation. And now 
we can settle down in the accustomed 
harness, between familial shafts, and 
jog along our well worn ruts for 
another year. Labor Day is well 
placed. Never does a desk well piled 
with work look so appealing, never 
are the glorious advantages of one's 
own kitchen versus the makeshifts of 
camp so apparent, as when one comes 
upon them after a strenuous bout of 
vacationing. 



The sound of industrial wheels be- 
ginning to turn more swiftly after the 
summer lull is a welcome one, but it 
is not so far reaching as another Sep- 
tember sound, the ringing of school 
hells. Kindergarten and university, the 
little white schoolhouse on the back- 
country road and the well-equipped 
brick plant of the large city, schools 
which specialize in professional train- 
ing and schools which adhere sternly 
to the three R's — before the month 
is over they will all be full of young 
life and activity. 

For New Hampshire the opening 
of school has special importance this 
year. For the first time in our his- 



tory we have a state University. As 
we understand it, the difference be- 
University and a College is 



t\\ ecu 

not size but diversity. A college 
turns out graduates fitted for one 
thing — just what has not yet been de- 
termined". But a ' University offers 
its students a choice of careers. Will 
you be a dirt farmer or a corporation 
lawyer? Will you specialize in med- 
icine or mechanics? The larger the 
University the greater the range of 
choice. And this fact gave us an idea 
which amounts almost to inspiration. 



Last winter four hundred odd 
statesmen found employment in our 
legislature. This winter they are out 
of a job. There is no legislature, the 
new campaign is in a very embryonic 
state. What can they do? Why not 
let the state University profit by their 
vacation? Why not institute at Dur- 
ham a course in that most widely 
popular of all New Hampshire's pro- 
fessions — Politics ? 



We have broached the idea to sev- 
eral friends with disappointing re- 
sults. One remarked that the only 
subject most politicians knew was 
Slychology ; another suggested that a 
certain state Commissioner might 
qualify as Professor of Raiding and 
Writhing. But we have more se- 
rious thoughts in mind. In imagina- 
tion we can see a Durham classroom 
with a group of eager young people 
entranced, listening to a gubernatorial 
candidate of Grafton County dis- 
coursing on "What the Well-Dressed 
Politician Will Wear." W r hat a privi- 
lege to learn the fine art of publicity 
from a man who has been "spoken 
of" as a possible president of the 
United States! A course in real po- 
litical economy, 
on "How to Live on 



lectures 
Fortv-eight 



450 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Hours a Week'' could be conducted 
by a number of our prominent Re- 
puMocrats. And any one of our tax 
reformers could make a regulation 
professor of higher mathematics open 
his eves in amazement. — H. F. M. 



Notes 

Two letters regarding our August 
magazine have come to us; which 
we want to share with all our 
readers. One is from Mr. Elwin 
L. Page of Concord and "questions the 
accuracy of a statement in regard to 
Dover. Some of the loyal residents 
of that place ought to be able to 
answer the charge. 

''May I be permitted one criticism of a 
minor thing? The caption to one of the il- 
lustrations in the last number speaks of the 
settlement of Dover in 1623. 1 doubt if 
you can find a historian of any standing who 
"will tell you that Dover was settled in that 
year. Of course, the Dover residents are 
anxious to have it appear that it was so, but 
that doesn't make it so." 



The other letter is from Mr. H. D. 

Howie, Secretary to James M. Stor- 

row, chairman of the joint committee 

which has been investigating the New 

England railroad situation. It reads 

as follows : 

"I have just read the article on the New 
England Railroad Situation in your August 
issue. I think it would have a very helpful 
effect if this, article could receive wide dis- 
tribution throughout New England. I am 
writing to ask if I may purchase 1000 copies 
of the August issue for that purpose." 



We are very glad to announce, 
what many of our readers may al- 
ready have guessed, that the donor of 
the prizes in the high school contest, 
awards for which were made in the 
last issue, is Mr. Erwin F. Keene of 
Concord, N. H. 



Our cover picture is of the Grand 
Army men at the Weirs. At the 
head of the procession are Major R. 
H. Trickey and General Charles W. 
Stevens. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



Three opinions on the Republican 
party which appeared in our July issue 
awakened so much interest that we are 
presenting in this magazine three corres- 
ponding articles on the Future Policies 
of the Democratic Party. The writers 
need no introduction. They are Hon. 
Raymond B. Stevens, one of the men 
most talked about as a possible Demo- 
cratic candidate for Governor ; Presi- 
dent Eaton D. Sargent of the New 
Hampshire Manufacturers' Association ; 
and Hon. George E. Farrand, State 
Treasurer and former Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee. 

Mr. H. R. Goodwin is a hiking en- 
thusiast of -Milan, N. IT. 

Professor H. C. Wood worth, who 
writes of the Marsh King farm, is the 
extension specialist in farm management 
of New Hampshire University. 



Mr. H. B. Nabstedt is the superin- 
tendent in charge of the construction of 
the Bristol dam. He has been with the 
Ambursen Construction Company for 
seventeen years and in that time has 
constructed fourteen dams of various 
sizes. He is a product of Phillips Exe- 
ter Academy, but is a native of Iowa. 

Miss Grace Blanchard is librarian 
of the Concord Public Library. 

As district chief of the New Hamp- 
shire Forestry Department, Mr. E. E. 
Woodbury knows at first hand the des- 
truction which fire brings to our forests. 

Mr. Samuel Copf- Worthen is Gene- 
ologist of the New jersey Societv. S. 
A. R. 

Professor Potter's third article on 
New Hampshire orchards shows what 
can be done with New Hampshire farms. 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



A Page of Clippings 



President ffardi 



as 



Of Warren Gamaliel Harding as Presi- 
dent no estimate could now be just. It will 
be viewed in the perspective of time, and 
in our belief will be accorded high place. 
Largely successful in private business, he 
had well served the state of his birth, and 
he was an outstanding member of the na- 
tional Seriate, . when swept, into the Presi- 
dency by a surging wave unprecedented in 
its volume. This was to him, for the time 
being at least, unfortunate. A Congress, 
nominally supporting, was, in its lower 
house especially, unwieldly, too large for 
effective control. Nor were many of its 
members, elected as Republicans, actually 
such. Blocs multiplied, and sectional de- 
mands were clamant. This severely taxed 
the President, as did the wearing grind of 
routine duties arid the vexing problems 
which came as an aftermath of the World 
War. 

These handicaps, demands and problems 
President Harding met with a calmness, de- 
cision and courage not yet duly appreciated. 
Re had done much quietly and well. The 
conference of his calling for the limitation 
of armament and for other matters aimed 
at international peace will more and more 
be held as a supreme achievement, and there 
is much else in his too short administration 
to which time will pay due and deserved 
credit. He has won a high place among 
Presidents. 

— Exeter Nezvs Letter 



The death of President Harding re- 
minds us that these strenuous trips have 
never resulted in any good and often se- 
riously as in President Wilson's case. 
The President's job is a strenuous one 
without trying to shake hands with every- 
one from Florida to Alaska. From a 
political standpoint they have usually been 
a failure. 

— Hillsborough Messenger 

The cares of the Presidency these days 
are almost too great for the physical 
strength of any man. Some way of 
diminishing the less important ones 
should be devised if our chief magistrates 
are to render that sane and wise service 
which come with mental and physical 
health. 

President's Harding's death is mourned 
not only in the loss of a chief executive, 
but also a true friend of the people, a 
strong, brave kindly soul representing the 
highest type of Americanism. 

— Somcrs~worth Free Press 



There are certain peaceful and friendly 
commonplaces about him which cannot be 
else than valuable to the people, command- 
ed so abruptly to contemplate him. Most 
people are average folk; thev will under- 



stand Mr. Harding, and how he lived and 
what he thought, and why. Commonplace- 
ness_ can attain a greatness all its own and 
it is a greatness attainable by the 
most people. To the extent that Mr. 
Harding symbolized the great, friendly, 
simple, earnest American people, he is great 
enough. For his policies and his achieve- 
ments, time alone can testify. 

— Laconic.. Democrat 



His was a great heart from which 
radiated kindness which is the great- 
est asset to mankind. Kindness must 
rule the nation; it must rule the world. 
President Harding set an example which 
none will forget. 

— Peterborough Transcript 

President Harding never made an 

enemy. There were those who did not 

always agree with him politically but 

they never doubted his sincerity or his 

honesty, his noble . purpose and his de- 
sire to (.vyq his best to his country. 

—Milford Cabinet 

President Coolidge 

The extent to which the mourning of the 
nation for President Harding is mingled 
with faith and confidence in President 
Coolidge is remarkable and reassuring. 

— Concord Monitor 



7 nere is a wholly unusual and ex- 
ceptional equality of eagerness evinced 
by the American public to know more about 
the personality of the new President, Calvin 
Coolidge. 

Perhaps it may be because at a time 
of unexampled vociferousness in a 
day wben noisy demagogery is much 
in evidence, when the latest 'victor on 
the hustings was chiefly famous for 
his lung power, when statesmen main- 
tain their own publicity departments, 
and when everybody quite generally 
is seeking a pre-eminence chiefly vocal, 
there appears a "man of silence."' In a 
world of speech "Silent Cal" is unique. He 
intrigues the popular imagination because 
he is SO different. 

— Manchester Union 



As Calvin Coolidge grasps the helm 
of the ship of state he is received with 
general favor by the people of the 
country Financial leaders are antici- 
pating no crisis in the change of lead- 
ership. In fact, the G. O. P. of New 
Hampshire are warming up to Cool- 
idge for nomination in 1924. His stand 
in the police fight and the circum- 
stances under which he took the Presi- 
dential oath are admired by the party 
leaders. Whether or not of the same 
political persuasion, it must be true 



452 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



that all minds of the country and of the 

world sympathize with him as lie plunges 
into the rush and pomp and stupendous 
responsibilities of the presidency. 

— Brisi o I E nte rp r ise 



ft is indeed fortunate that, on the 
death of- President Harding, there was 
so safe and. level-headed a man as 
Vice President Calvin Coolidge to succeed 
to the high office. The new President is 
sound in his economic views, he has had 
wide experience in public life and has 
been in close touch with all the important 
problems before the administration. He 
has made no false steps and his speeches 
have been models of clear and patriotic ex- 
pressions of true American thought. The 
question as to who will be nominated by 
the Republican party as their candidate tor 
President in 1924 is now settled. That 
man will be Calvin Coolidge, the man of 
destiny. 

—Somersnortli Free Press 



President Coolidge has a wonderful 
opportunity to accomplish something 
for the people of New England along- 
industrial relations in the cioal industry. 
Somehow we have a feeling that he will 
get results that no one before has at- 
tempted. Coolidge is from New Eng- 
land. He knows the strenuous winters 
we usually have. He knows how help- 
less we are without coal and we feel 
he will interest himself more than any 
of his predecessors in getting coal in- 
to New England. The coal miners al- 
so know Coolidge and know he is not 
to be trifled with and perhaps the op- 
erators ma)- sense something doing not 
before attempted. We do not believe 
Coolidge will be made to believe that 
the coal shortage in New England is 
"psychological" and not real. 

—Mil ford Cabinet 

The Johnsons-Magnus and 
Hiram 

"I suggest to my conservative brethren 
that recent events indicate they must choose 
whether progressive things shall be done 
in a conservative way or in a radical way. 
You may have to take progress? vism or 
radicalism will take you." — Hiram Johnson 

After two years deflated prices for his 
product and inflated prices for anything he 
must buy the farmer, specifically the Min- 
nesota wheat farmer, expressed his annoy- 
ance by electing Magnus Johnson to the 
United States Senate'. It was not a vic- 
tory for radicalism; it was a protest against 
keen distress. However, if laws could have 
allayed that distress, they would have been 
passed by the Republican Congress of last 
year. That Congress was entirely aware 
of the political consequences to themselves 
of failure to pass such laws. They did 
their best. They put through a mass of 



legislation aiming to promote the farmers' 
special interests. But when the supply of 
wheat exceeds the demand its price goes 
.down regardless of laws and distress and 
Magnus Johnson. 

Nothing can keep up prices of commodi- 
ties save co-operative control of supply and 
that is something for the farmers them- 
selves to attend to when they resolve to 
get together, organize great grain holding- 
companies, and ostracize any black legs 
who undercut the prices. — Current Opinion 

If one is anxious to find a reason 
for the recent horizontal decline in the 
stock market, perhaps the election of 
Magnus Johnson, an ignorant Swede out 
in Minnesota, to the United States Senate, 
by an overwhelming majority, may afford 
a clue. Of course, the market has been 
declining for weeks and the election only 
took place last Tuesday, but the result is 
a symptom of a condition which causes 
thoughtful men to pause and ponder. Radi- 
calism is rampant. 

' — Rochester Courier 



A railroad man from the Middle West 
who is visiting his brother, a professional 
man in New Hampshire, they being, like 
Senator-elect Magnus Johnson of Minne- 
sota, of Scandinavian descent, gives us a 
view of the new Senator and the reasons 
for his election which is thought-provoking. 

"Magnus Johnson is not so much of a 
freak as you would think from reading 
about him," he says, "but neither is he a 
great man. However, he serves exactly 
the purpose of the people who elected him. 
The farmers of the Middle West are in 
danger and they are trying to signal their 
danger to the rest of the nation. Now a 
danger signal should show red and make 
a loud noise and Senator Johnson will do 
both of these to perfection. But do not 
think it is a false alarm he is giving. There 
is real trouble in the West and if neither of 
the great political parties offers a likely 
remedy for it, a third party is inevitable 
and would carry many states in our sec- 
tion of the country." 

— Concord Monitor 



''Hiram. Jack, Magnus and Pussy- 
foot are certainly a great quartet," remarks 
the Boston Globe. They can make noise 
enough, beyond a question. Their double 
forte passages ought to raise the roof. But 
we fear their voices may not blend perfect- 
ly and that some of them might fail to 
keep on the key. 

— Rochester Courier 



In reply to Senator-elect Magnus John- 
son's general invitation to have a little 
revolution with him, Editor Al Weeks of 
the Laconia News and Critic replies: '"We 
are getting along quite well here and could 
not possibly stop to aid in a revolution. 
Come to Belknap County where we are all 
cheerfully busy." — Concord Monitor 



f53 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



GEN. JOAB X. PATTERSON 

Gen. Toab Nelson Patterson, last survivor 
of New Hampshire's general officers in the 
Civil War and the only man from the 
state to be commissioned for active ser- 
vice in both that war and the war with 
Spain died in Concord on January 18th at 
the age of 88 years. 

Of his interesting and varied career the 
Manchester Union comments as follows: 
To read the bare outline of Gen. Joab N. 
Patterson's- life is to get the impression that 
here is material enough out of which to 
construct two or three lives. There is one 
'.'.hole life's work in his military record, 
that of a veteran of two wars and com- 
mander in the militia for man)' years. For 
in this relation General Patterson did not 
simply "belong to something." He opened 
a recruiting office at the outbreak of the 
Civil War, raised a company, won a com- 
mission, went into the fighting. was 
wounded at Gettysburg, rose to a brevet- 
brigadier generalship. Then for many 
years after the war he was in the militia 
service, attaining the highest rank and 
holding it for years. And then he served 
in the war with Spain. Or one may take 
his public service as an official, as a rep- 
resentative in the legislature, United States 
marshal, . second .auditor - of - the United 
States Treasury, superintendent of public 



buildings in Havana. All this means a 
full life, a life having many contacts, a life 



compact ot interest! 



and immensely 



varied experience. 

lncidently, this soldier and public officer 
was an out-standing figure in the Dart- 
mouth sesqui-centennial in 1919. He was 
the marshal of the academic procession at 
the hundredth anniversary celebration, and 
fifty years later was hunored by being made 
the honorary marshal. 

Best of all, this crowded life of many 
activities and great service was crowned 
with friendships without number. 

During his funeral flags on the city 
building and the Capitol were at half mast. 

The honorary bearers were Gen. Elbert 
Wheeler, Nashua, representing the Old Na- 
tional Guard; Maj. Win. H. Trickey, Tilton, 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion; 
Gen. Frank Battles, Concord, Grand Army 
of the Republic; Gen. Charles W. Howard, 
Nashua, National Guard; _ Henry W. 
Stevens,, Concord, secretaries of Dart- 
mouth college; Capt. John B. Abbott and 
John A. George, Coneord. old Concord 
friends and families; Gen. John H. Brown, 
and Thomas Norris. Concord, Wonolancet 
club; Commander H. H. Amsden, C'on- 
cord, American Legion; Harry M. Cheney, 
Concord, Masonic orders; Wesley Adams, 
Londonderry, State Senate/ Dr. Sibley G. 
Morrill, Concord. 



454 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



HARRY E. MORRISON 
Harry E. Morrison, one of three Graf- 
ton County Commissioners, died August 
4th at the Woodsville Cottage Hospital. 
Until ill health forced him to give up his 
farm and take up his residence in Haver- 
hill Corner, Mr. Morrison was well known 
throughout the vicinity for his fine herds 
of pedigreed stock. He was prominent 
also in political affairs, and served as se- 
lectman in his town and as representative 
in the Legislature. 

He leaves, a wife, Frances (Buzzeli) 
Morrison; one son. Samuel R., and one 
daughter.. Mary Catherine Morrison. 



ASBURY F. TANDY 
After an illness extending over several 
years, Asbury. Fitch Tandy died at his resi- 
dence in Litchfield, August 11th. Mr. 
T andy was a native of Lempster and was 
the son of James A. and Lucv Fitch Tandy 
of Dublin. He was born April 27, 1850. 

In 1880, Mr. Tandy was appointed su- 
pervisor of the New Hampshire State hos- 
pital, which he held for 23 years. 

He is survived by the widow, Mrs. Anna 
Tandy, one brother, William E. of Green- 
land, and several nephews and nieces. 



PROF. FRANCIS J. CLAYTON 
Professor Francis ireadway Clayton, 
assistant superintendent of schools of -Con- 
cord, died at the Margaret Pillsbury hos- 
pital, July 29th, after a long illness. 

He was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., July 
3, 1875, and received his early education in 
the schools of that city, later going to New- 
York University for three years of graduate 
study and one year at Harvard in special 
study toward a doctorate in English phi- 
losophy. One year was also passed in 
Europe in educational study. He came to 
Proctor Academy in 1911 and served there 
seven years as head master, coming to 
Concord, September 1, 1919. 



JOHN J. CONNOR 

. After an illness lasting nearly a year, 
County- Commissioner John J. Connor 
died July 23rd at his home in Manchester. 

. Mr. Connor had long been active in poli- 
tics in Manchester. For eight years he had 
been alderman from Ward 10, and from 
1918 to 1922 was inspector of plumbing. 
He wss elected count}' commissioner last 
November. He was a native of Ireland, 
but had lived in Manchester 41 years. 
During the Spanish-American war, he 
served in the Sheridan guards. 



DANIEL GILMAN 
Mr. Daniel Gilman, one of Exeter's 
most prominent citizens, died on July 21st 



at the a; 



>f 72 



A member of an old and notable family, 
Mr. Gilman received his education in pri- 
vate schools, at Phillips-Exeter Academy 
and at Brown. Coming to Exeter in 1883, 
he organized the Rubber Step Manufac- 
turing Company, of which he was presi- 
dent for many years. He served his town 
one year as selectman and in 1912-16 he 
was postmaster of Exeter. 

He is survived by his wife and one son, 
Daniel E. Gilman. 



FRANK EDGAR THOMPSON 
Frank Edgar Thompson, for fifty years 
sub-master and head master of the R.ogers 
High School, who in June was elected by 
the school, died July 31st at his home. 

Mr. Thompson was born in Somers- 
worth, N. H., March 31, 1849, and was 
graduated at Dartmouth in 1871. Fie 
taught for a little while at Phillips Andover 
Academy and then, in 1873 accepted an in- 
vitation to become sub-master at Rogers. 
In 1890, he was made head master. For 23 
years he was a member of the State Board 
of Education and in 1919 he was given 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Educa- 
tion by Rhode Island State College. 

Besides his widow, Mr. Thompson is sur- 
vived by a daughter, Miss Helen M. 
Thompson, of the High school, and a son, 
Colonel Edgar Thompson, U. S. A. 



REV. LUCIUS WATERMAN 
Rev. Lucius Waterman, D. D. of Tilton, 
retired clergyman of the Episcopal church- 
author and churchman recognized at home 
and abroad as one of the most profound 
scholars in his denomination, died July 
26th in Washington. D. C. 

Dr. Waterman, who had served as chair- 
man of the Diocesan committee of New 
Hampshire, had represented the diocese in 
many important gatherings, and had been a 
member of the Triennial Convention, was 
born in Providence, R. I., March 29, 185L 
He was graduated from Trinity College in 
1871 and three years later received the M. 
A. degree. In 1892 he was given the de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



455 



Among his notable literary work? was 
"Post : Apostlic Period,'* published by 
Scribner and "Primitive Traditions of the 
Eucharistic Body and Bipod," from the 
Bishop Paddock lectures before the General 
Theological Seminary in New York in 
1918-19. He also wrote many pamphlets. 

Dr. Waterman was for five years rector 
of Trinity church in Tilton and had served 
as rector of St. Thomas church in Hano- 
ver, St. Luke's in Charlestown and Trinity 
in Claremont. He established St. James 
in Laconia and presented the church edi- 
fice and lot upon which it stands to the 
parish. His first pastorale was in Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

He is survived by his widow and one son. 

MRS. ALBERT O, BROWN 
'Mrs. Susie J. (Clark) Brown, wife of Ex- 
Governor Albert O. Brown, died at the 
family home in Manchester, August 13th. 
A highly cultured woman, albeit of quiet 
tastes, Mrs. Brown belonged to many clubs 
and organizations of a literary and scien- 
tific nature. She was a graduate of Welles- 
ley College and was affiliated with the col- 
lege Women's club of Manchester. She 
was a member of the Manchester Institute 
of Arts and Sciences, the Current Events 
Club, the Natural Science club, the Bird 
club and the Manchester Federation of 
Women's clubs. 

COL. ELBRIDGE J. COPP 
Col. Elbridge J. Copp, until recently reg- 
ister of probate for Hillsborough county 
for 45 years, died August 3d after a brief 
illness. 

Colonel Copp was a veteran of the Civil 
War and prominent in G. A. R. He was 
born in Warren, July 22, 1844. 

The honorary bearers at his funeral in- 
cluded the following prominent men: Con- 
gressman Edward H. Wason and Henry 



A. Cutter, 
Adjt.-Gen. 
Hampshire 
A. Burque, 
A. Wagner 



Hillsborough Bar Association; 
Charles W. Howard, New 
national guard; Mayor Henri 
city of Nashua; Judge George 
county of Hillsborough; Maj. 
R. H. Trickev, Loyal Legion; Gen. Charles 
W. Stevens, G. A* R., Joseph L. Clough, 
Pilgrim Church; Maj. Charles A. Roby, 
Nashua city guards; Paul T. Norton. 

Besides his wife, Mrs. Lotta Plummer 
Copp, he is survived by two daughters, 
Mrs. Charlotte L. Pea' son of Maiden, 
Mass., and Mrs. Edith A. Baldwin of Man- 
chester, and several grandchildren. 



HON. HERBERT DANIEL RYDER 

One of the most important contributions 
in recent years, by the State of New Hamp- 
shire, to the public, professional and busi- 
ness life of her sister State of Vermont, 
was that in the person of Herbert Daniel 
Ryder, born in Acworth, November 12. 
1850, who died at the Massachusetts Gen- 
eral Hospital, July 18, 1923, following an 
operation. 



f 




: 

: 

j 

-J 



Mr. Ryder was the son of Daniel A. and 
Elizabeth A. (Brigham) Ryder, and was 
educated in the public schools, Colby 
Academy, Oberlin College, O., and Dart- 
mouth College, graduating from the latter 
in 1876. He was for three years principal 
of the Springfield, Yt., high school, dur- 
ing and following which time he studied 
law; was admitted to the b2r in 1880; prac- 
ticed a year in Springfield, and then re- 
moved to Beiiows Falls, where he con- 
tinued through life, serving for a time as 
principal of the high school, and later en- 
gaging in the practice of his profession; 
but also being for many years actively 
connected with the Derby and Ball Manu- 
facturing Company. He was associated in 
law practice with W. A. Graham, under 
the firm name of Ryder & Graham, for the 
last fifteen or twenty years. 

He was a Republican in politics and held 
many offices, local, county and State. He 
had been chairman of the Bellows Falls 
board of bailiffs, president of the village 
corporation; superintendent of schools in 
Bellows Falls; chairman of the Rocking- 
ham Yt., town school board; examiner of 
schools for Windham County for twenty 
years; member of the Vermont State 
Board of Education of which he was sec- 
retary and treasurer in 1913-14; deputy 
collector of Internal Revenue 1897-1904; 
State's attorney for Windham County, 
1904-06; member Vermont House of Rep- 
resentatives and Chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee 1913, and presidential elector in 1908. 

He was a Congregationalist in religion, 
a Mason and an Odd Fellow. 

He married, November 30, 1881, Mar- 
garet E. Ball of Springfield,. Vt., who died 
May 11, 1923. One son, Daniel F., Dart- 
mouth 1923, and five daughters survive. 

— H. H. M. 



" '7 



THE F. R. WOODWARD NEEDLE WORKS 

Having bought the property of the Geo. H. Adams Co., which I moved 
to this town fifty-one- years ago, I propose to again manufacture the same 
high grade LATCH NEEDLES as I previously made. 



THE NSW ENGLAND NOVELTY '{( 5 

F. R. Woodward, Manager. 
H. A. Woodward, Superintendent. 
For Rfty-one years makers of the celebrated WOODWARD AND 
RED DEVIL GLASS CUTTERS. 

The World's Standard for Steel Wheel Glass Cutters. 



i£i ni At Liuni ci i \j , , :&%. w. 

F. R. Woodward, Proprietor. 
H. A. Woodward, Superintendent. 
We invite any who are looking for a place to locate a manufacturing 
plant to investigate our proposition for cheap power. 



F. R. WOODWARD, HILL, N. H. 






No. 10 



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Edna Dean Proctor 

(Taken on her 94th birthday; 



GRAM T I 

MONTHLY 



& 



Vol. 55 




No. 10 



OCTOBER 1923 



A SMALL TRIBUTE TO ONE OF 
NEW HAMPSHIRE'S OWN 



jtRAMINGHAM, Mass., was the 
scene of a pleasant but none the less 
impressive incident on the 18th of Sep- 
tember, when a large number of neigh- 
bors and friends gathered to celebrate 
the 94th birthday of Edna Dean Proctor. 
It is indeed with good reason that Miss 
Proctor is so often called the "un- 
crowned poet laureate of New Hamp- 
shire" for throughout the changes of her 
long life she has seemed never to forget 
that her birthplace is Henniker and that 
New Hampshire was her first love. 

It is quite apparent that the warm 
beauty of Atlantic City, which has been 
her winter home for many years has 
never shaken her allegience, for it was 
in the "sunny South" that she penned 
her "Mountain Maid," concluding: — 

And out by the broad Pacific 

Their gay young sisters say, 
"'Ours are the mines of the Indies, 

And the treasures of far Cathay:" 
And the dames of the South walk proudly 

Where the fig and the orange tall, 
And hid in the high magnolias 

The mocking thrashes call; 
But the Mountain Maid, New Hampshire, 

Is the rarest of them all! 

It is equally evident that the vast 
power of the young and growing west 
failed to lure her away from New Eng- 
land's institutions. One of the very 
best of her poems written under the title, 
"Thanksgiving Night Memories of New 
Hampshire in Illinois," commences: — i 



Across the prairie moans the wind, 

And morn will come with whirling snow, 
Now bolt the door, and bar the the blind; 

The guests are gone, the fire is low. 
We'll heap the grate, and in its blaze 

This Illinois Thanksgiving night, 
Call back the loved of other days, 

And the old home of our delight. 

Ah, Mary! here are thousand things 

I never thought to see or own: — 
Great corn-fields where the sunlight flings 

Its gold, nor finds one marring stone; 
And breadths of waving wheat; and herds 

Unnumbered on the prairies wide; 
And brighter flowers, and rarer birds, 

That flame and sing on every side. 

But oli. to-night I'm in the hills! 

I hear the wind sweep through the pines! 
And see the lakes, the laughing rills, 

The far horizon's mountain lines! 
Monaclnock's stream, the river flows 

By bordering elms and meadows down, 
Dark where the bridge its shadow throws, 

And the tall church-spire marks the town; 

The lament in the following stanza 
carries particular significance to those 
who are today devoting their energies 
to remedy the situation presented by it : — 



Alas! that blazing hearth is cold! 

The hill stands desolate and bare! 
No stir at morn; no flocks in fold; 

No children's laugh to charm the air! 
Nor orchards blush, nor lilacs blow; 

And fields once rich with corn and clover 
Are pastures lone the foxes know, 

And the shy plover whistles over. 

Her tributes to her native state shin- 
ing through the lines of many poems 
seem to weld themselves into one grand 



460 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



re Irani in 
"The Hills 



the surging eloquence of 
are Home" : — 

Kearsarge 



Forget New Hampshire! Let 

forget to greet the sun; 
Connecticut forsake the sea; the Shoals 

their breakers shun: 
Hut fervently, while life shall last, though 

wide our ways decline. 
Back io the Mountain-Land our hearts will 

turn as to a shrine! 
Forget New Hampshire! By her cliffs, 

her meads, her brooks afoam, 
By all hallowed memories, — our lode-sfar- 

while we roam — 
Whatever skies above us rise, the HiUs^ 

the Hills are Home! 

Those men and women of note who 
have gone out from the Granite State 



are legion but few of them have been 
more faithful to their homeland. Sure- 
ly she loves New Hampshire with an 
abiding affection which burns as brightly 
as does the light in her eyes at 94. 
May she have more birthdays filled with 
the peace and content expressed in her 
own way : — 

Dreamer, waiting for darkness with sorrow- 
ful, drooping eyes, 
Summers and suns go gladly, and where- 
fore dost thou repine? 
Ciimb the hills of morning and welcome 
the rosy skies. 
The joy of the boundless future — nay. 
God himself is thine. 



THE M ONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



npHE return of the "R" months, with 
-*- September, brought back oysters, 
as usual, to New Hampshire, but did not 
bring in any satisfying amount the long- 
desired and very much needed rain. In 
fact, the appropriate letter of the alpha- 
bet for this ninth month of 1923 was 
one which is not found in its name, 
namely, F. 

September in New Hampshire was 
characterized by Fires, Fairs, Frosts, 
Forestry, Football and Fights (political, 
not pugilistic, as in New York). 

The continued dryness of the season 
brought many additions to the greatest 
fire loss which any one year in New 
Hampshire has piled up, but fortunate- 
ly none of the blazes approached in ex- 
tent those which have been mentioned 
in earlier issues of this magazine. 

In this connection it is gratifying to 
know that plans have been completed 
and accepted for rebuilding the Profile 
House in Franconia Notch at a cost of 
a million dollars; and that the village 
of Canaan is fast taking on new and 
better life as the result of the dauntless 
spirit of its own people and the sub- 
stantial interest and aid of its friends. 

The early arrival of Jack Frost sharp- 
ened the interest of New Hampshire 
people in the coal situation and made 
them rejoice at the happy settlement by 
Governor Pinchot of Pennsylvania of 



the threatened strike which was one of 
the acute angles of the problem. The 
"office of the state fuel administrator has 
been busy collecting data bearing upon 
fuel conditions as applied to New IT amp- 
shire, but at the time of writing has 
not deemed it necessary to issue any 
orders as to coal prices or rationing. 

The possible u^q of wood as a sub- 
stitute for coal in heating New Hamp- 
shire houses was one of many interest- 
ing topics taken up at the annual con- 
ference under the auspices of the So- 
ciety for the Protection of New Hamp- 
shire Forests, held this year at Ply- 
mouth, with what many considered the 
best program in its history. One of i\iC. 
large number present was especially im- 
pressed with the change in the attend- 
ance since the early meetings of the so- 
ciety. Then those who showed their 
interest in the subject of forestry in New 
Hampshire were largely "summer 
people," who sought primarily to check 
the reckless tree cutting which was des- 
troying the scenic beauty of the Granite 
State as well as threatening the sources 
of its water power. Now these people 
are still active and valued workers m 
the cause, but in the gatherings of the 
society they are outnumbered by owners 
of large forest tracts, farmers with wood 
lots, lumber operators and mill men, 
people whose interest in scientific 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



461 



forestry is practical and financial. 

September saw the departure of most 
of New Hampshire's "summer folks," 
above referred to, although a few of the 
large hotels in the mountains and high- 
lands remain open into October and 
many owners of summer homes con- 
tinue to occupy them until snow flies, 
appreciating fully the facts that autumn 
davs in New Hampshire are ill many 
respects the most beautiful of the year. 

Vacationists, going from New Hamp- 
shire, met on the way school and college 
boys returning to Dartmouth, St. Paul's 
and Phillips Exeter, all of which insti- 
tutions have been forced, as usual, to 
turn away intending students because 
of lack of accommodations. This is also 
true of New Hampshire University, and 
because, here, it is New Hampshire boys 
and girls who are fox the most- pari the 
sufferers, the story of overcrowding and 
work done under unfavorable conditions 
makes the greater impression. In many 
of the cities of the state the pub- 
lic schools, also, are laboring under 
the same handicap of insufficient hous- 
ing. The light breaks through these 
clouds, however, on such occasions as 
the dedications of the new high school 
buildings at Laconia and Conway, the 
latter structure a memorial to A. Cros- 
by Kennett from his widow and sons. 
Both buildings are splendidly adapted 
to the purposes of modern education. 

Of educational as well as social inter- 
est were the annual meetings of the 
State Federation of Woman's Clubs at 
Durham and the state association of 
librarians at Hampton Beach, during the 
month. A notable event, simply but 
suitably commemorated, was the centen- 
nial anniversary of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society. 

Most of the New Hampshire agricul- 
tural fairs were held during September, 
with entire success. At that glorified 
fair, the Eastern States Exposition, in 
Springfield, Mass., New Hampshire, 
this year, after a period of absence, once 
more was worthily represented. 

New Hampshire raised with gratify- 



ing ease its quota of Red Cross relief 
for Japan. 

Governor Fred H. Brown presented 
the views of New Hampshire as to the 
future of the New England railroads to 
the interstate commerce commission. 

During the month two financial state- 
ments of pleasing import were made 
from the capital. According to State 
Treasurer George E. Farrand the net 
debt of the commonwealth at the end of 
the fiscal year, June 30, 1923, was $181,- 
966.85, having been lowered by $763,- 
705.97 during the year, one half of 
which was during the administration of 
Governor Albeit O. Brown, Republican, 
and the other half during that of Gov- 
ernor Fred H. Brown, Democrat. Other 
good evidence of thrift was the an- 
nouncement by Chairman James O. Ly- 
ford of the state bank commission that 
during the same period the deposits in 
the 66 savings institutions under its sup- 
ervision increased $12,719,462.01, now 
amounting to $162,293,906.02. 

After nine months of harmony, the 
Democratic Governor and the Repub- 
lican majority of his Executive Council 
reached a deadlock, in September, over 
the appointment of a member of the po- 
lice commission in the city of Manches- 
ter; and the war between the farmers 
and the gunners over the damage done 
to apple orchards by partridges broke 
out afresh because of the delay experi- 
enced by the agriculturists in securing 
a settlement of their claims under the 
law of 1923. — H. C. P. 



ff^ — 




,, 




The 




Granite 


Monthly 


NoRRIS 


H. Cotton 


Managing Editor 




As social 


e Edit gts 


Ralph 


D. Hetzel 


Harlan C. Pearson 


Ernest 


M. Hopkins 


George M. Putnam 


John 


R. McLane 


Wm. S. Rossiter 


El win 


L. Page 


Eaton D. Sargent 


John 


3> WlNANT 


Ray mond B. Stevens 

__ .-— -~- :--— D 



%& 



AT THE SIGN OF THE LUCKY DOG 

New Hampshire's Contribution to Big League Baseball 

By Helen F. MgMillin 

"New Hampshire business Is in a desperate situation," say the pessimists. "It's 
no use trying to compete with other parts of the country." A pessimist is usually a 
man who prides himself on looking facts squarely in the face. But in this case the 
prophets of gloom seem woefully ignorant of the things whereof they speak. No 
part of the country does business without accompanying handicaps and disadvantages. 
Some of our business enterprises unquestionably are facing very tangled problems. 
But against this background stands out this encouraging fact, exemplified in many 
business organizations throughout the length and breadth of the state, that wherever 
New Hampshire will-power, New Hampshire brains, and New Hampshire workmanship 
have grappled with such problems they have won out and created substantial success. 
From time to time during the winter, the GRANITE MONTHLY is planning to 
publish the stories of some of New Hampshire's interesting business enterprises, 
showing in so far as possible the elements of their success. 

—The Editors. 



crowded grand stand on a hot 
October afternoon. The smell 
of peanuts and popcorn. The 
monotonous tones of hoys hawking soft 
drinks and "Official Scores.'' A portly 
gentleman in shirtsleeves with hat 
pushed hack on his moist forehead. Be- 
side him, in the shadow of his corpu- 
lence, a wide-eyed small boy with the 
expression of one about to behold mys- 
teries. Beyond the boy a thin stoop 
shouldered youth with the air of a dusty 
office clinging about him. And below, 
the focus of the eyes of these three and 
of those of the thousands of others who 
crowd the grandstands and the bleachers, 
a well worn patch of ground on which 
are already moving tiny figures in grey 
and white uniform, warriors in the great 
contest which shall decide for another 
year the world championship in the 
Great American Game. These are fa- 
miliar things to the baseball fan. 
Familiar also the thrill which comes as 
the pitcher releases the first ball of the 
game and it comes speeding with in- 
credible swiftness toward the plate. 



which stands on the top of a Plymouth 
factory on the Daniel Webster High- 
way. For the New Hampshire product 
manufactured in that factory has no 
small part in the Big League Game. 

There are only a few firms in the 
United States which do a high grade- 
sporting goods business ; and among 
these Draper and Maynard stands high. 
Refusing to compete with other manu- 
facturers in quantity production of 
cheap goods, the firm has built up such 
a reputation for quality that the name 
is synonymous with the best materials 
and workmanship wherever games are 
played. Draper and Maynard is a 
growing concern, and its growth is based 
entirely upon the production of the high- 
est grade of sporting goods which can 
be made. And because competition 
hased upon quality is good clean sports- 
manlike competition, Mr. Maynard can 
say with pride, "We have no competitors. 
They are all our friends. Why, when 
we had our fire here in 1912, every 
competitor without exception w r rote us 
just as soon as the news reached him, 



Familiar also the thrill which comes as offering us the use of any "part of bis 



thud of running feet and the sigh of the 
crowd as the ball drops at last into the 
fielder's glove far down the field. But 
were it possible, in the space while the 
next batsman takes his place, to show 
you close-ups of bat and glove and mitt, 
one more familiar thing might he added 
to the list — the Sign of the Lucky Dog 



factory for any process of our manu- 
facture, until we could get on our feet 
again." 

Plymouth was a glove town in the 
old days. Down in Glove Hollow about 
two miles from the present village, in 
a little square frame building, a few 
workmen cut out buckskin driving 



AT THE SIGN OF THE LUCKY DOG 



465 



j i > 






... 



... . . .... 



Destined for Many a Hotly Contested Field 



gloves, bundled them into packages and 
sent them out to the farmers' wives 01 
the neighborhood to be sewed. The 
story goes that the industry which made 
Glover sville, N. Y., almost settled in 
Plymouth, that the Englishmen bent up- 
on founding the business came first to 
the New Hampshire town in search of 
a site but were persuaded away from 
New England by some enterprising 
New York Jews who offered them a 
factory already built for their purposes. 
Had an enterprising Board of Trade in 
Plymouth been able to offer counter in- 
ducements, the history of the town might 
have been different from what it has 
been. But in the light of later develop- 
ments one cannot think too regretfully 
of the loss of this business. 

It was not very much later, in 1882 
or thereabouts, that Arthur Irwin, pro- 
fessional baseball player, designed a pad- 
ded glove and brought his design to 
Plymouth to find a manufacturer. In 
the years that followed, the glove sales- 
men who went out from Glove Hollow 
carried as a novelty and curiosity a few 



samples of the odd glove, and in many 
cases merchants pushed up glove sales 
by using in their windows, displays of 
the freak gloves to draw the attention of 
the crowds. 

From that beginning has grown the 
great business of Draper and Maynard. 
From Glove Hollow the business moved 
to .Ashland and thence to Plymouth, and 
to-day it comprises not only the main 
brick building which is a familiar land- 
mark of trie town, but also several 
smaller workrooms in various parts of 
the town, a new storehouse down by the 
tracks, a knitting factory up the river. 
And even, to-day, though to a much less 
extent than formerly, farmers' wives in 
the surrounding country make a little 
pin money in long winter evenings by 
sewing covers on baseballs. : 

The business has been in a unique 
sense a local institution. To one who 
has recently visited the Amoskeag or 
other of our large mills it is something 
of a surprise to look down the work 
rooms and see only good Yankee faces. 
Most of the employees come from Ply- 



464 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



mouth a?ul the Surrounding farms. 
Nearly all of them are native Ameri- 
cans; all of them take in their work 
the pride of skilled artisans. And the 
management is proud of the help. "We 
have the best help in New England," 
said "the manager, "and we have a fine 
record for holding our employees. Some 
twenty- five of them have been with us 
over twenty-five years each.. One of 
them has been in our employ forty- 
seven years. He 'got through' for good 
the other day. but lie will he hack again 
before the year is out. And when he 
comes back his job is waiting for him." 

In its human relations, in the homo- 
geneity of its help, the company has a 
provincial, homely atmosphere. But as 
soon as one turns to the product itself, 
one is startled by the fact that in so 
small a compass are gathered materials 
of such variety from so many corners 
of the earth. 

Here is the room where men are 
winding baseballs — some 200 dozen a 
day the year round. This man is stamp- 
ing out covers from horsehide— alum 
tanned. One hundred and forty horse 
hides a day are required to keep the de- 
partment running at reasonable speed 
and some of the hides come from the 
eating horses of Russia and France 
and Germany. Over there little two 
ounce balls of pure Para rubber from 
the West Indies are being wound with 
woolen yarn which had its origin on the 
backs of sheep on the western prairies 
and far Australia. It takes 1040 feet 
of yarn to make one baseball. The balls 
which are made in this fashion are the 
best grade, some few of them will attain 
the Official League Stamp. But there 
are other balls built in the factory — 
softer playground balls, indoor base- 
balls, balk which do not require the 
standard center. In these instead of 
the rubber from Para may be used 
sponge from the Florida reefs, benight 
by the schooner load for this purpose. 
Instead of woolen yarn to wind around 
the center, one may find goat hair from 



Siberia, cattle hair from Chili, scraps 
from an English tennis ball factory 
C practically the entire waste from this 
kind of production finds its way to 
Plymouth), sweepings from a cotton 
mill, trimmings from a felt hat factorv, 
shoddy, curled hair. Five hundred cow- 
hides a week go into the manufacture 
of baseball gloves, footballs, basketballs, 
etc., and these hides come from Sweden 
and Switzerland, from English tan- 
neries, from South America. For some 
grades of baseball gloves and for the 
softer boxing gloves, sheep skins are 
imported from Australia or brought 
from Southern California. Kapoc from 
Java and from the Philippine Islands. 
Mississippi cotton and Sea Island cot- 
ton, goat skins from Asia, deer skins 
from Canada : one could go on enum- 
erating the countries which contribute 
their choicest products for the manu* 
facture of New Hampshire sporting 
goods. Only the best of each kind of 
material comes in, for only the best is 
good enough to use. 

But the quality of Draper and May- 
nard materials does not stop with ma- 
terials. Several times during its manu- 
facture eveiw ball, every glove, every 
piece of equipment is rigidly examined 
for possible defects. And for final 
testing out of new ideas, there is the 
"laboratory" ball park across the way. 
maintained by the company, in which 
the boys and men of Plymouth, in hotly 
contested games, try out the very latest 
things in equipment. 

Quality counts. The combination of 
the best materials and the most expert 
workmanship has results. It is the claim 
of the company that nearly 907c of the 
professional ball players of the country 
use Draper and Maynard goods. That 
glove with the signature of Babe Ruth 
stamped upon it is not just a model 
named after a great player, with the 
idea of catching the eye of the customer. 
It is really made from the pattern Babe 
Ruth prefers. And he ought to know 
what a good glove is. 



cf(£ 



THE "TOWN" PLAYGROUND 

The Need and the Methods 

By H. E. Young 



flHROUGHOUT New England to- 
day the Playground is considered 

"" a city institution and impractical 
in a town. True, it has been developed 
in the city where the needs and condi- 
tions of city life have shaped its ideas 
and methods. On the other hand, the 
great success of the Drake Field in 
Pittsfield, a town of two thousand people 
located fifteen miles from the nearest 
city, proves conclusively that the Play- 
ground belongs to the small town as 
much as to the city. 

Outside the one 
fact that he has 
more room for 
play in his own if 
dooryard, the coun- ! 
try boy needs the 
supervised P lay- 
ground just as 
much as his city 
cousin, perhaps 
more. Each day 
parents tell us how 
glad they are to 
send their children 
to a place where \ 
there is no danger 
from passing autos. 
Others speak of 
the relief that 
comes from the 
feeling that some- 
one else will attend 
to the little ones for a few hours each 
day. Another comment, frequently 
made, is that these children are so busy 
that they can do no mischief and learn 
no bad habits. 

From the point of view of the chil- 
dren, die held oilers the chance to have 
a good time in a hundred different ways. 
They find a large number of new games 
and many kinds of apparatus on which 
to do stunts. Above all, there is some- 
one to watch everything: and see that 



each one plays fairly. In the country 
the "bully" oilers a problem of the same 



tvpe as 



the city "gang." On 



P 



ground we have the "bully" at a grave 
disadvantage, for he does not dare to 
plague the little ones or try to enforce 
his will. It does not take long for them 
to learn that each must wait for his turn 
and that mere size and strength are of 
no avail if the majority wish otherwise. 
At the outset of this experiment it 
would have been folly to forecast the 
phenominal success that has attended 
this venture. Dur- 
j ing the past two 
months more than 
, 24,000 people have 
been on the Field, 
an average of over 
450 a day. Under 
:| these conditions 
j the fact that there 
1 has not been a 
single accident on 
the Field requiring 
the presence of a 
doctor becomes all 
the more remark- 
able. Furthermore, 
' I we challenge any 
Playground to rival 
our record of not 
a single piece or 
part of our exten- 
sive equipment lost 
or stolen in the past two years. 

Nearly every New England town has 
a large Common or some sort of Park, 
a part of which could be used for this 
purpose without alteration. Aside from 
the upkeep of the grounds, the expense 
of the Playground supervision and 
equipment has cost the Town of Pitts- 
field less than five hundred dollars dur- 
ing the past year. What better invest- 
ment can be made in the health and hap- 
piness of our children? 



Play Fair 



^ 






:■ 



■•. 



•'"" 



Mav Yohe at the Blue Diamond Inn 



MAY YOHE 



HOUSANDS of motorists passing 
over the Dartmouth College road 
between Newport and Keene have 
been greeted by an unpretentious sign 
board, "The Blue Diamond Inn." Un- 
questionably if Edgar Allan Poe were 
alive and should wander or rather fliv- 
ver in that direction he would find ample 
field in which to let his fancies roam 
and weave a romantic narrative around 
that diamond shaped board. Those who 
know its history realize that there is 
ample materia^ there to occupy the im- 
agination of a Poe or a DeMoupossant. 



If one were to search for the origin 
of that sign he would need to go far 
away from the quiet hills and rural life 
of New Hampshire and pursue his quest 
in the gaiety of the fastest set in Ameri- 
ca, amid the ancient nobility of old Eng- 
land, in the sunny climes of far away 
Japan and Heaven knows where else. 

Possibly before he started this pil- 
grimage he might find the beginnings of 
his story on one of the pages of a Bos- 
ton paper. The words found there seem 
commonplace arid prosaic enough for 
the most unromantic. They simply men- 



. 



MAY YOKE 



AC</ 



Hon the fact that May Y©he, a famous 
vaudeville star of a generation ago, has 
been recalled to the stage and is playing 
a leading part at Keith's Theatre in 
Boston.- Our searcher sees nothing of 
interest in this statement, but his eve 
lightens as he glances at the next state- 
ment, to the effect that the theatrical 
managers had brought May Yohe from 
a lite of obscurity in the mountains of 
New Hampshire, where she was the pro- 
prietor of a tea room. Letting the 
newspaper fall idly to his lap, the curi- 
ous one closes his eyes, tries to remem- 
ber what it is about that name that is 
familiar to him, and what it all has to 
do with the sign of ''The Blue Diamond 
Inn." And then suddenly it comes to 
him, and with a startled interest, he 
realizes that he lias indeed stumbled up- 
on vivid, spicy romance, hidden away in 
the little New Hampshire town of Mar- 
low. 

Of all the famous and precious jewels 
that have ever come to the attention of 
(he world perhaps the best known were 
the Hope diamonds. These glittering 
gems have taken to themselves an in- 
dividuality because of the fact that a 
strange and tragic story has ever been 
connected with them. They seem to 
bring disaster and sorrow to each one of 
the various world- famed personages 
who were in turn their possessors. They 
brought misfortune to Lord Hope, a 
peer of one of England's oldest families, 
in the shape of May Yohe. To be sure, 
at the time he met her she must have 
been an exceedingly attractive mi 5 for- 
tune. She was in the prime of her fa- 
mous stage career. She was surround- 
ed by admirers. She was something of 
an institution at Yale, Columbia, and 
some of the other universities within 
easy distances from New York. Suf- 
fice it to say that lord Hope married 
her and lived to regret it. In a short 
time he had lost both May and the dia- 
monds. 

Even while her divorce proceedings 



were still in their immature stages she 
fascinated the son of Mayor Strong of 
New York to such an extent that he is 
said to have forged checks in order to 
support her in the proper style for a 
reigning beauty. Young Strong was at 
that time an officer in the army but he 
managed to find time to take May upon 
a rather unofficial honeymoon to Japan. 
It is probable that she shook up Japan 
nearly as much as the recent earth- 
quakes. 

Enough of this, however, for the es- 
calades and episodes of May's life 
would probably fill a book, and those 
which have been recounted here are sim- 
ply the current gossip of the theatrical 
world. There evidently came a time, in 
her life when she wearied of breaking 
hearts, or perchance the growing years 
and avoirdupois lessened her popularity 
upon the stage. She found her way to 
the quiet hills of Mario w and there 
opened a little inn and tea room for the 
accommodation of passersby. There 
she served them in a most gracious and 
hospitable manner, making her hostelry 
famous for its appetizing dishes. 
The only remnant, perhaps, of the reck- 
lessness of her stage career, was her 
rather brazen use of that famous chap- 
ter in her life in naming her wayside 
arbor, "The Blue Diamond Inn." 

The story is told. Once more laying 
aside her domestic cares, she is now con- 
vincing" the theatre goers of Boston that 
she is still a mistress of her former art. 
A citizen of Ohio once boasted to a citi- 
zen of New York that Ohio had given 
the country more presidents than New 
York, whereupon his friend responded 
by asserting that New York had had 
more murder cases than Ohio. It is a 
poor state that can't win fame in more 
than one field of activity. Let those 
who consider New Hampshire merely 
as a place of beautiful scenery, peopled 
by unpolished rustics, remember that for 
a dozen, years we have held hidden in 
our hills one of the gayest of the gay. 






THE NEXT GENERATION 



Playgrounds in New Hampshire 
By Theresa E. Schmidt 



visitor in Clafemont one August 

evening saw a picture that 
brought a thrill. It was not a 
cinema, nor was it a fire or a remarkable 
sunset. It was a community at play. 

On the city playground, five hundred 
citizens were watching a twilight base- 
ball game. Next to the. baseball field. 
five tennis courts were filled with en- 
thusiastic youths, while the adjoining 
play-field was crowded with happy 
youngsters making enthusiastic use of 
teeter boards, swings and slides. When 
the baseball game was finished, the whole 
body of spectators moved up the hill to 
the Common and listened to a band con- 
cert. And the visitor learned that people 
would come to these concerts from many- 
miles around, even from the country, 
and often arrived as early as 7 :00 P. 
M. to secure a good vantage point, al- 
though the concerts did not commence 
until 8:30 P. M. This was community 
recreation — the home-grown variety,- — 



and all the gradings and shadings of the 
city's population were enjoying it. 

New Hampshire, often referred to as 
America's playground, has like Califor- 
nia and some other states learned that 
physical advantages and climate alone 
do not fully meet the recreational needs 
of the people. Forethought, planning 
and organization are essential to the full 
use of and the supplementing of the re- 
sources that nature has provided. New 
Hampshire is one of twelve states that 
have paved the way for adequately sup- 
plementing existing resources for play 
through the medium of the "borne rule 
bill." Section 1. of this bill reads as 
follows : 

Any city or town in this state may take 
land within the municipal limits in fee or 
gifts, purchase or right of eminent domain, 
or lease the same and may prepare, equip 
and maintain it or any other land belong- 
ing to the municipality and suitable for the 
purpose, as a public playground; and may 
conduct and promote thereon, play and rec- 
reation activities; may equip and operate 












•■-■■■. 






- 



Volley Ball 



THE NEXT GEN 



469 



I 



> 



... 



Ups and Dc 



neighborhood center buildings, may oper- 
ate public baths and swimming pools; and 
may employ such playleaders, playground 
instructors, supervisors, recreation secre- 
tary, or superintendent and other officials 
as it deems best. 

This lav/ is a great advantage to New 
Hampshire municipalities "Go ahead," it 
says in effect, "and provide generously 
and adequately for the play needs of 
your citizens." Under this law and dtie 
to the enthusiasm and energy of friends 
of public recreation in recent years. New 
Hampshire cities have made encourag- 
ing progress in municipal play. This 
year especially has been one of achieve- 
ment, particularly the summer play- 
ground work. 

To-day more than ever before, recre- 
ation activities are planned with an idea 
of getting out of them for America's 
coming citizens the greatest benefit in a 
physical, moral and educational way. 
Games and athletics improve physical 
health, develop character, fair play, obed- 
ience and concentration ; story-telling 
and story playing stimulate the imagina- 
tion ; constructive play develops ingenu- 
ity and creative ability; gardening, pet 
shows, nature study and camping in- 
crease the natural love for out-door life; 
self government and citizenship activi- 



ties develop a sense of justice and civic 

pride all of these and many more 

are supplied in a well rounded program 
under trained leadership. In the larger 
New Hampshire cities and towns the 
summer playground work is carried on 
under the direction of trained workers. 
The daily programs are most varied 
and children may be seen at any time of 






■: 



Perpetual Motion 



470 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the day consulting the Playground Bulle- 
tin hoard to find out what special sur- 
prise is in store for them, of when rut- 
rival playground is scheduled to play 
the interplayground game, or whether 
they are to be on "police duty" for the 
day.- In some cities the children plan 
their oven daily bulletin and make the 
posters and announcements. 

Baseball leagues not only for the boys 
large and small, but for the girls as well 
afford much competition and the im- 
portance and excitement and surely the 
cheering rivals that of a Big League 
game. Sunset Leagues afford recrea- 
tion and interest to the young men who 
are employed during the day and in many 
cities the playground diamonds are re- 
served for the Sunset schedules. Vol- 
ley ball, schlag ball and basket ball 
leagues are equal!}- as popular. Pen- 
nants are usually awarded the winning 
playground. Where municipal tennis 
courts are provided the courts are oc- 



cupied from early until late. Tennis 
tournament officials are the city champ- 
ions or country club players. Simpli- 
fied golf is a popular activity of the boys' 
own choosing. They have improvised 
their own golf clubs and -in one city the 
boys laid out a regular nine hole course 
on the common. The Athletic Badge 
tests, standard physical efficiency tests 
are being generally ustd and in several 
places follow up the work done in the 
public schools. Interplayground track 
and athletic meets for both boys and 
girls have created much friendly rivalry 
and the honor of the playground not of 
the individual is kept in mind. As one 
little playground girl expressed it "I'm 
not running for myself—I'm running 
for the playground." And again where 
an undersized team appeared to repre- 
sent their playground a playground boy 
from a rival team said, "Of course they 
couldn't expect to win but just the same 
they ought to get a ribbon for courage." 



- J" 



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The Primer Class 



THE NEXT GENERATION 



■71 



I 



.::-■ 



U 



The Most Popular Spot in Town 



In game contests points are given not 
only for actual winning but also for 
sportsmanship and reliability. The 

number of points granted for sports- 
manship are twice as many as those 
granted for winning and in order to 
win a contest by this method more char- 
acter than skill is necessary. 

Handicraft and constructive play was 
an important feature on most of the 
summer playground schedules and in 
the heat of the day one finds interested 
groups of children in shady nooks busi- 
ly engaged in the making of baskets, 
toys, kites, birch bark canoes, paper 
flowers, beads; in knitting, sewing, em- 
broidery and the making and dressing 
of dolls. Such activity teaches the chil- 
dren useful occupations and effective 
workmanship. At the end of the sea- 
son the work is exhibited and in most- 
cities the merchants are very willing to 
clear a window for the display. In one 



city this summer two large windows 
were used and votes were cast for the 
best piece of work. Kite and lantern 
making always creates interest especially 
when followed by kite flying contests and 
a laughing lantern parade at dusk. For 
many of the festivals and dramatic work 
the children are taught to make their 
own costumes and also taught to dye 
materials. The little children enjoy 
making gay scrap books which are often 
passed on to a children's hospital. 

New Hampshire with her wealth of 
lakes and rivers and bit of coast offers 
opportunity for swimming to most com- 
munities, and facilities for swimming 
have been provided as part of the recrea- 
tion program in most cities. In Con- 
cord a section of the Merrimack River 
is used for a bathing beach and the daily 
attendance averages 200 a day. The 
Beach and two portable bath houses are 
under the supervision of two expert in- 



C ; k A X ITE M O N T IT 1 $ 



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Future Citizen 



structors under the Recreation Commis- 
sion. In Manchester 2500 attended the 
Playground Aquatic Meet at Crystal 
Lake. The nine events on the program 
were followed by water basketball and 
general swimming. In congested areas 
in Manchester five outdoor showers were 
installed this summer. Each shower 
was made of four inexpensive lawn 
sprinklers attached to piping and the 
platform was made from old planking- 
used at one time in city construction 
work. In Nashua a "swimming hole" 
was under playground supervision and 
an instructor on duty all day. The in- 
terest in swimming by old as well as 
young has convinced the City Fathers 
that adequate provision must be made 
and plans are under way for a pool. 
In Rochester last year there was a 39% 
increase in the number of boys in one 
school that had learned to swim as the 
result of the instruction received at the 
playground beach. Dover has a munici- 
pal pool which is always an attraction. 
Claremont has wise 1 .)' used the space un- 
der the grand stand for showers. 



Story telling is an important factor on 
any playground program and the story 
teller resembles the Pied Piper of Ham- 
lin days whenever the story hour ap- 
proaches. In Nashua a volunteer com- 
mittee organized a group of story tellers 
and one was sent to each of the five 
-playgrounds every day. The Library 
furnished the material for new stories 
and in co-operation with the committee 
arranged for lectures by professional 
story tellers. The little children were 
not the only ones who listened spell- 
bound to the stories, the big boys and 
girls, and often their mothers and grand- 
fathers came too. Sometimes the story 
teller came dressed as a fairy and told 
the beloved fairy tales or another time 
as a gypsy or in the national costume of 
another land. The children love to 
dramatize the stories and the make-be- 
lieve fairies or the Three Bears seemed 
very real. The children on Derryfield 
Park Playground in Manchester gave 
a "show" every day. In Concord the 
Playground children dramatized their 
stories and nursery rhymes and then en- 



th: 



ChXT GENERATION 



473 



tertakied the children and grown-ups in 
one of the city hospitals. The children 
performed on the lawn while, the patients 
watched from their windows or from 
the porches. In Claremont the children 
gave "The Dearest Wish," a delightful 
story festival as part of this summer's 
dosing program. Many pi the play- 
grounds presented plays, pageants and 
story festivals as part of this summer's 



closing exhibition. 



The Dover and 



Portsmouth playground children took 
part in the tercentenary celebration- 
Dover also had a special playground af- 
ternoon on the week's program. The 
same "let's pretend" spirit was demon- 
strated in the sand box play, the dwarf's 
castles and the fairies' gardens were 
models that any architect or landscape 
artist might envy. 

Special gala days were featured all 
summer, some playgrounds planning a 
special da}' a week. The "specialities" 
were most varied, and often the fathers 
and mothers, big sisters and brothers, 
came as well as did baby sister or 
brother. Franklin Park in Boston 
doubtless never saw such a variety of 
animals as were displayed in the Pet 
Shows given on many New Hampshire 
playgrounds this past summer. Dogs, 
cats, birds, turtles, ponies, rabbits, grass- 
hoppers, lizards, goldfish, mice and rats 



were among the many shown. Human 
pets were included and the children's 
imagination ran riot as they planned the. 
well known "spark plug." Three thou- 
sand children took part in Manchester's 
Pet Show. A Bicycle Road race in 
Manchester was an exciting event for 
the thirty-one boys who participated, 
the winner . of the race of A l / 2 
miles was presented with a silver cup 
donated by the Kiwanis Club. Marble, 
quoit, mumbledy peg and other tourna- 
ments were run oft as special events 
and created much interest. In one city 
where there was little equipment the 
boys made "tin can stilts" and a contest 
was held. Doll carriage Parades and 
Doll Shows are looked forward to as 
"the season's biggest event." The dolls 
are dressed in their "Sunday best" and 
usually costumed in the creations fash- 
ioned by the little mothers. The doll 
carriages are decorated and ribbon prizes 
awarded. Many are unique and artistic 
and the affair is always a festive one. In 
a foreign section of one city where the 
children had no "real" doll carriages 
conveyances were manufactured out of 
wooden and cardboard boxes and then 
gaily decorated. 

The Playground Circus is becoming a 
serious rival of the famous Sells-Fioto 
or Ringling Brothers. The "Greatest 






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Kellcy Glide — ^Requires a Strong Seat 






THE GRAXfTF MONTHLY 

"~1 ways popular and well attended, Koch- 
ester has a boys' hand which includes 
;,•' - : . ! boys of playground age. Many of the 

$ playgrounds have daily sings and their 

\ \ 'I ■ -' . ■ ■ * • :.j own playground songs. In some of the 

| \ : ." • foreign sections the children learn to 

Y \ '■ '; ._J sing the playground song but have dif- 

\ \ , ficulty in speaking English. Harmonica 

bands have been in vogue this summer 
I ' . I and have been in demand for many of 

the gala events. Most playgrounds 

have yictrolas and in addition to the 

records used for folk dancing", many 

\ - | nave classical music and have "artists' 

1 ! '[ i I concerts." One little playgrounder five 

3T years of age begs daily for "The Largo." 

Health work is included as part of the 
:. season's work. Often the city nurse co- 

, operates and makes daily rounds. Health 

• v \ games and rhymes are taught. Some- 

times tooth paste and soap samples are 
given out with explanation of their pro- 
per use. A clean face and hands and 
... ....... ...... teeth as well as other qualifications are 

demanded for the merit system. 
Onward and Upward q^ are appredating die need for 

Show" of the year has a parade, wild adult recreation and arc providing horse 
animals, clowns/ side shows, pink lemon- shoe pitches, checker tables, bowling on 
ade and all the attractions that go to the green,* rifle ranges, croquet, and ten- 
make up a real circus. The playground nis for the older ones. Beautiful parks 
apparatus affords excellent opportunity formerly made to look at are now be- 
for daring trapeze work and the clowns 
thrill their spectators with all sorts of 
daring stunts. Summer time means 
picnic time too, and many playgrounds 
have regular picnic days, occasionally 
going on long excursions, the city or 
public spirited citizens providing trans- 
portation, and then again going to one 
of the city's parks for a happy day. 
Picnic breakfasts have been held for the 

newsboys and often there are picnic ■<■•■- ; * 

suppers or lunches on the borne play- [ 
ground. Often the mothers are special 

guests for the afternoon and in some [■♦-•/■- ... f 

cities the mothers join in a game of cro- V. 

quet, or a lesson in basketry while their | 
babies are enjoying the swings and sand- ... --'. 

boxes. j 

Music has a universal appeal and I ;- 
serves as a splendid means of bringing 
people together. Band concerts are al- 



•• ..:•.-■■■ • 



Babe Ruth the Second 



THE NEXT GENERATION 



475 



coming "useful as well as orpacnieiital." 
Cities are learning too that beauty com- 
mands respect and reverence and that 
beauty vandalism decreases as beauty in- 
creases. 

Under the influence of municipal 
playgrounds, child crime and delin- 
quency are being decreased in many 
cities and towns. Municipalities are 
rapidly learning that an ounce of pre- 
vention in the form of thoughtful super- 
vision of children's leisure time is worth 
a pound of cure in the form of courts 
and jails. In Nashua the number of ju- 
venile delinquent cases decreased almost 
50% last year and the result is attrib- 
uted to the playgrounds where the chil- 
dren are so bus)- at play that they have 
no time to get into mischief. 

Successful recreation programs have 
not only been conducted by larger New 
Hampshire cities but by smaller towns 
and communities as well. Often when 
town appropriation has not been made 
local organizations are carrying on until 
such time as the budget can be included 
in the town warrant. The Parent 
Teachers Association in East Jaffrey is 
sponsoring the playground and raised 
the money for. this year's supervision. 



Among the many interesting methods 

devised for raising money a May break- 
fast was served from five until nine 
o'clock on May Morning. The Break- 
fast was decidedly a Community party, 
there were mill and factory workers, 
storekeepers, business men and whole 
families and clubs. Three buglers from 
the church belfries awakened the town 
with "Oh How I Hate to Get up in the 
Morning" and then sounded the mess 
call. In this way all the people in East 
Jaffrey contributed to the playleadership 
for all the children in town. 

Encouraging as New Hampshire's 
achievements have been in recent years, 
there are still greater opportunities 
ahead. The fall, winter arid spring- 
months offer numerous opportunities 
for organized recreation just as they do 
the summer months. Of the 215 
American cities that boast year-round 
recreation under trained leadership, none 
is within the borders of New Hamp- 
shire. Progressive New Hampshire 
people will not long continue to leave 
any stone unturned whereby the spare 
time of their people may be filled with 
the rich benefits of wholesome and well 
organized recreation. 



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I HAVE A RENDEZVOUS 
WITH DEATH 

By Alan Seeger 

1 have a rendezvous with Death 
At some disputed barricade, 
When Spring comes back with rust- 
ling- shade 
And apple-blossoms fill the air — 
I have a rendezvous with Death 
When Spring brings back blue days 
and fair. 

It may be he shall take my hand 
And lead me into his dark land 
And close my eyes and quench my 

breath — 
It may be I shall pass him still. 
I have a rendezvous with Death 
On some scarred slope of battered hill, 
When Spring comes round again this 

year 
And the first meadow-flowers appear. 

God knows 'twere better to be deep 
Pillowed in silk and scented down, 
Where Love throbs out in blissful 

sleep, 
Pulse nigh to pulse, and breath to 

breath, 
Where hushed awakenings are dear. . 
But I've a rendezvous with Death 
At midnight in some flaming town, 
When Spring trips north again tins 

year. 
And I to my pledged word am true, 
I shall not fail that rendezvous. 



477 



HIS LADY'S CRUELTY 

By Sir Philip Sidney 

With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies 1 

How silently, and with how wan a face ! 

What! may it be that even in heavenly place. 

That busy archer his sharp arrows tries? 

Sure, if that long-with-Iove-acquainted eyes 

Can judge of Ioyq, thou feel'st a lover's case: 

1 read it in thy looks ; thy languished grace 

To me. that feel the like, thy state descries ; 

Then, even of fellowship, O Moon, tell. me, 

Is constant love deenrd there but want of wit? 

Are beauties there as proud as here they be? 

Do they above love to be loved, and yet 

Those lovers scorn whom that lovt doth possess? 

Do they call 'virtue' there — ungratefulness? 



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LOVE TRIUMPHANT 

By Frederic Lawrence Knowles 

Helen's lips are drifting dust; 

llion is consumed with rust; 

All the galleons of Greece 

Drink the ocean's dreamless peace ; 

Lost was Solomon's purple show 

Restless centuries ago : 

Stately empires wax and wane — 

Babylon, Barbary, and Spain ; — 

Only one thing-, undefaced, 

Lasts, though all the worlds lie waste 

And the heavens are overturned. 

Dear, how long ago we learned ! 

There's a .sight that blinds the sun, 
Sound that lives when sounds are done, 
Music that rebukes the birds, 
Language lovelier than words, 
Hue and scent that shame the rose, 
Wine no earthly vineyard knows, 
Silence stiller than the shore 
Swept by Charon's stealthy oar, 
Ocean more divinely free 
Than Pacific's boundless sea, — 
Ye who love have learned it true. 
Dear, how long ago we knew ! 



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Present Mayor Hon. George E. Trudel 
(Republican) 



MANCHESTER'S MAYORALTY PRIMARIES 

Mayors and Mayors 



T UST prior to the last state election 
1 an anxious Republican entered the 
** office of James O. Lyford and asked 
him how he expected the Labor situa- 
tion in Manchester would affect the 
state returns. It is said that that vet- 
eran tipped back in his chair, elevated 
his chin, and lowered his lids, adopting 
that familiar nose which means that he 
has the spy glass to his eyes and is 
searching the lines of the. enemy. He 
spoke something as follows: "The labor 
unions of Manchester are made up of 
three classes ; aliens who have ho vote, 
a vary few Republicans, and a great 
many Democrats. Consequently, 1 

doubt whether the labor situation will 
change many votes." Seldom indeed 
is the judgment, of that battle-scarred c:-: 



his keen perception has won many an 
Austerlitz. And yet. before the night 
of that terrible election ward after ward 
of Manchester was piling up that tre- 
mendous majority which swept Brown 
arid Rogers into office, and turned the 
Legislature of a rock-ribbed Republican 
state Democratic. 

Even as the devout Mohammedan 
turns ihis gaze toward his holy city, 
Mecca, so the New Hampshire politician 
ever fastens his eyes upon the largest 
city of his state and its most intense 
political hot bed — Manchester. A city 
of 80,000 people of various nationalities, 
different religious creeds, and hike warm 
party affiliations, Manchester is at its 
best an uncertain quantity. It lias un- 
itedly changed the tide of many a 



soldier of the Old Guard at fault, and campaign and spelled defeat or victory 



MAYORS AND MAYORS 



4/0 



for many an aspiran' 



or 



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A North countryman may be as in- 
scrutable as the {massive reck of his 
mountainside, His words are few but 
Iris actions are definite, and having taken. 
a stand, lie is fixed to the bitter end, 
Manchester is far from the rock of the 
mountain. It resembles more the shift- 
ing sands of the sea. Its populanee 
moves in masses and moves quickly.. 
One moment two factions are engaged 
in bitter strife, — the next moment they 
are at peace and the lion and lamb lie 
down together. Is it strange that politi- 
cal leaders are baffled ? 

For several years past Manchester's 
delegation lias been the storm center of 
the state Legislature. The three score 
members which compose this delegation 
have been a dangerous weapon in the 
hands of friends and a fearful one to 
enemies. At times they have broken 
forth in open revolt against their own 
party leaders. Members of the last 
Legislature can easily recall the stormy 
scene when Raymond B. Stevens, the 
Democratic floor leader, tried in vain to 
hold his cohorts in check and guide their 
action upon the fact finding resolution. 
They have been known to turn against 
their own captain and the writer remem- 
bers hearing that astute Manchester 
politician say in a rather plaintive way, 
"A fellow can vote with them on 99 
questions and vote against them on one, 
and they will forget the 99 and remem- 
ber only the one."' Lie probably had in 
mind the new Carpenter Hotel, which is 
said to have cost him the mayoralty of- 
fice of Manchester. 

To-day when the first murmur of an 
approaching state campaign is being 
heard, a campaign in which the two 
parties will fight on a more equal basis, 
and consequently more desperately than 
ever before in New Hampshire polities, 
the people of New Hampshire are 
watching Manchester. They have rea- 
son to watch for the Queen city is en- 
gaged in one of the bitterest municipal 
contests of its history. The situation 
on the surface is this : There are six 



candidates for the Democratic nomina- 
tion for mayor. There is one very 
reluctant candidate for the Republican 
nomination. One would infer from this 
that the Republicans are not anticipat- 
ing an overwhelming victory. The Dem- 
ocratic candidates are John L. Barry. 
President of the New Hampshire Fed- 
eration of Labor; Ferdinand Farley, 
Solicitor of Hillsborough County; State 
Senator Frederick W. Branch.; Council- 
lor Thomas J. Conway; Ex-Mayor 
Charles Hayes ; and Alderman Brown. 
The Republican candidate is the present 
mayor; George E. Trudel. 

This, as we said, is the situation on 
the surface, as it appears to the casual 
observer and newspaper reader. One 
whose knowledge ends with this, how- 
ever, has not yet learned the alphabet 
of the Manchester language. We re- 
member a famous picture puzzle which 
represented a beautiful sylvan scene in 
the midst of which a pair of happy 
lovers were seated on a log. As one 
gazed at the picture, however, the 
branches of the trees and the outlines of 
the rocks and underbrush began to re- 
veal the forms of all kinds of ferocious 
animals. Our knowledge of Manches- 
ter's politics is very meagre and is de- 
rived merely from second-hand informa- 
tion and by a pilgrimage which we made 
through the streets and public places of 
that city. Unsophisticated as we were, 
however, we soon began to realize that 
the real scene of Manchester's fight and 
the battlefields where history is being 
made to-day is not the City flail, the 
headquarters of the Labor Union, or 
even the offices of the various candidates. 
We would say rather that the secret 
would be found in various other places 
about the city, some of them well known 
and some of them obscure. 

Behind the counter of a certain cigar 
store stands a young man of quiet de- 
meanor who meets your eye with a clear, 
straight- forward gaze, and talks with 
you very casually about the weather, the 
comparative excellence of Pippins and 
Dexters, and will sometimes consent to 



480 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



discuss with you bis private political 

opinions, implying, however that .they 
are of no more consequence than those 
of any other citizen of Manchester. If 
the truth were known, however, it is 
probable that this same retiring young 
man "is one of the real powers in the 
Democratic party of Manchester, and 
consequently a real factor in New 
Hampshire politics. He ' belongs to 
what is known by some outsiders as the 
Kirby-Mullen-Verette faction of Man- 
chester democracy. He is at the pres- 
ent time a staunch supporter of John 
L. Barry. He will inform you that 
John L. Barry is the only one of Man- 
chester's mayoralty candidates who has 
a definite platform. He tells us no news 
when he states that Mr. Barry is a labor 
candidate, having fought long for the 
enactment of the 48-hour law, and that 
in state politics he desires the abolition 
of the city police commissions. In the 
city contest, however, Mr, Barry has 
two projects in mind. The first one 
has to do with the establishment of a 
park at Lake Massabesic. According to 
his version, there are two bodies of wa- 
ter included under his name. The one 
which is situated nearer Manchester and 
upon the bank of which is the pumping 
station which furnishes Manchester's 
water supply is the natural outlet of the 
other, being on a lower level, and having 
a bog bottom. Mr. Barry would extend 
the intake of the pumping station across 
to the other body of water, which he 
claims would be better adapted as a res- 
ervoir, having a sandy bottom, and thus 
throw open the present reservoir for a 
public park. He feels that this plan 
would afford Manchester a better and 
safer water supply and at' the same time 
afford a beautiful recreation place out- 
side the city accessible to the people of 
the city, both rich and poor. His other 
project has to do with the building of a 
new City Hall containing an auditorium 
suitable for the city's requirements, the 
whole edifice to be a memorial to Man- 
chester's soldiers in the late war. Cer- 
tain opponents of Mr. Barry claim that 



that gentleman has no knowledge of the 
financial condition of the City Govern- 
ment and of the fact that her present 
sewerage system will draw upon her rev- 
enue for the next twenty years. Nev- 
ertheless, we were impressed by the clefi.- 
niiene.ss and clarity of the candidate's 
views. Moreover, the young man be- 
hind tire counter proceeded to tell us in 
glowing terms something of the life of 
this candidate, of the fact that he was an 
orphan placed in St. Joseph's School at 
the age of eleven, that he had forced his 
way upward without the advantages of 
education, with all the handicaps of the 
rather rough environment in which a 
young cigar-maker works, and of his 
election and several re-elections to the 
presidency of N. H. Federation of Lahor, 

"A man must be strong," said our 
friend, "to have the entire force of ^e 
corporations of Manchester thrown 
against him at every point in his career 
and still press forward. They must 
consider him important to train all their 
heavy artillery upon him now." 

We objected to that last remark, say- 
ing that as far as we could see the Arnos- 
keag and other corporations were tak- 
ing no part in the present campaign. 
At this remark he rattier smiled at our 
ignorance, and implied that he believed 
the corporations were secretly helping 
other candidates. Pressed to be more 
explicit, he suddenly lost interest in the 
conversation, and began to arrange plug 
tobacco in his showcase. Before we 
left, however, he did murmur something 
about the fact that Tom Conway had 
been employed by the Manchester Light 
& Traction and that Fred Branch was a 
brother to Judge Branch, evidently the 
appointment of judges being mixed up 
with corporations in his mind. 

Still proceeding on the basis that the 
storv of the Manchester situation was 
to be found elsewhere than in the City 
Clerk's office, we journeyed to the storm 
center of Manchester politics of the last 
twenty years. We found the storm 
center seated in an armchair at police 
headquarters. Chief Healey told us 



MAYORS AND MAYORS 



4$i 



several funny stories about two Irish- 
men named Pal and Mike, showing that 
he hasn't forgotten that he is Irish al- 
though the rest of his countrymen in 
Manchester evidently have done so. The 
Chief would do nothing but laugh at 
any mention of politics but we went 
away satisfied for we had seen a local 
celebrity. It is doubtful whether the 
people of New Hampshire realize that 
Chief Healey has been an issue in al- 
most every campaign of this generation. 
The bitter fight in last winter's Legisla- 
ture ovei the police commission was 
mainly an attempt on the part of the 
Democrats of Manchester to rid them- 
selves of Healey. The first clash be- 
tween Governor Brown and his council 
over the appointment of Judge Center 
was purely a Healey matter. A Man- 
chester Democrat told us that the Re- 
publican party in that city was composed 
of \Y. Parker Straw, Ex-Governor Al- 
bert O. Brown and Chief Healey, and 
the venom with which he spat out the 
last name revealed to us where his heart 
was-, or rather, where it wasn't. But what 
has the Chief to do, you ask. with the 
fight for Mayor. In order to answer 
this question, you must go back down 
to Elm Street with me, and up into a 
certain law office. We find there a 
rather, small man, seated on a table with 
his coat off, talking at the rate of about 
sixty words to the minute, whose quick 
hindlike movements of the head, and 
dynamic gesticulations mark him as 
being one of that nationality which com- 
prise a third of Manchester's popula- 
tion, a Frenchman. As he turns his 
sharp eyes upon us we feel a thrill of 
fear, and realize that we must be care- 
ful because we are standing in the pres- 
ence of Hillsborough County's aggres- 
sive young solicitor, Ferdinand Farley. 
Mr. Farley used to be a Republican, as 
did many other "Manchester citizens, but 
he is now a Democrat, as are a great 
many other Manchester citizens. He 
is a graduate of Harvard and very popu- 
lar with the French of Manchester. So 
popular that many are conjecturing as 



to whether George Trudel would even 
succeed in splitting the French vote with 
him should he receive the Democratic 
nomination. Mr. Farley ran for Solici- 
tor as an anti-Healey man. He is now 
accused by sonic of his opponents of 
being two friendly with the hated mon- 
ster. We rather doubt the truth of 
that statement, for in our experience we 
have always found that one can't be too 
friendly with a policeman. Be that as 
it may, labor has apparently turned 
against Farley, and Barry and Rivierre 
are said to be condemning him bitterly, 
although he granted them the use of his 
lawn once during the strike. 

But we must hasten if we are to even 
look in behind the scenes of this theatre. 
Over on Granite Street there is a little 
German delicatessen store kept by Rein- 
hart Hecker and his son Frederick. 
Frederick was the man who introduced 
the 48-hour bill in the session of 1921. 
Those who have visited the little store 
inform us the German population of 
that side of the city who were formerly 
Republicans, and in 1922 were Demo- 
crats, are inclined to be holding them- 
selves aloof from this primary contest. 

A visit to Guy Foster, the newly ap- 
pointed chairman of the Republican City 
Committee, gives us little result, except 
that the Republicans will give out no 
statements until after the primaries. Mr. 
Foster does enlarge upon his personal 
admiration for Mayor Trudel, claiming 
that he was not unjust to the strikers 
during his administration, and that when 
all the facts shall become known, the 
present administration will be justified 
by its efficiency and business ability. 

And now after our pilgrimage is fin- 
ished we know that we have penetrated 
only to the outer court of the temple. 
We have barely glimpsed the situation in 
Manchester. We are confused by the 
questions of race which seem to obscure 
the suituation. W T e hear many conflict- 
ing remarks. The French will stick to- 
gether. The French will not attend the 
primary. The Germans are holding 
aloof. The Irish are divided into fac- 



482 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



tions (nothing new abc 
native sons, Have?, Brer 
will eventually unite. . 
ceedingly confusing to 
us. We have barely 
caught a scent of the 
religious aspect of the 
situation and we have 
felt that it is too deli- 
cate a matter to touch 
upon. The selection 
of a French bishop 
rather than an Irish 
one has excited jeal- 
ousy Protestant Re- 
publicans are not en- 
thusiastic for Trudel. 
All these and many 
others are the remarks 
that have come to us, 
and we can only pass 
them on. 

One thing is certain. 
Manchester is thor- 
oughly awake, She has 



A that). The 


many sine 


--n and Branch, 


care- little 


Ml this is ex- 


Republican 









Former Mayor 

Hon. Charles G. Hayes 

(Democrat) 



; and able leaders. She 
or the name Democrat or 
It would perhaps behoove 
political leaders 
| throughout the state of 
New Hampshire to 
realize that underneath 
the confusion and the 
race and religious pre- 
1 judice of Manchester 
there are certain real 
issues involved, that 
the corporations are. 
not all oppressing the 
poor, and that the 
labor leaders are not all 
demagogues and that 
the harmony and pros- 
perity of New Hamp- 
shire is likely to be ar- 
feeted very largely by 
developments in Man- 
chester in the near fu- 
ture. 



l 



CULLING CAMPAIGN IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

For More Profitable Poultry 



By A. W. Richardson 



They Lay GOLDEN Eggs 

"There is money in hens" say our farm experts. 
Perhaps this is New Hampshire's opportunity and yours. 

Are You Interested? 



F the reader of this article will realize with the methods used in culling out 

that the average production per hen, the non-productive and non-profitable 

of all the hens in the state of New hens. This information has reached him 

Hampshire, is something like 70 eggs partly through the printed page in our 

and then bear in mind that 70 eggs at various farm papers and poultry papers, 

the average price which was received and to a large extent through a series 

during the past twelve months will not of culling demonstrations which have 

pay the hen's board, then he will realize been carried on during the last three 

the value of a culling campaign. years by members of the staff of the 

The average commercial poultry Poultry Department of the University 

grower has, in the past three years, be- of New Hampshire, working in co-oper- 

come more or less thoroughly familiar ation with the several county farm bu- 



GULLING CAMPAIGN IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



483 



reaus. At the annual meeting of the 
county agents held in Durham, in De- 
cember usually, the program of .demon- 
strations is laid out. A certain length 
of time is given to each county agent or, 
in oilier words, to each county, — usually 
a week; however, in the following comi- 
ties: Merrimack, Rockingham, Hills- 
borough, and Strafford, two weeks have 
usually been assigned. During the win- 
ter months when the county agent is 
making up his program for the follow- 
ing season's work those communities 
which signify a desire to have a poultry 
meeting or culling demonstration notify 
the county agent and he makes the ar- 
rangements with the poultry project 
leaders in the various communities to 
put these meetings on. He usually noti- 
fies all of trie members on his mailing 
list of these meetings and the poultry 
project leader notifies all the members 
in his neighborhood, very often by tele- 
phone. 

At the time the demonstration is held, 
the representative of the Poultry De- 
partment going to the owner's poultry 
plant, usually culls over one pen, remov- 
ing all those birds which in his opinion 
are non-profitable or non-productive. A 
recurd has previously been kept for a 
week of the total production ; then a rec- 
ord is kept the week succeeding the dem- 
onstration of the production of those 
birds which remain, together with the 
production of the culled hens. 

The following set of figures obtained 
in Strafford County on the culling dem- 
onstrations held this summer gives a 
fair idea of what this culling can and 
will do. The average production of 329 
hens was 33 percent. Of the 329 hens, 
just 100 were removed. These birds 
produced in seven days after they were 
removed 118 eggs, or 16 percent pro- 
duction. The 229 birds which remained 
after culling had taken place produced 
in the succeeding week 724 eggs, or 45 
percent production. At the present 
prices of grain, it costs approximately 
7c per day to feed a hen which would 
mean that the 100 culled birds would 



eat 70 cents' worth of grain in a day. 
The culled birds produced approximate- 
ly )7 eggs per day. The price of eggs 
at the time the culling was carried on 
was approximately four cents a piece; in 
other words, ihe 100 birds laid 68 cents' 
worth of eggs per day and instead of 
paying any profit the 100 birds were 
losing two cents per day. It is this type 
of non -profitable and non-productive 
hens that the culling has been trying to 
eliminate from the flock. These par- 
ticularly poor laying liens are found in 
every flock, the number of course vary- 
ing with the strain of hens and with the 
skill of the producer. 

Those men who are paying some at- 
tention to the selection of their stock 
and are making a real effort io increase 
the production of their stock are finding 
that they are having fewer and fewer 
culls ; they find, further, that their 
pullets are laying earlier and earlier 
each season and laying later and later 
the succeeding fall. In other words, 
their pullets are laying over a longer 
period of time, beginning to lay approxi- 
mately a month earlier than they used 
to and two months later in the fall than 
they were previously in the habit of 
doing. 

The following figures obtained from 
the Extension Service office give the 
number of demonstrations held, together 
with the total attendance. These figures 
apply to the year 1922. There were 124 
demonstrations held, and the total at- 
tendance was 2490. If one assumes 
that each person who attended made an 
earnest attempt to cull his flock, then it 
easily can be assumed that the number 
of flocks which were culled and the total 
number of hens which were culled and 
removed and sold made a great saving 
to the poultry men of the state in that 
one season alone; and, of course, this 
saving continues through succeeding 
seasons, and the results of the informa- 
tion furnished at these culling demon- 
strations go on in an ever widening 
circle. 



THE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 
AND LEGISLATOR 

MAJOR EZEKIEL WORTHEN 

B y S a m u el Cop p Wort h e n 

PART II 



fjnX-IE bold backwoodsmen of New 
Hampshire were not slow to re- 
sent encroachments noon their lib- 
erties, and none more eagerly leaped to 
arms at the trumpet call of the Revolu- 
tion. No class among them responded 
more readily or did more efficient service 
in the Council and in the field than the 
veterans of the French and Indian Wars. 
Thirty years had passed since Ezekiel 
Worthen served at Louisburg in Pep- 
perelTs victorious army and eighteen 
since his flight from the horrible but- 
chery of Fort William Henry. Flis 
service to the commonwealth well merit- 
ed a life of peaceful retirement; but the 
stirring days of 75 and 76 found this 
veteran of more than -three score and 
five years one of the most active among 
the patriots of New Hampshire. Dur- 
ing the first two years he was one of the 
leaders of his state in directing the pro- 
gress of the Revolution. His service 
embraced not only the shaping of de- 
fensive legislation, but the equipment of 
troops, the fortification of the coast and 
the actual command of military forces. 
The eve of the Revolution was char- 
acterized in New Hampshire as else- 
where by clashes between the Legisla- 
ture and the Royal Governor. Ezekiel 
Worthen was a member of the Assem- 
bly which convened at Portsmouth on 
April 7, 1774, and which, after serious 
disagreements with Gov. John Went- 
vvorth, was dissolved. The members 
before separating recommended the elec- 
tion of a Provincial Congress to take 
measures for the public welfare, inde- 
pendently of the authority of the Crown. 
Such Congress or Convention, known as 
the ''First Provincial Congress of New 



Hampshire ." met at Exeter on July 21, 
1774. The Colony was drifting rapidly 
toward rebellion. In December about 

200 men descended upon Fort William 
and Mary at New Castle on Great 
Island at the entrance of Piscataqua 

Harbor, overcame the garrison and re- 
moved a quantity of powder, some small 
arms and fifteen light cannon. The 
Second Provincial Congress met in 
January and continued the work of 
separation. 

The Third Provincial Congress, in 
which Kensington was represented by 
Capt. Ezekiel Worthen and Mr. Ben- 
jamin Prescott, began its brief session 
two days after the battle of Lexington. 
The Fourth Provincial Congress met at 
Exeter on May 17, Y/75. Jt consisted 
of 134 delegates, 31 of whom held mili- 
tary titles. Stackpole says "it was a 
remarkably able bod)- of men, wise, pa- 
triotic and as firm as the granite hills 
of their province." 1 To them fell the 
task of preparing New Hampshire for 



offensive and 



1. Stackpole's History of New Hampshire, Vol 

2. Provincial and Slate Papers o] New Hampsh 



ire. 



war — oner sive ana defensive. Captain 
Ezekiel Worthen took a conspicuous 
part in this work, both as a member of 
the Convention, and as one of the lead- 
ers in executing its military measures. 
Early in the session (on May 19th) 
Capt. Worthen was appointed one of a 
committee of thiee to select carriages 
suitable for. the light field cannon then 
In the possession of the provincial au- 
thorities.- His colleagues were Enoch 
Poor and Nicholas Oilman, both men 
of ability and distinction. 

The British frigate, Scarborough, 
commanded by Capt. Barclay, and the 
sloop of war Caneeau, were then 
threatening Portsmouth. They seized 



p. 

Vol. 



THE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 



485 



all inward bound ships, confiscating the 
provisions or. hoard for the use of the 
British. Army, and stopped all fishing 
boats which attempted to leave the har- 
bor. In retaliation they -were refused 
supplies," and shots were exchanged by 
one of their boats and a guard on shore. 
Conditions were critical and an open 
conflict expected. Capt. Barclay began 
to dismantle the Fort in order to pre- 
vent its equipment from falling into the 
hands of the Provincials, and they has- 
tened to add to their scanty supply of 
war material by carrying .away eight 
more camion from the battery at Jerry's 
Point, on the southeast corner of Great 
Island. 

The town of Portsmouth was in 1110- 
mentarv fear of attack, and amonr r 
other defensive measures the Conven- 
tion voted on June 5th to raise a com- 
pany of held artillery, to be equipped 
with the light cannon taken from the 
battery on Great Island. Stackpole 
says, "A company of artillery was raised 
for the defense of Portsmouth and 
cannon were planted on the Parade by 
a skilled engineer. Capt. Ezekiel Wor- 
thefi of Kensington," 3 lire authority 
under which he aeted was doubtless the 
following resolution of the Convention 
adopted on June 7th :— 

"Resolved that the Committee of 
Portsmouth, together with Captain Eze- 
kiel Worthen be desired to provide a 
number of Fascines, and also to pro- 
cure proper Carriages for those Guns 
removed from Jerry's Point; and also 
such other materials as they may think 
necessary for ereeting a Battery to hin- 
der the passage of ships up to the 
Town; and also that they Endeavor (if 
it can be done with secresy and safety) 
to get what shot may be at the Fort at 
New Castle ; and that all these matters 
be done with the utmost secresy the 
Business will allow of, And then de- 
termine upon some suitable place for a 
Battery where the materials when com- 
pleted may suddenly be removed to." 4 

S. Etackpolc's History of New Hampshire, Vol. II. 
4. Pr&iincial and Stale. Papas of New Hampshire, 



'i'h.e Chairman of the Committee of 

Safety of Portsmouth, tire Hon. Hunk- 
ing Wentworth, an uncle of the Royal 
Governor, was then about 79 years of 
age, and his' health had been somewhat 
impaired by epileptic attacks. He was 
a man of high standing and sincere pa- 
triotism. The object of the Convention 
in designating Capt. Worthen to act 
with the Portsmouth Committee was 
evidently to furnish them with an ex- 
pert on military affairs capable not only 
of giving sound advice but of execut- 
ing efficiently such plans as might be 
adopted. Portsmouth was the only sea- 
port of New Hampshire, an important 
town and the point most exposed to at- 
tack. Hence his appointment was a 
high tribute and indicates the esteem in 
which he was held by his colleagues of 
the Provincial Congress. 

Gov. John Wentworth made some dis- 
paraging remarks about tire mental and 
physical qualifications of his venerable 
uncle as a leader of the rebels in arms 
against his government, but the event 
proved him to be no mean antagonist. 
The Governor found his capital an in- 
creasingly uncomfortable place of resi- 
dence, and after a vain attempt to regain 
control of the situation by convening the 
old Assembly (which was, theoretical- 
ly at least, held under authority of the 
Crown), took refuge on the Scarborough 
and sailed for Boston on Aug. 24, 1775. 
Thus ended the last vestige of British 
rule in New Hampshire. 

Meanwhile Capt. Worthen continued 
to discharge his duties, both legislative 
and military. On June 27, he was ap- 
pointed chairman of a committee to fit 
up and send cannon "and proper imple- 
ments for their use" to the army at 
Med ford. The Portsmouth Committee 
had devoted much attention to plans for 
fortifying the harbor, designating a 
sub-committee to make recommenda- 
tions,— doubtless under the advice of 
their military expert. This committee 
on fortifications, prepared tht following 

p. 9.5. 
Vol. VII. p. 50C. 



486 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



report, a copy of which, was transmitted 
to the Convention : 

"In consequence, of a vote of this 
Committee, to us directed, we have 
viewed the various advantageous pieces 
of ground for erecting Fortifications to 
annoy our Enemies from making attacks 
or committing any outrageous Insult up- 
on the Defenseless Capitol of this Prov- 
ince and we do report as follows, viz. 

"1st. That we most humbly conceive 
that an Entrenchment hove up on the 
height of Seavy's Island so called with 
two twenty four Pounders & four or 
six smaller Cannon (filled also with 
musquetry) would greatly Retard the 
progress of any ships of war sailing up 
the River. 

"2dly. That a Battery erected at 
Pierse's Island of light & heavy Cannon 
vvou'd greatly annoy the Enemy's ad- 
vance, if not totally disconcert their In- 
tentions (by carrying away Masts, Rig- 
ging, etc.) 

"3dly. That John Langdon Esqr's 
Island 5 is a most Extraordinary Piece of 
Ground (formd by nature) for a Forti- 
fication that commands the River from 
Henderson's Point so caled and capahle 
of mounting fifty Heavy Cannon and 
vvou'd Inevitably oblige any ship to Re- 
move that would attempt to lye he fore 
the Town. 

4thly. That a Battery of six Pleavy 
Cannon on Church Hill wou'd be of In- 
finite service in cannonading any ships 
of War whatever from Henderson's 
Point up the River and Before the Town. 

Annexed to this is an Inventory of 
Cannon & stores now in the Town — all 
of which we submit to the Superior 
Judgment of the Committee of the Town 
to Represent to the Provincial Congress. 

Portsmouth August 23rd 1775. 
Titus Salter, 
Geo. Turner, 
Robt. Parker, 
Geo. Wextworth, 
Geo. Gains, 

Committee 

6. Now known as Badger's Islaiid. 

6. History of New Hampshire (Jeremy Belknap, 18$ 

7. Provincial and Mate Papers of Kew Hampshire, 



A true copy 

By order of the Committee 
H. Wentworth, Chairman" 

The Provincial Congress acted 
promptly on these recommendations and 
on Aug. 25th, 1775, the very day after 
the Scarborough sailed for Boston, ap- 
pointed Capt. Ezekiel Worthen as en- 
gineer to supervise the erection of the 
fortifications. The resolution adopted 
was as follows : 

"Voted that Captain Ezekiel Worthen 
Proceed Immediately to Portsmouth as 
an Engineer and there Take care & 
have, in conjunction with the Committee 
of safety of Portsmouth the oversight 
& Direction of Laying out & Erecting 
Batterys for the Defence of Piscataqua 
Harbour & get the Guns fixt & mounted 
therein and all other Necessarys for 
compleating the Batterys." 

The Portsmouth Committee was 
thanked for its plans and informed that 
an engineer had been designated and 
other measures taken for their execution. 
Capt. Worthen at once began and vig- 
orously prosecuted the work to which he 
had been assigned. He hired a number 
of master carpenters as foremen, and 
organized volunteer companies 6 of citi- 
zens who gave their services gratis 7 in 
the interests of the public welfare and 
for the protection of their homes. It 
is said that almost, every inhabitant of 
Portsmouth and vicinity took some part 
in this work. Pursuant to the plans "an 
Entrenchment" was "hove up on the 
height of Seavy's Island" near Hender- 
son's Point and was named Fort Sulli- 
van. On the opposite shore of Pierce's 
Island a fortification was erected, which 
was called Fort Washington. These 
forts commanded the main channel of 
the Piscataqua at "The Narrows," where 
it passes between the two islands men- 
tioned, about a mile below Portsmouth. 
The forts were manned by companies 
of coast artillery or "Matrosses" as they 
were then called. The company at Fort 
Washington was commanded by Capt. 

1) Vol. I, P. SCO 

vol. rin. p. es. 



TOE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WARRIOR 



487 



at Fort 
Daniels. 



Titus Salter and the coniprur 
Sullivan by Capt. Eliphalet 
Companies of infantry and at least one 
of field artillery were also posted about 
the harbor and on the islands. 

In the -early part of October the 
Prince George from Bristol, England, 
was seized at the entrance to the har- 
bor by order of Capt. Salter and 1880 
barrels of flour taken, of which 500 were 
kept for the citizens and soldiers at 
Portsmouth and the rest sent to the 



About 



to the fortifications, and many citizens 
secreted or sent away their valuables, 
while some fled into the interior. The 
extent to which Capt, Worthen was 
consulted at this time is indicated by a 
letter from Flunking Wentworth, Chair- 
man of the Portsmouth Committee, to 
the Committee of the Province, dated 
Oct. 5th, and stating that "with the ad- 
vice of Capt. Worthen*' he had order- 
ed the enlistment of an additional com- 
pany to be stationed at the fort on 
Seavy's Island. 

'---. i 

r- 




A Map of Piscataq.ua Harbor Showing the Defenses of Portsmouth at the Time of the 

Revolution 



there was an alarm on account of the 
approach of Capt. Mowatt with three 
armed British ships. The Provincial 
Committee of Safety advised the Ports- 
mouth Committee to lay across the river 
from Pierce's to Seavy's Island a boom 
made of condemned masts secured with 
iron and strong enough to hinder the 
passage of ships. Troops were rushed 

8. Or according to Stackpole, Greet Island. 
slates that the bridge was built from the island 
to say, Pierce's Island.. 



Gen. Sullivan was dispatched in haste 
by Washington to take command. He 
strengthened the forts, had a pontoon 
bridge built from Pierce's Island 8 to the 
mainland and had the boom laid across 
the river as recommended. The boom 
broke, whereupon an old vessel was 
sunk to obstruct the channel, and lire 
ships and rafts were prepared to float 

A letter from Gen. Suilis'an written at the tlrno 
on which Fort Washington wan situated — that In 



m 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



down the fiver upon the appearance or 
the enemy. 

In this emergency it has been said 
that, alter all. Portsmouth owed its 
safety less to warlike preparations and 
hosts -of armed men than to the charms 
of one young lady. A chronicler of the 
town relates how Cant. Mowatt, com- 
mander of the British fleet, landed pri- 
vately at Kittery Point and being enter- 
tained by Col. Nathaniel Sparhawk, a 
prominent loyalist, was so fascinated by 
his beautiful daughter, Mary, 10 that he 
heeded her entreaties to spare the neigh- 
boring town. There may be some basis 
for this romantic tale, but it is not un- 
likely that the discovery of Portsmouth's 
excellent state of preparedness had its 
effect on the Captain's plans. At all 
events he kept on to Falmouth (Port- 
land), a large part of which he laid in 
ruins. 

It appears that Gapt. Worthen must 
have spent a considerable part of his 
time at the forts and with the troops 
about Piscataqua Harbor during the 
months of September, October and 
November, 1775, in the discharge of his 
duties as engineer and military adviser. 
This is indicated by a letter preserved 
in the fourth volume of the Revolution- 
dry War Rolls of New Hampshire, dated 
Fort Washington, Nov. 14, 1775, and 
signed by Capt. Worthen and Capt. 
Salter, the name of the former taking 
precedence fin the order of signature) 
over that of the commander of the garri- 
son. The writers certify that Capt. 
William Cooper of Southampton as- 
sisted at the fort with eleven men during 
the month of September and came again 
with seventeen men "in the late move- 
ment," — perhaps referring to the alarm 
in October due to the expected attack 
by Capt. Mowatt. 11 

The Fourth Provincial Congress came 
to an end on Nov. 15th, having guided 



the affairs of the Province ably during a 
very critical period. The Fifth. Provin- 
cial Congress met at Exeter on Dec. 
21st, and Kensington was again repre- 
sented by Capt. Ezekiel Worthen. This 
body was elected on a basis of represen- 
tation fixed by the preceding Congress 
and adopted a "plan of government" 
said to have been the first written con- 
stitution adopted by any American 
Colony. The plan was approved by 
the people and on Jan. 5th, 1776, the 
Congress resolved itself into the "As- 
sembly of the Colony of New Hamp- 
shire." 

Capt. Worthen was appointed Dec. 
30, 3 775, on a committee directed to 
"repair to New Castle" on Great Island 
at the entrance to the harbor, examine 
the situation and report "what men and 
Cannon" were required there and how 
they should be placed. He was one of 
three members of the House designated 
on Jan. 22, 1776, to contract for the 
building of a "Row Galley" for the use 
of the Colony. On the following day 
he was chosen to. submit to the "Honble 
Board" or upper Flouse for its concur- 
rence, the election of John Langdon 
and Josiah Bartlett as delegates to the 
Continental Congress, one of whom 12 
was soon to immortalize his name by 
signing the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence on behalf of New Hampshire. At 
about this time he also acted as one of 
a committee to consider what "wages" 
should be paid to members of the As- 
sembly. 

On' Jan. 27, 1776, it was "Voted that 
Capt. Ezekiel Worthen be Chief Com- 
mander of the Forces at & near Pis- 
cataqua Harbour, and that he with the 
Soldiers there Erect such Batterys on & 
near Great Island as shall be Necessary 
to prevent the Enemy from landing 
there; and that he receive a Major's 
-Commission and have a Major's pay." 13 



S. Charles W. Brewster in Rambles about Portsm 
10. Mary Pepperell Sparhawk, a granddaughter 
Capt Ezekiel served at nouisr'ourg. She afterwards mai 
13. Pccolutionary War Rolls of New Hampshire, Vol. IV 
12. Bartlett. 
12. Provincial and State Papers of New Hampshire, Vol. Till. p. 6k 



th, p. iS7. 

of Sir William Peppere'.l, in whose army 



ied Dr. 
P. 21. 



Charles Jarvis cf Boston. 



THE STORY OF A KENSINGTON WAR RIO! 



189 



h cioes not appear when his commi-ssion 
as major was issued or how long he 
held the position of commander-in-chief 
at Piscataqua Harbor. He is called 
"Major" by Nathaniel Adams in his 
Ariftats of Portsmouth and In Jeremy 
Belknap in "his History of New Hamp- 
shire and is elsewhere given that title, 
but he seems to have been generally 
known as "Gap-tain" in most of the sub- 
sequent records. 

On the same da}" it was "Voted that 
Capt. Turner be and he hereby is Dis- 
charged from the service of this Colony 
as Captain of a Company of Artillery — 
and that Major Ezekiel Worthen take 
Command of said Company." 1 " 4 George 
Turner of Portsmouth had become cap- 
tain of the Field Artillery Company on 
Nov. 14. 1775, and in December was 
posted at New Castle "with all the field 
pieces under his care to guard and de- 
fend it against landing of enemies." A 
controversy seems to have arisen as to 
the relative rank of Capt. Turner, Capt. 
Titus Salter, commanding the garrison 
of Fort Washington, and Capt. Eiipha- 
let Daniels, of the "Matross" or Coast 
Artillery Company at Fort Sullivan,-— 
the former being disposed to assert au- 
thority over the other two. The ques- 
tion was set at rest by the removal of 
Capt. Turner, the assignment of Major 
Worthen to the command of his com- 
pany and the formal designation of 
Worthen as "Chief Commander" of all 
the troops in that vicinity. 

The importance of Major Worthen's 
work at Piscataqua Harbor as Engineer 
and Commander-in-Chief is indicated by 
a petition of the Assembly of New 
Hampshire to the Continental Congress, 
dated Jan. 27, 1776, in which it was 
stated that at least the sum of 30,030 
pounds had been spent in erecting bat- 
teries, mounting cannon and other de- 
fensive measures, and that 1400 men 
had been under arms at the same time. 
and a greater number would be required 



14. Provincial end Hiote Papers of Sue Hampshire 

15. New Hampshire Vital Record*. His wife cli 

•re citize 



had eleven children, several of whoi 



in future. Moreover large numbers of 
citizens had worked without pa}' on the 
forts and batteries as heretofore related. 

In March, 1776, he served on a com- 
mittee of the House for "officering and 
commissioning" a regiment, and during 
June and July be acted as muster-mas- 
ter and paymaster of several companies. 
He was one. of six coroners for the 
County of Rockingham appointed on 
June 11. 1776 by the Assembly. On 
June 25, it was voted that he, "together 
with one to be appointed by the 
Honble Council" act as a committee to 
purchase material and oversee the build- 
ing of a bridge 14 feet wide from Great 
Island to the mainland, and it was rec- 
ommended that they employ four car- 
penters with as' many of the troops at 
New Castle as required, giving the latter 
''one jii! of rum each, per day, besides 
their wages and rations as soldiers." 

With the year 1776 the service of 
Ezekiel Worthen in the Legislature of 
New Hampshire came to an end. He 
had nearly reached his 67th year, and 
perhaps failing health brought a desire 
to be relieved of the duties to which he 
had so long devoted his time and energy. 
There is no record of his taking part 
in any public affairs during the year 
1777. but in 1778 his name again ap- 
pears in the town books of Kensington. 
On Feb. 9th. he was named on a com- 
mittee to instruct the representative of 
the town what action to take on the 
proposed "Articles of Confederation and 
Perpetual Union of the United States 
of America." The committee approved 
the Articles, with one or two minor ex- 
ceptions. 

He was chosen to represent Kensing- 
ton in the Constitutional Convention 
held at Concord, June 10, 1778. This 
body drafted a proposed constitution 
for the State, which was not, however, 
ratified by the popular vote. 

At a town meeting held on Aug. 16, 
1779, he was elected a delegate to the 

, Vol. VIII. p. 67. 

•d on June 24th of the preceding year. They 

is of exceptional ability and usefulness. 



490 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Convention about to meet at Concord 
on the 22nd oi" September to regulate 
prices, with a view to checking the de- 
preciation of the' currency. 

Another Constitutional Convention 
met on June 5, 1781, and after several 
attempts succeeded in framing a Con- 
stitution acceptable to the people. Ken- 
sington sent no representative, but Eze- 
kiel Worthen served on the committee 
chosen by the town to examine and re- 
port upon the first draft submitted. The 
date of his election was Dec. 17, 1781. 
This was the last appearance of the ven- 
erable patriot [in connection with any 

16. The writer of this sketch cannot claim 
his lino from Samuel Worthen oi Weare, a 
Ezekiel's cousin, Samuel Worthen of Ilainpstcaa. 



public matter. He was gathered to his 
fathers on the 17th day of September 
17S3. 1 '' lie had witnessed the passing 
of New Hampshire through many perils 
and vicissitudes (in which he personally 
played an important part) and had lived 
to see her take her place as a sovereign 
state. He may justly be reckoned 
among the founders of the Common- 
wealth; and members of his family, 10 to 
the most remote generations, may well 
contemplate with pride the life, charac- 
ter and achievements of Ala j or Ezekiel 
Worthen of Kensington. 



Major Ezekiel Worthen as an ancestor, but traces 
Revolutionary soldier, who was a, son of ilajor 



WHY A TRAVELING DENTAL CLINIC? 

An Important Branch of Health Work 

By Daisy Deane Williamson 



QURVEYS of rural school children 
L ~% show that from 95 to 100 per cent 
of them have dental defects that 
need immediate attention. In many 
New Hampshire communities there is 
no resident dentist ; in many others there 
is no dentist within a radius of fifteen 
or twenty miles ; and in some places a 
dentist is even farther away. 

Parents, as a rule, are not wilfully 
negligent in having their children's 
teeth cared for, but the inconvenience 
of getting to a dentist is responsible 
mainly for the existing condition. This 
difficulty is being overcome in New 
Hampshire by the operation of travel- 
ing dental clinics. 

In 1921 under the leadership of the 
Home Demonstration Agent, four towns 
in Hillsborough County united in estab- 
lishing such a clinic. Various sums of 
money jfrom these communities, from 
local organizations, and from individ- 
uals were donated toward the purchase 
of the equipment necessary. Some in- 
struments, owned by a local Red Cross 
Chapter, were loaned for the use of the 



county. The general management of 
the clinic was in the hands of a Farm 
Bureau Committee, but when in opera- 
tion in a town a local committee was 
responsible for its management while 
there. 

The dentist was paid a salary. Each 
child paid for its work at a flat rate of 
two dollars per hour. Some local or- 
ganization took care of the expenses of 
children who could not afford to pay. 
Any deficit on the salary of the dentist 
or his assistant was borne by the com- 
munity. 

The clinic was held in school houses 
or such other buildings as the local com- 
mittees decided upon, and time from the 
children's school hours was granted by 
the school authorities to have the dental 
work done. 

The work in the four communities 
was a piece of demonstration work to 
prove to the rest of the county the value 
of traveling dental clinics. The results 
were so gratifying to parents, school au- 
thorities, and other citizens, that three 
other towns became interested. A re- 



WHY A TRAVELING DENTAL CLINIC: 



491 



port of the work done in these seven 
towns at the end of the year showed dial 
the dentist had worked 120] ■> days and 
had taken care of 'the teeth of 754" chil- 
dren. 

In this same county 12 towns this 
vear used the clinic. The- dentist worked 
106 days. He examined 626 children 
and treated 494, putting in 1284 fillings 
and extracting 418 bad teeth. 

It is interesting- 10 note that towns 
that have used the clinic continue to use 
it each succeeding year. 

Last vear Rockingham Cour.tv Farm 



manerit clinic in the county during this 
year. 

Belknap Comity Farm Bureau has 
been ' working on the project for the 
past few months and expects to have its 
clinic in operation October 1. 

Educational campaigns are being con- 
ducted along with the operative, proced- 
ures by the dentists and teachers. Tooth- 
brush drills, charts, and lectures help to 
instill correct hygienic principles, and to 
create a desire for and pride in "clean 
mouths." 

The Extension Service of the Uni- 



f 






Dental Clinic — Hilisboro County 



Bureau started its dental clinic work. 
Four towns have made use of the clinic, 
and several others are ready for it this 
year. 

One town in Cheshire County rented 
one of the county equipments last year 
and under the auspices of the Red Cross 
put on a piece of demonstration work. 

Two communities in Grafton County 
this year carried on a similar demon- 
stration under the management of in- 
terested citizens. One town reported 
that of the 64 children who were found 
needing dental care, 60 had the work 
done. Plans are being made to raise 
funds for the establishment of a per- 



versity of New Hampshire is trying to 
arouse state-wide interest in this project. 
The school authorities, teachers, and 
nurses everywhere have been much in- 
terested and co-operative. Dentists and 
physicians have helped to create a realiz- 
ation of the needs of such work. Sure- 
ly with all health agencies helping with 
the education of the public as to the 
benefits to be derived from having the 
teeth properly cared for, it will be but a 
short time until every county will have 
its traveling dental clinic, and every 
community,- however remote it may be 
from town centers, may get the service 
which it should have. 



THE WO'THLESS FELLER 

By William M. Stuart 



4?^ 





A mowing 


mach 


ine rusti 


tig in 


the Held. 


A farmer al 


ways 


a ' 


'little behind 


on hi 


s work.' 


" The 


se are fai 


niliar 


sights, 


even 


in 


thrifty New 


Han 


ipshire. 














If the situation contains a 


challeng 


e for 


you, 


read 


tin 


s story. 

















great fear was upon Mose Dur- 
yea. He shook with appre- 
hension and his heart felt as 
though it were being clutched by the 
hand of a dead man. He stole to the 
window of his darkened bedroom, 
raised the shade and gazed out upon 
the ominous signs of nature in wrath. 
A coppery gloom had spread over the 
land. Ta<?eed forks of lightning 
played above the hills to the west and 
the silvery linings of the beech leaves 
of the windbreak, which, protected 
the farmhouse, were gleaming through 
the murk like elves' eyes. 

Then there came a particularly 
vivid blaze followed by a rending 
crash as though a super-dreadnaught 
had fired a broadside at the house. 
With a groan of abject fear Mose 
sank to his knees by the window, me- 
chanically pulling down the shade as 
he did so. Then he crept into his 
City of Refuge — the space between 
his bed and the floor immediately 
under. He had heard that lightning 
would never strike a feather bed, and 
this gave him some degree of solace. 
We say Mose crept into his City of 
Refuge. Ii would be more accurate 
to say he attempted to creep. For 
the space which ottered him sanctuary 
was so limited that he stuck fast like 
a rat which tries to force its body 
into a mouse hole. He dug his toes 
into ine rag carpet and shoved wth 
all his might. The bed shook under 
the pressure and two of its legs ac- 
tually rose from the floor. The strug- 
gle seemed doubtful until another 



appalling crash of thunder so rilled 
the agonized farmer with spasmodic 
strength that he suddenly completed 
the feat, which in some ways paral- 
leled the efforts of a camel to enter 
the eye of a needle- 
Perhaps it would have been highly 
amusing to an onlooker to observe the 
struggles of Mose; but it is more 
probable that scorn rather than mirth 
would have been provoked. For a 
fulkgrown, healthy man of pure An- 
glo-Saxon lineage, and the father of 
a numerous family, to thus forget his 
manhood and enact the part of a 
craven, would, in the average man, 
arouse a feeling of disgust. 

However, it is but justice to Mose 
to state that under no other circum- 
stances would he have thus exerted 
himself. Fie was unalterably op- 
posed to violent, or even moderate, 
exertion, and nothing but the driving 
force of fear could compel him to 
labor so strenuously as he had just 
done. 

As the storm of hail, wind and a 
deluge of water swooped down from 
the hills, Mose cowered in his secret 
place and trembled at every groan 
that came from the timbers of his 
rickety house. Crash followed crash 
and the drumming of the hail on the 
window-panes merged into a steady 
roar. 

Mose cowered, prespired and 
prayed. 

"Mose, one of them colts is ketched 
in the barber-wire fence!" 

It was the high-pitched and ex- 



THE WORTHLESS FELLER 



493 



cited voice of Sairy., 
pieixed the clammy 



broken only by 



his wife, that 
consciousness 
of Duryea. 

Followed a silen 
the roaring' of the storm. 

"He'll cut his laigs all to pieces in 
a lew minutes if he ain't got out,'" in- 
sisted the voice, ^What'll II do? 
Try to call Digby on the phone?'' 

As the words of Sail'}- finally be- 
come intelligible, to the demoralized 
understanding of Mose, he shook 
anew with apprehension. One of the 
incomparable blacks caught in the 
barbed -wire and in danger of being 
ruined! Unthinkable! Why did 
things all have to happen at once? 
If he only dared go out into the 
storm, he could soon rescue the ani- 
mal. But the lightning — if he ven- 
tured forth he would surely be smit- 
ten by a bolt. And it would be ter- 
rible to die thus. 

"I'd never know what struck me," 
groaned Mose aloud. There'd jist be 
a turribul flash n then I'd be a goner 
n the next thing I knowed I wouldn't 
know nothin'." 

"Well?"' persisted Sairy. 

"Oh, let me be a minit, Sairy. Let 
me think." 

Sairy could never get Digby on the 
'phone, for the line was doubtless out 
of commission. It was probably dis- 
connected on account of the storm. 
Anyhow, Digby would refuse to come 
out into this cyclone. 

"Oh, Lord!" moaned Duryea, "that 
poor colt's sawin' his legs off on that 
eon-demned wire. What'll I do? 
I'm feared I've rot to risk it. They 
ain't no other way. Oh, Lord!" 

"Well?" reiterated Sairy with glow- 
ing impatience. "Ain't you goin' to 
say nothin' a tall — so's I can hear 
you? All I kin make out is them 
terrible groans of yourn. Why don't 
you tell me what to do? If you can't 
git your thinkin' cap on I suppose I'll 
have to go out and see what I kin 
do with the colt. But, Mose, if I was 

you, I'd ." 



"Sairy, I — I'm comin'," quavered 
Mose. 

Under the bed a tremendous strug- 
gle, both physical and emotional, 
was in progress. The bed seemed all 
oi a sudden to become animated. It 
rocked and careened, advanced a 
space from the wall and, indeed ap- 
peared to be advancing toward .Sairy, 
who stood in the door waiting for 
Mose to further elucidate his inten- 
tions. That he had any idea of going 
out into the storm was, of course, not 
to be entertained by Sairy. She had 
lived with Mose for a great many 
years, comparatively speaking, and 
she had yet to observe him give any 
indication of having the slisfhest e r rain 
of physical courage. His energy 
and his courage were both on a par — 
they were negligible quantities. 

The legs of the bed beat the floor 
and with a final lurch Mose emerged, 
sprang to his feet and rushed for the 
kitchen. Rapidly he donned a long 
overcoat and tore bareheaded out into 
the storm. 

Sure enough, there was one of the 
prized blacks caught in the strands 
of the wire fence which separated 
the horse pasture from the orchard. 
Bending before the storm and quiv- 
ering at every burst of thunder, Dur- 
yea ran to his favorite animal and 
tugged at its leg. Fear added to his 
great strength. It was the work of 
but a few moments to release the 
colt and lead it to the stable. 

Then Mose rushed for the house as 
though all the demons of Hades were 
at his heels. As lie burst into the 
kitchen, Sairy met him with a. strange 
look in her eyes. 

"Here, Mose," she murmured 
softly, "come right up to the fire and 
dry yourself. I declare, you're as 
wet as a drowned rat. I declare, 
I—." 

But Mose frantically removed his 
coat, threw it into a corner and made 
once more for the bedroom. 

"Stoves are dangerous in thunder- 



-!0- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



storms/' he gasped. "Lightnin' 
comes down the chimbley." 

Saying which, he attained the 
sanctuary of the feather bed and 
trembled in his wet garments until 
after the storm had passed and the 
sun shone once more. Then he 
emerged from under the bed, lighted 
his pipe and adjourned to the front 
porch where he seated himself com- 
fortably in the Boston rocker and 
sighed with relief. 

"Guess we're ruined/' called a 
neighbor who drove by. ''Crops all 
gone. Your field of clover -down on 
the lower place is as flat as a pan- 
cake." 

"Oh, I guess we'll pull through 
somehow," answered Mose as he con- 
tentedly puffed away on his pipe. "I 
calculate I'll go down and cut that 
cover termorrer afternoon — if it dries 
off. It'll be all right if it's cut right 
away. Wa'n't figgerin' on! startin' 
hayin' jist yit, but guess I'll have to 
now." 

"You don't let nothin' bother you, 
do you, Mose?" observed the neigh- 
bor as he clucked to his horse. "Even 
work don't keep you awake nights, 
does it? You kin lay right down an' 
go to sleep alongside o' work. Git 
dap!" 

The fact that Mose was known 
throughout the neighborhood as a 
coward, militated not one whit 
against his peace of mind. He had 
been insulted so often that he had 
grown ease-hardened. And the neigh- 
borhood, trusting in physical might 
as the arbiter of points of honor, had 
learned that it might safely east the 
other weaknesses of Mose in his teeth 
without fear of redress. •• He wa.s, 
therefore, subjected to contumely by 
those in the vicinity who considered 
the Marquis of Queensbury as a 
patron saint. 

After smoking several pipefuls in 
succession and cogitating on nothing 
in particular, Mose leisurely arose 
and sauntered out to the field near the 



barn to repair his, mowing-machine 
in preparation for the morrow's labor. 
According to his wont, he hed left the 
mower where lie had unhitched from 
it the previous summer. 

Having ''tinkered," as he called it, 
the machine into a condition where it 
would function — more or less — he cast 
himself down on the pleasant green- 
sward in the shade of a tree. Care- 
less of the still damp grass, he lighted 
his pipe and proceeded to drink deep- 
ly of contentment. The amount of 
thinking that he did was negligible, 
since it required effort to think. 

"Mose !" The voice conveyed men- 
ace. 

Mose started to rise, but changed 
his mind. He merely switched around 
and reclined on his elbow while fac- 
ing his neighbor, Robert Digby, who 
was leaning over the line fence and 
glowering at him unpleasantly. 

"Mose, this is Thursday, the thir- 
teenth, ain't it?" 

"I calc'late 'tis, Rob." 

"An' Saturday' — day after termor- 
rer — is the fifteenth, ain't it?" 

"I reckon so, Rob." 

"Coin' to pay that note, all right, 
be yuh?" 

"I don't see how I kin jist now, 
Rob. You see, I ain't started hayin' 
yit, hem' as how it's so hot. I cal- 
culated to have some cut before this 
and sold to Ike Johnson. He's buy- 
ing clover, you know." 

"Too hot to work, eh?" 

"Well, fer a man of my build it 
ain't safe to expose myself too much. 
•Heered of a feller once what was sun- 
struck 'n ." 

"Mose, what did I lend you that 
fifty dollars fer?" 

"Why, to buy grass seed with, of 
course." 

"Did you sow it?" 

"Why, no, Rob. You see the sea- 
son was so cold an' wet 'n all that, 
that I jist didn't git 'round to sow it." 

"Got it yit?" 

"Well, not precicively — all of it. 



THE WO'THLESS FELLER 495 

You sec, the dumb rats got n arid et a "I'm going to stay and play with 

heap of it. Then the root leaked hi Ruth awhile," she called as she 

a lot of it growed. I fed some to the ducked under the fence and sped to 

chickens, 'n the children got in 'n lost Duryea's seven-year-old girl, who, as 

a lot of it playin'." usual, was near her dad. Well Polly 

"How be you a goln to pay that knew that the quarrels of the parents 

note a tall, Mose?" would not be visited upon the heads 

"Oh, I don't know, Rob. Guess I'll of the. children. 

pull through somehow/'' While Robert Digby was the po.s- 

Digby waxed exceeding wroth. sessor of much land, red barns and 

"Look here, Mose Duryea!" he fat kine, he had but the one child, 

shouted as he waved his lists in the and her he loved not wisely but too 

air, "by the Lord Harry, if you don't well. She was permitted to follow 

pay that note by Saturday night, I'll her own sweet will in nearly every- 

sue you an' g'A a judgment! Do you thing; for the quick-tempered, hut 

hear me?" kindly, farmer could lk>1 bear the 

All hi.s life Mose had been a paci- thought of his daughter enduring 

fist. He was a firm believer in the pain. 

doctrine that a soft answer turneth The girls played around the orchard 

away sass. Also Digby had been for a time, then ran to the house for 

known to use his lists effectively on cookies, leaving Mose still reclining 

occasion. So Mose merely answered on the ground in the shade of the 

quietly: tree.' In all his life he had never 

"I'calc'late I do, Rob." come so near worrying as at this 

"I'll put a 'tachment on that span time. Lose his team? Never! lie 

of colts of yourn," bellowed Digby. would work lirst. 

"Guess that's the only thing what Speaking in general terms, the 

ain't 'tached, ain't it?" world of humans, like ancient Gaul, is 

The heart of Mose sank within him. divided into three parts. 

Next to his children he loved his The first comprises those to whom 

team. They were as the apple of ids the ten talents of ability have been 

eye and constituted the dug thing he g.veu, but who lack the ambition to 

really enthused over. Fine, prancing use them. The second is composed 

blacks, better fed than his wife, free of those with' a surplus of energy, 

from chattel mortgage, young and who feel the call of high endeavor; 

handsome — how could lie part with but when they attempt to go forth 

them? and conquer the}' find to their dis- 

" 'Bout the only thing what ain't may that they are one-talent men, or 

'tached," reiterated Digby, "except men with no talent at all. The third 

mebby yer farnbly. You big, lazy, part consists of those who have 

wo'thless feller! Why don"t you git neither ability nor ambition. 

out and work like the rest of us has True, there is a fourth iniinitesi- 

to? But you remember now — I'll sue mal part — rather too small to be con- 

you Saturday night 'nless that note's sidered — made up of those who have 

paid. *N Til take yer team." . both the ambition to do and the abil- 

"Come on, Polly," he said to his ity to perform. When we find such 

eight-year-old daughter who had ac- an one, we dub him "Genius." 

companied him, "let's go now 'fore 1 Mose Duryea belonged to the third 

git mad." classification. When at extremely 

But Polly, who could twist her rare intervals he did hear a faint, call 

irascible parent about her finger, and to action and attempted to respond, 

knew it, did not choose to go. the result was about as effective as a 



496 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



dime squawker competing" with the 
Smithville Cornet Band at the count}' 
fair. 

In the South Mose's condition 
would probably have been attributed 
to the hookworm, hut in the neigh- 
borhood of the farm which he en- 
cumbered the parasite aforesaid had 
not been heard of and the farmer's 
disinclination to work had no legiti- 
mate excuse. 

He had inherited the farm free of 
incumbrance. But since the regime 
of Mose it had been fairly well cov- 
ered with mortgages, judgments. 
weeds and other nuisances. The. 
buildings had been allowed to de- 
teriorate, half the plow land needed 
breaking up, and the refuse from the 
stable had been permitted to bank 
midway to the top of the horse barn, 
raising doubts in the minds of the 
neighbors as to whether it would be 
the more, practicable to move the. barn 
or its by-product. Duryea did not 
keep many cows. He said a dairy 
made too much work. 

When Mose wrought at all it was 
from the combined pressure of stern 
necessity and Mrs. Duryea. Unlike 
the builders of old, he was totally in- 
different as to whether the seen part 
was wrought with any care whatever. 
Weeds and brush filled the corners of 
his tumble-down fences, his farm ma- 
chinery was parked in every field, 
and piles of boards, obolete equipment 
and debris of all kinds littered both 
the barnyard and the alleged lawn of 
his residence. But he did not wor- 
ry. His invariable reply to his neigh- 
bors who complained about the times, 
politics, the preacher, the weather or 
the turpitude of the administration, 
was: "Oh, I guess we'll pull through 
somehow." 

The personal appearance of Mose 
Duryea was such as to command in- 
stant attention. At first glance the 
casual observer might rashly con- 



clude that the rubicund farmer had 
swallowed a lamberquin and allowed 
the tassels to protrude. However, 
this was merely his straw-colored 
mustache -which lie wore a la Viking. 
Also it was. entirely obvious that lie 



was a devotee 



Mv Lady Nicotine. 



His girth was generous and indi- 
cated that both his appetite and his 
digestion were in good working con- 
dition. His usual habiliment gave 
proof that either lie or Mrs. Duryea — 
presumably the latter — was careless 
in the matter of interpreting Matthew 
9, 16 v. His coat, if not of many 
colors, was at least of many shades 
of one color. 

In the matter of shoes, Mose was 
not fastidious. Sometimes they were 
mates; at other times not. They were 
kept from falling from his feet by the 
simple expedient of the liberal use of 
bag strings and binder twine. The 
soles were so thin that when he by 
chance stepped on a dime he could 
easily detect whether heads or tails 
were up. 

His seventy-four inches of stature 
were crowned by an antique straw 
hat, which, both for purposes of ven- 
tilation and to provide egress for an 
obstreperous tuft of reddish hair, 
had parted with a considerable por- 
tion of its crown. 

He was forty years of age, the hus- 
band of one discontented, over- 
worked wife and the father of six 
healthy, contented children. 

After due consideration of all the 
facts bearing on and appertaining to 
the case, the concensus of opinion 
among the adults of the neighborhood 
was to the effect that Mose Duryea 
was a "wo'thless feller." And from 
reasons before given, they hesitate 
not to tell him so when opportunity 
served. 

With this verdict the children did 
not agree. 

To be continued next montli 



IV 






Watch your step! 



LOG-DRIVING ON TEE CONNECTICUT 

An Industry of tlie Past 
By Alexander D. Gibson 



A 



historian, writing a history of Ver- 
mont in 190?, lias this to say of 
the Connecticut River: "Its chief 
commercial use is to float logs from the 
upper portion of its valley to the manu- 
facturing towns below." Now, sixteen 
years later, log-driving on the Connecti- 
cut is a thing of the past, for a log- 
drive has not been seen on the Connecti- 
cut for eight years, and it is very ques- 
tionable if that method of transportation 
will ever be resumed. 

In the halcyon days of the Connecti- 
cut Valley Lumber Company, beginning 
m 1869, the spring tog-drive was an an- 
imal event on the river. Owning enor- 
mous timber-holdings on the headwaters 
of the Connecticut in New Hampshire, 
the Connecticut Valley Lumber Com- 
pany and its predecessors chose the river 
as a means of transportation for the 
huge quantities of logs which were cut 
every winter to fill the orders of the saw 
mills at Holyoke and Mount Tom in 
Massachusetts. 



The headquarters of the Connecticut 
Valley Lumber Company are found in 
the extreme northern part of New 
Hampshire where, in the heart of a re- 
mote and solitary region, lie the so-called 
Connecticut Lakes, four in number. 
Formerly, forests of extensive virgin 
evergreen timber surrounded these lakes, 
and extended for miles into the interior. 
Forty-five years of lumbering have strip- 
ped the lake region of its first growth of 
timber, and no longer does the Connecti- 
cut Valley Lumber Company, or the "C. 
V. L.," as it is familiarly known to the 
valley dwellers, find it profitable to use 
the Connecticut for the transportation of 
its yearly cutting of timber to the 
market. 

It is eight years, at least, since the last 
fifty or seventy-five million feet of tim- 
ber were cut in northern New Hamp- 
shire and driven down the river to the 
large saw mills at Mount Tom, near 
Northampton. But those whose good 
fortune it was to witness one of the log- 



4VS 



FE GRANITE MON 



drives in operation will never forget it- — 
and perhaps some day a historian will 
write an epic story of lag^drrvmg on the 
Connecticut, and of the . hundreds of 
hardy, adventurous rivernien who played 
their parts in such a romantic drama of 
action, resourcefulness, and danger. 

It is my good fortune to know a man 
who worked as overman on the Con- 
necticut for forty years, starting work 
in 1873 as an 'employee of the firm of 
Bowman, Estahrook, and Barker. He 
states that the first log-drive was made 
in 1869, and., thereafter until 1915, the 
log-drive was an annual spring event. 

The winter headquarters of the log- 
ging firms were at the little town of 
West Srewartson in northern New 
Hampshire, some fifteen miles from the 
Connecticut Lakes. Here lived tire lum- 
ber kings of the North, such men as 
Bowman, Estabrook, Wan Dyke, and 
MerriJi, men whose fortunes were reck- 
oned in terms of millions, and whose in- 
fluence was so great as to make them 
real dictators of the North. Late in the 
fall, and throughout the long winter the 
woodsmen were busily engaged in the 
forests about the lakes, cutting the logs, 



and hauling them to the river banks 
where they were piled in readiness fo; 
the break-up of the ice and the rise of 
the spring freshets. 

In addition to getting the logs to the 
river, many other preparations had to be 
made. Hundreds of men, scores of 
draft horses and wagons, tons of pro- 
visions, and great supplies of axes, 
peavies. tents, etc.. were assembled at 
the head of the river where the drive 
was to commence. 

As soon as the river was clear of ice, 
the logs were rolled into the river, and 
started on their two hundred and fifty 
mile journey to the saw mills below 
Northampton. At the start of the drive 
the small army of five hundred men was 
split into two sections, one, the larger, 
accompanying the main body of the logs, 
and the other, or "rear drive, " following 
at some distance for the purpose of set- 
ting free the logs which had strayed into 
shallow water, or which had grounded 
upon ledges or sand-bars. 

The men who made up these two 
gangs were hardy resourceful chaps who 
had spent the greater part of their lives 
in the woods and on the river. Rough 



. 




-.-.. .. .;-,._ J 



The Tractor will not supplant the horse here. 



LOG DRIVING ON 1 li 



CO* 



i:j- 



499 



Usfc .- 



Fallen Mbnarchs 



:. ~I^SSlk. J 



in manner and speech, they loved hard 
work, and openly counted and accepted 
danger as a pari of their task. The. "law 
of the strong arm" ruled the camps of 
the mermen, and "free-for-alls" were 
frequent among them. The money 
which they received for the spring's 
work was frequently squandered as soon 
as the drive reached the mill city, its 
destination. 

Their dress was hoth picturesque and 
practical, consisting of heavy spiked 
boots, corduroy trousers tucked in their 
boots, heavy flannel shirts, brown-broad- 
brimmed felt hats, and often gaily-col- 
ored kerchiefs about their necks. 

The implements used by the rivcrmen 
were the peavey and the pike-pole. The 
former consists of a sharp metal lever 
mounted on the lower end of a heavy 
wooden handle, and fitted with a mov- 
able hook. The peavey is used in roll- 
ing logs, while the pike-pole, a long pole 
with a sharp metal point serves to push 
or guide the logs about in the water. 

Long boats, propelled by oars and pad- 
dles, and carrying four men, were fre- 
quently used in the quiet stretches of the 
river for such a purpose as stretching 
boom logs across the river. Ordinarily, 
the men found their way about the river 
by "riding" the logs, balancing them- 
selves on the floating giants with a 



peavey. and keeping 
their foot-holds se- 
cure by moans of 
well-eq nipped or 
spiked shoes. 

The first i\\ty miles 
of the trip down the 
Connecticut w e r e 

usually uneventful lie- 
cause the river runs 
slowly and quietly 
over a comparatively 
smooth river bed. 

Accompanying the 
river gangs was the 
commissary depart- 
ment which was 
moved in large four- 



horse vans for 
journey, followin 



the first part of the 
I along the river bank. 
All cooking was done over portable 
ranges, or sometimes over an open fire. 
The cook knew his business, and the 
food which he supplied was both sub- 
stantial and palatable. 

Scores of tents provided sleeping 
quarters for the men. The tents and 
the other supplies were carried in the 
vans, and were protected from the 
weather by sheets of canvas which were 
stretched over the loads. 

Beginning at Dalton, New Hamp- 
shire, there is a stretch of nearly twenty 
miles, known as the Fifteen Miles Falls, 
which extends to East Barnet, Vermont, 
in whichi the river falls three hundred 
and seventy feet. . The descent is marked 
by a succession of rapids where the river 
boils and tosses over a boulder-strewn 
bed. No other stretch of the river pre- 
sented so much opposition to the passage 
of the logs as did this one. Here the 
work of the river-drivers was full of con- 
stant action and danger. A full log might 
be caught in a rift or between two boul- 
ders so that those logs immediately be- 
hind it were also caught and held there 
by the pressure of the swift current. In 
no time, hundreds of logs would be piled 
up, and the main current obstructed. 
This resulted in the formation of what 



. 



500 



GRANITE MO a 



was known as a jam, and it was the task 
of the men to pry loose with their peavies 

and pike-poles the key-log. 

The pressure of the rapid current was 
such that the logs would crash and 
careen against each other, keeping the 
entire .surface of logs in constant mo- 
tion. Now and then the. tension was so 
great as to send logs hurtling through 
the air as though shot from a catapult. 
When one considers the dangers in which 
the men found themselves as the}- clam- 
bered over the grinding logs, now jump- 
ing an open stretch of water, it is sur- 
prising that fatalities were not more 
common. Those who have watched a 
gang of experienced rivermen at work 
on such a jam will never forget the ease 
and complete confidence with which 
these men performed seemingly impos- 
sible feats of balance as they ran and 
jumped over' the tossing logs. Once the 
key-log was freed, the hardest part of 
the work was over, for the logs were 
swept forward by the current, while the 
men, each riding one of the forest 
giants, kept them from bunching up. 
When a jam could not be broken up in 
the above manner, dynamite was pressed 
into service, and with a mighty roar logs 
and sheets of spray shot into the air. 
That work of this sort was dangerous 
is shown by the fact 
that in one year alone, H~ 
thirteen river- drivers 
lost their lives, the 
rapids of the Connec- 
ticut and the perils of 
the log jams causing 
the fatalities. | 

Once below the 
Fifteen Mile Falls, 
the river, swelled by 
its tributary, the Pas- f 
sumpsic, offered few 
natural obstructions 
to the log drive, with 
the exception of short 
stretches of rapids at 
Mclndoes, Bellows 



Falls, and Vernon. However, there are 
numerous dams, and these presented a 
problem which the rivermen solved with 
considerable inguenity and skill. 

I shall take the dam at Mclndoes as 
a typical one. and show how the logs 
were floated past this obstruction. Mid- 
way of the four hundred and fifty foot 
dam is a sluice or gap, some twenty feet 
in width, dividing the dam neatly into 
two sections. Starting at a point a 
quarter-mile above the dam, the men. 
making use of piles driven into the river 
bed, stretched two hues of logs con- 
nected by short chains. These two lines, 
known as booms, formed a channel in 
the middle of the river, leading directly 
to the sluice. Some distance above the 
channel booms, and at a narrow point in 
the river, were placed other heavy boom 
logs which stretched across the river 
from bank to bank. The main body of 
logs was thus held in the wide channel 
above the booms, and, when conditions 
were favorable, the center section of the 
boom was opened, thus releasing a part 
again. The logs thus released were guided 
into the channel and floated through the 
sluice-way to the quiet water below the 
dam. The process was repeated until 
the entire drive was past the ob- 
struction. 









■-. - ... - 



: J 



Drifting 



LOG DRIVING OX THE CONNECTICUT 



501 



No delicate appetite 



At Mclndoes half 01 the five hundred 
men were dismissed, as their services 
were no longer needed in the more quiet 
stretches of water below. At Wells 
River large rafts were constructed for 
the transportation of the horses and pro- 
visions. These rafts were propelled by 
oars and long poles or sweeps. 

Late in June the head of the drive 
would reach Mount Tom, nearly three 
months after the departure from the 
headwaters of the river. At Mount 
Torn the logs were held by enormous 



booms until the saw mills were ready 
for them. The men were paid off af- 
ter having been instructed when and 
where to report for the next year's drive. 
Certain trusted men were given the work 
of driving the horses back to the woods. 
Thus ended a year's log-drive. Now, 
such an event is only a memory, but a 
cherished memory to those who love ac- 
tion on a big scale, and who admired in 
the rough men of the North certain 
qualities of daring, resourcefulness, and 
devotion to hard work. 



i ..^-. .- ■ 



All Clear at Last 



Sb'J- 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



1 



lEOPLE in New Hampshire will be 
glad to know of the book, ''Poems 
of New Jersey" because it is the 
result of the planning and preparation 
of Eugene R. Musgrove, a New Hamp- 
shire man, some of whose own work 
has been published in ''The Granite 
Monthly," and whose anthology of 
White Mountain Poetry is familiar to 
many. Mr. Musgrove is now Head of 
the Department of English in a high 
school in Newark. New Jersey, and has 
gathered for the people of that state a 
splendid eolleetion of poetry. 

There are nearly three hundred poems 
about nature, the Jersey shore, the Rev- 
olution, cities and towns, buildings and 
monuments, and heroes of war and 
peace. These subjects are dealt with 
by such well-known and loved poets as 
Bryant, Cooper, Irving, Longfellow, 
Lowell, Noyes, Van Dyke, Whitman, 
and Whittter. The contributions of 
Christopher Morley, Sara Teasdale, 



Conducted by Vivian Savacool. 

Poems of New Jersey 

By Eugene R. Mi; so rove 

3 ercy MaeKaye, and Louis Untermeyer 
ire interesting as comparisons with the 



work of the older poets, showing the 
new methods and subjects which poets 
are developing and using to express 
their visions. The romance and bravery 
of the State' history are glowingly told 
by the poets of the past, while the pride 
and hope of the present are the subjects 
of the younger writers. "Edison*' by 
MaeKaye, "The Engineer" by Christo- 
pher Morley. and "The Builders" by 
Berton Braley are products of the imagi- 
nations which see beauty, song, and 
poetry in what to many are sordid and 
material tilings. 

In addition to the masterpieces of 
genius, there are the poems of many 
whose love for their State lias produced 
a sincere and oftentimes beautiful 
tribute to her greatness. "Poems of 
New Jersey" would be a wise and in- 
teresting addition to any library. 
(The Gregg Publishing Co.) 



NOTPIER smaller book of poems 
has jitst been published whose par- 
ticular interest to New Hampshire lies 
not alone, in its author but in the sub- 
ject itself. "Portsmouth and Other 
Poems" is the name of a volume of 
thirty-nine poem^ dedicated by Mr. 
Woodbury to the poets of Portsmouth, 
several of whom are honored individual- 
ly by poems in the book. 

"Portsmouth" is a long poem written 
in vers libre, a method well-suited to 
the thoughts and fancies of the poem, 
the idea of which is best summed up in 
the quotation, "For Spirits when they 
please can either sex assume or both." 
The "Other Poems" of the title are 
shorter. Out of the thirty-nine poems 
all but ten are sonnets, well-organized 



Portsmouth and Other Poems" 

By Benjamin Collins ^Woodeupa" 

and clear in thought. Following the 
dedication is a song of rejoicing pour- 
ing out the mirth and laughter of those 
who took part in Portsmouth's Tercen- 
tenary Celebration. The remainder of 
the poems sing either of the beauties of 
nature or recall wistfully "a lost an- 



tiquity 



such poems as 



"East India 



Trade/' "Brown Study," "The Isle of 
Shoals," "April," and '"The Sea Gull," 
while "Tut Auk h-Amen", "Musagetes," 
and others add charm by a variation of 
thought. 

Those who have read some of these 
poems in The Granite Monthly will be 
glad to know that they may possess 
these and others in the more convenient 
form of a book. 

(Press of Geo. H. Ellis Co.) 



• 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 



f\ VR summer guests are leaving: 
I us. Just at a time when the cool- 
ing air of autumn is sweeping- the 
haze from the summits of our mountain 
[ieaks, leaving them sharp and blue and 
clear; when our hillsides are bursting 
into all the color of a spectrum ; in 
ihort, just at the best and most beauti- 
ful time of the year, they are returning 
to the schools, offices and society of far- 
away cities. 

As they greet old friends and mingle 
with business colleagues and associate?", 
they will doubtless exhibit their coats 
of tan. boast of the added, or subtracted 
pounds, (depending on the sex) and 
relate what New Hampshire lias "done 
to them." It is improbable, however, 
that they will give any thought to what 
they have "done to New Hampshire." 



Some of us who are by no means an- 
cient in years can remember when the 
first "summer boarder" came to our 
town. We recall how the rumor spread 
about that there was a man staying 
down to Brown's who ''didn't do any 
work nor nothin', just boarded." He 
became an object of great curiosity and 
ho small concern, and many a 'good 
farmer scratched his head and surmised, 
"he must be rich to pay six dollars a 
week and not work." 

Since that time an avalanche of sum- 
mer boarders and summer residents has 
swept over New Hampshire, and few 
of us have realized the change they have 
wrought in the life of oil'* state. He 
who says that the New England Yankee 
is slow to adopt new customs has been 
proven wrong, for our people have gone 
to unbelievable lengths in assimilating 
the culture, the attitude of mind, the 
graces and manners of our city guests. 
We are indebted to them for a great re- 
awakening in the life and thought of our 
state. It was only the other day that 
a famous New York newspaper man 
residing for the summer near Campion, 
gave to one of our publications a most 
inspiring article upon New Hampshire 



winch has been copied in the press 
throughout the state. It was only last 
month tliaf a famous surgeon from 
Baltimore; a guest at a summer hotel 
near Whitehclci, performed a most deli- 
cate 'operation in the presence of sev- 
eral New Hampshire physicians. These 
contributions must have their effect but 
we are prone to fear that perhaps we 
have copied the vices as well as the vir- 
tues of our out-of-state friends. 

Affectation ill becomes the New 
Hampshire Yankee and yet we see evi- 
dences of it on every hand. For ex- 
ample: — consider the matter of names. 
In the olden days a New Hampshire 
farmhouse was content to be simply 
home. Its unpainted clapboards and 
spacious barns were distinguishable only 
to those eyes to whom it had become 
endeared by long years of association. 
To-day since the advent of our great 
summer resorts the most essential thing 
about a New Hampshire farmhouse is a 
six syllable name. The house may be 
large or small, beautiful or ugly, a hun- 
dred years old or in the process. of con- 
struction, but it must have a title. While 
traveling through the state we were im- 
pressed by the fact that our people had 
not shown the proverbial Yankee in- 
genuity in naming their homes. We 
counted fourteen "Buena Vistas", eleven 
"Fair Views," four "Pleasant Views," 
a half a dozen "Maplewoods", and then 
the whole "Inn" family, consisting of 
"Motor Inns" to the number of some 
half a hundred, "Walk Inn," "Euben 
Inn." "Weben Inn," and everything but 
"Stumble Inn." We even found a cafe 
in Portsmouth in which each table had 
a romantic name attached, while we 
notice that through the North country 
[}\^y are commencing to name their ceme- 
teries with all kinds of appellations not 
all of which cause one to think of mor- 
tality. 



This wholesale transformation of 
farms into summer resorts has not had 



504 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



an entirely good effect upon the aver- 
age New Hampshire citizen. Whereas 
in former times our hillsides were 
thronging with herds of sheep and cattle 
and the New Hampshire farmer was 
wringing his existence from her rocky 
hills, the present day find him endeavor- 
ing to reap his year's harvest from his 
summer guests to live more or less as 
a parasite for the remaining seasons. 
The Yankee is not well adapted to he 
an innkeeper. His hospitality in the 
years gone by has been of a homely yet 
dignified nature which allowed him to 
keep his full measure of self respect and 
to welcome his guests with the Master's 
sentiment, "He who would be greatest 
among you, let him be the servant of 
all." The rather cringing service which 
he has to give to his commercial guests 
has robbed him of his sturdy indepen- 
dence. More than this, it has led to a 
certain petticoat government, for after 
all, the housewife reigns supreme in the 
culinary department, and consequently, 
wears the famous raiment usually at- 
tributed to the male in the summer hotel 
business. It was said of a famous steel 
magnate who had forced his way up- 
ward from a factory foreman, that when 
he began to manicure his nails he lost 



his forcefulness of character. With 
this thought in mind, we recall some of 
the good New England farmers we have 
met this year, uncomfortable in their 
stiff collars and white linen, and ill at 
ease in their attempts to say "pumpkin" 
in place of the good old fashioned 
"punkin" and "isn't"' instead of "aim." 



The foregoing has been uttered in a 
more or less facetious strain but we hon- 
estly believe that although our summer 
guests are becoming more and more a 
part of New Hampshire, and a very wel- 
come part, and although we owe them 
much, it will be best for the real prosperi- 
ty of our state if we strive to fill her with 
other industries than that of the sum- 
mer resort, and to so develop our own- 
institutions that our citizens shall not 
lose that natural poise which has for so 
many years been the greatness of New 
England. In Churchill's "Coniston" we 
recall one sentence which seems to por- 
tray the real citizen of New Hampshire: 
—"We shall leave them to their peace 

of mind those staunch old 

deacons and selectmen, who did their 
duty by their fellow citizens as they saw- 
it and took no man's bidding." 



OUR. ' CONTRIBUTORS 

In This issue 



Miss Theresa Schmidt is Field Secre- 
tary of the Playground and Recreation 
Association of America. She made an 
extensive tour of New Hampshire play- 
grounds this summer. 

Mr. H. E. Young and his wife have 
been in charge of the very successful 
playground of which he writes. He is 
a teacher by profession. 



In the postofhee at Canisteo, New 
York, the postmaster, Mr. William M. 
Stuart, spends his spare time writing 
stories which are finding their way al- 



ready into some of the leading maga- 
zines. 



Miss Daisy Deane Williamson is 
State Home Demonstration Leader of 
New Hampshire University. 



Of the article on Log Driving on the 
Connecticut, Mr. Alexander D. Gibson 
writes : 

"An industry of hazard and risk 
which once claimed the services of hun- 
dreds of men, but which in these days 
has fallen off to such an extent that the 
near future may witness its extinction. 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



50! 



"The writer has lived for lit toon years 
at Mclndoes, about seventy-five miles 
from the source of the river, and saw, 
as a boy, gangs of river men pass 
through the town each spring. From 
these men, and from his own experi- 
ences the • writer gathered the material 
for this article. 

"The geographical details are from 
Bacon's History. J of the Connecticut 
Valley." 

Professor A. YY. Richardson is known 
as one of the highest authorities on mat- 
ters pertaining to poultry in Xew Hamp- 
shire. He supplements his teaching at 
Durham with work on his own poultry 
farm and personal contact with poultry - 
men throughout the state. 

Mr. Samuel Copp Worthen, Genealo- 
gist of the New Jersey Society, S. A. 
R.. in this second part of his study of 
a Xew Hampshire hero, takes his Ken- 
sington Warrior into the days of the 
Revolution. 

During the year which has passed, 
readers of the Granite Monthly have 
learned to remember with pleasure and 
anticipate with interest the articles which 



have appeared from month to mom hi un- 
der the initials "H. F. M." One had 
only to read the beautiful descriptions 
contained in "As the Road Unrolls," 
the fascinating portrayals of quaint old 
Dover and Portsmouth, and the pene- 
trating analysis of our railroad situation 
which drew the commendation of Mr. 
Storrow himself, to recognize the same 
style. . which marked the Granite 
Monthly's interviews with Xew Hamp- 
shire's prominent citizens, and the same 
originality and whimsical humor which 
characterize "The Editor Stops to 
Talk." In other words, "H. F. M." 
was the modest designation of the edi- 
tor, who in the past year has won a 
great deal of admiration throughout the 
state. 

In this issue the Granite Mont key 
must bid a regretful farewell to "H. F. 
M.," but also a cordial welcome to Miss 
Helen F. McMillin who will continue 
as one of our contributors. She leaves 
Xew Hampshire to become a Publicity 
Director of Wellesley, taking with her 
the best wishes of all readers of the 
Granite Monthly. "The Sign of the 
Lucky Dog" is her contribution in this 
issue, and further articles will appear 
from time to time. 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Coolidae, Pinchot, Coal, and 

the Presidency 

There is glory enough for both Mr. 
Coolidge and Mr. Pinchot in the settle- 
ment of the coal strike without either 
being jealous pi the other. Two 
good men should .agree to work to- 
gether. And we expect these two will 
so agree, if outsiders will attend to 
their own business. The fact that 
Governor Pinchot was able to induce 
miners and operators each to give up 
something, and find a place of agree- 
ment does not entitle him to the nomi- 
nation for president next fall. 

— Journal Transcript, Franklin 



The settlement of the coal strike makes 
Governor Pinchot of Pennsylvania more 
than ever a national figure. For a good 
many years, now, his name has been 
fairly familiar to the people of this 
country, but only a comparatively few 
have appraised justly his ability and his 

mettle His entrance into the 

coal situation and his successful man- 
agement of it are alike characteristic of 

the man Governor Pinchot 

thought, and rightly, that the impend- 
ing coal strike, being largely a Pennsyl- 
vania proposition, came within the scope 
of his official duties. He communicat- 
ed that feeling to President Coolidge and 
the latter promptly acquiesced; at once 



506 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



gave the Governor a full and five hand: 
and now is the first to recognize and to 
emphasize the great service the Pennsyl- 
vania Chief Executive has rendered the 
nation in bringing the negotiations be- 
tween the coal miners and operators to 
a successful conclusion. 

— Concord Monitor 



We. confess to disappointment in Gov. 
Piuchot's "compromise." What the 

American public must have is cheaper 
coal ; his project adds 60 cts. a ton. 
That is giving the public away, in the 
interest of Pennsylvania mine owners 

and operators 

— Granite free Press. 



About to meet Gov. Pinchot, coal op- 
erators and miners announced that there 
was no change in their position. A 
consumer who had just paid for some 
hard coal announced that there was 
none in his pocketbook. 

— Lacania Democrat 



Governor Pinchot certainly scored 
heavily in a political sense when he suc- 
cessfully mediated in the coal strike 

The sole fly in the ointment 

was the feeling of cynical pessimism 
wlu'ch pervaded the public that, as usual, 
the consumer was to be made to pay the 
price of peace in the mining regions by 
means of an increase in the price of 
coal. 

Evidently, quite conscious of this de- 
fect in the record he had made, the 
governor of Pennsylvania let no grass 
grow under his feet when the agree- 
ment between mine unionists and mine 
owners was signed. Within a few 
hours Governor Pinchot launched an en- 
tirely new offensive, this time to pre- 
vent, if possible, the passing of the buck 
to the public in the form of higher 
prices for coal. With signal shrewd- 
ness, the governor sped a message over 
the wires to Washington, appealing to 
the President to invoke the. powers of 
the Interstate Commerce Commission 



over the freight rates charged by the 
coal carrying roads, with a view to in- 
stituting lower rates on anthracite and 
thus absorbing a part of the cost of the 
ten percent increase in wages to be paid 

the miners . Contemperaneou- 

politlcal history holds few instances of 
such valiant public service, supplement- 
ed by conspicuously effective political 
maneuvering. Obviously, GirTord Piu- 
chot's training under Roosevelt was not 
wasted. T. P. himself, preeminently 
the ablest politician of his time and gen- 
eration, never acquitted himself more 
adroitly. When the coal strike loomed 
darkly on the horizon, the politicians 
universally expected that it would pro- 
vide President Coolidge, at the very 
outset of his term, with some such op- 
portunity as that which came to him 
when governor of Massachusetts. 
Coolidge was looked to with a feeling 
of assurance as just the man for such 
a crisis, and the expectation was gen- 
eral that the hard coal miners would pro- 
vide the same sort of stepping stone to 
enlarged popular respect and confidence 
that the striking policemen had sup- 
plied in Boston. But the crisis came 
and found the President powerless. He 
could not deal with the mine operators 
as Roosevelt did, because, unlike those 
of Roosevelt's time, these operators were 
ready for arbitration. There was no 
need to force it upon them. In this in- 
stance, it was the miners themselves who 
refused arbitration, and in such case, the 
President was without moral or physical 
force to compel their return to work. 
You can seize mines and operate them, 
if the miners themselves are ready to go 
to work ; but when the owners are quite 
ready to open their mines and submit all 
questions in dispute to arbitration, but 
the men who work in the mines refuse 
to carry on, seizure of the mines is a 
futile gesture. Thus, when the hour 
for action came, it was Pinchot, who 
had real power as governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, and not Coolidge, who lacked any 
but very hazy and attenuated powers, 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



;o7 



who stood in the breach and emulated 

Roosevelt in forcing a settlement 

—Manchester Union 



There is now a row on between the 
friends of ■■/President Coolidge and Gov. 
Pinchot to settle who shall have the credit 
of settling the coal strike. There is not 
a whole lot of credit for either in the 
way it was settled. 

— Lebanon free Press 



The settlement of the coal strike in 
the anthracite regions appears to have 
been accomplished. Governor Pinchot 
of Pennsylvania has succeeded in effect- 
ing a compromise between the owners 
and the miners, both, sides having made 
<i»me concessions. What might have 
keen the result had this strike continued 
is hard to conjecture, hut that it would 
have caused untold suffering", not only 
among the consumers but the miners 

themselves goes without saying 

— Pctcrboro ugh Tra nscrip t 

It is a question who is to receive the. 
credit for the settlement of the coal 
strike. Gov. Pinchot is pleased, as well 
he might be, and President Coolidge is 
also pleased with the work which he 
delegated to the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania. If Gov. Pinchot will now insist 
on the removal of the tax which his 
state has placed upon coal, he will fur- 
ther please the coal burning public. 

— Journal-Transcript, Franklin, N. H. 



The vice presidency has never been 
a stepping stone to the presidency. 
Roosevelt won the presidency as 
successor to himself succeeding a 
deceased president. His personality 

did it. If Cooldige proves another 
exception his personality, not his pre- 
vious accidental occupation of the 
executive chair, will have done it. 
Me will be a candidate probably; so 
will Pinchot. There is no reason 
why anybody should talk of a "row" 
between them, as sensational news- 



paper writers are doing. Neither is 
that kind of a man. Each has per- 
fect right to aspire to the nomina- 
tion and election; each respects the 
equal right of the other. If not. 
neither is ft (or president. Roth are 
eminently ' so. 

— Granite Free Press 



'*'! doubt very much," Mr. Stevens 
said, "if Coolidge can even get the 
nomination, but if he does I do not 
think he will be elected. The entire 
middle and far west is distinctively 
radical or liberal in its views. Re- 
cent elections, especially that of "Magnus 
Johnson in Minnesota, indicates that the 
voters can carry their sections against 
conservative Republicanism." 

— Concord Monitor 

Whatever else Pennsylvania is bound, 
and her governor for her, to get full pay 
for her anthracite. Pennsylvania has 
all the anthracite in the. civilized world. 
We pay the state of Pennsylvania 37^4 
cts. a ton — if we remember the amount 
right — for every ton of her coal we burn. 
Until lately the provision of the consti- 
tution prohibiting export taxes, was held 
to apply to traffic between states as well 
as to exports to foreign countries. But 
Pennsylvania has passed a law to this 
effect and the U. S. court sustains it. If 
such is her right every state has equal 
right' to tax its every product sent to 
other states ; 48 states can play at that 
game. It is a bad condition ; and that is 
one much needed amendment — e pluri- 
bus unum — of the federal constitution. 
In the meantime we MUST use our 
"white coal" more. A work of great im- 
portance in this line is the building of a 
dam — already half completed —about 
600 feet long and 62 feet high, across the 
Pemigewasset river, just above Bristol, 
with foundations admitting of adding 30 
feet more at some future day. As now 
building, it will flow back more than five 
miles, and produce a lake of that length, 
and varying width. The company will 



508 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



erect lines of wire. 300 miles or more, to 
Bristol, New Hampton, Plymouth, Ash- 
land, Meredith, Laconia, Franklin, Til- 
ton and- even farther, furnishing light 
and power as demanded. Laconia is to 
have 2000 horse power of it, adding 
greatly to her manufacturing possibili- 
ties. If the 30 feet is added it must flow 
back into the. Squam river at Ashland 
and almost if not quite to Plymouth. 
And a commission has already located 
100 other places where water can be 
stored and used as power. By all means 
encourage every movement in this direc- 
tion. Gov. Bass is wisely leading in this 
line of state development. 

— Lebanon Free Press 



The First Faint Rumble of the 
Political Campaign 

Delegates to the National Convention 

As regards delegates to the next 
Republican national convention from 
New Hampshire the score at present 
is like this: Ex-Governor John H. 
Bartlett and Chairman Dwight Hall 
are announced candidates ; Senator G. 
H. Moses is a receptive candidate; 
Senator Henry W. Keyes is not a can- 
didate. 

■ — Concord Monitor 



Senator Moses says that New Hamp- 
shire is likely to have ten delegates to 
the next Republican national conven- 
tion, instead of eight, as formerly. Even 
at that we don't anticipate that there'll 
be any difficulty in finding enough who 
are willing to go and pay their own ex- 
penses. 

■ — Rochester Courier 



According to Hobart Pilisbury's let- 
ter in the Sunday Herald this state is 
not to send a pledged delegation to the 
Republican National Convention. But 
we are of the opinion that, unless senti- 
ment changes very materially before 
the next primary, no man will be sent 



to the convention unless he is pledge 
to vote for Mr. Coolidge. 

— Franklin Journal Transcrif 



Messrs. Huntress of Keene and 
Brown of White field are frank to say 
that they would like to be district dele- 
gates to the next Republican national 
convention. — Cone aid Monitor 



Democrats are more diffident about 
coming forward with intimations of a 
desire to represent New Hampshire as 
delegates to the national convention 
next year. The only ones known here 
thus far to express a willingness to go 
to the convention are Gordon Woodbury 
of Manchester and Clyde Keefe of Dov- 
er, solicitor of Strafford county. 

Major Robert C. Murchie, national 
committeeman and State Chairman 
Jackson are being mentioned as possible- 
Concord delegates, although neither has 
indicated any desire to go yet. Senator 
Coulombe of Berlin and Mayor Henri 
A. Burque of Nashua are also being 
suggested as good material for delegates. 
— Concord Monitor 



Some Striking Remarks 

This one struck back. 
John H. Bartlett, first assistant post- 
master-general, in a telegram to the 
Monitor- Patriot, takes exception to state- 
ments made in a news story concerning 
his candidacy as a Coolidge-plcdged del- 
egate to the Republican National con- 
vention. At the same time William E. 
Wallace, formerly Mr. Bartlett's secre- 
tary, who wrote the article, which the 
Monitor-Patriot printed in good faith, 
takes oath that the story, in all its essen- 
tial details, was accurate and according 
to statements made to him by Mr 
Bartlett the day before its publication. 
— Concord Monitor 



This one is likely to in the next campaigi 



Speaking 



meeting of the New 



Hampshire Lumbermen's Association 
which, he joined in Manchester, former 



\K\V HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



509 



Congressman Raymond B. Stevens of 

Landaff said: "Fifteen years ago I 
(eased to practise Lav/ to enter a more 
honest business. I went into polities; 
then to enter a more honest- business I 



ecame a Lumberman 



■State News Hems 



This one has "started something" already. 

Report says George H. Moses lias 
told Hiram Johnson where to get 
off in the presidential campaign. 
If he can make rhe senator obey it 
will help settle the question. But 
Johnson is not reputed to be of the 
mildly obeying sort. 

— Franklin Journal-Transcript 



"A Typical "Coal Remark" 

Gov. Brown and his fuel commis- 
sioner. John W. Storrs, were disap- 
pointed at the trend of affairs at the 
meeting of governors in New York 
City. The New Hampshire governor 
believed the federal fuel administration 
would have something to suggest, some 
definite work proposed that would bring 
results, and when he listened to lengthy 
resolutions offered he is said to have 
exclaimed. 

'"To hell with resolutions, show me 
how we are to get coal and then get 
busy. It's coal the people want in our 
state and not resolutions." 

— Laconia News and Critic 



T\TT7 



TOW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



DR. JOHN R. COGSWELL 

.The medical profession, New Hampshire 
fraternity, and the town of Warner, have 
all sustained a loss in the death of Dr. John 
R. Cogswell. 

Dr. Cogswell was a native of Landaff, 
a graduate of the New Hampton Literary 




Dr. John R. Cogswell 

Institute and Dartmouth Medical School. 
His' professional activities in the town of 
Warner extended from 1873 until 1906 when 
he retired. He was a lifelong and active 
member of the New Hampshire Medical 



Society and President of the Center Dis- 
trict Medical Society. 

He was a member of Warner Grange, 
Central Lodge I. O. O. F., Harris Lodge 
A. F. and A. M., Woods Chapter No. 14, 
St. Gerard Commandery Knights Templar 
of Littleton, Pomona Grange of which he 
was Lecturer, Rebekahs, and Order of the 
Eastern Star. 

In politics Dr. Cogswell was a Demo- 
crat and during his life he served in almost 
every office which his fellow townsmen 
could give to him. 

His death occurred in Warner on Septem- 
ber 17th. 



JUDGE WILLIAM F. NASON 

Judge William F. Nason, one of Dover's 
leading citizens, passed away on Sept. 13th 
after an illness of nearly two years. Judge 
Nason was born in Saniord, Me. in 1857. 
He obtained his elementary education in 
the schools of Kennebunk. After his grad- 
uation from High School he studied law in 
Maine for two years, then came to New 
Hampshire where he studied under Buel 
C. Carter of Wolfeboro. Admitted to the 
bar and established in Dover in 1879, his 
success came so immediately that he be- 
came City Solicitor in 18S3. He served 
five terms in the New Hampshire Legisla- 
ture where he was known as one of the 
most forceful speakers in the House. He 
participated in the long and bitter rail- 
road fight of 1887. Later he served as 
County Solicitor of Strafford County. Jus- 
tice of the Municipal Court of _ Dover, 
Mayor of Dover, and Police Commissioner. 
He is survived by a very accomplished 
wife, Dr. Inez Ford Nason. 



510 ~5)Y 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



REV. ALBERT E, HALL 

The people of Chester are grieving over 
the death of one of their most beloved citi- 
zens, the Rev. Albert E. Ha!!. Mr. Hall 
died oil August 29th at the age of 86. The 
past twenty years he spent as a citizen of 
Chester. Before that lime lie served pas- 
torates at Dalton, Chesterfield. North Con- 



way, Warner and Auburn 



New 



Hampshire. These pastorates were small 
but his service was large in its faithfulness, 
and he seems to be typical of the steadfast 
Xew England clergyman of the last gener- 
ation. He is survived by Mrs. Hall, who 
is 80 years old, and by three grandchildren. 



DON SEAVEY BRIDGMAN 
The town of Hanover and the state of 
New Hampshire have suffered a great loss 
in the death of Don Seavey Bridgman. 
Born in Llanover on the 4th of April, 1356, 
and educated at a near-by school in Nor- 
wich and at Dartmouth College, he left 
the town and state of his birth to avail him- 
self of business opportunities in Illinois 
and New York only to return and become 
one of Hanover's most prominent and 
trusted citizens. In business he was suc- 
cessful as a farmer and banker. In politics 
his record shows the esteem of his fellow 
citizens who elected him year after year a 
selectman of Hanover and representative 
to the General Court. In the 1923 session 
he was chairman of the Grafton County 
delegation, and was generally considered 
the logical candidate of his party for the 
next State Senate. 

He was prominent as a Mason, an Odd 
Fellow, and a Granger. His death took 
place on August 4th. He leaves a widow 
and one sister. Mrs. Emma Waterman of 
Etna. 



JOHN PRENTICE RAND 
It seems right that mention should be made 
in these columns of the death of Dr. John 
Prentice Rand of Holden, Mass., which oc- 
curred some time ago. Dr. Rand was born 
in Francestown, N. H. in 1857. and though 
his professional activities have led him away 
from the state oT his birth he never lost his 
interest in it nor ceased to take a large part 
in its activities. In the medical world lie was 
particularly well known for his study of tu- 
berculosis and for his membership in numer- 
ous medical societies. He was, however, an 



author and lecturer. He was a life long 
member of the Sons and Daughters of New 
Hampshire and the New England Historical 
Society. He was also a Mason. His love 
and affection for New Hampshire is demon- 
strated in the lines following which were 
taken from his volume of poems called 
"Random Rimes." 

"Home, home is the spot that we first loved 

and cherished. 
The place of our childhood, where'er it may 

be; 
Oh tell us. no never, that fust love has 

perished ; 
New Hampshire, our first love, our home is 

with thee; 
With thee. Old New Hampshire! 
Our home is with thee!" 



DR. GEORGE W. FLAGG 

Dr. George W. Flagg, former prominent 
Keene physjeian, died at Nantucket, Mass., 
September 5th, at the age of 75 years. 

Fie was born at Lowell, Mass., and from 
the early 70's until 1906 practiced medicine in 
Keene. He was a very early trustee of the 
Elliott City Hospital, and was influential in 
the establishment of that institution in 
Keene. 

He had a long and useful term of service 
as a physician in this city, remarkable in 
his diagnoses, of much value to the com- 
munity and especially to his many patients. 
He served' the city in every way possible 
connected with his profession and was a 
member of the board of health for several 
years. His interest and experience was 
especially valuable during the scarlet fever 
epidemic of 1901. 

Besides his many other activities Dr. 
Flagg was deeply interested in the New 
Hampshire National Guard and the Golden 
Cross. He was appointed surgeon of the 
2nd Reg. N. H. N. G., with the rank of 
major in 18S0 and served till 1894. He 
was a charter member of Keene Com- 
mandery, United Order of the Golden 
Cross. 1880, and Grand Commander of the 
Jurisdiction of New Hampshire, 1885. Af- 
terwards he was Grand Keeper of the Rec- 
ords from 1893 to 1918, a period of 25 
vears. He was four times sent as the 
Supreme Representative to t lie Supreme 
Bo-ly of the Golden Cross, 

Dr. Flagg is survived by a widow, one 
sister and three brothers. 



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GRANITE 

MONTHLY 



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Vol. 55 



aflfc 



No. 11 



NOVEMBER 1923 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Govern or 's Hunting 
Proclamation 

npiIE ''protracted drought and exces- 
•*■ sive dryness" of this season in 
New Hampshire extended into the 
month of October, until on the ISth 
Governor Fred H. Brown, acting under 
an act of the legislature of 1923, upon 
the advice of the state forester and fish 
and game commissioners, proclaimed all 
woodlands of the state closed against 
hunters, fishermen and all others except 
owners of said lands and their agents. 
It was already raining, with more ap- 
parent determination than in months, 
when the Governor affixed his signature 
to the proclamation and started ■ for 
Washington to attend the conference of 
President Coolidge with the Governors 
upon the subject of law enforcement. 
So he entrusted the power of revoking 
the edict to the officers upon whose ad- 
vice he had issued it and after a couple 
of wet days they exercised that power; 
whereupon the sun promptly began to 
shine again. 

Celebrations 
TJTITHOUT issuing any proclamation 

** Governor Brown designated Octo- 
ber 27 as Navy Day in New Hampshire 
as in other states and Major Frank Knox 
of Manchester was named as New 
Hampshire chairman by the national 
chairman, Commander Marion Eppley of 
New York. The center of Granite State 



observance naturally was at the Ports- 
mouth Navy Yard, where special ar- 
rangements were made for entertaining 
and instructing such of the public as ac- 
cepted the general invitation to visit and 
inspect the yard on that day. Colum- 
bus Day was observed generally as a 
holiday throughout the state, but with- 
out special programs anywhere. Its 
automobile para.de over the main high- 
ways was considered larger than even 
those of the summer holidays and was 
attended by the usual number of fatali- 
ties. Fire Prevention Week was a fix- 
ture of the month and this year pre 1 
sented as its object lessons the destruc- 
tion by flames of three well known sum- 
mer residences ; the wonderful Har- 
lakeuden Hall of Winston Churchill at 
Cornish; the magnificent Woodbury 
Langdon estate at Fox Point, Newing- 
ton ; and the less pretentious country 
place of Rev. A. Z. Conrad at Amherst. 

John G. vVinant 

I"\URI.NG the month the first real im- 
* petus to interest in the political 
campaign of 1924 was given by the an- 
nouncement of Captain John G. Winant 
of Concord that he would be a candidate 
for the Republican nomination for Gov- 
ernor at the primary of next September. 
His action has not brought any opponent 
into the open thus far, although the Bos- 
ton Herald has expressed editorial pre- 
ference for Major Frank Knox of Man- 
chester as the Republican candidate and 



514 



THE GRAN i IK MONTHLY 



former Congressn*an Raymond B. 

Stevens as the Democratic candidate' tor 
Chief Executive of the Granite State. 

Captain \\ 'inant was in command of 
the second Libert) Squadron of the 
American air forces on the French front 
during the world war. lie has served 
two terms in the state House of Repre- 
sentatives and one in the state Senate, 
and has been a leader in agricultural and 
labor legislation as well as a staunch. 
supporter of oilier forward looking 
movements. lie is secretary of the 
National Monetary Association and the 
Society for the Protection o\ New 
Hampshire Forests and president of the 
New Hampshire Tuberculosis Associa- 
tion. His statement of the platform up- 
on which he will make his campaign is 
promised for an early day and is awaited 
with interest. 

Conferences and Conventions 

pROBABLY the largest postal confer- 
*■ ence ever held in the state was a 
Concord event of the month and was 
addressed by Assistant Postmaster Gen- 
erals Bartlett and Glover, the former our 
well-known ex- Governor. Another dis- 
tinguished visitor of the month to Con- 
cord and Xew Hampshire was Leonidas 
P. Xewby of Indiana, commander of 
the Knights Templar of the United 
States. 

The State Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union held its annual meeting 
in Concord during the month, heard 
speakers from far and near and adopted 
vigorous resolutions in favor of liquor 
law enforcement and against prize fisr-hts. 
"carnivals/" suggestive dances, movies, 
hooks and styles. It had taken final ad- 
journment before Senator Moses made 
his now famous characterization of the 
Volstead Act as a "jackass law," or it 
would have had a declaration to make. 
no doubt, in that regard. 

Other important state meetings of the 
month were of the Baptists at Concord. 
of the Teachers' Association at Laconia. 
of the Daughters of the American Revo- 



lution at Rochester;, and of the hanker:, 
at Whitefield. 

Clubs and Fraternities 

npilE Woman's Clubs and the Rotary 
•*• Clubs and the Chambers of Com- 
merce and tiie Boards of Trade entered 
upon their winter's schedule of meet- 
ings. The farmers harvested large 
crops of apples and potatoes. Business 
conditions in general were good. 

Bektash Temple of the Mystic Shrine 
took an option on the purchase from 
the estate of President Benjamin A, 
Kimball of the Concord & Montreal 
railroad of his estate on South Main 
Street. Concord, which he bequeathed 
to the state of Xew Hampshire as a 
home for its governors, hut which the 
legislature of 1923 refused to accept. 

Progress was made in the organiza- 
tion of a state Chamber of Commerce 
by the choice of Frank II. Foster, 
banker, of Claremont, as president; Per- 
ley H. Washburn of Lisbon, vice-presi- 
dent ; Ervin W. Porter of Concord, sec- 
retary ; and Leo L. Osborne of Sunapee. 
treasurer. 

Controversies 

HP PIE hard-fought and much-debated 
-*- case of Partridges v. Fruit Buds 
reached its court of last resort when 
Governor Fred IT. Brown was called 
upon for the first time to act as an ar- 
biter between the state departments of 
agriculture and fish and game under an 
act of the legislature of 1923. The 
Governor visited in person some Lon- 
donderry orchards which were consider- 
ed typical of existing conditions and 
examined the alleged damage to the 
trees by the game birds. 

Following an address by Senator 
George H. Moses before the Concord 
Chamber of Commerce on forest con- 
ditions through the country, the Cham- 
ber went on record as opposed to what 
the Senator termed the attempted "coer- 
cion" of the states by the federal gov- 
ernment as to uniformity in the. taxation 
of forest lands, — IT. C. P. 



IS NEW HAMPSHIRE COMPLETED? 



5"J5" 



By William S. Rossiter 



PRESIDENT HETZEL'S TRIBUTE TO MR. ROSSITER 

In the realm of public affairs, the author of the following article, Hon. 
William S. "Rossiter, is not only a diagnostician of ability, but a practitioner 
who stands ready with sympathy and understanding to help and to remedy. 
Benefit ought io follow from service of such a character given freely to the 
state of New Hampshire, 



IKE 



the Lord of the Vineyard, 

I i the Census Enumerator appears 
decennially to take national ac- 
count of stock. We have become so 
accustomed to the answer of each 
state, "Increased in population and 
wealth," that it is something; of a jolt 
to find creeping in here and there evi- 
dences that the man who buried his 
talent has successors — evidences that 
somehow in such cases the process of 
state-building has been about com- 
pleted. 

Is New Hampshire completed? Of 
all the states in that aristocratic group 
"The Original Thirteen," New Hamp- 
shire alone has the record of having 
lost population at any census. 



The increase of the total 



poptila- 



tion of the state has not reached as 
much as ten per cent in any decade 
since 1850. That is, the rate of in- 
crease in New Hampshire has not 
equalled even half the rate of increase 
shown by the nation at any census for 
seventy years. The population of 
New Hampshire decreased from I860 
to 1870, while, in 1920 the increase 
from 1910 amounted to less than 3 per 
cent. The population record of the 
•State is therefore obviously one al- 
most of stagnation. Are we com- 
pleted? Progress means at least a 
reasonable percentage of increase. 
Stationary population reflects rather 
stagnant conditions, and almost al- 
ways indicates rather heavy emigra- 
tion. At the Fourteenth Census 
(1920), out of 251 towns in the entire 



RALPH D. HETZEL, 

University of New Hampshire 

state. 179 showed decreases. Of the 
167 subdivisions having fewer than 
1000 inhabitants, 137, or approximately 
82 per cent, showed actual loss in 
population. Indeed, if Coos County 
be eliminated, out of 137 towns only 
15 increased in population. The nat- 
ural effect of this change is that the 
citizens of New Hampshire are be- 
coming increasingly residents of the 
large towns and cities, and hence with 
little change in total population the 
weight of the cities and towns be- 
comes constantly greater. 

Consistently with this changing re- 
lationship of country and city, the 
farms of New Hampshire decreased 
in number from 27,COO in 1910 to 20,- 
500 in 1920. The land in farms de- 
creased by nearly 750,000 acres, while 
the improved land in farms decreased 
in about the same proportion. In- 
deed, the number of acres of improved 
farm land in the state has decreased 
in every decade since 1860, and it is 
less than one third of the figure for 
that year. 

Here is a condition which in some 
respects is actual decline and in others 
strongly suggests that our racial task 
of development is completed. Under 
such circumstances the line of great- 
est ease in an atmosphere already 
less charged with progress and energy 
than of old is to do nothing; to assert- 
that matters are all right and to leave 
well-enough alone. Many people are 
prepared instantly to take that atti- 
tude. 



510 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



It was tiie privilege of the writer 
to publish in a magazine of wide in- 
fluence during the past summer an ar- 
ticle discussing in some detail the 
present status of the north-country 
states^ for conditions are almost iden- 
tical in Maine, New Hampshire and 
Vermont. This paper elicited many 
letters from persons in all three states 
as well as -from other states in the 
Union. It was significant that from 
one of the three states in question — 
not New Hampshire — the replies were 
largely along a fatalistic line. They 
indicated a willingness to let matters 
drift, and to be content with stagna- 
tion. They admitted completion and 
considered it an asset. One, for ex- 
ample, a distinguished citizen of New 
England, wrote by way of protest 
against stirring the subject up. A 
few sentences paraphrased from his 
letter are worth quoting: 

"My old home was in a .small town 
in the heart of the mountains in the 
central part of the state. I think my 
town reached the maximum of its pop- 
ulation about 1840, and since that 
time every decennial census has 
shown a reduced population, but in 
spite- of that the town is a much live- 
lier proposition and a far better place 
to live in than at any time in the 
past * * * People live in greater com- 
fort than in my boyhood days * * * * 
The children are brought, with few 
exceptions, to a central school in the 
village, where grades are maintained 
and where a four-year high school is 
operated that fits the children for the 
lower grade colleges. The number of 
acres tilled is less than it used to be. 
The number of animals owned is 
greater, and they arc of a superior 
quality to that which was owned in 
the valley when I was a boy." 

It seems as though it would be 
hard to ignore the fact that from this 
community there has been a steady 
drain of its best people; that while the 
schools must be maintained at a bet- 
ter standard than of old, there are 



pathetically few scholars to attend 
them. Moreover, roads must be bird; 
in a fashion never dreamed of by our 
ancestors ; and thus schools and roads 
make taxes unbearable because th( 
population has become so small. It is 
becoming harder and harder in most 
of the small towns to find men who 
are capable of filling even the village 
offices. It is becoming harder and 
harder, also, in many communities to 
raise enough upon the farms, with 
markets uncertain and distant, to sup- 
port the family, and in consequence 
the natural economic result follows of 
very few children. The farms are 
frequently manned by elderly people, 
A condition, therefore, which began 
fifty or more years ago and has slowly 
developed is now acquiring a much 
greater momentum, and the plain fact 
confronts us in rural New England 
that the north-country small towns. 
after long stagnation, are rapidly 
reaching a crisis in their history. 
The writer of the sentences quoted 
above is decidedly wrong in one par- 
ticular. No small community can be 
pervaded by a cheerful, wholesome, 
progressive atmosphere which is con- 
tinually shrinking in size over a long 
period, and thus ever losing a propor- 
tion of its best citizens. 

Again, it is suggested that north- 
country declines are the result of 
economic and racial changes which 
obey fixed laws and which can be in- 
fluenced but slightly by human effort, 
however well directed; that increase 
of population can be secured only by 
importing the least desirable for- 
eigners; and that it would be better 
to leave well-enough alone, avoid 
agitation and prolong the patient's 
life and, in particular, the '"passing of 
a great race," as long as possible. 
Better might the writer have said : 
"Progress is impossible or, if possi- 
ble, undesirable. We are completed. 
Let us stagnate/' In this instance a 
half-truth is built into a large false- 
hood. Almost every noteworthy 



HAMPSHIRE COMPLETED 



achievement in human 



the di- 



rect result of deflecting economic laws 
which otherwise would have effected 

fixed results. Races do not die or 
depart if the environment is favorable 
to their continuation. Stagnation 
v ill foster the operation of economic 
laws and the loss of the best elements 
of our naturally alert Anglo-Saxon 
stock. 

Another says — pertinently, too : 
"What has New England north- 
country to offer, in the last analysis, 
even under the most favorable condi- 
tions, to make it really worth while 
for a young man to shut his eyes to 
the great out-of-doors of the nation 
and cast in his lot permanently at 
home?" That's a fair question. The 
answer is not to be found in mere 
confident assertion. Curiouslv enough, 
it is suggested by a striking picture 
revealed by the Fourteenth Census of 
the United States. 

The forty-eight states of the union 
are divided into 3000 civic areas known 
as counties. Out of 1O00 counties 
dotting the entire vast domain of the 
republic, to the eyes of the statisti- 
cian who analyzed the figures of 1920, 
men and women were pouring hither 
and thither into the other 2000 coun- 
ties in such numbers that they re- 
duced the population of the county 
they left to a figure lower than that 
shown at the preceding census, so that 
one-third of all the counties — roughly 
one-third of all the nation's area — 
showed loss of population, while the 
remaining two thirds were cabled up- 
on to make up the loss, and in addi- 
tion to supply the national increase. 
This extraordinary picture, is really 
a statistical prophecy. 

The Anglo-Saxon race is at its best 
in the development of new lands and 
in confronting and overcoming great 
obstacles. In Professor Turner's note- 
worthy book on the influence of the 
frontier in American history he makes 
abundantly clear both the extraor- 
dinary effect upon our national prog- 



ress of the slow, steady forward 
movement of the line of wilderness- 
breaking which has been advancing 
across the continent, and the revolu- 
tionary change in character, energy 
and point of view to be expected in the 
new period upon which we have, now 
entered, and which, with the absorb- 
ing task of settlement over, we turn 
to the less strenuous tasks of consoli- 
dation and normal living. 

To this new aspect of national af- 
fairs the nation as a whole is not yet 
accustomed. So long have the dis- 
contented in every state had the tra- 
ditional outlet for ambition by taking- 
tip quarter sections, or by seeking the 
untrodden but inviting areas of Cali- 
fornia and Washington and Oregon, 
or by exploiting untouched mining 
resources, or, later, by settling on the 
irrigated lands of Neve Mexico or 
other far western states, that it is be- 
wildering in our time to find it hard 
to know where to go. 

Yet it is this same discontent with 
the old home that has made the United 
States. It began before the republic- 
was thought of. It was first most 
clearly manifested in Connecticut. 
There the colonists, nearly all of whom 
were farmers, raised large families. 
Their sons and daughters quickly 
found — as early as 1760 — that there 
was not room on the paternal farm 
for both parents and children. Dense 
population and farming do not mix. 
Therefore the younger generation, 
true to racial instinct to achieve and 
develop, packed their scanty belong- 
ings on horses and, with the wife on 
the pillion, trekked up the then only 
known path to new lands. That path 
led along the Connecticut River to 
New Hampshire and Vermont. • The 
town names in Vermont today tell 
an eloquent story of that earliest mi- 
gration movement. 

But if it is the. rush to break new 
country, to settle, to achieve, and if 
our present colossal national structure 
is the monument to this racial quality, 



518 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



are we not lacing' a grave situation 
when we find our house about settled, 
when, the painters and plumbers are 
almost ready to leave, when the car- 
pets are ali clown, the chairs all ar- 
ranged and dusted and the pictures 
hung? Then what about ourselves — 
what are we going to do with our- 
selves? In our bewilderment, we are 
tumbling out of one thousand counties 
into two thousand others, with no real 
assurance of betterment. The iicav 
country is about ali explored. In 
the large, this extraordinary irregu- 
lar movement of population here and 
there is. the logical aftermath of the 
ending of the frontier period. 

It is obvious that from now on the 
newer states in which has been oc- 
curring the transformation from wil- 
derness to reasonably complete settle- 
ment, must confront a swarm of un- 
familiar problems of their own. Some 
of these problems, especially as they 
bear on agriculture, are already of 
national concern. 33 ut the older 
states have their problems, and our 
three north-country states in particu- 
lar face a distinct and very grave 
problem. It is completion. Is this 
condition, permanent? Are we to con- 
sider reaching such a state of comple- 
tion as an actual asset? Our race, 
with its instinct facing eagerly 
toward achievement and action, is 
singularly ill-adapted to sit still and 
merely participate mechanically in the 
workaday affairs of old settled commu- 
nities. In consequence, in the north- 
country states, long settled, and with 
few natural or industrial advantages. 
there has been a tendency to swing to 
the other extreme, to a condition of 
extreme conservatism little more than 
lethargy. In some cases it is stagna- 
tion. Harshly defined, it is race de- 
terioration. It is as though Nature 
said, "Achieve and be strong; rest and 
you die." From the rather inert mass 
of each community there struggle to 
the surface annually a considerable 



number of the younger element, com- 
prising a large proportion of the more 
alert and. energetic, who desire and 
must have a wider held of action. 
These depart to other localities where 
they hope to .secure more favorable 
environment. Thus it lias worked 
out that in many particulars for the 
last half century or more in the three 
old. settled north-country states very 
little progress has been made. The 
population has either remained about 
stationary or has tended to decline in 
most of the communities. It lias 
come to appear as though they were 
about completed. 

But perhaps here, in New 7 Hamp- 
shire we are not completed. Perhaps 
there is awakening just ahead for us. 
and a large task to be performed yet, 
for a. new and extraordinary factor 
has appeared. A condition plainly has 
arisen now- in our American life. 
There is an economic law, if you will. 
now first becoming effective, and in 
some respects it is irresistible. It 
arises from the fact that the national 
area at last is practically settled, and 
the answer to the man who tries to 
think prosperity grows as population 
decreases; to the man who sees ina- 
bility to meet competition and hence 
a dying race; and to the man who 
asks what the youth can find in north- 
ern New England to tempt him to 
stay as against trying his luck in the 
West or South, is contained in that 
statistical picture of men and women 
from a thousand counties all over this 
broad land, instead of moving in a 
well-denned stream west and still 
further west, as the censuses of '80 
and '90 and 1900 revealed, now run- 
ning confusedly hither and thither 
about the land. The scent for the 
working-out of the race instinct as 
manifested in this land for two hun- 
dred years is now lost forever. 
America is about settled. The corner 
lots are gone. Not New England 
alone but all ■ America must find new 



IS 



VV HAMPSHIRE COMPLETED' 



519 



outlets for our racial activities and 
ambitions. Here is again New 
Hampshire's opportunity. 

The Middle West, which has been 
contented with its farming possibili- 
ties, is crying aloud with discontent 
over ■ unfavorable agricultural condi- 
tions. The far West, notably Cali- 
fornia, is struggling- with the problem 
of an attempt to assimilate more peo- 
ple than they actually need, A dis- 
tinguished California!] recently wrote 
that he was delighted to observe an 
attempt to create opportunities in New 
England because they might lead to 
a return of some of the thousands who 
have come to California and are Un- 
assimilated and in reality a burden 
upon the community. New Hamp- 
shire's sister states in turn are falling 
into the grasp of the same problem of 
being completed that we have so long 
known. Let us awake ere they find 
themselves, and take our account of 
stock. 

We are a small, compact area fa- 
vorably situated at the door of the 
greatest urban markets in America. 
What are we capable of doing best 
and most profitably? Having decided 
that, let us go after markets and claim 
our own. The future prosperity of 
man}- of the states of the union not 
specially favored by nature is likely to 
depend more and more on business 
management. 



The vast population of the United 
States will tend to eddy and flow back 
to what in earlier days seemed less 
favored areas., as numbers and con- 
gestion increase. Men and women 
will cease to emigrate as freely as in 
the past, because the chances of suc- 
cessful change grow less as numbers 
increase. Thus racial instinct for 
achievement will find its outlet in tak- 
ing advantage of opportunities for or- 
ganization and development of enter- 
prises made possible by the new con- 
ditions. 

The north-country has come upon a 
period of new life and achievement if 
it will have it so. More than ever be- 
fore, its destiny is within its own con- 
trol. Shall we not bestir ourselves 
and turn the old racial longing to de- 
velop and to create into new and 
equally important activities within the 
old settled communities: the applica- 
tion of business ability, capital and 
energy to developing and marketing 
with skill exceeding that of our com- 
petitors all that New Hampshire can 
produce? Thus shall we arouse cour- 
age and increase strength; and from 
the long list of one thousand counties 
out of which in 1920 men and women 
were pouring forth, behold, the coun- 
ties of New Hampshire will be with- 
drawn. New Hampshire is yet far 
from completed. *"■- '". 



ANNOUNCEMENT 



The Granite Monthly being New 
Hampshire's state magazine is naturally 
deeply interested in the efforts of the 
group of men and women who are de- 
voting their energies to the project of 
bringing new life and vigor to our state. 
The magazine in its July number ex- 
pressed its commendation and sympathy 
concerning the article "Three Sentinels 
of the North," the appearance of -which 
in the Atlantic Monthly marked the be- 
ginning of this movement. In the 
September issue Captain Wmant gave 



an account of the conference at Durham. 
The article above by the author of the 
"Three Sentinels of the North" is a con- 
tinuation of this same thought, and we 
are glad to announce that in the Decem- 
ber Granite Monthly there will ap- 
pear another article of the series entitled 
"A New Hampshire Program" by Ex- 
Governor Robert P. Bass who has been 
identified with the work of rejuvenating 
our state, especially in respect to the 
development of its water power and 
other natural resources, 



THE GRANITE MONTH LV 



•• 



I 



FEW 

FYPICAL 
SCENES 



The Midway 

Above — A typical scene of the most congested point of the fair ground. Rochester, Ply- 
mouth and Hopkinton fairs are said to have had the greatest attendance of their his- 
tory this year. 



Here Are the Oxen. Where Is the Governor/ 

Below — "Last but not least came the Sandwich Fair with a Governor, a Congressman, a 
General and 68 yoke of oxen on. exhibition." — Concord Monitor and Patriot. 



J ! 



■ ' J 



TYPICAL FAIR SCENES 521 

TAKEN 

mem 



din 









4 


i 


1 



FAIRS 



Tiikfe Prize Winners at the 
Manchester Horse Show 

Or, to be more exact, it might be 
well to say six prize winners. 
New Hampshire has three annua! 
gatherings which still ignore the 
avalanche of automobiles and term 
themselves horse shows. 



m ■■^"■- 



Ax Exciting Finish 

There was little indication of '.'. 

the practice of gambling at this . j 

year's races. A true lover of ; -.'-:. ! 

horse flesh needs to have no . ; 



money at stake to recewe a thrill 



at the firiish 



- 



Doing Their briXT %. 



Societies for the protection of 
dumb animals are putting a stop 
to the "pulling" of teams in ex- 
hibition contests. There are many 
who believe, however, that the 
high bred horse enjoys it even as 
a human athlete enjoys a test of " " 
strength. 



_ V' '. """•-_• ---■ • ,J t 



SM 



A CONTRC 



r rT7*T% i 



SY ON VACCINATION 



A Boston newspaper recently made the statement that the people of New Hamp- 
shire "subsist on politics all the year round." What he probably meant was that it 
is characteristic of Granite State folk to hold strong opinions. There are a number oi 
questions upon which our people differ vitally and which are the subjects for discus- 
sion in many ?. village store * and city lounging place. The Granite Monthly feels 
that its pages should be an open forum for honest opinion on both, sides of these con- 
troversies. In the following article- Dr. E. C. Chase of Plymouth, one of the two 
members of the medical profession who were in the last Legislature, and Arthur Brooks 
Green, of Lincoln, scientific engineer, graduate of Exeter and Harvard, represent two 
fields of thought on the much debated question of compulsory vaccination. The fact 
that there is a hot clash oi opinion between them and that each passionately believes in 
the truth of his cause is shown by the italicized words. A controversy on another 
Question will appear next month'. 



Why 1 Voted Against the Anti-Compulsory- Vaccination Bill 

By Dr. E. C. Chase 
"There is no one so blind as the one ivko won't see.'' 



IS Hi 

f|"lHE subject of small pox is so old 
I and so much has been said and 
written about it that it seems as 
though nothing more can be added. 
However, as I listened to the arguments 
against vaccination last winter in the 
House of Representatives, and before 
the committee of Public Health, I soon 
realized that the laity were very ignorant 
in regard to the matter. The chance of 
their being informed was very small, 
for there is no one so blind as the one 
who won't see. I also discovered that 
it was entirely useless to try by argu- 
ment or proof to convince the majority 
of that house that the laws that had been 
worked out by intelligent and painstak- 
ing men in years past and placed on 
the statute books were of any use. 

As regards small pnx and vaccination, 
if any intelligent person would take the 
pains to look up the account of the rav- 
ages and desolation that the disease has 
wrought since the earliest history of 
the world, and run uncontrolled until 
Dr. Jennings about 127 years ago dis- 
covered vaccination, and then follow up 
the change that has been made since that 
time in nearly stamping out the disease 
in almost every civilized country of the 
world, there would not be any chance 
for an argument against vaccination. 

It is probably admitted by almost 
everybody that small pox is not a de- 



sirable or a pleasant feature of any com- 
munity. One malignant case of that 
dread malady is a more effective argu- 
ment than the words of any physician. 
Consequently, admitting for the moment 
lhat the process of vaccination carries 
with it a certain hazard, it is still neces- 
sary for the opponents of vaccination to 
prove that there are other means of pre- 
venting small pox epidemics. This they 
have never done. Upon the floor of 
the Legislature a gentleman from Con- 
cord, Mr. Kendall, told of his experi- 
ence near the Canada line when a ter- 
rible epidemic was raging on the Canada 
side and scarcely a case appeared across 
the line. Germs and microbes have 
little respect for a boundary line and it 
would seem that the compulsory vac- 
cination which New Hampshire had and 
Canada lacked was the determinant fac- 
tor. The return of small pox to Colo- 
rado and other states after the repeal 
of the vaccination law would indicate 
the same thing. 

But vaccination at the present time 
could scarcely be called a hazardous op- 
eration. Almost every instance of 
blood poison and other ill effects which 
was presented before the Health Com- 
mittee occurred from fifteen to twenty- 
five years ago when surgical science 
lacked the thorough practice of steriliza- 
tion which characterizes it to-day. The 



A CONTROVERSY OX VACCINATION 



oft quoted case of small pox m the 
Philippine islands, small pox which was 
said to have occurred under a thorough 

system of compulsory vaccination, ac- 
tually occurred at a period when the 
American authorities had entrusted these 
measures to native officers and doctors. 
The task was poorly executed by the 
natives, a terrible epidemic broke out, 
and the American government was ob- 
liged to take over the duties of health 
preservation once more. The epidemics 
were immediately suppressed, which is 
ample proof of the fact that vaccination 
was the only safe precaution. 

I am loath to have the efforts of our 
State Board of Health, who have worked 
hard and long for the interest, welfare 
and health of the people of our state, 
who have advised arid framed such laves 
as seemed best for us for that purpose, 
set aside. Nor do I wish to see the. 
disease that has for so lone; a time been 



kept down be allowed to spread 

as it did in the middle ages. Some of 

the uninformed ask why we do not . 
cinate everyone instead of taking 
innocent little school child. The an 
is very simple. This would be don" if 
an epidemic should start, but we arc try- 
ing to get everyone protected when there 
is no epidemic, and as every child is 
supposed to attend school it is thought 
best to have it attended to at the be| in- 
ning of school life. If the law is obeyed 
and all children vaccinated they are im- 
mune for life. If that course is kept 
up it is obvious that we soon shall all 
be protected. I fail to see why I should 
leave the trail that my medical fore- 
fathers have blazed, that has proved to 
be of such wonderful .benefit to the 
human race, and wander off upon some 
untried path, and so I refused to vote 
for the bill. 



Why I Oppose Compulsory Vaccination 

By Arthur 
The man had become so learn 



B. Green 

cd that he refused to learn." 



F a physician is engaged in private 
practice, lii s patients come to him of 
their own free will expecting to re- 
ceive and pay for his careful advice and 
treatment. Under the conditions of priv- 
ate practice, therefore, there is little need 
for public discussion of what the pa- 
tient may seek, or the physician may 
give. On the other hand, if the physi- 
cian joins with others in large numbers 
of his own particular school and urges 
a ttmfo.rm measure for adoption by the 
public, which embraces patients of all 
schools, then the matter assumes public 
importance and should be discussed pub- 
licly. This is the case with vaccination. 

If, then, this practice is to receive un- 
divided public support, there is a tremen- 
dous burden of proof thrown upon those 
who advocate it, and this proof must not 
rest on medical technicality, but it must 
be perfectly plain to every intelligent per- 



son. Unfortunately the practice of vac- 
cination has got its support from physi- 
cians of a single definite school of 
thought and from such laymen as have 
not investigated the matter from any 
other point of view than that of the phys- 
icians of this one school. They have 
sought to show by means of statistics 
that vaccination prevents small-pox; that 
vaccination is not harmful; and that vac- 
cination is the only way in which to elim- 
inate small-pox in epidemic form. They 
have, however, omitted to show the one 
point necessary to establish their case be- 
yond any shadow of a doubt, and that is, 
they have not been able to advance a 
single instance in which the population 
of a territory subject to regular vaccina- 
tion has developed a diminished general 
death rate. 

But inadequacy is not the only charge 
to be brought against the small-pox s% 



M 



Tin; GRANITE MONTHLY 



tisties which arc quoted in support of 
vaccination. The figures themselves 
have been highly colored to say the least ; 
have been usually stircted by medicnl 
authorities whose mission in lite they 
conceive to be to advanee the theories 
of their own particular school, and al- 
most never by laymen. It was found in 
England not long ago that when the of- 
fice of caring for vital statistics was 
taken from a physician and placed by 
law in the hands of a layman there grad- 
ually developed some surprising changes 
in the causes which were set down for 
death. It: was not longer possible to 
record a death from measles in an un- 
vaccinated person as being due to small - 
pox, or a death, from small pox in a 
vaccinated person as being due to 
measles. 

Small-pox figures were badly garbled 
in another instance when the advocates 
of vaccination pointed to the fact that 
in the Franco-Prussian War the German 
soldiers were well vaccinated, and the 
French were not, and that there was a 
widespread epidemic of small pox among 
the French soldiers, while the German 
soldiers were practically free from the 
disease. The fact of the matter was that 
the statistics in the first place had not 
been accurately kept at least on the 
French side, and that when the facts 
Which were available were finally sifted 
out carefully, it appeared that the state- 
ment was true — but the French soldiers 
contracted their small-pox after being 
made prisoner;, in German camps, wnile 
active French soldiers on the righting 
front were practically free from that 
disease. 

Perhaps the one area of the earth's 
surface in which the last twenty years 
have seen the most rigid enforcement 
of compulsory vaccination is the area of 
the Philippine Islands under the juris- 
diction of the United States Govern- 
ment. Periodic and regular vaccina- 
tion of the populace was begun there in 
1905, and up to recently strong claims 
have been made as to the absence of 



small-pox in this tropical country. Most 
rigid was the enforcement of vaccina- 
tion in Manila. In some other parts of 
the Islands, particularly in the part 
known as Mindanao, the religious be- 
liefs of the people led them to resist the 
in- roads of the vaccinating physicians. 
In the year 1918 the Philippine Health 
Service was obliged to report the most 
serious epidemic (of small-pox in the 
history of the Islands. Not only was 
the epidemic severe and widespread, bur 
the percentage of deaths among those 
who took the disease was amazingly 
high. The peculiar fact to be noted is 
that the percentage of mortality, that is. 
the ratio of deaths to cases w r as 65. 3% 
in Manila, the best vaccinated region, 
and 1 1 A?c in Mindanao, the least vac- 
cinated region. 

Unfortunately, however, the health 
authorities failing to learn a lesson from 
tin's harrowing experience determined 
to vaccinate even more thoroughly, and 
forced their practice upon the territory 
which had formerly resisted it. As a 
result the epidemic instead of being 
stamped out spread to the districts in 
which it had been slightest. 

1 said at the outset that it was not 
enough to stamp out small -pox, but the 
general death rate must be decreased. 
We have seen that vaccination does not 
stamp out small-pox, and here is an in- 
dication from the report of General 
Leonard Wood in 1921 that vaccination 
in the Philippines actually had the effect 
of setting up if not small-pox itself, then 
certainly a great number of other mala- 
dies of an acute and serious nature. He 
says, "There has been a steady increase 
in recent years in preventable diseases, 
especially typhoid, malaria, beriberi and 
tuberculosis." 

I also said at the outset that the phy- 
sicians who urge vaccination upon us 
have tried to show that vaccination is the 
only way in which to prevent small-pox. 
I have shown that it has not prevented 
small-pox and that it has set up rnost 
terrible and serious consequences in its 



A CONTROVERSY OK VACCINATION 






own account. I would add that physi- 

cians who oiler vaccination as the only 
preventive ignore pari of their own field 
of knowledge. The pure horneopathists 
practice a preventive against small-pox 
which is- administered internally, which 
has no harmful effects, which is not given 
wholesale in the same way to every body, 
hut is given in a way to account for the 
differences hetween persons ana the dif- 
ferences hetween the forms in which 
small -pox occurs in fact. Instead of 
giving a single remedy for all cases, the 
pure horneopathists have a whole list of 
remedies from which to select in the 
given case. Consequently, the patient 
may have the- benefit of a careful study 
of the particular kind of epidemic small- 
pox against which he is to he protected. 
This method has gained recognition in 
one of our progressive states. 

it is an amusing experience and il- 



lustrative of the type of mind which 
backs up a compulsory medical outi 
that one of these pure horneopathists ii 
a state which did not recognize his 

method of protection made it a practice 
to immunize the children of his pati 
internally as I have described. Then 
after a period to send them to a h: ! 
physician of the other school for the 
regular vaccination, by the injection of 
virus into the blood. After a period ot 
some five years this neighboring all - 
pathic physician awoke to the fact that 
none of the vaccinations made on chil- 
dren coining to him from the horn* >- 
pathist had been successful. Instead of 
seeking out his homeopathic brother for 
an explanation, he simply refused to 
vaccinate any more children that came 
from his office. The man had become 
so learned that he refused to learn. 



HOW ONE COMMUNITY TURNED THE TIDE 



By Earl P. Robinson, 

fjQME places they are talking 
^ about quitting farming and mov- 
ing to the city. But over in Ep- 
som they say that the carpenters are 
all rushed with work and have more 
jobs scheduled with farmers than they 
can do in weeks. And furthermore, 
the writer did not hear the doctrine of 
reduced production advanced. He did 
learn that many were increasing their 
enterprises. In fact the activity of 
carpenters is in considerable part due 
to the expansion of business on poul- 
try farms, and in lesser degree to the 
setting up of new poultry establish- 
ments. Since there are so many com- 
munities in Northern New England 
where a decreasing population, a de- 
creasing number of farms in opera- 
tion and a reduced acreage of crops 
and number of livestock indicate com- 
munities hastening on to dissolution, 
it seems the part of wisdom for all 
public spirited citizens to study com- 
munities that seem most successful in 



County Agent Leader 

stemming the tide and swinging back 
toward vigorous and healthy develop- 
ment. Epsom is such a community. 
Once a thriving dairy town with milk 
shipped out to Manchester and Boston, 
it later experienced hardship, dis- 
couragement and defeat. 

Then something happened. They 
gave, up dairying for poultry. 

The story of the beginnings appears 
to be about like this. Mr. S. W. 
Bickford, becoming dissatisfied with 
the unsettled condition of and small 
returns from dairying about fifteen 
years ago, began to look around for 
a more remunerative type of agricul- 
ture, and noticed Mr. A. N. Peaslee 
of South Pittsfield, who had been in 
the poultry business for years and ap- 
peared to be very successful. Mr. 
Peaslee was helpful in his advice and 
encouragement with the result that 
Mr. Bickford got a good start with 
poultry more than a dozen years ago, 
and has progressed rapidly since then." 



526 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Mr. Bickford states that the introduc- 
tion of the coal burning" brooder stoves 
had considerable to do with his ex- 
pansion of the business. This new 
apparatus enables a man to take care 
of much larger flocks of chicks than 
does the old style of brooder with 
lamps. Another man who was a pi- 
oneer in the business in Epsom was 
Mr. W. C. Burnham. 

Another thing that has been of 
great importance in the development 
of the industry is the fact that Sena- 
tor Walter Tripp of Short Falls, fur 
years a merchant in the community, 
watching the developments taking 
place, noted with deep concern that 
there was less and less milk being 
shipped out each year. Realizing 
that a decreased output from the town 
meant a decreased income and con- 
sequent hardship and perhaps failure 
in the end, his voice was soon up- 
raised in encouragement of the poul- 
try enterprises that were starting in 
a small way. Mr. W. C. Pickard, 
employed in Mr. Tripp's store, was 
also spreading the gospel of poultry 



raising, with good success. There 
undoubtedly were others in the com- 
munity pointing the ,way toward a 
happier economic situation. 

These men were among the first to 
recognize that Epsom was not holding 
its own with the old type of agricul- 
ture,, and with considerable courage 
and initiative they launched into 
something that from the evidence 
looked more profitable. And subse- 
quent developments seem to have 
proved the wisdom of their choice. 

Today Epsom is known far and wide 
as a poultry center. The assessors' 
figures give it the largest number of 
hens of any town in New Hampshire. 
In January, 1923, one thousand and 
eighty-live cases of eggs were shipped 
from the two railroad stations of the 
town, bringing in close to $30,000.00. 
The buyers of baby chicks from many 
states come to Epsom, and even New 
York City commission men accorded it 
distinction by establishing buyers at 
its two shipping points, Epsom Depot 
and Short Falls. 

Within the past six years, Professor 



■ 



.-' 












A Barn Transformed to a Poultry House 



how One community turned the tide 



bZ< 



WT-XMAWE 






1 ULlh 



A. \V. Richardson of the State Univer- 
sity, with his sound advice, infectious 
enthusiasm and substantial help in im- 
proving methods and meeting' the 
problems of the business, has rendered 
a splendid service. 

The store-keepers report that the 
increased prosperity is clearly reflected 
in the improved business and the 
prompt payment for goods. And they 
tell stories of laboring men and others 
who, once having a pretty stiff fight to 
keep even with the world, now have 
from 500 to 2,000 hens each and are 
rapidly getting ahead. One of the 
leading poultrymen is Cjuoted as say- 
ing that with 300 hens well managed 
a laboring man would find himself as 
well situated as with steady work at 
good wages working out. 

The writer, having the prosperity 
of the community as a whole in mind, 
did not investigate cases of individual 
poultrymen to see what the profits 
are. 

But the success of this community is 
significant because New Hampshire 
needs encouragement. And she also 
needs examples. What do we get 
from the success of Epsom that will 



Maine Poultrymen Visit Epsom 

turn other towns 



from their drift 
toward failure, right-about-face toward 
permanent success? 

In the first place many communities 
will have to make radical changes to 
adapt themselves to changed condi- 
tions. Once the cities of Southern 
New England were under the nec- 
essity of buying their dairy products 
near-by. That practically settled the 
question of the type of agriculture for 
thousands of farmers near the cities. 
Now dairy products are easily secured 
from a more distant zone, and at the 
same time strong demands for vegeta- 
bles, fruits and other heavy perish- 
able products make their production 
relatively more attractive. That calls 
for readjustment of agriculture in 
man}' communities. The writer does 
not imply that there is no longer a 
place for dairying;, but he docs insist 
that in view of the rapid and decisive 
changes that have taken place in in- 
dustry — including agriculture — every 
farmer needs to subject his farming 
enterprise to a most vigorous test to 
see whether it does shape up well with 
the new conditions. Try to see where 
one is likely to arrive in twenty years. 



-.-••.■• 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Such a forward view by a prominently 
successful dairyman in Peterbb.ro has 
led him to the policy of starting an or- 
chard on some of his rough fields that 
are difficult to cultivate. In his case 
dairying has been and still is profitable, 
bat lie is looking forward to the time 
when he will no longer want to wage the 
stubborn battle with boulders in a 
rock-strewn field, and when that time 
comes he wants to be prepared to fall 
back on a crop that will give him re- 
turns and satisfaction comparable 
with the business he has for years 
handled so successfully. 

In the second place Epsom commu- 
nity forcefully emphasizes the fact 
that our fortunes are very closely 
bound up together. Failure for a part 
of any community is in some measure 
failure for all. And success for many 
also betters the fortunes of all: 

Take the matter of production. 
There is no place so favorable ior a 
beginner to start as in Epsom or some 
other community where there are 
many .successful poultry men. He can 
get his stock easier, can watch the 
methods employed and learn from the 
failures as well as the successes. In 
such communities new discoveries 
and better methods make their first 
appearance, and there also warnings 
of danger are first sounded. The 



writer believes also, from his brief 
survey of the community, that Epsom 
realizes that any failure in the commu- 
nity hurts all of the members. There 
is, therefore, a sympathetic interest in 
the new ventures and a hope that they 
will meet with success. 

And marketing, that great unsolved 
problem of the farmer, becomes much 
simpler where a large volume of busi- 
ness develops in a given community. 
One man said it amused him this 
past sumnier to witness the discom- 
fiture of hucksters who previously had 
done a flourishing business there, who 
now return to their home towns in 
Massachusetts almost empty-handed, 
because local representatives of two 
large wholesalers from New York, re- 
cently established in Epsom and 
Short Falls, have put the market 
above what it had been. There are 
rumors that these firms plan to estab- 
lish a service of carload shipments of 
poultry. That means reduction of handl- 
ing and shipping costs, which will at least 
in some measure benefit the poultry 
raiser. 

It appears, therefore, that Epsom 
has prospered. That should encourage 
every community in the state and should 
suggest the means of turning the tide 
where it is now flowing in the wrong 
direction. 



. 



t»a tua w 



} 



•jta. ..-.-, 



THE KITCHEN' AS A WORKSHOP 

------- - v -~>\A 



545 . 



-ex 




year a campaign for better a 



chens. The 



drawings 



Figure 1. 

The Home Demonstration Agents of 
the Extension Service of New Hamp- 
shire have waged quite successfully this 

„ d kit- 
are of a 

real kitchen in New Hampshire — one 
showing the old arrangement and the 
other the new. 

In the first, these inconveniences were 
found : — The pump was on the east side, 
and the sink on the west side. The 
handle of the pump was on the 
left side (and the woman was 
right-handed). The sink was 
too low. The pantry had no 
window and the working space 
was too small. \\\ order to en- 
ter the pantry froth the kitchen 
it was necessary to go through 
the living room. The refriger- 
ator was in the shed. The lamps 
did not light the working sur- 
faces. The walls were painted 
gray and the woodwork a darker 
shade. The woodbox was on 
the wrong side of the stove. The 
floor was full of splinters. 

At the suggestion of the 
Home Demonstration Agent the 
following changes were made : — 
The sink was moved to the east 



side near the pump, and it 
was raised to the proper 
height. The handle of the 
pump was changed to the 
right side. A window was 
put in the pantry above the 
'''^Kv vvor ^ m to surface, and a door 
!|!) Sljj opened into the kitchen. A 
ttj closed cupboard in the pantry 
was made for the dishes. The- 
re frigerator was set in the 
pantry. Reflectors were 

placed on the lamps. The 
woodbox was put on the 
other side of the stove. Lin- 
oleum solved the floor pro- 
blem, and a new coat of tan 
paint made the kitchen a 
more cheerful place to work. 
A comfortable chair, and a 
small table with a magazine or two on 
it will help the woman to take advantage 
of a few minutes' rest between duties. 

Consider making a pie in these two 
kitchens. The steps involved are traced 
in the two diagrams, starting in each 
case from the circle and along line 1. 

Formerly the. woman had to make 
the following journev, shown in Figure 
1. 

To cellar for apples. 




Lr K JET l c ^ 

i n \<* 

/* ' ' v 



Sto v« 



n 



L_ 



r 



iu 



j** 



Figure 2. 




546 -" O'rr^' THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

To pump for water.. pared apples (sitting on high stool). 

To sink where she pared apples To pantry where refrigerator, cabinet 

(standing up). and cupboard are all in one area. 

To pantry where she left them ready To pump for water to make crust and 

to use. back to cabinet. 

To refrigerator for shortening. To stove to put pie in oven. 

Back to pantry. To woodbox to get wood, and back- 
To pump for water to make piecrust to stove 
audi to moisten edges of same. To sink for pan and cloth. 

To stove to put pie in oven. To stove for hot water and back to 

To woodbox for wood and back to sink. 

stove. With a few steps she washed the 

To sink for pan and cloth to clean up. dishes, cleaned up the cabinet, and put 

To stove for hot water and back to the dishes, pan, and cloth away. In 

sink. other words, she "used her head to save 

To pantry to get dishes and back to her heels." 

sink. This is not an exaggerated case of 

To pantry to take dishes back and poor arrangement, for many such cases 

clean up working surface. have been found this year. A woman 

Back to sink to put away cloth and needs but to give some intelligent 
pan. thought to equipment and its arrange- 
Now she only has to make the follow- ment in order to take the "drudge out 
ing steps, shown in Figure 2: of drudgery/' In other words she 

To cellar for apples. should "use her head and save her 

To 'sink where she got water and heels." 



THE LOST BOY 

By Carl Holliday 

University of Toledo, Ohio 

Along the street I see some laddie go, 
With cap thrown back and locks all tost ; 

The quick pang strikes my heart, and old, old woe 
That hungers for the boy I lost. 

And in the deep night when the streets are still 

I see again the face, and heai 
The voice that rings its merriment so shrill ; 

And in the dark I brush a tear. 

And so I think that as I gaze, heart-sore, 

Upon each laddie passing by, 
I see my boy, and love all boys the more 

Because of one lost long ago. 



THE FARM BUREAU MO \ ? EMENT "&% 



By H. Styles Bridges 





We know of 


the 


"farm 


bloc" 


in 


C 


ongress. 


We have seen the 


upb 


cava I of the 


wheat £ai 


mors 


of 


tl 


e middle west. 


We 


have 


eve 


n heard that 


the f 


a finer 


is de. r 


mat 


iding- that 


moving 


picture 


pro- 


due 


ers shall cease to 


represent h 


im 


as a "hick 


s> 








Here you h 


ave 


the story o 


f tl 


le 


growth 


of the 


N.R. 


Farnr 


Bur 


eau, one of 


the 


most 


impoi 


tar 


it 


factors 


in the 


Agricu 


Itural 


movement in thi 


s state. 

















fTlHE fanner's job as a producer and 
I his environment have tended to 
make him an individualist. This 
has been true for generations, more es- 
pecially so in the early days of this 
country. The farmer was practically 
self-sufficient, raising his own food and 
making his own clothing. As the coun- 
try developed, great centers of industry 
grew and gradually but surely the fann- 
er became more dependent upon the 
town. The centralization of the various 
industries into great and strong corpora- 
tions meant that the individual farmers 
must deal with powerful units with 
which they were not fitted to cope. Time 
after time .big business has had the up- 
per hand in their dealings with the farm- 
er. On all big questions, industry and 
various forms of business has been al- 
ways represented. Capital and Labor 
have organized and their voice is heard 
on all questions concerning the general 
public or themselves, but in the past the 
voice of agriculture has either been si- 
lent or has been so weak as to be only 
faintly heard. The- farmer has sensed 
the situation and a desire for organiza- 
tion has crept into being. He is at- 
tempting to meet the conditions brought 
about by consolidation in other lines 
of business by eo-operation with 
his fellow producers in an organized 
way. 

During the past few decades, many 
movements have stirred in the breasts 
of the farmers of this state and Nation, 



but none have had more significance 
than the great Farm Bureau movement. 
This has seen its tenth anniversary in 
New Hampshire during the past sum- 
mer. The Farm Bureau is outstanding 
in the fact that it is one of the few great 
organizations that have been built from 
the bottom up rather than from the top 
down. The root of this organization lies 
iii the rural communities. The communi- 
ties function with a community program. 
The communities in turn are united in 
county units which are in turn united in 
State Federations that deal with prob- 
lems o^ a state- wide nature which are 
in turn united in the American Farm 
Bureau Federation, the voice and cham- 
pion of American Agriculture.. Any 
organization built from the bottom up 
is on a firm foundation and with this 
stable beginning the Farm Bureau has 
been making steady progress since its 
birth. 

The Farm Bureau is a non-political 
organization. An organization that 
takes the place of no other, but fits in 
a place all by itself. 

The mission of the Farm Bureau is 
to render service. It is not an uprising 
of outraged farmers, nor is it an or- 
ganization to accumulate strength to 
fight the other fellow. It simply ren- 
ders service to the agriculture, that basic 
industry of this State and Nation on 
which all other industries depend. With- 
out a prosperous agriculture other in- 
dustries cannot enjoy prosperity, so the 



530 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Farm Bureau 


not 


only 


is 


a service 


or-? 


ganization to 


agr 


icultt 


re. 


but to 


the 



1916, and St rat 



whole Nation. 

The first Farm Bureau in New Hamp- 
shire was organized in 1913 in Sullivan 
County, and the second in 1914 in Chesh- 
ire County. Belknap, Coos, and Mer- 
rimack in 1915. Grafton, Rockingham, 
and Hillsborough in 
ford and Carroll in 
1917. 

The County Farm 
Bureau is primari- 
ly an organization 
through which Ex- 
tension work in Ag- 
riculture and Home 
•Economics is done. 
The problem of an 
adequate food sup- 
ply at fair prices is 
one of the biggest if 
riot the biggest before 
the country. The 
farms are the source 
of the country's food 
sup}*!}" and this source 
therefore must be 
protected and devel- 
oped to meet the in- 
creasing needs of the 
Nation. The county 
Farm Bureaus through 
their Agricultural 
Extension work are 
on the job at all times 
in helping solve the 
farmer's problems of 
production. Farming 
as a business differs 
from other lines of business in that the 
home is an essential part of the enter- 
prise and therefore the county Farm Bu- 
reaus through their Extension work in 
Home Economics are playing a very im- 
portant part in the upkeep of the rural 
home. 

The boys and girls of to-day will be 
the citizens of tomorrow-. So with this 
in mind, the Count}' Farm Bureaus are 
promoting boys' and girls' club work. 
In this work lies one of the brightest 




O. F. Braifute, President American 



hopes of a future for New Hampshire. 

The New Hampshire Farm Bureau 

Federation saw its birth in December, 

1916. The State Farm Bureau Ferer- 
tion acts as the mouth-piece of the 
farmers of the State on all matters con- 
cerning agriculture. The American Farm 
Bureau Federation was organized in the 
winter of 1919-20 and with its organi- 
zation the farmers 
from New Hamp- 
shire to California 
were bound together 
in an organization 
that was national in 
character as well as 
name. The American 
Farm Bureau Feder- 
ation is the national 
spokesman for the 
farmer. When Presi- 
dent Calvin Coolidge 
wants to know the 
real agricultural situ- 
ation and learn the 
desires of agricul- 
ture, he calls in Gray 
Silver, the Washing- 
ton representative of 
the Farm Bureau. 

One of the things 
often asked regard- 
ing the Farm Bureau, 
is what line of Farm 
Bureau work are 
public funds devoted 
to? This can he 
easily answered as 
every cent of public 
money used by the 
Farm Bureau is for Extension work or 
educational work and open to all citizens. 
The funds from memberships are used 
in supporting county, State and National 
organizations, and in most cases many 
thousands of membership funds are con- 
tributed annually to support Extension 
work. 

One of the main reasons for the ut- 
most confidence of the farmers in the 
Farm Bureau is the fact that from its 
start it has had trie leading men of the 



Bureau Federation 



THE FARM BUREAU MOVEMENT 



531 



community, county, state and Nation lerprises of the State, and a successful 

for its leaders. Real men, the Lest the dairy farmer, owning one of New Eng- 

country produces and New Hampshire land's finest herds of purebred jerseys. 

produces some good men. The present officers and Executive Com- 

The first president of the State Feder- mittee of the State Federation are all 

ation in New 7 Hampshire was Roy D. successful . farmers, and are among the 

Hunter of .Garemont. Mr. Hunter is state's leading; citizens They are Her- 



SOQHE 



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V GET THROUG^y~~ 7 7^ " ~ ~ \ 
OV .KILLERS? Vy ^f ^ A wwjsn-t «t? /J -{ Ur> 
c <^>,^ 4',H A ' T- rr-^U , S(< ( ,1U I' f 



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^ 



What Organization Does 

a successful farmer and an outstanding bert X. Sawyer, Atkinson; Fannie B. 

man in the State. The present head White, Claremont; S. A. Lovejoy, Mil- 

of the State Federation, and a man in- ford; H. S. Smith, Monroe; J. C. 

terested in the movement from the Avery, VVolfboro; Arthur P. Read, 

start, is George M. Putnam, one of New Winchester; Earl P. Robinson, Dur- 

Hampshire's leading farmers and citi- ham, County Agent Leader, mem- 

zens, a man who for years has been con- her cx-ofiicio ; and Mrs. Abbie C. 

nccted with most of the agricultural en- Sargent, Bedford is chairman of 






THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



H. Stylos Bridges 
Sec'y N. H. Farm Bureau Federation 

the women's work for the State. 

The first, as well as the present, paid 
secretary of the State Farm Bureau 
Federation, is the writer of this article. 

The first president of the American 
Farm Bureau Federation was James 
Howard of Iowa, one of the outstanding- 
men of America, and one of the best 
farmers in Iowa. It has often been said 
it was just as providential that "Jim" 
Howard was chosen the first president 
of the American Farm Bureau Federa- 
tion as it was that George Washington 
was chosen the first president of the 
United States. 

Gray Silver, the Washington repre- 
sentative of the American Farm Bureau 
is a successful West Virginia farmer. 
A man who lias won the respect of all 
men because since assuming the reins 
of the legislative department of the 
Farm Bureau he has championed the 
cause of our farmers and does not al- 
low partisan prejudice to interfere. 

John Coverdale, former county agent 
leader at the Iowa State College, served 
as the first secretary of the Iowa 
Farm Bureau Federation, and has 
been secretary of the American Farm 



Bureau Federation since its origin. 

Oscar E. Bradfute, of Ohio, is the 
present heiid of the American Farm Bu- 
reau Federation. Mr. Bradfute is one 
of the Nation's best known farmers, 
owning and operating a large farm in 
his home state where he has one of the 
finest herds of Aberdeen Angus in the 
West. 

The Farm Bureau in a few words is 
the service organization of the farmers 
of this country. It was founded by 
men of vision. Its activities include 
every known phase and element of 
American agriculture. It has no pre- 
judices, no animosities, no race or color 
lines, political debts or affiliations, no 
destructive tendencies, no grudges to 
work off, and it asks for no special 
privileges. It does not believe that ag- 
riculture should rule the world, but it 
does believe that the farmers of this 
country have a definite responsibility in 
the conducting of public affairs and 
should receive equal consideration with 
other industries. The Farm Bureau is 
not a fad, not a whim, not a luxury, but 
a necessity to the farmers of the State 
and Nation. 



: 






George M. Putnam 
Pres. N. H. Farm Bureau Federation 



MAKINGNEE 

The St or) of Aii 
By Helen 



DLES AT HILL £33 

] edoxiiitable Spirit 
F. McMillin 

\T EITHER Ponce de Leon and his Mr. Woodward bought it and in the 



s : ! light- hearted adventurers, seeking 
the Fountain of Youth in the New 
World, nor the more modern, it less 
picturesque, scientists of the monkey 
glands have been able yet to do much 
toward lengthening the span of life of 
the average man beyond the three-score 
and ten of the old psalmist. Perhaps 

the discovery is just , - 

around the corner. 
Perhaps in a decade 
or so we shall know- 
how to live to one 
hundred and fifty or 
so without effort. 
But there are not 
many men to-day 
who, having accom- 
plished the traditional 
span of years and 
even added to them 
the ten which are sup- 
posed to be "labour 
and sorrow," feel 
competent . to tackle 
again the task which 
fifty years ago enlist- 
ed all the powers of 
their youth. Mr. F. 
R. Woodward of 
Hill is doing exactly | 
that, and doing it 
with the enthusiasm . ; , 
of a boy and the 
energy of a half - 
dozen younger men. 

A little more than ! 

fifty years ago. in ■ * * 

1872 to be exact, Mr. Fr *nk R. 

Woodward moved his household goods 
into Hill and began to establish there a 
needle factory. A few years passed 
and his interests turned to new enter- 
prises and the factory was sold. This 
summer the factory, then the property 
of the George A. Adams Company of 
Franklin, was offered again for sale. 



months just past has been vigorously 
working out plans of organization. 
Water-power development, improved ma- 
chinery, a system of profit-sharing 
among the employees : these are some of 
the factors in Mr. Woodward's plans. 

The pessimists shake their heads. It's 
hard enough., they say to keep a well es- 
~~_,--.-. .. . : - r .... , tablished needle fac- 
tory running in these 
days when the market 
for knitted goods 
seems to have slump - 
: ed astonishingly. To 
build up a run-down 

business — ■ But 

Mr. Woodward only 
smiles and goes on 
working. 

"The business has 
changed a lot in fifty 
years." he says. 
"When I used to 
make needles there 
was only one auto- 
matic process in the 
whole shop. The 

workmen did most of 
the work by hand. 
Now almost every 
step is handled by 
machinery." 

The needles which 
this factory is mak- 
ing are the so-called 
I latch- needles used on 
. •• I machines knitting un- 

- -- ---■■—• — :;A derwear. stockings, 

Woodward etc. Shaped some- 

thing' like a crochet hook with a tiny 
metal latch which swings back to allow 
the hook to grasp a thread and which 
closes over the hook as it is drawn 
through the fabric, the latch needle does 
not seem like a complicated bit of 
mechanism. But the tiny rivet, not more 
than a 100th part of an inch long in the 



W4 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Needle Shop Established by Mr. Wood 

finished needle, which fastens the latch 
to the shaft is threaded like a screw ; the 
latch fits' againsts the point of the hook 
without the slightest deviation or rough- 
ness which might catch in the knitting ; 
the needles are tempered for strength, 
carefully tested for smoothness, and 
specially treated lest the moisture from 
the hands of the workmen cause them 
to rust. Their manufacture is a task 
for skilled workmen. It is moreover 
an industry which belongs peculiarly to 
New Hampshire. Within a twenty-mile 
radius of Franklin are located the ma- 
jority of the latch needle factories of the 
world. There may he a temporary 
slowing of demand, there ma}' be oc- 
casional rough spots in the development 
of the business, but these are only pass- 
ing phases, as Mr. Woodward well 
realizes. 

In the years which have intervened 
between Mr. Woodward's two needle- 
making enterprises, his activities in Hill 
have been many and varied. The story 
is not without its chapters of discour- 
agement. 

Climbing the hill behind the needle 
factory one comes upon a ruined dam. 
The river, scarcely more than a tiny 



ward and Recently Repurchased by Him. 

brook after the summer droughts, 
threads its way over the stones and 
through a jagged hole in the wall of 
the dam. The foundations of the dam 
under the river bed are intact, the top 
of the wall is unbroken; it stands like a 
great arch supported on both sides by 
the river banks. Some day a spring 
freshet may tear away the remaining 
supports, and nature will have com- 
pletely effaced the work of man's hands 
designed to harness the force of the 
water. 'Once, behind that wall of cement 
and stone, stretched a sheet of water 
some half a mile long and thirty feet 
deep, a power development which not 
only turned the wheels of the needle 
factory but supplied other businesses 
with power and homes with light. And 
then one stormy night in the spring of 
1918, the inhabitants of Hill heard the 
crv. "The dam lias gone out!" heard the 
rushing of water and saw buildings 
swept away and trees uprooted in the 
flood. Part of the novelty factory was 
torn away, the other part was saved by 
a concrete, building which buttressed 
the wooden structure. One house 

was washed away in the line of 
the flood. Another was cut open. 



Making needles at hill 



135 



• . ■ v • . • . 






" * I - 



Formerly a barn — Now the New England Novelty Works 



The loss of property was very great. 

"Some folks claimed first that it was 
faulty building," said Mr. Woodward. 
"They claimed we used too big stones 
in the construction, but we showed them 
the specifications for the Roosevelt dam, 
calling for even bigger stones. There 
wasn't any fault in the structure. I took 
too good care in building it, made it ac- 
cording to scien- 
tific measurements, .•'•*?/. 
and all that." y ' ■ '"' *-• 

"What do you f 
think was the v 

cause then?"' we \ •?. 

asked. 

"I guess every- ' 
body agrees now j 
that it was the y 
work of spies," • 
said Mr. Wood- p 
ward. "You see - ■ 

that hole. It has [ 
jagged cracks all 
round it. Looks \ 
like a pane of glass 
when a boy has I 
thrown his ball 

through it. It [ ■ ._..,,,,'.:. ...;.. 

wouldn't look like 
that if some weak 



M 



The factory in which Mr. Woodward manu- 
factured Glass Cutters in 1873. 



part of the dam had given away. And 
besides we found traces of the dyna- 
miters up there in the woods, fuses, and 
even some dynamite which hadn't ex- 
ploded. 

"It was just about that time that they 
arrested a fellow up at Wolfeboro, a 
spy. He had driven through Hill. He 
saw the dam. 'Was that the job they did 
up here?' he N said. 
'They made a 
pretty thorough 
job of it.' Sounded 
as though he knew 
something about it, 
didn't it? 

Whatever the 
cause was, it cost 
us the profits of a 
year." 

But Mr. Wood- 
ward spoke as 
though the loss of 
the money and the 
wiping out of 
years of hard work 
was to be regarded 
as a mere incident 
in a busy life. We 
walked down the 
hill into the village 



. '■■<■ 

I 
i 



53G 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



again and there saw another branch 
oi this indefatigable gentleman's busi- 
ness, the New England Novelty Works, 
where men and women were busily at 

work making glass cutters. Like the 
needles, the cutters are seemingly very 

sini])le — just Hide steel disks, ground 
and tampered and fitted into handles and 
boxed — but their making involves care- 
fin workmanship and painstaking labor. 
. "The factory building." said Mr. 
.Woodward with a gleam of humor in his 
steel blue e}-es, "'was said to be the best 
barn in the state of New Hampshire 
when it was made. But it makes a pretty 
good factory, light, well ventilated." 
Two factories would keep almost any 
roan busy, but not Mr. Woodward. A 
power plant, equipped with oil burning 
engines —rather an innovation in this 



part r.\ the country— is one of his pro- 



jects now nearing completion. 



And 



lest factories and power plant fail to 
keep him busy all the time, be is plan- 
ning to develop a mica mine across the 
river in Sanhornton. He is enthusiastic 
over the proposition. The mica samples 
he says are of very high quality. 

In all these enterprises, Mr. Wood- 
ward's partner is his son, Mr. II. A. 
Woodward, and the younger man shows 
the same qualities which have contrib- 
uted to make his father's success. 

There are those who question New 
Hampshire's ability to hold her own in 



the modern industrial struggle. 



The 



answer is here. So long as the state 
can produce men of the energy and re- 
sourcefulness of the. Woodwards, father 
and son, we need not fear. 



A FRACTION OF A SECOND 

The Cost of Carelessness 
By Philip Dodd 



NE Sunday morning a happy little 
family started out on an all-day 
automobile ride. The father had 
been at work the preceding week, the 
mother had been occupied at home and 
the children had been at school. All wel- 
comed the respite from the week's work, 
as they joyfully rode along the broad, 
well-kept highway through beautiful 
New Hampshire. 

Monday morning a small headline in 
the papers announced "Two Fatalities 
in Auto Collision!" That was all a. far 
as the public was concerned. But in a 
certain hospital lay an unconscious man 
unaware that in the same building lay 
the bodies of his wife and son, and that 
in the care of the kind nurses his little 
daughter was softly weeping and call- 
ing for "Mother." In a police court 
nearby a young man was being held on 
the charge of manslaughter. 
. All this was due to the fraction of a 
second's carelessness. Had the two 
drivers sounded their horns audi merely 



imagined that there was another car 
around the corner, there would have 
been just another "close shave" and a 
decision to be more careful on the next 
curve. But how many drivers take 
these precautions? Very few. It is 
by no more than "luck" that there is not 
an accident on every half mile of road 
every ten minutes. One may be the 
most cautious driver imaginable; there 
is always the man around the corner 

who is trying for a "record"- the 

record that is kept in the annals of the 
Grim Reaper. 

Great Increase in Motor 
Accidents 

LL over the United States there lias 
*• been a steadily increasing number 
of automobile accidents in the last few 
years. In grade crossing accidents 
alone, the increase in five years has been 
80%, according to the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission in a recent report. 



A 



And 



the United States there were 



A FRACTION OF A SECOND 



537 



1-1,000 deaths in 1922 as compared to 
13700 in 1921, while in 1923, 15,000 
deaths have already been reported. 
Xo statistics are available as to the 

exact number that have occurred in this 
State in the past summer but, counting 
minor accidents, it has been estimated 
at about fifty a week. This includes 
grade crossing accidents, skidding, col- 
liding, leaving the road on curves and 
the many results of mechanical defects. 
Of course the appalling increase in 
death and injury from automobile ac- 
cidents came partly as a result of the 
remarkable increase in the number of 
automobiles. In Xew Hampshire alone 
we have issued this year 10,696 more 
licenses than in 1922. Undoubtedly we 
shall continue to have more automobiles 
and unless there is a. radical change, all 
statistics point to the conclusion, that 
we shall also continue to have increas- 
ing mortality from motor accidents. 
What is to be done? 

What Our Highway Department 
is Doing 

"I" ET us first consider what lias been 
■*-* done. A consultation with Mr. 
Johnson, engineer in the State Highway 
Department, showed that this office has 
done, and is doing, its level best to meet 
the situation. In the first place, in all 
their new construction the}' are making 
wider and safer roads. The improved 
State highways are eighteen feet wide 
with three foot shoulders, making a total 
width of twenty four feet of surface 
suitable for a motor vehicle to travel on. 
Theoretically, this handles safely any a- 
mount of travel. The curves are thor- 
oughly banked to care for those who 
must speed and to make possible a uni- 
form rate of speed. The rails on either 
side of the road are painted white so 
twenty-four hours of the day the course 
of the road is visibly marked. Then 
they have taken means to eliminate the 
grade crossings on the main highways. 
One is to change the course of the road. 
At a point where it crosses the railroad 



twice in a short distance it is straight- 
ened, making the highway run parallel to 
the railroad, thus cutting off both cross- 
ings. At places where it is possible, un- 
derpasses and overhead bridges are con- 
structed. Where neither of these cours- 
es are feasible, gates, signs, or signal 
lights are placed. Of minor considera- 
tion, but still of importance, are the pre- 
cautions take.!) during periods of high- 
way construction, or repair. Where the 
road is unsafe for travel, detours are 
laid out and other work is marked with 
signs and lights. When traffic is heavy 
a watchman is frequently detailed to e- 
liminate a headlong dash into a piece of 
torn up road, but, nevertheless, many ac- 
cidents result from this, no matter how 
well the places are guarded. 

Grade Crossing Accidents 

Z*" 1 RADE crossing accidents deserve 

V? special consideration. In the year 
1922 the Interstate Commerce Commis- 
sion reported 7,193 deaths from this 
cause alone. New Hampshire's share 
was small, to be sure, but from the atti- 
tude of the Motor Vehicle Department 
and of the Public Service Commission 
this fall, it can safely be said that the 
toll in 1923 has been more than that of 
last year. The Public Service Commis- 
sion wants a comprehensive survey of all 
grade crossings and to have "protection 
ordered in a logical and systematic man- 
ner." As the Boston and Maine Rail- 
road is reported as lacking the necessary 
financial means to properly accomplish 
this, the state will probably have this 
to do. 

As has been stated there are several 
ways to protect crossings. The most 
common and least feasible is the system 
of bells, lights or semaphores. The 
first objection is mechanical. Any elec- 
trical device is delicate and those that 
are installed in the open air are exposed 
to many climatic conditions that are 
liable to (render them defective when 
most needed. Consequently a driver 
cannot always trust these signals and 



53S 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



This One Hurried Over the 

therefore does not pay them proper at- 
tention. 

An investigation by the Public Ser- 
vice Commission in September will 

serve to illustrate this point. It was 
conducted as a result of frequent com- 
plaints on the crossing at Winnisquam 
Station oh the Daniel "Webster Highway. 
This erossing- is protected with a sema- 
phore system. In three hours 293 cars 
passed, out of which 80 travelled at an 
unslackened pace paying no attention to 
the crossing, 73 slowed up without look- 
ing to see if the track was clear, 45 stop- 
ped but did not await the signal and 41 
stopped and looked both ways. What can 
be done with a situation like this? To 
meet all these conditions, it looks as if 
the only way to "logically" protect a 
crossing is to either build bridges, or 
underpasses, at great expense, or to in- 
stall gates, or employ watchmen. 

Patrolling Slate Highways 

LEGISLATION goes a long way to 
solve the difficulty. In the White 
Mountains this summer a State motor- 
cycle policeman patrolled the roads and 
the knowledge of his being there curbed 
the recklessness of many out-of-state 
motorists, who, as a rule, are the worst 
offenders. But to thorougldy patrol all 
our highways, successful as it may be, 
would involve an expense so great as 
to be practically prohibitive. 



The City of Omaha 
has met the problem 
in a novel way. This 
city struck upon the 
idea of having the 
careful driver re- 
i strain the reckless 
and indifferent auto- 
l mobilist. A number 
of prominent citizens 
were, organized by the 
city government to 
; serve as volunteer 
police officers with- 
out uniforms upon 
call from the police 
Crossni £- department for the 

enforcement of various state and city 
ordinances. School boys are also pressed 
into service outside of school hours who 
report violations of trie motor laws to 
the Secretary of the Civilian's Board, 
who causes arrests to be made after 
the third offense. The civilian traffic 
"cops" are carefully chosen and there- 
fore are able to render great service as 
speakers as well. Such a plan would be 
of exceptional merit if followed out in 
the congested districts of New Hamp- 
shire. The Massachusetts Safe Roads 
Federation has followed a plan similar 
to some extent in selecting motorists to 
report flagrant violations of the motor 
laws, the cases of drunkeness and reck- 
less driving receiving special notice. 

Safe Guards 

TI/TANY accidents result from dim, or 
-*-*-*- glaring lights at night. In most 
states the law requires that the lights 
be focused so that the direct rays of 
light are no more than waist high at a 
distance of two hundred feet. Massa- 
chusetts has this law and it is rigidly 
enforced and the Safety Council says 
that it has gone a long way to make night 
driving safer. However the Motor Ve- 
hicle Commissioner of New Hampshire 
is not in favor of the law. He states 
that it does not work in practice as the 
lenses after being carefully adjusted will 
invariably rattle, loose in the course of 



A FRACTION OF A SECOND 



539 



a day's driving and tr- 

eatise all manner of 

• inconvenience for the 
car owner. The New 
Hampshire law pro- 
vides only thru "all 
motor vehicles equip- 
ped with electric 
headlights shall be 
equipped with some 
device to permanent- 
ly dim the glare or to • 
scatter the rays of 
light from the same." I 
This is fair!}' definite 
and if motorists fol- 
low it to the letter it 
ought to prevent ac- ' ... ... 

cidents resulting from 
glaring lights. 

In some municipal districts of this 
state the plan of painting a wide white 
line in the center of the highway has 
been followed out and it might be well 
to carry out this plan on all our state 
highways, curves, blind places and cross- 
roads, as Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island have ihm^, and which the Massa- 
chusetts Safety Council states has been 
exceptionally helpful. 

France has a unique system of cross- 
roads protection. All her highways are 
divided into four classes. National 
routes, state routes (Routes Depart- 
ment) trunk line roads and local roads. 
The initial of the class is placed on the 
stones at the roadside and in matters of 
right-of-way, the classes have preference 
in the order named. A similar system 
in this country might relieve the con- 
fusion that certainly exists about our 
rule that "the vehicle approaching from 
die right has the right of way." Again 
and again questions arise over this rule 
after an accident has occurred. 

Licenses Must Be Made Stricter 

Q HOULD the requirements for hold- 
^ ing an operator's license be made 
more strict, 'the possibility of having 
poor drivers on the roads would un- 
doubtedly be less. At present the law 



til 



rhis One Passed a Car on a Curve. 

requires a driving examination and those 
afflicted with very serious physical in- 
firmities are not allowed to operate mo- 
tor vehicles. But drinkers, drug ad- 
dicts, people of poor sight and hearing, 
unfortunately can often secure licenses. 
Such drivers are sooner or later sure 
to be involved in a motor accident. 
There is indeed a growing sentiment 
that ih<i rules for issuing and revoking 
licenses should be. more strict. It has 
even been suggested advisable to have 
every applicant for a driver's license 
undergo the army's physical and mental 
test for a pilot of aviation. 

The Man Behind the Wheel 

"|3L"T after all is said, it remains with 
-*-* the man behind the wheel. We can- 
not make our laws and our highways 
foolproof. Something more must be done 
to educate our people to some sense of 
responsibility for the tragic and quite 
unnecessary toll of death and injury 
from motor accidents occurring almost 
every minute of the day. In the last 
analysis the safety of human life on our 
highways rests upon the caution and in- 
telligence of the man behind the wheel. 
The human angle of the problem is, 
as always the most vital and important 
aspect. 



AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS : 

^jri Compiled by Arthur Johnson 

, ■ O. • f>f^ Illustrated by Elizabeth Shurtleff ^!^V5)1 V 



**;* 'A 






mm 



m 



r 



i 1 1 



ifiiifffl 



11 










YOUTH 

By Amy S. Jennings 

Do you "hear the hooves of the horses 

pound 
On the wet spring road where youth 

is riding? 
The petals of wild pear cling around 
His feet and Iris stirrups, and, dimly 

hiding, 
Dip in the locks of his flaming hair — 
Wind-washed blossoms of early pear. 
Do you. hear the hooves' of the horses 

pound ? 
Straight limbs pressed to the. shining 

flank, 
And the stinging odor, sharp and rank, 
Of sweat and the steaming ground? 
Swift in the wind, cold in the wind, 
Firm is the flesh as the golden bud 
Of a beech in spring, and wide behind, 
Drenched in the copious glittering 

rain, 
Streams his cloak of the color of 

blood, 
And branches catch at his rein. 

The wind is intimate in his ear 
With terrible songs of death and 

laughter ; 
But the sound of love and sound of 

fear 
Are dec.r to him, and he rides the 

faster. 

Riding, riding, 
Oh, not yet 
Has he need to remember or need to 

forget. 







lllili' fm 



illr 



Iff II 



■Mmmyi 



&sa43g*&2« 










XL 






THE SEA 



THE RETURN TO 

By Frank Lillie Pollock 



Let us destroy the dream ! 

Let us go back rejoicing 

Sighing is vain, and laugh! 

But fill Life's frothing cup 



not 



She know 
to the sea. ' 
-r shall not profit; 
again, and quaff it 



To wider hopes and greater things to 

Time turns his tide and turns back our a 

Let us return unshaken as we came. 
Shall we, the wanderers, mourn for lost caresses 
Our hands are fettered by no cloudy tresses; 

Ours are the hearts no starry eyes can tame. 

Yet, had she heard the tones our songs could lend her, 
We might have found some world of hers and mine 
Sweet with perfume of summer roses tender, 
And vibrant with the .salt sea's strength and splendor, 
And lit by stars that now shall never shine. 

Nay, but she would not — nay, she could not know them, 

The riving dreams with vast and vivid wings. 
Days and delights with poisoned pain below them, 
Hopes, flowers; and fancies. — where shall we bestow 
them ? 
What shall we do with all these .wasted thing's? 

Sink them in seas that give their dead up nevei 
A hundred fathoms deep beneath the main ; 

Beside the rotted wrecks of old endeavor, 

So that no daring deep-sea diver ever 

Can bring our worthless treasures up again. 

For her the safer life of dreams crushed under, 

The petty pleasures and the dust}- way. 
For us the oceanic throb and thunder, 
The resonance of all the winds of wonder 
And lordly interchange of night and day. 



Nay, she has chosen. Let us turn our faces, 

Arid go back gladly to the windy shore; 
And follow far the tide's tumultuous traces 
Toward the fierce flicker oi adventurous places 
And look not back, nor listen any more. 




: 



>i 



■ i-', 




5YA 






• 



The Tourist's Delight — Good Roads, Good Scenery. 
The Milan-Berlin Road, with the White Mountains in the distance. 
Mt. Washington on the right. 

BUILDING FOR THE FUTURE 

The Londonderry Road 
By James M. Langley 



1STORY tells us of famous 
"broad highways." New Hamp- 
shire itself still bears the marks, in 
spots, of old thoroughfares. 

There are the old Londonderry and 
Fourth New Hampshire turnpikes, the 
corduroy road from Shaker Milage 
through desolate Springfield and the 
notable highway which ran from Ports- 
mouth to Hanover, in a straight line up 
hills and down valleys, over which the 



r sap - 
: j 



I 



Liquid concrete brought from a central mixer by truck. 



early governors attended Dartmouth Col- 
lege commencement exercises. Every 
Dartmouth man of to-day, beating back 
this old road on the trail to Moose 
Mountain, marvels at the boldness of 
the pioneer, who apparently thought 
nothing of the steepest grade and forced 
his carriage straight for his goal, re- 
gardless of such an obstacle as Moose 
Mountain itself. The student, afoot, 
makes his way around these White 
Mountain foothills 
rather than follow the 
more arduous and 
stone wall marked 
course followed by 
his forefathers. 

There are many 
other roads of by- 
gone days, now ob- 
scured by the changes 
of time and methods 
o f communication, 
roads that only in 
part still serve as the 
broad highways of 
t o-d a y. Principal 
among these is the 
thoroughfare that has 



\ 



BUI LI 



UTURK 



543 



come to be universal- 
ly known as the 
Daniel Webster high- 
way, the chief inlet 

from the more thick- 
Is- settled communi- 
ties to tlie south of 
New Hampshire'. 

Now enters a new 
phase. A route from 
Boston, huh of New 
England, to the New 
Hampshire border 
and beyond, connect- 
ing with the Daniel 
Webster highway at 
Manchester, is being- 
discovered by more 
and more travellers 

and easier route. 

-1 



,. . . ■ 





• 




1 


, i 


" | ! 


*?„.'•&■ ' V "• a "' "'■ 


i 

1 

■ ! 


... 7 • ■ ■■ -• 


: 




fc'-'^visi 



Reinforcing the Strength of the Road with Ribs of Steel. 



as the shortei 



Traffic the 



t has 
of the 



naturally followed the coun 

Daniel Webster highway is in part 

coming over this other thoroughfare and 



there is every indication that 
sently the two arteries that tlva 
into the stem of the fork at Man< 
will be equally burdened with 
Nashua, on the Daniel Webster 



will 



serve always 



pre- 
fe'ed 

h ester 
traffic. 

route, 

traffic 



leavv thereon. 



win 



gra 



duall 



to keen 
but through travellers 

increase the already 



mounting usage of the shorter route. 
Londonderry, a town much smaller 
than its historical importance would in- 
dicate, is crossed by this newly discov- 
ered thoroughfare. The State High- 
way Department felt that this route de- 
manded a high grade type of road. As 
a result Londonderry now has several 
miles of the sturdiest, smoothest riding 
concrete roadway of any community in 
the state. This town is dealing in fu- 
tures. It believes that the reinforced 
road it has built, with the assistance of 



" 









I 

1 . 



Two Separate Paths of Concrete 
Rockingham Road near Londonderry 



5 W 



- ' >h 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the stale and Federal aid, will endure 
for years. On this particular stretch oi 
highway it anticipates no further trouble. 
For it was built of the stoutest road ma- 
terial known to man to-day. It has fol- 
lowed government and srate specifica- 
tions and the experts of the New Hamp- 
shire highway department: have super- 
vised every detail of the construction of 
its thoroughfare. The road is as near 
perfect as it is possible to make it. 

Drainage and grade problems have 
worked out according to the best results 
ui the experiments of years in many 
other communities throughout the land. 
Much money has been spent but it is 
felt that an investment has been made 
that will pay commensurate dividends, 
not directly but indirectly through the 
lack of maintenance required to keep its 
new road in topnotch form. 

Winslow & Cummings of Nashua 
were awarded the contract in August, 
1922, for the fust stretch of concrete 
road built in Londonderry. The work 
of placing the concrete wa^ begun in 
September of that year and by early 
December the strip was open to traffic. 
This year an additional strip has been 
completed, both being built with a cen- 
ter joint, half the road being finished 
at a time. 

This method of construction has sev- 
eral advantages. It allows for more 



THE KITCHEN A 

By Daisy Dean 

1~-~1 VERY homemaker ought to know 
i ... 

p., how to plan a kitchen intelligently 

— to plan it so that it will measure 
up to a standard embodying the gen- 
eral essentials. She should not wait- 
to make these plans until the kitchen has- 
been built; fur then with structural con- 
ditions fixed, the possbilities are often 
very limited. 

However, many women must work 
in kitchens winch they have had no op- 
portunity to plan, and must develop the 
arrangement of equipment so as to save 



than any other means. The center 
joint marks the two sides of road into 
paths from traffic either way. Ali slabs 
are from fifty to sixty feet in length 
and art* reinforced with half inch de 
formed steel, rods to give them "back- 
bone," to render them invulnerable to 
the weightiest of future heavy truck 
traffic for which it is designed. The 
joints are all securely doweled with 
steel bars that will prevent any vertical 
movement and thereby eliminate the 
slightest surface irregularity. 

Since the time when the Roman em- 
pire constructed its imperishable military 
highways which have defied the ravages 
of time and remain as monuments to 
the truth of the principle that the best 
is always the cheapest, forward looking 
men have believed in building for all 
time. During the administration of one 
of New Hampshire's recent governors. 
the state was bonded for one million 
dollars which was expended on our 
highways. It is claimed by some, al- 
though it is doubtless more or less ex- 
aggerated, that more of this money has 
already gone up in dust. Possibly the 
more expensive type of road construc- 
tion which has been used on the Lon- 
donderry turnpike may be a solution of 
one of our state's most baffling problems 
— our highway maintenance. 

S A WORKSHOP 

e Williamson 

themselves time, energy, and incon- 
venience. 

Three essential operations are carried 
on in the kitchen — the preparation, the 
cooking, and the cleaning-up. These 
call for three work centers— food center, 
heat center, and water center — and the 
table, stove, and sink are the necessary 
pieces of equipment. These should be 
so arranged in relation to each other 
that human mileage may be saved and 
only a. minimum amount of energy ex- 
pended. 



sn 



ROMANCE IN THE LIFE OF WHTFTIER 



By Lilij 



M. A INS WORT li 



Prologue 

NTO the heart of a gentle Poet a 

fair and delicate Maid one day 

sang her way. Her personality 

held winning sweetness, her mind a 

wonderful intellectual power, her life 

was of unsullied purity. 

Fair and fragile as the flowers she 
loved, this child of Heaven came 
among the earth-horn men and 
women, wearying with earth's sordid- 
ness, to bring to them a hit of the mel- 
ody to which her soul vibrated. 

A century has . 

completed its cy- 



D( 



cle since the feet 
of the M a i d 
sought the hard 
paths of earth, 
paths that were 
early abandoned 
for the heavenly 
abiding place. 
Yet, as the Maid 
journeyed she 
sang, and the 
clear cadence of 
her song vibrated 
to an answering 
note in the soul of 
the poet. 

But the Poe<- 
was a man, and 
while his soul 
thrilled at the notes in the song, in 
his heart he loved the. Maid who sang. 
And although poets have understand- 
ing hearts, he knew nor, as \(ti, what 
the Maid knew, that her place was not 
here, but in the Other Country, where 
his feet could not enter for many, 
many years. 

But the Poet dreamed his dreams 
of happiness, as men and poets will, 



The clear eyes of the poet sea: I 
in the eyes of the Maid for his answer, 
but her gaze was already fixed on thi 
sunlit tops of the Far Country, 

For a brief moment the heart of the 
Poet failed him and his song held a 
discordant strain. But it was because, 
being a man. as well as a poet, lie 
could not fully understand. And when, 
a. little later, the Maid went singing 
her way to the Place of Peace the 
Poet's soul vibrated to the celestial 

„__ music and his scan: 

rang true, with 
never a false note. 



r ou believe in "treating 'em 



rough?" Evidently Whittier did, 
but at the same time the gentle poet 
was too tender hearted to be a 
"cave man." 



"I know that I have knelt too lowly 
For smiles so oft withdrawn . 

That trusting love received too slowly 
The lesson of thy scorn." 

Mrs. Ainsworth has given a 
beautiful revelation of a hidden 
chapter in the life of Whittier. 

If you love real romance read it. 



An E n g li s h 
writer is quoted 
by one of Whit- 
tier's biographers 
as saying, "If 
Whittier, who is 
unmarried, ever 
had a love story, 
he has not sung 
about it in t he- 
ears of the world." 
Not with a pry- 
ing curiosity that 
would lay bare to 
a coldly inquisi- 
tive world the 
" tender and sa- 
cred emotions of the dead poet's heart, 
or rudely unearth that which he chose 
to keep locked in the recesses of his 
memory, is the following brief chap- 
ter in Whittier's life revived. 



Students of Whittier's biography 
are cognizant of the fact that a rumor 
was extant at one time to the effect 
that the poet was engaged to be mar- 
ried. If an unkind fate shattered his 
while the angels were tuning the harp hope of union with one who would 
of the Maid for Heaven's melodies. have proved an inspiration to his 

One day the Maid heard the voice highest endeavor, whose soul would 
of the Poet calling and asking her the have blended with his in the true uni- 
eternal question of a man to a maid, son of perfect mating and brought to 



E GRAN! i 



MONTHLY 



hi in the completeness which onz who 
journeys life's pathway a 1 one can never 
know, will we not, comprehending it, 
love him just a little better, a little 
differently, a little more sympatheti- 
cally? Will we not reverence a little 
more deeply one who, burying" his 
early sorrow, could lean so trustingly 
down through the years on the "Eter- 
nal Goodness." and sim?; with such 



Whittier, of an interesting rumor, 
which had, however, no foundation in 
tact : — 

" 'We have just heard of youi 
brother's engagement, * * * I con- 
gratulate you with all my heart. She 
came to me in my dreams last night, 
and so charming a creature I never 
saw, or before imagined. I passed a 
few hours in her society, and I loved 



Tohn Green leaf Whittier 



PLoto Heretofore Unpublished 



simple faith as "Beside the Silent Sea" 
he waited the "'muffled oar," 

"And Thou, O Lord! by whom are seen 

Thy creatures as they be, 
Forgive me if too close I lean 

My human heart on Thee!" 

In Pickard's Life of Whittier, Vol. 
1, pp 244-5, is found the following: 

"On the 14th of .March, 1839. Miss 
Minot wrote to her friend, Elizabeth 



her as though she had been the most 
cherished friend of years * * * We 
hear that she is from Brooklyn and 
that she is not a Quakeress/" Mr. 
Pickard in a foot note states, "This 
reference is probably to Lucy Hooper." 
The letter by Miss Minot quoted 
above was written in March, 1839. 
In the April (1839) number of a mag- 
azine which recently came into the 



ROMANCE IX THE LIFE OF W HITHER 



549 



hands of the writers, appeared the 
ooem under Whittier's name, and, 
however one may regard it as a liter- 
ary production, no one will deny that 
it breathes the sentiment of a disap- 
pointed and .heartbroken lover. 1 he 



fact that it was written 



to nth 



following the report of Whittier's en- 
gagement to Miss Hooper is a coinci- 
dence suggestive of the belief that he 
sang" truly. 

"Pass away like thoughts unspoken 

The vows that I have said, 
{ give thee back thy plighted word — " 

Here is the full text of the poem : 

To****** 
John G. Whittier 

""Forgive thee — yes, I do forgive thee, 

And bless thee as we part, 
And pray that 3*ears may never leave thee 

My agony of heart. 
I call no shadowy malison 

Upon thy fair young brow. 
And would thy life might ever run 

As sunwardly as now. 

"I know that 1 have knelt too lowly 

For smiles s*o oft withdrawn, 
That trusting love received too slowly 

The lesson of thy scorn. 
That thou has had thy triumph hour 

Unquestioned and complete- 
When prompted by a spell of power 

I knelt me at thy feet. 

'"Tis over now, the charm is broken. 

The feverish dream hath fled, 
And pass away like thoughts unspoken 

The vows that I have said. 
I give thee back thy plighted word, 

Its tones shall ever be 
Like music by the slumberer heard, 

A dreamer's melody. 

"Co now, the light of hope is on thee, 

Thy lover's claims arc o'er; 
A thousand smiles thy charms have won 
thee, 

They'll win a thousand more. 
For beauty hath a charming spell 

Upon the human will; 
Though false the heart it veils so well 

It hath its homage still. 

''Go, heartless girl, thou' It smile tomorrow 

As 1 had never been, 
And spurn thy lover-'s words of sorrow, 

F"or those of happier men. 
A darker destiny the page 

Of coming years may tell; 



God help thee in thy pilgrimage; 

r.oved be-' -g. fare thee well!" 

It will be noted that there is the 
same number of asterisks in the title 
that there are letters in the name 
"Hooper," ■ 

Whittier was a resident of Philadel- 
phia in 1839. In July of that year 
his health failed, and he called upon 
his cousin. Moses A. Cartland, to as- 
sume his editorial duties, which the 
latter did. Might not his sorrow, 
manfully suppressed and hidden from 
the prying eyes of the world, burned 
more deeply into the poet's heart and 
hastened the crisis when his very life 
was despaired of, as is referred to on 
page 254 of Pickard's work? 

One has but to read the memoir of 
Lucy Hooper to understand that she 
must early have realized how futile 
any dreams of earthly happiness must 
be for her. Always delicate and 
ethereal, the dread disease, pulmonary 
consumption, with which she fought 
a long and losing struggle, found fee- 
ble resistance in her physical frame. 

Two years following the incidents 
referred to in this article, at the age 
of 24 years, this promising young 
poet laid down her pen and answered 
the higher call. And it was then, 
perhaps, that the Poet fully under- 
stood, and his song rang true, with 
never a false note. 

And he sang: 

"Farewell! a little time and we 

• Who knew thee well, and loved thee here, 
One after one shall follow thee, 

As pilgrims through the Gate of Fear 
Which opens on Eternity. 

Yet we shall cherish not the less 
All that is left our hearts meanwhile; 

The memory of thy loveliness 
Shall round our weary pathway smile. 

Like moonlight when the sun has set, 
A sweet arid tender radiance yet. 

Thought of thy clear-eyed sense of duty, 
Thy generous scorn of all things wrong — 

The truth, the strength, the graceful 
beauty 
Which blended in thy song. 



. " 



THE WO'THLESS FELLER 

By William M. Stuart 



Have you 


ever misj 


udged your 


neighbor? Perhaps you are 


do- 


•ing so now. 


There is 


rarely a character so desp 


icable that it 


hasn't 


its redeem! a 


g virtues. 


Even old 


Mose had his 


as is shown 


in 


this 


concluding 


installment of Mr. 


Stuart's story. 









Continued from October Issue 

Mose loved children and was never 
so content as when one or more of 
his numerous brood was following 
him about. And this was not a par- 
ticularly difficult feat for even the 
brief legs of the youngest of his flock 
to compass. Mose loved all the chil- 
dren of the neighborhood; for they 
never referred by either word or ac- 
tion to his well established reputa- 
tion. During the war he failed to 
display much interest in the struggle 
until told that the Germans made 
war on children. He thereupon 
promptly placed a second mortgage on 
the farm and invested the proceeds in 
Liberty Bonds. 

On the part of the children, their 
love for him was blended with admir- 
ation. For who but Mose would 
leave his farming to engineer a fishing 
party? Who but Mose would take a 
flock of boys on a wood-chuck-hunt- 
ing expedition? Who could play 
mumble-the-peg so well? Who knew 
so many stories and was so willing 
to tell them? Especially was his re- 
pertoire of ghost and Indian stories 
extensive. Who could make so many 
envious things by means of the sim- 
ple tools of jackknife and a stick of 
pine? From even the lowly and de- 
spised _ milkweed he could devise 
many attractive ornaments. He could 
skin a rabbit quicker, pitch quoits 
straightcr, whistle louder, imitate the 
calls of birds and beasts more realis- 
tically, and even make doll dresses 
better than any person — male or fe- 
male — in the township. 



Hence it came to pass that Mose 
Duryea was the children's friend. 

Friday was fair and hot. The re- 
cent rain dried rapidly from the grass 
under the fierce rays of the July sun. 
After a substantial dinner, Mose 
hitched his team of blacks to the de- 
crepit mowing-machine and drove out 
to the road with the intention of going 
down to the lower place and cutting 
the clover. 

In the front yard were his own 
Ruth and his neighbor's Polly play- 
ing happily together. The girls 
begged clamorously to be allowed to 
accompany him. Mose reflected be- 
tween puffs of his pipe and at last 
took both the girls on his lap and 
clucked to the team. 

The colts were feeling in great fet- 
tle. The} : pranced and cavorted with 
arching- necks and pawing hoofs. 
Mose regarded them with loving eyes 
wherein a shadow of trouble lurked. 
To-morrow would be Saturday. 
Would he lose them then? He put 
the distasteful thought aside and sang 
to his giggling lapful of girls as the 
mower rattled on its way to the 
clover. 

Coming to the field at length, Ruth 
began to loudly importune her father. 

"Oh, Daddy/' she cried, "show 
Polly and me where the big- bank- 
is — where it falls way, way down." 

"Not on yer two little tintypes/' de- 
murred Mose. "That's a n awful dan- 
gerous place." 

"Oh, come on, Daddy. 
team and show us. We 
off." 



Tie 



the 
fall 



THE WOTHLE'SS FELLER 



Beguiled by their pleading against 
his better judgment, Mo.se finally 
permitted the vivacious g'irls to lead 

him to the bluff overlooking the creek. 
Here there w.as an almost perpendic- 
ular fall of two hundred feet from the 
edg^ of the held to the bed of the 
stream. 

As the trio approached the dan- 
gerous .spot, Mose indicated far more 
fear and hesitancy than did the girls. 
His tanned face blanched and he hung 
back nervously. 

"Careful, Polly I" he warned. 
"Don't pull my hand like that. What 
if my foot had slipped then? I ain't 
so spry as I used to be. And. you 
girls mustn't go near here when I'm 
working fer if you fell over 'twould 
kill you deader'n a smelt." 

"What's a smelt, Daddy?" 

"Oh, a smelt's a queer little feller 
of a fish what's awful dead when he's 
dead." 

Standing safely back from the 
brink Mose picked up a stone and 
threw it into the chasm. Far below 
a faint chug was heard as the missile 
plunged into a pool of water. 

"You wouldn't strike in the water 
if you fell over,"' warned the farmer. 
"You'd strike on them tarnation 
rough stones down thar 'n 'twould 
squash you right out flat." 

The girls shuddered, but finally 
emboldened, they approached the 
brink and' threw daisies and butter- 
cups over and laughed gleefully to 
see the flower- twist and turn, until 
they alighted in the pool or on the 
rocks below. 

"That's enough now," said Mose at 
last. "I've got to cut this here clover. 
You girls scamper over to the other 
side of the field and play in the shade 
of the trees." 

"Oh, go on and cut your hay," 
answered Polly contumaciously. 
"We're all right. We're big enough 
to keep out of danger. I'm going to 
stay here and pick this nice lot of 
daisies. It's the best patch in the 



held. I ain't afraid. Be you, Ruth?" 

"Some like your dad, ain't you? 1 ' 
"No, you girls have got to go 'way 
from here 'fore I leave you. I 
wouldn't dast leave you here." 

Reluctantly and with many back- 
ward glances on the part of Polly, the 
little misses finally strolled away from 
the dangerous precipice and seated 
themselves under a maple tree at the 
farther side of the field. 

Mose unhitched his team, threw the 
rusty machine into mesh and struck 
into the field of red-top. 

The falling of the grass before the 
scintillating knives aroused in Mose 
unwonted emotions. The great fear 
of yesterday still lingered in his mind 
and he found himself comparing the 
stalks of clover to people and the clat- 
tering mower to Death ever advanc- 
ing apace with his flashing scythe. 
Fascinated, he watched the plants 
shiver for a moment when smitten and 
then slither to the ground where the 
leaves almost immediately began to 
wither under the fierce heat of the sun. 

"That's the way we've all got to go 
sometime," he murmured, "We've 
all got to die, but — I dread it!" 

Possibly it was Digby's threat to 
take the colts, the nearness of the dan- 
gerous precipice, or the contempla- 
tion of a startling woodcut in a patent 
medicine almanac which Mose had 
scanned the previous evening that 
had aroused in him this peculiar 
frame of mind. Presumably it was 
the latter, for he was not inventive 
enough to have conjured up the pic- 
ture of Death and Ids scythe without 
help. 

He wondered how it felt to die. 
First, he decided, there would be dif- 
ficulty in breathing, next, terrible 
pains and, finally — darkness. 

"Lord!" he choked as he slapped 
the colts with the lines, "I hate to 
think of it. If they was only some 
way fer a feller to git out of it. But 
they ain't. We've all got to come to 
it. Lord!" 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



When on the bluff side o\ the piece 
Mose drove cautiously, indeed, dur- 
ing the first two rounds, for a sudden 
startled plunge of the colts in the 
wrong direction would mean a terrible 
death -for him and destruction for the 
team. He shuddered every time lie 
passed the dangerous spot. 

A more energetic man would have 
erected a strong fence there long be- 
fore to guard against just such mis- 
haps, but it is probable that the idea 
had never occurred to Mose. 

Round after round was safely com- 
passed and Duryea's heart became 
glad — its usual condition when not 
frozen by fear. Why worry about 
tomorrow? Something would surely 
turn U}~) before then. Perhaps Rob 
would hold off until the clover could 
be sold. Perhaps he was only jok- 
ing after all. But, no, Mose well 
knew that Digby rarely joked and he 
was a man of his word. Xo need to 
bank on that. However, he would 
not worry when all nature seemed 

glad. :-•---:.-■ 

It was a typical summer's day of 
the better sort. Fleecy clouds drifted 
across the deep-blue sky, locusts sang 
noisily and heat waves shimmered 
over the Pcld of red-top.. It was sim- 
ply irresistible. 

Never in all his, forty years had 
Mose felt more content. He puffed 
away at his corncob pipe and occa- 
sionally sang snatches of songs. He 
had frequent recourse to a jug of but- 
termilk which he had placed conven- 
iently at hand under .an armful, of 
cut clover in older to keep it cool. 

He had arranged another armful of 
clover in the seat of the mower to 
serve as a cushion and add to. his con- 
tent. Although he frequently called 
to Ruth and Polly, he did not worry 
about them. If. he could possibly 
help it. he never worried long about 
anything. He gave himself over to 
pleasant meditation on nothing of 
moment and his heart sang within 
him. This was the ideal job— sitting 



easily in the seat of the mower, riding 
about the held behind the black-, en- 
joying the -sunshine and the pipe. 

On his fourth revolution around the 
held he missed his neighbor's daugh- 
ter. 

"Where's Polly?" he called to Ruth. 

''Oh, she just went into the middle 
of the ii^ld to pick some more daisies," 
answered Ruth. ''She'll be back pret- 
ty soon. We're all right, Daddy." 

On the next time around, the off 
horse suddenly began to plunge and 
kick. Over its back the air seemed 
to be alive with darting insects. 

"Yellow-jackets!" ejaculated Mose 
in alarm as he jerked on the lines. 
The nigh horse now began to plunge 
wildly under the sharp goading of 
the venomous bees. Mose exerted 
all his strength in an effort to hold 
the mettlesome team. Then suddenly 
the oft rein, being old and patched, 
broke and the horses began to run. 



M« 



tried to throw 



the machine 
out of mesh, but the rusty lever 
stuck — possibly because of the high 
rate of speed. The team were run- 
ning due east and parallel to the cliff. 
Old)' about twenty feet separated 
them from the precipice. Duryea 
could not turn the frightened horses 
up the slope for the off line was brok- 
en. To turn the other way meant 
destruction. The only alternative was 
to fall off the machine behind and let 
the colts go. 

Although his heart was wrung with 
fears for his beloved team's safety, 
Mose was about to adopt this plan, 
when directly in front of the rattling 
knives and but a few yards away, 
he beheld a vision that almost stop- 
ped the beating of his heart. 

There sitting in the clover, her 
checkered apron full of daisies and 
buttercups, was little Polly Digby. 
Her eyes, open wide with terror, 
were fixed on the inflamed nostrils of 
the oncoming team. She seemed as 
incapable of movement as a bird which 
gazes into the eyes of a rattlesnake. 



THE WO'THLESS FELLER 



553 



Three seconds more and she would 
he horribly mangled in the flashing 
knives of the mower. If Mose should 
falter for one brief moment she was 
lost. 

The children's friend did not hesi- 
tate. There was but one thing to do 
and he did it. 

Bracing his feet, he pulled on the 
nigh line with all his strength. The 
team swerved sharply to the left, a 
terrible scream of terror broke from 
the nigh horse, and then "mid a show- 
er of dust and grass — team, machine 
and man disappeared over the brink. 
A snapping of brush followed and, 
far below on the rocks-— a crash. 

From the distant field came the 
whirr of machinery and the song of 
a worker. A flock of crows cawed 
loudly as they .flapped their way 
toward the south, and the myriad 
voices of the open places seemed to 
proclaim the joy of living. 

Then- — piercingly, came a child's 
scream. 

"Oh Daddy! Daddy! 1 ' 

The noise of the runaway and the 
screams of the children had attracted 
the attention of Robert Dig-by who 
was at work in an adjoining field. 
He hurried to the spot and gazed 
about questioningly. 

Still .sitting in the clover, her face 
buried in her hands, was his little 
daughter, Polly — safe. Her shoulders 
were quivering with horror and sor- 
row. She was sobbing hysterical!}'. 

Digby's eyes followed the tell-tale 
path of the mower, where the swath 
led directly toward Polly until six 
yards from where she crouched it 
suddenh' swerved toward the left and 
mingled with those previously cut. 

And seeing, Digby rushed for the 
bank. 



With blended horror and ineffable 
gratitude in his eyes, he threw him- 
self prone on the ground and peered 
over the brink. 

On file jagged rocks below he be- 
held the fragments of the mowing- 
machine and the mangled bodies of 
the black colts. Instinctively he 
closed his eyes for a moment, then 
resolutely opened them, again and 
carefully scanned the bottom of the 

0-f!]'0'p 

The body of his neighbor was not in 
sight. 

Then his eyes wandered to a spot 
one-third the way down the cliff. 
Just at the spot where the accident 
occurred three sturdy oak trees had 
formerly grown in a cluster, but 
yesterday's gale had uprooted them. 
The force of the wind had not been 
sufficient to wholly tear them loose 
from the soil, and they hung over the 
bank at an angle of about forty-five 
degrees to the cliff below. Their 
intertwined branches made a perfect 
meshwork, but the impetus and weight 
of the team had carried horses and 
machine through this providential 
support to destruction on the rocks. 

As Digby's eyes sought the maze of 
foliage, a movement in the branches 
attracted his attention. 

"Mose! Oh, Mose/' he called 
anxiously, "arc you alive? Fer if you 
be, Mo.se, I've got enough money in 
my pocket to buy you a new span 
o'colts, 'n you needn't worry none 
'bout that note." 

From the leaves below a voice some- 
what tremulous and weak, but albeit 
familiar, came up to him: 

"Well, I guess Til pull through 
somehow." 

The End 



5: 

BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

C O N D !." C T ED r " Y V I VI A X S A V A COOL. 

Raw Material 

By Dorothy Can field 



/ 



■•/ 



Dorothy 
her "Raw 



Canfieid' 



frar-l. 
is a 



y slates that 
"rather odd" 



(Harcourt 



Material 

book, We will accept 

. her adjective if bv it 
Brace & Co.) , , i , 

J she only means a book 

which is entirely different and delight- 
fully surprising. I am an ardent ad- 
mirer of Miss Canficld's literary crea- 
tions, and my joy on hearing that a 
new book had been published was 
measured by the pleasure her past work 
had given me. My curiosity and antici- 
patory zest were whetted by such notices 
as the following : 

"Dorothy Canfieid has an exquisite 
gift for a sketch. What she sees in any 
fortunate moment she can teli you with 
an eloquence which draws tears or 
laughter at her will. Her command for 
words for pictures is absolute." 

— Bos foil Transcript. 

Such a notice should have prepared 
trie, but, nevertheless, it was with the 
happy memories of her splendid novels 
in mind that I opened "Raw Material." 
Instead of a group of characters care- 
fully and cunningly revealed through a 
series of varied experiences as in "Rough 
Hewn," I found a number of brief epi- 
sodes, each complete in itself as far 
as any connection with the rest of the 
book was concerned, but no more com- 
plete than any episode in life can be 
which only time can finish and fulfil. 

Such a plan for a book does seem 
odd, especially as only two or three of 
.the sketches can truly be classified as 
short stories. Miss Canfieid, however, 
tells in an explanatory preface how she 
came to form a habit of mind which de- 
lights in perceiving the dramatic in an 
incident of the most ordinary daily life 
and spinning from it in her mind stories 
far more real, vivid, and pulsating with 
life than any she has so far been able 



to transfer to paper. This pleasure she 
wishes to bestow on others so she has 
written a book stating as concisely as 
possible, with almost no ' personal re- 
action, episodes, — tragic, pathetic, or 
humorous as the case may be, — which 
seem to her suggestive of how incidents 
shape human destiny and of how hu- 
man beings react to experiences in ways 
which make us first, pityingly depreca- 
tory, next, proud of the race to which 
we belong. 

The rest the reader must do for him- 
self. What he finds in this book will 
depend upon the keeness of his observa- 
tion, the wealth of his sympathetic un- 
derstanding of other people in the past, 
and on the richness of his imagination 



and sensitive: 



With 



such qualities Miss Canfieid is evidently 
well-endowed, for she lias taken simple 
characters like Old Man W 7 arner, the 
stubborn Vermont farmer, Fairfax 
Hunter, the colored family servant, 
Uncle Giles, the grafter, and showed 
the pathos, strength, and weakness in 
their characters in the simplest manner. 
always with a sense of humor or of 
tragedy playing over her words like an 
illuminating, highly colored light. 

Incidents from her life abroad also 
become quite as stimulating to us as 
those drawn from her home close at 
hand in Vermont. We feel that she 
has made us understand and know Mon- 
sieur Brodard with his high ideals so 
tragically overthrown, Professor Paul 
Meyer who fell a victim to too great ab- 
sorption in one interest, and, perhaps 
most of all, Octavie Moreau, that strong- 
minded, intellectual woman with whom 
we share a desperate experience in a 
German prison camp. 

The book is written simply, needless 
to say r , with the simplicity that conceals 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 555 

Art. For it is Art indeed which selects it, with such vividness that we delight 
a dramatic episode from a Hie and with to weave pasts and futures for these 
a few inspired words truly bestows the new friends to whom we are introduced, 
emotions on others with the additional In short "Raw Material" is a book 
grift of a subtle hidden suggestion which which leaves, I would say, about half 
we search for in vain, although our im- to the reader and therefore will delight 
agination instantly responds to its lure. all people who like to think for thetfi- 
Miss Canfield has treated her readers selves. I have already said too much, 
to a new kind of literary pleasure. She however, and should follow Miss Can- 
has given them extracts from her own field's example and allow people to do 
full life without conclusions, which re- at least half for themselves when form- 
veal human nature in such a way that iilg their opinion about her book, 
we must seek to solve and understand 



MEMORIES OF THE OLD FARM 

By Leslie Id. Phinney 

Autumn's first snow flakes, borne on Winter's breath, 

Are beating at the pane; 
1 watch the pavement change from brown to gray, 

And Time gives back again 
Old memories : 
A vision of the country home I knew 

When life was fair and gay, 
Upon the canvas of the growing dusk 

I paint that home — to-day : 



just an old house 'neath the pine trees' shadow, 
Keeping watch o'er moon-lit fields of snow: 
Just an old stone doorstep, with the hollow 
Worn by feet that trod, firm, light, or slow; 
Just a wide fireplace; around it, singing, 
Happy children played in days gone by ; 
Just a low-ceiled room, once warm and cheery, 
Where mice and bats now hold their revels sly. 

Just a brook where sweet-flag roots are growing, 
With violets blue its banks in spring are gay ; 
Just a field where wild strawberries linger, 
And wild bees sip the clover blooms all day; 
Just an orchard where the trees are dying, — 
The fruit makes for the deer a dainty feast; 
Just an old barn, with its sagging roof -tree . 
That never more will shelter fowl or beast. 

Just an oak where squirrels come for acorns; 
Just a wood-land where the mayflowers hide. 
Just a birch grove, with its silvery pillars; 
Just a pasture, with the wall beside. 
Just an oriole's nest in the tree top, 
On summer morns their mellow love song trills; 
Just a spot that love has not forgotten, — • 
An old abandoned farm up in the hills, 



S5& 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 



HE month of fairs 
The siren call of tl 



jrhistfe ha 



a<te> 



awav on 



led, 



the 



bra 



not to be heard until the next 



autumnal season. The giant ferris wheel 
no longer revolves its sluggish way 
through the heavens, carrying its burden 
of frightened young ladies clutching the 
manly sleeve of their masculine protec- 
tors. The last toy balloon has drifted 
lazily skyward, leaving its aggrieved and 
weeping young owner. The shouts o\ 
the excited throng and the rapid thud 
of the hoofs upon the race-track are 



thinsrs of the past. We breathe 



IIS* 



of relief which has a little note of lone- 
liness in it as we realize that the gayety 
of the season is past and we are again 
face to face with another winter. 

One of the oldest of the Anglo-Saxon 
institutions which were inherited by our 
New England fathers is the agricultural 
fair. We may turn back the pages of 
that quaint old English narrative. "The 
Vicar of Wakefield" and read the story 
so familiar to ever)' school boy — "Moses 
at the Fair." Fair time was the very 
apex of the season's activities in the 
days when New England was young and 
robust. It was a time when the sturdy 
farmers brought the best results of their 
year's work to compare them with the 
exhibits of their neighbors in friendly- 
competition. It was a time when politi- 
cal and patriotic feeling ran high and 
many a statesman soared to his greatest 
oratorical heights before the cheering 
throngs who were made eager listeners 
by the spirit of festivity winch reigned 
among them. James G. Blaine, the sil- 
ver-tongued orator of Maine, Ben But- 
ler, who so loved to flaunt the bloody 
shirt in Massachusetts, and Cy Sulloway 
the "tall old pine of New Hamp- 
shire," were familiar figures in the old 
New England fairs. 



a minor feature in their proceedings. 
Those lovers of New England who are 
to-day striving to rejuvenate her spirit 
and repopulate her hills would do well 
to turn their attention to the transforma- 
tion which has been taking place in our 
fairs. To be sure the various promoters 
of these celebrations will inform us that 
larger crowds attended them this year 
than ever before. It has seemed to us, 
however, that we have never seen New 
Hampshire fairs present a more meagre 
exhibit of livestock, and produce. We 
saw few of those magnificent specimens 
of the. various herds owned within our 
state. We saw little of the beautiful 
handiwork of the housewife. Lovers of 
horses would scarcely go into rapture 
over the races. The feature of the 
fairs which appeared to be gaining the. 
most was the one which is to us the least 
desirable. The midway is growing. We 
have never before seen so many double- 
headed calves, five-legged dogs, and wild 
women who subsist on live serpents. 
Had we possessed the disposition to 
gamble we could have spent a king's ran- 
som and returned with a few blankets 
and a couple of dolls as our prizes. To 
be sure, some of our statesmen graced 
the occasions and delivered addresses, 
but to every person who listened to them 
in a half-hearted way there were ten who 
preferred to spend their time gazing in 
open-mouthed wonder at a bearded wo- 
man or a giraffe with a sore throat. 



These yearly festivals were fairs not 
carnivals. The midwav was decidedly 



The state of Maine has been obliged 
to cancel the stipend which it has fur- 
nished to support some of the country 
fairs because of the cheap character of 
the entertainment. On the other hand, 
New England can well be proud of the 
Eastern States Exposition at Spring- 
held which was an old -fashioned fair 
with some of the finest exhibits ever 
shown. Those who believe that the pub- 
lic are interested only in the vaudeville 
attractions of a carnival should think 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 



CO/ 



upon the tact that although this celebra- 
tion charged the largest entrance fee of 
any fair in New England it had by fat 
the largest attendance. The state of 
Xew Hampshire has contributed to the 
support of its fair;,. Our Commis- 
sioner of. Agriculture has stated that he 
was satisfied with those of this year. 



We grant that they had many good qual- 
ities and were probably much better than 
those which Maine has had to discon- 
tinue. But on the other hand, we won- 
der if all of our fairs were the type 
which New Hampshire really wants. 
Before another year comes round let" us 
"think on these things." 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

Iii Tills Issue 



The Granite Monthly feels for- 
tunate in being able to present to its 
readers the article, "Is Xew Hampshire 
Completed?" by its associate editor 
William S. Rossiter. Mr. Rossiter is a 
well-known figure in Xew Hampshire as 
well as in the nation at large. He is a 
former newspaper man of wide and suc- 
cessful experience, having been connect- 
ed with the New York Tribune and the 
Xew York Press. Succeeding the late 
William E. Chandler as President of the 
Rumford Press, he has made Concord 
one of the printing centers of the coun- 
try by Ids successful efforts in building 
up that concern. Mr. Rossiter's speci- 
alty, however, is his work as a census ex- 
pert. With a knowledge derived from 
his services in that department of the 
United States Government, he has been 
able to interpret the meaning of the 
shift in population in a most striking 
manner. His article entitled, "Three 
Sentinels of the North," which appeared 
in the Atlantic Monthly and his various 
lectures upon the conditions of Xew 
Hampshire's population has made him 
the central figure in a movement among 
various state leaders to remedy the con- 
ditions which brought about our decrease 
in population. 



H. Styles Bridges is well-known to 
readers of the Granite Monthly be- 
cause of the articles upon matters per- 
taining to agriculture which he has con- 
tributed in the past. He is aho becoming 



well-known to the people of the state as 
a whole through his efforts upon the 
platform and through the press to pro- 
mote the interests of New Hampshire 
Farm Bureau of which he is Secretary. 
It is highly appropriate that he should 
give to the people of the state the story 
of the birth and growth of this impor- 
tant organization. The first of his se- 
ries of articles appears in this number. 

Two other old friends of the Granite 
Month!}- are Professor .A. W. Richard- 
son, the author of another interesting ac- 
count of poultry raising in Xew Hamp- 
shire and Miss Daisy Deane Williamson, 
who gives us a vivid mental conception 
of the amount of human energy wasted 
in a poorly arranged kitchen. 



Mrs. Lillian M. Ainsworth who re- 
cently concluded her successful work 
on the Manchester Daily Mirror to join 
the editorial staff of the Concord 
Monitor has favored the Granite 
Monthly with a heretofore com- 
paratively unknown chapter in the life 
of one of X"ew England's greatest poets. 



Mr. Philip W. Dodd is a voting news- 
paper man who is taking special work ii 
the department of journalism of Bostor. 
University. He recently made a study 
of X r ew Hampshire's yearly toll of mo- 
tor accidents and in this issue gives us 
the result of his investigations. 



£5% 



\ m NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Clippings 



A Page of 

The First Candidate for 
Governor 
A real "honest to goodness" candidate 
for the republican nomination for gover- 
nor has announced himself. Personally 
we have never met the man, hut those 
who are acquainted with him sneak in the 
highest terms, and those who know him 
best have no word of criticism. Even 
democrats admit that he is about as near- 
ly perfect as it is possible for mere man 
to be. He has had experience in both 
branches of the legislature, is a good 
business man, has large interests, both in 
business and in better things, is a World 
War veteran, and as much entitled to a 
nomination and election as any man in 
the state. Judging by all these things it 
looks as though, the republicans of Xew 
Hampshire are to have a standard bear- 
er in John G. Winant in whom they can 
put full confidence — Franklin Transcript 



While the talked-of candidates for 
governor on the Republican side were 
thinking it over, John G. Winant of Con- 
cord has thrown his hat into the ring. 
He is an able man who has already had 
quite an interesting public career and 
who declares in his announcement that 
he was the original introducer of a forty- 
eight- hour lull in the legislature. He 
thus evidently hopes to steal the Demo- 
cratic thunder. Senator Moses makes 
the comment that at tin's time he is unable 
to determine whether Winant is the ear- 
ly bird who catches the worm or the ear- 
ly worm that is caught by the bird. We 
don't imagine that anybody is very much 
excited by the announcement just now, 
but it is a reminder that a political cam- 
paign is approaching. The editor of 
the Concord Monitor and Patriot states 
that, as Mr. Winant is a part owner in 
the paper, he prefers that no editorial 
comment on his candidacy be made. 
Which affords quite a contrast to the 



attitude of some past candidates who 
have gone into the newspaper business 
to secure editorial support. 

— Rochester Courier 

Captain John Winant of Concord. 
World War aviator, has announced that 
he will be a Republican candidate for 
governor at the primary. Capt. Winant 
is an extremely likeable chap, and he's 
done quite well in polities over in Con- 
cord. But just now he appears to be 
taking a long chance on having Ins po- 
litical ship wrecked in a tail spin. 

— Kccnc Sentinel 



Maj. Winant promises to come for- 
ward within a few days with his plat- 
form. There is no doubt that he will 
proclaim himself an advocate of the 48- 
hour law, as, indeed, he has a right to, 
for he was one of the first Republican 
leaders to do anything in favor of 48 
hours as a maximum week's work for 
women and children. He will also take 
a stand in favor of a reasonable poll tax 
in place of the present high tax and will 
advocate a number of other progressive 
measures that are expected to rally to 
his standard the progressive wing of the 
Republican party It is true- 
that in the last Legislature there had 
been talk of Winant for Governor. But 
it had been speculation, not for 1924 
but in the distant future, after Morrill, 
Barnes and six or seven other distin- 
guished gentlemen had been taken care 
of and taken their places either in the 
ranks of former Governors "or defeated 
candidates. Maj. Winant is only 34 
years old, and it was the opinion among 
the regulars that he could wait any- 
where from six to ten years before being 
a candidate. This is on the old New 
England theory that children in well- 
behaved families are made to be seen 
and not heard. 
—Hobart Pillsbury in the Boston Herald 



CURRENT OPINION FN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



559. 



When Editors Disagree 

The enemies of Mr. Hughes have 
been very active and they think they 
have got Mr. Coolidge into such a posi- 
tion on the World Court issue that Mr. 
Hughes will find bis continuance in of- 
fice an embarrassment. 

On this line, we suppose, was the re- 
cent editorial utterance of a New Hamp- 
shire newspaper which concluded: "The 
World Court proposition is a free thing 
to let alone right now. Thus far Presi- 
dent Coolidge has had the good sense to 
let it alone. The Union hopes he will 
continue to do so." 

The Monitor-Patriot hopes he will 
not. It hopes he will carry out. in ac- 
cordance with his general promise, the 
policy of President. Harding in this re- 
gard : and that he will have the invalu- 
able support and close and cordial co- 
operation in this .matter and all others 
of foreign policy of one of the greatest 
heads of the State Department in the 
history of this nation. 

Concord Monitor-Patriot 



New England's Future 

In Xew Hampshire men like Frank 
Knox of Manchester and ex-Governor 
Robert Bass of Peterboro have initiated 
a "survey" of the condition of their 
-State and a prospective "program" for 
arresting the decline which it has shown 
in many particulars and for changing 
that decline into, an advance. Ex-Gov- 
ernor Bass has incubated an ingenious 
proposed law for impounding water in 
new reservoirs at public expense on New 
Hampshire rivers, while meeting that 
expense in the end through contracts 
made before hand with private manufac- 
turing plants for the paid use of the sur- 
plus water. The future of New Eng- 
land, according to Mr. Bass, lies in 
cheap power from water sources, in skill- 
ed labor of the highest training, and 
in manufactured products so clearly and 
uniquely the result of such labor that 
thev will be able to travel great distances 



at high freight rates and" still on their 
merits hnd a market at high profitable 

prices To regenerate their 

railroad transportation system and {to 
get renewed good rail service ; to regen- 
erate their agriculture and to get a re- 
newed effective countryside; to discover 
and develop new sources of power in 
order to supplement or replace the coal 
"which" Comes so expensively from mines 
so distant at final costs so high — such are 
the problems that New England must 
solve if it wishes to retain its position 
in American life, and they exceed by 
far in difficulty the problems which con- 
front the North west. — The Nation 



Burlesquing Burleson 

A group of reactionary New Hamp- 
shire Democrats are talking of starting 
a Burleson-for-President Club. The 
platform of this club is former Post- 
master-General Burleson for President 
and a repeal of the last four amend- 
ments to the constitution — income tax, 
prohibition, woman suffrage and the di- 
rect election of senators. The club is 
also pledged to abolish the direct pri- 
mary. 

This program has struck a responsive 
chord in many audiences where it has 
been informally suggested. It is said, 
in fact, that any gathering of represen- 
tative citizens of over 50 years of age 
can be depended on to hail the Burleson 
movement as the first step in the path 
back to normalcy. The women espec- 
ially are enthusiastic over it in some 
quarters. 

No canvass for membership has been 
made, noi is one necessary. The pro- 
position sells itself. No effort is being 
made to proselyte among such leaders as 
Judge James W. Rernick, former Gov. 
Robert P. Bass or the editorial staff of 
the Granite Monthly. Nor will the 
organization submit questionnaires to 
candidates like the New Hampshire 
Non-Partisan League or the People's 

Progressive Political Party 

— Boston Herald 



\EW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



LOREN D. TOWLE and expense of its appointments anything oi 

I th rt kind in New England. 

[ Loren DelberJ Towle, bom in Newport, His death came suddenly, following an 

N. II., March 25, 1874; died in Newton, Mass., operation at the Newton Hospital for some 

September 28, 1923, internal trouble, and was a sad surprise to his 

Mr. Towle was the sen of George H. and many friends, not a few of whom were i i 
Mary A. (Goward) Towle. He graduated native town, to winch he had given $150,000 
£ from Newport High school in \&92. among for a modern high school building, and where 
Iris classmates being Olin H. Chase, now of he was an honored guest and speaker on Old 
Concord, and subsequently pursued a course of Home Day, August 23, only five weeks before. 
s-tudy in the Mr. TqwIc 
Eastman Busi- p -"-- ■ ■ • - -.•..,; ■;: held manv posi- 
ness College tions of trust 
at Poughkeepsie, and responsibili- 
N. Y. ty, and was a 
He served for member of num- 
a time as a clerk erous societies 
in a Boston dry and clubs. He 
goods house, was President 
and in 18 9 4 com- I of the Newton 
menced business Improvement 
for himself as a Association, in 
real estate op- which city was 
crator, in which hishome,a direc- 
line he eontinu- tor of the In- 
ed until death. j ternational Trusl 
Starting in with- Company, a 
out capital he member and di- 
succeeded. , rector of the 
through the ex- Boston Real Es- 
ercise of keen | tate Exchange, 
business judg- and of the Bos- 
rnent and far- ton Chamber of 
seeing sagacity. Commerce. He 
in gaining a for- was also a mem- 
tune seldom ber and deacon 
equalled in the of the Eliot 
same length of Congregational 
time by any , Church of Neve- 
man in any ton> a director 
hue of business. f the N ewt0 n 
His operations y M c A and 
included the pur- , - ,, 
chase, develop- i * ruSte e °* thc 
ment and sale Pilgrim Mernor- 
of some of the ^1 Fund. He 
most important - was also active 
pieces of real Loren D. Towle anc ' prominent 
estate in and in the various 
around Boston, and the carrying out of Masonic organizations. 

some of the most extensive building plans: He married, June 28, 1899, Helen M. Le- 
while at the time of his death he was en- land of Dover, Maine, by whom he is survived, 

gaged, among other things, in the develop- with two daughters — .Lvelene Marion, a soph- 
m.ent of a personal estate on Newton High- omorc at Wellesley, and Charlotte Frances, 
lands, exceeding in the magnitude, variety a student in the Newton High school. 



REV. HOWARD F. FULL. His activities were not .confined to those 

associated with his sacred calling. A Dem- 

Rev. Howard F. Hill, D. D. died at his ocrat in politics, he served in Concord City 

home in Concord, October 21st. Dr. Hill Government, Constitutional Convention. 

was in his 78th year, having been born in and two sessions of the Legislature. _ He 

Concord, July 1, "1846. He was educated in was also chaplain of the Vermont Legisla- 

Concord High School. Norwich University. ture and of the Vermont _ National Guard. 

Dartmouth College, Episcopal Theological For five years he was editor of the New 

Seminary, and received honorary degrees Hampshire Patriot and later in life pubiish- 

from Trinity College. Bishops' Colleger and ed a periodical of the Episcopal Church. 

the University of Vermont. Dr. Hill was ordained to the Episcopal 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



56 i 



bricsthood in 1887. lie served churches at 
Ashland, Holderness and Pittsfield of this 
state, Montpelier, Vt., and Amesbury. Mass. 
In Masonry lie advanced to the 33rd de- 
gree. He was President of the New 
Hampshire Sons of the Revolution. 

EDWIN M. ALLEN. 

Edwin M. Allen, who recently passed a- 
way in Canaan, had long played an active 
part in the public affair? of that town. 
Born in East Middlebiiry, Vermont, he was. 
educated in the schools of Keene, N. H. 
and came to Canaan to learn the drug- busi- 
ness with John B. Coburn. lie became a 
registered pharmacist in 1886 and establish- 
ed himself in that business in which he con- 
tinued until His death. He was a Democrat 
and active in party affairs until Ins appoint- 



■■ 



plans for certain new buildings at the Or- 

s' Home, Franklin. He was a son of 
Sidney, and Hannah (Gile.) Forrest, Ohio 
pioneers, and the grandson of William and 
Dorothy (Worthen) Forrest, early settlers of 
Canterbury, William Forrest having been one 
of the men selected in 1775 for the expedition 
against Quebec, and who later fought in the 
battles of Bennington and Stillwater, serv- 
ing throughout the Revolutionary War. Mr. 
Forrest is survived by a widow and by three 
daughters and two sons, one of whom, Harry 
G. Forrest, has been associated with him in 
h : s profession for several vears. 



DR. ARTHUR C. HEFFENGER 

< Dr. Arthur C. Heffenger, U. S. N., re- 
tired, one of the best known and most suc- 
cessful surgeons in New Hampshire, died 
at his home in Portsmouth on October 16th. 

Dr. Heffenger had been a resident of 
Portsmouth for nearly forty years, corning 
there as a young man, a surgeon in trie 
navy. He was born Dec. 12, 1853, at Cum- 
berland, Md. He was graduated from the 
University of Virginia, and after a post 
graduate course in the University of Mary- 
land, went into the Navy as a surgeon, see- 
ing 17 years of active service, mostly in 
South America and the Southern Pacific. 

Dr. Heffenger was the first Portsmouth 
physician to be made a fellow of the 
American College of Surgeons at Phila- 
delphia and was a past president of the 
N T ew Hampshire, Rockingham County and 
Portsmouth Medical societies. 

He was a well known sportsman for 
years, maintaining a large stable. 

He is survived by his wife and six chil- 
dren. 



Edwin M. Alh 



ment as Postmaster of Canaan, March 1, 
1916. He was President of the New Hamp- 
shire Pharmaceutical Association. Director 
of People's Trust Company. Lebanon and 
President of Canaan-En field Electric Com- 
pany. He was a Knight of Pythias and a 
Granger. 



GEORGE S. FORREST 

George Sidney Forrest, born in Belmont, 
January 26, 1852, and who died August 22, 
at Concord, where he had been a resident 
for 49 years, was one of the prominent archi- 
tects of the State, and a member at the time 
of his death of the Building Code. Committee 
of the Concord Chamber of Commerce. 
Among the buildings designed by him are the 
remodelled Court House at Concord, and the 
large apartment house now building there, 
Rumford Arms, his last work being upon 



DR. BORIS S1DIS 

Dr. Boris Sidis, known as the first medi- 
cal man in Rockingham County to practice 
psychopathololgy, died at his home in 
Portsmouth, October 24th. 

Dr. Sidis was born in Russia, coming to 
this country when he was twentv vears of 
age. He was graduated from Harvard in 
1.894, with an A. B. degree. The follow- 
ing year he received his A. M. degree and 
in 1897 was made a doctor of philosophy. 
From 1896 to 1902 he was psychologist 
and psychopathologisi in the state hospital 
in New York. He was also at one time 
director of the New York infirmary for 
women and children in New York City. 
In 1908 he received his degree of M. D. 

In 1909 Dr. Sidis came to Portsmouth 
and established a sanitorium for treatment 
of nervous diseases. From them on he 
personally directed the Sidis Psychothera- 
peutic institute in this city. He .wrote sev- 



eral books on medical subjects, also 
associate editor of the New York 
Bulletin, a scientific paper. 

Dr. Sidis is survived by his wido\ 
son and one daughter. 



being 
State 



ATEMEXT 



3 monthly, at Concord, NTew Hampshire, 
>ber 1, 1923: 
of New Hampshire, 
r of Merriinack ss. 



•:•;,. ■'": \\ yi ','. J, "P, T '," 

ETC.. REQUIRED BY THE ACT OF 

oV THE GRANITE MONTHLY. 

publishei 

for Oct. 

Ftate 

Count j 

Before me, a Not yj Public in and foi the 
State and county aforesaid, personally appeared 
Norn's H. Cotton, who. having been duly sworn 
according to law. deposes and says that ho is 
the managing editor of the Granite Monthly, and 
that the following is; to the best of his knowii 
and -belief, v\ Hue statement of the ownership,! 
management (and if a daily paper, the circula- 
tion) etc., of the aforesaid publication for the i 
date shown, in the above caption, required by the j 
Act of August 24, 1912. embodied in section 413. 
Postal Laws and Regulations, printed on the 
reverse of this form, to wit: 

1. That the mines and addressep of the pub- 
lisher, editor, managing editor, and business man- 
;i £ers are : 

Publisher, Tes Granite Monthi.t Co.. Inc., Concord, 

N. H. 
Managing Editor, Norr!;* H. Cotton, Concord. 

N. H. 
Business Managers, None. 

2. That the owners are : 

Edith Bird Bass, Peterborough. N. H. 
Charles Sumner Bird, E?st Walpoie, Mass. 
John G. Winant, Concord, N. H. 

3. That the known bondholders, mortgagees, j 
and other security holders owning or holding 1 i 
per cent, or more of total amount of bonds, j 
mortgages, or other securities are: None. 

NORMS H. COTTON j 
.Sworn to and subscribed before me this first ) 
day of October. 1923. 
(Seal) 

SHEREIE F. PETTEN'GILL, 
Notary Public I 
My commission expires November 5, 1027. 



PETERBOROUGH, N. H. 



HIGH PRODUCING REGISTERED 
JERSEY STOCK 

SOPHIE TORMENTOR, ST, MAWES 

AMD GOLDEN GLOW STRAINS 

We combine the highest producing fam- 
ilies of the east and the west. Stock is bred 
for high production and our Registry of 
Merit Records show it. Our herd is under 
federal supervision. 

A Few Choice Young Stock for Sale. 

VISITORS ALWAYS WELCOME. 

Apply 

: r -,'.-:. • i.' ... : •: =. 

Orchard Mill Farm, Peterborough, N. H. 



. 



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New Hampshire's Abraham Lincoln 



THE 



515- 



G RAN III 

MONTHLY 






Vol. 55 



f: 



r 



No. 12 



DECEMBER 192 



THE MONTH IN I 

Politics Oiice More In Bloom 

■jVTOVEMBER is the month of politics 
*-' in New Hampshire, even in an "off" 
year, and a great deal of interest was 
felt in the municipal election of 1923 in 
Granite State cities, especially that at 
Manchester, where Mayor George E. 
Trudel, Republican, was re-elected. The 
Republican campaign had as its slogan, 
"One good term deserves another," and 
was based largely upon Mayor Trudel's 
fine record in office. In the strong Re- 
publican wards a surprisingly large vote 
was polled and in the wards where citi- 
zens of French descent are in the ma- 
jority their racial loyalty to the Mayor 
was in evidence. 

Without waiting, as had been expect- 
ed, for the result of the Manchester 
election. Major Frank Knox of that city 
on the Saturday before election day 
made a brief announcement of his candi- 
dacy for the Republican nomination for 
Governor in 1924. promising a longer 
statement and outline of his platform 
at a later date. This first announce- 
ment emphasized the tax legislation pro- 
gram which he has favored personally 
and in his papers, the Union and Lead- 
er. Major Knox was a Rough Rider 
with Roosevelt and also saw active ser- 
vice over seas in the World War. Be- 
fore coming to New Hampshire from 
Michigan a dozen years ago he was 
chairman of the Republican state com- 
mittee in the latter state. 

A part of the press of the state and 



Co 

"EW HAMPSHIRE 

some leaders of the "Old Guard" divi- 
sion of the Republican party are not 
satisfied with dither Major Knox or 
the previously announced candidate, 
Captain John G. Winant, as their stan- 
dard bearer and are calling for a third 
candidate to enter the field, naming in 
that connection former Councilors Al- 
bert Hislop of Portsmouth and George 
VV. Barnes of Lyme, Councilor Arthur 
P. Morrill of Concord and Chairman 
Huntley N. Spaulding of the state board 
of education. 

Mrs. Alice Hamlin Glessner of Beth- 
lehem, recently appointed by Fred W. 
E stab rook of Nashua, member of the 
Republican national committee from 
New Hampshire, as his woman colleague 
upon that committee, and Mrs. Jessie 
E. Donahue of Manchester, vice-chair- 
man of the Republican state committee, 
conferred recently with Chairman 
Dwight Hall of the state committee and 
Executive Secretary Olin II . Chase of 
tiie Republican League upon the or- 
ganization of the Republican women of 
.the state in next year's campaign. 

There was comparatively little activi- 
ty in Democratic politics during the 
month although Concord's 'non-parti- 
san" city election displaced Republican 
Mayor Chamberlain with Willis H. 
Flint, Democrat. 

A Busy Governor 

pfON. Fred H, Brown, Democratic 
XX Governor, finds enough to occupy 
him in his official position without giving 



306 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



much attention as yet to 1924 politics. 
As a sample week in November, be 
spoke on Armistice Day, Sunday, the 
I lth, at the dedication oi a soldiers' 



with his customarv lack 



oi restraint, 



memorial in Peterborough. 



Mor 



night he attended the American Legion 
Armistice Ball at the state capital. 
Tuesday he got in a day at his Somers- 
worth Law office, but was back at the 
capitol Wednesday for a meeting of 
the governor and council, leaving that 
night for Berlin where on Thursday he 
started the press to print the first copy 
of the Berlin Daily Mail and attended 
the annual banquet of the Nibroc Ath- 
letic Club. Friday found him in Con- 
cord again, issuing his proclamation for 
Thanksgiving Day and declaring that 
"the spirit of New Hampshire is still 
reverent and thankful/'' 

A Granite State Hero 

N interesting connection of this state 
^- with Armistice Day in the nation 
was the belated recognition given by 
the authorities at Washington to the 
fact that George Dilboy, one of the 
heroes of the war, whose body was 
buried at Arlington on the 12th, enlist- 
ed from Keerie, New Hampshire, and 
was a part of the Granite State quota, 
although credited in previous announce- 
ments to Massachusetts. Governor 
Brown sent as his representative to the 
exercises at Washington Lieutenant 
Wilbur Mayou of Keene, commander of 
the squad in which Dilboy served. 

An important gathering of the month 
in New Hampshire was that of the New 
Hampshire. Civic Association at Man- 
chester to hear Judge John H. Clarke, 
formerly of the United States Supreme 
Court, advocate the entrance of the 
United Sta'es into the League of Na- 
tions. 

Ku Klux Klan 

r ~pilE Ku Klux Klan made its first 
..-*-.. public appearance in New Hamp- 
shire during the month with two meet- 
ings at Rochester which were addressed 
by the New England head of the order 



particularly attacking Mayor Frederick 
E. Small because of the iatters refusal 
to allow the meetings to he held in the 

theater owned by the city. 

St a te Depart ments 

HP HE announced decision of the state 
J - highway department that it would 
not assist in keeping the main highways 
clear of snow this winter occasioned 
some dissent in southern New Hamp- 
shire, but was welcomed generally on the 
ground that it probably would result in 
an unusual!}' mild season ; this view 
being taken because, last year, when the 
department proposed to keep the roads 
open the snow came early and deep and 
staved late. 

The splendid showing of New Hamp- 
shire in the national fruit show at New 
York City during the month was a sub- 
ject of pride and congratulation and will 
assist in providing a profitable market 
for all the Granite State fruit which is 
properly prepared therefor. 

Farewell Football 

rpIIANKSGIYJNG Day brought an 
■*■ end to what on the whole has been 
a satisfactory season for New Hamp- 
shire lovers of football. Although the 
formal dedication of the Memorial 
Field at Dartmouth was marked by an 
overwhelming victory for the visiting 
Cornell eleven, Dartmouth previously 
had won from Harvard and in the minds 
of many graduates and undergraduates 
that is glory enough for one season. 
While New Hampshire University did 
not put so strong an eleven in the held 
as in some previous years, the good rec- 
ord of its freshman team gave much 
promise for the future. Phillips Exeter 
Academy did all that was expected of 
it in holding Phillips Andover Academy 
to a tie. Almost all the academies and 
high schools of the state had well coach- 
ed elevens, the members of which played 
a clean game and showed good sports- 
manship, — II. C. P. 



THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL 



rG7 



New Hampshire's Tribute to the Greatest American 

By Elmer E. Woodbury 




N February 12, 1809, in Hodgdens- 

viile, Kentucky, a man of destiny 
was born. In poverty and ignor- 
ance, in a most humble hut, environed 
by a scrub farm, one of the most unique 
characters, one of the world's greatest 
statesmen, and a nation's most beloved 
president, first breathed the breath of 
life — Abraham Lincoln. His only cradle 
was his mother's arms. Lie had no 
toys, for toys cost money which was a 
commodity unknown in this frontier 
home. His only playground was the 
lonely forest. Here he remained until 
he was seven years old without school- 
ing or books save what his mother pro- 
vided in a humble way. From here he 
trudged behind his father and mother 
to the trackless wilds of southern In- 
diana where a new home, a mere "lean- 
to" hut with no windows or floor was 
built in the primeval forest of Little Pig- 
eon Creek. Here later this boy of. des- 
tiny knelt sobbing beside his dying 
mother while she laid her hand on his 
young head and gave him her blessing, 
telling him to be good to his father and 
sister, to love then' kin and to worship 
his God. He watched the body of his 
sainted mother lowered into a shallow 
grave on the hillside without a spoken 
prayer. Tradition tells us that later 
this boy induced a travelling preacher 
to deliver a sermon and say a prayer 
above his mother's grave. 

Such was the beginning of that re- 



schooling was that in which he himself 



was the tutor. In a wild and desolate 
region among the primeval works of 
nature's God. Abraham Lincoln grew 
to manhood. A master mind was de- 
veloped that in later years "with malice 
toward none, with charity for all," was to 
preserve intact the nation that he loved. 

To Little Pigeon Creek in the wilds 
of southern Indiana belongs the honor 
of raising the first monument to Abra- 
ham Lincoln. When he followed his 
parents to the banks of the Sangamon 
in Illinois, a boyhood companion planted 
a cedar in memory of him, and that little 
tree was the first memorial raised in 
honor to this great man of destiny. Llis 
name stands linked with that of Wash- 
ington in the eyes of the world and will 
endure longer than bronze, or granite. 
Washington came down from the height 
of wealth and fame and buikled a nation 
for a poor people. Lincoln came up from 
the lowest environment of ignorance and 
poverty and preserved that nation at a 
time when enemies were trying to des- 
troy it. 

From that day when the little cedar 
was planted in Indiana down to the pres- 
ent memorials in granite, in bronze, in 
oil, and in many other forms have been 
raised and will continue to be raised in 
his honor as long as democracy lives. 
In the stirring days of '61, when the 
great leader was indeed "despised and 
rejected of men," undergoing the sneers 
of political enemies of the North and in 
hourly danger from the secret agents 
of his military enemies of the South, nO 



568 



THE GRAN! FE MON i'tlL' 




Rear Admiral Joseph B. Mur lock 
(Retired) 

state in the Union supported him more 
splendidly than did New Hampshire. 
It is extremely fitting, therefore, that 
after the lapse of over a half a century 
this state should join her sisters in hon- 
oring" his memory. 

For a great many years visitors' to 
our State Capitol have admired and 
commented upon the beautiful portraits 
in the Hall of Representatives. From 
left to right they are as follows: the 
two Colonial Governors Wentworth, 
President Franklin Pierce, George 
Washington, Daniel Webster, and John 
P. Hale. 

During the 1921 session of the New 
Hampshire Legislature, the absence of 
a portrait of Abraham Lincoln from the 
state house collection, often in the past 
noted and commented upon, was made 
the subject, under the leadership of Rep- 
resentative and former State Senator 
Elmer E. Woodbury of Woodstock, of 
official action. 

The following resolution was offered 
in the House by the late Captain James 
EI. Hunt of Nashua, passed by that body 
and concurred in by the Senate: 

Whereas, an oil portrait of Washing- 
ton, "The Father of His Country," oc- 



cupies a conspicuous place in the Capi- 
tol Building oi New Hampshire, and 

Whereas, there is no official portrait 
of Abraham Lincoln, the great emanci- 
pator and preserver of his country. 
placed in the Capitol Building of this 
stat« , and 

\\ hereas, it seems appropriate that 
oar state should be in line with other 
states in recognizing the services of one 
of the 'greatest men the world ever pro- 
duced, and place beside, the portrait of 
\\ ashington, our first president, an ap- 
propriate oil painting o: Abraham Lin- 
coln, our sixteenth president. 

i herefore, be it Resolved, by the 
House of Representatives, the Senate 
concurring, that a committee of two on 
the part of the House and one on the 
[■art of the Senate be appointed by the 
Speaker of the House and the President 
of the Senate, respectively, to solicit 
funds, from the cities and towns of the 
state not to exceed $3,000 for the pur- 
pose aforesaid. 

Resolved, That funds subscribed for 
aforesaid purpose be placed in the hands 
of the state treasurer, and expended un- 
der the direction of the governor and 
council who shall direct and approve all 
work incident thereto. 



• 



Hon. Elmer E. Woodbury 



THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL 569 

Under the terms of this resolution Legislature 'have gazed upon with pride 

the President oi the Senate named to and unconsciously copied the attitude 

represent that body on the joint com- of their great president, Franklin Fierce 

mittee. Captain John G. Winant of Con- as lie looks forth upon them in their 

cord, and the Speaker of the House ap- Mall. On the other hand, Republicans 

pointed from his branch Mr. Woodbury have emulated the doughty staunchness 

and Admiral J..B. Murdock, U. S. N.., of their great pioneer, John P. Hale, 

retired, member from the town of Hill. standing before them with the same stern 

The committee decided that it would resolution with which he first raised his 

he appropriate and useful to raise the voice in the National Senate in behalf 

,ieces-ary funds, so far as possible, by of abolition. But when the image of the 

a request of the school children of the great Lincoln -hall be elevated to a place 

state for individual contributions of ten beside the Father of our Country in die 

cents each. To this appeal nearly ten center of New Hampshire's Legislative 

thousand boys and girls made favorable assembly, they will together form a 

response. shrine before which men of all creeds 

Thus led by the school children of and parties may bow themselves, remem- 

Xew Hampshire, the friends and ad- bering only that 'they are Americans. 

mirers of "Railsplitter'' president will After all is said it is utterly futile to pay 

place a life size oil portrait of bum be- a fitting tribute to the name of Lincoln, 

side that of Washington in the Hall of One of his own speeches which was 

Representatives. It will be a New long lost and has recently been found 

Hampshire product in every sense of was delivered upon the 110th anniver- 

the word, paid for by our people, and sary of the birthday of Washington, and 

painted by a native of and resident of is strikingly appropriate to be quoted 

the state, Hon. Frank French of Man- with reference to its author. 

Chester. The committee in charge of "On that name an eulogy is expected, 

the work are planning to unveil this It cannot be. To add brightness to the 

memorial February 12, 1925, when the sun or glory to the name of Washington 

Legislature is in session. is alike impossible. Let none attempt it. 

Most historic figures great as they In solemn awe pronounce the name 

may be still savor of particular causes and in its naked, deathless splendor 

znd parties. For many years the Demo- leave it , shining on." 
cratic members of the New Hampshire 



OPPORTUNITY 

By Louise Patterson Guyol 

Some call her unforgiving, adamant, 

Never-returning if by chance she come 

And find you not. Some say that she will grant 

Unending grace, that you can never plumb 

The depths of her compassion. Others still 

JJelieve her fickle as an April wind; 

Believe that she will live with you until 

Her fancy change, then, unreluctant, find 

A newer love. But there are some say this: 

That Opportunity is cpnict, shy; 

And when, uncertainly, she seeks your door, 

You must not be too eager for her kiss; 

Delay a. moment, lest she turn to fly — 

Then she will stay, and love vou evermore! 



PROGRESSIVE NEW HAMPSHII 

By Ex-Governor Robert P. Bass 



SIC 



IJEj 



"Mew England" declares the Storfow Commission, "has shown courage 
dnd resource in the past. We believe New England is ready to do so again." 



The Pessimist 

number of us were dining to- 
-4 gether ia-st winter at the- Eagle 

Hotel in Concord. The conver- 
sation turned to the future of New 
England. The more intense industrial 
competition, mounting transportal ion 
costs, the high price and uncertain sup- 
ply of coal and our waning agricultural 
produetion, all came up in the course 
of discus- 
sion. Ft- ; ; 
nally. one : 

of our most 

successful - - . ■ r~— — 

business ' ■" 

men sum- •:."'.. - 

med up his 
conclusions 
as follows : . *.."... 

"It is no 
use, New 

E n g 1 a h d - ■ 

has seen 
her best 
days. It is L " 
onlyaques- A Suggested Super-Power 

t } 0U ° £ The lines indicate approxin 

time before ern and Western super-power 

, "" come into existence, together 

OUi' Indus- Elections which will be install) 

.,, the two systems. 

tries will 

disappear as fast as the farms pre going 
at present. Our future lies with the tour- 
ist and the summer boarder. As a pro- 
ductive section of the country, New Eng- 
land is doomed. Of course, in public 
I boost New England, but for all that, 
I realize that the situation is hopeless." 

The Optimist 

Some months afterward, I sat in the 
offices of the President of our State 
University at Durham. Some twenty 
men were there assembled at his invita- 
tion. There were manufacturers, lum- 



bermen, leaders in the modern agricul- 
tural movement, bankers, labor union of- 
ficials and educators, all public spirited 
and prominent in our State affairs. 
Here was quite a different spirit, quite 
a different point of view. This group 
had come together to definitely work. 
out some plan of action, some State pro- 
gram to meet and overcome the present 
serious condition which confronts agri- 
culture and many of the industries 

in N e w 

Hampshire. 

: ' Here was 

fc* ..•'■ no hope- 

^jf ■ -- '■' ■: 1 ess n ess ; 

■ ' ~._. 'A~~\' ready to 

......._ /'\-\v^— . take h°* d 

, ,.■■; . . ; "-\ .•■-'■-. j - of this sit- 

a t i o n i n 

• --';,- -o> the public 

v- j in terest, 

/ . these men 

* proposed 
: to apply 
% -" their united 

ability tow- 
System for North America ard finding 

lately the structure of the East- » Solution 
systems that will probably first £ q t h i S 
v. ith the trans-continental con- 
id at some later date to unify. problem IU 

a methodi- 
cal, systematic manner. 

The contrast of these two points of 
view illustrates just the difference be- 
tween success and failure, between 
growth and decay. Those men at Dur- 
ham had something of the spirit of our 
own pioneers. Something of the same 
spirit that must have inspired those 
people of Denmark, who on finding 
themselves in 1866 a bankrupt State, 
with poor soil, poor stock, undeveloped 
industry and a large population per 
square mile, came together, formulated 
and carried out a well planned agrieul- 



PROGRESSIVE NEW HAMPSHIRE 



571 



tural, educational and social program, spirit of resourcefulness and determina- 

which caused that country to become, in tion has died out. 

a generation, the most generally pros- We must eliminate waste, we must di- 

perous agricultural State in the world. vect all effort to the best advantage, we 

Necessity furnished the incentive, edit- .must pull together. Our water powers 

cation, cooperation and organization did must be developed, these industries best 

the rest.' adapted to our resources and markets 

We in New Hampshire must meet must be encouraged, our lands and for- 

the new conditions of competition from ests must be more efficiently cultivated 









Photo by the Kimball 



dio, Concord. X. H. 

Directors of N. H. Farm Bureau 



3 
.J 



Left to right, standing — Homer S. Smith; Ex-Governor Robert P. Bass, Peterboro; 
Arthur P. Reed, Winchester; H. Styles Bridges, Concord. 

Left to right, seated — S. A. Lovejoy, Milford; Mrs. Fannie B. White, Ciaremont; 
George M.Putnam, Contoocook; Herhert N. Sawyer, Atkinson; J. C. Avery, Woifeboro. 



those parts of the country more favor- 
ably situated as to raw material, power, 
soils or even climate with brains and or- 
ganization, with education and coopera- 
tion. If our industries decline and our 
farms continue to be abandoned, if we 
become nothing more than a summer 
playground, it will not be because our 
problem is unsolvable or our situation 
inherently hopeless, but because the old 



and husbanded, our people must be edu- 
cated and organized to a new efficiency 
and a new spirit of cooperation. It 
means a higher type of civilization, it 
requires more resourcefulness, more un- 
selfishness. 

That we in New England shall suc- 
cessfully overcome our problems as 
other nations and states have in similar 
situations, I have no doubt, Already 



57; 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Improperly cut over land — Acres of N 
made useless b> r being left 

our leading- citizens are fully alive to 
the graveness of the situation and to 
the necessity for action. Hardly a day 
passes that we do not see something on 
this subject in the editorial pages of our 
press. And now conies this meeting at 
Durham. It was particularly gratify- 
ing and inspiring to me, for it marks 
the one step toward an organized and 
comprehensive industrial and agricultural 
New Hampshire program of reconstruc- 
tion. 

The most casual analysis of conditions 
confronting Xew England clearly indi- 
cates that something more is needed 
than either destructive criticism or 
thoughtless patriotic enthusiasm. The 
foundation for renewed permanent pros- 
perity in Xew Hampshire must rest on 
a searching, systematic and ruthless 
analysis of existing conditions, clearly 
to reveal the obstacles which must be 
overcome. 

A New Hampshire Program 

But that in itself is not enough. It 
must be followed by a constructive pro- 
gram of action, carefully considered 
with a view of uniting all elements and 



e\v Hampshire territory are 
in this manner. 



interests in 
a plan of 
a c t i o n 
which will 
make the 
best possi- 
ble use of 
our avail- 
able r e- 
sources and 
direct our 
activities to 
the most 
favorable 
field of 
production. 
The next 
step must 
be a cam- 
paign o f 
education, 
for no mat-- 
t e r h o w 
aide, or how practical, such a program 
may be it cannot succeed without the 
complete understanding and the hearty 
cooperation of the majority of our 
people. Once we can cause this survey 
and this program to become a subject of 
discussion in our schools and colleges, 
at public meetings, and in the homes, 
then we look forward with assurance to 
a rejuvenated New England, a New 
England which will once more take a 
position of leadership in our country. 

The facts which will be revealed by 
an intensive survey will indicate many 
useful lines of action which are not now- 
apparent. It is not possible to anticipate 
the findings of President Hetzel's com- 
mittee hut we already know certain 
tilings which much need to be done at 
once. It is evident,- for instance, that 
all of New England is, to an unusual 
degree, dependent upon an efficient and 
economical system of transportation both 
by hind and sea. This has an intimate 
relation to the prosperity of both agri- 
culture and industry. The question is 
being agitated and sifted as a result of 
the much controverted Storrow Report. 
Surely this important matter should no 



PROGRESSIVE NEW HAMPSHIRE 



573 



longer be allowed to drift. Interests 

of individuals and groups must give 

way to the crying need of the entire 
community. 



Agriculture Must Orgauiz 



It would seem that the entire struc- 
ture of agricultural production needs to 
be reorganized. There should be sonic 
way of determining in a scientific man- 
ner just what each community is best, 
adapted to raise in relation to its soil, 
climate and markets. Groups of farm- 
ers in each neighborhood should, by 
agreement, raise enough of such pro- 
ducts so that it can be marketed to the 
best advantage. Rigid grading and a 
high standard of quality is essential to 
insure good prices. 

Agriculture is the one field of human 
activity which has not yet been highly 
organized. The farmer is, for the most 
part, still buying and selling as an isolat- 
ed individual 

Our system of food distribution is 
the most extravagant in the world. For 
each dollar spent by the consumer, the 
farmer now receives only about fifty 
cents. Tin's wasteful process would be 



reduced by the cooperative marketing 
of farm products. 

Owing to the fact that New England 
agriculture is carried on in such small 
units and with very limited capita], its 
progress is largely dependent on Gov- 
ernmental assistance for research, ex- 
perimental work, new methods, ade- 
quate credits at reasonable rates and 
protection from market manipulation 
by middle men for speculative profits. 

The intense individualism of the farm- 
er has in the past prevented him from 
exerting an influence on politics and on 
governmental activities proportionate to 
his numbers or to the importance of his 
calling. These facts are probably res- 
ponsible, for the present tendency toward 
economic and political organization 
among the farmers. 

The rapid development of the Farm 
Bureau movement in New Hampshire 
and its achievement in stimulating co- 
operative buying and selling indicates 
that we are making substantial progress 
in the right direction. It indicates an in- 
telligent understanding of existing diffi- 
culties and a determination through sys- 
tematic organization to secure united 



Waste Land— This land presented to the State Forestry Department by S. O. 
Huckins of Ossipee is now covered with pine set out by the Department. 



574 



gra; 



E MONTHLY 



action to meet these difficulties. It rep- 
resents a new spirit and a renewed vitali- 
ty which should be helped and encour- 
aged by all who arc. interested in the 
permanent prosperity of our community. 

- Sleet Industrial Handicaps 

The intense competition which now 
comes from other sections of the coun- 
try has created some serious problems 
for the manufacturer. Increasing trans- 
portation costs have resulted in a higher 
price for all raw material and coal. It 
has also made it more expensive to mar- 
ket the finished product. Owing to the 
fact that we import so much of our food. 
higher railroad rates have made the cost 
of living in New England more than it is 
in many other sections of the country. 
It lias been estimated that this adds $1.00 
each week to trie cost of food for each 
individual. This tends to increase 
wages. 

Under the pressure of all these ad- 
verse conditions, the manufacturer is 
very naturally opposed to wage increases 
or to shorter hours of labor. His first 
spontaneous reaction to these conditions 
is to cut his labor costs in order to meet 
outside competition. This tendency 
holds a serious danger to the permanent 
prosperity of New England industries. 
In the past, one of our chief assets has 
been an abundant supply of highly skilled 
labor. If our conditions of work fall 
materially below those which prevail 
elsewhere in the United States the best 
of our skilled labor is likely to drift 
away and we shall gradually lose that 
advantage which contributed so much 
to our earlier successes. 

I believe that a far-sighted view of 
the present situation will lead to the 
conclusion that the effort to lower work- 
ing conditions is unwise and that our 
remedy lies in other directions. 

Water-power vs. Coal 

First of all, we should take advantage 
of all those natural resources with which 
we are endowed. Our water powers 
should be fully developed and utilized 



to replace high priced coal. At present, 
almost one-half of our available watei 

{inwer in Xew England lies undeveloped. 
This is clearly an extravagance winch 
we cannot afford. 

Furthermore, we should develop an 
extensive system of water storage to in- 
crease the available power at all the 
plants now in use. A single reservoir 
at the head of one of our streams will 
add materially to the power generated 
at every plant on that stream without 
any further outlay for additional equip- 
ment. It lias been estimated that 507< 
of water in our streams now flows over 
the dams unused during the flood season. 
By storing; even one half of tin's waste 
water and releasing it in times of 
drought, we should reduce our coal bills 
by several million dollars each year. 
This is a bit of thrift which we can no 
longer afford to overlook. 

Then, there is the proposed St. Law- 
rence waterway, which, if carried out. 
will not only provide cheaper transporta- 
tion to our markets in the middle West, 
but would generate about one million, 
live hundred thousand horse power of 
hydro-electric energy which it is said 
could be marketed in New England at 
one cent per kilowatt. 

Mr. Charles R. Gow, President of the 
Associated Industries of Massachusetts 
has stated that the saving in transporta- 
tion charges alone would each year equal 
the total cost of the development. While 
the sale of the electric power at one cent 
per kilowatt hour would provide a suf- 
ficient revenue to pa}- all the carrying 
and funding charges of the entire pro- 
ject. 

Finally the present agitation for the 
creation of a Super Power System 
should enlist the enthusiastic support of 
New England. The Super Power Plan 
calls for intensive development of elec- 
tric power, the division of the country 
into a few districts and connecting the 
larger generating plants by a trunk line 
distributing system to equalize the use 
of current and to eliminate waste. 
Auxiliary steam power would be devei- 



PROGRESSIVE 

o«ed in large units near coal mines or 
. n tide water where iuel can be secured 
at a minimum cost. Herbert Hoover 

recently stated that in the eleven North 
Eastern states alone this would save 
50,000,000 tons of coal each year. 

This plan when put into execution 
should provide a more adequate and 
stable supply of power at substantially 
reduced rates. Furthermore it would 
tend to equalize the price of power 
throughout the North Eastern States. 
ft holds tremendous possibilities for 
Xew England. Among these are the 
electrification of our Railroads, and 
lower operating costs. An ample sup- 
ply of cheap electrical power would 
mean a fuller use of labor saving ma- 
chinery in the factory, on the farm and 
in the home. 

Before any of these plans can be car- 
ried out, however, certain legislation, 
state and federal, must be passed. We 
in New Hampshire must see to it that 
our representatives do their share to 
secure the necessary Legislation and to 
see that it adequately protects the pub- 
lic interests so that the benefits will be 
secured by those who use the power 
both great and small, rather than allow 
the lion's share of the profits to be ab- 
sorbed by promoters and speculators. 

More Timber 

There is one kind of raw material 
which we. can produce in quantity as well 
and as cheaply as it can be reused in any 
section of this country. T refer to tim- 
ber. At present, almost one-third of 
the area of New Hampshire consists of 
waste land which is producing nothing 
of value. Most of this land is well 
adapted to growing valuable timber. We 
can no longer afford the luxury of waste 
land. Properly utilized, it would fur- 
nish our citizens with an increased reve- 
nue of many millions of dollars each 
year, and add materially to the prosperity 
of our farmers who own a large part of 
this non-productive area. 

Let me illustrate my point by a specific 
example. Until quite recently, there 



HEW H \Ai PSH1RE 



0/ D 



have, I believe, been few match factories 
ui Xew England. Our pine blocks have 
fccn shipped from New Hampshire to 
factories in ether sections of the coun- 
try and the matches which we burn have 
been transported all the way back. A 
few months ago, some enterprising 
people in Cheshire county started a 
match factory. They buy their raw ma- 
terial from a neighboring box shop 
which had previously shipped these 
blocks to Ohio. The freight on a car- 
toad of this material from Cheshire 
county to Ohio amounted to $150. The 
return freight on the matches came to 
$240. This New Hampshire match 
factory is starting with an advantage 
of between $300 and S 100 on every car- 
load of matches which they sell here in 
Xew England. That is the kind of in- 
dustry which is well adapted to existing 
conditions, and, consequently likely to 
thrive. 

Our two million acres of waste land 
cannot be brought into valuable timber 
growth until we revise our antiquated 
system of taxation, and this requires an 
amendment to our Constitution. As we 
tax growing timber to-day, no man can 
afford to raise a crop of trees, conse- 
quently he saves money by allowing his 
land to go to waste. 

In dealing with a problem of such 
magnitude and diversity, it is possible 
here only -to touch upon a very few of 
its many aspects and perhaps suggest 
some general conclusions. As society 
is now organized, our various human 
activities have become largely inter-de- 
pendent. To get the most out of life 
the business man, the banker, the farm- 
er and the laboring man must, to some 
extent, cooperate for their mutual good. 
Let us, with foresight and determination, 
agree upon a community program which 
gives reasonable and equal considera- 
tion to the needs of agriculture and in- 
dustry, capital and labor. Let us make 
our Government an effective agency to 
supplement private enterprise in carry- 
ing out such a program in the interest 
of all classes of our citizens. 



~' /Vj ■ THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



MA 



y ■■-■ -^\i-.!^ ■/■-■ 



ct-v, -\. ... -. . 



t//,^ Newest High School in the Sfate-The City of Laconia loses no opporttmhv . 
boast o« tins schooh I, was contpleled ,ast snnnner and p!acod inreadine" ^Zt:„ 

the present school year. 
. „ Commissioner Butterfield 

and the Hon. Fletcher 
. ; ^ Hale were the speaker? 

I ;i at its dedication in Sep- 

• -.. ' ' tember. 



Center — The wonder of 

the ^T'- 3 ^J °i BerHll ' S nCW $4 ° a00 ° Hish Sch ° 01 - ™* »^'f theTew In 
the state equipped with a fine gymnasium. 






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i. » NEW JUGH SCHOOLS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE S/7 

!'- SOME NEW 



HIGH SCHOOLS 

OF WHICH 
NEWHAMPSHIRE 

; MAY BE PROUD 



-■.:- 



Upper — Interior of the Auditorium, Practical Arts School — Tin's magnificent auditorium 
has a seating capacity of 1-100 and is used for all kinds of community gatherings. 



\ Lower, opposite page — Practical Arts or ''West Side" School, Manchester — This school 
specializes in Domestic, and Mechanical Art and is perhaps a pioneer of those institutions 
which shall hold the young men and women who are not inclined in classical direction. 



Lower — High School, Nashua — This is one of the best High Schools in the state. It has 
already served Nashua four years and there is little indication that the students of that city- 
will be cramped for quarters. 



»7>g£?-\"v> 



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F 



BUY CHRISTMAS SEALS 



IK John G. Win ant 



5 78 



"Mr. Winant is an associate editor of the GRANITE MONTHLY 
and President of the New Hampshire Tuberculosis Association. 



1 IXTEEN years ago, Miss Emily P. 
Bissell of Wilmington. Delaware, 
sold seals for the first time in this 
country and raised one thousand dollars 
to pay for the fight of our first tubercu- 
losis sanatorium, Hope Farm. Delaware. 
T h e Tuberculosis 
movement to-day, 
which is one of the 
greatest voluntary 
social work move- 
ments in the world, 
is the monument to 1 
the development of 
the Tuberculosis 
Christmas seal. 
These little patches 
of merry Christmas 
colors, bearing the 
great plus sign of 
our civilization, have 
carried into the cof- 
fers of our Tuber- 
culosis -Association, 
sufficient money to 
carry on, success- |j 
fully, our great fight 
against the white 
plague. j 

Only once each 



year we ask you to 



Captain John G. Winant 



buy them, so we ask 

that you remember that these little sym- 
bols mean health happiness and often 
life, itself, to many people. The money 
that is raised in New Hampshire, 



losis Association to establish thirty-six 
clinic centers which reach every section 
of the state. It has provided for eleven 
full time public health nurses, for case 
finding, clinic work, and instructive work 
in the homes or wherever else needed. 
21 1 diagnostic clinics 
have been held dur- 
ing last year. A total 
of 5,865 examina- 
tions were made at 
clinics during the 
year. 17,632 home 
| visits were made by 
| county nurses dur- 
ing last year. 29,475 
pieces of education- 
I al literature on Tu- 
i berculosis were dis- 
tributed. Lecture- 
were held during 
' the summer semes- 
ter of our state 
| normal schools and 
much additional edu- 
cational work was ac- 
9 complishcd through 
pictures, lectures and 
I newspapers. 

In New Hamp- 
shire in 1918 there 
were 470 deaths 
from pulmonary tuberculosis. This num- 
ber has been reduced to 306 deaths in 
less than four years. 

The seal this year carries with it, the 



th 



roug 



h the sale of these Christmas spirit of Christmas. It shows a little 



seals, is spent in our own state tor the 
benefit of our own people. 

Your money has enabled the Tubercu- 



child sitting before an open fireplace, 
seeing in the flames a picture of Santa 
Clans. Let us be generous givers. 



511 



i 



■ 



Commissioner E. \V. Butterfield with New Hampshire's Superintendents of Schools. 

RURAL DEPOPULATION IN 
NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Our Schools A Principal Cause 
By E. W. Butterfield, Commissioner of Education 



fcjlOR thirty years rural sociologists 
have been disturbed by currents of 
migration which tend to depopulate 
country towns. To this problem they 
have given no little attention. 

The movement from the country city- 
ward is not peculiar to Xew Hampshire, 
as many apparently believe, but our situ- 
ation is paralleled by that in the British 
Tsles, in Scandinavia, in the German}' oi 
1914 and in all of the maritime provinces 
of Canada. This is a general move- 
ment wherever farms and large cities 
are in close juxtaposition and where di- 
versified products have not been replaced 
by a single crop specialization. 

Survey of Education Board 

In 1917 the General Education Board 
became interested in the rural depopu- 
lation of New Hampshire and. made a 
liberal appropriation in order that a 



careful stud)- could be made of the ex- 
tent of the movement and its causes. 
The survey was made through the State 
Department of Education by a specialist 
in agriculture and rural economics. 

This study shows that from 1830 the 
decline in agriculture has been continu- 
ous, except that a group of Coos county 
towns has shown an increase.. A cer- 
tain few of the agricultural towns have 
declined until now the population num- 
bers but one-half, one-fourth or even 
one-eighth of the citizenship of the early 
part of the century. 

In large industrial towns, however, 
the agricultural growth was continued 
by an industrial development so the in- 
crease has been on the whole steady. 

A considerable number of suburban 
towns have lost their agricultural basis 
and have gained with the cities to which 
they are attached. The agricultural 



580 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



loss has been equalled by the industrial 

gain ancj the population has neither in- 
creased nor decreased. 

Towns which depend upon summer 
visitors have lost in agriculture and 
have .shown waves of gain and loss. 
This development has been since 1869. 
Experience has shown that it is difficult 
to make schools purposeful and effective 
in summer towns as the artificial life of 
the summer reacts unfavorably upon the 
children. 

Certain of our towns are being trans- 
formed from independent farms into 
country estates. When this occurs and 
estates are in the hands of caretakers 
children are few and the town gains 
largely in wealth but loses in present 
and potential population. 

In a considerable number of towns 
with good agricultural possibilities, the 
movement toward depopulation lias 
slackened or stopped and there has been 
a slight increase shown by the census of 
1910 and 1920. This ma\ " indicate a 
turning of the tide. 

Causes of Depopulation 

This survey enumerated four specific 
causes of New Hampshire's rural loss. 

1. Inoustptal Revolution. 

In 1820 the great body of New Eng- 
land men were farmers or were engaged 
in rendering service to farmers. Farm- 
ing operations were at tins time simple. 
In 1850 every occupation and every pro- 
cess had been modified by modern ma- 
chinery. The price of labor rose rapid- 
ly and small rocky farms which could 
produce abundantly with cheap labor 
could no longer be worked with profit. 

2. Westward Emigration. 

The years 1840 to 1860 were those of 
a great westward migration during 
which thousands of New Hampshire 
men followed the advice of our own 
Horace Greeley, "Go west, young man." 

3. The Civil War. 

Rural New Hampshire volunteered 
with ready patriotism at the opening of 



the war between the states. Rural 
New Hampshire suffered .from the 
volunteer system. A large number who 
escaped military service were those of 
little patriotism and of small vision. 

4. The Schools. 

Since 1S70 it is probable that the 
schools have done more to depopulate 
rural New England than any other 
single agent. This is because they have 
been city schools transferred to the 
country. They hnve refrained from 
teaching agriculture, rural life and rural 
living and have turned all of their 
courses cityward. If high schools, they 
have urged all boys to college and, if 
colleges, have urged all to the profes- 
sions. If lower schools, they have em- 
phasized the arts of the clerk and the 
trader rather than those of the pro- 
ducer. As a result, pupils of the lower 
rural schools have gone to the cities for 
commonplace clerical and mercantile 
positions and pupils of the higher schools 
to the cities to secure professional ad- 
vance or wealth. 

The field study which was to deter- 
mine the possibilities of repopulating 
the towns followed this plan. It deter- 
mined the acreage of the towns and the 
number of acres at present arable. It 
made a survey of the soil and considered 
desirable types of " farming, kinds of 
crops and size of profitable farms. It 
made an estimate of the number of fami- 
lies and of persons who might be sup- 
ported from the farms. W r ith this, it 
studied the transportation and market 
facilities to see their effect on the fall 
of population. It reached the follow- 
ing conclusions in regard to the pres- 
ent situation. 

"We find that the rural area would, 
at a conservative estimate, .furnish a 
livelihood for over sixty per cent, more 
population than now finds its home there. 

We find that the transportation facil- 
ities are good, that it cannot success- 
fully be maintained that railroad build- 
ing has crippled towns, that towns off 
the line of railroad have on the whole 



RURAL DEPOPULATION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



581 



done as well as towns on the line, ex- 
ec])! where the railroad had given an 
impetus to industrial development in 

some towns. 

It appears that the demands of the 
home market are far in excess of the 
home supply* In -the end. the non-rural 
consumer is paying for his supplies, cost 
of production and ordinary cost of dis- 
tribution plus a high differential freight 
rate due to import:- from a distance. 

Accordingly, it seems clear that there 
have been other than economic causes in 
the decline of population, and that Other 
than economic causes are now operative 
in keeping population down. 

We know that poor school facilities 
actually do operate to deter people with 
children from taking up farm lands and 
that similarly there is still a steady, 
though not large, emigration in search 
of better schools. 

It has further been shown that the 
influence of higher education has cer- 
tainly operated to strip the rural area of 
its strongest leadership, and that on the 
other hand an higher education adapted 
to the rural area can operate to check 
this type of selection and elimination. 

It seems clear, therefore, first, that 
good elementary and high schools will 
inevitably do much to check further 
stripping of the countryside of its best 
material and will make it possible for 
men with families to return to the land ; 
and, second, that an education adapted 
to the interpretation of country problems 
will furnish the only capital upon which 
rural people can depend for constantly 
adapting themselves to a constantly 
changing social and economic environ- 
ment. 

Finally, if we undertake .on a large 
scale to build a public school system ade- 
quate for the needs of the rural area, 
we are sure that we are not building nor 
attempting to build on an impossible 
economic foundation. And that is the 
question which the whole investigation 
was intended primarily to answer." 

It is worth while for those who are 
interested in New Hampshire's future 



to review the educational changes which 
the last five years have seen in rural 
New Hampshire. To a considerable 
extent, the state has been able to remove 
the handicap which has restrained chil- 
dren in rural districts. In tin's period 
expert supervision has been extended 
so that it is effective in remote towns as 
in wealth}- cities. The country and the 
city, superintendents are equally compe- 
tent and well paid. 

During this period the school year for 
country schools lias been extended and 
is now uniform throughout the state. In 
this time the average school year has 
been lengthened by two weeks and the 
attendance of school pupils increased 
by 2%. In 1918, 924 rural and village 
schools and 6,495 pupils in poor towns 
had a school year which was from two 
to sixteen weeks shorter than in more 
fortunate places. Last year in the en- 
tire state but twelve small schools, with 
an enrollment of 134 pupils, failed to 
remain open for the full thirty-six 
weeks. 

These years have seen the remodeling 
of 80% of rural school buildings and 
state wide extension of the physical wel- 
fare of pupils through the services of 
nurses and physicians. 

During these years the number of 
normal school graduates employed in 
the elementary schools has increased 
from 44% to 55% of the whole and 
there has come the practical elimination 
of teachers with neither experience nor 
training. 

In the same years the enrollment of 
regular students at the normal schools 
has increased from 240 to 608. 

Through tire state policy of aid to im- 
poverished districts, these gains have 
been made possible without an abnormal 
cost for schools in any of the school 
districts. 

There is abundant evidence that these 
changes have checked the movement of 
population away from some of our rural 
towns. The improvement of the schools 
is but one step, however, in the develop- 
ment of the state for its possible future. 



S8X 

JIJSTICE JOHN II CLARKE IN MANCHESTER 

x. ti.-C. 

\NE of the most interesting and and a pirecing straightforward 

f helpful institutions affecting glance from the blue eyes deep set 

the life and thought of our state under, level brows — it is little wonder 

is the New Hampshire Civic Asso.cia- that Justice Clarke is one who can 

lion which practice.? a policy of invil- impress himself deeply in the memo- 

ihg able advocates of different view ries of those with whom lie comes in 

I points on public questions to address contact. Added to this appearance, 

them In the opinion of many the the mellow tones of a fine voice which 

crowning achievement of the Asso- in climatic points of his utterance, 

ci tion's work thus far was reached thrilled with a great passion which 

on November 16th when in conjunc- could never be falsely assumed, made 

tion 'ith the Chamber of Commerce an impression never to be forgotten, 

of Manchester some 250 of the most It is a matter of general knowledge 

intelligent men and women of our that Justice Clarke resigned his seat 

commonwealth listened to an argu- on the Supreme Bench of our country 

ment in favor of the League of Na- some months ago that he might de- 

tions by John II. Clarke of Ohio, ex- vote his entire time and energy in 

Justice of the United States Supreme urging the United States to become a 

Court. It was only a few months ago member of the League of Nations. 

that Senator Borah of Idaho presented In his opening statement he. explained 

a masterly discourse to a similar his position by saying, "I wish you ah 

group opposing the League. to know that I am not a public speaker 

American public life has never for pay. My views on this great ques- 

lacked aide orators. It is today re- tion are not in the market at any price. 

plete with clear thinkers who hold I would like you to know that I am 

their audiences more by the forceful-- not here to forward the cause of any 

ness of their reasoning than by the party or to cultivate any private am- 

attractiveness of their speech. There bitions. 1 have had all the honor 

is another numerous class of excep- that I covet in this life and laid it 

tioiially fluent speakers whose elo- down because I felt I saw in this 

quence alone is sufficient to command cause the opportunity of greater ser- 

an audience irrespective of the sub- vice." 

ject matter of their discourse. It is As a prelude to his analysis of the 

however, rare indeed that we are priv- League the speaker drew a vivid 

ileged to hear a statesman who has picture of the greatest curse of civi- 

not only an orator's command of lization, namely— War. lie- showed 

language combined with a jurist's that although we are prone to boast 

clarity of argument, but who sur- that the hist one hundred and fifty 

passes both of these attributes by a years has been a period of great pro- 

certai.n tremendous earnestness and gress in the world, statesmanship 

devotion to his cause which injects has stood still, and nations to-day 

a great spiritual power into his plea are settling their differences in pre- 

and causes him to be transformed in cisely the same way that they settled 

the eyes of his fellows into a crusader them generations ago. "But," said 

with a naming sword. Such was the the judge, "though statesmanship has 

appeal of Justice Clarke. stood still, war has not stood still!" 

Snow white hair, features so clear From that remark he proceeded to 

cut and regular as to resemble the fine- show to what deadly extremes mod- 

ly chiseled countenance of a statue, era science has brought warfare and 



JUSTICE JOHN H. CLARKE 583 

I emphasized the fact that another war will never again be without a definite 

may mean annihilation. mental image of what the League 

Of the multitudes who are and have real!) means, for they heard it simply 

been glibly discussing the pros and and lucidly summed up into what the 

eons of the League of Nations, sur- speaker called "five offenses against 



" 



0) . 



A 



i .._->. .- ... - -....■'..■ i ■ - ■ . . - £ - is&M 

John H. Clarke 

prisingly few have ever read its cov- war." He showed that the first step 

enant, and fewer still have retained was the "cooling off" period of en- 

in their mind more than a fleeting im- forced waiting before a declaration of 

pression of any part of it, not exclud- war which gave the common people 

ing the famous ''Article 10." Those of the world a chance to assure them- 

who listened to Mr. Clarke, however, selves that no king or ruler was fore- 



a84 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ing them into any horrible strife for 
the sake of ambition. Other "of- 
fenses" were the clause preventing 
secret diplomacy, the industrial and 
economic boycott, Article 10, which 
he asserted could be easily safe- 
guarded for us, and the now famous 
World Court. 

The speaker then trained his guns 
upon what he termed "a noisy group 
of able and ambitious men in the 
United States Senate who are de- 
termined to place our country on the 
wrong side of the greatest moral issue 
since slavery. Take the megaphones 
from their lips/' he said, "and see how 
small they are in number as com- 
pared with the great body of Ameri- 
can citizens who favor the League." 
Tie attacked Johnson, Borah and 
Moses, referring to the fact of John- 
son's entrance to the presidential race 
on a platform of complete isolation. 
Mentioning the remark of Borah to 
the effect that if Jesus Christ, the 
Savior of the world, .should come down 
to earth, pleading for the League of 
Nations, he would still oppose it. In 
asking his hearers to write to President 
Coolidge in behalf of the World Court, 
the Judge said, "It will do no good to 
write to Senator Moses for he is too 
wrong headed upon this whole ques- 
tion to have it avail any result.'" 

At the very outset the Judge as- 
sured his hearers that as a representa- 
tive of the League of Nations Non- 
Partisan Association he should treat 
the subject in a non-partisan way. and 
throughout his speech he adhered 
strictly to that program. Lie did no1 
refrain, however, from a most scathing 
attack upon the group of "irreconcib 
ables" of both parties in the Senate, 
who, he asserted, are blocking the 
progress of the Nation, keeping our 
country from participating in "the 
greatest experiment which the world 
has ever devised for peace. The dem- 
ocratic party," asserted the Judge, 



"is tied up to the League as close!) 
as any party can possibly be bound m 
to it. Their leaders are trying to 
avoid it but they will not avoid it." 

due Judge maintained that the Re- 
publican party is nearly as closei) 
identified with the League as are their 
opponents. He spoke of the fact thai 
Theodore Roosevelt in Ins last writ- 
ten worlc which appeared in the Kan- 
sas City Star after his death, pleaded 
for a League of Nations, that ex-Presi- 
dent Taft characterized the World 
Court, as the greatest step in progress 
of modern times, that President 
Harding was pleading' for the World 
Court in his last message to the Amer- 
ican people and that Calvin Coolidge 
has stated that President Harding's 
policies are his policies. "Thus," said 
the Judge, "four Republican presidents 
are on record in favor of the World 
Court if not the entire League." 

The sum and substance of the en- 
tire argument la}' in the assertion that 
the League of Nations is the world's 
great experiment to find an antidote 
for war, that failure in the League is 
not unlikely, but that failure out of 
the League is certain. The attention 
of the hearers was called to the fact 
that we are living in expectation of 
another conflict; that President Hard- 
ing in his last message to Congress 
called for an analysis of our national 
resources for defense in the "next 
war;" that Secretary Denby is insist- 
ing upon an efficient navy for safety 
in the "next war;" that Secretary 
Weeks deplores the weakness of our 
army because he foresees the next 
war. "Thus," maintained the Judge. 
"if we are drifting into an inevitable 
conflict of death and destruction in 
the future, if fifty-four nations of the 
world are engaged in a concerted at- 
tempt to avoid it, let us as American 
citizens leave no stone unturned to 
see that numbered among them shall be 
the United States of America." 



SHALL -THE LITTLE WHITE 
SCHOOLHOUSE" GO? 



sss 



Considerable clash of opinion has been heard throughout the slate between- those 
who desire to consolidate trie rural schools and those who still cling to the old-fash- 
ioned one-room district school As the second in its series of controversies the GRAN- 
ITE MONTHLY has selected this question. 'Mr. William H." Buker, Superintendent 
of Schools, Rochester, X. IL, and one of the rising young educators of the state, has 
presented the case tor the consolidated school. Mrs. Rose Barker of Nelson, N". IL, 
a former school teacher of many years' experience, and much interested in the cause 
oi rural education, pleads for the preservation of the district school. 






Consolidated School, Greenland, N. H. 

The Reasons For Consolidation 
By William H. Buker 

"The greatest factor in any school is the teacher ...... Rural teachers have 

their eyes turned toward the graded school" 



flflHE movement toward consolidation 
of schools has experienced rapid 
growth in many sections of the 
country in the last decade and a halt. 
In New England we have seen some 
progress made toward consolidation. 
At the beginning of this article 
the writer wishes the reader to 
understand thai complete consolidation 
can not be attained in many sections of 
the country due to the climate and' physi- 
cal features. 

In New Hampshire probably 20% of 
the rural schools might be closed and 
the pupils transported to larger centers 
resulting both in an economic, and edu- 
cational advantage. Schools with less 
than \2 to 15 pupils are not large enough 
to give their members the civic and so- 



cial training now necessary and given in 
the larger centers. 

The average one-roorn building in 
which pupils are housed has very little 
equipment; the rural teacher*, j'^resent 
the most inexperienced, the least ade- 
quately trained, and the community sup- 
port of the school is usually less en- 
thusiastic than that of the village and 
graded school. The one-room school 
has great possibilities of development 
but thinking of the country as a whole 
much wise legislation must be accom- 
plished before rural pupils are given 
equal educational advantages to those 
of urban children. 

In cities of 8000 and over, 75% of the 
elementary teachers are normal school 
graduates and 10% have received one 



SiSb 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



year of normal school or college training, 
while in one-room schools we find only 
45/c of the teachers have graduated from 
high schools and less than 4% are normal 
school graduates. One can easily see 
tint this is a very important factor in 
bringing about an efficient school. 

The greatest factor in an) school is 
the teacher. The characteristics that 
make an efficient teacher are (1) natu- 
ral ability, (2) academic and profession- 
al training, (3) an opportunity to have 
close supervision. In many sections of 
the country the last two of these factors 
are lacking. 

Rural teachers have their eyes turned 
toward the graded school. In the 
thirteen years experience as principal 
and superintendent in New Hampshire 
1 have found but two teachers who have 
declined village or city positions to that 
of the one-room school. 

A stud}' recently made in a state nor- 
mal school showed that while 70% of the 
pupils received their training in rural 
schools more than 75% intended to teach 
in villages and cities. Here in New 
Hampshire superintendents of rural sec- 
tions are able to get but a small percent 
of the normal graduates for the one- 
room schools. 

Pupils were tested in reading, arithmetic, 
language, spelling and writing. The re- 
sults were in. favor of the consolidated 
schools. 

(1) Its holding power is greater than 
that of the one-teacher schools in the up- 
per grades. 

(2) There is a significant difference in 
the grade-achievement. 

(3) When changed into yearly pr.og- 
gress the grade-achievement differences 
range from 18% to 40% with a median 
difference of 27%. 

(4) The subject-achievement differ- 
ences range from 10% to 44% with a me- 
dian difference of 27.3%. The greatest 
difference is in the rate of handwriting. 

(5) The age-achievement is favorable 
to the consolidated school. 



As this study was made for the pur- 
pose of getting facts and not for any 
other reason it seems to the writer th<u 
this is one of the strongest arguments 
for the consolidated school when the 
climate and physical features of a state 
will permit. 

No school is efficient unless it serves 
as a community center. School build- 
ings should be used for all kinds of legi- 
timate community meetings, such as 
farmers' institutes, community clubs, pa- 
rent-teacher associations, Sunday school 
conventions, school socials, school plays, 
lecture courses, boys' and girls' clubs, 
and community agents' meetings. Cer- 
tainly these meetings are not now being 
held very often in the one-room schools 
inn we find man}' such organizations ex- 
isting in the consolidated schools in the 
middle west. 

One of the arguments advanced a- 
gainst consolidation is transportation. 
It is said that many hardships are 
brought about by having pupils walk a 
mile and then ride two or three miles. 
In New Jersey 100 children were asked 
to write on consolidation and particular- 
ly transportation. Each of these pupils 
had attended a district school. Ninety- 
nine percent preferred the consolidated 
school and the one who objected said she- 
drove her own team. Personally I 
should not request pupils to walk any of 
the distance (beyond two miles) but 
would request teams to call at the homes. 

In many sections school districts own 
vehicles. This has its advantages. 
These are covered and can be heated 
during the winter months. Here in 
New England we have not made such 
progress. 

The curriculum of the consolidated 
school is richer and more practical than 
that of the one-room school. Music, 
physical education, drawing, civics, wood 
working, and domestic science are es- 
sential today. We have tried to teach 
many of these subjects in the rural 
school but have failed. 

To summarize: 



SHALL THE "LITTLE WHITE SCHOOLHOUSE" GO? 



587 



(1) The consolidated school has more in the one-room school district. 

efficient instruction. ,n mm . , • ,, 

(5) I lie transportation problem is not 

(2) The percent of attendance in the a serious one. 

consolidated school is higher. **\ ,- r ? • , , , , 

\p) Consolidation should not he em- 

( 3 ) ] ne curricula is richer. ph&sized when climate and physical con- 

(4) Community activities are lacking ditions will not permit. 



A \ • 






n 









Old White Schoolhouse, Center Harbor, N. H. 

A Plea For the District School 
By Mrs. Rose Barker 

"Our country schoolhouse like tin country church stands as the breeding 
place of real morale and backbone of Neiv Hampshire. Let us preserve them," 



I71DCCATION is a subject which 
|P i everyone seems ready to attack 
with temerity. The average lay- 
man will listen to the advice of a doctor 
in matters pertaining to health or to a 
lawyer in matters pertaining; to legal 
litigation, but steadfastly maintains that 
he is as qualified to he an authority in 
educational matters as any school official 
who has had the advantage of years of 
special training and preparation for 
work in that particular line. The writer 
of this article realizes this ignorance in 
regard to educational methods and all 
other points in the technique of learn- 
ing. Nevertheless, as a citizen of New 
Hampshire, he ventures to raise his 
voice in behalf of one of the state's old- 
est, most productive, and most sacred 
institutions— -the district school. 

It has seemed to be the consensus of 



opinion on the part of school officials 
that the rural one-room school house 
should give place to the consolidated 
''village school," and although the State 
Board of Education has never officially 
admitted that to be its policy, the trend 
of the last few years has been, in that 
direction. The reasons which are usual- 
ly given for this transition are the diffi- 
culty of obtaining trained teachers 
for the country schools, the lack of uni- 
formity which characterizes the work 
in these scattered institutions, and the 
possibility of affording better equip- 
ment and a fuller curriculum in consoli- 
dated schools. 

From the standpoint of a pupil there- 
arc certain disadvantages of the consoli- 
dated school which in the opinion of 
some might counterbalance its good 
qualities. The prospect of transporting 



588 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



school children over the hilly roads of 
rural New Hampshire, amid the rigors 
of a Northern New England winter does 
not always appeal to parents who are 
interested in the 1 health of their children. 
in many eases the town transports the 
children only a portion of the distance, 
which means that they have a long walk- 
to and from school and a eold luncheon 
at noontime. 

From an educational standpoint it is 
still a matter of considerable doubt as to 
whether the complete equipment and di- 
verse curriculum are real essentials in 
the Grammar School period. To he 
sure, they are in a sense a sign of the 
times. Sometimes as we watch a 
long' line of workmen at the factory 
bench-, each tending a single machine, 
dropping in a bolt, or sliding in a hit of 
leather, every moment through the long 
hours of the day we think with some 
regret of the days when individual work- 
men fashioned their product painstak- 
ingly by hand, each with a pride in his 
workmanship and a skilful deftness of 
touch acquired from a long apprentice- 
ship under some old master. With al- 
most the same feeling we see a long line 
of school children lockstepping into a 
city school house to the tune of a vic- 
trola, watched over by a corps of teach- 
ers and then turn our thoughts back 
to the little white school house at the 
corners where from one to two dozen 
pupils labored under the direction of a 
less trained teacher. But where the 
more eager learners and stronger per- 
sonalities blossomed out and unrestrained 
by the complicated mechanism of .ma- 
chine edueati m were allowed to delve 
away more or less according to their 
own ideas and lay the foundations of 
ambitions which produce great lives. 
in the Keerte High School as in many 
other cities the number of valedictorians 
who prepared in the district school is 
greatly in excess of the number which 
would be proportionate to the' country 
students studying in the institution. 
The fact that Daniel Webster or Lewis 
Cass or Horace Greeley felt the first 



impetus of ambition in the persona] con- 
tacts of the country school house does 
not, of course, necessaril) mean that we 
should turn our back's upon progress 

but. it does in the light of some of our 
leadership to-day lead us to wonder if 
we are not getting too many machine 
ma.de articles. So much, from the point 
of view of the pupil. 

There is one fact which seems to be 
ignored by many of our educators to-day 
and that is the fact that our schools 
should affect not only the children who 
study within them but, like the church, 
should affect the entire community. 
The district school house has for gen- 
erations been the real community center 
of the New Hampshire farming districts. 
Many a man in prominent life to-day 
can remember "seeing Nellie Homt-" 
from the old singing school; the Hal- 
lowe'en or Christmas party, or even the 
prayer meeting held in the little white 
school house at the corners. Many a 
politician or public lecturer can tell you 
of some of the best efforts of his life de- 
livered to intelligent audiences seated 
about the initial carved desks of the fa- 
miliar room. Rob the hack country dis- 
tricts of their heart and core, compel 
the farmer to send his children through 
the cold and sleet for miles to the nearest 
town, and the result will be more de- 
serted farms and foreign settlements 
where once stalwart intelligent New 
Hampshire farmers reared their sons 
and daughters to carry on in the state. 

In the last Legislature Herbert N. 
Sawyer. Master of the State Grange, 
and George Putnam of the Farm Bu- 
reau sponsored a bill providing for an 
additional scholarship in our normal 
schools for those students who will 
spend their hrst two years after gradu- 
ation teaching in the one-room district 
schools. Is not some step in this di- 
rection well worth while ? Our country 
school house like the country church 
stands as the breeding place of the real 
morale and backbone of New Hamp- 
shire. Let us preserve them. 



PUBLIC EDUCATION 



£*? 



By Huntley N. Si 
New Hampshire Stale 

"W N t hi s d a y of spec i a 1 i z a 1 1 c >n it m a y 
I be considered presumptuous for a 
. man who has spent {he greater pari 
of his life in tire manufacturing busi- 
ness, to contribute to the Granite 
Monthly an article on education. 
As chairman of the State Board of 
Education it Iras been my privilege to 
listen to the ideas of education 
through our system of public schools 
as expressed 
by men who 
have given a 
1 i f e t i m e o f 
study to this 
interesting and 
vitally import- 
ant phase of 
our public life. 
I have con- 
s u 1 1 e d text- 
books a n d 
treatises o n 
education. In. 
this w a y I 
have become 
acquai n t e d 
with the wide- 
1 y diverging 
views of the 
e d neat io n a 1 
specialists up- 
on the techni- 
cal 'aspects of 
the subject. 
F r o m these 
opinions which 
1 have con- 
s til t e d and 
from my ex- 
perience as State Chairman 
drawn a number of conclusions — con- 
clusions that would naturally be ar- 
rived at by a man who by reason of 
his business training could see the 
practical side of the public school 
system and appreciate most the prac- 
tical benefits that we as a nation 
should derive from it. 



AULDING, Chili)-}}! Oil 

Board of Education 




And now that 1 have explained the 
humble manner in which I shall ap- 
proach this most important subject it 
is possible that those who would ac- 
cuse me of being presumptuous will 
withhold the accusation. 

As we study the history of Educa- 
tion we are impressed with the fact 
that from the very beginning the pub- 
lic school system has been developed 

in answer to 
very definite 
p u b 1 i c de- 
mands. It has 
been molded 
with the dif- 
ferent epochs 
of our coun- 
try's his tor)' 
to suit the 
particular needs 
of each histor- 
ical period. In 
the evolution 
of the public 
school system 
the thought of 
the individ- 
ual's welfare 
has been al- 
ways subor- 
dinate to the 
though t of 
c o m m unit y 
welfare. It is 
qu est ion able 
whether t h e 
present d a y 
tendency i s 
not too much 
in the other direction ; that is, are we 
not in this critical epoch paying too 
little attention to the use of our pub- 
lic educational facilities in the inter- 
est, of the community as a whole. 

In all' of our history as a nation 
there has been no period when the 
public school system has been so vi- 
tally necessary to our national wel- 



590 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



fare as it is at present. En fact we 
might face desolation as aeute as that 
which Russia has experienced were it 
not for the opportunity afforded by the 
public school system to awaken our na- 
tional consciousness which seems for 
the moment to slumber. There is hope 
for the solution of many pressing na- 
tional problems, through the process of 
education which must necessarily begin 
in our public schools. 

Inc. Pilgrims came to America to se- 
cure religious freedom. They believed 
that salvation was to be obtained through 
individual responsibility rather than 
through the collective responsibility of 
the church. This belief lead the Pil- 
grim fathers to teach their children to 
read so that they might prepare them- 
selves for salvation by studying the 
Bible. 

In 1642 .Massachusetts appointed a 
commission to inquire whether parents 
were properly teaching their children to 
read, and in 1647 the Bay State passed 
a law obliging every town having fifty 
householders to appoint a teacher of 
reading and writing. Thus was the 
idea of the public school system inau- 
gurated in our country at a time when 
the state was a servant of the church 
and the motive was one of religion. Pi 
can be seen that at this early date the 
idea became prevalent that the best in- 
terests of the state required that the 
children be educated. 

This concept ion of education contin- 
ued nearly until the time of the Revolu- 
tion. Soon after our constitution was 
adopted the people began to appreciate 
that there were other motives for gen- 
eral education than the one which con- 
cerned religion. There was a growing 
understanding of the fact that the union 
of states could not survive unless the 
children were educated to perform 
properly their functions as citizens of 
the new Republic. 

At that time there, were a few out- 
standing leaders who realized the far 
reaching effect which the education of 



youth would have upon the future his- 
tory of the. United States. In 1/96, in 
his farewell address to the American 
people, George Washington spoke of the 
great necessity of properly educating 
the future generations, John Jay, the 
first Chief Justice of the United States 
wrote: "I consider knowledge to be the 
soul of a Republic and as the weak and, 
the. wicked are generally- in alliance, as 
much care should be. taken to diminish 
tire number of the former as of the latter. 
Education is the way to do tins and 
nothing should be left undone to afford 
all ranks of people the means of obtain- 
ing a proper degree of it at a cheap and 
easy rate." James Madison, the fourth 
President of the United States, wrote: 
"a popular government without proper 
information or the means of acquiring 
it is but a prologue to a farce or a 
tragedy." 

So the religious and formative epochs 
were passed and about 1820 the United 
States felt the urge of its first educa- 
tional consciousness. This was the be- 
ginning of what we may consider as 
the national epoch. People first began 
to move toward cities and centers of 
population. Suffrage became general 
and there arose questions of great politi- 
cal significance. As Abraham Lincoln 
expressed it, the need of training our 
youth "to appreciate the value of the 
free institutions" became of great im- 
portance. 

Since the time of Lincoln many new- 
conditions have arisen in the life of 
America. When the Civil War began 
the largest percentage of our population 
was found in rural communities. There 
was very little inter-communication, one 
community with another. We had no 
international questions to settle. To- 
day a great many more people live in 
cities than in the rural districts. The 
various new methods of communication 
which science has evolved have anni- 
hilated both space and time. We are a 
part of the community of nations 
whether we like it or not. 



PUBLIC EDUCATION 



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the United States. The old idea that all 
that was necessary for proper education 
was knowledge of the fundamentals has 
been supplanted by the idea that we 
must have more complete knowledge oi 
a variety ol additional subjects in order 
to function properly in our complex so- 
ciety. 

We must look to the public school 
system of the United States to evolve 
the final solution of nearly all of the 
great national problem- which confront 
us today. In this regard three prob- 
lems stand out prominently — the first, 
immigration; the second concerns .the 
apparently decreasing respect which our 
citizens have for law and order ; and 
the third has to do with political condi- 
tions. 

Man)" centers of population are made 
tip of a large majority of foreign born 
citizens or citizens of foreign born 
parentage. They must be properly as- 
similated into our national life. The 
children of foreign born parents who 
are educated in our public schools must 
learn of the principles which have en- 
abled this Republic to endure, and 
should be taught to assume that place 
in society which will make of them 
good and loyal citizens. The public 
schools must be the principal means to 
accomplish this result. 

We have evidence on every hand of 
a growing disrespect for the law. It 
may be that American homes to-day are 
neglectful in teaching the principles of 
obedience and discipline to children. If 
this is so then the public schools should 
not fail to respond in such a manner as 
to instill into the growing youth of 
America ideas of discipline and restraint 
so that when they reach a mature age it 
will not lie difficult to look with respect 
upon the laws of state and nation. 

In studying the political conditions of 
to-day one is impressed with the fact 



that comparatively few people look up- 
on their righ( of franchise with serious- 
ness. It really appears that polities are 
"a game" to be indulged in by a com- 
paratively few citizens, for the most 
part self-interested- instead of a great 
national movement participated in by the 
whole electorate for the purpose of ele- 
vating to the high offices within the gift 
of the people only -those citizens best 
suited to serve. Isn't it necessary to- 
day to mold our public schools so care- 
fully as to impress thoroughly upon the 
pupils the sacredness and importance of 
the ballot? 

In general it will be seen that the 
public school system has been the in- 
strumentality through which certain 
definite principles have been inculcated 
into the different epochs of our na- 
tional life. The question may now be 
properly asked, are the public schools 
of to-day meeting the crying need that 
exists for training our youth not only 
to assume the duties and obligations of 
citizenship, but training them in such 
a manner as to solve eventually prob- 
lems of our social, political and economic 
life, such as those referred to above. 

That national ideals can be influenced 
by public education is evidenced by the 
history of German)- before the Great 
War. At that time the "might makes 
right" theory was so thoroughly impress- 
ed upon the people through the agency 
of the school system that all Germany 
heeded the call of a few unprincipled 
leaders and nearly plunged civilization 
into the abyss of destruction. It must 
be admitted, however, that thus was 
much easier to accomplish in an auto- 
cracy, such as existed in German)' at 
that time, than in a representative gov- 
ernment like our own. Before the war 
German rulers were able not only to 
select teachers but to prescribe the sub- 
jects to be taught and the manner of 
teaching them. 

Under our representative form of 
government the whole school system 
must be influenced by a preponderance 
of public opinion. Our public schools 



592 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



are molded to the needs of an average 
citizen and they can be no further ad- 
vanced than the composite ideas of the 
community in which they are managed 

and supported. 

Everyone can appreciate the difference 
between the ideas of that group which 
feels that the tendency should be only 
the development pi the individual asi 
contrasted with the ideas of another 
group which believes only in the devel- 
opment of community and national in- 
terests through the agency of the public 
school' system. We hear much about 
self-expression and individualism and 
while we appreciate that the tendency 
of collective thought carried to its ex- 
treme might stifle individual initiative, 
yet the idea as expressed by some that 
the individual is all important is equally 
bad. 

There is evidence of a growing idea 
that education for the sake of the in- 
dividual is supplanting the idea of our 
forefathers' that the main reason for 
education is the welfare of the com- 
munity and the life of the nation. How 
to co-ordinate the many phases of public 
education so that the welfare of the in- 
dividual and the welfare of the com- 
munity will both be served in exactly 
the right proportion is the greatest pro- 
blem which confronts educators to-day. 

In carrying out this idea that th'e 
principal justification for the public 
school system is the welfare of the com- 
munity at- large, the theory that the unit 
of education shall be the State has be- 
come generally accepted. 

New Hampshire first recognized this 
theory in 1919 when our legislature 
passed a law which co-ordinated the 
various local school systems of the State 
into one unified organization headed by 
the State Board of Education. This 
law was amended two years afterwards 
and with one slight modification the Ed- 
ucational Law of 1921 is the one we are 
now working under. 

In the United States to-day some- 
thing over one billion dollars is appro- 
priated each year for public education. 



in our state the annual expenditure foi 
this purpose is something over live mil- 
lions dollars. These are huge sums and 
it is not without reason that people ask 
if we as a nation and state are justified 
in spending these amounts annually to 
educate our children. But if it is true 
that the public school system is the foun- 
dation of our Republic and upon it de- 
pends the solution of many present day 
national problems there can lie but one 
answer to the query. The real question 
that remains to be answered is whether 
we are securing full value for every 
dollar we spend of the public funds for 
educational purposes. 

It lias been the aim of the New Hamp- 
shire State Board of Education to make 
even' appropriated dollar do a maxi- 
mum amount of good. There are only 
four northern states where the average 
co^t of education per child is less than 
in New Hampshire. The average cost 
per child for all of the northern states 
is approximately ninety dollars per year, 
and in our state just over seventy dol- 
lars. In one city of a neighboring state 
this figure has reached one hundred and 
thirty-eight dollars. 

It is perhaps with pardonable pride 
that the State Board of Education points 
to the fact that chose qualified to judge- 
say that our state has made as rapid 
progress in educational affairs during 
recent years as any state in the Union. 
In fact there are experts along educa- 
tional lines who feel that New Hamp- 
shire has made greater progress during 
recent years than any of her sister states. 

Our present educational law provides 
that there shall be a board of education 
composed of five citizens serving with- 
out compensation, only three of whom 
can be of any one political party. These 
citizens cannot be technical educators, 
and they have the same direction and 
supervision over the school system as 
the directors have over a business cor- 
poration, except as their powers are 
limited by law. The State Commis- 
sioner of Education and his assistants, 
all of them qualified experts, are ap- 



PUBLIC ETjUCATIOK 






poiiitexi by the State Board to carry out 
its pcilicies with regard to school admini- 
stration and to act as technical advisors. 

The manner in which state boards of 
education are made up varies very ma- 
terially throughout the United States. 
For example in many states the legisla- 
ture prescribes who shall constitute the 
State Board of Education. In some 
cases it expressly provides that this 
board shall consist of educators. In 
Virginia, for instance, the hoard is made 
up of a Superintendent, the President 
of the State. College and the States At- 
torney General. So it will be >ccn that 
the legislature of New Hampshire di- 
verged from the established custom 
when it decided that New Hampshire's 
State Board of Education should be 
made up of practical men and women 
rather than technical educators. 

The directors of a large business cor- 
poration lay out the general policy and 
leave the execution of this policy to 
people chosen for this purpose. So the 
present State Board formulates the edu- 
cational policy to he carried out in so 
far as it is consistent with the law, and 
leaves the execution of this policy to 
the different local school boards. 

These local school boards receive their 
authority not from the State Board of 
Education, but from the people through 
the legislature — from the same source 
that the State Board of Edueation re- 
ceives its authority. 1 he State Board 
of Education, the Commissioner and his 
assistants are directing heads to aid the 
local school boards in carrying out the 
obligations which these hoards have as- 
sumed. The policy of the present State 
Board is to decentralize authority in so 
far as it is possible to do so, and the 
real management of New Hampshire 
schools is in the hands of the local school 
boards. We cannot impose good schools 
upon an unwilling community. We 
must have the interest of local school 
boards and we can only have- this in- 
terest by making these boards feel the 
great responsibility which they have as- 
sumed as the direct representatives of 



the people who elected them. 

There are about nine hundred mem- 
bers o'i loeal school boards in the Si ate 
of . New Hampshire. The.se school 
hoards have much power and their res- 
ponsibility is great for the present law 
provides that: the different school boards 
shall decide what they wish to have 
taught in their schools. The State 
Board of Education recommends courses 
of study to the different school boards, 
but it is for the local hoards to decide 
whether they will accept these courses 
of study or not. The school boards 
nominate their Superintendents. To be 
sure the state hires them but it can be 
assumed that an organization which has 
the decision as to who shall represent 
it would have charge of that representa- 
tives^ operations. 

There seems to be a misunderstanding 
in some parts of the state in regard to 
the relation of the Superintendent to 
the various school boards'. It has been 
suggested that the Superintendent is 
sort of a superior officer of the local 
board. This is a wrong interpretation 
of the law. "While it is expected that 
the Superintendent would have great in- 
fluence with the local school board and 
that the local board would be willing to 
consider the Superintendent's sugges- 
tions, it is nevertheless wholly the busi- 
ness of the local boards to determine 
exactly how they shall run their schools 
as long as they comply with the require- 
ments of the law. The State Board of 
Education will rarely interfere with the 
management of school boards and never 
when they are carrying out the obliga- 
tions which they have assumed. 

The law of 1921 with relation to the 
salaries of the Superintendents provides 
that the limit of the liability of the state 
in the case of each Superintendent 
should be two thousand dollars, and any- 
thing in excess of this amount is paid 
by the loeal communities. 

The state is divided into different dis- 
tricts and sixty-eight superintendents are 
employed in these districts. These 
Superintendents must have a college ed- 



594 



THE GK 



TE MONTHLY 



tain 



tit 



neat imi. must have 
years, and are oblige 
rigid examination. Ti 

feeling in some sections of th< 
that the matter of supervision is 



i , e 

pass - a very 

e has been a 

slate 
ins: 



carried, too far. Apparently tins is not 
a just criticism. It certainly would he 
an idea! condition if all teachers in pub* 
lic schools could reach the high standard 
that is required of Superintendents. This 
is impossible owing to the expense it 
would involve and the inability to 
get the necessary number of such highly 
competent teachers. However we more 
nearly approach this ideal condition un- 
der our present system than would he 
possible in any other way. A good 
Superintendent may increase in many 
instances the efficiency of a teacher by 
nearly twenty-five percent. Think for 
a moment, v. hat an advantage it is for 
an inexperienced young teacher located 
in an outlying- district with her little 
flock of from fifteen to twenty pupils, 
to have an opportunity to consult with 
a Superintendent of ability and experi- 
ence. His advice concerning her dif- 
ferent problems is most helpful. 

We are spending about two hundred 
thousand dollars yearly for the salaries 
of Superintendents. The valuation of 
property in this state amounts to six 
hundred and seventy-five million dollars, 
so we are spending for Superintendents 
less than one-thirtieth of one percent 
each year of the state's valuation and 
only four percent of the entire amount 
expended for public schools. 

New Hampshire's present investment 
iii school property is valued at about 



twelve million 



and there 

• D 



are 
seventy thousand pupils in our public 
schools. The educational law provides 
that each community must raise three 
dollars and fifty cents on each thousand 
dollars of the equalized valuation of 
that community for these public schools. 
If any community finds that five dollars 
on each thousand is not sufficient to 
maintain a standard elementary school, 
that community may call for state aid 
to make up the amount that is required. 



Tliis additional money is paid out of 
the state's equalization fund an'appro- 
priatioi] which totaled three hundred and 
forty thousand dollars in 1923. Per- 
haps some may have mental reservations 
as to the justice of compelling some com- 
munities to help out other less fortunate 
communities in the matter of raising 
additional school funds. Owing to the 
present complicated nature of society 
which makes communities depend on 
each other in many ways, this equaliza- 
tion feature of our state law is consider- 
ed just and right. 

Another feature of our state educa- 
tional system is the normal school. 
Tliese are of major importance because 
upon them hinge the proper training of 
the teachers who are what might be 
termed "the finger tips" of the educa- 
tional organization. There are other 
features of our state law which space 
limitations make it impossible to men- 
tion in this brief summary of our public 
school system. 

That New Hampshire is keeping pace 
with the present day trend of educational 
advances is evident by the equalization 
feature of its present educational law, 
a feature which makes it possible for 
the child in remote rural districts to re- 
ceive as nearly as circumstances will 
permit the same thorough education 
that the children in our cities enjoy. 

There is great need to-day for intelli- 
gent interest in the public schools of 
cmr state and of the nation. Those in 
charge of our educational destinies must 
chart a careful course in order to be 
certain that coming generations are 
taught those principles which are ot 
paramount importance if we are to solve 
the tremendous problems which con- 
front us, keeping in mind the fact that 
the welfare of the individual must be 
looked after and in exactly the right 
proportion. To he successful in this 
tremendous task we must have the 
hearty" co-operation of every right 
flunking man and woman in America, 
so that the sum total of human happi- 
ness in the world may be increased. 



. 






OWN YOUR HOME! 

By Chari.es Sumner Bird 



51* 



Do you realize that in our State 49 .2 or almost one-half of all the 

homes are rented? 

Own your home, how and why, is the subject of this article written by 
one of New England's leadirig: manufacturers. 



TTT has been said that the American 
I! people are becoming a tenant class — 

it 

home renters, rather than home: earn- 
ers. This seems to be true, especially of 
the industrial wage earners, who above 
any other class, need the stimulus which 
comes from an inborn love of a home 
of one's own. 

There is no human desire more in- 
grained in the worth while individual 
than the longing for a lot of land, how- 
ever small, which is one's own. Teased 
land, or a rented house, is not a real 
home ; in fact at the best it is a make- 
shift — merely a place in which to eat 




A Home in 1919. 

and sleep. Furthermore, as I see it, 
home owning is essential to a sound 
civilization; in fact the safety, yes the 
existence of our Republic, rests to a 
considerable degree upon home owner- 
ship — land and house owned by the 
occupant and not by a landlord. A man 
without a home of his own is not much 
better than a man without a country. 
I would paint, or chisel; on the en- 
trance gate to every city and town of 
America — 

BE YOUR OWN LANDLORD! 

PAY RENT TO YOURSELF AND 

NOT TO THE OTHER MAN! 

No family develops a deep interest in 
beautifying or cultivating property be- 



longing to another. The possession of 
land paid for by the sweat of one's 
brow, is the great incentive, the impell- 
ing force of land cultivation and home 
betterment. 

Then, too, the ownership of a home 
affects, vitally, the cost of living. I 
talked to a workman who some years 
ago purchased one acre of land and 
built a house, which to-day the family 
owns free of debt. "Carl," I said, "do 
you raise vegetables?" "Yes," he re- 
plied, "enough for my family of five, also 
last year T sold to the local storekeeper 
fruits and vegetables for which he paid 



■ ' 




• ft;- 


c^y ,.* 


i\ 


&V: 











As It Looks To-day. 

me $75 in cash. I figure that my garden 
adds to my yearly family income not 
less than $300, and the cost is very 
little." "Who did the work?" I asked. 
"My boys, and no one else," he replied. 
"It is their job and it comes before play. 
Sometimes they grumble but the work is 
good for them." Yes, I thought, good 
for their bodies and good for their souls. 
I do not believe that there are many 
industrial workers in New Hampshire 
who, barring the accident of illness, can- 
not, by thrift and foresight, save enough 
from their earnings to start a home, 
financed by a bank, of by a co-operative 
financial institution. He may have to 
be-on in a small way so that Ins monthly 
payments will not be much, if an}' more, 



596 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



than the rental he would have to pay for 
a hired home; in fact it costs Iktle more 
to pay for a home on the co-operative 
monthly installment plan, than it d-vs to 
pay rental, year after after, to find one's 
self at the end of life living in a house 
owned by a landlord. There are, in 
fact, thousand of families in New 
Hampshire, and even more in New Eng- 
land, who have paid in rental twice the 
cost of the house in which they have 
lived for a generation or more and no 
better off at the end of life than when 
they started. 

The will to do., the stern determination 
to have a home of your own, is the de- 
ciding factor. I know a young man 
who resolved that, come what would, 
he would own a shelter of some kind 
for his growing family. No more rental 
for me. he said. However humble the 
home might he he would have one. First 
he purchased a piece of land one mile 
from the Post Office. Then he obtain- 
ed second-hand lumber out of which he 
constructed, by working overtime, a one 
room shelter. Little by little, as his 
family grew, he added to the house un- 
til at last he had built, by grit and sweat, 
a plain but attractive house, the picture 
of which is given here. lie was poor 
while he lived in a rented house and to- 
day he is made rich by living in a house 
of his own. This man was not a car- 
penter, but he had the will to do and he 
did it himself. It was, in fact, a joy to 
him to put so much of his time into the 
building of his house. As he expressed 
it— "The more of yourself you put into 
it the more it will mean to you." 

Of course a poor man, in order to 
own his home, must sacrifice many of 
the so-called luxuries during the early 
years of his married life, until the house 
is, in part, paid for, but, as 1 see it, ex- 
treme sacrifice is worth while in the 
satisfaction of living in a house of your 
own, each nail of which represents hard 
and earnest endeavor of the entire family 
unit. 

It is true many of us must start in a, 
humble way, as this man did, so that 



the early payments may not be a greater 
burden than can he home without a 
breakdown " and the consequent loss oi 

the home. In starting a home necessi- 
ties should come first and luxuries later. 

An automobile, for instance, is by no 
means a necessity and should come after 
and not before, the home. Do you 
realize that the cost of operating and 

maintaining even the lowest priced auto- 
mobile represents a sum of money 
which, if saved for say a period of 10 
years, would build a home, or a sum, 
which if paid in monthly installments to 
a co-operative building institution, would 
pay for your home early in your life? 
Is not. the ownership of a home more 
important to family welfare and happi- 
ness than the ownership of an auto- 
mobile? A furnace is desirable but 
that, too, is not absolutely necessary. 
Practically 60% of the families of that 
wonderful country, Canada, have not 
even seen a furnace and yet they live. 
with stoves alone, comfortably and hap- 
pily, in the coldest habitable climate of 
tin's Continent. Even a bath tub and 
electric lights . were unknown to our 
fathers and yet they were cheerful and 
healthful — fully as much so as their sons 
are in this age of hectic and abnormal 
activities. I do not belittle the advan- 
tage of having all of these modern con- 
veniences and luxuries, but why not de- 
lay until at least the home has been, 
in part, paid for. 

It seems to me that there is no satis- 
faction so great as the privilege of help- 
ing a worthy and thrifty family in the 
upbuilding of a home. As I see it 
every corporation, or business concern, 
should encourage and assist its workers 
to become a home owning community 
so as to stimulate an increased interest 
in home life and too, closer participa- 
tion in the economic and social welfare 
of the city, or town, in which they live. 
Bolshevism, Communisn, I. W. W. ism 
would find poor soil in which to plant 
the poisonous seed if home owning, 
rather than home renting, were the pre- 
vailing? custom of American life. 



THE COUNTY FARM BUREAU AND ITS WORK 

The County Agents 



By II. Si 

flHE County Farm Bureau is prima- 
rily an organization through which 
Extension, work in Agriculture and 
home economics is done. Extension 
work brings to the farmer on the farm, 
and the farmer's wife in the farm home, 
and the boys and 



girls of these 
homes the most ef- 
ficient practices 
and methods of 
farming- and home- 
making. 

Every County 
in New Hampshire 
has a Farm Bu- 
reau, and these 
Farm Bureaus 

work in practically 
every community 
in the State. 

The first County 
Farm Bureau was 
organized in Sulli- 
van County in 
1913, and the sec- 
ond in 1914 in 
Cheshire County. 
Belknap. Coos and 
Merrimack in 
1915; Grafton, 
Rockingham and 
Hillsborough i n 
1916, and Straf- 
ford, and Carroll in 
1917. 

Each County 
Farm Bureau is 
governed by officers and an executive 
committee elected by the farmer mem- 
bers annually, and the program in each 
town is looked after by a community 
chairman or local director. 

Each Count}' Farm Bureau hi co-op- 
eration with the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and the Extension 
Department of the University of New 



"Doctor Sawbones, are you 
'keeping up with your profes- 
sion?' " 

"Of course, I am," replies 
the doctor, "a physician's 
training never ceases, for the 
medical profession is moving 
forward and compels each 
practitioner to move with it 
by means of medical journals, 
societies and clinics." 

"Perhaps }- , ou are not aware, 
Doctor, that farming is as old 
and dignified a profession as 
yours and that it is equally 
progressive. A never-ending 
education in the science of 
agriculture is necessary for 
the farmer's success. 

If you didn't know this, 
read about the work of the 
Farm Bureau as related by HA 
Styles Bridges." 



:.i-.s Bridges 

Hampshire employs from one to four 
agents called, to designate their posi- 
tions, County Agricultural Agent, Home 
Demonstration Agent, and Boys' and 
Girls' Club Agent. New Hampshire is 
fortunate in' having a very able staff of 
county workers, a 
staff that compares 
favorably with any 
in the country. 
Each agent must 
be an expert and 
an executive of the 
highest order. The 
old saying that "a 
jack-of-all-trades is 
a master of none" 
is not supposed to 
hold true with these 
agents. For ex- 
ample, the County 
Agricultural Agent 
must be, first of 
all, a trained man 
along agricultural 
lines, and a leader 
of men. He is ex- 
pected to be an ex- 
pert on dairying, 
poultry, sheep, 
swine, horses, beef 
cattle, orcharding, 
small fruits, soils, 
crops (including 
all crops that are 
grown in his sec- 
tion and those yet 
to. be tried out). 
He is expected to be capable of filling 
the following positions: organizer, ora- 
tor, editor, promoter, moving picture 
operator, entomologist, geologist, pathol- 
ogist, bacteriologist; and a judge of 
livestock, poultry, and crops. Of course 
when the agent needs assistance on any 
particular line, he is at liberty to call 
on specialists from the State University 



59R 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Results of a I op Dressing Demonstration. 



who are glad to co-operate in putting 
across a real constructive program along 

any particular agricultural line. 

The various county agents employed 
in each county are an important factor 
in the success or failure of the County 
Farm Bureau, in the eyes of the public. 
They are to agriculture what the teacher 
is to the school, and the pastor is to the 
church. They represent the Farm Bu- 
reau and Extension Service in teaching, 
leading and organizing the rural sections 
to the common end of better farming 
and better living and home life. 

The State of New Hampshire boasts 
of two hundred and thirty-seven (237) 
towns in which are located farms. The 
County Farm Bureaus carry their work 
into one hundred and ninety-six (196) 
towns, or eighty-three (83) per cent of 
the towns in the State. Nearly all of 
these towns have local branches of the 
Farm Bureau that are working on com- 
munity programs; programs decided up- 
on by the people of their, respective com- 
munities. 

A great deal of the educational work 
of the County Farm Bureaus is by the 
demonstration method. In 1922 over 
twenty-two hundred (2200) demonstra- 
tions were given. 

The main projects of the County Farm 
Bureaus are as listed below: 

1. Soil Improvement 

2. Crop Improvement 



3. Livestock Itn- 

provement 

4. Poultry Im- 
provement 

5. Orchard Im- 
, provement 

6. Farm Manage- 
ment 

< 7: Bovs' and Girls' 
Club Work 
S. Clothing 
9. Food and Health 
10. Home Improve- 
ment 
1 11. C o-operat i v e 
Buying and Sell- 
ing. 



The soil improvement work of the 
County Farm Bureaus is highly import- 
ant, for from the soil in reality every- 
thing living, either springs or depends 
for its existence to a smaller or larger 
degree. In New Hampshire, one of the 
biggest soil problems is acidity. Ac- 
cording to the reports of the Farm Bu- 
reaus and the Extension Service of the 
University of New Hampshire, over 
ninety-five (95) per cent of the soil of 
the State is acid. One of the main pro- 
jects of the Farm Bureaus along soil 
improvement lines is encouraging the 
use of lime on all farms to correct the 
acidity of the soil. Proof that the 
County Farm Bureaus are functioning 
in this respect is found in the fact that 
around four thousand (4,000) tons of 
lime were used by New Hampshire 
farmers last year, and a large part of 
this amount was purchased co-operative- 
ly- 

One of the outstanding features of 
the work of the Farm Bureaus during 
the past year has been the demonstration 
of the value of certified seed potatoes. 
These demonstrations showed that by 
using certified seed potatoes and plant- 
ing under the same conditions as the 
ordinary seed an average increase 
yield of seventy-one (71) bushels to the 
acre was secured. 

Stop and think a moment, and you 
will very readily see that the increased 



CO I A I ; 



: - ' w 



ITS WORK 



W 



great 

"V T 
KIM]!- 

certi- 
vield 



use of certified seed will mean a 
deal to the potato growers of 
Hampshire. In tact if all of the 
a-rs who grow potatoes Would use 

fied seed and if their increased 
equalled, ori the average, what the Farm 
Bureau demonstrations have shovvn, it 
would mean an increased revenue to the 
farmers of the State of over one million 
dollars. 

This shows conclusively that the 
County Farm Bureaus are rendering a 
real service and if the farmers only took 
advantage of the opportunities afforded 
thru the Farm Bureaus, it would be ro 
the advantage not only of the farmer, 
but the state as a whole. 

The County Farm Bureaus are play- 
ing an important part in the fruit in- 
dustry through their demonstrations in 
spraying, pruning, grafting, fertilizing, 
grading and packing. In the town of 
Franklin in Merrimack County, is an 
excellent example of what the Farm 
Bureau is doing along orchard improve- 
ment lines. Dr. E. T. Drake of Frank- 
lin owns an orchard that, tip to about 
three years" ago had never exceeded one 
hundred (100) barrels annually, and 
many years fell way below this figure. 
The orchard had been more or less 
neglected, not receiving the proper care. 
Then came the Farm Bureau, and un- 
der the direction of Roy W. Peaslee, 
Merrimack County Agent, the Drake 
Orchard has received 

proper attention for r 

the past three years, 
being. fertilized, " 
pruned, and sprayed, 
and last season Dr. 
Drake was rewarded 
with over six hun- 
dred -(600) barrels of " 
excellent fruit; an in- 
crease of over six 
hundred (600.) per 
cent in yield, and ■{ 
fruit of better quality 

and color than ever L 

before. That the 
Farm Bureau is 



functioning in orchard improvement 
work, no one can question when we hear 
of examples like the above. 

Livestock improvement is an important 
project, for the "Farm Bureau is solving 
many a dairyman's trouble and is doing 
its bit along all livestock lines. 

Hay is one of New Hampshire's 
staple crops and the Farm Bureau is 
encouraging the use of top dressing in 
the form of sulphate of ammonia, or 
nitrate of soda, 'bop dressing demon- 
strations show that the yield may be 
doubled by the use of one of the above 
mentioned chemicals. ' Ralph Jones, a 
farmer of East Concord, reports that by 
following the directions of the Farm 
-Bureau he doubled the yield of 'hay on 
the field u<i-d for the demonstration. 
\Y. E. Powers of Danbury, reports that 
by the "use of top dressing lie more than 
doubled the yield on his demonstration 
plot. 

Poultry being one of New Hamp- 
shire's most profitable lines of agricul- 
ture, was featured by many of the Farm 
Bureaus in poultry sections. Poultry 
culling demonstrations were carried on 
by every Count)' Farm Bureau in the 
State. One hundred and twenty-four 
demonstrations were held in 1922 with 
?n attendance of nearly twenty-five 
hundred persons. 

The extension projects for women 
carried on bv the Farm Bureaus are 



!>4 



: 



Hay Made, Using Hay Caps 



600 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



valuable to the women of the State. Op- 
portunities are provided for women in 
the rural communities, thai otherwise 
would never come - to the farm women 
of this State. Thar these opportunities 
are being taken advantage oi can readily 
he seen, for the great majority of farm 
women now have their own dress forms, 
more commonly known as "bettys." 
These are monuments to ike . value of 
Home Demonstration work, and will be 
found in hundreds of rural homes. 
Many a man has been saved several dol- 
lars . by his wife attending a millinery 
meeting of the County Farm Bureau 
and learning how to make her Spring 
or Fall hat, one that when finished, 
would do credit to any city milliner. One 
hundred and twenty- four (124) milli- 
nery demonstrations were held in 1922, 
which indicates their popularity. 

The food and health project of the 
Farm Bureau is important for it has 
much to do with the health of our rural 
families. In this project the value of 
balanced meads, the correction of mal- 
nutrition, and many other tilings includ- 
ing the dental clinics for children feature 
the project. 

The home improvement project in- 
cludes everything for more convenient 
and attractive homes; and many a farm 
home has been re-arranged to the con- 
venience of the house- wife at a small 
cost or made more attractive through 
following the suggestions of the Home 
Demonstration Agent. 

Boys' and Girls' club work is a story 
all by itself, and it is needless to say one 
of the brightest hopes of a future for 
the Granite State. Tlie Farm Bureau 
has recognized the fact that the boys and 
girls of to-day are the farmers and farm 
wives of the future, and thru this work 
are attempting to awaken a love for the 
farm that cannot be dulled by the seem- 
ingly alluring attractions of the city. 

Space and time do not permit the full 
story of the County Farm Bureau aud- 
its work, but thousands of New Hamp- 



shire farmers ran testify of the Farm 
Bureau's assistance to them on the farm 
and as many more farm women stand 
ready to bear evidence as to its value 
in the farm home, so this article merely 
shows a few of the many ways in which 
ih^ county Farm Bureau is functioning. 

The County Farm Bureaus are headed 
by the best farmers in the various coun- 
ties ; men who are respected, who are 
progressive, and well thought of ; men 
who sacrifice their own time and effort 
to help promote a good cause and with 
these men as leaders, the County Farm 
Bureaus have the right kind of leader- 
ship. 

The County Farm Bureau is striving 
to make the farmer more efficient in his 
practices or in other words, striving for 
more economical production of the pro- 
duets of the farm. 

The farmer in reality is similar to a 
manufacturer. The farm is his factory. 
He takes his raw products in the form 
of seed, plants them and manufactures 
them with the help of nature, into vari- 
ous crops. He takes a calf and with 
the help of nature manufactures it into 
a cow. He takes his crops and with 
the assistance of his cows manufactures 
them into milk, and his milk into cream, 
and his cream into butter. The manu- 
facturer to operate his factory success- 
fully must attain high efficiency which 
means economical production. Like Rip 
Van Winkle the farmer is awaking from 
his sleep of years and is finding his place 
among the trained professions of a more 
advanced day. With a step at first fal- 
tering but growing more firm and confi- 
dent, he is corning down from the hills 
of narrowness and aimlessness to the 
plains of better organization and more 
scientific training. The farmer, in order 
to keep pace with the increased efficiency 
of other industries must strive at all 
times for the most efficient production 
of farm products, and in attaining this 
end, be can choose no better adviser and 
helper than the County Farm Bureau. 



r~J~s — . 



i 



x 






-p^>- 



'/fTs&^Mt^. 



Qoi 








AN AFTERNOON WITH FORGOTTEN THINGS 



By Helen F. McMillin 



rfiHE long blue .touring car slid for- 
ward slowly, not with the assured 
swiftness characteristic of the mo- 
tion of a high-powered automobile, but 
rather with a leisurely ease reminiscent 
of a horse drawn carriage behind a pair 
of strong fine horses. The man at the 
wheel, Mr. Herbert Nichols, had been a 
driver of horses in years past, had had 
his livery stable, had bought and sold 
horses, and felt for them the peculiar 
affection which no motor car can com- 
mand. And now, when he had at last 
yielded to the trend of the times and 
the blue touring car had replaced his 
teams, he still continued to drive the 
automobile as he was wont to drive his 
horses. Down the long grade to the 
road the car unwed, held back, so it 
seemed, not by inner mechanism of 
brakes, but by the muscles of powerful 
animals guided by the steady rein of the 
driver. Up a long hill he went slowly 
and at the top the driver's habit of 
years past asserted itself and he stopped 
the car as though he were reining in 
tired horses who had deserved a rest 
after the hard pull. Holding the wheel 
as though his hand held loose reins, lie 



the seat, and turned to his passengers. 

"Over there" he said with a nod. "was 
where Uncle Sammy Jewett used to pas- 
ture his stags." 

We followed the direction indicated 
and saw not a pasture, but a tangled 
mass of underbrush and half grown 
trees. Our driver watched our puzzle- 
ment with Yankee relish, then smiled 
and said, 

"It was all open field in those days, 
open field way back to the foot of the 
mountain. Sharon was quite a com- 
munity then, some four hundred people 
at least. Last census there were only 
about twenty. Nearly all the old fami- 
lies are gone — just one or two left. 
The young people saw better opportuni- 
ties elsewhere and the old folks are 
buried up on Jarmany hill." 

"Jarniany Hill is really Germany 
Hill, I suppose," one of the passengers 
on the back seat ventured. 

"No, jarmany is the correct name. 1 
remember my Aunt Luce telling me how 
it came to be. A family came to live 
up there in the early days who used to 
make earthenware jars which they sold 
anion? the fanners. The man was 



let his right arm lie along the back of familiarly known as the 'jar man' and 



602 



THE GRAN UK MONTHLY 



in course of time the place where bis 
house stood became 'jar-many hill.' ' 

The car was moving again now. but 
slowly so that the driver dicl not need 
to interrupt: his conversation. To us 
the road was duly a beautiful, wood road 
in unsettled country; but gradually we 
came to see. through the eyes of our 
guide, comfortable old farmhouses in 
among the trees, good pasture lands and 
cultivated fields, and among them people 
moving, engaged in work and play and 
laughter and tears. There was magic 
in the' air that day. 

"Over there where you see the lilac 
bush was the house where the meanest 
man in town lived/' said Mr. Nichols, 
"and down there in tht hollow lived a 
little red cheeked girl. I used to think 
she was awfully pretty, and I can re- 
member just how she looked coming 
along the road — there was a road then — 
with her pigtails down her back. That's 
the little red schoolhouse, and over there 
is jo McCoy's. His house is still stand- 
ing, but no one lives there. I remember 
a kitchen junket up there one winter. 
I wasn't invited, but 1 went just the 
same. The little red-cheeked girl ad- 
vised me to. There wasn't any reason 
for his not asking me really. Everyone 
else was invited. So I just went along. 
Those kitchen junkets — they don't have 
anything like them nowadays, but they 
were the big events of the winter to us 
back sixty years ago. 

"We had a big part}- here, too," he 
went on, pointing across the road. "We 
called it the Cousin Party." 

We looked and saw nothing but a 
clump of feresfl until Mr. Nichols, get- 
ting out of the. car, .showed in the tall 
grass traces of the foundation stones, 
and pointed out the outlines of the 
buildings which once stood there. 

"We lived here one while," he said. 
"There was a store and a dance hall and 
a cottage house. If was one of the busi- 
est corners of the town at one time- 
And one day in March we had a cousin 
party. There were a lot of our rela- 
tions around about, and fifty or sixty 



couples in all were there that night. 
Aunt Esther came, I remember: walk- 
ed down from her little cottage in the 
hills and back again after the partv 
through the slush and sleet, several miles 
of lonesome road. And there was 
Uncle Fdske of Dublin. I'll always 
remember him and the way he dodged 
chapping in his quarter to pay the 
musicians, said he didn't dance, although. 
his wife did, and therefore didn't think 
he ought to be asked to pay. We danced 
the Devil's Dream at five o'clock in the 
morning. It was a great party". 

"You see that old house over there." 
our driver broke silence again. "Old 
Swain lived there. He used to be a 
pretty good neighbor, too, except for 
being a little mite strenuous on election 
day and training" day and one or two 
other special occasions, hie was cap- 
tain of the Sharon Blues, and I guess 
he figured that his services to his coun- 
try entitled him to some sort of celebra- 
tion once in a while. He was a great 
story teller, too, and when a farmer 
tells me about having trouble with witch 
grass I always think of one of old 
Swain's favorite yarns. One day, be 
said, as he was ploughing his shoestring 
broke and not having another handy he 
supplied the deficiency with a piece of 
witchgrass. That was in the spring and 
he did not give the matter another 
thought until one morning in late Octo- 
ber when he was lacing up his shoes on 
the front steps and the witchgrass broke. 
He took out the pieces and threw them 
away, and the next spring he found they 
had taken root. It's pretty hard to kill 
the stuff, he'd say." 

Thus, as we drove along, our guide 
peopled the still woods with the spirits 
of the old settlers, introducing them 
and making us see them in all their hu- 
manness and homely happiness. At last, 
with unmistakable eagerness, he turned 
the car into an overgrown lane and stop- 
ped- lie did not ask us to geA out but 
his manner showed that that was ex- 
pected of us and we followed him up a 
little slope. 



N AFTERNOO. 



IT 



FORGOTTEN THINGS 



603 



icro 



sai 



where Uncle 



was 
Ely and Aunt Luce lived." 

Again we saw only the faintest traces 
of human habitation: a group of knotted 
apple trees, an old well overgrown with 
moss but still containing water which 
sounded cool when we dropped a pebble 
into its depths- The old cellar hole was 
-till partly visible. That was all that 
was left. But we could almost see the 
comfortable dwelling rise before our 
eyes as our guide paced out its bounda- 
ries and indicated with a sweep of his 
arm the walls and the doors and the 
windows. 

"There was 
one window 
there," he said, 
"and there was 
another window 
over there. The 
old clock stood 
right lie re be- 
side this win- 
dow. The front 
door was over 
on that side just 
out beyond those 
bushes. The 
stairs went up 
just a b o u t 

where that 

clump of grass 
is. And between 
the stairs and 
the door was a little passageway out of 
doors through which the cat and dog 
could go in and out. 

"I can remember Uncle Ely sitting by 
that window growling over the Peter- 
borough Transcript and keeping one eve 
on the road. It was all open here then. 
There weren't any trees except a few of 
those apple trees — Uncle Ely called them 
the nussery — and he could see everyone 
coming or going on the road. He'd fret 
and fume about the newspaper, declar- 
ing that the. next time he went to the 
Crow's Nest — he called Peterborough 
that because it was a black Republican 
town — he was going to stop his subscrip- 
tion. But he never did. 




"Well, he'd sit there reading and 

the old <l<)i\ Ashes would be asleep 
at his feet, when a farmer's wagon 
would come along down the road. Then 
Uncle Ely would lay down his paper 
audi pick up Ashes by his. tail and 
nape of his neck and hold him 
up to the window so that lie could 
look down the road." Mr. Nichols 
suited the action to the words. "The 
old dog wouldn't move a muscle. Then 
Uncle Ely would set him down again and 
just as the dog's feet touched the floor 
he'd holler. 'Through the tunnel! 
Through the tunnel !' and Ashes would 

disappear thru 
the little hole 
by the door and 
tear down the 
hill to the road 
barking for all 
he was worth. 
Uncle Ely would 
watch him for a 
minute, chuck- 
ling to himself. 
Then he'd go 
thundering down 
the road in hot 
--— pursuit of the 
dog. 

" 'Lick him, 
lick him !' he'd 
roar as the 
startled farmer 
laid about him with Ids whip. Lick him 
good. I am going to get Continental to 
kill that dog. Lick him!' And he'd 
pick up a stone and shy it in the general 
direction of Ashes as a 
part of the game was over 



signal that his 



lie never 

hit him but the dog went off meekly up 
the hill and left Uncle Ely to pass the 
time of day with the farmer, to find out 
what he was getting for hay, how much 
eggs and butter were in Peterborough, 
and to inquire about news in the outside 
world in general." 

It was an entertaining picture, that of 
the old man establishing contacts with 
his neighbors and the outside world by 
this simple ruse and with the old dog as 



604 



THE GRANI VE MONTHLY 



accomplice. And our guide went on to 
give us a companion piece. 

"1 remember one night when I was 
over to Uncle Ely's. 1 lc was reading 
the Transcript and grumbling to him- 
self over it's contents. It had been 
snowing all day and there was about two 
feet of snow. A sires, in his place by the 
fire, suddenly pricked up his ears and 
began to growl. Uncle Ely put down 
his paper and went to the window. 
'Trouble down to the road.' he shouted, 
although I was quite within earshot. 
'Get .on your [toots! Trouble down to 
the road !' We went out into the storm. 
Down in the snow and slush a man was 
struggling with a load of soft soap. 
Probably he had been peddling it in 
Peterborough. His horses were poor 
and one of them was down. Uncle Ely 
looked over the job, sent me for a shovel 
and got the load to one side of the road 
and helped the horse up. Then we took 
the man and his wife back to the house. 
While Uncle Ely was tending to the 
horses, Aunt Luce helped the woman in- 
to dry clothes. Then there was supper. 
I can remember just how Aunt Luce 
looked as she moved around in that slow, 
complaining way of hers; I can see her 
standing by the table, smoothing the 
cloth and straightening the silver and 
speaking softly. Then Uncle Ely dis- 
appeared down cellar and came up with 
a jug of Med ford rum. A tint Luce 
looked at him reproachfully as he mixed 
up a little with sugar for the guests and 
for himself. Uncle Ely could feel her 
eyes upon him. 'Mother, Mother, just 
a swallow, just a swallow,' he said. And 
Aunt Luce turned to the strangers and 
said, 'We don't have Medford, — not 
every day. Uncle Ely keeps- a little on 
hand for haying, but we don't have Med- 
ford — not every day.' When the supper 
had been cleared away and the man and 
woman began to talk about moving on, 
Uncle Ely said, 'No. Nobody leaves my 
house on a night like this.' and Aunt 
Luce took the lamp and showed them up 
to the guest room. 



Poor Aunt Luce. Uncle Ely did bother 
her sometimes. She had to sort of fol 
low round and explain him. He called 
every one by nicknames and this dis- 
tressed her. 'Old Sbuttlenose is doing 
his haying this week,' he'd say, and Aunt 
Liice would supply in an apologetic un- 
dertone, 'Mr. Sam Barton.' 'There's 
Mailbags coming down the road,' Uncle 
Ely would call out. 'Miss Barnes/ said 
Aunt Luce. And so it would go. 'Leg- 
gin' Strings/ 'Continental,' 'Gunlock.' 
No one ever knew the reason for Uncle 
Ely's nicknames, but there was only one 
person in town for whom he had no 
nickname. )Iq was a crotchety old fel- 
low and every one called him 'Old John 
Turner 5 — everyone except Uncle Ely ; 
he always spoke of him with exagger- 
ated respect as 'Mister Turner.' ' 

We walked back to the car in silence 
and in silence drove slowly homeward. 
Our driver was living over boyhood 
scenes and as for ourselves, we too were 
still moving in the neighborhood of 
spirits he had summoned for u^,, and 
pondering upon the changes half a cen- 
tury can bring. It was very warm and 
still. In the patches of sunlight on 
the dusty road were yellow butterflies 
which flew up in clouds before otir car. 
The country bore the aspect of un- 
touched wilderness fas though no hu- 
man being had ever lived or worked in 
it, and yet there was an intangible dif- 
ference. The forces of nature make 
short work of human handiwork', weeds 
and bushes cover the ruins of man's 
houses and speedily reclaim what little 
patches of ground he has conquered and 
made to serve his uses. But wherever 
human lives have been lived, wherever 
men have worked and played together 
in families and communities, a breath 
of their spirit is somehow mingled with 
the air. 

"Wherever beaut y has been quick in clay 
Some e (line nee remains " 

But once in the return homewards 
was the silence broken. Back just a 
little from the road, beside the tumbled 



AN AFTERNOON WITH FORGOTTEN THINGS 



605 



weather beaten ruins of an old house, then) and carry them home. But just 

a pink rose bush, half hidden with weeds, as f reached for them something seemed 

held up three small fragrant blossoms. to stop me. It just seemed as th »ugh 

Our driver pointed them out. maybe it would hurt 'Her.' There 

"Some woman." he said. "The other would hive been more than three there 

day 1 came through this way and saw if 'She' were taking care of them. So 

i])o<^ roses and I thought I would pick I left Her her roses." 

r 



[■ - ■ 

}..;■, 







DREAM SHIPS 

By Carl Holliday 
University of Toledo, Ohio 

The great ships go out to sea 

Beyond the light -house tall; 

I know not when again they'll be 
Within our harbor wall. 



And my high dreams go out to sea 

At harbors far to. call; 
I know not if again to me 

They'll ever come at all. 

But the great ships, when o'er the sea, 
Their anchor chains let fall 

Jn some old port of mystery, 
Beneath some city walk 

And my high dreams, when o'er the sea 
At God's own Harbor call, 

And wait at anchor there for me, 
Beneath His City wall. 



^h£?£^^f^i?^^ \ 



AN.ANTH6L0e El 



Cc-C- 



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Compiled by Arthur Johnson 1 ^_^ - ,. 

v4V^O)^/.^c*-^ Illustrated bv Elizabeth Shurtlk.ff ^jf^jpi^^ 



A WHITE ROSE 

By John Boyle O'Reilly 

The red rose whispers of passion But I send you a cream-white rosebud 

And the red rose breathes of love; With a flush on its petal tips; 

Oh, the red rose is a falcon, For the love thai is purest and sweetest 

And. the white rose is a dove. Has a kiss of desire on the lips. 



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JEOUY ON HIS WIFE 

By Henry King 

Sleep on, my Love, in thy cold bed 
Never to be disquieted! 
My last good-night! Thou wilt not awake 
Till I thy fate shall overtake: 
Till age, or grief, or sickness must 
Marry- my body to that dust 
It so much loves; and fill the room 
My heart keeps empty in thy tomb. 
Stay for me there: 1 will not fail 
To meet thee in that hollow vale. 
And think not much of my delay: 
I am already on the way. 
And follow thee with all the speed 
Desire can make, or sorrows breed. 
Each minute is a short degree 
And every hour a step towards thee.... 
■ Tis true — with shame and grief I yield — 
Thou, like the van, first took'st the field; 
And gotten hast the victory 
In thus adventuring to die 
Before me. whose more years might crave 
A just precedence in the grave. 
But hark! m'y pulse, like a soft drum, 
Beats my approach, tells thee I come; 
And slow howe'er my marches be 
I shall at last sit down by thee. 

The thought of this bids. me go on 
And wait r;vy dissolution 
With hope and comfort. Dear— forgive 
The crime — I am content to live 
Divided, with but half a heart. 
Till we shall meet and never part. 



ANTHOLOGY OF OXi' POEM POET: 



607 



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NOIS SUM QUALIS 

ERAM BONAE SUB REGNO CYNARAE 

By Ernest Dow son 

Last night, ah, yesternight, betwixt her lips and mine 
There fell thy shadow, Cynara! thy breath was shed 

Upon my soul between the kisses and the wine. 
And I was desolate and sick of an old passion, 
Yea, I was desolate and bowed my head : 
I have been faithful to thee, Cynara ! in my fashion 

All night upon mine heart I felt her warm heart, beat, 
Night-long within mine arms in love and sleep she lay; 
Surely the kisses of her bought red mouth were sweet; 
But I was desolate and sick of an old passion, 

When I awoke and found the dawn was gray: 
1 have been faithful to thee, Cynara! in my fashion, 

I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind, 
Flung ruses, roses riotously with the throng, 
Dancing, to put thy pale, lost lilies out of mind; 
Yet I was desolate and sick of an old passion, 
Yea, all the time, because the dance was long: 
I have been faithful to thee, Cynara! in my fashion. 

1 cried for madder music and for stronger wine, 
But when the feast is finished and the lamps expire; 
Then falls thy shadow, Cynara ! the night is thine ; 
And I am desolate and sick of an old passion, 

Yea, hungry for the lips of my desire : 
I have been faithful to thee, Cynara ! in my fashion. 



v 

Q < vY;A u y-:;= 




CANDIDATES FOR DELEGATES-AT-LARGE 

TO REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION 

By [a-mes F. O'Xeil 



New Hampshire's delegation to the 
Reptil .)!ican National Convention will be 
for President Calvin Coolidge tor the 

presidential nomination, but they will 
go from the Granite State unpledged- 
Such seems to be the sentiment among 
those who expect to be candidates for 
delegates and other party leaders 
throughout the state. 

The candidates to date for delegates- 
at-large are: Senator George IT. Moses 



of Concord. First 



iistant Postmaster 



General John H. Bartlett of Portsmouth, 
ex-Governor Albert O. Brown of Man- 
chester, Slate Chairman Dwight Flail 

of Dover and National Committeeman 
Fred W. Estahrook of Nashua. Mrs. Jes- 
sie E. Donahue of Manchester is in the 



A.;,' i i alternate to the delegates-at- 
large, also Mrs. Clara Fellows of Tilton. 

Some woman will probably be includ- 
ed among the delegates-at-large for it is 
the • alicy of rite party to send some to 
this convention. Mrs. John G. M. 
Glessner of Littleton was mentioned but 
she states she will attend the convention 
as national committeewoman. Mrs. 
Schofield of Peterboro may hie. 

New Hampshire will be represented 
by six delegates-at-large this year and 
four ' district delegates, two from each 
congressional district. This is an in- 
crease of two over 1920. The voting 
strength of all the states that went Re- 
publican in the last presidential election 
has been increased. 



ALBERT O. BROWN 

Tp X-GOVERNOR Albert O. 
X_i Brown is the only Man- 
chester man mentioned as a can- 
didate for delegate-at-large for 
the G. O. P. National conven- 
tion although Cyrus H. Little, 
Queen City attorney, is out for 
district delegate. 

The former chief executive, 
of New Hampshire favors 
President Calvin Coolidge for 
the renomination, but is inclined 
at this time to run unpledged 
although he wishes it understood 
that he is for Coolidge. Com- 
menting on the situation this 
week, Mr. Brown said: "I think 
I shall file in January as a can- 



didate for delegate-at-large an 



:1 

at this time I am inclined to run 
unpledged but absolutely i ; - 



favor of President Coolidge 



Relative to the issue of 



the 



Ex-Governor Albert O. Brown 



day and the makeup of the plat- 
form, Ex-governor Brown did 
not wish To make any comments 



CANDIDATES TO REPUBLICAN CONVENTION 



609 



believing that the time was in- 
opportune. "Later on, if neces- 
sary," said the Manchester bank 
official, "I shall give my opinions 
on some, many of which [ have 
definite ideas on." 

At the • present time Mr. 
Brown is president of the State 
institutional Convention which 
adjourned last spring after con- 
vening on tax legislation, the 
amendments being voted upon in 
March. He has never been a 
delegate to the national conven- 
tion. 



JOHN H. BARTLETT 
First Ass't P. M. General 

JOHN IT. BARTLETT of 

E 
tl Portsmouth, first assistant 

postmaster general and ex-gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire, is one 
of the strongest supporters of 
President Calvin Cooiidge for 
trie nomination of the Repub- 
lican party for the presidency. 
He is interested in seeing 




L OO'lOt 



;e delegates chosen in every state 



and is willing to go to the national con- 
vention if his personal efforts there will 
be helpful. 

Mr. Bartlett, who is a national figure 
because of his prominent position in the 
capitoh has been close to President 
Cooiidge. At present he is sitting in at 
the cabinet meetings as the representa- 
tive of the postal department in the. ab- 
sence of Postma aer General New. New 
Hampshire's former governor -was men- 
tioned prominently in connection with 
the appointment of postmaster general 
at the time Senator Harry S. New was 
selected. 

Regarding some of the national issues 
the assistant postmaster general ex- 
pressed himself as follows: "I am in 
favor of a Soldier's Delayed Compensa- 
tion Act ; a forty-eight hour state law 
H>v} federal forty-eight hour provision; 



Ex-Governor Joan H. Bartlett 



also other progressive legislation for 
workers, farmers and business. 



SENATOR GEORGE H. MOSES 

Q ENATOR George H. Moses, who ex- 
M* pects to be a candidate for delegate- 
at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention, believes that the New Hamp- 
shire statute is too rigid for the selec- 
tion of a pledged delegation. If elected 
a delegate he states he will be for Cooi- 
idge but is of the opinion that the dele- 
gation should go unpledged. 

In reply to a questionnaire, the New 
Hampshire senator sent the following 
letter from Washington, D. C, regard- 
ing his views: 

"I expect to be a candidate for dele- 
gate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion. I do not think that the delegates 



610 



IHE GRANITE MONTHLY 



from New Hampshire. At 
convention in 1.920 he played . 
most prominent part and it is . 
pected that lie will be heard fron 
during' the coming one as well. 



• 



Ph< 



■:■. Sta :. . Con ■.•:. X. H. 

tor George H. Moses 



should be pledged under the New Hamp- 
shire statute— our experience in that re- 
gard in 1920 having shown that our 
statute is altogether too rigid in such 
matters. If elected a delegate I shall 
be for Coolidge. 

"I shall not vote for a bonus bill un- 
less some means are taken to provide 
the necessary v^xenua for paying it. I 
am in favor of a sales tax for this pur- 
pose. 

"I very much wish to see our Feder- 
al tax. system reformed. I did not vote 
for the. present tax law and made . a 
speech in opposition to it. I am ready 
at any time to take up the work of re- 
forming it ; and in general terms I agree 
with the proposals advanced by Secre- 
tary Mellon. 

"I am in favor of a National 48 Hour 
Law ; and in two Congresses have intro- 
duced a bill to bring it about and have 
done my best to secure its passage." 

Senator Moses will without doubt be 
elected as one of the delegates-at-large 



DWIGHT HALL 

ttj am for President Coolidgi / 

-*- This was the statement made 
by D wight Hall of Dover in com 
menting on the candidates for the 
Presidential nomination of the Re- 
j publican party. Mr. Hall, who is 
state chairman of the G. O. P., is 
an announced candidate for dele- 
gate-at-large to the national con- 
'! vention. 

He has been a delegate in formei 
gj years and is looked upon as one of 
j the leading lights of the party in 
.-..'.] New England. Only a few month-: 
ago he with National Committee- 
man Fred W. Estabrook of Nashua 
- ■■'•■- conferred with National Chairman 
Adams on the New Hampshire 
situation. 
Mr. Hall is interested in tax revision 
which he believes would serve as an in- 
centive to business. He asserted that 
he was studying the problem which he 






D wight Hal! 



CANDIDATES TO REPUBLICAN CONVENTION 



611 



considered 



one of the 






Concerning the bonus to ex-ser- 
vice men, the state leader o\ the G. 
O. P. said: "I am heartily in favor 
of doing everything for these men 
that can be done/' When asked 
if he favored a national 48-hour 
law, he prompt]) replied "I do." 

During the last session of the 
state legislature Dwiglu Had, who 
is a prominent attorney in Dover, 
acted as a lobbyist against the state 
48 -hour law. He represented the 
Pacific Mills of Dover. 



MRS. JESSIE E. DONAHUE 

QEEKING a place in the New 
M Hani]) shire delegation to the 
Republican National Convention, 
Mrs. Jessie E. Donahue of Man- 
chester has the distinctive honor 
of being the first woman in the his- 
tory of the Granite State to an- 
nounce her candidacy for a posi- 
tion in either party delegation, to 
the National Convention from New 
Hampshire. However, other women are 
expected to enter the field for delegate 
to the G. O. P. convention within a short 
time. Mrs. Donahue asks for a place 
among the alternates to the delegates-at- 
large. 

Being vice chairman of the Republi- 
can State Committee and in that capa- 
city serving as head of the woman's 
division, Mrs. Donahue is counted 
among the party leaders in the state. 
in the last two campaigns she was among 
the busiest of the women speakers, ad- 
dressing rallies almost every evening. 
and at times two or three meeting the 
same night. Always a staunch Repub- 
lican and an earnest worker for party 
success, she has not before sought office 
for herself 

"1 am for Coolidge," says Mrs. Dona- 
hue, "but favor the idea of an unpledged 
delegation although I am willing to go 
pledged if it is the wish of President 
Coolidge that out delegation be pledged." 






Photo by Ira Frank Lindsey 



Mrs. Jessie E. Donahue 

Beyond expressing her opposition to 
the League of Nations the Manchester 
newspaper woman prefers not to make 
a statement about her views on nation- 
al issues until later. 

Mrs. Donahue, who is the widow of 
the late Insurance Commissioner John 
J. Donahue, is a native of New Hamp- 
shire and has always lived in the state. 
She is not only prominently identified 
with clubs and other social organiza- 
tions but has had extensive business ex- 
perience and has for some years been 
connected with Boston and Manchester 
newspapers and contributed to other 
periodicals. In consequence of these 
activities she possesses a wide acquaint- 
ance throughout the state. 



FELLOWS 
N Tuesday, November 27th the lead- 
ing Republican women, including 
the various local chairmen, gathered in 
Concord for a conference, followed by 



612 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



all lines of women's work in \\.> 
state announced her candidacy a 
delegate-at- large to the Natior i] 
Convention. Upon being h \ 

viewed, Mrs. Fellows slated that 
she favored the nomination of ( ..' 
vin Coolidge, though like the n 
of the candidates she preferre ' , 
go unpledged ; that she favored ,- : 
national 8-hour law for worn i 
and children and thai she was op 
posed to a soldier's bonus of tl 
character which has been pro: 
in the past. Mrs. Fellows has ! >nq 
been active in behalf of measure- 
for child welfare and education 
and carries with her into political 
life a wide experienee in publit 
service. 



FRED W. ESTABROOK 

I I 

pRED W. ESTABROOK of 
-■■ Nashua, present national com 
[ ^ mitteeman from New Hampshire, 

is another announced candidate for 
Mrs, Clara Fellows delegate-at-large. President Cool- 

idge is his choice for the renomi- 
a luncheon at the Eagle Hotel. What- nation. lie did not wish to be quoted 
ever e\>e may have been the benefit of on national issues being of the beliei 
this gathering, there was one important that bis personal opinions had no con- 
good accomplished both from the stand- nection with the Presidential primary 
point of the Republican party and of the and the national convention. 
state as a whole. At the close of the The Nashuan has served at two na- 

gathering, having yielded to the soiicita- tional conventions of the Republican 
tions of the entire group of women, Mrs. party already, being a delegate from this 
Clara Fellows of Tilton, President of state in 1912 and at the last meeting in 
the New Hampshire Federation of 1920. He has been national committee- 
Women's Clubs and prominent in man from New Hampshire since 1908. 



fei3 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 




i. c the wealth of undeveloped resources 
ivhich lie in this state, but what she lacks 
is a belief on the part of the people, that 
these statesmen are actual!} laboring for 
in his the advantage of the state, and not to 
and a tremble in his voice, the vari- further their own political ambitions. 
(.his baffling and intricate problems which We have established in the capital 
confront our commonwealth, and which city, certain departments of state, for- 
he alone can solve. Seated upon plush estry, education, agriculture, fisheries 
cushions around mahogany tables in and game, highway, motor vehicle, and 
various steam heated offices, the sages o'f various others. These departments are 
our slate are veritable pioneers, forging amply supplied with men of talent and 
their way through the wilderness of mi- scientific training, capable of leading 
developed New Hampshire. It all the our people in paths of progress, along 
trees which have been planted on paper their respective lines of activity. It is 
by various forestry associations should natural that they should be criticized, 
grow, tire coal and housing problem Washington, the father of his country, 
would be dissipated "f of evermore. If Lincoln, the preserver of our nation, en- 
all the water power which has been . dured criticism., and it is to be expected 
developed— on blueprints, could really that Everett, the father of good roads, 
function, the water Mowing over the and Bartlett, the preserver of partridges, 
dams of New Hampshire would operate should meet with the same difficulties. 
factories in /Timbuctoo. In the same Nevertheless, although criticism is to 
way, if all the industries which have be expected, the great gulf of misun- 
been formed in our state, or at least, derstanding which seems to separate the 
visioned in the curling cigar smoke of people of our state, from their business 
Chamber of Commerce banquets, were organization, seems unfortunate and un- 
real!}- buying raw material and employ- called for. Over the north country, an 
ing men, the word "economics" would avalanche of discontent and distrust, is 
never more be lisped in our fair state. If greeting the efforts of those who are 
all the fanning which has been dia- engaged in combating the white pine 
grained upon blackboards, in the empty blister-rust. The small town statesmen 
halls of the state were actually being w ho project tobacco juice with deadly 
put into practice upon our hill farms. accuracy into the fiery depths of the box 
New Hampshire would be like Canaan stove and surreptitiously remove cookies 
of old, "a land of milk and honey." and pickles from the grocers counter of 

— the village stores, are most venomous in 

One fact the doughty knights of pen- their insinuations about the Fish and 
manship and oratory have apparently Game Department, accusing high of- 
overlooked. The real problem in Xew hciais of enforcing the laws against the 
Hampshire, as well as, every other state, poor people, in order that they, them- 
now as always, is the human problem. selves, may have venison upon their 
New Hampshire has perfectly able ex- boards, twelve months in the year. They 
perts in agriculture, but what she lacks claim, that the supervisors in the De- 
is a confidence in these experts on the partment of Education are sponging 
part of the fanner, who too many times, an ill deserved livelihood from the people 
regards them as rank outsiders, striving while the schools ruined by new notions 
to force "new fangled notions and out- are not as they used to be, when they 
landish ideas" upon him. New Hamp- were boys. They maintain that every 
shire has far-sighted statesmen who real- bump in our roads, and every wash- 



0\ 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



board ridge of their corrugated surfaces 
which cause our Fords to play "Nearer 
My God to Thee,*' can be traced direct- 
ly to the inefficiency of the Highway ] de- 
partment and that the Farm Bureau and 
Department of Agriculture, are to the 
farm " world, what the "Seven Day 
Saints" and the followers of "Cone" 
are to the religious world. 



It has been our experience that the 
officials of the various departments are 
ever ready to receive guests with 
courtesy, explain their work frankly, 
and meet criticism in a kindly manner. 
They are busy men. however. 

Perish the thought of suggesting an- 
other state office but it might be profit- 
able to have some official whose entire 
duty lay in introducing citizens 10 their 
departments by means of visits, lecture 
tours, and newspaper propaganda. The 
Boston and Maine railroad has such an 
official whose work lies in thus correct- 



ing erroneous impressions in the minds 
of the public. 

We would even go further and sug- 
gest the personnel of the office. Under 
a Republican regime who would be bet 
ler than the portly and jovial f< 
Motor Vehicle Commissioner Olin H. 
Chase? Or, during the supremacy of 
the Democrats, could the suave and 
friendly Air. Sibley.be improved upon? 

The State of Xew Hampshire cannoi 

move forward more successfully without 
the confidence of the people than can the 
Amoskeag Mills do business without 
the cooperation of their employees, 
or the Governor of Oklahoma re- 
tain his office without the con 
sent of his fellow citizen. Let us then 
realize that our real problem is a prob- 
lem of self education. That even as we 
are supposed to boost our town, our 
lodge or our club, we should be ready 
to speak a good word for those who are 
trying to do thin.es in our state. 



BOOKS OF NEW" HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

The Memoirs of Li Hung Chans: 

By W. F. Ma un ix 



With an Introduction 

"The Memoirs of Li Hung Chang" 

the distinguished Chinese statesman 

/TT and diplomat of the 3a1e 

( Hough to x iru< 
,> „ lytn century, was ac- 

MlFFLIN Co. , n .J , 

t-» ^.o r^\ tuallv written by an 

Price $2.50) K ■ ,. . 

J American adventurer 

while he was serving a sentence in a 
Honolulu jail. This statement seems 
ridiculous while one is reading the book 
or reflecting upon it when finished, for 
unless the reader keeps constantly in 
mind the facts given in the introduction, 
he will be deceived as fully as were the 
eminent critics, authorities, and keen 
literary men in 1911 and feel that he is 
really becoming acquainted with the 
mind of the noble and brilliant China- 
man. 

This, of course is not the case. The 



by Ralph D. Paine 

book was first published in 1911 by a 
distinguished publishing house in Lon- 
don, after extracts had appeared in the 
New York "Sun" and the. London "Ob- 
server" as well as in some American 
magazines of repute. "The Memoirs'" 
were then secured for America by 
Houghton and Mifflin Co., who had care- 
ful study made by authorities on Chinese 
affairs and who published the book in 
1913 after it had been pronounced by 
these men as compiled from genuine 
diaries and an autobiography of unusual 
and permanent value. Mr. Foster, Sec- 
retary of State in President Harrison's 
Cabinet in 1892, was asked to write an 
introduction to the book because of his 
close association with Li Hung Chang 
when in 1897 he was requested by the 



BC 



HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



DID 



Emperor of China to act as an advisor 
~ negotiations with japan. 
Foster was most inter- 



ring the pea 
lerefore, M 



»sted in the suj 
[riend's di; 



extracts 



ViVxYl 



his 



entirely worthy of that literary gentle- 
man. What name shall we give to the 
ability which enables a poor man, whose 
knowledge of China is limited to a few 



and, having read them, months there while in the infantry as a 



felt no doubt of their genuineness and 
wrote the introduction to the hook. 

The story of how suspicion is aroused, 
the truth, discovered, and the career and 
character of Mr. Maunix, revealed, is 
fully and realistically told by Mr. Ralph 
D. Paine our New Hampshire author. 
Mr. Paine had come into contact with 
the vagabond, newspaper man and 
learned to' know him as lie was. — a man 
with, unusual talent as a novelist, who 
largely wasted his time and energy, and 
with a curious, moral twist seamed un- 
able to draw the line between fact and 
fiction. It is a temptation to linger on 
a discussion of this man, whose charac- 
ter and life fascinate me more than any 
hero of a novel has for some time. It 
is impossible not to- wonder about the 
psychological processes of a man which. 
although he was very lazy, made hum 
go to great lengths to impose on the 
credulity of people, when it would have 
been better, wiser, and easier to have 
told the truth. Mi. Paine gives several 
incidents in Maunix's life which have 
their amusing as well as their tragic 
side. He calls his introduction .the 
"Story of a Literary Forgery" and tells 
it with his usual force and a clearness 
which succeeds in making us under- 
stand why people continued to be kind 
to Maunix even when realizing his fail- 



ing. 

With the discovery of the authorship 
of the book, "The Memoirs" take on a 
different aspect, growing- more enter- 
taming, if less biographical, because it 
becomes what the author should have 
wished it to be in the beginning, purely 
fiction. It is, however, fiction of the 
hetter type, being the imaginative pro- 
duction of a mind so brilliant that it 
could transport itself to a distant land, 
enter a foreign mind, and reflect the 
famous Viceroy's moods, motives, ac- 
tions, and even his words with a style well as Christians. 



common soldier and to such books for 
reference as visitors to the jail bring 
him on request, to deceive statesman, 
journalists, and friends of tire Viceroy 
by writing a hook which would have 
passed, ah critics for all time had not 
laziness in regard to a few dates be- 
trayed him ? 

The youthful ambition of the viceroy, 
his changing views on Christianity and 
foreign invasion of China, his experi- 
ences as a soldier and statesman, his 
skill as a diplomat in negotiating with 
the gseat and powerful nations, his 
trip to Russia, Germany, France, Eng- 
land, and America as an honored repre- 
sentative of his country, all are treated 
with a frankness at which we smile 
when we are forced to recognize it as 
the boldest audacity. Nevertheless, so 
perfect is his portrayal of Li Hung 
Chang that the mellow reflections and 
wise thoughts throughout "The Mem- 
oirs" are none the less worth assimilat- 
ing because they are written by the 
warped mind of a young man, wasting 
brilliant gifts, instead of by the pen of 
an experienced old man. 

William F. Maunix is dead now, lost 
to the sympathy, praise and blame which 
is bestowed on him, leaving his one fine 
piece of work as a sad testimonial of 
what lie might have been had he pos- 
sessed the energy, kind heart, and the 
moral sensitiveness which should have 
accompanied his facile pen and alert, im- 
aginative mind. Nevertheless, in spite 
of these and other missing qualities, he 
has produced a character which makes 
us forget the. barriers of race and color 
and realize with new understanding that 
nobility of nature, greatness of mind 
and heart, although measured by differ- 
ent standards, are common to all fine 
men and are found in China as well as 
in western countries, among heathen as 



QlU 



CURRENT OPINION ! 

Clippings From 

Two Viewpoints of Politics 

We wish Brother Metcalf— who 
sees 40 Republican papers in New 
Hampshire— would lend us his specs. 
We have not been able to locate one, 
except our own — real, old-fashioned 
Republican, every week in the year — 
until the Republican Champion at 
Newport: got back into Republican 
hands. Where has Bro. Metcalf seen 
even one column of (outright Repub- 
lican editorials in any single issue of 
a weekly paper — within the last year? 
Fact is, we lost the 1922 election BE- 
CAUSE tli'^ Republican press lost its 
voice. We admit it is also true that 
there are no Democratic papers ''to 
speak of." We think that a genuine, 
outright, complete Republican vic- 
tory in New Hampshire was never so 
needed as now. It is what we intend 
to strike for. 

—Granite State Free Press 



And as we read we were thankful 
that the "Old fashioned", political paper 
is with the days that "have gone for- 
ever." Oh, there will be. occasionally 
one — there always is some one who 
would have things as they were seventy 
years ago — but Mr. Cheney's paper is 
mild compared to some of the old timers, 
and O. H. Chase is too full of jolly good 
nature to ever spill vitriolic tirades 
against those who honestly differ with 
him in politics. When Mr. Cheney was 
just coming into manhood, the two great 
parties had so much love for each other 
that the children of one party were not 
allowed to play with those of a neighbor 
who was of the opposite political faith. 
and would a Democrat trade with a 
black Republican in the sixties? Not 
if he could possibly buy elsewhere. And 
the same was true of the Democrats. 
Then it was necessary that every large 
town have two papers, as advertising 
must be in the paper of the advertiser's 
faith Evidently, according; to 



N NEW HAMPSHIRE 

■t\ie State Press 

the Free Press, the Journal-Transcript 

is not a Republican paper 

But the Editor will continue to vote foi 
the Republican ticket, and work for Re- 
publican policies. . . . He lias 
scores of good friends in the Democratic 
party, and hopes to -have them continue 
friends. But if he cannot treat then; 
as friends and have a Republican paper 
he will let the politics go and just print 
the paper.— Franklin J atonal- Transcripi 

Free Advice to the Minority 

There are certain conditions in New 
Hampshire that the [Republican party 
must recognize and profit by if it ex- 
pects to win the next election. The 
young men of the party must be giver, 
their share of the work. Altogether too 
long have the older heads managed af- 
fairs. Adtogether too many factions 
are selfishly working for control. A 
united effort, a recognition of the ques- 
tions confronting the voters in this state. 
and a. calculation of the influences ef- 
fecting the average voter must be taken 
into account. It is the men and women 
who talk little but vote as they please 
that decide the result. Happy is the 
man who sees this and acts accordingly. 
— Franklin Transcript 



Candidates 

Speaking of Republican candidates 
for governor, the Plymouth Record says 
'"What we hope for is a genuine New 
Hampshire man who has some idea of 
the relative size and importance of the 
jpb of governing our state; who will 
offer the simple platform of carrying 
out the business of the state efficiently 
and economically and who has sufficient 
ability, humanity and common sense 
to meet the problems which come be- 
fore our state executive with wisdom 
and good judgment." 

Of the only declared candidates, Cap- 
tain Winant of Concord and Major 
Knox of Manchester, the Record says: 



current Opinion in new Hampshire 



617 OS 



"Both of these men belong to the 'Mr. 
Fixit' type of statesmen who think they 
are called upon to save the state from 
going 10 the demnotion bow-wows and 
that they can do the saving if the people 
will only give .them a job; pass all the 
laws they want and plaster the state 
with bonded indebtedness to pay the 
freight." 

Compare the statements one with 
{he other. Do not the old rank incon- 
sistencies appear which have meant so 
much tribulation for the Republican 
party in months past? Windsor 



11, 



Goodnow of Keene ran for governor on 
;i platform identical with that proposed 
by the Record But he didn't run well, 
nor did the rest of the ticket he headed. 
The Record's platform is all right as 
far as it goes but it doesn't go far 
enough with its verbose generalities to 
assure the election of any Republican 
next year. — -Concord Monitor-Patriot 

Here is what Mr. Knox has to say. 

"After careful consideration of the 
political situation in the state and in 
response to what appears to be a very 
general favorable sentiment among 
Republicans, 1 have concluded to be a 
candidate for the Republican nomi- 
nation for governor. I shall make no 
statement, beyond this at the present, 
but will make an extended statement 
of my views on pending state issues 
at some appropriate time in the future. 
I expect to wage an aggressive cam- 
paign for the nomination." 

In the Monday's paper John G. 
Winant had a statement declaring 
where he stands upon matters of in- 
terest to Xew Hampshire voters. 

"A man is judged by his works and 
the tasks that he sets himself to do. 
1 shall thoroughly enjoy this cam- 
paign because 1 like people and be- 
cause I agree with Colonel Roosevelt 
that 'aggressive fighting for the right 
is the noblest sport the world af- 



fords. 



working foi in time of peace. That 
is my conviction and I shall work 
through to the end." — Franklin Journal. 



In our day custom makes a good pre- 
cedent, consequently the nomination 
should fall to Arthur P. Morrill, who 
in the last campaign, while he had a 
respectable following, withdrew bis 
claim in favor of Goodnow and left the 
held clear, and why should not he 
have a preference as far as the nomi- 
nation goes? He has been faithful, has 
remained loyal to whoever received the 
party nomination. 

— Granite State Free Press 



A Fatherly Rebuke 

We suggest to the Editor of the Gran- 
ite Monthly in the most friendly spirit, 
that it would be better for one of his 
adolescent years, when attending the 
agricultural fairs, or other gatherings 
of combined education and amusement, 
that he confine his researches to the 
front line tents and refrain from visit- 
ing the back tier of canvas in which are 
sometimes carried on the tantalizing 
gesticulations of the brazen acrobats of 
the terpsicorean art. 

—Re publican Champion 



Old Institution Attacked 

One does not have to look far back 
into the past to discover a noticeable 
change in the. use made of the space 



inside of tenses. 



For instance, the 



A country worth fighting foi 



in time of war is a country worth 



parlor as an institution cuts but little 
figure in home life to-day and it soon 
will be a relic of the past. Speed the 
day. The very name seems to suggest 
stillness and lack of comfort. ■ The 
parlor of the old days usually smeJled 
like a silo, and contained the family's 
pet bricabrac, some chairs as uncom- 
fortable as a Roman galley, a sofa as 
slippery as a greased pig, and just 
about as easy to stay on, and the re- 
mains of such flies as had starved to 
death since the room was last opened. 

— Rep uhlica n Champio n 



; EW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



JOHN D. BRIDGE 

John Davis Brid.ce. born in VVarv ick, 
Mass., August 23, 1859. died in Concord 
N. II. . November 12, 1923. 

He was the sum of Henry M. and Eliza- 
beth T. (Cady) Bridge, and removed with 
his parents to Colebrook, N. H., in infancy, 
where he passed his youth, attending the 
public schools and learning the printer's 
trade in the office of the Colebrook News, 
which paper he finally purchased, after- 
wards acquiring also the Sentinel and unit- 
ing the two. He published the News and 
Sentinel for a time, hut soon sold out and 
was employed until 1887 as a compositor 
on Boston and New York papers. 

In the latter year he returned to New 
Hampshire and became the proprietor of 
the Littleton journal, which lie published 
for three years; then sold it and purchased 



printing houses of the country. 

Other nun, attracted by its wonderf i] 
growth and promise of greater success 
the future, have joined hands in its 

recent development; but to John D. Bi 
more than any or ail others, is due ti • 
credit for making the Rumford Press what 
it is to-day. and giving the City of Con. 
cord its greatest and most profitable indus- 
try 

Mr. Bridge was of a modest and retir- 
ing disposition, thoroughly devoted to his 
business, and taking little part in public 
affairs or the distractions of social life, 
though, he never failed, when his aid \\ re- 
sought, to give hearty support to any 
worthy cause. He was a Democrat, a oil 
degree Mason. Odd Fellow, member of the 
Wonolaneet Club, and member and direc- 
tor of the Concord Chamber of Commerce. 

On September 28, 1888, he was united in 
marriage with Angie B. Watson of Little- 
ton, who survives him, with one son, Harold 
W\, of this city. 

— ;h. h. m. 



John 



D. B: 



the Coos Democrat at Lancaster, continu- 
ing as its publisher until 1902, when he re- 
moved to Concord to become the business 
manager of the Rumford Printing Company 
(now the Rumford Press) his services in 
that relation having been sought by the 
late Senator William _ E. Chandler, the 
largest owner and president of the Com- 
pany, who .desired for the position not only 
a practical printer but a careful and saga- 
cious business man, hoping thereby to re- 
trieve the financial fortunes of the con- 
cern and put it on the road to success. 

Senator Chandler made no mistake in 
his selection, Mr. Bridge proved pre-emi- 
nently the man for the position. ■ Fully 
realizing the magnitude of the task before 
him, he set himself to its accomplishment 
and the Rumford Press was placed upon 
the solid foundation of success and gained 
a place in the front rank among the great 



DR. WILLIAM H. PARSONS 

The medical profession of New Hamp- 
shire has lost its oldest and one of its most 
respected members. The state at large has 
lost one of is most stalwart citizens. The 
city of Manchester mourns one of the best 
loved, and most public spirited members 
of its community. 

Dr. William Moody Parsons passed awaj 
at h.is home on Massebesic Street on the 
night of November 19th, from the effects 
of pneumonia. Born 98 years ago, Decem- 
ber 30th, for more than seventy years active 
in the practice in his profession in New 
Hampshire, familiarly known to the many 
who have been ministered to by him as Dr. 
"Bill," he will long be remembered as an 
outstanding example of "the old fashioned 
doctor." An editorial in the Manchester 
Union mentions some striking instances in 
which Dr. Parsons, without the aid of pro- 
per instruments or surgical appliances, has 
saved many a life through the resource- 
fulness of rough and ready methods. Call- 
ed upon to undergo many hardships, forced 
to perform his work in many instances 
without the hope of financial remuneration. 
he ministered to his people for seventy 
years of active practice and has noy, 
brought to a close a career which is typi- 
cal of the hardy manhood of early New 
Hampshire and may be looked upon with 
pride by all citizens of the Granite State. 

Dr. Parsons was bom and educated in 
the town of Gilmanton and learned his 
medicine under Dr. Wright of that town. 
He also studied in Norwich, Vermont, and 
began his practice in Bennington. At one 
time he was the surgeon of the New 
Hampshire. Militia. 

He was a Mason, Knight Templer, Mem- 
ber of the Consistory and Shrine. 



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